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compiled by 

Lemhi County History Committee 
Hon. Fred Snook, Chairman 
Salmon, Idaho 83 467 

pop. 6,899 


page design - D. Krasowski '92 
cover design - Robert Wilkerson 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 
Brigham Young University-Idaho 

stage route between Salmon and Forney. He drove 
the mail stagecoach to Leesburg, during its early 
years. The Salmon Museum features photos of him 
during this era. 

In later years, he was employed by the Federal 
Taylor Grazing Service, as a foreman for the Civil 
Conservation Corps around Salmon. In 1943, Jack 
died of a heart attack, while on a road construction 
job for the Federal Government., during World War 
II. near Howe, Idaho. He was fifty-four years of age. 

Cecile resided in Gibbonsville. at the Achord ranch, 
until the time of her marriage. Cecile and Jack met 
while he was working on a surveying crew for a 
roadway, which is now Hwy 93. This roadway passed 
by the Achord ranch. They made their home in and 
around Salmon. Idaho. After Jack's death, Cecile 
later married Ray Wood of Salmon. 

In later years, Cecile was employed as a cook at 
the Steele Memorial Hospital. She was on a trip to 
visit her daughter, "Tommy" in California in 1958 
when she suffered a fatal heart attack. 

— Deloris "Tommy" L. Nolan 
C. Walker Lyon Family 

C. Walker and Grace M. Lyon moved to Salmon in 
1935, where they still maintain a home. Grace was 
born in Sugar Salem (now Sugar City), Idaho, the 
fourth of eight children of the C.W. Larsen family. 
Shortly after her birth the family moved to Pocatello 
where her father was elected to the House of 
Representatives from Bannock County. 
Subsequently, the family moved to Boise, where her 
father was again elected to the Idaho House of 
Representatives, but from Ada County. 

C. Walker was born in Michigan, the eldest of 
three children born to Frederick N. and Anna N. 
Lyon. While he was still a small child, his family 
moved to Idaho Falls in 1915, when his father 
started Roger Brothers Seed Company. He attended 
school in Idaho Falls, was an active participant in 
athletics, and graduated from Idaho Falls High 
School in 1927. He attended the University of 
California at Berkley for a short time before enrolling 
at the University of Idaho at Moscow, where he 
graduated from the College of Law in 1934. He and 
Grace were married in 1937 in Pocatello and made 
their home in Salmon where he practiced law during 
the depression. Previously, he opened a practice in 
Arco, Idaho, where he lived for a short time before 
moving to Salmon in 1935. C. Walker joined Judge 
Padgham in his law practice and, upon the Judge's 
retirement, took over the practice. During their 
years in Salmon, interest dearest to Grace's heart 
was the nurturing and support of her husband and 
children. However, she was an active participant in 
Eastern Star, an organization in which she held 

many offices. During recent years, Grace has spent 
the major part of her time in Pocatello at the home 
of their son, Fred, and has become active as a 
volunteer at Bannock Memorial Hospital in the 
surgical recovery unit. 

During his practice of law, C. Walker served as City 
Attorney for about twenty years. He also 
represented the American National Bank, which 
became the Idaho First National Bank and now West 
One Bank, for about thirty-five years, as well as the 
Salmon School District. He is one of the founders of 
American Land Title Company. His specialties include 
real estate law, tax law, and mining and minerals 
law. He is widely recognized as an authority on 
mining law and he became the attorney for Calera 
Mining Company who developed and operated the 
Blackbird Mine at Cobalt for many years. He is 
authorized to practice before State and Federal 
Courts in Idaho and the U. S. Supreme Court in 
Washington, D. C. 

It would be nearly impossible to live in Lemhi 
County and not become interested in the outdoors. 
C. Walker and Grace were no exception, and 
succumbed to the lure of the mountains and 
streams of Lemhi County where Grace would 
observe wild flowers while C. Walker fished. He also 
enjoyed fishing in Williams Lake and the Salmon 
River, with his son, Fred, and later his grandson, 
Michael. He was instrumental in organizing the Idaho 
Outfitters and Guides Board and served as its 
attorney for many years. C. Walker's interest in 
mining lead to many family outings in the beautiful 
mountains of Lemhi County, including the 
Bitterroots. Weekends and vacations were often with 
the whole family trekking off to the surrounding 
mountains and valleys where they combined 
recreation with performing assessment work on the 
various family mining claims. This gave them, not 
only wonderful family outings in this pristine 
countryside, but also a basic knowledge of Lemhi 
County and its mining resources. C. Walker has 
interests in mining claims at Leesburg, Cobalt, 
Gibbonsville, Indian Creek, the Pope Shenon mine 
and in Yellow Jacket. His fascination with mining 
ultimately lead to an interest in flying, the better to 
survey the mining country. He and his friends, F.W. 
(Bill) Hammer and Clay Merritt jointly owned a plane 
called the "Red Dog", and together operated the 
Salmon Flying Service for many years, selling Stinson 
and Aeronca airplanes. They survived numerous trips 
to Leadore, Armstead, Dillon and Challis and flying 
over and through the mighty mountain ranges 
surrounding the Lemhi country, whose capricious air 
currents have bested many a good flier. A well 
known fact of life in Salmon was that one could 
always find C. Walker an his coffee buddies. Bill 
Hammer, Clay Merritt, Milt Havemann, Larry 
McGivney. Walt Harris, and John Rand at 10:00 A.M. 


and 3:00 P.M. every day having coffee at either the 
Smoke House of the Three B's Cafe where they 
cussed and discussed fishing, mining, politics and 
numerous other facts of life. Although C. Walker did 
not often talk much about his friendship and 
affection for his coffee buddies, they became very 
important in his life. He suffered a real sense of loss 
when they were no longer able to have coffee 
because they either moved away from Salmon or 
went on to a higher reward. C. Walker and his friend 
Walt Harris, were partners in the IGA stores in 
Salmon and American Falls for many years. They 
also built and ran the IGA Foodliner at Cobalt until 
the mine closed. 

C. Walker and Grace are very proud of the 
accomplishments of their two children, Frederick C. 
and Jeanne, who were born in Salmon. Both Fred 
and Jeanne graduated from Salmon High School 
with honors. Fred went on to study at the University 
of Idaho, graduating in 1964 with degrees in 
Business and Law. Jeanne graduated from the 
University of Idaho in 1968 with honors and received 
a degree in Business Administration. After graduation 
from the University of Idaho, Jeanne toured Europe 
before moving to California where she was ultimately 
employed by Wells Fargo Bank. In 1969 Jeanne 
moved to Denver and took classes at Metro State 
College, specializing in accounting and became a 
Certified Public Accountant in 1979. While in Denver, 
Jeanne became deeply involved in Jaycee-ettes and 
served on numerous committees, including the 
annual Mayor's Reception. She is a member of the 
Colorado Volleyball Association, playing in several 
leagues and achieving the status of a tournament 
player. In 1990, Jeanne moved to Irvine, California, 
where she is associated with a national accounting 
firm as a manager specializing in health care cost 
reimbursement. She is a member of several 
professional organizations and regularly speaks on 
new developments in health care. 

Fred, while attending the University of Idaho, 
married Diana Burns also a U of I student. After 
graduation, Fred and Diana returned to Salmon 
where Fred followed in his father's footsteps and 
entered the practice of law. Diana taught school in 
Salmon and was active in various civic organizations. 
During their years in Salmon, Fred served several 
terms as Lemhi County Prosecuting Attorney, as well 
as practicing law with his father until 1967. At this 
time, Fred moved with his family to Pocatello to 
become associated with Garrett Freightlines as Vice 
President, Secretary and General Counsel until 1980. 
He left Garrett to practice law in Pocatello for 
several years and was appointed as Clerk of the 
Idaho Supreme Court and Court of Appeals in 1982. 
Fred and Diana maintain homes in Boise and 
Pocatello where Diana is presently an agent for Farm 
Bureau Insurance and very active in many civic 

organizations. She is one of the few women 
members of Rotary International and was honored 
as the Bannock County American Business Woman 
of the Year for 1989-90. 

C. Walker and Grace have four grandchildren, 
Michael and Julie, children of Frederick and Diana, 
and Wendy and Kenny, who are Jeanne's children. 
Julie is also a Lemhi County native and is a graduate 
student in Bacteriology at the University of Idaho 
with a goal of entering medical school. Michael is a 
communications and graphic arts major also at the 
University of Idaho and will enter the advertising 
field upon graduation in 1992. Jeanne's daughter, 
Wendy, is a freshman at the University of Northern 
Colorado, majoring in child psychology. Jeanne's 
son, Kenny, is an active eight year old and enjoys 
Cub Scouts and his martial arts class. 

Although the Lyon family, except C. Walker, have 
moved away from Lemhi County, it will always 
occupy a special place in their hearts. They treasure 
their association with the fine people and many 
friends of Lemhi County and are proud of its 

— Frederick C. Lyon 






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Annie MacCallum 

Annie Pollock MacCallum was born on a Saturday, 
November 6, 1909 in Washington, D.C. Says she, 
"Saturday's child works for a living and that's what I 

Her parents were Archibald Robert McCallum and 
Sarah Isabelle Anderson Littleton. Annie changed the 
spelling of her name to MacCallum later in life. Her 
sister, Sarah Isabelle, and two brothers, Archibald 
Robert and George Littleton completed the family. 
The McCallums lived in Washington, D.C. and the 
suburbs of Tacoma Park and Silver Springs in 

Annie attended Washington D.C. schools from 
grade one through college. She earned a Bachelor of 
Science in secondary education from Wilson 
Teacher's College. Graduate work followed at 
Maryland University in College Park, Columbia 
University in New York and New York University in 
New York City. She taught fifteen years in 
Montgomery County, chiefly in Leiand Junior High 
School, Chevy Chase, Maryland. She lived in New 
York City four years after World War II. In 1950 she 
came to Salmon and taught twenty-eight years in 
Salmon public schools. She retired in 1978. 

Annie has been a lifetime member of the Anglican 
Communion of the Episcopal Church. She was 
confirmed in Woodside, Maryland by Bishop Daniel S. 
Tuttle, Missionary Bishop of Idaho. Other 
organizations she belonged to include a life 
membership in Hugh Duncan Chapter of the Order 
of the Eastern Star. She served as Worthy Matron 
and Past Matron of OES. She has been President of 
the Rho Chapter of Delta Kappa Gamma Society, 
and a member of national, state, and local education 

Annie's ancestors include George Littleton, 
member of the English House of Lords and 
Chancellor of the Exchequer. It was he who advised 
William Penn to take land from the Crown and 
establish Pennsylvania Colony. Other Littletons came 
to the colonies as businessmen for the King. One 
Littleton established a plantation in Leesburg, 
Virginia on the Potomac River. Records show the 
date as 1632. In New England there are many towns 
named after Littletons. 

On her father's side, from the University of 
Edinburgh, was a McCallum Presbyterian minister 
who migrated to America very early. 

Annie has loved Idaho in general, and Salmon in 
particular, for over forty years. "The mountains won 
me," she says. 

— Jean Marchand 

Thomas G.and Leona Lish Mackey 

Thomas George Mackey was born January 
15,1919 in Salmon, Idaho, the son of Thomas Jesse 
and Evelyn (Eva) Smith Mackey. He attended 
schools in Salmon and Butte, MT. In 1937, he 
graduated from Salmon High School. He was an 
active member of the Episcopal Church of the 
Redeemer and at one time sang in the choir. 

His father worked at Patterson, Idaho and Tommy 
spent a lot of his summertime visiting there and 
working off and on at the mine and the local 
ranches. He met Leona Lish one day walking down 
Patterson Creek Canyon and later at a dance in the 
schoolhouse he stole her from another suitor. They 
were married January 18, 1940 in Salmon with 
Wanda and Irman Gott their witnesses. 

Leona Belle Lish was the daughter of Everett and 
Iris Blanchard Lish, born October 19, 1921 at Cedar 
Hill, Idaho. She was only a baby when her parents 
came by wagon to the Pahsimeroi Valley. She 
attended school at Big Creek, Patterson, and 
Salmon. She played the guitar when young. 

The young married couple lived first in Salmon 
where Tommy worked for the Forest Service and 
later at Patterson where he mined and ranched. In 
1941 Tommy went to the Oregon coast and worked 

Tommy G. Mackey and Leona Lish Mackey 



for the Army Engineers, returning soon to Patterson 
to work at the Ima Mine. He also worked for the 
contractors who were building apartments at the 
mine. Some of those he worked with were Ernest 
Wornick, Bill Miller, Ralph Dean, and Ray Cole. 

Tommy was drafted in 1943 and served in Italy 
during World War II. He was discharged in 1945. He 
returned to work again at the Ima Mine and live until 
1949 in the apartments he had helped build. 

Tommy and Leona and their family left Lemhi 
County to go north and work for the Sunshine Mine 
at Kellogg, and eventually they moved to Bremerton, 
Washington where Tommy was employed in the 
Naval Ship Yards as a supervisor. Their home was 
always full of activities as they loved to entertain. In 
1979 Tommy retired from the shipyards, and they 
returned to the Pahsimeroi Valley. They bought a 
ranch across the valley from Patterson Creek with 
their son Ron. 

After they left the ranch, they enjoyed traveling, 
usually returning to Salmon. In 1989 during the Lish 
reunion at the Lemhi Grange, their children hosted a 
reception for their golden wedding anniversary. Their 
children, all born in Salmon, are: Gayle Leona, born 
1940, married Al Hidalgo, resides in San Jose, CA; 
Ronald, born 1941, married Joanne Davis, then 
JoAnne Whitworth Pederson, resides in Blackfoot, ID; 
and Karen, born 1947, married Joe Lieble, resides in 
Port Orchard, WA. 

With the birth of a great-grandchild in Germany in 
1990, they felt needed and flew to Europe, a trip 
that was very enjoyable. Tommy loves to camp and 
fish, and Leona likes to crochet and knit. She loves 
to cook for others and their home on Copper Street 
is the center of many family gatherings and card 

— Wilma Williams 
Thomas J. and Evelyn B. Smith Mackey 

Thomas Jesse Mackey, Sr., son of Joel D. and 
Addie Whitlock Mackey, was born at Prairie City, 
Montana on December 12, 1894. About 1902 he 
came to Salmon with his parents. His father was a 
ranch hand. Tom and his siblings; Fred, Alta, Joel, 
Alvin, Frank, Andy, Nettie and Doris all attended 
school in Salmon. 

Tom's father, Joel D., was born about 1866 in 
Nebraska; Joel D.'s father was born in Arkansas and 
his mother in Kentucky. Joel D. had a brother 
named Ben Tom's mother, Addie, was born about 
1874 and her parents were born in Missouri. Joel D. 
died at Bend, Oregon and Addie at San Jose, 

On July 3, 1916 Tom married a Salmon lady by 
the name of Evelyn (Eva) Bessie Smith. She was 
born October 7, 1894 in Salmon, the daughter of 

George and Mary Louise Dalphmaire Smith. George 
was from England, and Mary was born in Utah. 

Tom and Eva made their home in Salmon and Tom 
mined at Gilmore and Bayhorse. Their son Tommy 
was born here. They moved to Butte, MT where Tom 
worked in the mines and three daughters were born 
to them there; Janice, Lois, and Gayle. Gayle died 
very young. When they returned to Salmon, Tom 
worked as a bartender at the Mint Bar for Kenneth 
Swift. In 1933 he was working at the Ima Mine at 
Patterson as the foreman. He remained at Patterson 
until 1941 when they moved to Bremerton, 

Tom's health was not good, but he tended bar, 
and Eva worked four years at the sheet metal shop 
at the naval shipyard. Tom died in 1945, but Eva 
continued to work in Bremerton. She became a 
licensed nurse in 1949, working at the Harrison 
Hospital, and moving with it when the hospital was 
moved to Marion Ave. She retired in 1972. The 
remainder of her life was spent traveling at least six 
months of each year. She had a great sense of 
humor and always showed concern for others. She 
became ill three months before her death on 
September 14, 1982 and is buried near her husband 
in Bremerton. 

— Wilma Williams 

Thomas Jesse Mackey and Evelyn (Eva) Smith Mackey going to a 
masquerade in 1918. 

Stephen A. and Harriet Jane Sims 

Stephen A. Mahaffey was born in 1845. He 
married Harriet Jane Sims about 1872 and they 
made their home in Nebraska. They came to Lemhi 
County in 1906, settling on land near Old Fort Lemhi 
and subsequently acquiring the Fort Lemhi Ranch. 


Stephen A. Mahaffey was a rancher and stockman 
through all his active life. He was a soldier of the 
Union during the Civil War, and while living in 
Nebraska was a member of the State Legislature. He 
died in 1923. 

His widow, Harriet, moved to Salmon, residing at 
her home on St. Charles Street until her death in 
the early thirties. She was one of the first in the 
northwest to receive insulin for diabetes, shortly 
after insulin was developed in Canada. Stephen and 
Harriet are buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 

— Norma Mahaffey 
— History Committee 

Stephen A., Jr. and Hazel Mulkey 

Stephen A. Mahaffey, Jr. was born at Carlton, 
Nebraska, December 26, 1886. He arrived in the 
Lemhi Valley from Chilicothe, Missouri in 1907. At 
Spring Mountain, south of Gilmore, Idaho he 
engaged in a mining endeavor with his uncle, James 
Sims, a brother of Steve's mother, Harriet Jane 
Sims Mahaffey. He contracted the mail delivery 
between Gilmore and the mining community, living in 
Spring Mountain Canyon and vicinity, and carrying 
the mail on a once a week basis. 

While employed at the mine, he secured a quit 
claim deed to a 160 acre homestead approximately 
one mile south of the Tendoy Store. He continued 
working at the mine during the winter season until 
securing a contract for the construction of the 
switchbacks in Railroad Canyon for the new Gilmore 
and Pittsburg Railroad. After completion of the 
switchbacks, he sub-contracted dirt work on some of 
the railroad approaches and crossings between 
Leadore and Tendoy. All of the dirt work was done 
with road plows, fresno and dump wagon with 
hitches of mules and horses for the power source. 
An interesting history could be written concerning 
the lifestyle of the construction crews who spent 
their weekly working days recovering from the 
"bright lights" of old Junction during their Saturday 
nights and Sundays off work. 

Each contractor had his own source of 
employment through his relationship with the local 
bartenders and saloon owners in Junction where the 
next weeks' crew was procured. Often times the 
employee was not aware he had hired on until he 
awoke in construction camp sometime Sunday 
evening or Monday morning. 

Steve continued improving his homestead until he 
was able to leave the mining and construction 
business and devote full attention to farming. Two 
houses were built on the homestead, one where 
Steve's parents, the Stephen A. Mahaffey, Sr.'s lived. 

After June 14, 1918, the second house became 
home to Stephen A. Jr. and his bride. Hazel Mulkey 
Mahaffey. Hazel was the daughter of William H. and 
Carrie L. Sheets Mulkey, long-time Lemhi County 
residents - from 1887 until Carrie's death in 1953. 
Hazel was born at the family home on the DC bar, 
Lemhi, Idaho, July 19, 1899. The Mulkey family lived 
near Baker, managing the McCormack and Shenon 
ranches from 1902 until 1915, when they moved to 
their own ranch southwest of Tendoy. Will Mulkey 
died in 1941. 

Steve and Hazel purchased and moved to the 
Sharkey Ranch in 1919. This is the site of Fort 
Lemhi and the first irrigation canal in Idaho. 
Constructed by Mormon settlers in 1855, the canal 
is still in use. Mahaffeys dedicated much effort to 
the preservation of the Fort's mud walls, and helped 
make possible the erection of a monument to 
memorialize the first white temporary settlement in 
the State. 

Hazel and Steve loved life in close contact with 
nature devoting a lifetime of hard work to care and 
improvement of their livestock and land. Their 
beginning was with sheep, running four bands for 
more than 35 years, one band summered in the 
Yellowjacket and one in the Moyer Creek allotments. 
They gained well-earned recognition for producing 
high quality wool clips. 

Both received their greatest enjoyment from 
working with livestock, with their principal aim being 
to improve the quality of beef cattle. The Mahaffeys 
raised both registered and commercial Hereford and 
Angus cattle, and were known for the maternal 
genetics and feedlot efficiency of their sizeable 
cattle. The original Purebred Hereford stock came 
from Pickering Farms, Belton, Missouri, in 1936. To 
add purebred Aberdeen Angus to their growing 
commercial herd, they purchased some top-selling 
Eileenmere bred bulls and cows from Penney & 
James, Hamilton, Missouri, in 1950. The commercial 
herds of Hereford and Angus summered on grazing 
allotments administered by the Salmon and 
Beaverhead National Forests and Bureau of Land 
Management lands in Idaho and state-leased lands in 
Idaho and Montana. Previous to the purchase of the 
Montana ranch, cattle were trailed to and from 
leased pastures in both states. 

The Taylor Grazing Act was passed by the U.S. 
Congress to establish management of Public Lands 
not under jurisdiction of the Forest Service. During 
the 1930's, Steve was one of four sheep and cattle 
ranchers from Idaho, along with users from other 
Public Land states, appointed to a special committee 
to review and make recommendations to the 
Department of the Interior for a rewrite of the 
proposed Act. Meetings were held in Washington, 
D.C. Years of time and serious study were given 
public land use and care, which resulted in 


Hazel Mulkey Mahaffey 

Stephen A. Mahaffey, Jr. 

adjudication of qualified grazing priviledges now 
administered by the Bureau of Land Management. 
He was one of the original members of the First 
District Advisory Board. 

By the early 1940's. ranch holdings had expanded 
to five in the Lemhi Valley totaling some 8,000 
acres, and 7,800 acres in the Big Hole Basin, 
Montana. These ranches were entered into a closed 
family corporation known as Mahaffey Livestock 
Incorporated. Steve and Hazel's two children were 
born at the Tendoy home - a daughter. Hazel Jane, 
and a son, Stephen. Stephen A. Mahaffey, Jr. died at 
his Tendoy home July 2, 1953, at the age of 66 

Those that knew him may remember these words: 
When cautioned to slow down and not work so hard 
because there would still be work to do after he was 
gone, his teasing reply was, "No, m'son, I'm going to 
have it all done". 

Due to her natural ability with all livestock, and 
her love of horses. Hazel was a first class 
horsewoman. She was among the earliest 
equestrians to bring the Quarter Horse breed to the 
county. A good horse with plenty of stamina and 

cow sense, followed by a good cowdog, were her 
pride and joy. In November, 1958, she underwent a 
successful open heart operation in San Francisco, 
California, being (at that time) one of the oldest 
patients to have open heart surgery and survive. 
Hazel was visiting her only sister, Pauline Carroll, in 
Oakland, CA at the time of her sudden death. May 4, 
1959. Steve and Hazel Mahaffey are buried in the 
family lot in Salmon Cemetery alongside graves of 
their parents. 

— Norma Mahaffey 

Stephen A. and Norma Richardson 

Steve and Hazel's only son, also known as Steve, 
was married in 1949 to Norma Jean Richardson. Her 
parents were Roy and Karletta Shaffner Richardson. 
They owned the Seventeen Mile Store and Station. 
Karletta passed away in September, 1941 and Roy 
in March, 1942. They are buried in the Salmon 


The young Mahaffeys resided at the home place, 
which was the center of the Mahaffey Livestock, Inc. 
operation. For a number of years, they showed 
award-winning Angus heifers and feeder steer calves 
at the Golden Spike Exposition in Ogden, Utah. Steve 
was active in all local, state, and national livestock 
organizations and is a World War II veteran. He 
served twelve years, six of them as Chairman, on 
the Idaho State Brand Board. He also served on the 
South Lemhi School Board for twenty-one years, 
twelve as Chairman, and is Past-President of the 
Idaho School Board Association. He is a York Rite 
Mason, a Shriner, and Past Grand Master of the 
Grand Lodge of Masons in Idaho. 

While livestock and ranching were his main 
interests, Steve was concerned about a growing 
national demand for water. Along with a few others, 
he became a leader in an early effort to preserve 
Lemhi River water rights, through the formation of 
Lemhi Irrigation District in 1961. After long, 
determined negotiation with the Department of 
Reclamation, they finally managed to secure 
recognition of the duty of water of three inches per 
acre for the Lemhi Valley, instead of the one inch 
per acre that is the usual norm. Lemhi Water District 
was in the forefront in protecting its stream rights 
from pre-emption by other downstream users, 
including irrigation, domestic and industrial uses. 

The Mahaffey family was active in the entire 
community effort to make the Ramsey Mountain 
T.V. Repeater installation in 1958 a reality. 

One of the highlights in Steve's ranching career 
was in 1962 when he visited the Soviet Union as a 
member of an agricultural delegation. As a result of 
that trip, he presented a very informative program 
detailing life in the U.S.S.R. and debunking the 
Communist system. His program of fascinating slides 
and narration has been presented to many listeners 
in Idaho, Montana, and Oregon. He worked in many 
schools, churches, conventions, service clubs, and 
did two T.V. presentations. 

The Tendoy Ranch sold in 1977 and is presently 
being operated as the Mule Shoe Ranch. Steve and 
Norma moved to Lovelock, Nevada, and they still 
maintain their other home near Salmon. 

Their three sons attended the first six grades at 
the Tendoy School. Steve and Kim graduated from 
Leadore High School. 

Stephen A., IV, married Mele Seumalo Orendorf in 
1986, while both were employed at Cyprus Mines in 
Custer County. They now live in Tucson, Arizona 
working for Cyprus Mines operations. Besides their 
daughter Kayla and two stepsons, Dennis and Daniel, 
Steve has two children from an earlier marriage to 
Marlene Aldous, daughter of Leslie and Patricia 
Aldous; a son, Stephen Brent, and a daughter, Tara 

Michael Kim gained his Doctor of Veterinary 

Medicine degree from the College of Veterinary 
Medicine at Washington State University. Kim has a 
veterinary practice at Baker, Oregon, where he and 
his wife, Maryanne Tallman Mahaffey, are 
establishing a home and ranch. Maryanne has a 
Western Outfitters business in Baker. 

Riley Jay graduated from Salmon High School, 
then attended the University of Idaho in Moscow 
where he received his Bachelor of Science degree in 
Civil Engineering. Riley is employed with the City of 
Los Angeles, CA where he resides. 

— Norma Mahaffey 

James E. and Marian Baird Mahoney 

James E. (Jim) Mahoney was born in Albion, Idaho 
in 1897. He attended school there and was enrolled 
at the Academy - later Albion Normal - but enlisted 
and served in World War I. His service was as a 
surgeon's assistant with most of his tour in Paris 
until the Armistice. 

He returned to Cassia County and worked at 
various activities until moving his family to Salmon. 
That choice was dictated by the economy which 
made jobs difficult to find, and the opportunity to 
serve in the CCC was available. 

Marian Baird Mahoney was born in Twin Falls, 
Idaho in 1909. She grew up and attended schools 
there and later went to Albion State Normal where 
she graduated in 1929. She completed her 
education many years later with a degree from 
Dillon, Montana. 

Jim and Marian met when she was teaching in 
Decio, Idaho. After their marriage they lived in Albion 
until they came to Salmon with their daughters, Sue 
and Janet. One year after they came to the Lemhi 
Valley, Jim went to work for the U.S. Forest Service. 
He served in the Indianola district as lookout and 
later as an assistant at the ranger station. Later he 
went to work for the State of Idaho Highway 
Department where he was employed until his 
retirement in 1963. He was a member of the 
American Legion and a Past Exalted Ruler of the Elks 

Jim was a gentle man and a gentleman who 
influenced the lives of his family. His kindness to 
people with whom he came in contact was noticed 
by his children, and passed on to other generations. 

The Mahoneys lived in Salmon, and at the DC bar 
schoolhouse near the present Lemhi Store. Marian 
taught in Lemhi County for thirty-three years, 
twenty-nine of them in Salmon City schools as a 
second grade teacher. She worked as weatherman 
and telephone operator at Indianola for several 
summers. When Jim began work for the Highway 
Dept., she served as assistant fire dispatcher in the 


Salmon Office for nineteen summers. 

In addition to their two daughters, Sue and Janet, 
both born in Albion, a son, Michael, was born in 
Salmon. All three children graduated from Salmon 
High School. 

Sue married Marvell Whiting and lived in Salmon, 
Salt Lake City, UT, Anaheim and Redwood City, CA, 
and Reno, NV. They reared three children, Susan, 
Jim and Vickie, and currently have nine 
grandchildren. Sue works for the State of Nevada 
Welfare Department and lives in Reno. Mervell is 
living in California. 

Daughter Janet married William B. (Bud) Hardy 
and they have lived in or near La Mesa in southern 
California for most of their married lives. They have 
two children. Dale and Diana, and five grandchildren. 
Janet and Bud have retired (in theory) but they 
continue to lead very occupied lives. 

Son Mike married Jennie Ross in Pocatello, and 
they have two sons, Ed and Ken, and five 
grandchildren. Mike works for the Idaho 
Transportation Department as a Data Processing 
Manager and Jennie is a third grade teacher for the 
Meridian School District. They have lived in Boise 
since 1968 when Mike began training. He is an 
ordained minister for the Episcopal Church in 
addition to his secular duties. 

Jim and Marian have seven grandchildren and 
eighteen great-grandchildren. Jim passed away in 
1975, but Marian lives in Salmon. She is a member 
of the American Legion Auxiliary and was a charter 
member of Delta Kappa Gamma. She is a Past Noble 
Grand of Anna Rebekah Lodge #14. 

The Mahoney family has scattered to other parts 
of Idaho and to other states, but Salmon is still 
home to all of us. 

— Michael Mahoney 

Albert Edward Malcolm 

Albert Edward Malcolm 

Albert Edward Malcolm was born March 9, 1924 in 
Salmon, the son of Frank and Bertha Webb Malcolm. 
He attended school in Salmon and Carmen. He was 
named for his two uncles, Albert Hoerchner and 
Edward Butt. After his mother's death in 1931, he 
was mainly brought up by his maternal 
grandparents, Charles and Eva Webb. When he was 
but seventeen he talked his father into signing for 
him to enter the armed forces. In July, 1941 he 
joined the U.S. Navy and served during World War II 
as a gunner on large ships. 

Albert married Myrtle Feefer, May 1, 1943 in 
Baltimore, Maryland. It was one of the many 
shorttime war marriages. A boy called Albert 
Malcolm was born in April, 1944 at Baltimore. 

Albert was discharged in March, 1947 from the 
Navy and returned to Salmon. He worked here 
trapping, cooking, and ranching until 1950 when he 
enlisted in the U.S. Army as a career. He served 
during the Korean War. He sent home many times 
requsting clothing for Koreans. 

On July 6, 1962, he suffered a heart attack while 
stationed in Frankfort, Germany and was flown back 
to the United States. He was discharged as disabled 
July 27, 1962. He had spent twenty years, eight 
months, and three days serving his country. He did 
cook at various cafes parttime after returning to 
Salmon. He was employed at the Smokehouse Cafe 
when he suffered the fatal heart attack, on his day 
off, June 4, 1964. He is buried in the Salmon 

— Wllma Williams 

Charles Henry and Bessie La Verne Lish 

Charles Henry Malcolm was born January 4, 1910 
in a house on Main Street in Salmon. He was the son 
of Frank and Bertha Webb Malcolm and attended 
schools at Iron Creek, Carmen and Salmon. As a boy 
he enjoyed roaming the hills in the area, and his first 
jobs were in ranching and mining, both here and in 
the Big Hole country in Montana. Charley met Bessie 
LaVerne Lish at a dance held at the Geertson house, 
and they were married December 27, 1930 in 
Salmon. Bessie was born July 22, 1914 at Rockland, 
Idaho and came to May, Idaho at age eight with her 
parents, Peter and Eloise Harris Lish. 

Charley and Bessie lived on the Malcolm ranch 
after his mother's death until he became the 
manager of the Riverside (Rat Race) Club. He 
settled his family in a cabin behind the club, but two 
different floods forced them to move to Salmon. The 
second flood was the worst and one of their 


daughters nearly drowned in it. 

Charley would not change occupations to avoid 
being drafted, and was called to serve his country. 
He worked mainly at the Officers' Club in San 
Francisco, and also worked at a steel mill in Oakland 
on his days off. In September, 1945, he returned 
with his family to Salmon. He became a member of 
the Elk's Lodge, then managed their lounge until he 
and his partner (and later son-in-law) Joe Parke built 
the Twenty-Eight Club. They operated it until 1959 
when they sold it to Frank VanMeter. While living at 
the Club, Charley was also the watermaster for 
Geertson Creek. 

From 1954-57, the family lived at Patterson and 
worked for the Ima Mine, managing their Recreation 
Hall. Charley returned to Salmon and worked at a 
local club until he decided to change occupations. 
He worked at Cobalt Mill, the Beam Plant, and then 
Brooklyn School as custodian until his retirement. In 
1960, he and Bessie built a duplex on Shoup Street 
and lived there until Charley died July 14, 1983 in 
Missoula. He is buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 

Bessie worked with Charley either cooking in cafes 
or playing for dances. She has a wonderful ear for 
music, coming from a musical family. She has 
entertained with her piano and accordian in the area 
all her married life, and is still doing so at the 
nursing home and for friends. 

Their four daughters were all born in Lemhi 
County, and they have thirteen grandchildren, all 
born in Salmon. Soon the great-grandchildren will 
number twenty-one. 

Daughter Jean (Romona Vergene) was born in 
1931, married Joseph (Mone) Parke in 1948 at 
Dillon MT. Mone was born at Malta, Idaho in 1916 
and came to Lemhi County in 1937 where he 
worked at mining, ranching, and logging. He served 
in World War II in Germany and still lives in Salmon. 
They had three children: Linda, Charles, and Peter. 

Delila was born in 1933 and married Rulon (Dick) 
Young in 1953 in Salmon. Dick was born at Mackay 
in 1934 and came to Salmon when very young. He 
served in the Army in Georgia from 1952 to 1956. 
Returning to Salmon, he worked in mining and at the 
sawmill and is presently employed at Cypress Mine. 
Their children are Rulon, Jr. and Ty. 

Wilma was born in 1935 and married Conon 
Williams in 1955 at Salmon. Con was a native of 
Kansas, born in 1918, and came to Lemhi County in 
1952. He worked at roofing, siding and painting, and 
did some mining. He served in World War II at 
Guadalcanal, and died in Salmon February 13, 1989. 
Wilma became a nurse in 1964 and still resides in 
Salmon. Their children are Brenda, Brett, Bart, and 

Bessie Mae was born in 1937, and married 
Raymond Hathhorn at Salmon in 1955. Ray was 
born at Cambridge, Idaho in 1934 and came to 

Lemhi County in 1955 to work in the mines. He is 
presently employed by Noranda Mining Co. as a 
building contractor at Cobalt. He served his country 
during the Korean War. Their children are Raymond 
C, Jeff, and Marc. A daughter, Pamela, died in 

The entire Malcolm family loved picnics, camping, 
hunting, fishing, and being together. Charley liked to 
tell stories about his life and family. Their home was 
always full of extra people who were treated kindly. 

— Wilma Williams 

STANDING: Bessie Mae Hathhorn, Wilma Williams, Delila Young, 
Jean Parke SEATED: Bessie Lish Malcolm and Charles H. 
Malcolm, photo about 1963 

Eva May Malcolm 

Eva May Malcolm, daughter of Frank and Bertha 
Webb Malcolm, was born March 5, 1915 at Carmen. 
She attended school at Carmen and on February 26, 
1932 she married Clarence (Cal) McDonald in 
Salmon. He was born July 12, 1907, the son of 
Alfonso and Jessie McLane McDonald. The couple 
made their home on the Malcolm ranch, later 
moving to Salmon where a son, Calvin, was born. 
During World War II, they moved to Portland, Oregon 
where they both worked in the shipyards. During this 
time they divorced. 


Eva May returned to Salmon where she worked at 
the Small Boys Cafe and tried to raise her son. 
Wages were low, so she left Calvin with the 
McDonald grandparents and worked in California, 
then back in Oregon. Later she met Fred Rumbaugh 
and they were married on June 15,1951 at 
Vancouver, Washington. Fred worked as a foreman 
for the Oregon Highway Department in Clatsop 
County for twenty-four years. They lived at Jewell, 

Upon retirement in 1972 they moved to Salmon 
where they bought and remodeled a home. Eva May 
was able to renew old acquaintances and share with 
her family many new recipes and new ways of 
cooking and canning. She was an amateur barber 
and was always willing to cut hair for neighbors and 

They loved fishing, hunting, gardening, and always 
kept busy at it. Fred passed away in 1981 in Oregon, 
and Eva continued her life in Salmon. She died 
September 29, 1983 and they are both buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery. 

Calvin married Idonna Adams in Portland, February 
11, 1955. The family moved to Salmon in August, 
1967. They have three sons; Fred, Robert, and 
James who all live in Salmon now. 

— Wilma Williams 


Eva May Malcolm 

Frank Malcolm and Baby Charles Bertha Webb Malcolm 

Frank and Bertha Webb Malcolm 

Frank Malcolm was born December 21, 1881 at 
Reedy, West Virginia, the son of Samuel Henry and 
Eliza Catherine Stewart Malcolm. He came west in 
1908 with his family to Palouse, Washington. He 
married Bertha Nancy Webb on December 19, 1908 
in Moscow, Idaho and they moved to Lemhi County 
in 1909. Bertha was the daughter of Charles and Eva 
Lang Webb, and was born in Oskaloosa, Kansas on 
March 28, 1888. She was five months old when she 
arrived here in a covered wagon. 

After Frank completed his schooling to become a 
barber, the couple made their home in Salmon, and 
he operated a barber shop in town for a couple of 
years. They moved to Iron Creek where Bertha was 
to teach Frank how to ranch. It was a rough and 
brushy place and lots of real hard work to clear the 
land. Frank's brother, Charlie came to help and was 
the axman. There was some trouble with cattle 
being rustled, but they settled with the rustler 
without involving the law. 

In 1919 they sold the Iron Creek place and moved 
into what was called the railroad house just north of 
Salmon. Bertha was pregnant with her sixth child 
and had been injured in a wagon wreck while 
moving. Then Frank purchased a ranch just north of 
the Carmen Bridge and also property at Wallace 
Creek. They raised cattle and sheep on the lower 
ranch and produce at Wallace Creek. Frank would 
travel by wagon as far as Leadore with produce. 
Watermelon sold then for twenty-five cents each. 
Bertha often joked about how she planted her 
onions close to her potatoes because they had eyes 
to cry and she wouldn't have to water them as 

They bought a new Model T Ford, but Frank 
couldn't get used to not driving it like a team, and 
Bertha had a wreck near the Economy Hotel next to 
the Salmon River Bridge, so this ended their 


automobile days. 

Dances were held at the Carmen School along 
with quilting bees. Bertha would hitch up the team 
and wagon and gather all the young ones and off 
they would go. She quilted and they danced and 
played. She attended school and taught primary 
Sunday School as a young lady there. She was 
supposed to have been able to bake the best 
chocolate cake and sour cream biscuits in the area. 

In 1930, Bertha became ill with cancer and died 
March 5, 1931 in the hospital at Butte, MT. Frank 
was lost without her and never married again 
because nobody could take her place or looked as 
beautiful to him. Frank sold the ranch later and 
worked at ranching, mining, sheepherding and 
yardwork for others. 

He loved to tease and was very proud of his 
family. They had eight children; Charles, Fred, Frank, 
Eva May, Lee, Marjorie, Eugene and Albert. All spent 
most of their lives here except Frank and Eugene 
who died young. Frank, Sr. died after a series of 
strokes on August 27, 1972. He and Bertha are 
buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 

— Wilma Williams 

Fredrick Clarence Malcolm 

Fredrick Clarence Malcolm 

Fred Malcolm was born in Salmon on June 16, 
1913, the son of Frank and Bertha Webb Malcolm. 
When he was only four months old he won a baby 
contest at the Lemhi County Fair and received a 
certificate. He grew up in the area learning mining 
and ranching, and was educated in schools at 
Carmen and Salmon. He treasured the time he spent 
with his Aunt Fay in Montana while growing up. 

On February 19, 1934 he married Evelyn Kirk, 
stepdaughter of Chris Nielson. Chris owned and 
operated a large ranch at Baker, Idaho. Fred was 
working at the Nielson ranch when their first child, a 
girl, was stillborn. She is buried in the Salmon 
Cemetery. Later Fred went into mining in the area 
and a son, Edward, was born to them. 

During World War II, they moved to Mullan, Idaho 
to mine, but Fred's allergies forced them to move 
back to Salmon. They bought a ranch up Sandy 
Creek. Fred was always a very serious rancher. While 
living there, they lost Edward at age 17 in a car 
accident near the Hughes Creek Ranger Station. 
Then things grew bad in the marriage. 

Fred married Charlotte (Jo) Nielson next and they 
operated two ranches on Sandy Creek until 
retirement. One ranch sold in 1971 and the other in 
1974. They made their home in Salmon and spent 
some winters in Arizona. Fred suffered with lung 
problems, but Jo was very devoted in caring for him. 
He died January 22, 1987, and Jo still resides in 

— Wilma Williams 

Lawrence Malcolm 


Lawrence Malcolm 

Lawrence Malcolm was born in Reedy, West 
Virginia on April 30, 1891, the son of Samuel Henry 
and Eliza Catherine Stewart Malcolm. He moved as a 
young man with his parents to Palouse, Washington. 
He never married. In 1934, he came to the Salmon 
Valley where his brother Frank and family lived, and 
he remained here the rest of his life. He was 
engaged in ranching and mining. 

He was forced to retire after an accident in which 
a team of horses ran away with him. Frank and 
Lawrence both had speech impediments, an 
infliction that had been passed down in the family 
for two centuries. In Lawrence's later years, he took 
great pleasure in his brother's great grandchildren. 
Lawrence died August 31, 1969 and is buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery. 

— Wilma Williams 

After Lee and Ella ended their marriage, Ella 
married Les Vezina. When he died, she married Andy 
Anderson and they live at Clayton, Idaho. Ella had 
two children with Les Vezina named Susan and 

Lee married Pearl Hibbs Morris at Elko, Nevada on 
July 10, 1957. She was born September 24, 1924, 
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Hibbs. She 
was brought up at Carmen and attended school 
there. The Hibbs and their six children moved to 
Butte, Montana, but Pearl came back to Lemhi 
County in 1956 and lived with her sister Dorothy 
Brown at Patterson. When Lee and she were 
married, she had one daughter by a previous 
marriage, Sharon Morris. 

Lee died on January 29, 1973 in a farm accident 
in which his coveralls evidently got caught in the 
power takeoff of a tractor. He is buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery. Pearl died November, 1985 in 
Idaho Falls and was cremated and buried in the 
same plot with Lee. 

LeVane and Ella Pugh Malcolm 

LeVane (Lee) Malcolm was born September 11, 
1917 at Salmon and spent most of his life in Lemhi 
County. He attended schools at Carmen and 
Salmon. On July 25, 1943 he married Ella Adell Pugh 
at Superior, Montana after they eloped. Ella was 
born November 23, 1924, the daughter of James 
Franklin and Ella Crippen Pugh, and she grew up at 

Lee did not serve in the armed forces during World 
War II because of an injured trigger finger. This 
always bothered him, as he loved his country. About 
1944 he suffered the loss of an eye while working on 
a ranch at Leadore. A piece of hay or straw 
damaged the eye beyond repair. 

Lee worked at various ranches in the area and did 
mining for a short time at Mullan, Idaho. Then he 
spent several years working for the Ima Mine at 
Patterson, Idaho. His last employment was with the 
Intermountam Company's Beam Plant in Salmon 
after the Patterson mine closed. At different times 
Lee ran traplines in various parts of the county. 
These traps were metal and were placed in the 
water so the animals drowned instantly when 
caught. He trapped muskrats and once in awhile 
there would be a mink. As we grew up I remember 
watching Uncle Lee skin the animals and stretch 
them on the wire frames for drying. 

Lee and Ella had one son, Richard Lee, born April 
3, 1944 in Salmon. He went to school in Patterson, 
Leadore, Sandy Creek and Salmon. On September 
11, 1965 he married Charlotte McConnaghy, 
daughter of Johnny and lona Nielson McConnaghy. 
They had three children, Les, Cheri, and Chad and 
still reside in Salmon. 

Wilma Williams 

LeVane (Lee) Malcolm 

John Manfull 

John Manfull married a widow, Marion Crouch 
Goodell. She had four children from her previous 
marriage: Bert. Byron, Floyd and Laura. The Manfull 
children that they had together were: Gardner, Roy, 
Ruth and Rose. 

Roy was killed in France in World War II. Gardner 
married Dora Schultz and they lived most of their 
lives in Laramie, Wyoming. Gardner was an engineer 
for the Wyoming Highway Department. They had 
three children: Donna, who died as a young child; 
Colleen and Duane. 


Rose Manfull married Richard Shoup and lived in 
the Salmon area. They had two children, Dick and 
Elizabeth. Ruth married Chet Rowe. and they had 
three children: Virginia and William, and a boy who 
was lost in a drowning accident. 

— History Committee 

Stephen Gardner and Naomi Sandras 
Emmons Manfull 

Stephen Gardner Manfull was born on August 3, 
1839 to Charles Manfull and Elizabeth Ann Elvin. 
They were living in Carroll County, Ohio at the time 
of his birth and it is there that young Stephen grew 
into manhood. 

Stephen, over six feet tall, slim and darkly 
handsome joined the Union Army and fought in the 
Civil War. He served honorably for four years and 
eight months. When the war was over he returned to 
his parent's home with the noticeable change of his 
dark hair being snow white. He would never talk of 
the time he spent in the war, but he blamed his 
rapid change of hair color on the things he 
experienced during the war. 

With the end of the war and the restless feelings 
that often followed Stephen and the majority of his 
family, he decided to travel. They traveled north to 
Winona County, Minnesota. Here in a city called 
Pleasant Hill, Stephen met and married his lifetime 
companion, Naomi Emmons. 

He first saw her while she was hanging up the 
family wash. She was living with her parents, John 
and Elizabeth Emmons, in a large white farmhouse, 
known in the area as the Emmons Homestead. She 
was very tiny and young Stephen was instantly 
attracted to her. They were married on November 8 
1866. and spent the first few years of their married 
life in Minnesota. 

Their first three children were born there: John 
Charles on November 1, 1867; Thomas Atwood on 
March 21, 1870; and James Earnest on May 18, 
1873. Stephen and Naomi and the three boys 
headed west about 1875. They began the long trek 
in a covered wagon, not really knowing their 
destination, only knowing that they would find their 
home somewhere in the west. 

The Manfull Family - FRONT ROW: James, Stephen G., Mary 
Olive, Naomi Emmons, Melvin, and Edward. BACK ROW: Susie, 
John C, and Sadie. 


They passed through Logan, Utah and stopped for 
a spell, but the rumors of gold and a better future in 
the Salmon River country of Idaho drove them on 
north. The journey to Salmon, again in the covered 
wagon, was mostly uneventful until they arrived at 
Birch Creek. Here they came on several smoldering 
wagons that had been stripped of all food and useful 
items. The families traveling in the wagons had all 
been killed. Stephen, Naomi and the boys buried the 
families and then continued on their way. 

They arrived in the Salmon area sometime in 
1877, and settled on a ranch owned by a man 
named Morgan. The ranch was located south of 
Salmon and at the present it is owned by the 
Goodell family. They lived there for several years 
and during that time three more children were born: 
Sarah on December 25, 1877; Susie on January 29, 
1880; and Edward on June 19, 1882. 

On February 19, 1889, they homesteaded 160 
acres just four miles south of Salmon (now known as 
the William Clark ranch). It was here that the last 
three Manfull children were born: Flora on November 
9, 1884; Mel on May 25, 1886; and Mary Olive on 
February 16, 1890. Flora died here when she was 
about three years old. 

They all worked hard on the homestead, building it 
up each year by purchasing more land. Times were 
hard and in an effort to provide a good life for his 
family, Stephen had to borrow money for groceries 
which were purchased at the Shoup Store. He was 
employed at a sawmill for wages of fifty cents a 
week by the uncle of the late Murd McNicoll. Naomi 
and the children ran the ranch and in time through 
the efforts of the entire family their debts were paid. 

The children were all able to attend school with 
most of them getting the majority of their education 
in a little log schoolhouse called the Four Mile 
School. As time went on, all of the older children 
married and Stephen and Naomi felt that the time 
had come to retire from ranching so they sold the 
homestead to a man named Adams. They bought 
some land on the bar just north of the courthouse. 
There was a small log cabin situated on the property 
(it is still there across the street from Dr. Johnson's 
home), and the remaining family lived in the cabin 
until they were able to finish their new home on 

Mel and Olive lived in the new house and finished 
their schooling in Salmon. Stephen and Naomi were 
always affectionately called Uncle Steve and Aunt 
Nome by the residents of Salmon. Stories have been 
told of their willingness to tend to the neighbor's 
garden, canning and sorting the produce. The fruits 
of their labors would be waiting for the neighbor 
upon their return to Salmon. Uncle Steve was a 
devoted reader, especially of the Bible. It was told 
that he wore out several Bibles and that he was 
often relied upon by the local clergy for scriptural 


The Manfull children fondly remember Mama and 
Papa sitting in matching rocking chairs, Naomi 
knitting and Stephen with his eyes closed, rocking 
continually to the hymns his children were playing 
and singing. Mary Olive played the organ, Ed the 
mandolin, and Mel the guitar. 

Stephen bore a strong resemblance to "Uncle 
Sam". He stood six feet two inches and was straight 
as a rod. He marched in most all of the parades, and 
participated in most patriotic events. According to 
family lore, he was the first man to carry the 
American flag down Salmon's Main Street . . . and he 
did so in spite of threats by unknown antagonists. He 
did not aspire to being noticed nor at any time did 
he like to draw attention to himself. He never 
dressed the part of "Uncle Sam", and yet he was 
sure to be pointed out as "Uncle Sam". 

Naomi stood under five feet tall and it was said 
that she could walk under her husband's 
outstretched arm without messing up her hair. She 
was quiet, loyal and always willing to serve her 
family, her friends, and the stranger on the street. 
Naomi died August 8, 1920, and five months later on 
January 9, 1921 Stephen joined her. They and most 
of their children are buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 

— Leanne Moyes 

Jess and Ivy Shaw Mann 

Jess and Ivy Shaw Mann came from Weiser, Idaho 
to Gibbonsville and then lived on Fourth of July 
Creek. Jess is buried there. 

Ivy Mann later lived in Salmon and married Bert 
Walker. She ran a cafe in Salmon for several years 
and is buried in the Salmon Cemetery. Her children 
were: Clarrisia Mann Lambeth, Lavona Mann Hibbs 
Grey of Santa Cruz, California, Lavina Mann Gutzman 
of Salmon, Josephine Mann Lee of St. Maries, and 
Maxine Mann Bowen of Salmon. 

— Helen Hoagland 

Jack and Jean Martinson Marchand 

Jack Marchand was born November 1, 1922 in 
Duluth, Minnesota. His parents, Robert and Erna 
Marchand, were descendants of the first French 
families to settle in Canada in the early 1600's. 

Jack spent most of his childhood on a farm in 
Homestead, Florence County, Wisconsin. After high 
school, he was a forestry clerk in the Nicollet 
National Forest, and a member of the Minnesota 
State Guard. He joined the army in 1942 and served 
eighteen months in the Aleutian Islands. He 


At Voyageurs National Park in Minnesota - the Marchands, Jim, 
John, Jean, and Jack, 1961. 

Jim and John are alumni of the College of St. 
Thomas in St. Paul. Jim is married to Penny 
Bergstrom of Cokato, Minnesota. They live in 
Liberty, Missouri. Two of their three children were 
valedictorians of Liberty High School and scholarship 
recipients. The third, Andrew, is a part-time college 
student. Noelle has her BA from the University of 
Missouri, and Adam is a freshman. John is married 
to Jeanette Anderson and lives in Rosemount, 

Jack and Jean bought the Broken Arrow in 1973 
and lived in Gibbonsville for 16 years. They live now 
in the Perreau Creek area. Jean has done the 
Reader's Roundup spot on KSRA for fourteen years. 
She writes about new books in the Salmon Public 
Library. Jack has done volunteer work for the 
Salmon School District using his knowledge of 

volunteered for the paratroops, was trained in Fort 
Benning, Georgia, and joined the 517th Special 
Airborne Battalion, part of the 17th Airborne 
Division, in the European Theater of Operations. The 
517th jumped across the Rhine in early 1945, fought 
their way to Munster, and returned to split the Ruhr 
pocket in half. 

Jean Martinson, born September 14, 1922 in 
Minneapolis, was the first child of Albin and Claire 
Smith Martinson, whose childhood homes were in 
Aurora, Florence County, Wisconsin. Her 
grandparent's farm became her father's in 1932. 
Her four grandparents were immigrants who arrived 
in the Upper Peninsula in the 1880's from Sweden, 
England, and Austria-Hungary. They bought forested 
land in Wisconsin to make into farms and settled 
down two miles apart. 

Jack and Jean attended country schools five miles 
apart, but they went to the same high school. After 
graduation. Jack left Aurora for Minnesota when his 
parents moved and Jean entered Wisconsin State 
College in Oshkosh. She was graduated in 1944. The 
next year, she taught English and Speech in the high 
school in Florence, Wisconsin. 

In 1945, Jack and Jean were married in 
Minneapolis. Their sons, James and John, were born 
in that city a year apart. In 1949, the State of 
Minnesota offered $300 to veterans to use as down 
payments on new homes. The Marchand's new 
home was in Ramsey County near St. Paul. Jack, his 
father, and his brother had a roofing business after 
the war for ten years. After that. Jack worked as an 
insurance agent for many years. 

Jean began teaching in 1953. For several summers 
she worked on her degree in Elementary Education 
and in 1961, was graduated from the University of 
Minnesota. She taught in the suburban Mounds View 
District for 20 years. During that time, she trained 
several student teachers from St. Cloud State. 

— Jean Marchand 

Peter Marcussen 

Peter Marcussen was born in Denmark in 1869, 
the son of a respected and well-to-do family. As a 
young man, he and his brother Ewer Marcussen, 
were sent by their father to America to buy livestock 
for the family operation. However, on the ship 
coming over the Atlantic, the young men became 
drunk, got in a card game and lost their father's 
money. Humiliated by their misfortune, they never 
returned home. 

They made their way west to Missoula, Montana, 
and were naturalized as United States citizens. Pete 
came to Salmon from Missoula in 1909 and began 
employment as a foreman on construction of the G 
& P Railroad. 

After the railroad construction ended, he worked 
as maintenance foreman for the Shenon Land 
Company. He was an excellent farmer and raised 
potatoes. He earned big money from potatoes but 
lost it all when the price of potatoes crashed. He 
was later employed by Fred Brough at the Salmon 
Hot Springs. 

His brother Ewer also moved to Lemhi County. He 
suffered terrible misfortune. Ewer was drinking and 
passed out in the cold above Leadore. He was found 
half frozen and it was necessary for Dr. Hanmer to 
saw off one leg at an "emergency operating room" 
cabin table top. Ewer became despondent and the 
last information found regarding him is in the 
Salmon paper of June 30, 1922, which simply reads, 
"Ewer Marcussen, who attempted suicide a few 
months ago by shooting himself through the only 
good eye he had, by aiming a pistol at his temple, 
died June 27th from said wound". He was laid to 
rest, presumably, in the Salmon City Cemetery, 
having never returned to his homeland in Denmark. 


Pete, in his later life, lived with his close friend, 
Murd McPherson for several years. Later he lived at 
the Fred H. Snook property in a rental home, where 
he was a handyman, taking care of various chores 
and repairs. 

He loved children and was a very kind, gentle man. 
Often, he would read aloud books of the Old West 
and such heroes as Buffalo Bill, Kit Carson, etc. 
would capture the complete attention of the young 
boys in the neighborhood. 

In his last illness, he moved to the Silbaugh Care 
Home on East Main before passing away on 
September 30, 1953. 

A small headstone marks his final resting place at 
the Salmon City Cemetery. His life was an example 
of those immigrants who found their way to Lemhi 
County, and once here, remained until death. His 
was a life totally changed by a fateful event. He 
never returned to his beloved Denmark and with no 
immediate family, his life and friendship are 
remembered by only a few today. 

— Fred H. Snook 



Peter Marcussen and five-year-old Fred Hamilton Snook 

Charles A. and Amy Stine Marshall 

Charles Marshall was born October 21, 1881 in 
Lincolnshire, England and came to America as a 
small child. His family settled in Iowa, and when 
Charles was seventeen years old the family came 
west settling on Bohannon Creek. His father was 
employed by the Pabst Brewing Company. Charles 
later took over the job, involving mining and 

Charles and Amy Stine were married in Salmon on 
May 29. 1905. Amy was born August 10, 1885 to 
Elza and May Stobie Stine and they lived on Kirtley 
Creek. Her father was killed in a snowslide on 
Agency Creek on December 23, 1892, while he was 
hauling freight with Joe Cockrell and Al Bilger. 

Charles and Amy Marshall were the parents of 
seven children: Jack, Elza, Annie Marshall DeCora, 
Charles Walter, Helen Marshall Jensen, Fred, and 
Alberta Marshall Turner. 

■Veria Marshall 

Charles Walter Marshall 

Charles Walter Marshall was born April 17, 1911 to 
Charles Albert and Amy Stine Marshall. He was born 
at his aunt's home in Salmon, Idaho, where the 
Shady Nook is now located. As a child, he got fairly 
heavy and his father began calling him a "beer- 
bellied Dutchman". Since that time, he has been 
known as "Dutch". 

Dutch was the fourth in a family of seven children: 
Jack, Elza, Annie (DeCora), Charles, Helen, Freddie, 
and Alberta. His father operated a threshing 
machine throughout the Lemhi Valley and was often 
gone for two or three months, so the children took 
care of the ranch chores. They ran two ranches up 
Bohannon Creek - one belonged to the Pabst Blue 
Ribbon Beer Company. Though Dutch enjoyed 
school, and was especially good at math, he had to 
quit in the ninth grade to help on the ranch. He and 
Elza were working partners, and often worked the 
teams of horses together. By the time they were 
twelve or fourteen, they could handle six or eight 
team hitches. 

His best friends were his brothers and sisters and 
the Schofield and England kids, who were their 
closest neighbors. 

When Dutch was in his early twenties, he began 
freighting groceries, lumber, and camp supplies to 
the Ranger Mine up Geertson Creek. It took eight to 
ten head of horses, depending on the size of the 
load, to pull the supplies up the steep grade. Often 
the snow on the side of the road was seven to eight 
feet deep. Later, he bought a small TD22 Caterpillar, 
which he used to help level the ground for the 
building of the Steele Memorial Hospital. He also 
hired out for about eight years at the Cobalt Mines. 

In 1932, he married Myrtle Erma Poulsen, the 
daughter of William and Lola Sharp Poulsen, who 
had moved from Grace, Idaho to farm near Salmon. 
He and Myrtle were the parents of four children: 
Betty, who died in infancy; Jean born in 1936; 
Charles William born in 1938; and Leo Ray born in 
1945. Myrtle died in April, 1946 from complications 
following surgery, and was buried in Salmon. 


In 1950, he married Lillian Blood who had four 
children from a previous marriage. Their first child, a 
girl, died at birth. Bob was born in 1954. Lillian 
passed away in 1958 and is buried in Salmon. 

In 1961, Dutch married Elizabeth Mayne, known as 
Peggy. Peggy had a daughter from a previous 
marriage. In 1962, a son, Jerry, was born. Peggy 
was born in 1932 in St. Anthony, Idaho, but was 
raised in Soda Springs. She has spent the last 
several years cooking for the Senior Citizens. Peggy 
is a talented cake decorator, and enjoys making 
beautiful crocheted and knitted items. 

For the last eight years, Dutch has been employed 
by the Schlehubers as a caretaker for their ranch 
and condominium. 

— Information fronn Dutch and Peggy Marshall 

— Phoebe Bird 
— Veria Marshall 

Leo Ray and Verla Fike Marshall 

Leo Ray Marshall, the son of Charles (Dutch) and 
Myrtle Poulsen Marshall was born on August 8, 1945. 
After the death of his mother in 1946, Leo lived with 
relatives until his father remarried in 1951. When his 
stepmother died in 1958, he went to live with his 
aunt and uncle, Kester and Wanda Cockrell. 

In October 1962, while attending Salmon High 
School, he met Verla Lee Fike, daughter of Rose 
Eleanor Munkres and Walter Vern Fike. They were 
married on March 12, 1965 at Casabello Estates, now 
Salmon Valley Care Center. To this union four 
children were welcomed: Eric Paul in 1969, Jennifer 
Lee in 1975, Urian Sean in 1981, and Charles 
Anthony in 1984. 

In 1967, they moved to Twin Falls so Leo could 
attend the College of Southern Idaho. While there he 
was employed by OK Tire, KEEP radio and Everton 
Mattress Factory. In 1976 the family moved to Boise 
to manage a store for Everton's, then back to Twin 
Falls, then to Portland, Oregon in 1979. In 1980 they 
were living in Aloha, Oregon and were able to see 
Mt. St. Helens when it erupted, and to experience 
the ash fall. 

In 1981, they returned to Salmon. In 1982, Leo 
started work at KSRA radio as sales manager and 
announcer. Since that time he has been very active 
in the community. He has served on the Chamber of 
Commerce Board and was President during 1985. 
He has been a member of the Merchant's 
Committee, serving as president in 1986 and 1990, 
and has served in many church positions in the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. 

Verla was employed as Ward Clerk at Magic Valley 
Memorial Hospital while living in Twin Falls, and she 
has been a dental assistant at Dr. Richard Young's 
office for four years. She has also provided child 

care in her home for most of their married life. She 
has served in many areas in the Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter Day Saints, but basically in the 

— Verla Marshall 

Arch riding Chief at the Isley Ranch on Tower Creek about 1972. 

Archie Albert Marsing 

The caption on the obituary in the Recorder- 
Herald read "Archie A. Marsing, 71, Dies". The 
article that followed gave the facts about his life, but 
there were things to add. He was a figure from the 
"Old West", and it was fitting that one of the songs 
sung at the funeral was My Heroes Have Always 
Been Cowboys. Almost everyone who really knew 
him would agree that there was little he didn't know 
about horses. It was often said that he seemed to 
"speak horse". Then there were the polo ponies 
that George Oliver brought from South America for 
Arch to train. He had a terrible time with them until 
he figured out that they didn't understand English. 
After learning a few key Spanish phrases, he had no 
more trouble. When there was a horse that no one 
could do anything with, it was usually brought to 
Arch, and returned to the owner a real gentleman. 
Arch had a reputation in some circles for being 
awfully hard on animals, perhaps because he almost 
never got one to work with that wasn't a real 

When a friend or neighbor needed help with an 
animal, whether it was sickness, injury, or a difficult 
foaling, Arch was there to help if asked. He didn't 
intrude unless he was asked. When Arch worked, he 
worked hard, and when he drank, he drank hard, but 
the two seldom mixed. His "baby sister Annabelle" 
(as he often referred to her) said, "He was well 
known for horse breaking and packing for the Forest 


Service. He used to have two pack strings going and 
never slept except in the saddle." 

As a young man, Arch was sometimes known as 
Big Arch, perhaps for his stature or perhaps for his 
booming voice. He married more than once and had 
seven children. They are: Jenestia Weeks, Cheerie 
Lynn Anthony, Alice Bliss, Royein Stanley, and 
Douglas, Lyie, and Jim Marsing. 

Archie A. Marsing was born July 25, 1909 at 
Whiterocks, Utah on the Uintah Indian Reservation. 
His parents were Hyrum and Alice Thayne Marsing of 
Utah. His father was a freighter and Arch often told 
of driving the freight team when he was only about 
nine years old and so small that he had to stand 
with all his weight on the brake to hold the wagon 
on the downhill grades. 

At an early age he moved, with his parents to 
Lemhi County. They lived in various places, seeming 
to be almost always on the move, from Utah to the 
Salmon area, to the Pahsimeroi, to the Big Hole in 
Montana. Everything including the milk cows went 
along. Arch had eight sisters and brothers. 

He enlisted in the U.S. Army during World War II 
and served in the South Pacific, where he was 
seriously wounded. He spent about a year in a 
military hospital and it was doubtful for some time 
that he would ever walk again, let alone ride a horse. 
Of course he did recover, and after being discharged 
he returned to Salmon and his occupation as packer 
and guide. He worked for several years for the 
Forest Service before engaging in the fast-growing 
outfitters and guides industry. Born with intelligence 
and with experience as a teacher he became an 
expert horseman and one of the most well known 
packers and guides in the Idaho wilderness. 

He guided for The Flying B in the Middle Fork for a 
number of years and then worked for Mike Loening. 
Arch became foreman of the Twin Peaks Guest 
Ranch and ran Mike Loening's hunting camps. After 
the sale of the Twin Peaks Ranch he worked for 
Mike Isley as a packer and guide on Tower Creek. 
While there he was injured when a horse fell on him, 
crushing his chest, and he was no longer able to 
work as he always had. Arch and Myrtle lived for 
awhile on a small place at Rattlesnake Creek where 
he could have his animals, and later on they lived at 
the old Achord place north of Gibbonsville. 
Eventually they moved to their place in Salmon and 
his health continued to deteriorate. Living in town 
was never his choice. 

Arch was a good friend to those he liked and a 
thorn in the side to those he didn't. He had some 
rough edges, but a hard life leaves rough edges. 
Archie Albert Marsing died at Steele Memorial 
Hospital on June 16, 1981 and was buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery. 

Hyrum and Alice Thayne Marsing 

Hyrum and Alice Thayne Marsing first came to the 
Salmon area in 1899 from Utah. They lived at 
Ulysses and Hyrum was engaged in packing powder 
to the mine. After a few years they returned to Utah 
where their son Arch was born at Whiterocks, Utah 
on July 25, 1909. There were nine children in all: 
Arch, Horace, Ella, Lila, Belva (died in infancy), Eva, 
Vivian, Annabelle, and Oliver. In the early 1920's the 
family returned to Lemhi County and bought the old 
Spayd/Winn Ranch below Indianola. Hyrum was a 
rancher, horseman and packer. At one time he had 
hauled freight into Thunder Mountain, and had 
helped build the irrigation canals at Mountain Home 
and Nampa. 

Annabelle was born in Salmon on March 15, 1924 
and lived on the ranch as a youngster. She 
described her father as a nomad who couldn't stay 
in one place very long. She said her mother raised 
the children in a wagon and at times Annabelle 
thought it was pretty terrible, because every time 
she made friends somewhere, they moved on. In an 
interview some years ago she said, "I recall a 
woman who lived way down past Shoup who made 
her living trapping and I knew Hacksaw Tom well. We 
kids all rode horseback to school down at Shoup", ( 
while living at the Spayd/Winn Ranch). 

After about three years there, they packed up and 
moved to the Pahsimeroi where the children went to 
school at Hooper, about five miles above May. 

From the Pahsimeroi they went in three wagons 
and a white-topped buggy to the Big Hole in 
Montana. They took everything they had along, 
including the milk cows and traveled the old road 
into the Big Hole from Gibbonsville. They spent the 
next five years or so in various places in the Big 
Hole. After returning to Lemhi County, Hyrum 
worked for many of the ranchers in the Salmon area 
over the years. 

In 1943 Hyrum Marsing died in Utah at the age of 
seventy-nine. Alice Marsing died in Salmon in 1949. 

Annabelle was married to Bill Watson for about ten 
years, but they were divorced in 1972. Ella married 
a Justice and they lived in Utah. Lila married Frank 
Rutherford of Salmon. Eva married Thurston 
McCracken and lived in Salmon. Vivian married Earl 
Bohannon of Salmon. Arch married several times, 
his last wife being Myrtle Reynolds Marsing who still 
lives in the Salmon area. There are many 
descendants of Alice and Hyrum Marsing still living in 
Lemhi county. 

— History Committee 

— IHistory Committee 





Donald Martin at Boyle Creek about 1915 

Donald Embley and Florence Ryan 

Donald Embley Martin was born February 18, 1895 
in Parkville, Michigan, the son of Daniel G. and 
Margaret Embley Martin. His father died when he 
was five years old, and his mother later married 
Frank Baer, a Boyle Creek rancher, when Donald 
was eleven. His uncle, Erie Embley, also owned a 
ranch there. 

He received elementary schooling at the Boyle 
Creek School and attended school until about the 
tenth grade, when he began to work full-time on the 
ranch. He entered the U.S. Army June 3, 1917 at 
Fort George Wright, Washington and served during 
World War I overseas in the Battle of the Musse 
Argonne in France as a dispatch courier. He was 
discharged June 21, 1919 at Fort D.A. Russell, 
Wyoming. He then returned to the Boyle Creek 

Don was elected Lemhi County Sheriff in 1922 and 
served one term, until 1926. 

On November 23, 1922 he married Florence 
Isabelle Ryan in Salmon. They moved to Alaska in 
1927, where he was appointed Deputy U.S. Marshal, 
stationed at Skagway and Juneau. They then 

returned to the ranch in 1933 and made that their 
home until 1950. When the ranch was sold, he 
moved to Salmon and worked in the State Liquor 

Don Martin was elected Lemhi County Probate 
Judge in 1952 and held that position until 1959. He 
retired because his hearing was failing, and he said 
he worried he would miss something and felt he 
should step down. 

Judge Martin wrote for gun and outdoor 
magazines. His first publication was in 1917 and he 
was the gun editor for the "Western Sportsman" 
from 1950 until 1957. He kept very busy with his 
large garden and his interest in guns. The Judge 
owned a fine gun collection, made his own 
ammunition, and was never too busy to help a 

He was a member of the Odd Fellows, Rocky 
Mountain Lodge 5; the Lemhi Encampment 16; 
American Legion, Lloyd Shaw Post 67; Rotary; and 
the National Rifle Association. 

Florence Isabelle Ryan was born May 12. 1893 in 
Spokane, Washington, the daughter of Jeremiah and 
Clara Jones Ryan. At age five, the family moved to 
Butte, Montana, where she graduated from Butte 
High School in 1912. She graduated from Montana 
Normal at Dillon in 1914 and did post graduate work 
at the University of Montana. She taught school in 
Montana from 1914 until 1917 and first came to 
Lemhi County during construction of the G & P 
Railroad. Her father, Jerry Ryan, was construction 
foreman for the Great Northern on that project. She 
taught in Salmon from 1917 to 1920, then at 
Blackfoot. In 1921 she attended Idaho Normal 
School at Albion. 

In 1922, she was appointed Superintendent of 
Lemhi County Schools and had an office in the 
Lemhi County Courthouse. Each school year she 
visited every school throughout the county. At this 
time she met and married Donald Martin, Lemhi 
County Sheriff. They had no children. 

In 1922, she was a candidate for Lemhi County 
Superintendent of Schools, and he was a candidate 
for Lemhi County Sheriff, with both being elected. 

Her teaching career covered a span of over forty 
years. For many years, she taught first grade at the 
Brooklyn School where she is remembered by this 
author as being a very capable, beloved teacher. 
She retired in 1962 and passed away in April, 1972, 
survived by her husband and her sister, Marie 
Mulcare of Salmon. 

Judge Martin died September 24, 1974 of cancer 
and is buried in the Salmon Cemetery. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Martin contributed greatly to the growth of 
Lemhi County, and they will long be remembered for 
their kind deeds. 

— Fred Snook 


Everett and Lila Auwen Martonen 

Everett John Martonen was born at Gwinn, 
Michigan on September 17, 1917. He grew up there, 
the middle child of five children born to Thomas and 
Evalina Krekila Martonen who had immigrated from 

Everett worked in the iron ore mines, for the CCC, 
and in the woods before being inducted into the 
U.S. Army. During World War II, copper was needed 
for the war effort, and the Army put volunteers Into 
the Reserves if they would work in the mines at 
Butte, Montana. Everett volunteered in 1943 to mine 
and was there until July, 1945, when the Army 
recalled him as a Military Policeman. 

Lila Lee Auwen was born at New Castle, Oklahoma 
on January 13, 1925. Her parents were August John 
and Mary Fisher Auwen. She had an older brother, 
Bryan Leroy, and a younger brother. Gene A. Auwen. 
In June, 1937 they moved to Montana. She married 
James Feucht in Missoula in December, 1939, and 
they were the parents of Sharon Rae. They divorced 
in November, 1942 at Poison, Montana. 

Everett Martonen and Lila met in Butte and were 
married there on December 4, 1943. Their daughter 
Carolyn Joyce was born on October 16, 1944. 

When Everett went back into the Army, Lila and 
the girls moved to her mother's ranch at Kriley 
Gulch. Her mother's husband, Stan, was in the Army 
also. Lila's brother Bryan was in the Navy. Gene and 
his wife, Bonnie, and son lived at the ranch helping 
Gene's mother. In the fall, Lila and her mother 
worked at the Smokehouse Cafe for Henry Benson. 

Gene and Bonnie kept the Martonen's girls until the 
spring when Lila went to Deseret, Utah to be with 
Everett. He was discharged from the Army in May, 
1946 at Salt Lake City, Utah. They spent the 
summer of 1946 on Bear Trap Lookout. Everett then 
drove school bus until he went to work for Miller 

Another daughter, Marty Jean, was born on 
January 3, 1947. Gary Dean, their son, was born 
February 17, 1949. 

Everett worked for the Forest Service, Cobalt 
Mine, and on road construction running heavy 
equipment. In early 1962 he went to work for the 
City of Salmon and retired from there in 1979. 

They moved to their present home on North St. 
Charles in July, 1948. The Lemhi River flooded their 
house in January, 1962 and they had to build a new 
house after it passed. 

Gary and Carolyn and their families live in Salmon. 
Sharon and Marty live in Washington. Mary Feucht, 
Lila's mother, lives on Bryan Avenue in Salmon. Her 
brother, Bryan, his wife and son, Bryan, Jr., live at 
Coeur d'Alene, and his daughter, Ruth, lives in 
Gilroy, California. Another daughter, Gretchen, lives 
in Pocatello. 

Lila's brother. Gene, died on November 12, 1965 

FRONT ROW: Marty Martonen, Gretchen Auwen, Dorothy Auwen 
holding Lori Lynn Haslett, Ruth Auwen, Mary Feucht, Carolyn 
Haslett, Lila Martonen, Sharon holding Shane Howard, Mary Ann 
Auwen. BACK ROW: Bryan Auwen, Sr., Bryan L. Auwen, Jr., Gary 
Martonen, Roy Auwen, Cody Haslett being held by Bob Haslett, 
Everett Martonen, and Gene A. Auwen, Sr. (1964) 



in Salmon. His son, Gene, Jr., lives at Nampa. Roy 
and daughter Mary Ann live in Salmon. August John 
Auwen, Lila's father, died in September, 1955 and is 
buried at St. Maries, Idaho. 

Everett and Lila had fifteen grandchildren and 
eleven great grandchildren. One grandson died in 
June, 1986. 

Lila remembers how things were and notes some 
of the many changes in Salmon: "Things have 
changed greatly in Lemhi County since we moved 
here. When we came home for Easter in 1945, by 
way of Missoula, Highway 93 North was a narrow, 
unoiled road and the snow was piled up about seven 
feet deep. In Salmon, only Main Street was oiled. 
There was a huge mud hole at the corner of Center 
and Main, between where Sessions and West One 
Bank are now. Should a person step off the boards 
over the hole, they could go knee deep in mud." 

"When we bought our home, there was no city 
water or even a well. In December there was a huge 
snow storm, so we melted snow to wash clothes, 
etc. We got our drinking water from our neighbor. 
We were connected to city water before the next 

— Lila Martonen 

Carl Marvin and Florence Christensen 

computer complex in Anchorage. He is currently 
going to college in Flagstaff, Arizona. Karen married 
Edmond Gaiennie and they are in the restaurant 
business in Boise, Idaho. They have two children, 
Julia and Alicia Dawn. Linda has lived in Boise since 
completing high school and currently is an insurance 
adjuster for State Insurance Fund there. Bonnie 
married Charley Rennaker and has been an army 
wife the past sixteen years with assignments at Fort 
Lewis, Washington; Fort Sheridan, Illinois; and two 
tours of duty in West Germany near Aschaffenburg 
and Nuremburg. They currently are stationed at 
Moscow, Idaho where Charley is one of the 
instructors at the University of Idaho with the 
Reserve Officers Training Corp. They have three 
children: Joshua, Lisa, and Charley Robert. 

Marvin worked in the timber industry for thirty-two 
years . . . first for the Intermountain Co. which was 
bought by Horner-Waldorf, and a few years later was 
bought by Champion Building Products. He worked 
in several positions at the sawmill, but was a 
Certified Lumber Grader his last twenty years there. 
He retired in 1984 and built a new home about three 
and a half miles east of Salmon on Highway 28 
where he and his wife now live. His hobbies are 
hunting, fishing, gardening, and woodworking. They 
are members of the Salmon Third Ward of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. 

— Marvin and Florence Mathews 

Marvin was born March 1, 1924 in the farming 
community of Albin, Wyoming about fifty miles 
northeast of Cheyenne. He was the fourth child of 
Carl Robert Mathews and OIlie Whileman. His 
brother and sisters are: Vesta Lavon, Keith James, 
and Mary Elaine. His parents divorced when he was 
about thirteen and he moved to Eugene, Oregon 
with his mother, Keith, and Mary. Here he attended 
high school and joined the Navy in 1942. He served 
three years in the Pacific during World War II. In 
1947, he came to Salmon, where his father, Carl, 
was living. It was here that he met and married 
Florence Christensen on January 28, 1951. 

Florence was born June 19, 1927 at Driggs, Idaho. 
She was the second child of Charles Elmer 
Christensen and Margurette Murdock. Her sisters 
and brothers are: Maurine, Shirley, LaRita, Dawn, 
Gayle, Mark Elmer, Val Gene and Alvie Charles. 
Florence graduated from Idaho Falls L.D.S. School of 
Nursing in 1948 and came to Salmon in 1950 to 
work at the new Steele Memorial Hospital. Florence 
worked at nursing off and on for twenty years while 
being a homemaker and helping to raise four 

Their children are: Robert Wayne, Karen Marie, 
Linda Joy, and Bonnie. Robert spent thirteen years 
in Alaska with Alyeska Pipeline Service Co. at the 

Florence and Carl Mathews 


Walter J. and Olive E. Robertson 

Walter and Olive were married June 26, 1907, at 
Edmonds, idaho. Seven children were born to this 
union: Vernon, Warren, Arlen, LaVere, Velma, Maude, 
and Neola. Walter followed the carpenter trade, 
starting at the age of sixteen, and he retired at 

In 1919 the family moved to the John McKinney 
ranch on Carmen Creek where they had a band of 
sheep. Due to the Depression they lost the ranch 
and moved downriver twelve miles to the Dempsey 
ranch. The old road went along the hill and that's 
where the house was until the highway was built 
through the middle of the farming land. They moved 
the house then with one horse and a stump puller to 
where it is now. 

The Mathews were steadfast grange members of 
the Salmon Grange #274, which Walter was master 
of at different times. The Grange was very active at 
that time with as many as forty-five members. They 
held picnics, dances, pinocle parties, and many 
interesting programs. 

While living at Carmen, the menfolks hauled wood 
from the Queen of the Hills area by team, and also 
from up Comet Gulch to be sawed into stove lengths 
with a saw rig. The trees were felled with a two-man 
crosscut saw. The going price was $1.00 per cord, 
delivered. In later years it got up to $5.00. 

Times were tough, making it necessary to raise a 
large garden for canning. Raising seven children was 
a full-time job, what with broken bones that kept 
them busy paying Dr. Owen Stratton with whatever 
they could grow. When LaVere broke his elbow, 
Maude had her right leg in a cast. LaVere 
remembers being pitched clear over his horse as she 
stepped closer to the gate which he had climbed on 
to mount. He heard his elbow crack when he lit, and 
said to his father, "I think I broke my arm!" His 
father's reply was, "%#@&, another &%@# broken 

An old truck was used to haul wood and potatoes 
to town. One day, LaVere, Velma, and Maude rode 
on top of the load. Coming from the Carmen Creek 
place, they had to cross Carmen Creek, which was 
at flood stage, and then climb a short but steep rise. 
The old truck lost power and backed down, dropping 
off the edge of the bridge. The kids were pitched off 
into the creek, and sacks of potatoes fell on them. 
Maude was rescued by Charley Gillam, and LaVere 
managed to get out of the creek. Velma was swept 
under the bridge and she was washed up on a log 
that was there. She sat right up on the log and the 
swift water held her legs long enough for Charley to 
rush down and grab her just as she started to 

Poor road conditions never deterred the Mathews 
family from going on picnics. Olive fixed a substantial 
lunch, usually of fried chicken, salads, and a six- 
quart freezer of homemade ice cream. Away they 
would go either to the mountains or a fishing 
stream. Often the Hyram Carlson family shared the 
outing. Thank goodness there were no televisions! 
People got together for card parties, dances at the 
old country schoolhouses and the grange. There was 
very little alcohol drinking going on at that time, 
which was good for the younger generation. 

Wild animals, such as cougars, were known to be 
about and one night the Lloyd Sellars family saw the 
eyes of something big in their car lights. Jenny ran 
and got the gun and in the excitement, shot the 
critter, but woe be it, it was their milk cow. The 
Winterowd family were neighbors and their sow with 
a litter of pigs must have been protecting them from 
something as she was found next morning with torn 
ears and a deeply scratched nose. 

Going to school at Boyle Creek (now Tower Creek) 
was quite an experience. About the first year, the 
original building burned and school was held at the 
Charles Goddard house at the mouth of the creek. 
The winters were severe and one day when it was 45 
degrees below, the Mathews children went to school 
in their old car cab mounted on the front bunks of a 
sled, pulled the four miles by a team of horses. Their 
mother heated rocks and "sad irons" to keep them 
warm. The weather warmed up to only 40 degrees 
below the next day. They were proud of the fact 
that they never missed any school days. 

— Maude Combs 

Olive and Walter Mathews 


Newman Kay and Jacqueline Nilsson 

Jacqueline Elizabeth Nilsson, a daughter of Floyd 
Nilsson and Dexter Dawson, was born March 29, 
1936, up Withington Creek, in Lemhi County. She 
was delivered by her Grandmother Dawson and a 
neighbor lady because the doctor couldn't get there 
in time. She was raised near Baker and graduated 
from Leadore High School in 1953. That fall she 
attended Saint Patrick's School of Nursing in 
Missoula, Montana, working to put herself through. 
She graduated in 1955. 

While in Missoula, she met and married Newman 
Kay Matson in 1957. They moved to Bozeman, 
Montana where Jacque worked and Newman went to 
school. Newman graduated with a degree in 
Education and taught his first year in Boise. 

Five children were born to the couple: Julie Lisa, 
born in Missoula on February 16, 1958; Eric Floyd, 
born May 14, 1959 in Montana; Kregg Newman born 
in Boise on May 16, 1961; Shane Lysle born 
February 2, 1963 in Salmon; and Nancy Lea, born 
February 7, 1964 in Salmon. 

In 1962, the family moved to Leadore, Idaho on 
Jacque's father's place. Newman taught at the local 
high school and in the summer months went back to 
Missoula to go to school to get his master's degree. 
In 1966, he was made Superintendent of the 
Leadore School District. He held this position until 
1983 when Newman and Jacque moved to Kerrville, 

The children really enjoyed the summer months in 
Missoula. They had daily swimming, picnics, and saw 
a lot of new country. 

In 1966, Jacque began teaching in the Leadore 
School. In addition to teaching, she was also the 
school librarian and school nurse. The janitorial job 
was vacated in 1976, so Jacque supervised a group 
of four or five high school students who needed 
work, and the community felt like it was a job well 
done, and was a benefit to the students as well. 

Newman was a handiman to Floyd, and did most 
of his farm machinery repair work and irrigating. The 
children enjoyed helping with the cattle and 

Newman was a dedicated and patient educator, 
who was liked and appreciated by the teachers and 
students. Jacque had a good listening ear and spent 
many hours in her back room listening to student's 

At the present time, Newman is the 
Superintendent of Schools in Shoshone, Idaho and 
Jacque is working as a nurse in Walker Center at 
Gooding. They plan on retiring after this year. 

Julie Lisa married Kent Leroy Bird on November 
24, 1979. They ranch in Leadore and have five 
children: Casey, Julie, Bobby, Brady, and Mandy. 

Eric Floyd married Christine Hollibough on August 
1, 1980. They live and work on a ranch in the 
Pahsimeroi Valley and have three children: Eric Carl, 
Bodie Shane, and Gentry. 

Kregg Newman married Cynthia Diane Wilkerson 
on January 17, 1985. They have three children; 
Brandy, Andreason Cole, and Ethen Cody. 

Shane Lysle married Julia Hatch on December 20, 
1986. They have a daughter, Kortne, and live in 
Leadore where he teaches school. 

Nancy married John McDaniel on May 14, 1983. 
They have two children, Paden John and Jordan 
Jacqueline. They live in Challis where she works as a 
hairdresser, and he works on a ranch. 

— Lisa Matson Bird 

Lois Ann Matteson 

Lois Ann Matteson was born on August 13, 1949 
at Salmon, Idaho, the daughter of Quinton and Lois 
Snook. She attended school in Salmon and 
graduated from high school in 1967. While in high 
school, she participated in band, chorus, sports, and 
was a member of the National Honor Society. During 
high school, Lois worked on the ranch haying and 
for the Lemhi County Agent. 

Lois attended the University of Idaho at Moscow 
from 1967 to 1969. She married Michael H. 
Matteson of Darby, Montana in August, 1970. From 
1970 until 1972, Lois worked for attorney Fred H. 
Snook. Her first daughter, Stefani Ann, was born 
February 28, 1972. In 1973, Mike and Lois began a 
furniture and appliance retail business known as the 
Furniture Shack. Their second daughter, Elaine 
Genevieve, was born July 12, 1974. Lois worked for 
James C. Herndon, attorney, intermittently from 
1976 until 1983. Lois moved to Anchorage, Alaska 
and worked for the law firm of Paul J. Nangle and 
Associates from August to November of 1983, and 
later from June, 1984 to May 1985. From 
November, 1983 until May, 1984, she worked for 
the North Slope Borough Health and Social Services. 
Lois worked for the North Slope Borough Public 
Utilities Division as an accountant and for Arctic 
Slope Regional Corporation from May, 1985 to 1986. 
She returned to Lemhi County in 1986. Since that 
time she has been employed by Snook Ranches and 
Lemhi Post & Poles, Inc. 

During the 1970's and early 1980's, Lois was 
involved in many community activities. She was a 
member of the Salmon Chamber of Commerce, and 
served as assistant secretary and director. She was 
a member of the Lemhi County Republican Women's 
group. She was also a member of the Salmon 
Jaycettes and served as local president, district 
representative, regional representative, and state 
treasurer. She also participated in softball and 


bowling. She belonged to the Gutter Gussie Club, 
600 Club, was State Handicap Single Champion in 
1974, and Salmon Bowler of the Year in 1981. 

Stefani and Elaine attended school in Salmon, with 
the exception of 1987 to 1988 when they were at 
Brookings, Oregon. While in Brookings, Stefani was a 
high school cheerleader, and Elaine excelled in long 
distance track events. Stefani is currently attending 
Idaho State University and Elaine attends Salmon 
High School. 

— Lois Ann Matteson 

Larry, Dave, Ethelene, Marvel and Arlene Maxwell 

Dave and Marvel Maxwell 

Dave and Marvel Maxwell and family moved into 
the Salmon area in the fall of 1941. They were 
employed by Dick Knowleton from Layton, Utah to 
construct bridges on Highway 28 up the Lemhi. This 
was a trade that Dave followed off and on for many 
years. He constructed four bridges across the 
Salmon River, several on the Lemhi, and two on the 
North Fork. Some of these bridges were brought in 
from the Idaho Falls and Shelley areas. 

The ranch on Napolean Gulch was purchased from 
Charles and Bertha Rose in 1941. The old trolley 
was used for several years before upgrading to a 
cable-controlled boat. The first bridge was wooden 
and lasted only a short time. The next bridge had a 
cement pier which held better against the Salmon 
River current and ice jams. The present bridge came 
from Williams Creek. 

After clearing the property of sagebrush, the 
family raised potatoes for several years, selling the 
certified seed. They milked cows and raised calves, 
turkeys, and a large garden. Later, alfalfa hay was 
grown for a feedlot operation. 

Dave owned and operated a "cat" and dragline. 
He built drain ditches, mining roads, forest service 

accesses, and did leveling and river construction 
work. He also built drain ditches in the Challis and 
Ellis areas. 

The oldest daughter, Shirley, attended the sixth 
grade at Brooklyn School in 1941. The following fall, 
the Seventh-Day Adventist Church School opened at 
the old church site on Hope Street with five pupils. 
By the end of the year, the attendance had doubled. 
In 1952, Shirley and Arlene were married to their 
spouses in a double wedding ceremony at the 

During the 1960's and early 1970's, Dave 
operated an iron ore mine in Wyoming. This ore was 
shipped to government facilities to be used as a 
heat-resistant material in the launching pads of 
NASA and other missile sites. 

Shirley Maxwell Watts bought the Bills' residence 
on St. Charles Street in 1983. Dave and Marvel lived 
there two years and then moved to Dinuba, 
California near their youngest daughter, Ethelene 
Brady. They still reside there. In 1991, Dave will be 
eighty-one years old and Marvel will be seventy-nine. 
They have twelve grandchildren and twenty-one 

In 1990, Shirley moved into her home on St. 
Charles. Dr. Val and Arlene Franklin have their home 
on the old Maxwell family place on Napolean Gulch. 
Larry and Claudia Maxwell live near North Fork. 

— Larry Maxwell 

Glen and Irene May 

Glen and Irene were born in Manitoba, Canada, 
near the small town of McCreary. They attended 
country schools there. 

Glen served in the Canadian Army during World 
War II. After the war he moved to Colorado to join 
his parents who had moved there to retire on his 
brother's ranch eight miles south of Colorado 

Irene moved there in 1946, where she and Glen 
were married. They have two sons, bob and Lance. 
Both were born in Colorado Springs. They moved to 
Idaho in May, 1958, and bought a few acres at 
Gibbonsville. The property had belonged to Mrs. 
Knowles. Bob and Lance attended school there for 
two years with Mrs. Rose Rainey as their teacher. 

In 1960, they sold this property and bought a 
ranch five miles up Fourth of July Creek. It was the 
Bowman Ranch and they purchased it from George 
Carlson. They have resided there since then. Bob 
and Lance graduated from Salmon High School. 

Glen was in the building construction business, and 
also raised some cattle, until he retired in 1990. Bob 
and Lance have continued in building construction. 

— Irene May 


Minert H. and Rosella Wood Maydole 

My father, Minert H. Maydole, was born in 1863 in 
Minnesota. With his brother, Bert, he came west to 
Gibbonsville, Idaho in 1880. Minert and E.E. Edwards 
started the Gibbonsville Butchering Company, which 
had fresh meats daily. The beef for the shop were 
trailed in from the Big Hole in Montana to where the 
Leo Hagel Ranch is now. They had a slaughterhouse 
there, where they did their butchering. 

In the year 1869, Newton B. and Almanda Wood 
came to the Big Hole Valley of Montana from 
Buffalo, New York. Grandfather Wood built a large 
log cabin near where the Battleground Monument is 
at present. The cabin had no floor, only buffalo 
robes to cover the dirt. My Uncle George and Aunt 
Alice were born here and upon growing up played 
with the Indian kids from the nearby camp. 

From the Big Hole, they came over the pass to 
the mining camp of Gibbonsville, where Grandfather 
Wood mined and Grandmother had a boardinghouse 
for the miners. There in 1884, my mother, Rosella, 
and her twin brother were born. Her twin died 
shortly after birth, and a ten-year-old sister died 
later on. The two graves are next to the hill behind 
the present Art Bevans home. This is the place that 
Grandmother had her boardinghouse. Aunt Alma 
Whiteman lived in this home for many years after 
Uncle U.S. Whiteman died. 

My mother, Rosella Wood, went to school in 
Gibbonsville; one of her schoolmates was Fred Carl, 
a lifelong resident of Lemhi County. After grade 
school, she went to Catholic school in Missoula, 
Montana, where she majored in music. Later she 
taught music. 

On January 1, 1903, Minert H. Maydole and 
Roselia Wood were married. They continued to run 
the butchering business until 1907 when they 
purchased a ranch near Carmen. While at the ranch 
on the Big Flat, four daughters were born: Calvin in 
1908; Alethia in 1909, but she died one month later; 
Helen in 1911, died in 1932; and Eva in 1914. 

Selling this ranch about 1916, they purchased a 
ranch at Four Mile in the Lower Lemhi Valley. 
Thomas was born here in 1922. Minert continued to 
operate this ranch until his death in 1934. The ranch 
is presently owned by Paul Fisher. 

In 1932, Eva and Elmer H. Smith were married 
and purchased the ranch from Dad's estate. They 
had two children born here, Sharon and Kenneth. 
They continued to operate this ranch, raising Angus 
cattle, until Elmer's death in 1963. Eva sold the 
ranch to Bill Clark, retaining forty acres where she 
built a new home. Eva has since remarried Owen 
Ellis and they are living in Jerome, Idaho. 

Calvin married Max Pyeatt in 1926. Three 
daughters and one son were born: Janet, Helen, 
Molly, and Wesley. Molly died in later years. Janet 

married Ed Bishop and has four children. Wesley 
married Ginny McGarvey and has two children. 
Helen married Bob Stevens and has three daughters. 
Max Pyeatt died in 1945 and Calvin married Mike 
Wilkins in 1946. Mike died in 1983 and Calvin has 
continued living at her home at Four Mile. 

Thomas married Helen J. Applegate in 1950, and 
Richard Maydole and Nancy Banta are stepchildren. 
Tom and Helen have lived on a small ranch at North 
Fork since 1963. 

My Grandfather Wood is buried near Jackson, 
Montana. Grandmother Wood Snow is buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery. She lived from 1851 to 1928. 
Uncle U.S. and Aunt Alma Whiteman are in the 
Gibbonsville Cemetery. Rosella Wood Maydole Smith 
is buried in the Salmon Cemetery. She lived from 
1884 to 1938. 

— Thomas Maydole 
Edward Dale and Kay Jones McAtee 

Edward Dale McAtee was born April 18, 1941 in 
Butte, Montana, the first child of James Doyle 
McAtee and Evelyn McLees McAtee. The family lived 
in Ennis, Montana until Dale's father was drafted into 
the Army during World War II, and Dale moved with 
his mother to Missoula, Montana, where she had 
found work. Before they moved to Missoula, a 
younger brother, James Russell McAtee died in 

While living in Missoula, in March of 1945, word 
was received of the death of Dale's father while 
serving in the infantry in Germany. Later Dale's 
mother married Ernie Meyers, and the family moved 
to Salmon. Ernie was a truck driver for Miller 
Brothers Truck Line, driving between Salmon and 
Missoula. After a short stay in Salmon, they moved 
to St. Ignatius, Montana for a few months, and 
during that time Dale's sister, Judy Meyers was 
born. In 1946 they returned to Salmon to stay. 
Another sister, Vicki Meyers, was born in Salmon in 
1948. A few years later, Dale's mother and Ernie 
were divorced and she married Ray Stricklan of 
Salmon. All still reside in Salmon. 

Dale attended Salmon schools, graduating in 1959. 
He attended the University of Montana, graduating 
in 1965 with a B.S. degree in pharmacy. 

In 1963, Dale married Kay Jones, who was 
teaching school at Fort Hall, Idaho. Kay's parents, 
Walter "Ed" and Elizabeth "Libby" Jones had moved 
to Salmon in 1960 when Ed was transferred as 
district manager of the BLM. Kay had grown up 
mostly in Idaho Falls, graduating from Idaho Falls 
High School, and she attended Idaho State 


After graduating from college, Dale, Kay and their 
six-month-old son, Wayne Douglas, moved back to 
Salmon, and Dale went to work for Roy Durand at 
the Rexall Drug Store. A daughter, Kelly Anne, was 
born in 1966. In 1972, the McAtee's began 
purchasing the store from the Durands, and now 
own the business. 

During the years, Dale has been active in the Elks 
Lodge, and served on the school board and Lemhi 
County airport committee. Kay has been active in 
P. E.G. and served on the Lemhi County Planning 

Wayne McAfee attended Salmon schools and the 
University of Idaho, where he graduated with a 
degree in mechanical engineering. He lives in Apple 
Valley, California and is married to Kelley Trogden 
from Salmon. 

Kelly Anne McAfee attended Salmon schools and 
Boise State University, where she graduated with a 
degree in political science. She is currently attending 
the University of Idaho College of Law. 

At the present time. Dale and Kay own and 
manage the Salmon Rexall Drug and Hallmark Shop. 
The Hallmark Shop is located in the former Clinton's 
Shoes building, which the Rexall had purchased in 
1974, and turned into a gift shop in 1983. This might 
be the oldest building in Salmon still being used. It is 
thought to have been built in 1871. 

— Dale McAtee 
Tom and Lois Hilton McBride 

Tom McBride was born in Clovis, New Mexico to 
Everett and Elizabeth McBride. He and his brother 
James went with their parents to many states, 
including Texas, Arizona and Nevada. It was in Las 
Vegas, Nevada that Tom attended high school and 
got his first job. After graduation from high school, 
Tom moved to Reno where he improved his hunting 
and trapping skills. He worked briefly in the printing, 
plumbing, newspaper and recreation fields before 
going to work for Standard Oil. At age twenty-three, 
he had his own "Tom's Chevron Service" at the 
south shore of Lake Tahoe. 

In due time, Tom became proficient at roller 
skates, designing gas-powered model airplanes, 
archery and skiing. 

Tom's wife, Lois Louise, was the first of two 
children born to Floyd and Louise Hilton. She has a 
brother, Lee. Their roots go deep in Idaho as her 
mother's family settled in the Lost River Country 
over one hundred years ago. Lois got most of her 
education in California. She was living at Lake Tahoe, 
working as a radio commentator and newspaper 
reporter when she first met Tom. 

Tom and Lois have two sons, Mark and Tommy 
Lee. Tommy was a small child when the McBrides 


Tom McBride-Wildlife Speaker. Jan. 1987 

first came to Gibbonsville to reside. It was at this 
time that Tom and Lois were instrumental in the 
forming of the Gibbonsville Improvement Association; 
Lois in preparing the charter, and Tom serving as 
the first G.I. A. Chairman. The very first meeting was 
conducted in their home in December, 1968. By the 
next year Lois was writing the new Gibbonsville 
Gazette, a monthly newspaper that had activities of 
the town. In these early papers a special item was 
the "Feature Family of the Month". Thanks to Lois's 
insight, this little bit on their family can be 
reproduced from that for the Lemhi County History 

— Julia Randolph 

Jesse and Anna Boyd Vernon McCaleb 

Jesse McCaleb came to Idaho from Tennessee. He 
fought in the Civil War, saw thirty-six skirmishes and 
battles, and was promoted to the rank of Captain 
before the war's end. In 1866 he went to Virginia 
City, Montana territory, and from Virginia City to 
Salmon, where he was elected the first Auditor and 
Recorder of Lemhi County. Later he was elected 
Sheriff and Deputy Assistant Recorder. 

The romance of Jesse McCaleb and Anna Boyd 
Vernon was noteworthy. Anna Boyd was born 


December 17, 1847 to James and Lucy Vernon at 
Linn Creek, Missouri. She had a happy peaceful 
childhood on the banks of the Osage River near the 
confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. 
She had two brothers and one sister and was well 
protected by her family and their slaves. 

Her first tragedy occurred when she was ten. Her 
mother, because of failing health, had gone to visit 
her family in Tennessee. She wrote a letter to Anna 
asking her to take over the household duties. Anna 
lived through her mother's death, the terrible days 
of the Civil war, bushwhackers, and slaves being 
forced to flee. She indeed became the head of the 
family when her father was killed during the 
marauding years following the Civil War. 

Anna and the children were cared for by another 
family, but she vowed to keep the children together 
until they were all married. Anna attended the 
academy in Lebanon, Missouri and began teaching 
school. She had never forgotten meeting Jesse 
McCaleb while visiting her grandparents in 
Tennessee. While she was teaching school, Jesse 
wrote and asked to come see her. He asked her to 
marry and move west with him. She pondered about 
leaving her school and the children she taught, but 
decided to go. 

After she married and moved with Jesse to Lemhi 
County, Anna still taught school. The first school was 
a rough little building with a dirt floor and shakes on 
the roof. Later, a better school, on the corner where 
Havemann Hardware now stands, contained a 
blackboard, platform, and a single chair for the 
teacher. The students sat on packing cases. 

Jesse had obtained four acres of land near the 
westerly end of the Tingley bridge and built a house 
there. Anna loved that house. One day Jesse 
happened to be on the east side of the bridge when 
it went out. Anna was at home. Each day, Jesse 
wrote a note to her, wrapped it in a suitable stone, 
and flung it across the river to her. 

Jesse and Anna McCaleb had two small children, 
Hope and Hugh Lamare, when Jesse was killed in a 
skirmish with hostile Indians at the battle of Lost 
River on August 11, 1878. Anna proved herself equal 
to the task of rearing them. Both children turned out 
to be distinguished citizens of the community. 

Hope graduated from Northwestern University at 
Evanston, Illinois. She quickly rose from the ranks of 
teacher in the Lemhi schools to become 
Superintendent of Schools. Hope married G.B. 
Quarles on October 15,1902. Hugh Lamare married 
Ethel Bond of Dillon, Montana, opened a store there 
featuring quality merchandise, and was elected 
Mayor there in 1931. 

Hope McCaleb Quarles died in childbirth, July 26, 
1907 leaving G.B. with their son, John Vernon, age 
five, and the newborn daughter, Hope Virginia. It fell 
Anna McCaleb's lot to look after them until 1910 

Anna Boyd Vernon McCaleb 

when G.B. married Rose Elizabeth Loring of South 
Bend, Indiana. 

If anyone inquired "Who is Mrs. McCaleb" sixty 
years ago, the answer was apt to be, "She is the 
lady who lives down by the bridge", or "She is the 
lady who wins the pie contests at the county fairs". 

The Quarles children knew her as grandmother 
McCaleb, and especially remember her for the 
dinners she faithfully made for them once a week. 
Monroe and Andree took turns in saying what they 
wanted for dessert. Monroe Loring invariably asked 
for cherry pie. 

Anna McCaleb was active in the Methodist 
Episcopal Church of Salmon, particularly in the 
Ladies' Aid Society. During World War I, she spent 
many hours with other members making bandages 
to be sent overseas. She will always be remembered 
and referred to as one of the great pioneers of 
Salmon. She died in 1932 and was buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery alongside the graves of her 
husband, Jesse McCaleb, and her daughter, Hope 
McCaleb Quarles. 

It was suggested by G.B. Quarles that Parks and 
Recreation designate a small piece of the McCaleb 
property for the construction of a commemorative 
building in the nature of a teahouse. In the front of 
the building, a stone or piece of marble should be 
placed with the inscription, "This building is 


dedicated to the memory of Jesse McCaleb who lost 
his life in the Battle of Lost River, August 11, 1878, 
and to his widow, Anna Boyd Vernon McCaleb". He 
further suggested that the building have a small 
kitchen where food could be prepared and that 
residents of Salmon could meet there by 
appointment, have a bite to eat, and a cup of tea 
while talking over current or old times. 

It would also serve as a good place for committees 
of various organizations of the community to have 
when in need of a more relaxed atmosphere. While 
his suggestion was never carried out, it was an idea 
worthy of mention. 

After the death of Jesse McCaleb, Anna made the 
following statement: "Captain McCaleb was one of 
God's noblemen. He was inspired to secure some of 
Leesburg's shining gold, to come to Lemhi County, 
and to give the best of his life to the betterment of 
Leesburg, Salmon, and the lasting good of Lemhi 

— Andree Quarles 
— Phyllis Caples 

McCracken Family 

Franklin Pierce McCracken was born March 24, 
1854, in Platte City, Missouri. He was the oldest 
child of James and Polly Townsand McCracken. His 
sister, Anna, married Ben Thompson, but his twin 
brothers, Will and Walter, never married. They died 
of typhoid fever when they were young men. 

Later the family moved to a farm at Oskaloosa, 
Kansas. Frank McCracken studied law at the 
Oskaloosa College. He met and married Emma 
Caroline Long, August 20, 1877. She had attended 
Cornell College at Mt. Vernon, Iowa and was 
teaching school in Oskaloosa. To this union, the 
following children were born: Maud Nancy, John 
James, William Ernest, Fannie Mae, Clarence Leroy, 
Franklin Henry, and Willard Thurstain. 

In 1894, Mr. and Mrs. McCracken and their 
children moved to Lemhi County and settled on a 
ranch at Carmen, Idaho. Mr. McCracken was a 
natural leader in matters of public welfare. Mrs. 
McCracken taught Sunday School, took care of her 
home and children, helped in the garden, sewed, 
and was always willing to help anyone in any way 
that she could. On several occasions she acted as an 
unpaid midwife. The Carmen children adored her 
and called her Grandma McCracken. 

Frank McCracken held the office of probate judge 
from 1909 to 1917, and during this time they leased 
their ranch and moved to Salmon. Because of his 
health, his doctor advised him not to run for another 
term of office. 

Frank, his wife Emma, and their son Will went to 
Perry, Kansas to visit Frank's mother. While there, 

Emma Long McCracken and Franklin Pierce McCracken 

Frank died May 5, 1924 and was buried in the Perry 

Emma McCracken leased her ranch for the next 
five years. Since she was suffering from a heart 
condition, her son Will usually stayed with her during 
the summer, and her daughter Mae Rood and her 
children stayed with Emma during the winter 

The evening of February 3, 1930, while Mrs. 
McCracken was crocheting a rug, she peacefully 
passed away. In the spring of 1930, the family had 
the remains of Frank P. McCracken and the huge 
tombstone brought by train to Salmon, where he 
was then interred beside Emma in the Salmon 

Maud McCracken was born in Jefferson County, 
Kansas on September 10, 1878. In 1894 she moved 
with her parents to Carmen and was united in 
marriage to William J. Hoffman on December 25, 
1896. To this union, one son, Roy, was born. Maud 
died due to complications of surgery at Bethany 
Hospital in Kansas City, Kansas and was interred in 
the Perry, Kansas Cemetery. 

John McCracken was born in Oskaloosa on 
November 29, 1879. He also came west with his 
parents to Carmen, but returned to attend Lane 
University at Lecompton, Kansas. He married Hazel 
Winters on April 30, 1907 there and they later 


moved to Salmon. On January 4, 1914, there was an 
accident at the Bohannon Dredge and John lost his 
life. He was buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 

William McCracken, born February 11, 1881 at the 
Oskaloosa home, moved with his family to Idaho in 
1894, also. He attended school at Lane University, 
Lecompton, Kansas, and also at Campbell College at 
Holton, Kansas, where he received his B.A. degree. 

After teaching school for a number of years, he 
purchased the Lemhi Valley Merchantile Store. He 
later sold this store and purchased the store and 
hotel at North Fork, Idaho. He later sold that to 
Frank Casey of Ulysses. After vacationing in 
California, he taught again, this time it was four 
years in the Salmon High School. Following that he 
had a store and gas station at Carmen, where he 
was also the postmaster. He married Jennie Lambert 
and to this union a daughter, Vivian, was born. She 
married William Carl, and lives in North Carolina. Will 
McCracken passed away at the Steele Memorial 
Hospital in November, 1952 and was buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery. 

Mae McCracken was born January 25, 1885 in 
Oskaloosa, Kansas and came west with the family in 
1894. She married Willard Rood, November 10, 
1907, and they lived at Leesburg where Mr. Rood 
had a store and butcher shop. To this union three 
children were born. Frank, who married Hazel Bevan 
December 5, 1958, passed away May 17, 1988. 
Willard, who married Beulah Boyd on May 26, 1934. 
Beulah died November 21, 1989. Their son, Boyd 
Rood, lives in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho and has a 
daughter, Jennifer, and a son, Robert. Velma Rood, 
the third child of Mae and Willard, married Wayne 
O'Connor November 12, 1932 at Dillon, Montana. 
Wayne died September 16, 1988 and is buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery. Their daughter, Mae Belle, 
married Karl William Snyder and lives at Lemhi. Mae 
Rood died at the Marcus Daly Hospital in Hamilton, 
Montana on September 18, 1953, and was buried in 
the Salmon Cemetery. 

Frank H. McCracken was born at Oskaloosa, 
Kansas, April 8, 1887, and he came to Lemhi County 
in 1894. On May 18, 1916, he was united in 
marriage to Minnie Bowman, and they resided at the 
McCracken brother's ranch. They became the 
parents of two daughters. Phyllis died when she was 
an infant. Maxine married Boyd Baxter and lives in 
Boise, Idaho. 

In 1919, after selling the Carmen ranch, they 
moved to a ranch four miles south of Salmon. In 
1946, they sold the ranch and moved to Salmon. 
Just prior to his death, Frank was engaged in the 
construction of a new home at Carmen. He died 
June 15, 1951 at a Pocatello hospital, and was 
interred in the Salmon Cemetery. 

Thurstain McCracken was born April 15, 1889. He 
married Eva Marsing December 7, 1925. She died 

February 1, 1927, two months after their daughter, 
Eva, was born. Eva later married Rolland McMillan 
and lives in Yelm, Washington. 

June 2, 1928, Thurstain married Effie Roske. They 
sold their ranch on Carmen and bought some land 
from the McCracken estate. Later they sold this and 
moved to Salmon. Thurstain did carpenter work until 
he retired. He died August 27, 1969, and is buried in 
the Salmon Cemetery. 

Clarence McCracken was born July 18, 1892. He 
attended the Salmon High School and Campbell 
College at Holton, Kansas. He worked for the 
Salmon Forest Service for several years as a ranger. 
In July, 1914, he and Beulah Marron were married. 
They moved to Portland, Oregon in 1922, where he 
worked for Northwest Oakland Car Company, as a 
representative and sales manager. As a result of a 
sliver in his hand, he died of blood poisoning 
December 1, 1930, and is buried in the Salmon 

— Velma O'Connor 
Edward and Margaret Vreeland McRea 

Edward McRea was a pioneer rancher and 
stockman who played an important role in the 
development of the country around Leadore 
(formerly Junction), Idaho. He was born November 
15, 1867 in Austin, Nevada. He attended schools in 
San Francisco, California; Butte, Montana; and went 
to the University at Valparaiso. 

He acquired his own ranch at Junction in 1885, at 
the young age of eighteen, and operated it until his 
death March 17, 1934 at Leadore. The ranch has 
always been famous for its fine cattle. A good 
Democrat all his life, Ed was also Justice of the 
Peace for many years, and was a devout Catholic. 

Ed's parents were George and Mary McRea, who 
met and married in San Francisco. George was from 
Scotland and was working and attending school. 
Mary had come from Ireland with her foster family, 
and was also attending school. They met at church, 
the romance blossomed, and soon they married. 

When George received his engineering degree and 
a job offer, the young couple moved to the up-and- 
coming mining town of Austin, Nevada. Mary became 
dissatisfied with conditions there, and although two 
beautiful red-haired babies were born, a daughter 
(date and name unknown), and son Edward, she 
wanted to go back to San Francisco. When George 
refused to give up his job and go with her, she took 
the two youngsters and left him. He never saw any 
of them again. Many years and many moves later, 
Edward McRea came to Junction, where the ranch is 
located. On June 3, 1890, Ed married Margaret 
Katherine Vreeland, daughter of Henry and Eliza 
Perry Vreeland. 


A young Dutchman, born in New Jersey in 1848, 
Henry Vreeland had found his way to San Francisco 
by way of the Horn, and was given a job working on 
the docks. He was only seventeen and alone, but 
unafraid of the future. In about a year, he applied for 
a stage-driving job and was hired as a driver's 
helper. He loved horses and soon could handle them 
very well. He also became proficient with a gun. All 
this led to managing a stage station, somewhere in 
Eastern Idaho, where passengers ate and changed 
stages for the long ride into Montana. He had met 
Eliza Perry while working out of Malad, and they 
were married before going to the far-away station. 

Eliza, born in 1855, and her family, the Perrys, 
came to the new land from Wales. They invested 
their savings in supplies and wagons, and had joined 
a wagon train headed for Idaho Territory in 1858. 
They settled where Malad, Idaho is located. This is 
where Henry and Eliza met. 

The couple was happy at the stage station and 
four children blessed their home. Each time, Henry 
insisted that Eliza go to her parents in Malad, where 
a doctor was available, and so Margaret Katherine, 
born April 10, 1875; Peter; William; and Lillie were 
born in Malad. 

Years later, the Vreelands came to the Junction 
area, where they remained. They had been in 
Nicholia in 1879; Birch Creek in 1880; Howe; then 
the Brenner Ranch in Montana in the fall of 1880; 
and then Hawley Creek, 1887. Henry died in 1925. 
Eliza died in 1933. 

Edward and Margaret Vreeland McRea became the 
parents of six children. Wilda, born January 1, 1892 
in Junction, married George Johnston. William, born 
November 26, 1893 in Junction, married Mary 
Carey. Gladys, born November 19, 1895 in Junction, 
married Lee Ramey. Edward E., born February 1, 
1898 on the ranch, married Ann Daly. Earl H., born 
March 1, 1901 on the ranch, married Ethel Maes. 
Effie Belle, born October 24, 1905 on the ranch, 
married Harold Robinson. 

— History Committee, Doris Brown 
James and Neil McDeavitt 

Cattlemen with large range herds occupied the 
upper Lemhi Valley for years, moving them to 
wherever there was food to be had. James and Neil 
McDeavitt were two of these cattlemen with range 
herds. In late 1879, James moved his cattle to the 
Payette Valley, but his brother, Neil, stayed in the 
area. He continued a long life in Lemhi. He was often 
called upon when someone with courage and 
integrity was needed. 

He died in the early 1930's and the Salmon 
newspaper had this to say about him . . . "Neil 
McDeavitt, pioneer of this county and most highly 

respected old-time resident, died here Thursday, and 
was buried Monday. He had been a resident of the 
county ever since 1869, or almost sixty-two years. 
"Among frontiersmen of this portion of the west, 
he held an enviable name. He conducted his ranch, 
built many pioneer homes, and prospected for 
minerals. It was for him that McDeavitt Creek, near 
Tendoy, one of the county's richest copper mining 
districts, received its name." 

— Doris Brown, History Committee 

James McDeavitt 

Maple Jones McElvain 

I was born on "hog-killin' day", according to my 
father, Levi R. Jones, on December 28, 1905 on 
Carmen Creek. He and a neighbor had their knives 
sharpened and the scalding tank boiling when the 
stork flapped in for a landing. The hog got a 

We lived on the North Fork Ranch (see Levi R. 
Jones story), when my younger brother, Tracy, 
reached school age. We started school together, 
riding an old white horse about three miles to the 
Spring Creek school ( now Hull Creek). It was a 
simple cabin with slate blackboards across the end. 
Beautiful Miss Stella Carpenter was the teacher. 
When it became too cold, our mother and the 
children were moved to Gibbonsville to continue 



My teen years were spent on the Big Flat. World 
War I caused life and times to be hard. The whole 
family worked hard at jobs and chores best suited to 
each. We had few material things, but an abundance 
of food and good neighbors, people like ourselves. 
Being the oldest of eight children, I had more 
growing up experiences than most. 

One of my jobs was to help my father when he 
shod the work horses. I held halter ropes, swished 
flies, pumped the forge bellows when a shoe had to 
be reshaped, and handed him tools. I watched him 
use the long-handled hoof nippers, the sharp-curved 
paring knife with a slight curl at the end for dressing 
the frog, the multi-cut steel rasp and various 
hammers. I had the shell of a dead horse's hoof that 
was interesting to study. I learned the right from the 
wrong side of a horseshoe nail, how to drive it in, 
bend it over, nip it off and hammer it down. 

Often my father was too tired or busy to shoe the 
saddle horses. I wouldn't ride mine tenderfooted. 
One day in furious desperation, I dared a solution. I 
shod my horse myself! When I proudly showed my 
father what I had done he examined each hoof 
carefully. His only comment was,( meant as a 
compliment), "Well, I'll be damned". 



Carmen, Lemhi County - - Idaho 
Augmt 1904 - January 1905 

Presented By 

Stella Diyer 



H. J. RoberU Chairmia 

F. A. Waiiam* Qerlc 

Mrs. F. W. Niemann 



Jessie Gautier 

Reginald Williami 
Minnie Niemann 
NelL'c Jonej 

Theodore Cauder 
Jennie Gautier 
Fred Niemann 
Sophia Bowers 
Manuel Ross 
Lizzie Roberts 
Etfa Niemann 
Henry Muldhy 
Maggie Roberts 
Rjchard Williams 
John Roberts 
Ora Loucks 
Mamie Thomburg 
Jeanette Thomburg 
Mary Roberts 
Gertrude Harvey 
i'Jjrthur Niemann 
Roy Thomburg 
Nellie Wray 
Duncan Holmes 

Maple Jones on Gypsy and Tracy Jones on Joker, 1922 

The teacher was Maple's mother. 

In the spring, all the ranchers drove their cattle to 
summer range in the hills. Tracy and I grew up 
driving, and periodically rounding up, cattle. Tracy 
was an excellent marksman and always carried a .22 
rifle on his saddle. One purpose was to shoot a 
rabbit for our lunch. In case he didn't bag a bunny, 
we carried cans of sardines in the saddle bags. While 
Tracy built a fire and cut roasting sticks, I dressed 
the rabbit in a creek. One day having found no 
rabbit, we decided to try a fat young groundhog. It 
was a beautiful carcass, but as it cooked it gave off a 
very peculiar odor. When we tried to eat it, it tasted 
exactly, and as strongly, as sagebrush smells. Back 
to sardines! 

When Tracy and I started to high school, we rode 
horseback the seven miles to Salmon. We milked six 
to ten cows before we left and came home to milk in 
the evening. During the coldest winter months, my 
kind and generous cousin, Ray, and Ethel Dryer, 
took me into their home. Sweet little Snookie shared 
her room and bed with me. I thoroughly enjoyed 
school and had such fine teachers. 

A great good fortune befell me when another 
cousin, Ed Owens, and his wife invited me to live 
with them in Bellingham, Washington for my senior 
year. I had always dreamed of becoming a teacher, 
and after graduation I earned enough money to go 
the next summer quarter to the Idaho State 
Teachers' Normal School in Albion. 

To qualify for admission, it was necessary to pass 
comprehensive state examinations in all elementary 
subjects. The exams were held annually in the office 
of County Superintendent Bess Stroud in the Court 
House. After one hot grueling quarter in Albion, I got 
a contract to teach the 1926-27 term in Gibbonsville 
at $90 per month. 


Times were lively in the old town again because a 
new road was being built down the river to North 
Fork. And the first road ever was being built over the 
mountains from Gibbonsville to Lookout Pass. School 
was challenging and life was exciting. 

That spring I borrowed money at the bank, bought 
a used 1925 Ford coupe, drove it to Albion for the 
spring and summer quarters followed by another 
term of teaching in Gibbonsville. 

That winter, fate introduced me to Ernest E. 
McElvain, Salmon High's bright new English teacher 
from Spokane, Washington. The acquaintance 
blossomed into a romance and we pledged a year 
long engagement while he taught a year in Tekoa, 
Washington and I taught the Upper Carmen School. 

When our schools were out, it was with a twinge of 
sadness that I bid goodbye to my way of life, family, 
friends, and horses. With my mother, I drove the 
faithful Ford to Spokane to begin a marriage that 
prospered for fifty-five years. Our greatest joy ever 
has been our two wonderful daughters. 

My most enjoyable personal hobby for over thirty 
years, with Ernest's blessings, has been antique cars 
and the friends who collect them. It took something 
as big as a 1918 Apperson touring car to fill the void 
left by a horse. 

Now, eighty-five years after that interrupted "hog- 
killin' day", I still claim roots in Lemhi County. 

— Maple Jones McElvain 
Archibald M. McFarland 

Arch McFarland entered LemhiCounty in 
December of 1924. He turned sixteen near Gilmore 
while trailing a band of sheep from Poplar, Idaho to 
Carmen Creek. Arch's first awareness of Lemhi 
County had occurred one month earlier when Jack 
Becker had ridden into his sheep camp to tell him to 
move the sheep to Salmon, Idaho. Jack stated that 
Arch's father had purchased a ranch on Carmen 
Creek and had sold the homestead near Ririe. 

Arch and his older brother Dave arrived at the 
new ranch on Christmas Eve. The ranch was the last 
place up the main Carmen Creek. He was greeted by 
his mother, Gudrun; his father, Pete; brothers, 
Harold and Glen; and sisters, Katie and Mary; all of 
whom had arrived earlier by train from Idaho Falls. 

The following spring, he returned to Poplar to 
drive a herd of horses to the new ranch. 

The McFarlands had a sheep operation when they 
took over the ranch. In the thirties they converted 
from sheep to cattle. During the depression, the 
bank began leasing cattle from repossessions 
elsewhere to the McFarlands. At the peak of the 
operation they had over a thousand head of cattle. 
Winter feed was purchased from Boyle (Tower) 
Creek to Bohannon Creek. In the summer the cattle 

ranged the public lands between these creeks, and 
also grazed in the Diamond-Moose Creek area to as 
far west as Pine Creek. Cattle were also pastured in 
the Big Hole in Montana. 

In the late twenties. Arch married Mary Bolander. 
To this union a daughter, Carma, was born. Later 
Arch and Mary separated. Arch's father died in 
1942. leaving the boys in charge. 

During World War II, Arch told of haying. They 
started at the mouth of Carmen Creek in June and 
finished in November at the upper ranch on the 
creek, because all the help was in the war. 

In 1945 Dave died. Shortly thereafter Arch 
married Anita Raburn, a Nebraska native, and left 
the partnership. They moved to the recently 
purchased George Howell Ranch adjoining the main 
ranch. For a short time they also owned the Carmen 
Post Office. During the fifties. Arch and Anita had 
four children: Dave, Bruce, Cindy, and Tom. 

The children were all raised on the ranch. 
Education was important to Arch and Anita though 
neither had a high school diploma. All four children 
went to college. Within two years of finishing school, 
the three boys were employed at the home ranch. 
Portions of the ranch below the home place were 
purchased in 1970. 

In 1979 Arch died. By then Dave had married 
Janet BIyth, a local schoolteacher, and had two 
children, Todd and Leanne. While working in 
American Falls, Bruce had met and married Bonnie 
Duke, a Mackay native. They also had two children, 
Katina and Kammie. 

Cindy worked for the Forest Service both in Idaho 
and in Arizona after graduating from college. After 
Arch's death, she became an Arizona resident, then 

Arch McFarland on Carmen Creek in the mid-fifties. 


returned to Idaho in 1989. She lives in Paul, Idaho 
with her daughter, Jessie. 

Dave, Bruce and Tom had helped Stan Daniels hay 
since the sixties. When Stan decided to retire, they 
leased his place and Bruce moved there. Dave built 
a house beside his mother's home on the main 
ranch. During the seventies, the boys leased Derrold 
Slavin's ranch on the Big Flat. In 1983, the boys 
purchased part of the Albert Schultz ranch at the 
mouth of Carmen Creek. 

Tom married Teresa Benedict, daughter of Ralph 
and Colleen Benedict of Salmon, about this time. 
They lived at the Schultz place for a time, then 
moved to the home place. They have two children, 
Seth and Kallie. 

— Dave McFarland 
Harold and Ethel Philps McFarland 

Harold McFarland and Ethel Philps were married in 
Challis, Idaho at the home of her parents, Dr. and 
Mrs. R.W. and Ethel Philps on June 26, 1938. Ethel 
and Harold met at a dance out at the old Rainbow 
Club owned then by Henry and Sadie Neal, and 
danced their way through thirty-four years of 
married life. Ethel was teaching at Lower Carmen 
and boarding with Fred and Precious Kohl. She 
received ninety dollars a month for eight months 
that first year, but was raised to one hundred and 
twenty for the other five years that she taught 
there. During that time, she took leave for two years 
while she gave birth to Kay and Sally. In those days 
Carmen District furnished the books, which was an 
incentive for families with several children to move 
into the district. She found herself one of those 
years teaching forty-two children in all eight grades. 

Harold was a cattle rancher who, with his brothers 
Arch, Dave, and Glen, and the bank, owned a large 
ranch at the head of Carmen Creek. Hundreds of 
cows, but they didn't have any cash. This was the 
predicament of all the ranchers in Lemhi County at 
that time. 

Together Harold and Ethel made a home for 
themselves on the ranch. There was no running 
water or electricity, but there was a well-worn path 
in the backyard. In 1947, Kay and Sally were joined 
by Harold James (Jim) who is their only son. Now he 
and his wife, Cherie, are owners of Carmida 
Livestock, which is the lower half of the original 
ranch. Their two oldest daughters have left the nest. 
Lisa is married and Gina is a nurse. Brandon is a 
Junior at Salmon High School, Britt a fifth grader, 
and Chimerie is in the fourth grade. 

Kay got her degree in Education at Idaho State, 
taught her first year at Leadore, Idaho and has 
taught many years in the public schools in Pocatello. 
She married Robert Elsethagen of Pocatello and 

STANDING: Sally Foss, Jim McFarland, Kay Elsethagen SEATED: 
Sue Smith, Ethel McFarland, Harold McFarland, Tammy Eichner. 
Photo was taken on Ethel and Harold's 30th wedding anniversary. 

they have four children. The two oldest boys are 
married. Robert Jr. just graduated from Idaho State 
with a degree in business. Randy is in the U.S. Air 
Force. Angela is a senior at Highland High School 
and sings with the Highland choir. Rylan is a fifth 
grader at St. Anthony School. Their father, Robert, 
works at Thiokol in Utah and comes home on 

Sally earned her teaching degree at Idaho State 
where she met her husband Gary Foss (band 
teacher and fireworks expert). She teaches all the 
music from kindergarten through fifth grade. Their 
son and daughter, Eryk and Kristin are studying to 
be teachers at the University of Idaho. Their son Leif 
is in the U.S. Marines. Hans is a senior this year at 
Salmon High School. 

In 1949, Kathy Sue (better known as Sue) joined 
the family. She is now married to Jim Smith, 
Superintendent of Salmon Schools, and they have 
five children. Bryce is in the U.S. Army in Alaska. 
Jaycob is a junior at Salmon High. Beth is in the 
eighth grade and Becky and Tom are in elementary 
school. Sue received her teaching degree at Utah 

Tamara Ann was born October 10, 1953. She 
married Tom Eichner and has lived in Montana for 
many years. Tammy was able to finish her education 
at the University of Montana and received her 
degree in Education (what else?). She now teaches 
in Lolo, Montana, loves her job and is an excellent 
teacher. She and Tom have two children. Clay plays 
in the high school band and will be marching in the 
Rose Bowl Parade next year. Jenny is a fifth grader, 
plays the piano and oboe, and loves life. 

Harold was past master of the Carmen Grange and 
the Salmon River Pomona Grange, President of the 


Lemhi Cattle and Horse Growers, and for many 
years was a director of the State Cattlemen's 
organization. He was chosen Grassman of the Year 
for Lemhi County, and was on the County Planning 
Board. He was respected by all of his friends and 
neighbors. It was a great loss to his family and the 
whole community when cancer took him from their 
midst September 28, 1972. 

— Ethel McFarland 

(Ethel McFarland was a teacher in the Salmon schools for many 
years. She began trips to Mexico for her advanced Spanish Class 
students and initiated many other innovative ideas in secondary 
education. Her enthusiasm for learning extended into her later 
years, and she never really did retire. She had a boundless energy 
and enriched the community with her many contributions of time 
and wisdom. Ethel passed away November 2, 1991, but she'll 
dance forever at the Carmen Grange in the memories of those 
who knew her.) 

— History Committee 

Lawrence and Lenna McFarland 

Lenna Whittaker and Lawrence McFarland, photo was taken 
January 27, 1954. 

Thomas Lawrence McFarland was born September 
24, 1891 in Ogden, Utah to his parents, Charles 
Blair and Susan Adelia Etherington McFarland. As a 
youth, Lawrence had naturally curly hair and 
became known as "Curly". He was also known by 
the initials of his name, "T.L.". His wife, Lenna, 
preferred to call him "Lawrence". 

Lenna Whittaker was born January 31. 1905 in 
Circleville, Utah to her parents, John and Caroline 
Rosalia Peterson Whittaker. In September, 1915, her 
parents moved to a ranch ten miles west of Leadore. 
Lenna was ten years old and remembered the train 
trip to Idaho. She attended the Lee Creek School 
and graduated from the eighth grade there. Lenna 
enjoyed walking along the mountain streams and 
hiking in the hills that surrounded her home. 

Lawrence and his older brother. Arch, first came 
to Lemhi County in June, 1915, where they 
purchased a 320 acre ranch near Junction. 

Lawrence entered the army on August 5, 1918 at 
Ogden. He went through training camp and was on 
shipboard in the New York harbor ready to sail when 
the World War I German Armistice was signed 
November 11, 1918. He was honorably discharged 
February 27, 1919 from Camp Funston, Kansas. 

The summer of 1924, Lawrence agreed to buy out 
his brother's half interest in the ranch. On 
December 22, 1926, Lawrence married Lenna 
Whittaker in Dillon, Montana. Together they 

continued to operate the ranch for eight years. They 
hired Bill Rees, a bachelor, to herd their sheep. His 
father, Robert G. Rees, had homesteaded a tract of 
land along the Lemhi River, fifteen miles north of 
Leadore, along the main road to Salmon. Bill Rees 
was the surviving executor of his father's estate. Bill 
told Lawrence he could move onto the Rees Ranch 
for a down payment and yearly payments thereafter. 

Lawrence and Lenna saw that this was an 
opportunity they could not pass. In June, 1934, they 
moved from the ranch at Leadore to the Rees 
Ranch on Maiers Lane. The spring of 1935, 
Lawrence planted peas in the fertile soil below the 
Rees house. They produced very well. The growing 
season was a little longer than at Leadore, and the 
water rights more adequate. Bill Rees was a good 
farmer and continued to work for the McFarlands. 
Eventually they were able to pay for the ranch 
through lots of hard work and sacrafice. 

The Rees house was constructed of square logs 
with chinking between the logs. Square nails were 
also used. In 1940, the house was remodeled, wired 
for electricity and had modern plumbing installed. 
Lawrence's brother, Roy, from Ogden came up and 
did the plumbing and electrical wiring for direct 
current (DC) electricity generated by a water 
turbine. The water turbine was installed down by the 
sheep sheds and a ditch was built especially to 
supply water to it. This ranch was one of the first in 


the south end of Lemhi County to have electricity 
and modern conveniences. 

In 1964, Lawrence and Lenna built a new brick 
home on the ranch and they lived happily in it for 
ten years. Then on April 26, 1974, Lawrence died 
from a massive heart attack while in the hospital in 
Salmon. Five years later, on April 24, 1979, Lenna 
died from cancer in the Salmon hospital. 

Three children were born to Lawrence and Lenna. 
Lowell Blair McFarland was born May 25, 1928 in 
Leadore and died December, 1945. ( Francis) John 
McFarland was born June 5, 1930 in Salmon and 
died April 18, 1945. Melva Aileen McFarland was 
born December 28, 1934 in Salmon. She married 
Tex James Kauer on October 17, 1958 in Idaho 
Falls. They are the parents of four children: Blair 
James, Quinn Lawrence, Celestia (Celeste) Rose, 
and Bethia Aileen. 

Melva and Tex are very appreciative of being able 
to manage the ranch which Melva's parents labored 
throughout their lives to build. 

— Melva Kauer 

Peter M. and Gudriin McFarland 

Peter and Gudrun McFarland and their six 
children; David, Archie, Katie McFarland Neal, 
Harold, Mary McFarland Parmenter, and Glen, 
moved from their previous home in Poplar, Idaho to 
the former Becker Ranch on Carmen Creek, arriving 
there on December 17, 1924. 

The two older boys, David and Archie, started 
earlier and drove a band of sheep from Poplar to 
Birch Creek, over the pass and down the Lemhi 
River, then through the hills to the ranch on Carmen 
Creek, arriving there on Christmas Eve, 1924. 

The rest of the McFarland family, including their 
mother and father, came to Armstead, which was in 
the Clark Canyon Reservoir area. They then boarded 
a nine passenger car, that had Isinglass windows. 
That didn't help much in the forty degree cold 
snowy weather. When they got to Leadore, they 
boarded the G. & P. Railroad and traveled on it to 

Arch, Katie, Harold, Mary, Dave. Peter, Gudrun, Glen McFarland, 
photo taken in 1925. 



The Becker brothers, Harry, Jerry, and Jack soon 
were moved out. The McFarlands bought a band of 
sheep from them. They ran two bands of sheep then 
for about two years. Then, after heavy losses on the 
rough range down by Gibbonsville, the family bought 
some cows. 

The closest school was eight miles down the creek 
at Lower Carmen. There were four McFarland 
children, and two of Julius Johannesen's, who was 
Mrs. McFarland's brother, making six in all, as well 
as the families below them. The Jim Palmer family 
lived on a place adjoining McFarlands on the lower 
end, and there were others up the east fork of the 
creek and on Davis Creek. The fall after they arrived, 
the Upper Carmen School District was formed and 
Mr. McFarland donated land on the lower end of his 
place. They built the school, which was used until 
school consolidation was a factor. 

The first year the students went to school in the 
old Sandiland house. Pearl Curtiss, later Mrs. John 
Roberts, was the teacher and she lived in one room 
and held school in the other, all eight grades. 

The spring and fall brandings became quite an 
event. Katie's husband, Ernest Neal, would come to 
help and pick up neighbors, Milton Slavin, Guy 
Roberts, and others. Eventually, nearly all the close 
ranchers would help each other brand or thresh 
grain, or whatever else needed to be done. Of 
course the women came, too, to help prepare the 
food and socialize. Most of the children came, too, 
even if they had to skip school to do it. 

Electricity and oiled roads came up the creek in 
the 1940's. The road had been graveled in the 
thirties, before that it could become a muddy mess 
with drivers having to use teams to get through 
some of the places. The McFarlands sometimes 
carried produce to Salmon to sell, such as grain or 
even butchered turkeys for a few years, and his 
family liked to ride in with him on the wagon. 

Another memorable experience was driving a herd 
of pigs to Salmon to ship on the train. A Mr. Neiman 
and a Mr. Gray would bring their hogs up from Big 
Flat and join the herds with the McFarlands. It was 
quite an exciting experience, driving them through 
Salmon, over to the train yards, to be loaded and 
shipped to Eastern markets. 

After Peter McFarland died, his sons, David, 
Archie, Harold, and Glen took over the ranch. Now 
they are deceased, but the ranch is still in the 
McFarland name. 

— Katie McFarland Neal 

Hal Morris ? ? ^ 

(teacher of 

Mandttln. Guitar. Ttanla and Violin. 

Mimic (urniKlic'l Inr il.tncr*, |<nrlie9, etc. 

Iiinlnii.iclilo irpaiiril. 

McFrederick Family 

Glenn McFrederick was born in Gorham, New 
Hampshire on March 4, 1902 - the day Teddy 
Roosevelt was inaugerated as President. He moved 
to Maine with his parents, James and Lillian Bigger 
McFrederick. In Maine James worked as a railroad 
brakeman. He was killed about twelve years later. 

Lillian moved to Lemhi County with her three 
children, Glenn, Roland, and Louise. They lived with 
her brother-in-law. Jack McFrederick, and his wife 
Mira at their small ranch just below Fourth of July 
Creek. Jack worked as a logger for a sawmill owner, 
Mr. Bradshaw, in the "Bull of the Woods" - later 
renamed Hughes Creek. Jack also contracted and 
constructed the first wagon road into the Big Hole 
Valley from Gibbonsville, using a team and slip. 

Lillian went to work as a cook for James Isley, a 
retired railroad mule skinner, at his ranch on the Big 
Flat. They later married. Glenn worked for Mr. Isley 
as a farmhand. At fourteen, Glenn was left to tend 
cattle in Moose Creek Basin. He thought this was 
the first cattle grazing permitted on the Salmon 
National Forest. After becoming proficient at driving 
a six-horse hitch, he hauled lumber from a sawmill 
near the forks of Wagonhammer Creek to Salmon 
and vicinity for many of the houses built in Lemhi 
County. Later he hauled potatoes to the Gilmore and 
Pittsburg Railroad for Amos Ferris, John McKinney, 
Chris Neilson and others. 

In 1926, Glenn and Gladys V. Beattie were 
married. They had two children. Jack W. and Glenna 
J. Glenn worked for a time in and around potato 
cellars for Vic Robertson, and later for Tom 
Benedict, driving stage to Mackay. Early in 1930, he 
went to work for the Pioneer Garage, owned and 
operated by Dott Nichols, Dan O'Connell, and Frank 
Bellamy. He was the assistant assessor when he died 
after a long illness in 1971. Gladys still lives in 
Salmon after retiring from a full life as wife, mother, 
telephone employee, and florist. 

Roland married Hazel Guleke, daughter of Captain 
Harry Guleke, famous river scout captain. They had 
two children, Jimmy and Betty. Later Roland 
married Dorothy Christensen. They had two 
children, Kathleen and Michael. Roland spent most 
of his life as a painter in California, painting houses 
and Navy ships. He died in Lemhi County in 1978. 

Louise returned to Baldwinsville, New York with 
her mother and Mr. Isley when she was about 
fourteen years old. Here she became a nurse. Her 
family lost track of her after her mother died in 

Glenn's son. Jack W., began school in 1933 in the 
old Lincoln schoolhouse, where he attended grade 
one through six. He and his classmates watched the 
WPA workers build the new school across the street, 
which would house grades seven through twelve. 


Jack graduated from Salmon High School in 1945; 
enrolled in the Naval Reserve that fall; and then 
enrolled in the College of Forestry at the University 
of Idaho, graduating in 1952 with a B.S. degree in 
wood utilization. He then returned to Salmon to 
work for the Salmon National Forest. Jack and 
Nancy Bartlett were married in 1954. They had four 
children; John R. (Rick), Candis, Mark, and Jeffrey. 

Jack worked four years at the Yellowjacket Ranger 
Station, then moved his family to Leadore when he 
was appointed Leadore District Ranger. In 1960, 
they left Lemhi County for awhile, returning in 1966 
to work for the Intermountain Lumber Company as 
sales manager. He retired in 1985. In 1987 he went 
back to work for the Forest Service, marking 
sawtimber on the North Fork District. He retired 
from that in 1991. 

Jack and Nancy still live in Salmon where Nancy 
works at Quality Motors. Rick, Candis, and Jeffrey 
also live in Lemhi County. Mark lives in Washington 
where he practices veterinary medicine. Jack and 
Nancy have nine grandchildren. 

Glenna married Harry J. McCarty in 1951. They 
had one son, Gary, and adopted one son. Michael. 
Ian Gary is a Major in the 7th Army Corp in Saudia 
Arabia with his home base in Frankfurt, Germany. 
Harry passed away in 1989, due to a malignant brain 
tumor. Glenna lives in Eugene, Oregon and has four 

— Jack W. McFrederick 
— Gladys McFrederick 

Glenn McFrederick riding "Spooney", 1925. 

Louis Estel and Kim Boseau McGhehey 

Louis Estel McGhehey was born to Louis Nolan 
and Hazel Addison McGhehey in Hamilton, Ohio. 
Louis (Sr.) was born in Castleton, Indiana in 1878. 
He worked as a farmer and managed his father's 
farm. He moved to Ohio in the early 1900's. Louis 
had two sons from a previous marriage, Emerson 
and Paul. Their mother, Grace, died in 1930. 
Emerson died in 1945 and Paul in 1947. 

Hazel was born in 1911 and was orphaned at the 
age of eight. She moved to Ohio to live with her 
brothers. Hazel worked as a babysitter and maid 
during the Depression. During World War II, she 
worked at defense plants. It was at the Estate Stove 
Co. that she selected the name Estel. Louis and 
Hazel lived on a farm for two years, then they 
moved to the city. They returned to the country 
where Louis worked as a caretaker of Conservation 
Lake until his death in 1956. Hazel remarried in 
1961 to Virgil Powell. He died in 1978 and Hazel 
passed away in 1990. 

Louis Estel was educated in New Miami High 
School in Ohio. Louis has one sister, Estella Gill, and 
a nephew, Ronnie Gill, living in Hamilton, Ohio. Louis 
worked in different machine shops. In 1977, he 
began working at Hamilton Tool Co. He served as 
Union Committeeman, Chairman of the Safety 
Committee, and editor of the Union Newspaper. In 
1988 due to health problems, he took leave to come 
West with his wife, Kim, and her two daughters from 
a previous marriage, Rebecca and Mary. 

Kim Louise Boseau was born in Hamilton, Ohio on 
November 1, 1962 to Solomon David Boseau and 
Sara Alta McDaniel. Solomon (Sam) was born in 
Harrison, Ohio on February 16, 1938 and works for 
the Champion Paper International in Hamilton, Ohio. 
He has one brother and two sisters, but two other 
brothers have passed away. 

Sara was born in Connersville, Indiana on July 3, 
1943. She has one brother, Monti McDaniel. she is 
currently disabled. Both parents have remarried and 
live in Hamilton, Ohio. Solomon's wife's name is 
Naomi Jane Boseau (Tate) and Sara's husband's 
name is Denver Gabbard. 

Kim has one sister, Penny Stouffer, born August 
11, 1965. Penny lives with her husband, Brett, and 
their three children in Hamilton, Ohio. Kim attended 
schools in Ohio and graduated from Hamilton High 
School in 1981. During high school, she worked at 
McDonald's and in her Senior year she began work 
at Hamilton Tool Co. in the CAD-CAM department. In 
1984, Kim moved to Missouri to attend Bible 
College, from which she received a two year 

Louis and Kim settled in Carmen, Idaho in August, 
1988, in Pleasant Meadows. They live in a log cabin 
home. Louis enjoys reading, photography, hunting. 


fishing, and camping. Kim enjoys cooking, sewing, 
gardening, hunting, fishing, and camping. A son was 
born to the house of McGhehey. Nolan David 
Addison McGhehey was born June 11, 1989 at home 
with the aid of a midwife, Annette Lewis. Kim and 
Louis are expecting another child in September, 
1991. The name selected for a girl Is Sarah Addison 
or, for a boy, Jeremiah Isaac Benjamin. The 
McGhehey family attends the Salmon Valley Baptist 
Church. Kim has the Nursery Class for Sunday 
School. She also substitute teaches in the Junior 
High School. Louis is part of the Salmon Search and 
Rescue, serving in 1991 as First Vice-Commander. 
The McGhehey's belong to the Carmen Grange. 

— Louis McGhehey 

Salmon River Days, 1990 - Louis (with Dog, Sam), Rebecca, Baby 
Nolan, Kim, and Mary McGhehey. 

McKinney Family 

For over one hundred years, the name McKinney 
has been closely connected with Lemhi County 
history. Notable bearers of the name must begin 
with Peter McKinney, who first came to Salmon in 
early 1890. Mr. McKinney, Canadian-born in 1866, 
was the son of John (a wheelwright) and Mary 
McKinney, Irish and Scotch immigrants, respectively, 
who also came to Salmon eventually to spend their 
final years. 

As a youth Peter McKinney hired on as a cook's 
helper on Great Lakes freighters. When he came to 
Salmon, he bought what is now the Slavin Ranch on 
Big Flat; to help pay for it, he hired out as cook in 
1897 for 150 miners at the Red Onion Boarding 
House just above the old Gibtown townsite. He is 
reputed to have done the job alone with two or 
three "flunkies" to wait on the tables. 

Peter, a small man of limitless energy, usually 
moved on the run rather than a walk. Cook's wages 
launched Mr. McKinney on a career of extensive 
ranch holdings. Along with his sister, the late Minnie 
Shenon Hart, and with H.H. Boomer, early day 
contractor, and banker Andrew J. Davis of Butte, Mr. 
McKinney formed the Lemhi Land and Orchard and 
Shenon Land Companies. Peter supervised both 
spreads which, together, ran 4,000 to 5,000 cattle 
and several hundred horses on nine ranches in the 
county here, as well as a 4,000-head sheep outfit at 
Belle Fourche, S.D. Peter also once owned the 
present Piva Ranch at Challis, but sold that about 

Peter and Rose McKinney had three children - 
John and Clark and a daughter, Cassie. Of the three, 
only Cassie, now 101, survives. John was born in 
1892 and Clark in 1904. Clark's daughter, Jean 
McKinney, retired from a California travel agency, 
and now lives at Salmon. 

Cattle always have been the mainstay of McKinney 
operations. Peter also was the family's first cattle 
dealer; he traveled to Challis and the Pahsimeroi 
Valley by horse and buggy, bought and gathered as 
many as 1,000 head at a time and drove them to 
Salmon in the days before stock trucks, trailers, and 
oiled roads. 

Having first worked as cattle foreman on his 
father's big holdings, John McKinney later became a 
respected rancher and cattle buyer. In 1914, John 
married Laura Whitwell, daughter of Salmon's Dr. 
W.C. and Nora Whitwell. Hallmarks of a McKinney 
ranch always have been orderliness and neatness, 
well-kept buildings, efficient corrals, gates that swing, 
good saddle horses, and well-fed top-quality cattle. 

The John McKinneys had two sons - Jack and 
Sam. Sam, since 1946, has been the ov^/ner of what 
was the Don Pyeatt ranch at Lemhi. Later he added 
the neighboring Russell Yearian ranch. In 1974, Sam 
was elected to the Eastern Idaho Agricultural Hall of 

Jack is the third McKinney to engage in cattle 
buying, although the reputation of his family 
predecessors for fair dealing and honesty in that 
vocation may not hold up in his case. 

Four generations of McKinneys have held public 
office. Peter was elected County Commissioner five 
different times. His son, John, on Salmon's City 
Council two terms, was serving his second term as 
County Commissioner when he died in 1950. Sam 


spent eighteen years as County Commissioner, 
twenty-eight years on Leadore's School Board, and 
is currently on Steele Memorial Hospital's Board. 
In the county's historical annals, the McKinney 
name evidently will continue on. Jack and Helen 
McKinney are parents of John, a Salmon attorney; 
he and Carol have three sons - Jack H., Matt and 
Peter. Sam and Barbara McKinney have two sons, 
Mark and Whit, both with them in the ranch 
operation. Mark and wife, Melissa, have two 
daughters - Amanda and Breean, and a son, Cale. 

— Jack W. McKinney 

John S. McKinney, 1948 

Grover Reddington McLaughlin 

Grover (that's me) and his mother, Nellie 
Herschey McLaughlin, moved to Leadore from Butte 
in 1929. Nellie worked at the hotel and cafe for Mrs. 

I was five at the time and had a lot of "free" time 
while Mom worked, so I "latched" onto the local 
butcher. Buck Reddington. Buck would take me on 
trips to the local ranchers to get beef, hogs, etc. for 
the shop. During this time, I introduced my "hero" 
to Mom. In due time, they married and made my life 
very happy; "Hell, I was in Seventh Heaven!". Then 
reality set in. I was sent to school, so no more 
"free" time with Buck all day, and to top it off, no 
more nights with Mom, I had my own room. Buck 

had to use a razor strap to convince me that my 
room was where I belonged for sleeping time! 

I attended primary grades in Leadore. I remember 
Lilli Purcell, first grade teacher; actually she taught 
three grades. I loved her and thought she was the 
most beautiful and wonderful person, that is until 
she found out I was only five and made me repeat 
first grade. I remember the Cannon boys finding me 
by the trail on the way to school. I got tired, laid 
down and went to sleep; darn near froze to death. 

We moved to Salmon in 1930. My brother, Orville, 
was born in Salmon. My high school days in Salmon 
were quite eventful. I would like to mention a few 
people who had a great influence on my life. First 
and foremost, was my Dad, Buck Reddington. He 
was the janitor at the school. Many of us spent a lot 
of time in the boiler room with our "Counselor" 
Buck. He advised us on everything - getting good 
grades, going to work, or joining the armed services. 
(This was when the world was in turmoil, 1939-40, 
Hitler, etc.) Golden Welch, coach and teacher, was a 
great man. He was a wonderful "image" for me to 
follow. A.B. Anderson, Superintendent, was another 
person who helped me and many more through 
school. C.C. Dickerson, High School Principal, was 
such a kind and caring man. Clara Diggles and Ike 
Gutzman, fifth and sixth grade teachers. How could I 
not have wanted to be a teacher? 

I met Margie Watson during my Junior year. She 
was a Senior. We were married in 1942 after I 
graduated. I enlisted in the U.S. Navy in 1943 and 
served in the Asiatic Pacific Theatre during World 
War II. 

Sherry was born June, 1943 in Salmon at the 
Stine Maternity Home. Discharged in 1946, I 
returned to Salmon and went to work for Walt Harris 
at the Economy Grocery until 1948. Margie Lynn 
was born in 1947 in Salmon. 

I enrolled at Montana State University, Missoula in 
1948. I worked at the Main Lounge for Ken Swift, 
another person who helped me a great deal to get 
the "sheepskin" from college. 

In 1952, I joined the Superior School System in 
Superior, Montana. I taught and coached there for 
ten years. Kathy Ann was born in 1952 in Missoula, 
Montana. Superior's basketball team won the State 
Championship in 1959. Nellie, my Mom, passed 
away in 1959. She and Bucko were married thirty 

I moved to Arlee, Montana as teacher, coach and 
elementary principal in 1960. Margie passed away 
that year from a sudden illness. I then moved to 
Browning, Montana as a teacher, coach and high 
school principal. In 1972, we moved to Hot Springs, 
Montana where I became Superintendent of Schools. 
I ended my career in education at Alberton, Montana 
in 1987. 

Sherry is the mother of three - Tammy, Tim and 


Debbie. Margie Lynn has Ann, John and Robert. 
Kathy has two - Scott and Misty. Of my two adopted 
daughters - Terry has three children - Lori, Rhonda 
and Caria; and Jackie has four - Samantha, George, 
Jamie and Kristie. 

I now live in Missoula with my wife, Frieda. We live 
at 4820 Mallard Way. We keep busy with ilowers, 
lawns, dogs, cats and kids coming and going. It is a 
great life and I love every minute of it. 

— Grover McLaughlin 
Barbara Barrack McNicoll 

(Taken from the September 26, 1912 issue of the weekly paper 
of Salmon, Idaho.) 

The death of Mrs. Barbara McNicoll which 
occurred in Salmon last week removes from this city 
and county one more of the early day pioneers. She 
was formerly Miss Barrack, born in Scotland, sister 
to the well-known pioneers of this county, Alexander, 
George and John Barrack. She would have been 
sixty-five years of age in December. 

In 1883 she was married to Robert McNicoll, one 
of the foremost citizens of the county, and after a 
brief residence in Leesburg, they moved to Salmon 
where they enjoyed a good home until her 
husband's death. 

Mrs. McNicoll was always a remarkably active and 
influential woman, prominent in counsels and service 
in both the Methodist Church and the Eastern Star 
Lodge. She was also a leader in many other 
movements for the up-building of Salmon, and until 
the hand of sickness had so weakened her physical 
constitution that she could no longer attend to such 
duties. She was a constant worker for the cause of 
good. Her son, and only child, Murdock McNicoll, 
was the only relative present during her late sickness 
and death. She possessed a character full of charity 
and Christian grace and has made the world better 
by reasons of her having lived in it. 

Barbara Barrack McNicoll was born December 6, 
1847 in Drumoak, Aberdeenshire, Scotland and died 
September 20, 1912 at Salmon, Idaho, the daughter 
of Alexander Barrack and Margaret Watson. 

— LaVonne Bartschi 

David McNutt 

David was a man described as "known-of by many, 
but known by only a few". He was born in Scotland 
in 1829, and he and his parents came to America in 
1842. As a young man, David was in California in 
1850, having followed the gold stampede across the 
plains. He made a stake and returned to New York 
by way of the Isthmus of Panama. In 1860, he went 

from New York to Missouri and took passage on a 
river steamboat to Fort Benton, Montana. He spent 
some time then in Virginia City and Helena. In 1862, 
he engaged in the business of driving herds of beef 
cattle from California to the gold camps of Montana. 
During the year 1863, he drove a herd of cattle from 
California to the Boise Basin and Idaho City. He also 
drove cattle to Roseberg, Oregon. Throughout those 
years, McNutt participated in several Indian 

In Last Chance Gulch in 1866, he and Fred Phillips 
became partners as merchants and traders. When 
placer gold was discovered on Napias Creek in the 
Leesburg basin that year, McNutt and Phillips came 
to Leesburg and opened that area's first general 
store, which they operated very profitably for 
several years. A pioneer salesman, Nate Rosenboum, 
is known to have sold gum-boots in twenty-one case 
lots to the McNutt and Phillips Store. David bought 
his partner's interest in the store in the early 1870's 
and continued to operate it until 1875. 

McNutt also purchased about 1000 acres on 
Moose Creek, equipping it for large scale hydraulic 
placer mining. After 1875, he concentrated on these 
placer mines and is said to have washed out one 
million dollars worth of gold dust. He sold them to 
the Pacific Dredging Co., in 1897 or 1898. In the 
1990 Salmon High School publication, PATCHWORK, 
Mike Lawrence's article "David's Big Mess" 
examines the rumors and speculations that McNutt's 
Moose Creek operation contributed to the negative 
impact on the Salmon River by Dump Creek. At one 
time there was a post office on Moose Creek named 
for McNutt. 

David McNutt 


Locating in Salmon, McNutt built in 1901, an 
impressive two-story brick building at the southeast 
corner of Main Street and Terrace, currently the site 
of McPherson's Dry Goods. It was originally designed 
to house two large retail establishments with offices 
on the second floor; a granite block in the cornice 
bears the words "McNutt Block". In February, 1910, 
Edgar Samuel Edwards purchased the McNutt Block 
for $30,000. The Edwards Estate sold the McNutt 
Block to Paul McPherson on March 28, 1946. 

On October 14, 1885, David McNutt had 
purchased 160 acres on Big Flat from John and 
Elizabeth Hickey. The ranch, now part of the Hot 
Springs Ranch, is eight miles north of Salmon. David 
conducted a large stock operation, raising cattle, 
horses and mules on a large scale. An item in the 
August 3, 1892 (Recorder) says, "David McNutt has 
a handsome top-buggy, made to order, and the best 
finished vehicle ever to be brought to this city." 

McNutt, "known-of by many, but known by few", 
was best known by Edgar Samuel Edwards. In 
Leesburg they engaged in a few joint ventures. When 
McNutt took up residence in Salmon City, he 
headquartered at the International Hotel, owned by 
Edwards, living there from about 1892 until it was 
sold in 1911. McNutt resided with Edgar and Susan 
Edwards in their home on Center Street until, his 
health failing, he moved to the hotel at the Durand 
Hot Springs where he died on May 25, 1913. McNutt 
was a large man with a powerful physique and not a 
slim build, which would have made his care toward 
the end of his life difficult. At the Hot Springs, he 
had one of the finest rooms, a double with a bathtub 
and a balcony. His obituary mentions that a 
grandnephew, Mr. Hawk, stayed with him the last 
few months. 

David McNutt never married and had very few 
intimate friends. His loyalty to Edwards and Edwards' 
to him is apparent in the large granite block, mined 
in Leesburg, placed in the center of the Edwards' 
plot at the Salmon Cemetery, bearing the name 
"McNutt". Edgar Samuel Edwards was named 
McNutt's executor and heir. After McNutt's death, a 
young man (perhaps the self-professed 
grandnephew) appeared, claiming to be an eligible 
heir. No civil action was filed and presumably 
nothing came of the claim. 

At the time of David's death in 1913, it was noted 
that only ten of the original Leesburg pioneers then 
remained. They were listed as: F.B. Sharkey in San 
Diego; Fred Phillips in Los Angeles; M.M. McPherson 
and A.J. MacNab in Pacific Grove; N.I. Andrews, 
James Beattie, and Jacob Finstur in Salmon; George 
Thomas in North Fork; Thos. W. Girton in 
Grangeville; and Jerry Slack in Kansas City. 

The funeral was held at the Methodist Church with 
Rev. Ellis delivering the eulogy. Pallbearers were 
Chet Mathewson, George Monk, Murd McPherson, 

Will Shoup, Eddie Edwards, Albert Amonson and J. A. 
Vaughn. It was the lure of the Leeburg gold that 
brought David McNutt here and his energy and 
enterprising spirit helped to make Lemhi County one 
of the best counties in Idaho. 

— Viola Edwards 

— Jo Whitcomb 

— Julia Randolph 

' W^ 

A reserved man, he was a devoted friend of Edgar S. Edwards. 

Roy and Margaret Medberry 

Roy and Margaret left Craig, Colorado in late 1937 
or 1938 with eight of their nine children for Idaho. 
Roy's sister. Alberta, had lived there since the gold 
rush days and ran a boarding house. She had one 
son, Arnold Fritz, who now resides in Missoula, 
Montana. Roy's brother, Lee, lived in Gibbonsville at 
the time. Not long after Roy's family moved to 
Gibbonsville, Lee left to return to Wisconsin, where 
they were born and raised. Lee died not long after, 
and his wife, Ethel, died in an Idaho Falls rest home 
a few years ago. 

Roy and Margaret lived in Gibbonsville until 1942 
when they moved to Las Vegas, Nevada. They 
remained there the rest of their lives. Margaret died 
in March, 1968, and Roy died October, 1980. 

Irene, their oldest child, never lived in Gibbonsville, 
but has lived in Idaho Falls for the past thirty years. 
She had nine children, eight of whom are still living 
and have families of their own. Her oldest son 
served twenty-seven years in the Army and died in 


The other children of Roy and Margaret lived at 
home until they went into the service. 

Carrol and Kenneth served in the South Pacific in 
World War II. Kenneth has passed away. Carrol 
married an Australian girl and had two girls. They 
later divorced and he remarried and had three more 
children, two girls and a boy. He died in 1979. 

Byron (Barney) and Loyd served in the European 
Theater of Operations in World War II. Loyd was a 
tank driver in Patton's Armored Division and was 
killed in the Battle of the Bulge. Byron never married 
and shortly after the war, drowned in Lake Mead, 

Willard married but had no children and died in 

Maxine married, lives in Las Vegas, and has three 
children, one girl and twin boys. Douglas married 
and has children, two boys and a girl. Raymond is 
married but never had children. 

— Medberry Family 

Ada Chase Merritt 

Ada Chase was born February 24, 1852, in Clinton, 
Louisiana, the daughter of Josiah and Emeline 
Stevens Chase. The family's home was in Michigan, 
where Ada spent much of her childhood. The stock- 
raising business brought the Chases to Austin, 
Nevada in 1864. Ada married Henry Merritt there in 

1870. Their children, born in Austin, were Emma, 

1871, and Allen, 1877. 

Mining led to the settlement of Salmon City, 
Idaho, and mining brought the Henry Clay Merritt 
family to the area in 1883. Josiah and Emeline 
Chase moved to Salmon the same year; Henry's 
folks had settled in Shoup a year earlier. The 
Merritts settled in Salmon, and Henry became 
superintendent of the Kentuck Mine near Shoup. A 
year later he was knocked off one of the flatboats 
that carried supplies to the mine and was drowned, 
leaving Ada with two children to support. For a time 
thereafter, she taught school. 

Two years later, on June 12, 1886, J.E. Booth 
founded the Idaho Recorder, to encourage 
settlement and investment in Salmon and the 
county. In July of 1888, he sold the paper to the 
partnership of Ada Merritt and O.W. Mintzer, and he 
stayed on as their printer. That was the beginning of 
Ada's newspaper career. She bought out Mintzer in 
October and ran the paper on her own until 1906, 
thus becoming the first woman to edit an Idaho 
paper for more than a few issues. 

The front page of the first issue under the new 
management was more than half-filled with ads. It 
also contained a schedule of mail deliveries, a 
directory of county and state officials, and lists of 

county disbursements and license approvals. The 
second page featured a greeting from the new 
proprietors. Among other things, the editors said 
they expected the paper to be truly independent, 
because one of them was a Republican and the 
other one a Democrat, "without a vote, being a 

This first four-page issue set the pattern for the 
entire period of Ada Merritt's editorship. The paper 
continued to concentrate on local activities, paying 
particular attention to the comings and goings of the 
county's residents and commenting on county and 
state politics. Another quality that the readers 
appreciated was Mrs. Merritt's sense of humor, and 
in 1892 she adopted a motto also used by other 
papers -"Here Shall the Press the People's Rights 

By the beginning of 1889, Ada was stepping boldly 
into the political arena. She did not hesitate to call 
the Republicans to task under the headline "What 
have Lemhi's Republicans Done?", and criticized the 
county's representatives for their failure to get 
money for the county. Later in the year, she advised 
voters to approve the proposed state constitution, 
but noted that, as a woman, she would be unable to 
follow her own advice. She was not, however, a 
supporter of women's suffrage. She felt that women 
were not ready for the vote; that they had not 
become interested in the matter, "but when they 
do, they will have their own way, just as they do in 
everything else which they undertake". 

Ada was married for a short time to a man by the 
name of George Walsten who had come to Salmon 
with a good recommendation from the Salt Lake 
Herald, and who was hired as an assistant at the 
Recorder. The two were married in Omaha in 1901, 
when they went there to purchase a power press 
and other machinery. 

The marriage fell apart when Ada discovered that 
he had a prison record and that he apparently had 
stolen some of the county money entrusted to her 
care. Ada was forced to make up the loss because of 
the lack of sufficient evidence against Walsten, but a 
divorce was granted to her. She received many 
letters of support from readers and friends during 
this traumatic time. She continued with the paper 
and with her other activities. 

At the age of fifty-four, she decided that she 
needed a rest, and so H.E. Frost took over as editor 
and proprietor in June, 1906. Mrs. Merritt had 
edited the paper with skill, enthusiasm, and a sure 
instinct for the interest of her community for 
eighteen years. She had also taken an active role in 
church and community affairs. She participated in 
concerts by the Methodist Episcopal Church Choir; 
was elected vice president of the Salmon City 
Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle; belonged 
to the Washington Reading Club; and was appointed 


secretary of the Women's Relief Corps, an auxiliary 
of Salmon City's Grand Army of the Republic. She 
was elected associate conductress of Hugh Duncan 
Chapter Number Two of the Order of Eastern Star in 
1893; ran for county treasurer as a Democrat in 
1900 and won; and as a delegate to the state's silver 
convention, was probably the "first lady receiving 
the honor of being elected a delegate to a public 
convention in Idaho". She was an active member of 
the Idaho State Press Association and she was 
elected its Vice President in 1905. 

After selling the Recorder, Ada Merritt moved to 
Caldwell, where she spent two years, and then 
moved to Salt Lake City. In 1912, she married 
Joseph Crain, who died seven years later. Between 
1920 and 1928, she traveled extensively, part of the 
time as companion to a wealthy heiress. She 
eventually moved to California where her daughter 
lived, and died in Santa Monica at the age of eighty- 
one in November, 1933. An obituary in the Salmon 
Recorder-Herald called her "one of the city's most 
influential citizens, a woman of unusually brilliant 
intellect, and a pleasing personality" who had lived 
"a remarkably active life full of colorful incidents" - a 
fitting epitaph for this enterprising Idaho pioneer. 

— History Committee, Doris Brown 
Delbert and Mae Miller 

We married in Bemidji, Minnesota on June 9. 
1938. At the offer of a job in Idaho, we came to 
Salmon in July, 1940. It was hot and coming over 
the Continental Divide the radiator on our little 
Chevrolet coupe boiled and melted the radiator 
hose. Many roads were dirt, and either dusty or so 
muddy that the mud built up on the tires until the 
wheels would hardly turn. We followed the mail and 
freight truck from Armstead, Montana over Bannock 
Pass to Salmon, stopping at ranches to leave freight 
or pick things up. 

We were coming to Salmon to work for Delbert's 
two older brothers, Howard and Leon, who owned 
and operated a truck line from Salmon to Armstead, 
Dillon, and Butte; also a daily mail route from 
Armstead to Salmon and back the same day. Delbert 
took care of the freight deliveries. Since the railroad 
had been removed, most of the stores received 
merchandise via Miller Brothers Truck Lines. It was 
hard work. My job was to care for Leon's little girl, 
Jennie, keep house, and cook for the truck drivers. 

Delbert was drafted into the Army in December, 
1943 and took his training at Camp Roberts, 
California. It was hard for him to leave me and our 
baby son, Roger. So many families were torn apart, 
not knowing if and when the husbands would return. 

Upon Delbert's discharge, he returned and worked 
for the truck line for' a total of twenty-three years. 

FRONT: Jean and Linda BACK: Delbert, Mae, and Roger Miller. 

We decided to have a home of our own, purchased a 
parcel of land on Lemhi Road from Sophia Demick 
Jakovac, built a house and garage, and put a pump 
on the well. The G & P Railroad had come to the 
depot through this property when Salmon had a 
railroad. We planted trees . . . shade, fruit and pine, 
and Delbert kept his horses in the pasture out back. 
We moved in during July, 1951. 

In 1963, Delbert left the truck line to work for the 
U.S. Forest Service under the supervision of Jack 
Harkness, building trails in the Dagger Falls area. 
Each spring he went with the tree planting crew, and 
many stands of new pine are those he and his crew 
planted. It gave Delbert much satisfaction to see 
those little pines growing. He also helped to build 
water stations for range cattle, fixed fences, burned 
brush and fought fires, once going to a big fire near 
Ontario, California. Delbert worked eighteen years 
for the Forest Service. 

He died November 20, 1983 at the age of sixty- 
seven. "When It's Springtime in the Rockies" was his 
favorite song. Each spring is a reminder. I have 
continued to live in our home. I worked for Salmon 
Bakery, National Laundry and Dry Cleaners, and King 
B Jerky, and raised our three children. 

Roger Ray Miller, born in Salmon July 19, 1943, 
enlisted in the Army after graduation from high 
school and served three years. He is a logger and 
has worked in many states, including Alaska. He 
married Kay Pern and they have two children, 
Richard and Dixie. They have a home on Perreau 

Linda Ann Miller, born September 19, 1948 at 
Bemidji, Minnesota, attended Link's School of 
Business and has worked for the Bureau of Land 
Management in Salmon, Casper and Cheyenne, 
Wyoming, and Boise. She married Marion J. 
Matthews, has one son, David, and lives in Boise, 


Carol Jeanne Miller, born January 21, 1950 at 
Salmon, worked for Lemhi Telephone Co., married 
Anthony Varilone, and has two children, Michael and 
Heidi. Jeanne is a bookkeeper for an oil company in 
Soda Springs where they have a home. 

No difference where I go, Salmon will always be 
home to me. 

— Mae Miller 

Fred and Diane Miller 

Frederick Von Miller is the son of Betty Longhurst 
Green and Charles Frederick Miller. He was born 
March 16, 1959. He married Diane Moore of Ackley, 
Minnesota. They have two daughters, Leslie Marie, 
born March 28, 1983 and Veronica, born September 
17, 1986. 

Fred attended grade school in Salmon, except for 
one year in Stevensville, Montana. He graduated 
from Salmon High School and attended Idaho State 
University in 1976. Both Fred and Diane worked in 
Salmon. Fred did cement work for Jay Wellard, and 
also worked for the Forest Service. Diane worked for 
the Stagecoach Motel. 

Fred has been associated with King's Stores since 
1983. He trained for several months in the Salmon 
store, and then has been in several stores in the 
Utah-Idaho area. He has been a King's manager for 
the last four years. Presently, he is manager of the 
new King's store in Rigby, Idaho. 

Fred survived a terrible accident in Salmon in 
1978. He fell from the back of a moving pickup 
truck, and suffered injuries to his head that put him 
in the Pocatello Regional Hospital for two months. 
After the good care and therapy there, and his own 
determination to get better, he has recovered 

Fred and Diane enjoy gardening, and Fred likes to 
do carpenter work. They both enjoy their girls and 
are very devoted parents. 

— Pat Halton 

Diane and Veronica, and Fred and Leslie Miller 

Jack A. Miller and Fauntella Smith Miller 

Jack Anderson Miller was born January 8, 1921 on 
the family homestead at Patterson, Idaho. He is the 
third of five children born to Edward Ruben and 
Leora Etta Wells Miller. When Dr. Oilman delivered 
the baby, he said, "Hi there. Buster!"; thus giving 
Jack the nickname of "Buster" or "Bus" as he was 
known for the rest of his life. Jack's childhood was 
spent in the Pahsimeroi Valley. He attended the 
Patterson School through the eighth grade. While 
attending high school at Challis, he boarded with his 
aunt, Frances Miller Grubb. 

Jack worked at the Ima Mine (a tungsten mine in 
Patterson Creek Canyon) from age seventeen until 
enlisting in the U.S. Navy in 1944. He took basic 
training at Farragut, Idaho then served with the 16th 
Stevedore and the 134th Motor USNCB Battalions 
on Guam in the Pacific. After being discharged in 
1946 Jack again went to work at the mine which 
was now owned and operated by the Bradley Mining 
Company of San Francisco. Within a year he was 
promoted to Maintenance Superintendent, a position 
he held until the mine shut down in 1957. 

December 18, 1948, Jack married Fauntella 
(Teddy) Smith in Pocatello. Teddy had taught school 
at Patterson the previous year and was currently 
completing her education for a BS degree in geology 
at Utah State University. She graduated in 1949. 
Teddy and Jack made their home at Patterson. She 
was employed by the local school district to teach 
grades four through eight for two years. 

A son, Leo Edward, was born to the couple June 5, 
1952. A daughter, Roni Marie, was born May 8, 1955 
completing the family. 

Teddy went back into the classroom in the winter 
of 1959. Clarence Kimpton, Superintendent of the 
Challis School District, hired her to teach grades one 
through eight at the Goldburg School (This school 
was located about fifteen miles up the valley from 

In 1961, the three Pahsimeroi Valley schools 
(Goldburg, Patterson, and May) consolidated, 
becoming part of the Challis School District. Because 
of its central location and new larger facility, the 
consolidated school was located at Patterson. Teddy 
taught grades three, five, and six. Roberta 
Kirkpatrick, who had been teaching at May taught 
first and second, and Carroll Higgenson taught 
fourth, seventh, and eighth. During the 1963-64 
school year, Teddy taught first and second grades, 
Lillian Juntenen taught third, fourth and fifth, and 
Eileen Wallis taught the upper grades. 

Meantime, since the closure of the Ima Mine in 
1957, Jack had gone to work for Machinery Center 
of Salt Lake City, Utah. He was employed to 
liquidate the mine machinery, rail, buildings, etc. 
This was completed by 1960 and Jack was 


transferred to the Blackbird Mine at Cobalt. 
Machinery Center had bought this property from 
Howe Sound and was selling some of the machinery, 
warehouse supplies, etc. 

At first there was no school at Cobalt so Teddy 
and the children stayed at Patterson to attend 
school. One year Teddy taught just her own children 
at home in Cobalt. Then Roger Pierce, owner of 
Machinery Center, decided to mine for copper. This 
brought in a larger population and the school started 
up again (as part of the Salmon School District). 
Teddy was hired to teach the 28 students in grades 
one through eight. As the school population 
increased, additional teachers were hired. Gladys 
Smith taught the lower grades for two years. David 
Zook taught the upper grades for one year, Ann 
Dunlap and Felix Dunlap taught one year. The school 
closed again in 1968 or 1969. 

Jack worked at the mine as mechanic, electrician, 
and supervisor. In 1967 Hanna Mining Company of 
Cleveland, Ohio bought controlling interest in the 
Blackbird Mine and formed the Idaho Mining 
Company. Jack worked for Idaho Mining Company 
until his retirement in 1982. The mine changed 
hands again in 1978 when Noranda Mining Company 
purchased controlling interest. Noranda had plans to 
operate the mine and invested a considerable 
amount of money renovating the mill and townsite 
and doing geologic exploration of the surrounding 
area. Jack continued on Hanna's payroll but assisted 
Noranda in the renovation of the townsite. 
Unfortunately, the price of cobalt dropped and 
Noranda never went into production. The town site 
went on the auction block in the summer of 1987. 
The mill was sold, dismantled, and shipped to Mexico 
in 1990. 

In 1968 Teddy and Jack bought a home in Salmon 
so the children could attend high school. Teddy 
continued to work in education and during the 
summers she attended Utah State University, 
receiving a MED degree in Special Education in 1976. 
Her work assignments varied. She helped start the 
special education program in Salmon; taught a 
learning disabilities class, served as Consulting 
Teacher for the Tri-District Education Program 
(Leadore, Salmon, Challis) and served as the Right- 
to-Read Director for Salmon. She concluded her 
teaching career in the Salmon Junior High School 
teaching earth science and math. After retirement in 
1987 Teddy continued to be active, doing volunteer 
work for adult literacy. 

At the time of this writing, Jack and Teddy are 
both retired and living in their home in Salmon. 

Leo Edward Miller graduated from Salmon High 
School in 1970. He received a BA degree from the 
College of Idaho in 1974 and Juris Doctorate from 
the University of Idaho in 1977. He married Nancy 
Kathleen (Kit) Furey in December 1976. Ed and Kit 

presently live in Boise where Ed practices law. They 
have three children - Bartlett, Quinne, and Austen. 

Roni Marie Miller graduated from Salmon High 
School in 1973. She married Mark Yohman in 1983. 
They lived in Kenai, Alaska but were later divorced. 
Roni married Dan Copeland in February 1987. She 
has three sons - Buzz Yohman, Clancy Yohman, and 
Abraham Copeland. They are presently living at their 
home on Fourth of July Creek. 

Teddy Miller 

William A. and Linda Miller 

We arrived in Salmon on June 10, 1986, coming 
over the Chief Joseph Pass from Montana. The 
family consisted of William Arvid Miller, son of Paul 
Miller and Anna Mathilda llkka; his wife, Linda, 
daughter of Paul Edmund Jerabek and Alice 
Patterson Torbet; and their six children. Jennifer Lee 
had just graduated from Westwood High School in 
Ishpeming Twp., Michigan. Christine Elaine had just 
completed her freshman year of high school. Lempi 
Elizabeth was finished with seventh grade. James 
llkka had completed second grade, and Benjamin 
Jerabek was done with first. David Torbet was three 
years old. 

Our journey to Salmon actually began many years 
earlier, before the birth of seven of the eight 
immigrants. William had been a tramp miner, 
travelling from place to place and job to job, sinking 
a shaft here, doing raise and stope mining, driving 
shafts, working as a shift boss or mine foreman. His 
work took him over much of the West and to the 
Philippines, Mexico and Honduras. To stay in one 
place was unthinkable. However, he did talk to other 
tramp miners and ask them, "If you were going to 
settle down, where would you go?" Often the 
response was. "Salmon, Idaho". 

Now he had retired from his job as a Federal Mine 
Inspector, found the inactive life far from his liking, 
and was ready to go back to real mining. He 
remembered the conversations he'd had, that 
Salmon was surrounded by many little mining 
properties where a good man could always find a 
job. At seventy-one, this had become hard, but was 
necessary as retirement income was insufficient to 
rear a family of six. 

We bought a house in Salmon and moved here 
without ever having seen it. Jennifer went to BYU 
that fall and has since graduated and is working for 
Word Perfect in Orem, Utah. Christine finished high 
school in Salmon, graduating as co-valedictorian of 
the class of 1989. She is currently at BYU majoring 
in history and secondary education. Lempi is a 
senior at Salmon High School. James, Benjamin, and 
David are seventh, sixth, and third grades, 


William has indeed found some real mining, 
although not in the immediate area. Linda has held a 
variety of jobs and currently works for the Salmon 
Public Library. Our sojourn has been highlighted by 
the Fort Lemhi Centennial wagon trek and many new 
acquaintances in the last five years. 

— Linda Miller 

The William Miller Family - BACK: William and Linda. MIDDLE: 
Jennifer, 16; Christine, 13; and Lempi, 11. FRONT: James, 6; 
Benjamin, 5; David, 2, November, 1984. 

Eli and Ida Andrews Minert 

The newspaper obituary described him as "a kind 
neighbor, a loyal friend, a courageous gentleman 
who during life, joined with other worthy settlers in 
developing and building the civic and industrial life of 
this community." 

Eli Minert was born in 1845. He came west with a 
mule team from Wisconsin to Laramie, Wyoming, 
which was then Dakota Territory. Traveling with a 
train made up of about one hundred fifty people 
seeking homes in the west, he found Laramie and 
the surrounding area well populated by Indians. He 
first located in Montana, but with the news of the 

discovery of gold at Leesburg, he and the Pratt boys 
set out for the new bonanza. When the reached 
what was to become Salmon City there was only one 
building, a small cabin on what is now Main Street. 
The farming possibilities attracted one of the Pratt 
boys and he located near here, while the others 
investigated the mining prospects in Leesburg. They 
arrived in Salmon on October 30, 1866, but returned 
to Montana for the winter, leaving farmer Pratt to 
care for their stock here. 

Early in the spring of 1867, Eli Minert was again on 
his way to Leesburg and from that time on he lived 
in or near Salmon. He was one of the first miners in 
Loon Creek, but found freighting to be more 
profitable. His route ran from Salmon to Leesburg to 
Warm Springs Creek, Loon Creek, Stanley Basin, 
Yankee Fork and often to Idaho City. Later he went 
to Bayhorse and at one time hauled eight thousand 
pounds of gold from that camp to Corinne, Utah. 

Minert was the first treasurer of Lemhi County, 
serving three years. During his official term Jesse 
McCaleb was sheriff, John Hogan Auditor and 
recorder and James Hockensmith, a commissioner. 

He married Miss Ida Andrews, the sister of N. L. 
Andrews, on April 1, 1877. Their three children were: 
Ernest Minert, Mrs. Allen Merritt, and one child who 
died in early childhood. Eli Minert was survived by 
his wife Ida, when he died at the age of eighty, after 
an illness of several months. 

Information from obituary - Idaho Recorder. October 2, 1925. 

— History Committee 

Elmer and Lila Lamunyan Mitchell 

Elmer Mitchell was from Lead, South Dakota. He 
and his wife, Lila, came to Lemhi County just after 
the turn of the century. Lila was the daughter of 
Laura Benedict and Smith Lamunyan. She was from 
North Dakota and sometime after their marriage, 
they made the journey west together. 

Some of the Lamunyan family came to Lemhi 
County at the same time as the Mitchells. Lila's 
brothers (George, Roy, Joe, and Ervy) came here, 
too. The Lamunyans came from Williston, North 

George Lamunyan worked in Salmon for awhile 
with his brother-in-law, Elmer Mitchell, and his 
brothers. Then he returned to Colorado. There he 
met and married Hazel Gear, who was from Kansas. 
George worked in Colorado for a few years, and 
Hazel and George Lamunyan's first children were 
born there. 

Elmer Mitchell's other brothers-in-law, Roy, Ervy, 
and Joe Lamunyan, stayed on in Salmon and worked 
with Elmer in construction. They built several homes 
near what is now Service Grocery Store. The home 


directly across the street from the store which 
boasted a small upper balcony, and doors with oval 
windows, was built by Elmer Mitchell. Down the 
block was a two story white home built by Roy 
Lamunyan. Roy also built another in that vicinity 
known as the old Thrasher house. 

Across the street from where the Catholic 
parsonage now stands was a business called the 
Mitchell and Lamunyan Planing Mill. Elmer Mitchell 
and Ervy, George, Joe, and Roy Lamunyan 
established this mill for trimming, smoothing and 
preparing lumber for sale. This business thrived for 
many years. 

Ervy Lamunyan helped build the forms for the 
bridge across the Salmon River. The old bridge was 
built of cement and halfway across, seats were built 
for weary travelers. 

Elmer and Lila Mitchell had one daughter, Erma. 
Other babies were born to them, but they died at 
birth. Erma was their pride and joy. They loved her 
very much, but she had a bad heart and died when 
she was thirteen years old. 

Elmer's mother , Susan Frances Canning Mitchell, 
came to live with them. Grandma Mitchell lived with 
them the rest of her life. She lived to be one 
hundred and one years old. Susan was buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery. 

After George Lamunyan returned to Salmon with 
his wife and two children, he and Elmer worked on 
ranches here. The Mitchells lived in extra rooms at 
the Lamunyan house or in a house nearby. They 
always lived close to each other. 

Ervy Lamunyan married Ira Finney and had two 
children, Ed and Mabel. Ed worked for the National 
Forest Service, and Mabel married John Routsen of 
Boise. Joe Lamunyan married Clara Horn and they 
had no children. Roy married and had one daughter. 
He and his wife returned to Illinois to live. 

Elmer Mitchell served as Noble Grand in the 
Oddfellow's Lodge. He worked as a ranch hand, and 
carpenter, and helped build the sidewalks in Salmon. 
When he was about seventy years old, he went to 
Ogden and worked at Hill Field during World War II. 

Lila was a kind lady. Her one fault was that when 
she placed the bowls on the dinner table, she filled 
them to the brim. They were so full they could not 
be lifted or moved without spilling. She loved 
children and rocked and cuddled her niece and 
nephews. When her own daughter died she spoiled 
her little niece, Erma Lamunyan. Erma enjoyed the 
"spoiling" of Aunt Lila and ran to her for help in 
dressing until she was school age. 

Elmer Mitchell had a car, so he dropped the kids 
off at school and then went on to take the can of 
cream to the cheese factory. He nicknamed the 
niece and nephews. Bill was "Pieface", Harry was 
"Tramp", Erma was "Sis", Edmund was "PeeWee", 
and Lester was "Pee-Wee-er". Elmer was fun and full 
of patience. He died about 1951 or 1952. 

— Erma Lamunyan 

Joseph Edward and Florence Martin 
Smith Moats 

George Lamunyan and Hazel, Ella Lamunyan Mitchell and Elmer 
Mitchell -^.* 

Joseph Edward Moats was born on December 12, 
1890 at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia, on the Moats' 
farm which adjoined the historical John Brown farm. 
He was the youngest of six children. 

In his early years he worked for the Dingy & 
Conrad Nursery where he received his education in 
horticulture, and also helped on the farm. 

In 1911, Joseph and a brother, Al, came west to 
Challis, Idaho. It was there that he met and married 
a lovely lady, Florence Louise Martin Smith, on April 
12, 1914. 

Florence L. Martin was born on January 14, 1891 
and was later adopted by her stepfather, George 
Smith. Her parents came to Salmon from Pocatello 
and were the proprietors of a restaurant on Main 
Street in Salmon. 

Florence received her schooling in Salmon and 
was an accomplished vocalist, having studied under 
a teacher in her teens. She was hired to sing during 
intermissions at the Grand Theatre in Salmon and 
often sang in public. She was also the first telephone 
operator for the Gilmore & Pittsburg Railroad Co. 

Joseph and Florence operated a Men's Furnishings 
& Confectionery business in Challis after their 
marriage, but gave that up and moved to Goldfield, 


Nevada where Joseph engaged in mining. A 
daughter, Alice Louise, was born on November 18, 
1917, and a few years later they moved to Wallace, 
Idaho where Joseph was employed at the Tamarack 

A son, Joseph Leslie, was born on January 7, 1923 
at Wallace, Idaho. Several years later the family 
moved to Salmon and purchased the Dewey Simer 
residence on the bar, and Joseph leased the Copper 
Queen Mine. 

In 1928, another daughter, llene Anna, was born, 
and three years later, another son, Lawrence J., was 
born. All four children attended school in Salmon. 

Joseph L. (Bud) served during World War II, and 
Lawrence J. (Larry) served during the Korean War. 
Alice L. married Charles E. Sherman and they live in 
Las Vegas, Nevada, llene A. married Glen Sorensen 
and they live in Salmon. Joseph L. (Bud) married 
June Black, later divorcing, and he lives in Pocatello. 
Lawrence J. (Larry) married Doris Reid and they live 
in Salmon. 

Sometime in the mid-thirties, Joseph went into the 
construction business, but every spare minute was 
devoted to landscaping and enlarging the home. 
Experimenting with many varieties of flowers and 
shrubs, they were soon over-run with flowers, so 
Florence began making bouquets and selling them to 
local businesses. They started a nursery and raised 
bedding plants. Tin cans were cleaned, sterilized, and 
recycled into plant containers. 

After buying the Bloomsburg greenhouse, 
dismantling and moving it to their residence, they 
branched out into the florist business, supplying 
Salmon and surrounding communities. Florence 
designed and made the floral arrangements and the 
rest of the family worked in the business also. 

In 1949, Joseph suffered a paralytic stroke and 
Larry had to give up his schooling and return home 
in order to help Florence run the business. Later, 
after Larry was drafted in the Korean conflict, 
Florence struggled to care for her invalid husband 
and keep the business going. 

Joseph died April 29, 1953 at his home after being 
in ill health for several years. He was a member of 
the Eagles Lodge, and contributed in many ways to 
the community. 

Florence later sold the home and business to John 
and Jewel Prochko and continued to make her home 
in Salmon until her death on July 18, 1967. She was 
a member of the Methodist Church and the 
American Legion Auxiliary. 

— llene A. Moats Sorensen 

Florence and Joseph Moats 

Richard A. Moll 

Moats Floral 

I, Richard A. Moll, alias "THE GILMORE KID", was 
born June 11, 1930 in Lackawanna, New York. I am 
the second of three sons born to Harry J. Moll and 
Pearl K. Bixler. My father, deceased since 1968, was 
a prominent banker in Lackawanna. My mother, 
deceased since 1986, was a piano teacher for many 
years in Hamburg, New York, where our home was. 
Robert, my older brother, was born in 1927. He now 
lives in Raleigh, North Carolina, where he is involved 
in agricultural research at North Carolina State 
University. Ronald, my younger brother, was born in 
1937. He now resides in Brewer, Maine. He is an 
officer with the Fleet Bank of Maine, located in 
Bangor, Maine. 


I arrived in Lemhi County in early November. 
1975, and when I made my first visit to the 
abandoned old mining town of Gilmore, it truly was 
love at first sight. With a background in the 
restoration of old dilapidated buildings and an avid 
interest in the promotion of quality handcrafts, I was 
able to envision the establishment of a Crafts 
Community in Gilmore. 

The idea evolved into a plan to invite qualified 
craftsmen to become a part of the Gilmore Crafts 
Community. To be accepted, a craftsman would 
have to have a genuine interest in the preservation 
and restoration of the town of Gilmore, and in 
addition would have to agree to fully restore at least 
one existing building. 

My idea was not only to restore Gilmore, but at 
the same time turn it into a productive and 
financially self-sustaining community. The craftsmen 
and their families were to live in the homes they 
restored. In addition, the plan was to restore the old 
Gilmore Mercantile Building and use it as a store to 
display and sell the handcrafts created in Gilmore. In 
time, we would also restore the old Jaggars Hotel 
with the idea of operating it as a hotel, complete 
with a fine restaurant that would appeal to the 
caliber of visitors we hoped to attract. I did not want 
to create a tourist trap, but sincerely believed that 
the availability of the finest in handcrafted products 
would appeal to enough appreciative people to 
sustain a high quality of life in Gilmore. 

The plan was never intended to be a "Get-Rich- 
Scheme". Of the many craftsmen I have known 
personally, the best of them made a good living, but 
none of them ever became wealthy. 

In trying to implement my plan, I found it very 
difficult to locate Gilmore property owners. When I 
was able to locate them, more often than not, I 
found that they did not trust me because I was a 
newcomer to the area. Still others apparently felt 
that it was indeed a "Get-Rich-Scheme", and 
therefore priced their property so high as to be out 
of all reason. 

During the spring of 1976, I personally moved to 
Gilmore and restored an old cabin once lived in by 
Grover Tucker, former operator of the Gilmore 
Mercantile. I lived in Gilmore for almost a year, and 
during that time I saw my plans wither and die as a 
result of greed, distrust, and disinterest. 

All during my stay in 1976 and early 1977, I acted 
as caretaker for Gilmore, and did my best to prevent 
further damage and destruction of the buildings. In 
early spring of 1977, some guys came into Gilmore 
and started shooting up the buildings. When I went 
out to talk with them, one of them suddenly swung 
around and started shooting at me. Those shots 
missed me only by inches and fortunately I had the 
presence of mind to fall out of their sight into the 
deep snow. As I hoped, they thought I had been hit, 

but then I could hear them arguing as to whether 
they ought to come over and finish me off. For 
whatever reason, they did not, and finally left. 
Judging by the way they were acting, I am sure they 
were either drunk or on drugs, or both. 

At any rate, while I was lying in the snow waiting 
for them to come finish me off, I decided that if I 
got out of that incident alive, I would leave Gilmore. 
You see, I did not want somebody to find me shot 
full of holes when the snow melted in the spring. 

A couple of months after I left Gilmore, the body 
of a murdered man was found in one of the buildings 
by a bottle hunter. An investigation revealed that he 
had been murdered only a couple of weeks after I 
moved out of Gilmore. The man had been murdered 
by his own kids who then brought the body to 
Gilmore and buried it in a root cellar under one of 
the abandoned buildings. It is most fortunate that I 
was not living in Gilmore at that time, because I 
certainly would have gone to see what those kids 
were doing, and it doesn't require much imagination 
to figure out what would have happened to me if I 
had. There would have been two bodies buried in 
that root cellar instead of one. 

For the next eleven years, I pretty much stayed 
away from Gilmore, but in June, 1988, I visited 
Gilmore with a friend to take pictures that I could 
take with me to a high school reunion back east. 
Though I did not realize it that day, it soon became 
apparent that I was still hooked on Gilmore. This 
time I chose a log cabin owned by the Leo Hutchings 
family. The Hutchings family had lived in Gilmore for 
a number of years. Mrs. Eunice Hutchings, now 
eighty-eight, and one of the property owners, had 
personally lived in the cabin with her family. She is 
the most interesting person to talk with, and has 
many memories of her life in Gilmore. 

When I inquired, I learned that the family did not 
wish to sell the property, but we were able to come 
to an agreement in which I would trade repair, 
maintenance, and protection of the cabin for the 
right to live in it. 

The cabin was really in sad shape. Though still 
basically solid structurally, it had no doors, no 
windows, no chimney - only the remnants of a roof, 
a caved-in basement wall and the cabin interior, 
which had been almost completely gutted. When I 
brought friends to look at the place, they shook 
their heads in disbelief that anyone would seriously 
consider restoring it, let alone live in it. 

When restoration work began in the spring of 
1989, one of the most formidable problems was that 
of cleaning out huge pack rat nests from under the 
roof, and also from the space between the 
downstairs ceiling and the upstairs floor. In all, some 
thirty huge trash bags of rat debris were removed 
from the cabin. 

During the summer of 1989, with the help of 


friends and neighbors, the interior was cleared of 
debris, the house was reroofed, the chimney rebuilt, 
doors and windows installed, the basement was 
rebuilt and enlarged. In addition, insulation was 
installed and most of the downstairs was 
sheetrocked. By fall of 1989, the cabin was liveable, 
and I moved in. The winter of 1989-90 was spent in 
Gilmore in relative comfort. 

Work continues on the cabin, but much remains to 
be done before I will consider it fully restored. When 
work on it is completed I expect to have a very nice 
and comfortable cabin in which to live. 

I still watch over the town as much as possible, 
and do my best to prevent further damage and 
destruction to the existing buildings. My dream of 
Gilmore as a crafts community is still alive, but I am 
not actively pursuing it at this time. 

There are two things I would very much like to see 
happen. I would like to see Gilmore placed on the 
National Register of Historic Places, and I would like 
to see the establishment of a "FRIENDS OF 
GILMORE" non-profit organization dedicated to the 
protection and preservation of what is left of 
Gilmore. Steps to bring this about will be taken in 
the spring of 1991. 

One of my fondest dreams is that Gilmore will one 
day live again - not as an active mining town, but a 
well-preserved and protected historic landmark, 
watched over by several dedicated live-in residents, 
such as myself. 

— Richard A. Moll 

Grace Nagel Manfull Monaghan 

George and Grace Monaghan 

Grace Agnes Nagel was born May 15, 1888 to 
Christian (a German) and Marcelene (an Indian) 
Nagel. She was the last in a long line of children of 
her mother, and the second (and last) of her father. 
Her older siblings consisted of: Emily Newlan King, 
Mary Newlan Cullinan, Frank Durand, Augustus (Gus) 
Durand, Albert Durand, Eugene Durand, George 
Durand, Charles V. Durand, and Theresa (Tressie) 
Nagel Hulick. 

Grace attended Salmon schools. She married 
Melvil Kenneth Manfull on August 9, 1911 in Salmon. 
They separated. In 1945, she married George 
Monaghan. She died August 18, 1953 in Salmon and 
is buried in the Salmon Cemetery. She never had 

The above lines are the statistics of an early-day 
pioneer of Lemhi County. Statistics never let you 
know the real person. Statistics never let you see 
the sorrowing that the person might have endured, 
nor even the happiness. They are just figures to use 
as guidelines. From statistics, I find there was 
suffering surrounding Grace. 

Her uncle, John Nagel, mysteriously disappeared 
about the middle of 1900. The family assumed he 
had gone to the Big Hole in Montana to work in the 
hay fields. But then his horse returned home 
riderless. Many questions arose but no light 
surfaced. His remains were found in the Silver Lead 
area near North Fork, Idaho in October, 1901. The 
mystery was never solved, but at least he was finally 
laid to rest. 

Soon after this, in June, 1902, Grace's older half- 
brother, Eugene Durand, aged twenty-two, 
committed suicide while riding the range for cattle. 
It was said that he shot himself in the head with a 

It is hard to imagine what all happened one 
hundred years ago, but everything that did happen is 
what molded our pioneers into the characters that 
we grew to know. And even I, that knew Grace, 
never knew her whole story. 

I can't remember when I first met Grace. It must 
have been about the time my family moved to 
Salmon which was about 1931. She was always 


there. Grace lived in a small log cabin high up on the 
bar hill in Salmon. Even though it was small with just 
the bare necessities, it was always neat as a pin. And 
Grace always had an extra plate and an extra cot if 
it was needed. 

Grace always wore dresses, usually housedresses, 
and they were always starched and ironed even 
though this was accomplished by three old sad irons 
heated on a small wood cookstove. And she was 
never without an apron. 

Grace always took careful pains to keep her black 
hair looking neat with a curling iron which she 
heated over her kerosene lamp. When Grace laughed 
it was never loud, just a chuckle, and her beautiful 
black eyes would sparkle. 

Although Grace is gone, she will always be 
remembered with love and reverence by this writer. 

-Julia Randolph 

George Henry Monk 

George H. Monk was one of the early-day 
pioneers. He came to Lemhi County from Canada, 
as did several, to the Lemhi Indian Agency, and 
there he was agent from 1892 to November, 1894. 

He married Harriet Johnson, sister of Maude 
Johnson Edwards and Pat Johnson Ellis, whose 
father was a lawyer in Challis. After his resignation 
from the Agency, he was the owner of several 
ranches in Lemhi County, at various times. The 
Idaho Recorder oi March 16, 1917 reported that the 
Trumble Ranch had been sold to G. H. Monk. He 
joined M.M. McPherson in the retail merchandising 
business, and later was president of the Salmon 

Harry, as he was usually called, and Harriet had 
one child, Vernon H. Monk, who was born November 
25, 1909. Vernon spent his pre-school days in 
Salmon, but because of Harriet Monk's diabetes 
Harry sold out his business dealings in Salmon, and 
moved his family to the community of Los Cerritos, 
near Long Beach, California. 

It was not too many years after the Monk family 
moved to California that Harriet Monk died, but with 
the assistance of two of the Edward girls, Janice and 
Gertrude, and the Rand family, who spent a winter 
with them, Mr. Monk continued to raise Vernon. 
Vernon spent most of his summers back in Salmon, 
living at the Rand's home located just above his 
former home. It was a beautiful brick house on the 
bar, overlooking the Salmon River. The hills to the 
west were the playgrounds for Vernon, Bob and Don 
Games, John and Phyllis Rand, Monroe Quarles, and 
other children who lived, or came and went, in that 
neighborhood. The families also took advantage of 
the natural swimming holes in the river below, and 
paths to these were well worn. The Monk home was 


Vernon's home in Salmon ■ Vernon's mother and friends. 

Vernon Monit, on left - the swimming hole below Monk's house. 

built on property originally acquired by Harry and his 
partner, M.M. McPherson, from Francis M. and Lulu 
C. Tingley, in 1907. The partners sold the upper lots 
of the property to Philip Rand in 1910, and Mr. 
Monk built his home on the lower part of the 
property in 1910 or 1911. 

The house was at one time, after the Monks left, 
occupied by the Dr. T.L. McFarland family. Murd 
McPherson, his wife and daughter, Sandy, moved 
into the house in the 1920's. It was while it was in 
Murd McPherson's possession that the house burned 

Vernon Monk was educated in California, 
graduating from Woodrow Wilson High School and 
Long Beach Junior College. He and his wife, Lolita, 
met in college and were married in California. They 
had one daughter, Marilyn Monk, who was born in 
1934 and passed away in 1988. 

Vernon was a supervisor for the Shell Oil Company 
for twenty-two years. He died in Long Beach, 
California in 1961. After his death, Lolita Monk 
married again and is still living in California. 


In 1933, George Henry Monk died, at the age of 
sixty-seven, in Long Beach, California. Of his many 
good qualities, perhaps his best was his gentleness 
and thoughtfulness, and he raised a gentle and 
thoughtful son. 

— Lolita Monk Shcobisz 
— Phyllis Caples 

early age. Joseph bought a ranch on Spud Creek in 
the Pahsimeroi, lived there, and ran sheep until he 

Emerson married Mary Bruggenkamp in June, 
1939. They spent their first summer herding sheep 
up into the Iron Creek, Yellowjacket, and Middle Fork 
Peak areas. They started out with their packstring 
and sheep. They camped the first night on Hat 
Creek. The sheep were turned loose on Mrs. 
McGuire's homestead as there was good feed and 
no one was there. Mrs. McGuire came in during the 
night and ran them off with a shotgun the next 
morning. It was a bad year for coyote and bear. 
They had several sheep killed. They killed about 
thirty bears that year. 

Mary and Emerson had three sons: James, 
Thomas, and Dennis. Thomas died at the age of 
twelve. After several years in the Pahsimeroi, they 
sold out and bought a house in Salmon. Emerson 
floated the Middle Fork and Salmon River in the 
early forties. Several years were spent in the guiding 
and outfitters business. He ran the Mint and worked 
for Philip Yribar. They also lived on the Pines Ranch 
in Pahsimeroi for a couple of years. They finally 
bought the Allison Creek ranch and lived there until 

They retired then, and bought a place on Derrier 
Creek, five miles north of Salmon. They did a lot of 
traveling in the back country hills and old mining 
country. When they were herding sheep, Mary 
noticed the deep trails that the pack trains had 
made going to Thunder Mountain. She always 
wanted to go there. Finally, thirty years later, she 
and Emerson went back to the mine. 

Emerson died in 1986. Mary still lives in their 
home on Derrier Creek. 

— Mary Moodie 

George H. Monk 

Emerson and Mary Bruggenkamp Moodie 

Joseph Moodie was born in Scotland and came to 
the United States as a young man. He came to 
Lemhi County around 1905, worked various jobs in 
mines, and for Fred Veil. He married Marie Proksch 
and they had one son, Emerson, born in 1910. Marie 
burned to death at the Queen of the Hills mine when 
Emerson was around a year old. Joseph then 
married Vera Clark. They bought a ranch on Cabin 
Creek. He was the first man to take sheep up the 
Salmon River. They had three children: Robert, 
Joseph, Jr., and MoHie. Vera died when the children 
were young, and Joseph raised the family alone. The 
boys all learned to herd sheep and tend camp at an 

Sheep drive through the Main Street of May, Idaho 


James and Martha Bogard Moodie 

James H. Moodie was born August 26. 1940 in 
Salmon, Idaho. The first of three children: Jim, Tom, 
and Dennis, born to Emerson and Mary Moodie. 
Emerson Moodie was born in Salmon in 1910. Mary 
Bruggenkamp Moodie was born in Blackfoot in 1913. 
They married in the St. Charles Catholic Church in 
Salmon in 1939. 

Jim attended school in Salmon with the exception 
of the fifth grade which he spent in May, Idaho. 
During his high school years, the Moodies lived on 
Allison Creek where Jim learned to enjoy the 
outdoor life through the teachings of his father. Jim 
graduated in 1958. He then attended Carroll College 
in Helena, Montana. While at Carroll, Jim played 
varsity football and made all conference defensive 
tackle three years in a row and has one touchdown 
to his credit. Jim graduated in 1962 with a degree in 
economics. It was at this time that Jim met Martha 
Bogard, a native of Helena. She is the daughter of 
Samuel and Martha Bogard. After graduation, Jim 
spent two years in the U.S. Army in Fort Eustis, 
Virginia. In 1965, Jim married Martha and spent 
seven years as a plant manager for Ralston Purina 
Company at various locations in Washington and 

While in Puyallup, Washington, the Moodie's had a 
daughter, Michelle. Jim enjoyed fishing the Puyallup 
River for steelhead. He caught many fish during his 
lunch breaks. 

Moving on to Madras, Oregon, Jim managed a 
feedmill that produced one hundred tons of feed a 
day, which fed over 10,000 head of cattle. Martha 
told him when she visited the feed lot, "It wasn't a 
bad smell, it's just the smell of money". Martha 
worked in the potato fields in the fall and cut seed in 
the spring. Mike was born in 1967 in Madras. 

In 1972, the Moodies moved to Salmon. Their 
children were raised, educated and graduated from 
the Salmon schools. Michelle has spent the last five 
years working in Alaska. Mike is employed and going 
to school in Boise. 

Upon moving back to Salmon, the Moodies 
purchased Farr's Custom Meats. Jim and Martha 
have worked in this business for nineteen years. In 
1980, due to expanding business, a new shop was 
built on East Main Street and is still operating as 
Moodie's Custom Meats. As a comparison for one 
hundred years from now, Moodie's Meats processed 
395 domestic animals in 1990. 

Jim and Martha are active members of St. Charles 
Catholic Church. Martha is also active in Beta Sigma 
Phi and a member of the Eagles Auxiliary. Jim is a 
member of the Eagles, Knights of Columbus, and has 
been a member of the B.P.O.E. 1620 for sixteen 

— Martha Moodie 

The Moodies - Clockwise: Mike, Michelle, Jim and Martha 

Roy and Claudia Bradley Moore 

Roy T. Moore was born in 1898 in Lemhi County. 
As a young man he boxed professionally and drove 
the Twenty Mule Borax Team through Death Valley. 

Roy married Claudia Bradley, daughter of William 
and Erminna Strawn Bradley, on January 4, 1918 in 

They operated the Matlock ranch at Seventeen 
Mile for four years. Claudia was the Girl Friday - 
working in the fields, milking cows, and raising five 
children. The children were: Roy, Jessie, Ray, 
Athena, and Bernice. 

While in their yard on the Matlock ranch, Claudia 
and Roy were witnesses when Dee Matlock shot and 
killed Mr. Daniels, Mrs. Matlock's first husband. 

Roy Moore joined a posse to apprehend Ben 
Hamilton, who in a drunken, crazed condition shot 
Deputies Bancroft and Cummins, and Billy 
Withington who was along to identify Hamilton. 
Hamilton was eventually sighted and shot by Gus 
Swanson and died from his wounds. (Undoubtedly, 
each telling of the above story will vary, but this is 
the condensed version told to Bernice, Roy's 

Roy and his family moved to Sandy Creek in 1933. 
Roy, with his brother, Corbin and their children, 
operated the ranch until 1948. They ran cattle and 
sheep and raised hay. Muscles and horses were the 
only source of power then. Every child, boy or girl, 
could function in the field, and each was expected to 
take their place. 


% ■ V" !. 

BACK: Roy T. Moore, Roy, Jessie FRONT: Ray and Athena 

Going to school from the ranch was an endeavor 
in perseverance. Up early, milk cows, feed bum 
lambs, feed the chickens, walk to school, then home 
and repeat the chores. The ranch was sold in 1948 
to Glen Woodbury, then Fred Malcolm, and is owned 
at this time by Deeann and Steve Crofoot. 

Roy E. Moore served in the Navy, moved to 
California and worked for Northern Aviation as a 
Test and Operations Engineer until his retirement. 

Ray Moore served in the Army and was deputy 
sheriff under Bill Baker. He later moved to California 
and worked for Otis Elevator as Regional Buyer and 
Traffic Manager until his retirement. 

Jessie Moore Nelson Roth worked as a secretary 
for Simplot in Aberdeen until her retirement. Athena 
Moore Dunn owned and operated a beauty shop in 
Albion until her retirement. 

— Bernice Benedict 
Ruben McKay and Olive Garham Moore 

Ruben McKay Moore was born in 1857 in 
Chillicothe, Missouri and came to Lemhi County in 
the late 1800's. 

Ruben and his brother, Joe, settled on the home 
ranch on Sandy Creek. The ranch, originally a 
homestead, was about to be lost by the 
homesteaders. Ruben bought the ranch with a team 
of horses and a gold watch. 

Joe Moore owned and operated a flour mill for 
many years. Ruben received his "real" sheepskin 
from Jefferson County, Missouri and was qualified to 
teach: Orthography, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, 
Biography, Grammar, U.S. History, Civil Government, 
Theory and Practice, Etymology, Physiology, 
Algebra, Botany, Rhetoric, Zoology, General History, 
Geometry, Physics, Trigonometry, English, 
Literature, Geology, Mental Philosophy, Chemistry, 
and Astronomy! 

Claudia Bradley and Roy T. Moore 

STANDING: Lillian, Lora, Curtis SEATED: Ruben Moore, Sr. 
holding Ruben, Bessie, Olive, and Roy. 


Ruben married Olive Garham in Windsor, Missouri. 
They raised eight children: Lora, Curtis, Lillian, all 
born in Missouri, and Bessie, Ruben, Ray, Corbin, 
and Ted all born on Sandy Creek. 

Bessie Cannon is the only surviving child of Ruben 
Moore's children and she will have her ninety- 
seventh birthday in February, 1991. Ruben died in 

— Be mice Benedict 

Helen Webb McBride Morgan 

Helen Webb was born April 10, 1924 at Shelley, 
Idaho, the third of six children born to Alma (Bill) 
and Coral Kelsey Webb. Her brothers and sisters are: 
Dons, Duane, Dona, Max, and Shirley. 

In March, 1934, her father moved his family to 
North Fork, and rented the ranch of George Zelmer, 
now owned by Harold Hansen. It is located about 
midway between the Hughes Creek Ranger Station 
and Sheep Creek. 

Helen attended grades four through eight at 
Spring Creek School, where the transportation was 
horseback, and whoever got to school first in the 
morning must build the fire and go up the hill to the 
spring for a bucket of drinking water. There was a 
horse barn and a woodshed, and the biggest boys 
took turns chopping wood. She and her brothers and 
sisters rode without saddles in winter so the body 
heat of the horse could help to keep them warm. 

Helen remembers with much affection the 
teachers who taught at Spring Creek those years - 
lleta Hoffman, Annice Nisbet, and Irene Bolander. 
She went to Salmon High School for her ninth and 
tenth grades. 

The family lived thirty miles from town, so her 
father found a job for her with Mike and Ruth 
Wilkins, where she could work at Mrs. Wilkin's 
private Maternity Home before and after school for 
her room and board. She also worked for, and lived 
with Vic and Josephine Robertson, helping with the 
housework and caring for their new baby girl, Farrell. 

In 1940, the family moved back to the Pingree 
area. Helen finished high school at Thomas High, 
where she met Ronald (Tug) McBride and they 
married in 1942. Tug served three years in the Navy 
in the Pacific Theater during World War II. 

After the war, they made their home at Pingree 
and raised their family of five children there. The 
children are: Craig, Dennis, Linda, Edwin, and Kathy. 
They farmed for a few years, then Tug became a 
specialized nuclear welder for the A.E.C. for the last 
years of his life. He died of a heart attack in 1973. 

Helen went to work for the school system for a 
year, doing teacher's aid work, and substitute 
teaching. She then managed a fabric shop in 

Blackfoot until she married Verle Morgan in 1979. 
Verle passed away in 1988. 

Helen lives on their old home place and all of her 
children live near. Her three step-children all live 
out-of-state. She has twenty-five grandchildren and 
fifteen step-grandchildren, and enjoys each and 
every one. 

She doesn't often go back to North Fork or 
Gibtown, but each time she does it is with a real 
"coming home" sort of feeling, and she always 
comes away feeling spiritually renewed. She is 
thankful for all the memories she has of a special 
place, special friends, and a very special time in her 

— Helen Webb Morgan 

Ronald and Helen Webb McBride 

Leon and Mamie Richardson Morgan 

Leon B. Morgan was born April 16, 1902, in 
Neeley, Power County, Idaho, the son of George 
William and Emily Alice Baugh Morgan. He had five 
younger brothers: Roy, Pete (Kyrel B.), Von, Earl, 
and Merl, and a sister, Wilma. 

His father, George William Morgan, was born at 
Neeley on December 24, 1881 and was the first 


white child born in Power County. His parents and 
three other families had moved there from Utah to 
start the settlement known as Neeley. 

Mamie R. Morgan was born December 28, 1901, 
at Fairview, Wyoming (Star Valley, Lincoln County) to 
Levi and Erminnie Child Richardson. Her older 
brothers and sisters were: Uretta, Luella, Walter, 
Ebb, Laurel, and Virgie. Later, two more were born 
to the family, Minnie and Dell. 

Sometime around 1917, Mamie went to visit her 
sister in American Falls and to go to school there for 
awhile. It was during this visit that she met Leon. 
Later, her family moved to American Falls in 1919. 
She and Leon were married September 28, 1921 in 
Logan, Utah. They lived at American Falls on the 
Sunbeam Creek Ranch. Their daughter, LaDera, and 
four sons - Bill, Theo, Jack, and Lonnie were born 

In 1944, they moved to Salmon and lived there for 
one year. Then they moved back to Power County. 
In 1947, they moved back to Salmon and ranched 

LaDera and her husband, Lu Blake, moved to 
Salmon in March, 1947. Bill married Gwendolyn Hall 
on November 5, 1949. Theo married Miria Whiting 
on December 10, 1949. 

In January, 1956, they moved to Nampa to be in a 
milder climate because of health problems suffered 
by Leon. They enjoyed a forty acre farm there. 
LaDera and Lu, Bill and Gwen, Theo and MirIa and 
their families also moved to Nampa. Jack and Lonnie 
each later married and also live in Nampa or that 

Leon passed away August 16, 1971. Mamie still 
lives in her own home near her children and 
grandchildren in Nampa. 

— Morgan Family 

Leon and Mamie Morgan 

Stan and Elna Turner Morgan 

Stanley Adren Morgan was born on October 23, 
1917 in American Falls, Idaho. He lived in Sun Beam, 
east of American Falls. He is the fourth of eleven 
children of Clifton and Velma Morgan. He had five 
brothers - Dale, Veril, Lemoyne, Eugene and Lynn, 
although Lemoyne was born August 4, 1923 and 
died the same year. He had five sisters - Lorene, 
Joy, Marva, Donna, and Maida, but Joy and Maida 
were stillborn. The rest are still living and leading 
active lives. 

Stan attended grade school in Sun Beam his first 
two years. Then the family moved to Stevensville, 
Montana. There he went to school in an old rock 
schoolhouse that is still standing. The family moved 
to Drummond, Montana which is ninety miles from 
Stevensville. They remained there for two years and 
then moved to Idaho Falls. Stan's Dad had a brown 
Collie dog that he got while in American Falls. In the 
process of moving, they put this dog in a boxcar 
with the cattle. The dog didn't like this arrangement, 
so he jumped out. He was lost. About a year later he 
showed up on the farm in Idaho Falls. 

Stan stayed in Idaho Falls about two years and 
then they moved to Rigby. Stan attended school at 
Clark and graduated from the eighth grade on May 
3, 1933. He worked in the potato and sugar beet 
fields and worked on the farm until he was twenty- 

When he was twenty-one, he joined the National 
Guard on October 2, 1939. He had been in for two 
months when he met and married Elna Leora 
Turner. They were married on December 5, 1939. 
He was discharged with an Honorable Discharge on 
March 23, 1940. Elna was working at W.R. Roach 
Seed Company in Idaho Falls. They had six children: 
JoAnne, Melvin, LaVell, Curtis, Shirley, and Robert. 

JoAnne is married to Lynn Deeds. They have one 
daughter, Kathy, and live in Salmon. Melvin and 
LaVell both live in Salmon and neither of them are 
married. Curtis married Dianna Massey and they 
have two daughters, Cheryl and Tammy, and live in 
Salmon. Shirley married Stan Hitesman and they 
have three children; Jeff, Jerry, and Kim. Robert 
married Grace and they have three children; 
Tammy, Cindy, and Steven. Both of these families 
live in Salmon, also. 

During World War 11, Stan was permitted to stay 
home and help run the farm, because he had a 
family and was needed at home. His classification 
was 2C. He stayed in Rigby until 1949. At that time, 
he traded his farm for a ranch eighteen miles north 
of Salmon. 

In 1952, he and the family moved to Sweet Home, 
Oregon for a year. He logged for a living at that 
time. The family came back to Salmon in 1953. They 
rented a house for the winter. Stan then moved his 


family to a ranch on the bar. 

The winter of 1954, Stan moved his family to 
Lincoln, Idaho. In 1956 they moved back to Salmon 
and lived on Kirtley Creek where Stan worked for 
Kester Cockrell. He was there two years, then 
moved a log house from Sandy Creek to the bar in 
Salmon, at 803 14th Street. He lived there from 
1959 until August, 1989, when he bought a mobile 
home and moved it onto his property. Later that 
month, EIna became ill. There were a number of 
tests run, and in November they diagnosed her as 
having stomach cancer. She died January 16, 1990. 
Stan was lonesome and depressed. He met a fine 
lady shortly after that, Elizabeth Kidd from Ashton, 
Idaho. They were married on June 23, 1990, and 
presently live on Highway 28. 

— Shirley Hitesman 

Stan Morgan, EIna Morgan, Geneva Brown, Hyrum Turner and 
Donna Turner. 

William and Gwendolyn Hall Morgan 

William Morgan was born to Leon B. and Mamie 
Morgan in American Falls, Idaho. He spent many 
years with his family in Salmon and attended school 

Bill married Gwendolyn Roberts, daughter of Opal 
Roberts of Carmen. Bill and Gwen moved to Nampa 
in 1956. Bill was known as "the best auto 
mechanic" in Canyon County. Later he began to 
manufacture fireplace inserts and wood heaters, 
which he customized to please each individual 
family. Hundreds are still enjoying the warmth from 
his handiwork. 

Bill and Gwen had six children: Connie, Cindy, 
Donald, Robert, Byron, and Maureen. When Donald 
was nine years old, he was crushed in a tractor 
accident on July 22, 1966. Two days later, his 
mother, Gwen, passed away suddenly from a blood 

clot going to her heart. Maureen was just twelve 
days old. Double services were held for them. Bill 
was a tremendous inspiration to all the family during 
the weeks that followed. 

Bill later married Donna Bettis who had three 
children; then Bill and Donna had two girls, Tracy 
and Trudy. Bill had a cerebral hemorage one day 
while processing stove orders and passed away two 
days later, August 19, 1983. He has been greatly 
missed by all his family and friends. 

— LaDera Greenhaigh 
Corliss and Margaret Ball Morphey 

Corliss R. Morphey was born in Rockwell City, 
Iowa to teaching parents, Richard and Mamie. At the 
tender age of three, he traveled west by train, with 
five-year-old brother Lloyd, and his parents, arriving 
in Pocatello in 1900. 

After a few months in Fremont County, the family 
moved by wagon to Pahsmieroi Valley, settled on 
the Summit Ranch, and operated the first store in 
May. The trip must have been a memorable one for 
the young brothers because Corliss said he could 
recall it in detail years later. 

Corliss also recounted an eventful trip by stage 
from Salmon to the Pahsimeroi Valley. The steep 
and narrow road above the Salmon River was the 
scene in which the stage horses bolted from the 
driver's grip and there was a runaway down a long 
downhill slope. Corliss, along with a few other 
passengers, braced hands and feet and hung off the 
inside bank side of the rig in an attempt to keep it 
from careening off the steep riverbank side of the 
road. Corliss remembered looking up at the backside 
of a very large woman and thinking that there would 
be little left of him should they have to abandon ship 
and land at the same spot! 

As a young ranch hand, Corliss earned a 
reputation as a top hand with horses. Fifty years 
later, Frank Lantz (of Salmon River fame) recalled 
that Corliss rode "a grey horse that could jump 
anything in sight". 

Corliss was a firm believer that horses and 
lightning were a bad combination. A draft horse he 
was unharnessing was struck dead in his barn. His 
concern regarding lightning persisted throughout his 
life and for good reason. While he and close friend, 
John McKinney, were riding during a sudden storm, 
Corliss suggested that they take shelter in a culvert. 
John had just convinced Corliss that it was a bad 
idea, when a lightning bolt split the culvert. 

Corliss was honorably discharged from the Marine 
Corp after World War I. He recounted his most 
harrowing war experience as being the steamship 
journey to Hawaii because the Marines were 
relegated to the lowest level of the ship, below the 


Margaret Ball and Corliss Morphey 

livestock and the black soldiers. On Oahu, Corliss 
recalled that his most excitement was hopping 
freight trains and throwing off fresh fruit to his 
comrades. He mentioned that he had seen Waikiki 
when it was nothing but a rocky shore, Las Vegas as 
a poor cowtown, the first automobile, and the first 
moonwalk, all in one lifetime. 

Corliss returned to the Lemhi ranch and spent the 
slow winter months mining at Gilmore, the Pope 
Shenon, and the Butte mines. Thinking they were 
ready for mining deep underground, he and Frank 
Schultz volunteered to work the lower levels at 
Butte. After riding the cage, for what seemed like an 
eternity, to the 3500 foot level, they decided to 
make the immediate return trip to the surface. 

Back on the ranch, Corliss continued to develop 
his livestock herd. Other favorite activities included 
capturing wild horses, and attending dances 
anywhere in the Lemhi or Salmon River Valleys. He 
was light of foot and could step to any tune, new or 
old. It was at one of these dances that he met 
Margaret Ball, youngest daughter of sheep rancher, 
Seth Ball, of Tendoy. They married in 1936 and lived 
on the Lemhi River, ranching the Morphey 
homestead and later including the Ball Ranch. 

Corliss and Margaret raised two sons, Jerry, born 

in 1940, and Jim, born in 1946. Corliss was elected 
county commissioner and served in that post for 
fourteen years. He was most pleased with the farm 
to market road system created during his tenure. He 
also served for a time as state brand inspector. 

Corliss's young hired hands complained that they 
could not keep pace with him even when he was well 
into his sixties, but eventually arthritis forced his 
retirement in 1962. He was diagnosed as having 
incurable ALS (Lou Gehrig Disease) in the early 
1970's, but he tenaciously and miraculously 

He enjoyed his latter days in his Salmon home, 
associating with his Elks brothers, and having a daily 
card game with fellow old-timers. He died in 1986. 

— Jim Morphey 

Richard and Mamie Long Morphey 

Richard W. Morphey was drawn to Idaho Territory 
by a thirst for adventure and a need for money. In 
1888, the frontier Mormon community of Teton was 
paying top dollar to the teacher who instructed its 
sixty-one students, ages five to twenty. He earned 
$65 a month, and after deducting his ten dollars a 
month board, he sent the remainder of his salary 
home to the family farm near Rockwell City, Iowa, 
where his widowed mother and brothers were 
struggling with land and stock payments. 

His family, who had originated in Leeds County, 
Ontario, Canada, were of Scotch-Irish ancestry and 
it's suspected that their forebearers had migrated 
there in the early 1700's. It was noted that in the 
old country, one of their Protestant ancestors had 
been drowned in a watering trough by some very 
unfriendly Catholics. 

Although unfamiliar with Mormonism or the 
wilderness, Richard welcomed the opportunity to 
observe both. In letters home Richard described the 
Idaho scene: "There is no society here and no 
church except among the Mormons." "Money 
seems to be plentiful and is used as freely as the 
poor whiskey is drunk." "They raise the finest grain 
and vegetables here that I ever saw, but the land 
must be irrigated before it will grow anything but 
sagebrush." "The people nearly all live in log cabins 
and burn wood which grows along the streams and 
on the sides of mountains." "Wild game is very 
plentiful, consisting of geese, ducks, sage hens, 
praire chickens, jack rabbits and farther back in the 
mountains there are moose, deer, elk, antelope, 
bears, wildcats and mountain lions, and the streams 
are full of the finest fish." "The wolves are so bold 
that they come and look in through the windows at 
night and you can hear them yelping almost anytime 
of the day." 


Richard's first Idaho summer found him helping a 
freighter move supply wagons into Jackson Hole, the 
first to supply that area from the west over Teton 
Pass. He later described having to snub the wagons 
to trees as they made the steep descent down the 
eastern slope. 

Richard returned to Iowa, prospered in his 
profession, and became superintendent of schools 
for Calhoun County. In 1895, he married Mamie 
Long, a schoolteacher and daughter of James W. 
(Irish) and Susan Fry Long (Pennsylvania-Dutch). She 
soon bore him two sons, Lloyd Allen (1896) and 
Corliss Richard (1898). 

His earlier Idaho experience and a mining 
investment drew Richard and his family back to 
Idaho about 1900. After a long train journey to 
Pocatello and a short teaching job in Fremont 
County, they moved by wagon to the Pahsimeroi 

Idaho presented Richard the opportunity to pursue 
his varying interests as teacher, rancher, merchant, 
miner, and county commissioner. They operated the 
Summit Ranch in the Pahsimeroi, taught school, and 
operated the first store in May. It was in May that a 
third son, Kermit, was born in 1906. 

Along about 1910, during the development of the 
G & P Railroad, Richard moved his family to the 
Lemhi Valley and homesteaded a ranch on the east 
bank of the Lemhi River, just south of Peterson 
Creek. They also lived and taught school in the town 
of Junction, near the present site of Leadore. 

Richard died in 1927 and Mamie continued 
teaching country schools from time to time in such 
places as the D.C. Bar and Spring Creek, along the 
Salmon River. Mamie died in 1934 and is buried next 
to Richard in the Leadore Cemetery. 

— Jim Morphey 

-^^ > 







|L> ^^^^H 



pP j[_ ■.-.-.- 



Mamie Long Morphey 

Richard Morphey 

Charles Josephus and Priscilla Benson 

Charles Josephus Morrill was born near Little 
Rock, Arkansas on September 3, 1840. Priscilla Lee 
Benson was born at Terre Haute, Indiana on January 
20, 1859. These two people married at Georgetown, 
Colorado on September 11, 1878. One son, Bert 
Wiley, was born at the Junction Ranch, Middle Park, 
Colorado on May 2, 1882. They moved to California, 
where three more children were born: Zella Benson, 
born at Compton, January 13, 1885; Elsie Claire, 
born at Gospel Swamp, September 20, 1886; and 
Clarence Arthur, born at Santa Ana, March 10, 1888. 

This family moved to Idaho in 1889-1890, living at 
Dynamo the first winter, and then at the Rabbitfoot 
Mine. Next came a move to Shoup, where Charles 
worked as an assayer for the mines and delivered 
the mail to the miners, while "Lillie" served as the 
postmistress. Two more children were born, Jennie 
Josephine at North Fork, January 21, 1893; and 
Leona Alberta, born at Shoup on July 25, 1897. 

Bert Wiley disappeared in 1918. Zella married 
Frank Buzan and taught school in Salmon for awhile. 
They then moved to Maupin, Oregon, where Frank 
died of exposure after getting caught in a blizzard. 
His body was found the next spring. Zella worked for 
the Tuberculosis Hospital in The Dalles. She also 
worked as a cook in Corvallis for the Kappa Sig 
Fraternity House and then for a sorority. She died at 
age eighty-nine, shortly after retirement about 1973. 

Elsie married Watts Waddington. Clarence Arthur 
(known in Salmon as John), died April 8, 1939. 
Jennie married Louis Young at Ulysses July 14, 
1909, and they had two sons, John and George. She 
later married Arthur Benjamin Worden and they had 
four children - Howard, Reed, Beulah, and Reah. 

Leona married Dewey Carlson at Salmon on 
December 11, 1922. Dewey was born at Thornton, 
Idaho on September 14,1899. He was the son of 
Nels and Sarah Carlson, who homesteaded at 
Leadore in 1911. Leona and Dewey had two 
daughters, Ina Irene and Jessie Joy. This family lived 
near Tendoy until 1928, when they moved to 
Salmon and built a house on the "bar". Dewey died 
January 2, 1942. 

Leona and the girls moved, first to Boise, Idaho, 
and then to Portland, Oregon where Leona worked 
in St. Vincent's Hospital until retirement. She died 
July 5, 1990, just short of her ninety-third birthday. 

Ina Irene married Chester Williams and a son. 
Randy, was born in Boise on April 24, 1944. She and 
Chester were divorced and she married Vencil 
Hamsik, who was born September 7, 1919 at Mt. 
Angel, Oregon. Randy took the name of Hamsik and 
lives in Washington. Vencil and Ina had a daughter, 
Monica, who was born December 31, 1954. She lives 
in Portland. Vencil died in 1989 and Ina lives in 


Republic, Washington. 

Jessie Joy married John Deitering, by whom she 
had five children, four girls and a boy. The girls are 
all married and scattered throughout the United 
States. The son, Ballard Lee Bates, is in the Marines. 
Jessie has remarried and lives in Portland. 

Charles Josephus Morrill died August 21, 1919. 
Lillie Morrill remarried Jack Taylor. She died in 
Salmon on April 15, 1931. 

— Beulah Warden Gilley 
— Doris Brown 

Charles Richard Morton 

Charles (Dick) Morton was born in Salmon, Idaho, 
July 8, 1924, the youngest of two sons born to 
James J. and Florence E. Brown Morton. He 
attended the Boyle Creek School, Brooklyn and 
Lincoln Schools in Salmon, and graduated from 
Salmon High School in 1942. 

Dick joined the Navy in 1942 and went to radar 
electronics schools in Pocatello, Chicago, Houston, 
Corpus Christi, and San Clemente, California. He was 
then assigned to the Essex Class Carrier U.S.S. 
Hancock and served in the Pacific during World War 
II. During the latter months of the war, he 
transferred from Ship's Company to Carrier Air 
Group Six, the air group attached to the ship. He 
served in the Philippine Liberation and saw action in 
the invasion of Iwo Jima, Okinawa and was in Tokyo 
Bay during the Japanese surrender. His ship and air 
group received a Navy Unit Commendation. Dick was 
discharged in 1945 with the rank of Aviation 
Electronics Technician First Class. 

Dick's college career on the G.I. Bill began in 1946 
at the University of Idaho, where he graduated with 
a Bachelor's Degree in Mining Engineering in 1952. A 
good time was had by all at the U. of I.!! 

Dick married Precious Mary (Patsy) Neal on 
August 29, 1951. Patsy was the daughter of Ernest 
and Katie McFarland Neal of Carmen. Patsy 
graduated from the U. of I. in 1952 with an 
education degree. They moved to Cobalt where he 
worked in the Blackbird Mine and Mill, and she 
taught school. Two sons were born while they lived 
at Cobalt, Charles Milton, born May 24, 1953 and 
Robert Ernest, born September 2, 1955. 

In 1957, Dick moved to Grants, New Mexico to 
work for KerMac Nuclear Fields. Patsy joined him 
later that year with their two sons and new 
daughter, Theresa Annette, born July 26, 1957. 

Dick and Patsy returned to Salmon in 1961 and 
bought the Meade Neal Ranch on Carmen Creek 
where he still resides today, having acquired the 
nickname of "Charlie Dick from Carmen Creek". 

Patsy taught in the Salmon Schools for seven 

years. She died September 12, 1980, and was buried 
in the McFarland Cemetery on Carmen Creek. 

Dick's son, Chuck, married Pansy Rude and they 
have two children, Charles Kristian, born December 
20, 1979, and Emelia Precious (Emmy), born 
January 16, 1986. Son Bob married Wendy 
Wetherington and they have three sons: Joshua 
David, born May 23, 1981; Jacob Ernest, born 
September 4, 1983; and Devon Robert, born July 
28, 1987. Dick's daughter, Theresa, married Michael 
Howe and they have one son, Eric William, born 
November 2, 1987. They reside in Boise. Five of 
Dick's grandchildren reside at the ranch with their 
parents, making the fifth generation to live there. 

Dick married Laura (Betty) Simpson Kane on June 
12, 1982, and her three children and six 
grandchildren added to the three Morton children 
and six Morton grandchildren, gave them a large 

Dick has been a member of the Elk's Lodge since 
1946, a Carmen Grange member since 1961, a 
member of the National, State, and Local 
Cattlemen's Associations, and past Master of the 
Carmen Grange. He is currently president of the 
Carmen Creek Scale Association, the South Carmen 
Creek Grazing Association, secretary-treasurer of the 
Carmen Water District, and is active in other 

Charlie Dick still has "gold fever" and enjoys 
prospecting, rock hounding, hunting, fishing and 
back country horseback trips. 

— Charles R. Morton 

James and Florence Brown Morton 

James John Morton was born in Great Valley, New 
York July 17, 1876, son of James and Sibbil 
Alexander Morton. His father died before he was 
born and his mother died when he was only eight 
years old. Robert and Helen Alexander Morton, 
parents of Mettie Morton Norton cared for Jim and 
his brother and sister. 

As young men, Jim and his brother went to 
Cheyenne, Wyoming where they worked for awhile 
on the ranch of an uncle, William Morton. Jim left 
and worked awhile mining at Cripple Creek, 
Colorado. Then he went on to Arden, Nevada where 
he worked on the Ail-American Canal bringing water 
from the Colorado River to California. Later he had a 
grocery store in Long Beach, California. He moved 
to Salmon in 1920 and bought the twenty acre 
Atkin's farm. He was an early watermaster of Jessie 

Florence Ethel Brown, daughter of James D. and 
Poena M. Congdon Brown, was born in Great Valley, 
New York on March 6, 1883. She came to Salmon in 
1914 to help when her niece, Myra Brown, was 
born. She went back to Great Valley that year and 


stayed until 1919 when she again came to Salmon 
to help the family. She also worked some at her 
cousin Charles Norton's Jewelry Store. She went 
back to New York to care for her father, who passed 
away in 1920. At that time she came to Salmon to 
stay. She always kept close contact with all of her 
New York relatives and friends. 

"Jim" and Florence were married in Salmon on 
December 9, 1921. They had two sons, Robert 
James born April 9. 1923, and Charles Richard, born 
July 8, 1924. 

The boys attended the Lincoln School in Salmon 
until 1933. Jim and Florence bought the Bowler 
Ranch on Boyle Creek in 1933. The Boyle Creek 
School was about 300 yards from their home. The 
boys finished the eighth grade there. 

In 1939, the Mortons finished a new home on 
Boyle Creek. It was put up entirely around the old 
house with the family life uninterrupted until the new 
structure was finished. Then the old one was torn 
out. It cost five hundred dollars and was called the 
"Believe It Or Not House". 

When Bob and Dick started high school, they rode 
their bicycles down the creek the two miles to catch 
the school bus. The trip down was much easier than 
going back up in the afternoon. 

The ranch on Boyle Creek was sold in 1943 and 
Jim and Florence moved to Salmon. In September, 
1943, they bought eighty acres of the old Summer's 
Ranch south of Salmon. Bob had married Doris 
Waetzig on August 14, 1943. They moved to the 

Jim helped Bob on the ranch some and enjoyed 
his retirement. He died of heart failure on August 22, 
1951. Florence continued to live in Salmon at the 
home they had bought, until her death in 1960. She 
was active in the War Mothers and the Methodist 
Church, having been a member of the church since 
she was a little girl. 

— Doris Morton 

James John and Florence Brown Morton 

Laura Simpson Kane Morton 

My life began on April 6, 1933, at my 
grandparent's, John and Sarah Racus Simpson, farm 
in Doniphan County, Kansas. Oldest of four children 
born of Chester and Fern White Simpson, I was 
named Laura Elizabeth and called Betsy, later 
shortened to Betty. My father and siblings, Esther L. 
(Terri) Murphey, Larry E. and Elwin L. (Boots), all 
reside in California. Mother passed away in 1983. 

After attending eight grades of school in Troy and 
Bendena, Kansas, our family moved to Twin Falls in 
1949. My father was a country-western musician. My 
freshman and sophomore years were completed at 
Twin Falls, and my junior and senior years were at 
Idaho Falls. 

Summers of 1949 and 1950 were spent in Salmon 
with my aunt and uncle, Don and Joy Unangst. Don 
and two other men were killed in the fire at the Main 
Theater and Lounge in April, 1951. I came to Salmon 
then to tend my cousin Donnie, age two, while my 
aunt worked. 

I met and married Charles B. Kane, Jr., in 1951 
and moved to Montana, living in East Glacier, Cut 
Bank, Shelby, Great Falls and Lewistown. We 
divorced in 1981. 

Three children were born at Cut Bank: Joy 
Susanne, June 7, 1952; Walter Baird (Barry), June 1, 
1953; and Steven Garth, December 22, 1954. Joy 
married Sherman Sorensen in 1975, and moved to 
Wyoming. She had a son, Glen, on November 5, 

Barry married Dorothy Younger in 1990 and they 
live at Clayton. Previously married, he has three 
children: Maci, May 12,1977; Levi, February 25, 
1980; and David, July 26, 1984. Dorothy has a son, 
Robert, born February 10, 1975. 

Steve married Linda Brown in 1986, and they live 
at Titusville, Florida. Previously married, he has a 
daughter, Sara, born March 8, 1981, and Linda has 
a daughter, Jessica, born July 27, 1980. 

Returning to Lemhi County in 1956, we ran the 
Hidden Springs Fish Hatchery at Hayden Creek, 
owned by Charles Kane,Sr., Ernest Marsing, and Lyie 
Mulkey. We raised and marketed rainbow trout for 
seven years, and the hatchery was sold to the Idaho 
Fish and Game Department in 1963. 

We purchased an Amoco Distributorship in Salmon 
and moved. Our children graduated from High 
School in Salmon, having attended lower grades in 

I was hired as a Deputy Clerk in the newly 
organized Court system in January, 1971, replacing 
the City, Probate, and Justice Courts with the 
Magistrate Court. During the next twenty years, I 
served under Magistrates Irvin Robertson, (1971- 
1973); William Puette (1973-1976); Milton (Jock) 
Slavin (1976-1982); and Fred Snook (1982 to 



Many changes in procedure took place and 
something new was learned from each Judge. 
Record keeping changed from hand to 

During my second year as deputy, a runaway girl 
from Montana was brought in and I was asked to 
accompany her to the restroom as we had no 
matrons. She locked herself in, climbed out the 
bathroom window (two stories up), scaled the wall 
and escaped. Becoming suspicious, I alerted the 
Police who captured her shortly and returned her to 
juvenile detention, changing my attitude toward 
teenage offenders. 

On June 12, 1982, Charles R. (Dick) Morton, a 
widower, and I married and we live at his ranch on 
Carmen Creek. His three children. Chuck, Bob, and 
Theresa, complete our family of six. Dick's six 
grandkids, added to my six, gave us a beautiful 

Our common interest has been traveling, and we 
have enjoyed two Caribbean cruises, an Alaska 
Passage cruise, flying to Hawaii and Cancun, Mexico, 
and we have driven many miles through Montana, 
Idaho, Oregon, California, Washington, Nevada, and 
Canada. We have attended six National Finals 
Rodeos at Las Vegas and intend to keep going. 

Lloyd G. and Terri Mitchell Morton, 1975. 

— Laura Betty Morton 

Lloyd and Terri Mitchell Morton 

Betty Morton at age sixteen in 1949 at Twin Falls High School 

Lloyd George Morton was born January 15, 1947, 
the son of Robert James and Doris Raye Waetzig 
Morton. He was born at Stine Maternity Home in 

He attended Salmon schools, and graduated from 
Salmon High School as a member of the Honor 
Society in 1965. He then attended Idaho State 
University for one semester. He returned home to 
help on the house that his folks were building. 

Lloyd was a good cook. He often went to the 
kitchen to bake cookies, pies, and cakes, and fixed 
lunch for the crew. Doris always appreciated coming 
home from work to find goodies baked. 

Lloyd went into the Air Force in the spring of 
1966. Lackland Air Force Base in Texas was the site 
of his basic training, then he went to electronic 
schooling in Biloxi, Mississippi for six months. After 
two years at George Air Force Base in California, he 
was at the DaNang Air Force Base in Vietnam for 
eighteen months during the war there. He worked 
on radios for the F-4c Phantom II Fighter Jets, 
ClSO's, 707's, T33's, C47's, and helicopters, among 
others. He returned home in 1970. 

Lloyd and John Tracy did contract fencing for two 
years. Lloyd went to work for Havemann Hardware 
in 1973. He had worked there after school his senior 
year of High School, and he still works there. 



Terri Jean Mitchell and Lloyd were married at the 
Presbyterian Church in Salmon on May 31, 1975. 
Terri was born at Mountain Home Air Force Base, 
the daughter of Larry Michael and Carol Leanne 
Morrison Mitchell. They moved to Cobalt for two 
years when she was about one year old. Then they 
moved to Salmon and Terri graduated from Salmon 
High School in 1973. She went to school at Idaho 
State University for one semester and then went 
through the Legal Secretary program in the Vo-Tech 
school at Pocatello. She finished three months early 
in October, 1974. 

In 1975, Lloyd and Terri bought a trailer house 
and put it on the Morton farm's south forty. They 
drilled a well, put in power, and also built a shop, 
pumphouse and garage combined. 

They had two sons, both born in Salmon at Steele 
Memorial Hospital. Dave Wendell was born April 12, 
1976 and Brian James was born August 6, 1981. 

On Brian's birthday in 1985, they moved into their 
new home, which is on the same acreage as their 
trailer. Lynn Drnjevic helped on the new house, plus 
others, and Terri and Lloyd did a good share of the 
work themselves. 

Terri started working fulltime at the Lemhi County 
Clerk's Office in 1986 and enjoys her work. Both 
boys enjoy their school and friends. Dave is active in 
basketball. Brian would rather farm and says, "I was 
born to farm". The family enjoys camping and 
fishing together. 

February 17, 1949. 

Bob went into the Navy in July, 1944. Doris and 
son, Lynn, stayed with her mother on the Waetzig 
farm. Bob was a Fire Control Instructor at Dam 
Neck, Virginia. He was assigned to the cruiser, 
Cincinnati, but it was not finished before the war was 
over. They returned to the farm in the spring of 

Bob and Doris bought their first car in 1947. It 
was a 1929 Model A Ford Coupe and they had to 
pay $95 for it! They milked about twenty-five 
Guernsey cows. The cows were sold in 1957 and 
they bought Black Angus instead. Doris says, "What 
a releif not to have to milk cows at 5:00a.m. and 
5:00p.m." They still have Angus beef cattle. 

All of the children were actively involved in 4-H. 
They liked sewing, cooking, tractor, livestock, and 
carpentry projects. Doris was even a tractor project 
leader one year. They built a new home, finishing it 
in 1966. They are happy to have the space for 
family reunions. 

Eventually, they bought the ranch, plus forty acres 
of the Pope Ranch in 1968. In 1977 they bought 
another five acres, and also own about twenty-five 
acres of the Waetzig farm, which is a great place to 

Bob started working at Havemann Hardware in 
December, 1948, and worked there part-time and 
full-time for many years. He worked for three 
generations of Havemanns. Doris was the 

— Doris Morton 
Robert and Doris Waetzig Morton 

Robert James Morton was born April 9, 1923 at 
Atkins Farm. His parents were James John and 
Florence Ethel Brown Morton. 

Bob graduated from Salmon High School in 1941. 
He worked for Lockheed at Burbank, California 
building P38's for awhile. Then he worked at 
Farragut Naval Base at Bayview, Idaho. He attended 
one semester of college at Moscow, and then 
returned to help on the Boyle Creek farm when his 
brother went into the service in 1943. 

Bob married Doris Raye Waetzig on August 14, 
1943 in Hamilton, Montana. Doris was born at the 
Schultz ranch on July 30, 1923, the daughter of 
George Arnold and Viola Marguerite Schultz Waetzig. 
She attended Iron Creek and Salmon schools. She 
worked for Clay Merritt at the City News Stand her 
senior year, and worked at the American National 
Bank after graduation. 

They moved to the Summer's eighty acres in 
September, 1943. They had three children, all born 
in Salmon at the Stine Maternity Home: Robert 
Lynn, born June 25, 1944; Lloyd George, born 
January 15, 1947; and Diane Katherine, born 

Doris Waetzig and Robert James Morton 


bookkeeper at Havemann's for about twenty years, 
retiring in 1985. 

They enjoy camping, traveling, and fishing. Bob 
and Doris are the proud granparents of four 
children: Suzanne Lynn, Michael Thor, Dave Wendell, 
and Brian James. 

Robert Lynn graduated from Salmon High School 
in 1962 and enlisted in the Navy. He went to 
electronics school at the U.S. Training Center at 
Great Lakes, Illinois. He was then stationed on the 
U.S.S. Dominant, and returned home in 1965. 

Lynn married Janet Blayden in 1966. They had 
two children, Suzanne Lynn, born May 30, 1967, and 
Michael Thor, born June 3, 1971. They are divorced. 
Lynn attended electrical school in San Francisco and 
at I.S.U. at Pocatello. He worked for Slavin and 
Shafer on several projects, one being a bridge at 
Sitka, Alaska, and another on the North Rim of the 
Grand Canyon. He worked for several years for 
Mountain Supply in Missoula, Montana. He now lives 
in Drummond, MT. and works in Hall, MT. 

Suzanne is a student at M.S.U. at Bozeman. Thor 
works at St. Patrick's Hospital in Missoula, MT. 

Lloyd married Terri Mitchell and they had two 
sons, Dave Wendell and Brian James. 

Diane graduated from Salmon High School in 
1967, and received her B.A. in elementary education 
in 1971 at I.S.U. at Pocatello. She taught for four 
years, then received her masters in Research 
Sociology in 1977. She worked for the Southeast 
Council of Government, Idaho Transportation Dept., 
and the Spokane Transit System. In 1986, she 
moved to Mt. Vernon, Washington where she is 
Director of Communication, Education, and 
Development at Skagit Valley Hospital. She is also in 
Affiliated Health Services. 

— Doris Morton 

Robert Ernest and Wendy Wetherington 

I was born on September 2, 1955 in Salmon, 
Idaho at the Steele Memorial Hospital, to Precious 
Mary (Neal) and Charles Richard Morton. I have one 
older brother, Charles M. Morton, and one younger 
sister, Theresa (Morton) Howe. 

The first two years of my life were spent in Cobalt, 
Idaho (1956-57). My dad was a mining engineer 
there. Somewhere around 1956-57, we moved to 
Grants, New Mexico where Dad mined uranium. I 
was pretty small then and about all I can remember 
of Grants is that the wind blew sand all over the 
place. I can remember the sand seeping through the 
window sills and piling up pretty thick. 

Some of my fondest memories were coming to 

Idaho in the summer to my grandparents (on my 
mother's side), Katie McFarland and Ernest Neal's 
ranch. I knew from a very young age that I wanted 
to be a rancher. Well, in the spring of 1961, (I was 
five), my dream came true. Dad quit mining and with 
Grandpa Neal's help, they purchased the old Neal 
Ranch on Carmen Creek. That was the best summer 
of my youth. The house on the ranch needed a lot 
of work, so we got to live with Grandma and 
Grandpa Neal most of the summer. That was a great 
time for me. 

I attended the Salmon schools from the first 
through twelfth grades, graduating in 1974 from the 
same high school that my parents had graduated 
from. After high school, I spent the summer working 
on the ranch. That fall, I enrolled in the Vo-Tech 
Program at Lewis & Clark State College. I took two 
years of automotive training, graduating in 1976. 
After college, I decided that fixing cars wasn't for 
me, as I was still a rancher at heart. So, I returned 
to the ranch where I'm the fourth generation 
(Morton-Neal)and helped my father and mother run 
the ranch. 

The last fifteen years have been quite good, 
except for one sad one. On September 12, 1980, I 
lost my beloved mother, who was only forty-nine 
years old, to heart failure. 

As I've grown older, I've gotten more involved in 
ranching and other activities. I joined the Lemhi 
Cattle and Horse Growers' Association, where I 
served on the Board of Directors for two years. I 
have helped with the annual Cattlemen's Banquets, 
helped organize winter schools for local ranchers, 
and helped with Ag Day in our local schools, to 
teach kids the benefits of ranching. 

In 1988, I was elected Master of the Carmen 
Grange, which as of now, is an office I still hold. Also, 
in 1988, I began driving the Carmen Creek-to- 
Salmon school bus. I am still driving and probably 
forever will be driving. I also keep myself busy doing 
feeding, irrigating, and milking jobs for other 

On September 15, 1979, I married Wendy Ann 
Wetherington, daughter of Don and Shaunne 
Thompson Wetherington, for the first time. Joshua 
David was born May 23, 1981. In 1982, we were 

So, in this second marriage of eight years, to date, 
two more sons were added to the family; Jacob 
Ernest born September 4, 1983, and Devon Robert, 
born July 28, 1987. 

In conclusion of my history, my wife and I are very 
busy raising our three sons and helping to work the 
ranch. We hope that one day, one of the three boys 
will be a fifth generation rancher on this ranch of my 
great grandparents, Meade and Alice Neal. 

— Robert E. Morton 


Charles and Nellie Hyde Motichka 

Charles and Nellie moved to Lemhi County in 1922 
from Columbia Falls, Montana with their two young 
daughters and a six-week-old son. They first lived on 
the "Buckhorn" Ranch, which has been the "Lewis 
and Clark Cafe" in more recent years, on the North 
Fork of the Salmon River. They came by way of 
Dillon, Montana because the Lost Trail Pass was not 
a road at that time. 

Nellie was a teacher and Charles and his six 
brothers had been loggers in the Flathead Valley of 
Montana. Charles and Nellie later ran a meat market 
in Columbia Falls. 

They were very hard-working people and seldom 
came to town. Roy, their son, remembers when they 
made two trips a year to town . . . one at "Fair 
Time" and once in the spring. There was a store 
between their place and North Fork, called "Dad's 
Store", which supplied them with main staples when 
they ran out. 

They later acquired a ranch a half mile further 
down the creek. In 1929, their house burned. They 
eventually built a new log house and log barn and 
many other out-buildings. They milked cows and ran 
range cattle to the west of their place. 

In 1947, they purchased the place between their 
other two places. Their son lived there for awhile. 
Charles had been a good country fiddler until the 
house burned, taking his fiddle with it. He never 
played again. 

Nellie loved to raise garden produce which she 
canned and froze, and eventually she developed a 
produce business which was patronized by local 
people working at the Hughes Creek Dredge, and 
also the Forest Service personnel, as well as others 
on the creek. She also raised and sold geese and 

Anyone stopping near their place at a mealtime 
was always invited to eat. Nellie enjoyed cooking and 
put out a sumptuous meal every time. Her second 
"love" was raising flowers. They moved to Kirtley 
Creek after selling the North Fork place and 
eventually moved to South St. Charles St. on the old 
Seth Daniels place. 

When they lived on the North Fork place, Nellie 
always missed being able to go to Sunday School 
and church. In later years when the Buckhorn house 
was empty, they used it for a Sunday School and 
church. It was started by the Methodist Church in 
Salmon and later was served by Rev. House who 
lived in Darby, Montana. 

The Motichka's oldest daughter, Ada Ruth, 
married George Colwell, and they became ranchers 
on the first place southwest of North Fork on the 
Salmon River. That place now belongs to the Forest 
Service. They later moved to South St. Charles St. 
They raised two children. 

Their other daughter, Blanche, married Don Neal, 
who became a radioman for Coastal Airlines in 
Alaska. They raised eight children and live in Seattle 

Roy, their son, went to the service in World War II 
and was wounded, but recovered. He married 
Bernice Beller and they raised three children, two 
surviving. Roy and Bernice live in Caldwell, Idaho, 
now, and Roy has retired from the Caldwell Post 

The Motichka Ranch can still be seen on the North 
Fork, but has since been sub-divided. The Motichka's 
have twelve surviving grandchildren, twenty-five 
great-grandchildren, and three great-great- 

— Roy and Bernice Motichka 

Willard and Margie Moulton 

Willard and Margie Moulton 

My wife Margie, two sons, Eric and Phil, step- 
daughter Marva Jean Kortum, and I moved to our 
ranch near Baker on June 16, 1971. This ranch was 
purchased from Hugh and Ruby Sharp. Part of the 
ranch had been owned by Kester and Delia Soule for 
fifty-one years. Kester acquired some of it from his 
father, Horace Soule, in 1917, some had belonged to 
his brother who was killed in France during World 
War I, and one tract was purchased. Sharps had 
purchased the balance of the ranch from Farrell and 


Emma Herbst, who bought it from longtime owner, 
Hannah Swift. 

Marva was married in January, 1971 to Joe Grimm 
in the Salt Lake City LDS Temple. She was attending 
Brigham Young University. They have lived on the 
ranch and helped us for several years. Their children 
are: Brandy, seventeen, Summer, twelve. Crystal, 
eleven, Joseph, nine, and Jonathan, seven. Another 
son was still-born. 

Eric is not married. He is on the ranch part-time, 
but also works as a carpenter, which sometimes 
includes building American-style homes in Japan. 

Phil's first marriage ended in divorce. He later 
married Shelley Mattson in the Dallas Temple. They 
have a daughter, Bailey Michelle, born September 
13, 1990. Phil is working at an aviation career and 
hopes to begin working for Sky-West next June. Phil 
served an LDS mission in Mexico during 1981-82. 
Eric served his church as a missionary in the 
Dominican Republic. Both were zone leaders when 
they returned home. 

Our house burned January 26, 1981, destroying 
everything. It had been remodeled in 1978. The 
original home had had three additions. The lumber 
was unplaned and of variable thicknesses. Square 
nails were used in part of it. Newspapers had been 
pasted on the the walls, and later wallpaper was 
pasted over them. The newspapers had much to say 
about the Civil War and seemed to be about a 
veteran's reunion. Kester Soule's daughter, Eloise, 
told me that the lumber had come from the "Old 
Sandy Creek Mill". 

Margie's youngest brother, a building contractor at 
Victor, Idaho, built a new home for us at the same 
location. The design is very much the same as the 
remodeled house, but with slightly less floor space. A 
full basement was included, however. There was a 
hardpan to dig through, which was almost as hard as 
concrete and nearly twenty inches thick. This 
discovery helped us understand why there had only 
been a cellar before. 

Our first machinery was old and the two tractors 
were small, but the machinery now is fairly 
adequate. We are sprinkling much of the hay land 
instead of flood irrigating. This requires much less 
labor and makes more efficient use of the water, but 
was expensive to begin. 

Conditions have changed greatly in other ways. 
Potato and grain-raising in this area have almost 
ceased. We never raised potatoes, but Kester Soule 
did. Few people have sheep now. 

Margie and I are active LDS members and our 
children here are, also. I have three children by a 
previous marriage, and Margie has six. I was born in 
Jackson Hole, Wyoming in 1918. Margie was born 
near Blackfoot four years later, but grew up near 
Victor, Idaho. I am a World War II overseas veteran - 
no combat - mostly occupation duty in Korea. 

(Infantry training-combat engineer service.) 

Margie lived near Oxnard, California about sixteen 
years, but returned to Victor after she and her first 
husband separated. We were married July 21, 1959 
in the Idaho Falls Temple. 

— Willard Moulton 

William Franklin and Keturah Broadbent 

William Franklin Moultrie was born August 25, 
1889. The first of six children born to William 
Andrew and Julia Lovisa Wright Moultrie. He was 
born in a two-room log house in Thayne, Wyoming. 
Frank was a happy, carefree child that always loved 
a good joke. As he grew up, he became interested in 
carpentry. He built several homes and buildings in 
the Star Valley, as a young man. 

In 1909, he was called on a mission to the 
southern states, serving two years away from home 
for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. 
Upon his return home, he met and fell in love with 
the local school teacher, Keturah Broadbent, 
daughter of Benjamin and Agnes Colston Broadbent. 
After a brief courtship, they were married in the Salt 
Lake Temple on October 2, 1912. 

To this union nine children were born. Earl Franklin 
was born July 28, 1913 and passed away August 25, 
1945. Florence Mary was born December 26, 1915 
and died March 3, 1916. Linden Lorell was born May 
1, 1918 and died January 19, 1961. Nellie Floreen, 
born January 11, 1921 and Arnold Dee, born June 9, 
1923 are still living. Leonard Ralph, born May 14, 
1925, died August 23, 1975. Agnes Joyce Leone was 
born October 1, 1927, Claire Lovisa was born May 
19, 1931, and Beverly Ann was born October 17, 

The couple bought land and raised cattle up to 
and through the Depression of 1929 in Star Valley. 
Frank and Keturah then moved their seven children, 
having lost one baby daughter to pneumonia, to 
Salmon, Idaho. They arrived in the Lemhi Valley on 
May 19, 1932. He settled his family on the ranch of 
his wife's uncle, George Broadbent, east of Salmon 
City, where they stayed through the summer and 
next winter. 

Frank worked for the Forest Service the next 
summer cutting trail into the Yellowjacket country. 
While there, he cut his leg with an axe. Dr. Bill 
Hamner flew his small plane into the area, landing on 
a small meadow. Dr. Hamner brought him out to the 
Rose Hospital, saving his life and his leg. 

Being unable to go back to that kind of work, he 
bought a lot from the City of Salmon, for $10, and 
built a home for his family. He and his wife, Keturah, 
lived in that home until they died. 


During the next few years, he and his son, Earl, 
were involved with Theo and Harley Bradbury in gold 
mining ventures. They mined on Lick Creek first, and 
for awhile the mine did fairly well. After awhile the 
ore in the mine, like the ore in the majority of 
mines, ran out. They tried mining around the 
Leadore and Gilmore areas, but that, too, produced 

Frank had many interests throughout his lifetime. 
He was an excellent violinist. He loved playing the 
old, turn-of-the-century songs for his family and 
friends. He was a journeyman carpenter. He helped 
build the Salmon River Stake House, hanging all one 
hundred doors in the building and donating 1600 
hours of labor. He also built homes and buildings in 
and around Salmon. He enjoyed gardening and was 
involved with cattle, real estate, and insurance, but 
always at heart, he was a miner. 

In his later years, he was plagued with cataracts, 
deafness, and skin cancer. In the spring of 1980, at 
the age of ninety-one years and seven months, he 
became very ill, due to a stroke which partially 
paralyzed his throat. He died June 21, 1980 in 
Salmon. His beloved wife of sixty-seven years, 
Keturah, followed him in death nine days later at the 
age of eighty-nine, in Idaho Falls. 

— Claire Moultrie Aid o us 

W " 


William Franklin Moultrie 

Keturah Broadbent Moultrie 

Daniel and Johanna Mulcihy , 

Daniel Mulcihy was born in June, 1853 in Canada, 
of Irish-born parents. In about 1891, he married 
Johanna, who was born in Nebraska in October, 
1875. Her parents were from Germany. 

They were in Montana in September, 1892, when 
their first son, Henry, was born. A second son, 
William, was born in Idaho, probably in Lemhi 
County, in November, 1896. In June, 1899, George 
was born there also. 

William died at Boyle Creek on April 17, 1902 at 
the age of five. A fourth son, Thomas, was born on 
Boyle Creek in 1902, and on June 2, 1903, their 
daughter, Mary Ann, was born. The family lived and 
ranched on the north fork of Boyle Creek, and in 
February, 1905, Daniel filed a homestead claim on 
160 acres above the fork in the creek. He stated 
that he and his wife and four children were living on 
this land, which along with the dwelling house he 
estimated to be worth $1000. His neighbor to the 
south was Frank Baer, and the Mulcihy ranch was 
the last one at the upper end of the creek. 

Sometime between 1905 and February, 1909, for 
reasons unknown, Daniel Mulcihy apparently left his 
family and Johanna filed for divorce. Attempts to 
locate him failed and the divorce was granted in 
May, 1909 after he failed to contest the action. She 


married Franklin P. Barton on April 16, 1910 and 
they lived on the Boyle Creek ranch. 

In 1911, Johanna filed for a patent on 120 acres 
that appears to be the same area covered by the 
earlier homestead claim of her previous husband. 
Johanna and Frank Barton and the Mulcihy children 
lived on the ranch and the children attended the 
Boyle Creek school until 1917, when they no longer 
appear on the school rolls. 

In November, 1916, they sold the ranch to A.F. 
Smith. Records show that George Mulcihy, age 
twenty-four, married Madeline H. Gates, age sixteen, 
on July 21, 1923 in Salmon. 

— Marilyn Alford 

Dr. John L. and Fanny Mulder 

John L. Mulder, M.D. brought his family to Idaho, 
intending to settle near Twin Falls where he had 
family. That area proved to be too windy for his 
wife's asthma, so they moved with their two children 
to Salmon in the mid-1930's. They came to Idaho 
from North Dakota. He was born in 1891. 

Fanny Mulder was a registered nurse who had 
worked in Public Health in Minnesota, one of the 
earliest states to establish that service. It was 
through that work that she met Dr. Mulder, interning 
in the St. Paul, Minnesota area. She had many 
interesting and often hilarious stories to tell about 
their courtship and early married life. She was born 
in 1897. 

Their daughter, Mary, and son, John Richard, 
graduated from Salmon High School. Mary studied 
Home Economics. She married Dale Hopper, lived 
near Moses Lake, Washington and is now deceased. 

As a teenager, John R. had an intense curiosity 
and zest for learning. He would go to his father's 
office almost nightly after school hoping to look at 
the instrument cupboards and ask the nurse many 
questions. It was no surprise when he too entered 
the field of medicine, graduating from the University 
of Minnesota, and practicing around Seattle. He died 
December 26, 1990, with survivors listed as his wife, 
Judith, and three sons. 

Dr. Mulder epitomized the family doctor of that 
day - ethical, capable, and dedicated. This writer 
worked for him for nearly four years in the early 
1940's. In that time, emergency calls could take him 
to Patterson, or North Fork or beyond, or Forney, or 
Leadore. He kept in touch with specialists in larger 
areas. He persuaded the U.S. Army to release 
penicillin to a hospital in Butte, Montana to use on a 
Salmon boy who was desperately ill. This was when 
penicillin was new and not available except through 
the army. The boy lived. He delivered many Lemhi 
County babies (at that time, his price was $50 for 

Dr. John Mulder 

the first delivery and $35 for subsequent ones). His 
office served as a minor surgery. When the Rose 
Hospital existed, some surgeries could be done 
there, but there was a time when no facility other 
than the Stine Maternity Home existed. Seriously ill 
patients had to go to Missoula or Idaho Falls. 

When it was time to send out bills. Dr. Mulder 
would review the books and quite often say 
something like: "Oh, his crops were bad this year - 
don't bill him", or "They have six kids and things are 
tough with her sick - don't bill them". 

He loved to fish (especially ice fishing) and bird 
hunt. He had little time for these, but they brought 
him back refreshed to his busy practice. 

Mulders were gracious hosts, entertaining often. 
Patients often would come to their home, and he 
would excuse himself to examine them there. They 
were active in the Presbyterian Church and in 
several local groups. Fanny's health was never really 
good, but she much enjoyed friends. 

It must have eased Dr. Mulder's days a great deal 
when Dr. Walter Blackadar joined him in his practice. 
Certainly the coming of Steele Memorial Hospital 
was very welcome. 

It seems especially sad when one who has given 


so much to help others, cannot help himself. Dr. 
Mulder died of cancer in 1966 after a long illness. 
Fanny went to live near her son. She died in 1971. 
Both are buried in Salmon, the town in whose people 
they invested so much. 

— Willa Smith Chaffee 

Fanny Mulder 

*THE liIiR^.< 

Will AUm I>« • Co«l 


(OM Reliable and Mi^.. 


Devoted to the Mining, Agricul 

tural, and Natural intcreils of 

tlic Countr)'. Subsided 

to no Jndi\idua.l or 


j THE t IVIirJERj i 

Political, Rdiqious or Social Con-j 

viclions. other than those i 

which Directly interest -; 

us as a business * 

Proposition. .:; 




finifbh in Every Egif^cl.1 

'Sllalfs lijdt Uov.u on .liirlifiliot- 

Doyle and Loah Kohl Mulkey 

Doyle Leytner Mulkey was born in Salmon, July 
12, 1906, the son of William Leytner and Idaho 
Pattee Mulkey. He had a younger brother William 

Doyle's parents bought the ranch at Baker in 
1901. Doyle received most of his education in Long 
Beach, California. He was graduated from Long 
Beach Poly High and spent one year at U.S.C. at 
Davis. He won awards in livestock and citrus judging, 
and lettered in several sports. After finishing his 
schooling, he returned to the ranch. He also worked 
for the Forest Service, Government Remount Service 
raising Calvary horses, and was the State Brand 

I, Loah Kohl Mulkey, was born December 17, 1919 
at the home of my grandparents, Meade and Alice 
Neal at Carmen. I was the fourth child of Fred Emil 
and Precious Neal Kohl. My family was living at the 
George Shoup ranch at Tendoy at the time. I 
attended school at Big Flat, Carmen, Salmon, and 
Albion State Normal. I taught at Fourth of July 
Creek, Carmen, and Salmon. 

Doyle and I married November 17, 1944 in 
Missoula, Montana. I finished my fifth and last term 
of school the next spring, and moved to Baker 
where Doyle was managing a ranch. We had four 
children: Bruce Leytner, Julana Arden, Brent Wesley, 
and Diana Gay, all born in Salmon. 

Bruce was born February 19, 1946. His first three 
years of school were at Baker, then Salmon and 
Salmon High. He went to I.S.U. at Pocatello, where 
he joined the R.O.T.C. Program. Upon graduation, he 
spent two years in the Army, gaining the rank of 
First Lieutenant. He and Ann Crowton of Idaho Falls 
were married in Idaho Falls, June 19, 1970. While 
stationed in Colorado Springs, their son Daniel 
Leytner was born, March 9, 1972. Bruce left the 
Army that summer and they returned to the ranch. 
Their second son, Jeffrey David, was born March 25, 

Our daughter, Julana, was born February 1, 1948. 
Her first year of school was at Baker, the rest in 
Salmon. After high school, she went to Idaho State 
University for a time. She worked in Boise and 
Salmon for several years. She married Paul Hedt of 
Boise, April 25, 1970 in Salmon. They later moved to 
Middleton where Paul is an electrician. Their 
daughter Rachel Ann was born June 8, 1973 at 
Nampa, and son Wesley Paul was born August 11, 
1976 at Caldwell. 

Brent Wesley was born November 4, 1952. He 
attended schools in Salmon. After high school, he 
went to I.S.U. for two years. He started on a football 
scholarship, but due to an injury had to quit. He 
spent one semester at the University of Idaho, and 
one at Boise State University. He worked in Boise 


awhile, then returned to Salmon. He has worked at 
Gary Anderson Sales and Service for eight years. 
Brent and Karia McKnight Westfall were married in 
Salmon December 9, 1988. Their children are Shaun 
Christofer Westfall, born December 14, 1973, and 
Krista Dawn Westfall, born April 25, 1979. 

Our youngest daughter who was born April 13, 
1954, died February 8, 1960. 

Through the years, Doyle remained active in many 
community affairs. I was a member of the Rebekah 
Lodge for thirty-five years. The children and I 
attended the Methodist Church, of which I have 
been a member since 1938. The children also were 
for many years active in 4-H with a large variety of 
projects. The boys were also interested in sports. 

At Doyle's death, May 17, 1988, Bruce took over 
complete management of the ranch, but I still live in 
our home on the ranch. 

— Loah Mulkey 

Gary and Daneva Stout Mulkey 

I, Gary Mulkey, was the last baby born in the old 
hospital that was directly north of the present Steele 
Memorial Hospital. It was February 11, 1950. My 
parents are Lysle and Mae Mulkey. I attended all 
twelve grades in the Salmon schools. When I was in 
the third grade, we had to have classes for two 
months at Brooklyn while they were finishing the 
building of the Pioneer School. My mother was a 
third grade teacher. 

I broke my leg on the tractor when I was nine 
years old. My mother was in Missoula going to 
school; my dad was on his bread route; my brother 
Selway carried me into the house, elevated my leg, 
and called the doctor. The nurse told him to bring 
me in. He said, "I can drive, but I'm only thirteen". 
The nurse came after us and put me in the hospital 
where the doctor cast my leg. 

I was ten years old before my folks could afford a 
T.V set. My brother and I would go every Saturday 
with my dad to deliver bread for the Salmon Bakery 
to stores between Salmon and Galena Summit. 

I broke my arm when I was in the sixth grade 
while doing a broad jump. I didn't tell my teacher, 
but went into my mother's room as soon as school 
was out. She knew it was broken as soon as she saw 
it. She called Dr. Johnson and Doug Westfall went 
with me to the doctor's office. Mom came as soon 
as she could. Mrs. Klingler, my sixth grade teacher, 
couldn't believe her eyes when she saw the cast on 
my arm. 

In the seventh grade I had Mono and spent several 
weeks in the hospital. I played basketball and 
football in high school until I had a serious injury to 
my knee and had to have surgery. After that I was 

manager of the varsity teams. I was a member of 
the National Honor Society and was a librarian for 
Mrs. Steeples. 

I attended college at I.S.U. at Pocatello and 
received a B.A. degree in business administration in 
1972. I worked for the First Security Bank at 
Montpelier and Weiser for ten years. I am now a 
senior loan officer for West One Bank at Payette, 

I married Daneva Stout of Eagle on December 30, 
1972. We have two children, Brandi Jean, a ninth 
grader, and Marc Lysle, a sixth grader. Brandi is now 
Honored Queen of Job's Daughters Bethel #16 at 
Weiser, a member of the National Honor Society, 
and is very active in athletics. She is a member of 
the basketball team. Marc is an active member of 
the Boy Scouts, is on the champion bowling team, is 
a member of the National Honor Society, and is 
taking piano lessons. 

My wife, Daneva, received her B.A. in English at 
I.S.U. at Pocatello in 1972. She is presently a Basic 
Skills Coordinator of the Adult Learning Center at 
Boise State University. 

I am a life member of the Masonic Lodge A.F. and 
A.M. #14 of Salmon, and an Associate Guardian of 
Job's Daughters Bethel #16 of Weiser. For six years 
during the summer months, I worked for the U.S. 
Forest Service, running the Middle Fork Boat Patrol 
from Dagger Falls to the mouth of the Middle Fork. 
Roy Barrett worked with me. 

— Gary Mulkey 

Gary Mulkey 


Leslie William Miilkey 

Leslie was the youngest of five children born to 
William and Carrie L. Mulkey. He was my father and I 
am his only biological child. He adopted Robert Dye, 
who is the son of his second wife, Mata Bennett 

Leslie was born in a small log home, October 20, 
1901, on what was then called the Hokansmith 
place. By some strange coincident, he also died 
there on June 9, 1974. 

In later years, this place was enlarged by the 
Benedict family. It sold several times. In April of 
1950, it was purchased by Preston Ellsworth & Sons 
of Lewisville, Idaho. I married one son, James, and 
my family and I now own the ranch and continue to 
live there. 

The Mulkey family left the Leadore area and 
moved to Baker while Leslie was a small child. His 
parents worked the McCormack ranch and on what 
was then known as the Pope Shenon. 

His sister, Hazel, was just two years older and they 
had a wonderful childhood doing things together. 
They were the youngest, and while the older 
children worked and behaved themselves, these two 
raced their horses all over the area. At times, 
everyone had to search for them, as they often 
forgot to come home for meals. At least once, one 
of them fell off a horse while jumping bars in a gate 
and was knocked unconscious. That time they were 
afraid to go home and tell what happened! 

When Leslie was eleven or twelve, his parents and 
brother, Guy, bought a ranch of their own at 
Tendoy. He finished his grade school education 
there and did not have an opportunity to go to high 
school. He grew up working on ranches and breaking 

They leased the place next to theirs until both 
places sold the same year. This place belonged to 
Mattie E. Head. She had been a teacher at the 
Tendoy School. After she quit teaching, she offered 
board and room to young women that were teaching 
at Tendoy. 

In 1924, Mabelle L. Hoist came to teach there and 
to live with Miss Head. Leslie courted her and they 
were married December 22, 1924. After his 
marriage, Leslie left the ranch and went to California 
to work for P.O. & E. Gas Company. I was born in 
Oakland, California on January 15, 1926. They 
remained there until I was two, then returned to 
Lemhi County. They divorced in 1934, and he 
married Mata Bennett Dye in 1938 in Butte, 

After the Tendoy ranch sold, he worked as a car 
salesman for the Chevy garage in Salmon. World War 
II made the car business very depressed, and he 
started driving truck for Fred Rose. He drove for 
many years. 

The last years of his life, he worked for Mahaffey 
Livestock of Tendoy. Ill health made it necessary for 
him to leave them. He bought a trailer home and 
lived on our ranch at Leadore. He died June 9, 1974 
at the same place he was born seventy-three years 

— Mabelle F. Mulkey Ellsworth 
Lysle and Mae Carlson Mulkey 

I, Mae C. Mulkey, was born at Tendoy, Idaho on 
June 16, 1916. I was the first white girl born on 
Race Track Bar which was a two mile stretch of level 
ground where the Indians would come to try out 
their race horses. 

I attended the first eight grades at Tendoy to 
where I rode horseback or walked two miles one 
way. It was a one-room school with all eight grades 
and with about twenty-four students. In one end was 
a large wood stove with a metal jacket all around it. 
We would sit on benches around the stove to keep 

Our favorite games were "Anti-Over the School 
House, Black Man, and Phinney in the Hole". There 
were two swings, but no other playground 

By Thanksgiving, we always had two to three feet 
of snow with temperatures of 20 to 30 below zero. 
The last week in January we would have a January 
thaw. The snow would melt and we'd have our three 
months of spring. 

Sometimes ground blizzards would last two to 
three days. My mother would heat rocks, wrap them 
in paper, and put them under a fur robe in the sleigh 
in which Dad would come to take us home. 

I attended high school on the second floor of the 
present Brooklyn School building. Grades one 
through eight were held on the first floor. Of course 
there were no buses. Since we lived twenty-five 
miles away, we paid board and room in local homes. 
Each Monday morning mother would give us $1.00 
for our weekly expenses such as paper, pencils, and 
maybe a five cent candy bar. We never had an 
allowance. All the chores we did were part of family 

The most exciting moment in high school was 
graduation night when Mertia Kane presented me 
with the P.E.O. medal as the outstanding senior girl. 

During the summer of 1935, three girlfriends and I 
went through Yellowstone Park in my girlfriend's car. 
The entire cost per girl was $4.34. This included gas, 
two nights lodging, and the registration fee. We slept 
one night in the car and took most of our food from 

When attending college we rode the Galloping 
Goose, which ran on the train track to Armstead 
(now Clark Canyon Lake), where we would meet the 


train for the rest of our journey. Christmas was the 
only time we got home. By this time the snow was 
so deep on the tracks that the boys would shovel 
and push the train car to get over the hill to 

In 1936, at age twenty, I started teaching at 
Leadore for $85 a month. Out of this I paid $25 a 
month for a room in which to stay. The first winter it 
was 40 degrees below. Our legs nearly froze walking 
to school, but slacks and jeans were not allowed. 

After three years I came to Salmon to teach for 
$110 a month. My first year here I taught third 
grade in the Lincoln School building which was 
where the baseball field across from the junior high 
is now. I retired in 1981 after teaching a total of 
thirty-four years. 

On June 11, 1940 I married Lysle Mulkey who was 
one of the officers in charge of a work camp for the 
C.C.C. at that time. We lived on several ranches at 
Baker and Leadore, and moved to Salmon in the 
spring of 1952. Lysle delivered bread for the Salmon 
Bakery for many years. He then was Deputy 
Assessor of Lemhi County until his death in 1975. 

We had two sons, Selway and Gary, who have also 
written their histories. 

Mae Mulkey, Hawley Carlson, Margaret Viel, June Viel, and far 
right, Selway Carlson with a 1920 Model T Ford in the 
background. Taken in 1925. 

I had four brothers, two died in infancy. My oldest 
brother, Selway, was killed in World War II. He was 
survived by his wife, daughter, and two 
grandchildren. My youngest brother, Hawley Carlson, 
is a doctor of chiropractics here in Salmon. 

I remember how we had to take turns using 
earphones to hear our first radio. "Amos and Andy" 
was the favorite program. 

We raised, butchered, and cured our own pork 
products. It was one of our jobs to keep the fire 
going for weeks to smoke the hams and bacon. Then 
we buried them in the wheat to keep them cool in 
summer and from freezing in winter. 

We drank spring water, but all other water had to 
be hauled from the river in three big fifty gallon 
barrels on a wagon pulled by horses. This water was 
used to wash clothes, on a scrub board, and bathe 
in a small tin tub. The water was heated on a wood 
stove. We'd sit in the tub with legs and feet dangling 
over the edge. 

I received a B.S. Degree from Idaho State 
University at Pocatello; and a B.A. Degree in 
Elementary Education, Special Education and Home 
Economics from Montana State University at 
Missoula. I also took extra education courses from 
Carolyn Swope School at Long Beach, California and 
College of Idaho at Caldwell. 

I have been the past president of B.P.W. and am a 
life member of the National Education Association. I 
am a past president of District #7, and was on State 
Idaho Education Association committees for twenty 
years. I was chairman of the Red Cross and a fifty- 
two year member of the Rebekahs; am a charter 
member of Delta Kappa Gamma and have held the 
position of treasurer for eighteen years; and I'm Past 
Matron and present treasurer of Hugh Duncan #2 
Order of the Eastern Star. In addition to these 
organizations, I have done all kinds of volunteer 

— Mae C. Mulkey 
Selway and Pamela Cain Mulkey 

I, Selway Mulkey, was born March 30, 1946 in 
Saint Patrick's Hospital at Missoula, Montana. I lived 
at Baker and Leadore until I was six years old when 
we moved to Salmon. I attended all twelve years of 
school at Salmon. My mother was my third grade 

I took music lessons from Mr. Hamper and played 
the tenor saxophone in the band from fourth grade 
through twelfth, and also played in college band. 

When I was in the seventh grade, I had my hip 
broken playing football on the gym floor during P.E. I 
had surgery in Idaho Falls and was in a cast for 
many months. During the summers, while attending 
high school and college, I worked for the U.S. Forest 


Selway Mulkey 

Service and was in charge of the brush crew. 

While in high school on Saturdays, I would help my 
father load and deliver bread for the Salmon Bakery 
to all the stores between Salmon and Galena 

I received my B.A. degree in English at Idaho State 
University at Pocatello in 1968; my master's degree 
in English from the University of Idaho at Moscow; 
and a M.Ed, degree in Administration from the 
University of Arizona at Tucson, where I taught four 
years. I then moved to Salmon where I taught four 
years in the English Department and was High 
School principal for three years. 

I married Pamela Cain of Ketchum on August 28, 
1968. we have three boys. The oldest, Derek, is 
attending Stanford University on a scholarship. The 
twins, Justin and Trevor, are in the tenth grade in 
Tonopah, Nevada, where I am presently principal of 
a K-12 school. The previous six years I was 
superintendent of Erica County Nevada Schools. 

All three boys are honor students. Derek was 
student body president; he was chosen on the All 
State Basketball Team and represented the state of 
Nevada for the Rural Electrification Leadership 
Conference in Washington, D.C. his junior year. 
Justin and Trevor are both on the varsity basketball 
team. Both have been president of their class. Justin 

has been awarded the Hugh O'Brien youth award. 

My parents are Lysle and Mae C. Mulkey. The 
recreation in my growing up years was hunting and 
fishing with my younger brother, Gary, and friends. I 
never saw T.V. until I was fourteen years old when 
my family could finally afford one. I still love to fish 
with my boys and to play golf. We drive miles to do 

Ram, my wife, received her B.A. degree in 
Sociology from the University of Idaho at Moscow. 
She is involved with the Lauback Reading program, 
substitutes whenever she is needed, and is teaching 
English to several Spanish-speaking people. 

I am a life member of the Masonic Lodge A.F. and 
A.M. #14 of Salmon, and Ram and I are life 
members of Hugh Duncan Chapter #2. Ram is a 
Rast Matron of Hugh Duncan #2 Order of the 
Eastern Star. 

My grandfather, Charles Carlson, drove freight 
wagons from Red Rock, Montana over the Lemhi 
Rass to Salmon. In 1911 he married Eliza Selway of 
Dillon, Montana. He had homesteaded 160 acres at 
Tendoy. They eventually acquired over 1,000 acres. 
They raised their children and lived here until my 
grandmother passed away in 1946. 

My great-great-grandfather, James Selway, Sr., 
came to Dillon, Montana from Somerset, England in 
1845. He was the first family settler and the first 
one to raise Irish potatoes in Beaverhead County. 
The Selway River, Lakes, and forests were all named 
after members of the Selway family. 

— Selway Mulkey 
William and Carrie Sheets Mulkey 

William H. Mulkey was born November 8, 1860 in 
Aullville, Missouri, the son of Andrew Jackson Mulkey 
and Nancy Jane Rroffitt. He married Carrie Lucey 
Sheets on February 17, 1886 in Nevada, Missouri. 
She had been born March 14, 1865. Two sons were 
born in Missouri. Marvin Mulkey (January 15, 1887- 
October 13, 1957) and Guy Mulkey (December 6, 
1889-February 25, 1932). 

Sometime during the early 1890's they moved to 
Idaho, living in the vicinity of Mulkey Creek, probably 
near the Marian Mulkey ranch. 

Grandma Mulkey became very ill with typhoid 
fever. She lost her hair and her eyesight. The doctor 
told granddad she was homesick and might never 
recover unless he took her home. He traveled to 
Missouri with a blind wife and two small boys. 

After spending some time at home with her 
parents, her health returned and eyesight was 
restored. She made me a quilt when she was eighty- 
six years old. The quilting was splendid. 

When she was strong, she told granddad she was 
ready to return to Idaho. I do not know the year 


that they returned. They lived the remainder of their 
lives in Lemhi County. 

They had three more children, all born in Lemhi 
County, Idaho. Pauline (November 6, 1896 - October 
26, 1981), Hazel (July 19, 1899 - May 9, 1959), and 
Leslie William (October 20, 1901 - June 9, 1974). 
Leslie was my father. 

Granddad was foreman on several ranches owned 
by Eastern livestock companies. He worked on the 
McCormack and Shenon Ranches at Baker, then 
purchased his own ranch at Tendoy about 1914. 
They lived there until 1940 when they sold it to 
Quinn and Clark Riggan. 

Pauline married Vernon Carroll on January 2, 
1918. They had three children: William, Roger, and 
Carrie. All three are living in California. 

Hazel married Stephen Mahaffey on June 12, 
1918. They had two children: Stephen, now living in 
Lovelock, Nevada, and Jane, now living in Clarksville, 

Leslie married Mabelle Hoist on December 22, 
1924. I am their only child and still live at Leadore, 

Of the two older sons, Guy never married. Marvin 
married Ethel Haynes on May 19, 1928, and they 
had one daughter, Delia, also living in California. 

After selling their ranch, they lived in a home on 
the Steve Mahaffey ranch at Tendoy until their 
deaths. William died July 12, 1941 and Carrie died 
September 4, 1953. They are buried in the Salmon 
Cemetery, as are two sons, Guy and Leslie, and one 
daughter. Hazel Mahaffey. 

— Mabelle F. Ellsworth 

Carrie L. Sheets, age 19 

William H. Mulkey, age 23 

William Leytner and Idaho Pattee 

William Leytner (Billy) Mulkey was born on March 
24, 1858 in Lafayette County, Missouri to 
Christopher and Elizabeth Hickman Mulkey. He was 
one of nineteen children, and ran away from home 
at the age of fourteen. He went to the plains of 
Colorado southeast of Denver to cowboy. He drifted 
around the west for the next few years. During this 
time he developed a reputation as a good cowman, 
but no one to mess with as he had a quick temper 
and was good with a pistol. 

Billy heard of some Mulkeys in Lemhi County. He 
arrived here in 1878 with a considerable sum of 
money and all he owned packed on his saddle horse. 
He met a relative who owned a store at Junction, 
and he invested money in the store, but the relative 
lost it in a poker game. 


Two of his cousins were members of the gold 
discovery party at Leesburg - Elijah and Tom Mulkey. 
Lige was killed in a buggy accident. Billy went to 
work for his widow on the ranch at the mouth of 
Mulkey Creek. He was later the cow boss for the 
Shenon Land Company. They ran about 30,000 head 
of cattle from Carmen Creek to Hawley Creek near 

Billy served one term in the Idaho Legislature in 
1898-1899. He was Lemhi County Sheriff from 1907- 
1910. He was also a fifty year member of the Odd 
Fellows Lodge. He was known to ride horseback 
from Leadore to Salmon to attend Lodge meetings. 

Billy married Idaho Pattee on December 25, 1900. 
Ida was the daughter of Joseph and Henrietta 
Springer Pattee. Joe had been a fur trader at Fort 
Hall. Pattee Creek near Tendoy is named after him. 
Henrietta came from Philadelphia with her foster 
parents, the Stephensons. They came with a wagon 
train in 1866 that traversed the Bozeman Road. She 
was at Bannock, Montana, and then moved to 
Junction near Leadore, which the Stephensons 
founded. Her son by an earlier marriage, Billy Smith, 
was the first white child born in Lemhi County. 

Billy and Ida Mulkey purchased the I.S. Johnson 
ranch at the mouth of Pratt Creek near Baker in 
1901. This ranch is still in the family. They had two 
sons: Doyle Leytner was born July 12, 1906, and 
William Lysle was born on October 26, 1910. 

Billy and Ida lived on the ranch until 1945 when 
they moved to Salmon. Billy passed away on 
December 2, 1948. Ida passed away January 5, 

— Bruce L. Mulkey 
Alfred S. and Tina Mullen 

Alfred S. Mullen was born May 22, 1874 in Canyon 
City, Oregon. He was the son of Mary Jane Westfall 
and Joe Mullen. Al spent most of his early years with 
his mother and grandfather, Levi Westfall. The 
Mullen children - Lee, Al, Addie, and Ed - attended 
school at Westfall, Oregon. This town was named for 
Levi Westfall and was started in a corner of his 
homestead near the confluence of Bully and Indian 

Al had six half-brothers and sisters - Ann, William, 
Jr., Nora True, Frank, Cleve, and Red Camman. Most 
of these children lived on the Levi Westfall ranch and 
worked there or at neighboring ranches. Al was 
called the "Silver Dollar Buckaroo". This name was 
earned by riding bucking horses a certain length of 
time with a silver dollar between his boot and the 
stirrup. If the coin stayed put, he won the bets 
which occasionally went for drinking money with 
friends at one of the Westfall saloons. For several 
years, Al was a buckaroo boss for the Pacific 

Livestock Company in Baker County, later called 
Malheur County. This company was a collection of 
holdings that raised hay and ran large herds of cattle 
and horses on open range. 

In 1896, Al married Josephine Blake in Vale, 
Oregon. They had two children, Alice and Ray. They 
were later divorced. Josephine married Johnny 
Howard. The two children lived mainly with Al and 
attended the Westfall school. 

In September of 1915, Al, Alice and Ray brought a 
band of thirty-two horses from Ontario, Oregon to 
Tendoy, Idaho for the Tendoy Livestock Company on 
McDevitt Creek. This trip took twenty-eight days of 
long, hard riding, packing, and camping. Those 
horses were well-trained by the end of the journey. 
The route was across the Snake River into Idaho, to 
Emmett, across the Payette River at Horseshoe 
Bend, up along the Payette River to the North Fork 
and crossing at Smith Ferry, across the mountains 
to Knox, Roosevelt, Thunder Mountain, Yellowjacket, 
Forney, Leesburg, Salmon, and Tendoy. They liked 
the Lemhi Valley and friendly people, so they 
decided to stay. They worked for the Tendoy 
Livestock Company for two years. Pete McKinney, 
superintendent of the Shenon Land Company, hired 
Al to be his sheep foreman, Alice to cook on the 
McCormick Ranch, and Ray to help his son, John 
McKinney, with the cattle. 

On January 14, 1920, Al married Tina Tobias, a 
daughter of Ada and Solon Tobias, who owned a 
ranch on Hayden Creek. Al and Tina worked for 
Thomas Yearian for two years, then moved to 
Tendoy. The families in the valley not only worked 
hard, but they made time for recreation - picnics, 
races, rodeos, fishing, school plays, and lots of 
dances. Sometimes Al would play the harmonica and 
dance Irish jigs. 

Two daughters were born to Tina and Al. Viola was 
born May 13, 1922 and Lois on July 17, 1927. About 
that time, Lee Mullen came from Westfall, Oregon to 
join Al and they started working for Steve and Hazel 
Mahaffey. Steve owned several ranches and bands of 
sheep, and Hazel managed the cattle. Al and Lee fed 
cattle and sheep during the winter. In the early 
spring, the ewes were lambed out in large lambing 
sheds at Tendoy. Later in the spring, ewes were 
sheared, dipped, and paint branded at the home 
ranch. During the summer, two bands of sheep were 
grazed in the Moyer Creek and Yellowjacket area. 
The ewes and lambs were trailed from the Tendoy 
Ranch to Iron Creek where they crossed a sheep 
bridge to be herded to Moyer Creek and Forney. Lee 
took one band to the Yellowjacket area and Al was 
the packer, camp tender, and cook. 

When Viola and Lois were barely old enough to 
ride, Tina joined them at Forney, and she helped 
cook and pack. They had thirteen horses to move 
the camp and sheep. Most of the trails were marked 


January 14, 1920 - Tina Tobias Mullen and Alfred S. Mullen 

with a notch and blade and maintained by the Forest 
Service crews and the Civilian Conservation Corps. 
Rain or shine, home was where the tents were 
pitched. In other years, some of the people who 
helped Al with the sheep included Albert Smith, 
Bernice and David Jenkins, Clarence Palmer and 
Tony Schwartz. In the early fall, the sheep were 
trailed to Salmon. The lambs were sorted and the 
feeders shipped by rail. 

In 1939, Tina and Al leased the John Long Ranch 
three miles north of Salmon. They ranched for three 
years then moved to Salmon since Al was in poor 
health. Al died February 26, 1944, and is buried in 
the Salmon Cemetery. 

Tina Mullen made her living by cooking and 
sewing. She worked for Eleanor and Emmet Reese, 
and Cris and Ina Neilson. She loved to crochet, 
garden and embroider. She won many ribbons at the 
county fairs. Tina died November 3, 1967, and is 
buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 

Alice Mullen married Ray Pyeatt and they ranched 
at Tendoy, then moved to Salmon where Alice ran a 
boardinghouse, mainly for teachers and high school 
students. She later married Leo Buffington, a mining 
engineer. They lived at Jordan Valley and Nyssa, 

Oregon and Caldwell, Idaho. Alice died December 6, 
1978, and Leo died about a year later. They are 
buried at Boise in the Morris Hill Cemetery. 

Ray Mullen married Jean Cooper and they had one 
son, Monte, who lives in Tigard, Oregon. Ray was a 
charter member of the Salmon Elks Lodge 1620. He 
worked in the shipyards at Bremerton, Washington 
during World War II, then moved to Weiser and 
worked in a mercury processing plant. He died April 
14, 1985 and is buried beside his father in the 
Salmon Cemetery. 

Viola Mullen married Eugene Edwards. They live on 
their ranch south of Salmon. They have five children 
- Faye, Roger, Paul, Leslie, and Christine. 

Lois Mullen married Quinton Snook, and they live 
on their ranch fourteen miles southeast of Salmon. 
They have five children - Lois Ann, Quinton A., 
Edward, Clayson, and Charlotte. 

— Viola Edwards 
— Lois Snook 

Alfred S. Mullen 

Leslie L. Mund 

Cecile Mund claimed that her son, Leslie, started 
walking at nine months and could talk at twelve 
months. Toward the end of August, 1924, Les 
walked up to his dad and asked for a chew of 
tobacco. His dad asked, "Why?". The reply was, 
"Mom has been eating wild onions and I can't drink 
her milk". 

Leslie started to school when he was six, and 
learned to milk cows also. At age seven he was left 
at the homestead to care for the younger children. 
He knew how to change diapers and prepare bottles, 
but did not know what to do for sick babies just over 
two months old. When the parents came home he 
was in bed with a twin on each arm, however one 
had perished. 


In 1933, the family went to Hazelton, North 
Dakota for Christmas. The children were enrolled in 
school. When the family returned to Wyoming in the 
spring, the children were all denied admittance to 
the school and were prevented from taking the 
exams by the teacher. The next year the same 
grades had to be taken over from another teacher. 
After going to Salmon, another year was lost when 
Les had to drop out of high school one spring to get 
a job to help support the family. 

The cows had to be milked and the bear fed prior 
to walking to school. One cold morning Les was five 
minutes late at the Brooklyn School and was 
expelled. He had worked for Walter Fox, Emmet 
Reese on Pine Creek, and had cut wood for Fackrells 
and Jack Brough, usually through the summers. 

In his senior year, Les went to work at Yearian's in 
February. Along in May, Bill Hanmer went to Les, 
who had not looked in a book in four months, and 
said, "You can have the day off to take your 
exams". The diploma is authentic. One highlight at 
Yearian's was driving three teams strung out to pull 
the ditcher. 

During the war, while serving in the 96th Deadeye 
Infantry Division, Les signed up for an allotment to 
be sent home each month, which left him about 
$7.50. There is not much for sale in the jungles and 
atolls of the Pacific. The Division consisted of about 
10,000 soldiers. They killed 7,341 of the enemy on 
Leyte and 31,780 on Okinawa. 

Les was awarded the combat infantry badge and 
the bronze star, plus other campaign ribbons. After 
the war, Les and Harvey went into the wood 
business. The winter of 1948-1949, they sold over 
2,000 cords of wood. 

In 1950, a new Mack truck was bought to haul oil 
from a Salt Lake Refinery. It had a sleeper and 
averaged 20,000 miles a month. In about 1953 the 
trucks were moved to Montana to haul for a refinery 
there. Two years later the refinery went bankrupt, 
owing about $10,000 in hauling fees. 

After the tankers were disposed of, Les moved to 
Salmon and went into the ready mix concrete and 
excavation business. He married Ermine (Peggy) 
Burnham Dunstall on May 8, 1958. They bought the 
home place from his mother and she moved to 

Les had back problems for several years. In 1964 
it got so bad he couldn't sit at the table long enough 
to eat. He was admitted to the V.A. hospital in Boise 
for spine surgery. Doctors suggested it might be 
wise to get a different line of work. During the ten 
years since they bought the house, they had 
remodeled it. In the spring of 1968, they sold the 
home, moved to Montana, and bought a Culligan 

In the summer of 1974, Les had more back 
surgery in a V.A. hospital in Salt Lake City. In the 




Leslie L. Mund feeding the bear. 


Ermine (Peggy) and Leslie Mund in 1958. 

summer of 1979, Les had total knee replacement in 
the same hospital. 

Peggy had a sore back for several years. In 1980 
she quit bowling and golfing. Toward fall a technician 
found a spot on her lung and diagnosed it as cancer. 
She suffered very much prior to passing away March 
5, 1981. 

On March 20, 1982 Les and Eleanor Brown Aldous 
were married and went to live in Montana. He hadn't 
proposed to her after the war as he couldn't support 
two families. They sold Culligan February 1, 1985. 
Their home in Salmon was purchased in 1986. 

In 1990, the knee replacement had to be done 
over on Les. 

— Leslie L. Mund 

— Dr. F. S. Wright, of the Leiahi Agency, is 
payings Salmon City a visit. 


Ren and Cecile Horstmeyer Mund 

The Mund family arrived in Salmon in April, 1935. 
They spent the first night at the Cabbage Patch 
Motel, and moved. A two-room log cabin was rented 
on South St. Charles Street for $5 a month. An 8' x 
10' tent was set up in the yard where the two older 
boys slept. 

Ren E. Mundt (before the "T" was omitted), was 
born March 7, 1896 at Herreid, South Dakota. He 
passed away January 17, 1954 at the Veterans' 
Hospital, Miles City, Montana with burial in Mcintosh, 
South Dakota. He grew up on farms, went to school 
as far as the third grade, then enlisted in the Army 
at Linton, North Dakota on March 28, 1918. He was 
discharged February 25, 1919 at Camp Lewis, 

Cecile Matilda Horstmeyer was born January 6, 
1898 at Council Bluffs, Iowa. She passed away 
January 13, 1984 at a nursing home in Brigham City, 
Utah and is buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 

Her family lived on a farm, and she started to 
school in 1905. They moved to a homestead near 
Hazelton, North Dakota in March, 1907. Her father 
had been there the previous summer to make 
arrangements. After a school was established, she 
graduated from the eighth grade. She went two 
years to high school, then went to North Dakota 
Normal School. After receiving a teaching certificate, 
she taught in rural schools for six years. 

Ren and Cecile were married July 5, 1919 at 
Mcintosh, South Dakota. They probably met at one 
of the many dances. Cecile remembered dancing to 
music by the Lawrence Welk band of the area. Ren 
worked various places as a farmhand. 

Harvey Victor Mund was their first born, on 
January 28, 1921, at Paradise, North Dakota. He 

Ellen Bernice Mund, Etta June Mund, Grandmother Horstmeyer, 
Cecile M. Mund, Leslie L. Mund, holding Arlen Julius Mund, 
Harvey Victor Mund, Ren Mund. Walter Ren Mund in front. 

married Melda B. Call on October 4,1951 at Willard, 

Their second born was Estella Edith Mund, on 
March 27, 1922 in Sioux County, North Dakota. She 
passed away October 19, 1922 at Hazelton, North 

Third born was Leslie Lawrence Mund on August 1, 
1923 at their homestead, fourteen miles from 
Hazelton. He married Ermine (Peggy) Burnham 
Dunstall on May 8, 1958 at Shelby, Montana. She 
passed away March 5, 1981 at Shelby, Montana, and 
is buried there. He then married Eleanor Brown 
Aldous March 20, 1982 at Salmon, Idaho. 

In the spring of 1924, the parents and two boys 
headed for Wyoming. Ren got a job with the highway 
department. Cecile worked at the hospital. 

Etta June Mund, their fourth, was born June 23, 
1925 at Gillette, Wyoming. She married Frank 
Johnson, Jr. on June 8, 1946. 

Fifth born, June 29, 1927, was Ellen Bernice Mund 
at Gillette, Wyoming. She married Russell E. Cannon 
on August 12, 1966. 

The spring of 1929, the family moved to a 
homestead forty miles from Gillette. Here, the sixth 
and seventh children were born, Walter R. and 
Wallace C. Mund on October 20, 1930. Wallace died 
January 1, 1931 at the homestead, and is buried in 
Gillette. Walter married Esther Kemmerer on 
January 18, 1952. 

On April 17, 1933, President Roosevelt signed the 
deed to the homestead. Ren's brother Art went to 
Idaho in 1934. When reports of gold in the streets of 
Shoup, Idaho were received, the feet got itchy. 

The livestock and other possessions were sold at 
an auction in the spring of 1935. The family headed 
west in a 1930 pickup, with bows and a tarp over 
the bed. The older children rode in the back of the 
pickup, while the younger ones rode in the cab. A 
two-wheeled trailer was hooked on for personal 

July 8, 1936, Ren and Cecile bought eight lots 
from Inez and Allen Merritt for $150. The older boys 
went to the mountains to cut wood and house logs. 
The new house was built in 1938. 

Ren was night watchman for the city of Salmon 
for several years. Cecile cooked at various cafes for 
about six years, then cooked for Stine's Maternity 
Home a few years. 

Eighth born was Arlen Julius Mund on January 12, 
1941 at Salmon. He married Marie Benedict on 
September 5, 1981. 

Ren and Cecile were divorced in 1942. Cecile and 
the children worked at Reese's Pine Creek Ranch for 
awhile during the war. She didn't seek employment 
after the war, but was content to raise a garden and 
cook, plus take wood orders for her boys, and enjoy 

Les bought the house in 1958. Cecile bought a 


house in town. In October, 1961 she visited her son, 
Walter, and family in Hawaii for two weeks. After 
cooking for the hospital for fifteen years, she retired 
in 1973. 

— Leslie L. Mund 

Glen and Joyce Everson Munkres 

Glen Munkres was born January 29, 1918 to Frank 
and Leah Munkres, at the family ranch on Fourth of 
July Creek. He had four brothers - James, Baby 
Munkres, Verl and Dick; and four sisters - Rose, 
Nora, Mae, and Lois. Glen attended school for eight 
years in the little schoolhouse situated a short 
distance from the mouth of the creek. 

Joyce Everson was born at Fond du Lac, 
Wisconsin, on November 7, 1921. Her parents were 
Jesse and Ethel Gotchey Everson. She has one 
sister, Elaine Schubring. Jesse was a disabled World 
War I veteran, and until his death in 1967 he resided 
in various veteran's homes. 

Ethel and Jesse were divorced, and sometime 
later, Ethel married Lee Medberry. They moved to 
Gibbonsville in 1930, when Joyce was nine years old. 
Lee had been a mechanic but times were hard and 
he worked at whatever he could find to do. He was 
good to his stepdaughters, treating them as though 
they were his own, and they loved him dearly. Lee 
died in 1947. Ethel passed away December 5, 1985 
at the Valley Care Center in Idaho Falls, Idaho. 

Joyce Everson and Glen Munkres were married 
June 30, 1937. They lived on Little Fourth of July 
Creek, on the ranch they bought from Glen's 
parents. Glen worked for the Forest Service in the 
summer months, sometimes on Steen Mountain at 
the lookout. It was here that Glen, Jr. learned to 
walk. Glen worked for various ranchers during the 
winters, and also drove the school bus that 
transported the Fourth of July Creek kids down to 
the mouth of the creek, where they met the regular 
school bus into Salmon. 

After moving to town in 1955, Glen worked for 
Dick Shoup at Lemhi Feed and Grain until 1959, 
when he signed on with Lemhi County as a deputy 
sheriff. He quit the position in 1968, but returned to 
the county force in 1974. 

During the 1968-1974 period, he drove the main 
stage to Darby, later worked for Havemann 
Hardware, and for a time managed the Stagecoach 
Inn and Motel, with Joyce's assistance. 

Glen spent long hours investigating accidents, 
burglaries, and break-ins. He must have investigated 
hundreds of such cases. The largest was where an 
estimated $100,000 worth of stolen property was 
recovered after a suspect had barricaded himself in 
an upstairs apartment' at the KOA Campground near 

Wagonhammer Springs, north of Salmon. The 
suspect was found dead when officers stormed the 

Glen retired from the county in 1984, after serving 
as deputy sheriff for twenty years. At the time of his 
death October 5, 1987, he had worked for the 
Forest Service for three years. Glen died of a heart 
attack while on duty down the Salmon River. 

Joyce worked at Motel Deluxe for several years, 
and is active in the Episcopal Church. Three children 
were born to Glen and Joyce: 

Patricia Ann married Neil McCarroll and they had 
one child. She later married Ken Jones and they live 
at Springfield, Oregon. 

Glen Leroy was a navy man for ten years and is 
now a Baptist minister. He married Faye Kurkendall, 
and they have four children and live in Golconda, 

Linda Marie married first. Art Ling, and second, 
Mike Allen. Her occupation is dog-grooming and Mike 
is a supervisor at QB Beam Plant. They have no 

Hobbies of the Munkres have always consisted of 
hunting, fishing, and camping. Joyce has remarked 
that this was the usual thing when the weekend 
rolled around. 

The Munkres, friends, and relatives observed their 
50th Wedding Anniversary on June 30, 1987, just 
three months before Glen's death. 

— Joyce Munkres 

Glen and Joyce Munkres 


Lorin Murdock Family, (insert) Lorin Lee, BACK: Kelly Ann, 
Cherie, and Kerry. FRONT: Dorothy and Lorin 

Lorin and Dorothy Hutto Murdock 

The Murdock family moved to the Leadore area of 
the Lemhi Valley on June 29, 1972. Their four 
children ranged in age from fifteen years to three 
years old. Lorin Lee was born August 3, 1956 at 
Driggs, Idaho. Kerry Ray was born February 24, 
1959 at Salmon. Dorothy Cherie was born May 3, 
1965 at Woodville, Texas, and Kelly Ann was born 
April 14, 1969 at Woodville. 

Lorin Andrew Murdock, a native of Idaho, always 
dreamed of owning a ranch in the beautiful 
mountains of Idaho. His dream came true when they 
purchased the Taylor Mahaffey Ranch located on 
Cottom Lane. 

The children all attended Leadore School and with 
the exception of Kelly Ann, graduated there. Kelly 
attended there for eleven years, but finished her last 
year in Texas. The family were supporters of all 
school activities. They also supported community 
projects and found joy in association with people of 
the valley. They found time to serve on political 
committees to help promote the freedoms and way 
of life they enjoyed in this valley. 

Lorin and Dorothy were very hospitable people 
and often entertained company. Lorin very much 
enjoyed hunting and fishing and took pleasure in 
inviting family, friends, and acquaintances to 
accompany him. 

The Murdock clan was a close knit group, and a 
large one. It was not unusual to see seventy family 
members gather for special occasions. 

The Murdocks were all active members of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Lorin 
served as Bishop of the Leadore Ward during 1988- 
89. Three of the children; Lorin Lee, Kerry Ray, and 
Kelly Ann served as missionaries for their church. 

Lorin Lee was killed in a "hit and run" accident on 
December 6, 1975, while in Texas serving a mission. 

After finishing college, Cherie came to Leadore for 
her first year of teaching. She also coached the girls 
basketball team. Kerry met Sandra Kaye Whitworth 
while attending Ricks College. They were married 
and came back to the ranch to live and work. They 
have five children: Aaron, Bryan, Rachel, Rebecca, 
and Sarah. 

Dorothy's health wasn't very good, and after a few 
trips back "home" to Texas, they decided she felt 
better in the lower altitude and milder climate there, 
so the family began making plans to move to Texas. 
The family knew that they would miss the 
mountains, fishing in the clear streams, their friends, 
and the general way of life in the Lemhi Valley, but 
on April 10, 1990, they traded their mountain home 
and ranch for one near Paris, Texas in the Red River 

Kerry and Sandra continue to ranch with Lorin and 
Dorothy. Cherie teaches school and coaches nearby 
and Kelly Ann is still at this time on a mission for the 
LDS Church in California. 

— Lorin Murdock 


Have you seen the UNDERWEAR for Men at 
90c a suit? 

It is heavyweight, fleece lined cotton and cannot 
be beaten for the money. 

Remember, we are giving 10 per cent discount 
for cash. 

Geo. H. Monk & Co. 

1902 Advertisement 



Ernest and Katie McFarland Neal 

Ernest Neal and Katie McFarland were married 
March 28, 1929, in Challis, Idaho, and moved to the 
ranch on Carmen Creek which he had purchased in 
1926. It was the Bill Barton place. They lived in a 
two room log house with a dirt roof. There were two 
more rooms just pushed on the other part. They 
lived in this house for ten years. They were partners 
with Ern's dad and brother, John. The two ranches 
joined. They had a band of sheep and milked a lot of 

In the early thirties, they sold the sheep, except 
for a hundred head, and then bought some black 
Angus cows. The depression in the thirties was 
rough. The banks went broke and left them without 
any money to pay their bills. They lived off the 
cream they sold each week. They had no light or 
telephone bills to pay. Ben Dillon sheared the sheep, 
but had to wait for his pay until they sold the wool. 
They would help Katie's folks, the Peter McFarlands, 

FRONT ROW: Patsy and Jack BACK ROW: Ernest and Katie 

brand their calves. Their neighbor, Milt Slavin, would 
go with them, then they would help him. Soon most 
of the ranchers on the creek joined in. The women 
and children went along. It was a happy get together 
twice a year and is still going on. They hauled wood 
from way up Carmen Creek with teams and 

Times got better in the late thirties, so in 1939, 
they built their house which Katie still lives in. They 
got phone and electricity in 1941 and found it was 
wonderful to have electric appliances and water in 
the house. They got their first Ford tractor and 
mower then, also. 

The Carmen Grange started in May 1941 and Ern 
and Katie were both charter members, held many 
offices, many times, and really enjoyed it. They had 
three children. Precious (Patsy), who married Dick 
Morton, Ernest Peter, who only lived nine months, 
and John (Jack) who has the ranch now. 

— Katie Neal 

Meade and Jessie Alice Long Neal 

Meade McClellan Neal was born August 15, 1863, 
at Olivesburg, Ohio. This was during the Civil War 
and his brother, William, who was in the service, 
named him for two Union generals. When Meade was 
eleven, his family moved to Stuart, Iowa. As a young 
man, he moved to Kansas where he met Jessie Alice 
Long and married her October 12, 1884, In 
Oskaloosa, Kansas. Alice was born in Lisbon, Iowa, 
April 12, 1863, to John and Nancy Kelsey Long. 

Meade and Alice farmed in Kansas for two years 
then moved back to Stuart. While in Kansas their 
son, John Cantwell, January 13, 1886, and stillborn 
twin girls were born. Precious May, January 4, 1894, 
and Edgar Meade, November 25, 1896, were born in 

In 1896 the Neals moved to Lemhi County, 
following Alice's parents who had moved here after 
the death of Bob Moore, John Long's brother, to 
take possession of his ranch. Two more sons were 
born after moving to Idaho, Henry, December 7, 
1899, and Ernest, May 3, 1901. Both Edgar and 
Henry served in World War I. Edgar was a deep sea 
diver and died at age 25 unmarried. 

The first place Alice and Meade lived in Idaho was 
at Red Rock about 15 miles north of Salmon and 
then homesteaded a place on the west side of the 
Salmon River just below the Carmen bridge. There 
they built a large two story log house near the bank 
of the river. While living there the first bridge across 
the river at Carmen was built. Alice cooked for the 
men working on the bridge. There was a good ford 
there and before the bridge was built, John, the 
oldest boy, drove buggies across for some of the 
women, one being Mrs. Peter McKinney. Precious 
used to pack rock off the bank so the teamsters 


couldn't find any to throw at their horses. 

Indians camped along the river, probably to fish 
for Salmon, and often came to Neals to buy hay for 
their horses. Meade charged them ten cents for all 
the hay a squaw could pack on her back. The 
Indians also bought potatoes from them. One time 
the kids were sent to the cellar to get them a bucket 
of potatoes and as a joke, they filled the bottom 
with onions. The next time the Indians came for 
potatoes, they asked for the same mix. 

Alice was a good cook, and would feed anyone 
who appeared at her door, including two Chinese 
miners who stopped there on their way to town after 
walking out of Moose Creek. The Chinese some 
times caught rides to town with Meade. Meade 
worked in several mines to help support his family. 
The children rode saddle horses across the river to 
attend school at Carmen. 

In 1908, Meade and Alice bought a ranch on 
Carmen Creek and built a two story frame home, 
the lumber hauled by team and wagon from Hughes 
Creek. Meade was able to pay for this ranch by 
selling hay and grain to the construction company 
building the railroad into Salmon. They also milked a 
lot of cows and Alice made butter, sealed it in tins, 
and sold it to the mines. In 1920, they bought a 
band of sheep. The summer range for this band was 
in the Panther Creek drainage. Ernest, the youngest 
son, was the camp tender. The descendants of this 
band of sheep stayed in the Neal family until 1979. 
The Neals always had cattle, first Shorthorns, then 
Angus and finally Herefords. 

August 12, 1913, Precious married Fred Kohl at 
her parents home and went to Yellowstone Park by 
team and wagon for their honeymoon. John married 
Edith, and after her death, Catherine Stuart. Henry 
married Sadie Blassingame December 3, 1920, and 
Ernest married Katie McFarland March 28, 1929. 
Alice Neal died November 28, 1934. Following 
Meade's death November 6, 1949, the ranch was 
sold to Corbin Moore. In 1960, Dick Morton, whose 
wife. Patsy, was Meade Neal's granddaughter, 
bought the ranch and still lives there. 

— Janice Neal 
John and Cammie Capps Nebeker 

Cammie Capps Nebeker was born July 29, 1956, 
in Salmon to Martin and Almira Capps. She was the 
youngest of four children. 

Cammie attended Pioneer Elementary School, 
Brooklyn Junior High and graduated from Salmon 
High School in 1974. She was active in drill team, 
honor roll society, White House Conference, drama 
and various clubs such as 4-H. 

Growing up along the banks of the Salmon River 
on Happy Hollow Dude Ranch was a unique 

experience. Up until 1963, the ranch had a crank 
telephone. Memories such as haying with teams of 
horses, trail rides, float trips, cattle rustlers, and 
meeting people from around the world were part of 
this unique lifestyle. 

In search of a job that would satisfy her father's 
qualifications of being educational, Cammie found 
one that was satisfactory. She was the first female 
disc jockey at KSRA Radio. 

Cammie attended Boise State University and 
Brigham Young University. 

On August 18, 1977, in Salt Lake City, Utah, she 
married John Nebeker of LaGrande, Oregon. They 
had four children: Amber, Wyatt, Nancy, and Will. 

John attended Brigham Young University and 
Physical Therapy School at the University of Utah. 
Upon graduating, the Nebekers resided in Texas, 
Oregon, Idaho, and Utah, with their current 
residence in Neola, Utah. 

Although Cammie has traveled overseas through 
many countries and seen many different landscapes 
including the Swiss Alps, she says there are no 
mountains or valleys as beautiful as in Lemhi 

— Cammie Nebeker 

FRONT ROW: Amber, John SECOND ROW: Wyatt, Cammie BACK 
ROW: Nancy, Will 


Joseph Stewart and Margaret Stevens 

Joseph Stewart Nebeker was born May 6, 1917, 
on a spring morning in Fairview, Wyoming, to 
Archiles and Dora Belle Stanton Nebeker. the 
youngest of nine children. 

Margaret Evedean Stevens was born March 13, 
1917, in Blackfoot. Idaho, the middle child of three 
children born to George and Susan Allphin Stevens. 

Margaret and Joe met in Blackfoot where he was 
employed by the R.C. Rich Sheep Co., and Margaret 
was still living at home with her parents. They dated 
for five years and finally Margaret told Joe that if he 
went to the hills one more time without her, there 
would never be a wedding. That same evening, April 
30, 1941, they were married in Odgen, Utah. They 
lived in Burley, Rupert, and Soda Springs, Idaho, 
while employed by the sheep company. 

After moving to Blackfoot, Joe was employed by 
the Blackfoot Creamery, the sugar factory, 
Plymouth, Dodge and DeSoto as parts man, for Don 
Swenson at Tractor Sales and Service as parts man, 
and as on-the-road salesman for Kraft Foods. 

While working for the Creamery, Joe traveled 
often to Salmon, and grew to love the area and the 
people. In 1957, he and Paul Brog became partners 
in a wholesale dairy business. Later on, Joe 
purchased Paul's half of the business and renamed it 
Joe's Dairy. He and Margaret owned and operated 
this business for twenty-five years. They also owned 
and operated Joe's Artie circle, now known as the 
Savage Circle, for nine and one-half years. People 
say that many a good meal was served from the 

On May 3, 1943, a son. Dean LaMar, was born to 
the Nebekers. On February 6, 1945, another son, 
Joseph S., was born, but lived only two days. Their 
third child, Lois Verline, was born January 26, 1947, 
completing this little family. Lois is married to Jay 
Bowman and they have two children, Dan and 
Kristy. Joe and Margaret have four other grandsons, 
Joe, Don, torn and Todd Nebeker, and four great- 
grandchildren, Casey (girl), Brandon, Jordan, and 
Shawn Nebeker. 

Joe judged the parade livestock at the Eastern 
Idaho State Fair at Blackfoot in 1975, 1976, and 
1977, but heart problems forced him to stop doing 
this. He experienced chest pains while serving as 
Master of Ceremonies for an Old Time Fiddlers 
Jamboree at Challis and decided to go to Salt Lake 
for a check-up. The doctors wouldn't release him 
from the hospital until by-pass surgery had been 

He received an Eagle Scout award while in 
Blackfoot, a Scoutmaster for fourteen years and was 
a committeeman on the Board of Review for three 
years. He is now registered as a candidate for the 

Silver Beaver Award, which he will be eligible for in 

While in Blackfoot, he and Margaret were dance 
directors for the Mutual Improvement Association, 
and Joe served as Elder's Quorum President for two 
years, both of these activities were for the LDS 

Joe has played with the Old Time Fiddlers for 
more than twenty years, and was the caller for the 
square-dancers during the very first Salmon River 

The Back County Horsemen and the Long-Ears 
Mule Club are two more of his hobbies, and he 
writes the monthly reports for both these clubs. Two 
of his reports have been published in a sports 
magazine devoted to these sports. In his (spare) 
time, he tends his yard and does a little 

Margaret keeps busy keeping Joe in line, and 
loving her children, grandchildren, and great- 

— Joe Nebeker 

— Margaret Nebeker 

— Lois Bowman 

Darrell J. and Verna Bates Nef 

Darrell J. Nef, son of Emil Nef and Eva Lenora 
Johnson was born April 8, 1932, at Burton, Idaho, 
verna May Bates, daughter of Floyd Joshual Bates 
and Eliza May Bean was born July 1, 1925, at Sugar 
City, Idaho. Darrell and Verna were married 
November 19, 1943, in the Salt Lake Temple. They 
lived in Burton until 1945 when Darrell went in the 
service, serving in the Seabees. After he returned 
home, he helped his father on the farm and sorted 

In the spring of 1947, they made a trip to Salmon 
to move some friends out. They also visited friends 
in the Leadore area and learned the Frank Dawson 
ranch was for sale. Feeling the need for a change in 
their lives, they decided to buy the ranch and by 
April, 1948, Darrell had moved to the ranch on Lee 
Creek. Verna came out in June following the birth of 
their second daughter. 

It was a new experience working with the cattle 
and getting familiar with the irrigation, range rights, 
and a home with no water, but they loved working 
together and enjoying the beautiful mountains, wild 
flowers, game and good times with friends and lots 
of company. 

The winter of 1948-49 was a really hard one. They 
were wondering if they had made a wise choice 
when they were snowed in so much. Darrell rode the 
horse to Leadore to mail Christmas cards and they 
went with the team and sleigh to get fuel oil, 


supplies, and ship cream. They left the children with 
LeRoy and Rose Peterson while they made the trip. 
The first few years they lived on cream checks as 
the calf check made the ranch payments. The 
stackyard fences were snowed under and the rabbits 
ate the haystacks so they looked like toad stools. 
The potatoes froze hard as rocks and there was 
even ice in the vanilla. As time went on, many 
improvements were made on the ranch and in their 

Five children were born to this union. Sharal Lee, 
born August 20, 1944, married Merrill Max Beyeler 
December 30, 1966. They have five children: Amy, 
Bryant, Curtis, Douglas, and Elissa. Barbara Kay, 
born May 27, 1948, married Grant Leiand Thompson 
September 6, 1973. They have four children: Travis, 
Kristy, Gina, and LeGrand. Michael J., born January 

13, 1950, married Karia Cook January 19, 1973. 
They have seven children: Trent, Rodney, Lorna, 
Todd, Devin, Trudy, and Tiffany. Myra Ann, born 
October 13, 1953, married Delaine Bowen August 

14, 1975. They have five children: Jonathan, 
Jeremy, Melanie, Matthew and Pamela. Anthony B., 
born August 10, 1957. The children all grew up in 
Leadore and graduated from Leadore High except 
Myra, who spent the last two months as a Senior in 
Snowflake, Arizona, with Barbara and graduated 

The Nets have been active members of the Church 
of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, and served in 
many responsible positions. They have also served in 
the community in the Farm Bureau and Verna was 
chosen Farm Wife in the county and district in 1983. 
Darrell served on the school board, FHA and ASCS 
boards. Verna was postal clerk at the Leadore Post 
Office from 1963 to 1974. Darrell also is an 
insurance salesman. 

FRONT ROW: Anthony and Myra Ann MIDDLE ROW: Verna, 
Darrell J. Nef, Michael BACK ROW: Sharal and Barbara 

Darrell, Verna, and family love to go fishing, 
camping, and swimming for recreation. They enjoy 
dancing and traveling and have gone on many 
exciting trips. 

They have twenty-one grandchildren and one great 

— Darrell and Verna Nef 
Charles and Rhoda Woodside Negus 

Charles Andrew Negus was born in Vermillion, 
South Dakota, September 8, 1875, the son of 
Joshua and Mary Martin Negus. His parents died 
while he was a small child of seven or eight, so one 
of the neighbors looked after him until arrangements 
could be made to send him to relatives. On the day 
he was to leave, the neighbor lady pinned a note to 
Charlie's shirt stating: Please take care of this little 
boy until he arrives in Butte, Montana. This was a 
scary time for him all alone on a big train by himself. 
He was put on the train and sent to his sister and 
her husband, Hank and Ada Smith, in Heckia, 
Montana. He grew up there and attended school. As 
a young man, he worked in the mines of Butte and 

Charley married Rhoda Belle Woodside, daughter 
of John Robinson and Nancy Jane Seybold, 
November 14, 1895, in Farlain, Montana. Rhoda was 
born in Maryville, Missouri, and spent her childhood 
there. When she was nine years of age, her father 
passed away. When she was eleven, the family 
moved to Farlain, where her brother was engaged in 
mining work in and around the area. 

Charles and Rhoda were blessed with four children 
while living in Montana: Clarence, born March 5, 
1898; Alice, born July 10, 1901; Lloyd, born 
November 29, 1904; and Ruth, born October 16, 

In the late spring of 1910, Charlie decided to 
move to Idaho. Rhoda and the children ere 
heartsick. They had a nice cabin and acreage for the 
horses and cows they owned and Rhoda knew they 
would have to leave a lot of their possessions 
behind. Also, she was expecting their fifth child and 
she knew the long trip in the wagon would be hard 
to bear. They loaded the wagon with everything they 
could, leaving behind furniture, the big Monarch 
cook stove and sleds and wagons the kids had. The 
family settled in Junction while Charlie worked in the 
mines at Gilmore and vicinity. On December 18, 
1910, Ernest was born and Ruthie was thrilled to 
have a baby brother. 

The next year, the family moved to Gilmore where 
Charlie had prepared a home for them. He dug a 
large hole in the side of the mountain for the 
bedroom, then built a lean-to shack in front for a 
kitchen. The bedroom was scary at night, with mice. 


spiders, and other bugs crawling on the beds. Water 
for the families came from a pipeline over the hill 
from Meadow Lake for summer use. In the winter, 
the water was bought from a fellow who hauled it 
into town. Everyone carried buckets of water into 
their homes each day. Snow was carried in to a 
wash tub on the wood cookstove to be melted for 
washing clothes by hand and for bathing. Rhoda 
baked the bread and made most of their clothing on 
the treadle sewing machine. Son Clarence provided 
meat for the table, hunting each day for squirrel, 
rabbit, and deer as needed. 

On May 4, 1914, Harold was born, a twelve pound 
baby that left Rhoda tired and weak. All of Rhoda's 
babies were born at home with a midwife or 
neighbor helping. Hospitals were unknown in those 

In 1918, the family left Gilmore and homesteaded 
a ranch on Hayden Creek. Charlie built a log cabin 
with a dirt roof that had real board floors, which 
were scrubbed with lye until they were clean. It all 
seemed like heaven to them after living in the shack 
at Gilmore. Rhoda lived on Hayden Creek until 1945 
when she moved to Salmon to live with her son, 
Clarence. She passed away May 4, 1949, at age 
seventy-three. Charlie continued to live on Hayden 
Creek until his death in the Salmon Hospital August 
19, 1963, at age eighty-seven. They are both buried 
in the Salmon Cemetery. 

— Eleitha Daniels 


Charles and Rhoda Negus, 1930 

Clyde and Ruby Meservy Nelson 

Clyde Stanley Nelson was born November 12, 
1932, to Rafeal Thomas Nelson and Reva Myrtle 
Warner Nelson. He was born at home in Aberdeen, 
Idaho. He had four sisters: Joyce, who died when 
she was seven months old, Reva Kay, who lives in 
Salmon and twin sisters, Faye and Gaye, who died at 
birth. Clyde attended Aberdeen schools until the 
seventh grade in 1944 when his family moved to 
Salmon. They bought the old Red Brown ranch one 
mile east of Salmon form Art and Audrey Hodes. The 
ranch consisted of two hundred-fifty acres of land. 
The family lived on the ranch for two years, then 
leased the ranch to Ray and Ruby Skinner while they 
went back to Aberdeen for a year. Clyde and his 
family returned to Salmon in 1947 and have lived on 
the ranch until the present time. 

In 1963, Clyde and his father took three hundred- 
twenty acres of land out of sagebrush and cultivated 
it into farmable ground that is now part of the 
original ranch, for a total of six hundred-forty acres. 

Clyde completed his high school education in 
Salmon and graduated in 1950. He married Ruby 
Ann Meservy, a native of Dietrich, Idaho, December 
14, 1950. Ruby was the third of eight children born 
to Mapy Cleopha Anderson and Levi James Meservy 
Their family moved to Salmon in the winter of 1941, 
bringing their household belongings on a hay wagon 
pulled behind their car. Ruby's brothers and sisters 
include Merlin and John, both of whom died at birth. 
Pearl Mae, James Leroy, Opal lone, richard Lee, and 
Garnett Lucille. Ruby is an avid gardener, raising 
many kinds of fruit, flowers and vegetables in a large 
garden and does a lot of canning. She also loves 
quilting, all of her children and grandchildren and 
many friends are enjoying quilts she made over the 
years. Ruby's mother and father were divorced in 
1948 and her mother died of cancer in 1952, so the 
youngest children, Richard and Garnett, lived with 
Clyde and Ruby until they graduated from high 

Clyde and Ruby have five daughters. Theresa Ann 
was born June 3, 1952, and is now married to Larry 
Sherman Weeks. They have two daughters, Krista 
Ann and Anjanette, and a son, Don Sherman. Leslie 
Christine was born January 8, 1954, and is now 
married to Michael Ray Brown. They have three 
daughters and two sons: Cara Cleopha, Reilie 
Mikkell, Michael Rafeal, Ashley Christine, and Derek 
Russell. Julie Gay, born January 18, 1958, is married 
to Kelly Carbine Stewart. They have three children: 
Tyston Carbine, Toby Dawn and Tisha Leanne. Janna 
Lynn, born December 6, 1963, is married to Steven 
Ray Herbst and they have three children: Rachel 
Lynn, Darren Ray, and Brian Steven. Stephanie was 
born February 19, 1970, and is currently attending 
Dixie College in St. George, Utah. 


Clyde ranched in partnership with his father for 
many years. They purchased some Hereford cattle 
in 1945 and also raised russet potatoes for many 
years. When Clyde finished high school, he became 
interested in Black Angus cattle, she and his father 
purchased some registered Angus cattle in 1952 
from Charles Finucum in Hayden Lake, Idaho. After 
Rate's death in 1971, they ceased raising potatoes 
and the ranch became solely based around the 
Angus cattle. 

Clyde and Ruby have become very active in the 
Angus industry and are top producers of Angus 
cattle. Their daughters have all been active in the 4- 
H programs and the family has shown their cattle in 
many shows across the United States. They have a 
very extensive and progressive program on the 
ranch. Clyde likes to keep current on the new, 
innovative ideas in the cattle business, and has been 
a leader in many areas. For the past nine years, he 
has been doing extensive work with embryonomics, 
and produced the Nation's Show Heifer of the Year 
in 1987, as well as the Nation's leading growth bull 
for three consecutive years. Clyde and Ruby were 
also chosen Idaho Angus Family of the Year in 1988. 

— Clyde and Ruby Nelson 

} >^ 

Ruby and Clyde Nelson 


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Frank R. and Louise Call Nelson 

Frank Roberts Nelson was born in Thayne, 
Wyoming, November 1, 1912, the fourth son of 
Joseph Leo Nelson and Jane Mathews Roberts. He 
inherited his love of ranching from his grandparents 
and dreamed of sometime having a ranch of his 
own. After years of mining, sawmilling, trucking and 
working as night supervisor at the Salt Lake County 
shops, he bought Ted Hisey's ranch on Fourth of 
July Creek, twenty-five miles from Salmon, Idaho. 

In 1960, after their daughter, Afton, married, he 
moved his wife, Louise, and their children, Paul, 
sixteen; David, eleven; Gary, eight; Nadine, six; and 
Lowell, three, to the ranch, complete with a cow and 
a herd of sheep. 

Returning to his work in Utah for another year, he 
admonished Louise to make friends with the 
neighbors. She wondered how she could do that 
with fences made for cows, not sheep. Only her 
pioneer heritage sustained her. Louise was the 
fourth of seven children of Willard Call of Bancroft, 
Idaho, and Louie Ann Hale of Afton, Wyoming, both 
descendants of plains-crossing Mormons. Since 
marrying Frank in 1936, she had done some 
pioneering of her own, following his portable sawmill 
through the wilds. 

Winter's contentment was marred with loneliness, 
frozen pipes, and tin-tub bathing, but spring renewed 
their enthusiasm. She learned to harvest wild foods 
like dandelion, stinging nettle, watercress, thistle, 
and waterleaf, but she wanted a real garden. With 
her shovel, she attacked an alfalfa field and 
discovered that alfalfa roots find sustenance in 
China. She persevered and coaxed some seed to 
promise. Horses broke the fence, and rolled. She 
planted again. The sheep got in. With vigilance and 
dedication, she won a harvest. She was proud. 

When company came for a few days, she left the 
chores for the children. They tried to tell her 
something was wrong, but she shushed their 
warnings. No one must know that all was not well in 
their paradise. After the company left, she went to 
the barn and found the cow with a caked bag. She 
had read that alder leaves were good for caked 
breast. She gathered a bushel of leaves, bruised 
them with a hammer and packed them around the 
cow's udder in a gunny sack sling pinned over her 
back. The next morning, the bag milked out 

She was converted. Gary's rattler bites were 
poulticed with plantain. Crushed plantain leaves 
stopped the bleeding when she slashed her thumb, 
and the root controlled toothache. Wormwood 
soaked the pain out of sprained ankles and yarrow 
relieves colds. She pursued her study of these 
wonderful herbs. It seemed a companion study to 
her main interests: Religion, Iridology and 


Personology, clues to the spiritual, physical and 
mental well-being of man. 

Ending his work in Utah, Frank joined the family. 
He told Louise that it was truly said that it was the 
women who won the west. She smiled modestly, but 
her heart was warmed. He further mollified her by 
selling the sheep. 

He installed gravity flow irrigation sprinklers and 
piped spring water to the houses and corrals. He 
built a hay barn and bought the first round baler in 
the country. 

He served six years on the school board. He and 
Louise have each served in both Ward and Stake 
positions for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter- 
Day Saints. 

Yes, they have made friends with their neighbors 
and are fifty-five years into living happily ever after 

— Louise Nelson 

Herman and Jennie Nelson 

The Heart X ranch is located eighteen miles below 
Shoup on the Salmon River. It originally consisted of 
an alfalfa field on the bench above the river, pasture 
lands and an orchard of a large variety of fruits, all 
irrigated from Lake Creek, an adequate creek that 
runs through it. Access from the road to the place is 
by cable car. 

Our uncle, Ed Gwyther, a much wounded World 
War I veteran, bought the property in 1920 and 
developed it into a beautiful productive land 
consisting of a large hayfield, pasture lands, large 
orchard and a sizeable herd of cattle. His livestock 
brand was the Heart X, which was also used to name 
the ranch. 

Ed Gwyther died in 1934 of a heart attack while 
canning fruit and was found a week later by a 
boatman passing by. He was buried on the place and 
later interred in the Salmon Cemetery. His brother, 
John, took over the place and operated it until his 
death about two years later. It was then leased to 
Charles Harkey, a retired Kansas City business man, 
who kept the place in excellent shape and continued 
to lease it for four years after we purchased the 
property in 1942. In 1946, Harkey bought a place in 
Ellis. Later, we leased the place to Colon Smith, a 
neighboring fruit grower. During Smith's tenure, the 
hayfield, fences and the orchard began to run down. 
Beaver had taken a severe toll of over one-half the 
trees of the orchard. This loss was curbed when the 
Idaho Fish and Game trapped the beaver. Smith sub- 
leased it to Arnold Fritz for a couple of years at 
which time his son, Dan Fritz, a medical aid or nurse 
at Salmon Medical Center, was born in the old log 

Heart X Ranch - 1976 

After we bought the place, my brothers Howard, 
Leonard, and I used the ranch as headquarters for 
our hunting and fishing trips. Jennie and I built a new 
cabin in 1962, and being retired from a Boise 
business and teaching, we have made it our home 
for the major part of each year; keeping up the 
orchard and growing a large vegetable garden, but 
have let the rest of the place go back to nature. 

Our sons, Bryce, Van, Clyde, and their families 
consider it a perfect vacation spot; consequently, all 
of them spend most of their vacations there. It is an 
ideal place for family reunions. We are often visited 
by elk, deer, mountain sheep, mountain lions, 
coyotes, bald eagles, bear, an occasional moose, and 
especially large flocks of many colored birds during 
the migratory seasons. Otter often perform for us in 
the river. 

Many changes are noticeable on the river since we 
acquired the ranch. At that time, the traffic past our 
place was approximately three hundred cars per 
year, and has increased by thousands to the present 
time. The backpacking, hunting, fishing, and many 
water sports have increased immensely. The single 
lane, narrow dirt road has been improved somewhat 
and the old crank telephone with seventeen parties 


on one line has been replaced with a modern phone 
system. Now we are looking forward to better roads 
and the possibility of getting electric service. 

The expanding association with our caring 
neighbors and families along the river has developed 
into a genuine friendship and a deep appreciation of 
human values. It is a rewarding place in which to 

In 1976, a picture of the Heart X Ranch was used 
on calendars throughout the land to celebrate the 
bicentennial of the founding of our country. The 
ranch has been in our family for seventy years. 

— Herman Nelson 
— Jennie Nelson 

Jack Nelson 

I was born in Aberdeen, Idaho, July 26, 1931, one 
of four children, of Ferg and Delia Vee Nelson. 
Dorthy was the oldest, then me, Rae was three 
years younger and Tommy was the youngest. 

In November of 1943, my mom and dad bought a 
ranch on the Big Flat and that's where they raised 
their family. Dorthy was a Junior in High School, I 
was in the seventh grade, Delia Rae was a fifth 
grader and Tommy was one year old. I attended 
school at Big Flat for two years. The next four years, 
I went to school in Salmon where I participated in 
sports — football, basketball, and track. I graduated 
in 1949. I really enjoyed my years in school. 

The next fall, I joined the Army. After completing 
basic training, I was shipped to Guam. I was there 
until the Korean War started and was then shipped 
to Korea. After seventeen months, I was returned to 
Fort Lewis, Washington, where I spent the rest of my 

I worked odd jobs for about a year and in the fall 
of 1953, I decided to go to the University of Idaho 
and see if I could get smart. After just one year of 
college, Vern Bell, a barber in Salmon, told me how 
good the life of a barber was. He told me that he 

would be looking for a helper in the near future. 
Well, that fall, I packed up and went to barber 
college in Salt Lake City. I graduated in 1955. 

I met my wife, Lillie Bennett, in Salt Lake and was 
married May 9, 1955. I had a job in Idaho Falls, and 
we moved there, then moved back to Salmon July 
4th, and went to work for Vern Bell. We had four 
children born in Salmon: Lori, Janet, Jacklyn, and 
Jeffery — four wonderful children that are the pride 
of our lives. 

Before I go too far, I would like to mention my 
dad's outfitting business. He started it in 1947 and 
for twenty-five years he did what he liked to do bet. 
Every year that I was here, we would go hunting with 
dad, usually down the Salmon River to Horse Creek, 
or across the river to Butt's Point Lookout. My mom 
always did the cooking on these trips. She was one 
of the world's best cooks. When tommy got old 
enough he wrangled. Those were the good old days 
— elk hunting was excellent and steelhead fishing 
was out of this world. 

In 1962, I bought the barber shop from Vern, and 
in 1970, bought the City News Stand. We moved 
them both across the street into the old Gwartney 
building. I worked in the barber shop Lillie ran the 
News Stand. We sold the News Stand after about 
five years. I moved the barber shop across the 
street to 404 Main, where it is now. 

My children are all married. Lori has a son, Chris, 
eighteen; Janet has a son. Kirk, seven, and a new 
one in July; Jacklyn has two boys. Rusty, eleven; and 
Reyes, five. Jeff doesn't have any yet. 

In 1980, I was elected City Councilman, and was 
on the Council for six years. I was elected Mayor 
and held that office for four years and in 1990, I 
retired from politics. Now Lillie and I just work at 
home, play a little golf, and enjoy the good life. 

— Jack Nelson 



Ferg Nelson Pack String on the Horse Creek pack bridge 

Jeff Nelson on Old Copper and Jack Nelson, standing by. 


La Verne B. and Rose Mary Mescher 


Around the turn of the century, the Aladdin 
company of Bay City, Michigan, shipped a large two- 
story house to Salmon, Idaho. Purchaser was Mr. 
Boxwell, owner of a prosperous dry goods store in 
Salmon. He assembled his manse in North Salmon 
Village. The Idaho Recorder of June 21, 1906 called 
it one of the finest residence properties in Salmon. 
Families of all shapes and sizes owned and rented 
the residence until 1962 when La Verne B. and Rose 
Mary Nelson rented and later purchased it. 

La Verne Bennie Nelson was born in Whitehall, 
Wisconsin, on December 10, 1925. His parents were 
Bennie and Ida Nelson. His grandparents, paternal 
and maternal, came to this country from Norway. La 
Verne grew up in Whitehall and in 1944, was drafted 
into the Navy where he served as a medical 
corpsman. After his honorable discharge, he enrolled 
at Luther College in Decorah, Iowa. Shortly after 
this, he met and married Rose Mary Mescher. 

Rose Mary Mescher was born in Dyersville, Iowa, 
on May 11, 1926. Her parents were henry and 
Mathilda Mescher. She grew up in this small town 
and in 1944 chose a career in the Cadet Nurse 
Corps. Her diploma was attained at St. Francis 
School of Nursing in La Crosse, Wisconsin. The 
couple was married September 3, 1951. 

La Verne resumed his education at the University 
of Wisconsin. Two boys, Eric Bernard and Kurt 
Joseph, were born to the couple in Madison, 
Wisconsin. La Verne graduated with a major in 
geology in 1954. The family moved to Grand Forks, 
North Dakota, where he was employed by the 
University of North Dakota. Their third son, Kent 
Edward, was born in 1955. In January of 1956, the 
family came to Cobalt, Idaho, where La Verne was 
employed by the Calera Mining Company. On 
January 9, 1957, Dean Andrew was born. Two more 
children, Mark Allen and Margaret Rose, were born 
to the couple while they resided in Cobalt. During 
that time. Rose Mary worked as company nurse. The 
Nelsons moved to Salmon in October, 1961. La 
Verne taught school in Salmon's Junior High in 
1962-63 as a mathematics instructor. Rose Mary 
worked at Steele Memorial Hospital. Next, La Verne 
was employed by the U.S. Forest Service. In 1965, 
Todd Anthony joined the family. Mary Anne, their 
last child, was born in 1973. 

All the Nelson children received their education in 
the Salmon Schools. Eric was on the winning 1970 
basketball team and was chosen for the A-2 All 
Tournament Team. He now resides in Boise, has one 
daughter and two stepsons. Kurt, known for his 
musical abilities, represented the SHS music 
department at the All-State Music Clinic. He enrolled 
in the Air Force Academy and is currently stationed 

in Seoul, Korea. Major Kurt and his wife, Loretta, 
have three children; Peter, Rachel, and Benjamin. 
Kent, also musically gifted, sang with the Vandaleers 
at the University of Idaho where he attained a law 
degree. He and his wife, Wendy, live in Boise. Dean, 
having played on the 1975 winning basketball team 
from Salmon, graduated from the University of Idaho 
in 1980 and enlisted in the Air Force. Captain Dean 
is now stationed at Randolph Air Force Base in 
Texas. Mark Allen died from surgery complications in 
1961. Margaret Rose, elected President of the 
University of Idaho Student Body, graduated from 
that University with a major in communications. She 
now resides in Boise with her daughter, Marisa. 
Todd, as a Junior, won a Danforth Foundation 
scholarship to a leadership camp in Michigan. He is 
currently working in Spokane, Washington, as a 
electronic technician. Mary Anne plans to attend the 
College of Idaho in September, 1991. She was 
awarded a four-year, full ride scholarship. 

La Verne and Rose Mary still reside in the historic 
manse on Front Street. La Verne has remodeled the 
inside while retaining the charm of this turn-of-the- 
century house. 

— Rose Mary Nelson 

FRONT ROW: Rose Mary, Todd, Dean, La Verne, Margaret 
STANDING: Kurt, Kent, and Eric UPPER INSET: Mark LOWER 
INSET: Mary Anne 

G. A. R. 
McIMrKlt,S(>^< rOHT XO. S. 

Tlicrc will he rci:uUr mcclinrj of McPhcr- 
son Post No. 1, DrnartrucrU ol Idaho, G. A. 
K., at tlic G. A. K. ilall, on the firit and third 
Ihurtdxy cvcnini.'i in each month at 7 Vk 
o'clock until fuithcr notice. All coinradci in 
Coocl standing; arc rccjuestcd to be present. 
Z. B. VeaMa.n, Coiuantlcr. 
J. N. Elder, Adjutant. 


Nels E. and Bertha Smith Nelson 

Mrs. Bertha Nelson was fifteen years old when she 
first came to Salmon in the fall of 1909 with her 
parents, Robert and Almira Smith; sister, Marie; and 
brothers. Earl, Benjamin, Marion and Elmer. Another 
brother, William, was already in Salmon. Bertha 
Zuella Smith was born May 18, 1894, in Guthrie 
County, Iowa. In 1901, the family resettled in 
Benson County, North Dakota, where Betha started 
her education at rural schools. 

Their move to Lemhi County was influenced by 
Robert's sister and brother-in-law, Elmer and Mertia 
Frost, who had arrived in 1906 from Iowa by way of 
Colorado. The Frosts owned the Idaho Recorder, a 
predecessor of The Recorder-Herald, and continued 
to publish the paper until Elmer's death in 1913. 
Mertia Frost later sold the paper and married a 
rancher, James Melvyn. Mertia remained a resident 
of Lemhi County until her death in 1963. The Robert 
Smith family, including Bertha, left for North Dakota 
in 1912 to farm there for thirteen years. 

Bertha sometimes told about that 1909 trip. The 
family rode the Northern Pacific to Butte, changed 
trains to Red Rock, Montana, from where they went 
by stage in one of the last years of its operation. 
Bertha said that some passenger wanted to get out 
of the coach and walk over the steepest stretch of 
the summit. During those three years, she 
completed her education in the Salmon schools. 

On returning to North Dakota, Bertha worked as a 
dry goods clerk until her marriage to Nels Eric 
Edstrum Nelson December 5, 1915. They raised four 
sons and four daughters while farming until Nels' 
death on December 2, 1942. 

In June, 1943, Bertha and her daughters moved 
out to Salmon. The sons, then in the service or in 
college, came later. This trip was by railroad to 
Missoula and by car to Salmon. Bertha's parents had 
already returned to Salmon in 1926. Her mother 
died there December 7, 1930, and her father died 
March 19, 1940. Her sister, Mrs. Marie Waller, and 
her brothers, William, Benjamin, Marion, and Elmer, 
all had families in Lemhi County. 

Bertha purchased a home on the bar above 
Salmon at the corner of Bulwer and Neyman 
Streets. Her children are now living in Idaho or 
nearby states. Grant is in Idaho Falls, Nels is in 
Montana; Almira, Mrs. Martin Capps, is in Salmon; 
Robert is in Washington; William is in California; 
Mertia, Mrs. Fred Kohl, is in Moscow; Vendia is in 
Boise; and Mescal, Mrs. Ralph Kistler, is in Nampa. 
Nels E. and Bertha Nelson have had twenty-one 
grandchildren, of which nineteen are still living. 

Bertha was a member of the Salmon Presbyterian 
Church and active in its women's circles. She was 
fond of reading and could recite poetry from her 
school days. She enjoyed gardening with both 
vegetables and flowers. She could recount stories 
passed down from the family about pioneer and Civil 
War days. An experienced seamstress, she continued 
sewing In later years, and in helping family, 
neighbors and friends in many ways. 

Bertha passed away in Salmon December 15, 
1955. She was laid to rest beside her husband at St. 
Petri Lutheran Church, near Baker, North Dakota. 

-Nels M. Nelson 

Paul and Sueli Nelson 

Bertha Smith Nelson and Nels Eric Edstrum Nelson 

Paul and Sueli Nelson met in 1969 while Paul was 
on a mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-Day Saints in Sao Paulo, Brazil. 

Paul was born August 25, 1944, in Murray, Utah, 
to Frank and Louise Nelson. 

Sueli was born February 4, 1949, in Sao Caetano 
do Sul, S.P. brazil, the first child to Antonio Silva 
Melo and Vitoria (Dorinha) Carnecine and fifth 
grandchild to Augusto Carnecine and Maria Brigolin. 
Her sister, Marii, was born April 6, 1951. The two 
girls grew up to be very close and good friends. 

In 1956, the family moved to the big metropolis of 
Sao Paulo, and went to live with Dorinha's sister 
Adelaide and her husband Agnelo Thomaz. 

At fourteen, Sueli started her first full time job and 
night time high school. Four years later, she came in 
contact with missionaries from the LDS Church and 
on September 3, 1966, Dorinha, Adelaide, MarIi, and 
Sueli joined the Mormon Church. Adelaide's husband 
joined the Church in July 1972. In May 1973, he 
suffered a fatal heart attack. He was a sweet person 
and left fond memories. 


Paul finished his Mission in January 1970. Two 
years later, he returned to Brazil for a visit. He 
started dating Sueli. Returning a year later during 
school's summer break, they became engaged. Paul 
returned home as August, 1973, ended. Paul met 
Sueli on April 1, 1974, in Salt Lake City. They were 
married in the Idaho Falls Temple on April 4, 1974. 

Continuing with college, they lived in Pocatello. 
Their first child, Willard, was born June 1, 1975, in 
Salmon, Idaho. A beautiful boy with red hair, Sueli's 
dream come true. Later it changed to blonde, but 
she really didn't care. 

Paul, finishing school in 1975, moved them to 
Albuquerque, new Mexico, that fall. They enjoyed 
that beautiful city almost two years. In May, 1977 
Sueli, pregnant with their second child, flew with 
Willard to Idaho Falls, where Paul's sister Afton, and 
Dick Malin picked them up and drove to the ranch 
on 4th of July Creek. On June 20, 1977. another 
beautiful boy was born to them in Salmon. Robert 
had dark hair. As he grew, people noticed his very 
expressive brown eyes. They didn't return to 
Albuquerque. Paul's contract with EG&G was over. 
As he drove to Salmon, he found a job in Soda 
Springs, Idaho. 

After Robert's birth, Paul went back to New 
Mexico, asked the Relief Society's President for help 
in packing up the household and returned in two 
days with a loaded trailer to Idaho. They lived eight 
miles south of Soda Springs at the Walker Ranch. 
Their only neighbor, Lola Walker, became a 
grandmother to the boys and wonderful friend to 
Sueli, teaching her gardening and the love of growing 

During the summer of 1979, Sueli acquired her 
American Citizenship. That fall, they moved to North 
Ogden, Utah. Sueli and the boys left Paul working 
and enjoyed four months visiting family in Brazil. 
Speaking Portuguese, the boys made a sensation 
with their gringo accent. 

FRONT ROW: Jennifer and Robert BACK ROW: Sueli, Willard and 

On the precise due date of March 24, 1982, a 
precious and much longed for girl was born to Paul 
and Sueli in Ogden's St. Benedict Hospital. The 
doctor was late and Paul delivered Jennifer Lyn. As 
dad put her on mommy's tummy, she smiled, 
looking him right in the eye, as if saying: Thanks 
dad, it was crowded in there. Early Summer, 1984, 
they moved to Evanston, Wyoming. They enjoyed 
the mid-sized community until school was out in 
June, 1989 At that time, Paul was able to fulfill his 
life-long dream of returning to live on the ranch in 
Idaho with his family and his parents on their cattle 

— Paul Nelson 
Rafeal Thomas and Reva Nelson 

In the falls of 1944, Rafeal Thomas Nelson and his 
wife, Reva, son Clyde, and daughter, Kay, moved to 
Salmon, Idaho. They left farms in Aberdeen and 
Grandview, Idaho, where they had raised row crops 
of potatoes and sugar beets. Rate and hunted elk in 
the Salmon River Country for years and had always 
dreamed of moving to the area. The purchase of the 
Old Brown Place on Kirtley Creek from Arthur and 
Audrey Hodges made this dream a reality. 

Rate wanted to retire from the hard work of row 
crops. He planned to start a cattle ranch, but the 
rich bench soil was just too great a temptation for 
and old spud farmer. It wasn't long until Rate was 
plowing up hayfields and pastures all over the valley 
at Baker, Big Flat, and Williams Lake to grow the 
famous Idaho russets. The potato crops flourished. 
The problem was storage and shipping! 

Rate started The Salmon Bonded Sales company 
with a large warehouse by the Salmon River just 
north of town to store and package his potatoes. It 
was one of the first in Idaho to package ten pound 
bags of washed potatoes. The warehouse furnished 
jobs for many people in the Salmon River area. 
Some of his favorite workers were Indians. These 
loyal men included Leo, Bill, and Coburn Arriwite. 

Rate had his own diesel trucks to haul the 
potatoes to many different states. Sometimes, they 
were loaded on the train in Mackay, Idaho, to be 
delivered all over the United States. 

The next project for this hardworking couple was 
the purchase of a large ranch in Goldberg, Idaho. 
Rate raised hay there and pastured some of their 
cattle. During the summer, they lived in Goldberg 
and ran the ranch. 

Rate was a kind, loving person who was very 
generous and charitable to others. He had a great 
sense of humor and loved his wife, children, and 
grandchildren very much. Reva always raised 
beautiful gardens and flowers. She loved to sew, 
quilt, and crochet. Each of her children, 


grandchildren, and great-grandchildren have been 
given gifts of her lovely quilts. 

Rate died May 5, 1971. Reva has continued to live 
on the ranch in the dream home they built there. 

— Nelson Family 

Harold F. and Ruth Corbett Neyman 

I, Harold F. Neyman, was born September 28, 
1916, at Roberts, Jefferson County, Idaho, the third 
of four children born to Glenn H. and Lillie E. 
Neyman. I graduated from Roberts High School and 
entered college at the University of Idaho, Southern 
Branch, at Pocatello for one year. My father was 
superintendent of the highway district in Roberts for 
over thirty years. My mother was active in 
community affairs, was president of the Relief 
Society and clerk of the draft board, among other 
things. She was always helping someone. 

The family moved to Salmon in December, 1941. 
We were at Leadore with a load of furniture when we 
heard the bombing of Pearl Harbor on the car radio. 
In April, 1941, the harry Kelly Real Estate Agency 
reported the sale of the old McCabe ranch to Mr. 
and Mrs. Glenn H. Neyman of Roberts, Idaho. The 
ranch is composed of one-hundred-fifty acres, and is 
located about twelve miles south of Salmon. It was 
purchased from Clarence Rahn and Clyde Edwards. 
The sale included the ranch, equipment, and 

I went into the Army in June 1942, and was 
discharged as a sergeant in November 1945. I was 
appointed City Clerk and ex-officio Police Judge on 
December 3, 1945, by Mayor Fred L. Viel. I was 
elected each two years thereafter until 1953 when 
the State changed the position from elective to 

appointive. I was then appointed after each election 
until December 31, 1981, when I retired. 

I married Ruth Corbett January 17, 1942. We have 
three children, two boys and a girl. Frederick H. 
Neyman (Rick) is the oldest. He was born in 1946. 
He graduated from high school in Salmon and 
attended college at Idaho State University in 
Pocatello. He served in the Viet Nam War in heavy 
artillery, a crushing experience he has not fully 
recovered from as yet. He has two sons and a 
daughter. Harold G. Neyman (Harry) is the next son. 
He graduated from high school at Salmon and went 
to the university of Idaho at Moscow, he took 
engineering and before graduating went to work for 
Flour Engineering in Los Angeles. He was a computer 
expert and Exxon Corporation borrowed him from 
Flour Engineering to go back to New Jersey to work 
on some problems they were having, he has one 
son. Susan Cee Neyman (Seybold), our youngest, 
has three boys. She graduated from high school in 
Salmon and is manager of a motel in Salmon. Susan 
is a hard-working person and is very dedicated to 
her family. If she has a problem with wiring, 
plumbing, or anything at the motel, she can fix it 

A few years after I was appointed city clerk I 
became interested in trying to get television to my 
home. I bought a new console TV and a rotary 
antenna, field strength meters, etc., and tried to 
reflect a signal to my home with parabolic reflectors 
without much success. I had the first operating 
television in Salmon. Then, with the help of others, 
we got translators working and TV has improved 
very much up to now. 

My wife, Ruth, and I enjoy rock hunting as a 
hobby. We have hunted rocks for about forty years. 
We have quite a collection, and we enjoy cutting 
them and making jewelry. 

Frederick H. Neyman, Ruth Neyman, Susan Cee Neyman 
Seybold, Harold F. Neyman and Harold Glen Neyman 

— Harold F. Neyman 
Dot and Edwina Yearian Nichols 

Dot, DeWitt L., Nichols, educated at Cornell 
University in New York state and the University of 
Illinois, traveled the world over with his father, an 
eminent mining engineer, before settling in Gilmore 
in 1908. He married Edwina Yearian, a graduate of 
the University of Idaho and an accomplished 
violinist, in 1915 at the Yearian Ranch at Lemhi. 
Their two children, Ralph, born in 1920, and Janet, 
born in 1923, grew up in Salmon. Dot served a term 
in the legislature. After moving from the mine at 
Gilmore to Salmon, Dot entered into a partnership 
with Frank Bellamy and Dan O'Connell to establish 
the Pioneer garage. This business was primarily to 
sell Ford Cars, but expanded to include the Conoco 
bulk oil and gasoline franchise, a mail and freight 


truck line, coal, heavy machinery repair, and Ford 
tractors and implements. It was one of the most 
successful businesses in Salmon and the phone 
number was Number One. Dot bought out his 
partners and was sole owner at the time of his death 
in 1940. 

Edwina went back to school at the University of 
Montana at the same time both her children were 
students there, studied business and bookkeeping 
and took over the management of the garage. She 
became the only woman at that time to hold a Ford 
franchise in the United States and was a member of 
the Rotary Club. Edwina lived in a house above the 
Brooklyn School and died in 1972. 

Janet has two sons. Jack and Jim, earned a 
Master's Degree and retired from teaching in Arizona 
with her husband, Dan Moore. Ralph has three 
daughters. May Edwina, Rachel and Sara, has a 
Master's Degree in paleontology and with his wife, 
Gayle, owns and operates a ranch in the Big Hole 
Valley of Montana. 

— Ralph Nichols 

Ralph, Edwina and Dot Nichols, about 1938 

Earl Nichols 

Earl Nichols was a man in touch with nature 
through his heart. I watched him as I grew up, 
become less the stern father figure and more the 
man that youth dreams to be. 

I recall sitting together one chilly October morning 
at daybreak. As a twelve-year old, on his first 
hunting trip, I was anxious to fill my tag as quickly as 
possible. It was so still you could almost hear the 
rays of the rising sun sizzle the overnight dew from 
the cool earth. I remember turning my head and 
looking up the open ridge where we sat. The hillside 
seemed alive with deer I quieted my pounding heart 
the bet I could, and tugged gently on my father's 
shirt sleeve, pointing with a very shaky finger. He 

Earl Nichols 

turned his head and smiled. We sat there, watching 
those deer graze until they had all vanished into the 
trees. I shot a four point buck later that same day, 
but what I will always remember most was the 
moment of silent sharing I had with my father. 

Earl was a quiet man. We used to go down by the 
river, where we would prop ourselves against a rock, 
toss in a line, and wait for the fish to bite. It was 
there I learned how much he loved things like 
gardening, trapping, fishing, and hunting. 

He was born, at home, in Junction, (now Leadore) 
on October 25, 1908 His early years were spent 
helping his father, George, who was a predator 
trapper for the U.S. Government. He worked at a 
wide variety of jobs, mostly associated with wildlife 
or forestry management. On job, in particular, was a 
runner for the Forest Service. Before radios, 
messages from base camps to fire lines ere 
delivered on foot. These runners often would travel 
several miles over rough terrain to deliver these 
messages. Once, he told me, he spent over two 
months as a runner on a fire netting a paycheck of 
less than seventy dollars. 

After jobs with the Fish and Game, and a failed 
venture into raising trout commercially, he settled 
on a career with the Forest Service. He served as 
the Fire Control Officer at the Hughes Creek Ranger 
Station for eighteen years. Poor health forced him 
into early retirement in 1969. Those later years were 
spent doing what he loved best; being a gardener, a 
trapper, and a family man. 

Earl passed away on February 24, 1985. He was a 
good man, a simple man whose passions were his 
life. He believed that whenever he walked through a 
forest, or next to a river, he was very near God. His 
legacy to the generations to follow, is his love of 
God, of nature, and his life here in Salmon. 

He raised two sons. Donald lives in Greenville, 
California, and has five children, all of whom live 
there. I (Glen) chose to stay in the Salmon River 


Valley and raise my three children. As my children 
grow up, I will take them down to the river, toss in a 
line, and tell them stories that my father told me. 
That is what he would have wanted me to do. 

— Glen Nichols 
George B. and Bonavere Tracy Nichols 

I was born October 9, 1939, in the home of 
grandparents, Ben K. and Fannie Dillon, on River 
Street. My parents, Lester and Mary Dillon Nichols, 
lived on Hope avenue, and my father's parents, 
George C. and Monta Nichols, lived on Water Street. 

I grew up in Salmon and went to grades one 
through four in the old high school, which my father 
helped build. Grades five and six were in the 
Brooklyn School and seven through twelve back in 
the old high school. I could not go out for sports in 
my freshman and sophomore years, but I did make 
my varsity letters in football and track during my 
junior and senior years and graduated in 1958. 

While in school, I worked at the following jobs 
during the summers: as a box boy for Walt Harris in 
the old store before he built the IGA; for Harvey and 
Chuck Lipe as helper in refrigeration, furnace and 
farm equipment; for guides Don L. Smith and Ralph 
Smothers, on the main Salmon River, maintaining 
hunting and fishing camps; and on ranches, irrigating 
and haying. In the winter months, I would trap rats 
and mink. 

In 1956, I joined the Idaho National Guard. I went 
to work in 1958 for Lester Gutzman at the Copper 
Creek Ranger Station. I began fighting forest fires in 
1959, at age seventeen, and worked at most all the 
projects on the forest, but fire fighting was number 
one; also building and maintaining trails from 
Panther Creek to Rattlesnake Creek on the Middle 
Fork. As a licensed powder man, I worked with 
explosives. I worked on timber projects, range 
projects and even maintained the old ground return 
telephone system when radios were becoming the 
main means of communication. 

On January 10, 1959, I married Bonavere Tracy, 
daughter of Elwood and Dora Tracy. We spent our 
first summer together on Jureano Lookout. Our first 
daughter, Debora Kay, was born on October 20, 
1959. Dora Kathleen was born December 17, 1960, 
and Karl Brian was born April 14, 1964. 

In July of 1965, I became a deputy sheriff for Bert 
Mecham in Custer County and was appointed Deputy 
State Brand Inspector. The summer of 1967, I 
worked on the Hughes Creek Ranger District for Ron 
Averill, measuring all trails on the district pertaining 
to the proposed Continental Divide Trail. In the fall 
of 1967, I went to work as Deputy Sheriff of Lemhi 
County under Bill Baker. In March of 1970, I began 
working for Lemhi Telephone Company. I joined the 

Elks and the Eagles. For about sixteen years, I was a 
member of the Salmon Volunteer Fire Department. I 
helped charter the Salmon Radio Control Fliers 
Model Airplane Club, and worked with the County nd 
Bureau of Land Management to build the model 
airport on Dump Hill. 

Bonavere and I have seven grandchildren. Debora 
and her husband, Terrel Gardner, live in American 
Falls, and have twin boys, Zak and Jeremy, and a 
daughter, Anneke. Kathy and her husband, Rulon 
Young, Jr., of Mountain Homme, have two 
daughters, Kristina and Paula. Our son, Karl, and his 
wife, Tina, have Amanda and Kelsey and one on the 

— George B. Nichols 

George B. Nichols 



m FREE. 


® LambcrsoiT 



Jotham and Annie Nichols 

Jotham Nichols was born at North River, 
Colechester County, Nova Scotia, in 1844. He and 
his family, wife Annie and two sons, George and Dan, 
lived in Nova Scotia until 1881. At this time, Jotham, 
of Scotch descent and a man of Christian character, 
came to Salmon, Idaho, leaving his family in Nova 
Scotia. In 1884, Annie and sons joined Jotham in 
Salmon. Here their family increased by adopting a 
daughter. Rose was adopted as an infant and raised 
as their own. 

They homesteaded one-hundred-sixty acres three 
miles out of town on the western side of the current 
Hammondville Subdivision, where they farmed until 

Jotham and Annie were members of the First 
Presbyterian Church in Nova Scotia. In Salmon, they 
became members of the Methodist Church as there 
was no Presbyterian Church at that time. In 1901, a 
group of people began to take a view on organizing a 
Presbyterian Church. In 1903-04, Jotham helped 
build the first Presbyterian Church. Jotham and 
Annie changed their membership to the church of 
their choice. It was largely through the influence of 
them that the Presbyterian Society was established. 
Annie was treasurer of the Ladies Auxiliary for a 
number of years. 

In 1904, Jotham sold their farm and bought two 
lots in Young's Subdivision on Water Street. Here 
they built their home and planned their retirement 
days. Twice during Jotham's life in Salmon, he made 
trips back to Nova Scotia to visit his ageing father 
and friends. 

Jotham, at the time of his death in 1909, was 
serving as an elder in the church. Annie passed away 
in 1911. At the time of Jotham's and Annie's death, 
their son, Dan was living in California, and daughter. 
Rose, was married and living in Leesburg, Idaho. 
Their other son, George, and family were living in 
Junction (Leadore), Idaho. 

George was six years old when he moved from 
Nova Scotia with his folks to Salmon. He spent the 
rest of his life in Lemhi County. George married 
Monta Thompson from Dillon, Montana, in 1903. To 
this union eight children were born. Children's 
names, oldest to youngest, were Eunice, twins Leslie 
and Ruth, Earl, Fern, Carl, Dorothy, and Ralph. 

George was a good natured, hard-working man, 
who worked at many different jobs in the area. 
Monta was a caring, reserved lady who was kept 
busy raising her family. 

George worked for the Forest Service at Agency 
for a couple of years, then moved his family to 
Leadore, where he ran a bowling alley and saloon. In 
1907, he became a government trapper. Predators 
at this time were destroying the ranchers' livestock. 
George kept a daily diary of his work, showing how 

many coyotes, wolves, and other predators he had 
gotten that day, and how many miles he traveled. 
He would travel horseback about four-hundred-fifty 
miles a month checking traps. His trapping area 
included Timber Creek, Hayden Basin, Swan Basin, 
Mud Flat, Dry Canyon, Kenny Creek and the 
ranchers' property. In his diary, he told of have the 
grip, or flu, on Sundays. This day he spent with his 
family in Junction. 

In 1922, George moved his family back to Salmon 
to the Nichols home on Water Street. He then went 
to Lemhi to be in charge of the local fish hatchery. 
The family later moved to the fish hatchery in 
Salmon, located where the Bureau of Land 
Management office is today. 

— Audrey Nichols 

Monta Thompson Nichols and George Nichols, 1903 

Leslie G. Nichols 

I came to Salmon March 26, 1906, when I was 
born on River Street. We lived there about three 
years before moving to Lemhi Agency. My father 
worked for the Forest Service for two years. Then 
we moved to Leadore. My dad ran a bowling alley 
and saloon for several years. I started school at five 


years of age so there would be enough kids to have 
a school. We never went to school for two years in 
the same building. 

My dad built a house near Timber Creek. We never 
had a well. We carried all our water about a quarter 
mile. That was our biggest chore. 

We lived off the country. There were fish and 
game everywhere we went. We took up a patch of 
ground several miles west of Leadore, raised a 
garden, and kept a cow and a team of horses for 
riding and working. That was our only transportation. 
Our lights were candles, oil lamps, and later, a gas 
lantern. In the summer, we tended the garden and 
got our wood for the winter. In the winters, we 
moved to town to go to school. 

Winters were cold then. Sometimes it was fifty or 
sixty degrees below zero. I've seen cows standing up 
which had frozen to death. 

My dad began trapping coyotes and wolves for the 
government. When I was ten, I began trapping 
muskrats. I helped dad hunting the dens and 
became a good shot with a rifle. Once I caught 
seven pups in traps and saved five of them alive. 
They were taken to the park. 

An old storekeeper in Junction was making a 
remedy for colds and the flu. I carried twenty-five or 
fifty-pound sacks of sugar behind my saddle for him 
from the railroad tunnel in Montana to Leadore. For 

Leslie G. Nichols 

a month or so, I carried six cases of flu remedy with 
two pack horses. You did anything you could to 
make a dollar. 

I worked about two months in the P.I. Mine in 
Gilmore, but I was too young to work underground. 

Leadore was a great place. Everyone was one big 
family. If anyone got sick or hurt, others would see 
that everything was taken care of until you got well. 

I was fifteen when I came back to Salmon. My dad 
moved so he could trap the lower country. There 
were fifteen or twenty sheep ranches and los of 
coyotes and bears that were real sheep killers. 

I worked on the WPA awhile and helped to build 
the rock wall at the Viel residence across from the 
IGA. I worked on the high school and the Williams 
Creek Road when everything was done with mules 
and teams. Williams Creek road used to be a pack 

I never had time for parties or to learn to dance. I 
married Mary Dillon when I was twenty-four. We had 
two boys, George and Richard, and one girl, Betty. 
Betty lives in Blackfoot, George works for the 
telephone company in Salmon, and Richard works in 
the fire department in Boise. 

I worked at the Tormey Mine, the Ima Mine, and 
the placer mine up at Leesburg. In Leesburg, I 
worked on a machine that cut the banks and washed 
the gravel through the sluice boxes. 

In 1945, I came back to Salmon to work for the 
city at the Salmon City Cemetery. I dug out the 
graves by hand with a pick, a shovel, and a 
wheelbarrow for twenty-eight years. I got old fast 
and retired in 1973. 

Postscript: Leslie G. Nichols died January 9, 1985, 
at the age of seventy-eight. 

— Leslie G. Nichols 
Ralph and Audrey Warren Nichols 

Ralph Nichols, son of George and Monta Nichols, 
was born September 12, 1923, in the Nichols home 
on Water Street in Salmon, Idaho. He attended 
school in Salmon and played center on the 
basketball team. After graduating he served in World 
War II. He married Audrey Warren in Hamilton, 
Montana, June 3, 1950. Ironically, Audrey was born 
right cross Kids' Creek from Ralph in the Marron 
Maternity Home. 

Ralph was an ambitious, well-rounded person. He 
loved his sports, fishing, hunting, and drawing 
seemed to come as naturally to him as the others. 
The whole family observed many a Betty Boop and 
Mickey Mouse, while tunes such as The Three Little 
Fishes, and You Could be Swinging on a Star rolled 
out of his lips as if a record had just been put on the 
player. Many a bowling trophy he won and very 
rarely was trophy hunting taken seriously 


Ralph Nichols 

because the taste and necessity for wild game was 
always kept in mind. Fishing, of course, was one of 
his favorites. A hard days work seemed to be a good 
reason to take a pole and tackle box in hand and 
head for his special fishing hole. Discipline and 
temper could arise at the proper moments, and 
neatness was definitely in his character. 

The family was never lacking a stray dog or cat 
because it didn't take much for his kind heart to give 
in and let it become another permanent member of 
the family. 

After Ralph's return from the service, he went to 
work at Cobalt, Idaho, as a diamond driller and later 
as timbershed foreman. Audrey joined him in 1950. 
During these years in Cobalt, their children Monna, 
Gary, Brenda, and Rhonda were born. Ralph's love 
for basketball never ceased and he again played ball 
with the Cobalt town team. In the summer, almost 
every weekend was spent camping and fishing. The 
years in Cobalt were never boring. It was very 
ordinary to wake up and notice a deer nearby and a 
cactus patch along side the step was a memory in 

The family moved to Salmon in 1959 where Ralph 
worked with a line crew for Idaho Power Company. 
In 1961, the family again made a move to Blackfoot, 
Idaho, where he still worked for Idaho Power 

The routine of camping and fishing never changed 
and the experience at the Big Lost River in Arco, 
Idaho, still is dear. On this trip, Ralph spent his time 
picking up fishing poles that were left behind, 
because Audrey was trying to gather up scared kids. 
The Hereford bull figured the fishing hole belonged 
to him, only. The times spent in Yellowstone and 
Glacier National Parks were unique and memories in 

The family's last move was made to Salmon in 
1963. Ralph was transferred back with Idaho Power 
Company, a move he had waited and longed for. He 
still had extra time for the family. He witnessed and 
assisted all four of the kids catching their first 
steelhead or salmon and was always eager for 
opening day of hunting season with his son. The best 
part of Ralph and Gary's hunting adventure was to 
return to home with their prize, the family waiting 
for their pancake and loin breakfast. 

Ralph planned to retire from Idaho Power 
Company at age sixty-two, but an illness prevented 
this. He was fifty-nine when he passed away at his 
home on Terrace Street June 17, 1983. Nothing can 
replace the memories such as these and they 
definitely will make a warm and loving influence on 
generations to come. 

— Nichols Family 

I — I 

)— I . •, . 

tzj Grand" "^ 


tJALjLj • • • • 



GlYca By- 

^ McPlierson Post No. 3, 

C3r. J^n S=t-, 

Anderson's Hall, 

Salmon Giiy, Idaho, 

Monday Eve., Dec. 25tii. 

Reception Commltteoi * 

Tboa. n. Ball, tV. S. Andrews. R. G. Reea. I. B. Gilea, 

S. G. Maufull, JftS. Liglii, John RicliardsoQ, 

Joseph Hull. 

C. H. MARTIN, Floor Manager. 


^ TICKETS,, Without Slipper. $1.50. g. 


Ralph and Florence Nichols 

Ralph Nichols, a graduate mining engineer with a 
degree from Columbia University, came west with 
his bride in 1879 to Leadville, Colorado. In 1882, he 
moved to Lemhi County as manager and part owner 
of the Viola mine and smelter at Nicholia, the town 
being named after him. About this time, he 
purchased the Latest Out claims in Gilmore, it is 
said, for $100.00 and a barrel of whiskey. 

When the ore at Nicholia was depleted, Ralph went 
on to manage properties in Australia, Mexico, 
Nevada, and Idaho, to return to Gilmore in 1908 to 
develope the Latest Out mine. This claim he 
considered his grub stake and it produced many 
tons of rich lead and silver ore up to the time of his 
death in 1927. 

Florence died in 1925 at Gilmore. Three children 
were born to them: Mary, who spent most of her life 
in the East; Florence, who died in the flu epidemic of 
1918, and Dewitt L.(Dot) Nichols, who lived in 
Salmon after leaving Gilmore. 

— Ralph Nichols 

Florence, Ralph and daughter, Florence, in Kalgoorlie, Australia, 
about 1900 

Robert Isaac and Patricia Kelleher 

Robert Isaac Nielsen was born November 1, 1946 
in Arco, Idaho, to Reed M. Nielsen and Elma Beth 
Fowler Nielsen. There were eight brothers and four 
sisters in the family with Bob being the third in line, 
making the total of thirteen children. 

Bob was raised in Mackay, Idaho, attending 
Mackay schools and graduating from high school in 
1965. He attended Utah State University and the 
College of Southern Idaho, attaining an AAS degree 
in law enforcement in 1968. it was in Twin Falls, 
Idaho, that he met and married Patricia Ann 
Kelleher in 1967. 

Patricia Ann Kelleher was born in Twin Falls, Idaho, 
September 23, 1950, growing up in Twin Falls, 
Idaho, and attending Twin Falls schools, graduating 
in 1968. Her parents are Joseph and Helen Tibbs 

Bob worked for Twin Falls Police Department for 
that summer as a patrolman and in the fall of 1968 
they moved to Salmon with son Robert, known as 
Eric. Bob went to work for the Salmon Police 
Department as a patrolman under Chief Walt Miller. 

The family moved to Pocatello in February of 1970 
where Bob attended Idaho State University and Pat 


worked for Newberry's Department Store. Bob 
worked for the Bannock County Sheriff's Office 
during this time. The family again moved in 1971 to 
American Fails, Idaho. In American Falls, Bob worked 
for the Amercian Falls Police Department, first as a 
patrolman and then as a patrol sergeant. Pat worked 
for various potato processing companies in the area. 
Joseph Reed was born into the family while in 
American Falls. 

During August of 1974, the family moved back to 
Salmon and have resided in the Salmon area since. 
Bob took the job as the police sergeant under then 
Chief Jed Wilson. In December of 1975, Bob was 
appointed acting Chief of Police and in January of 
1976, he was appointed Chief of Police, a position 
he still holds as of this writing. In the fall of 1987, 
Bob attended the FBI Academy in Quantico, Virginia, 
for three months. The academy is accredited 
through the University of Virginia. 

Pat worked for a while for the King B Jerky 
Company and then was hired by the post office in 
Salmon as a clerk in 1979. She was involved in the 
initiation of city mail delivery and worked as both 
mail carrier and clerk until July of 1979 when she 
accepted the position of Post Master in North Fork, 

The two sons born to Bob and Pat attended and 
graduated from Salmon schools. Eric was active in 
sports and drama and graduated in 1986 as the 
male student of the year. He attained honors in 
football and was the Idaho State High School Discus 
Champion his senior year. Joe was also active in 
high school sports receiving many honors in football. 
He was the district discus champion and was the 
Idaho State High School Power Lifting Champion in 
the one hundred eight-seven pound class in 1988. 

Both boys went on to attend higher education. 
Eric accepted track and football scholarships at 
Whitworth College in Spokane, Washington. Joe 
received offers of sports scholarships but chose to 
attend the University of Idaho at Moscow. 

— Pat Nielsen 

Chris and Daisy Nielson 

Chris Nielson was born in Manti, Utah, October 23, 
1876, and came to Idaho when he was twenty-two 
years old in 1898. This was two years before Idaho 
became a state. It was still a territory then. 

Chris settled on the Big Lost River in Custer 
County between Chilly and Mackay. He 
homesteaded on the Barton Flat and in time 
acquired three ranches. 

Daisy was born in Scipio, Utah, January 30, 1894, 
and came to the Lost River area where she worked 
for various ranchers. Chris and Daisy were married 
August 1, 1917, and while they lived in the Chilly 

area, four children were born: lona, Mary, and two 
sons who died in infancy. 

They came to Lemhi County in the spring of 1927, 
living first on the Harry Kelly ranch where the 
present Animal Shelter and VFW buildings stand, 
moving from there to the Charles Norton ranch 
where the youngest daughter was born. 

In April, 1928, the family moved to the Buckhorn 
Ranch on the North Fork, which is now known as 
the Lewis and Clark Cafe. Part of the old house still 

The family moved to the Anna E. Wright ranch on 
Sandy Creek in May, 1933. They moved off that fall 
and wintered on the Layman place and in the spring 
of 1934 they moved to the Stevens place, all on 
Sandy Creek, and lived there for five years. While 
they were on the Stevens place, lona and Mary 
attended high school at Leadore and they became 
known world wide for traveling so far to school. They 
were pictured and had an article written up in 
Ripley's Believe It or Not. It was quoted: the girls 
had traveled the distance of five times around the 
world. They had pen pals from as far away as New 
Zealand who found out about the girls through 
Ripley's Believe It or Not. 

In 1939, the family moved back to the Anna E. 
Wright ranch which they purchased in 1942. 

lona and Mary graduated from Leadore High 
School in 1939 where Mary was salutatorian of her 

Mary was married May 6, 1940, to Adrian Conklin 
and they had four children, three sons, and a 
daughter who lived three days. Adrian passed away 
October, 1987, and Mary and the three sons live in 
Spokane, Washington. 

lona married John McConnaghy June 4, 1941, and 
they are the parents of six children, all still living, 
lona passed away May, 1987. 

Joe, the youngest of the Nielson family has lived 
her entire life in Lemhi County. Her husband, Fred 
Malcolm, passed away January, 1987. Looking back, 
1987 was not a good year for this family. 

— Joe Malcolm 
Christian and Ina Kirk Nielson 

Chris Nielson was born in Odense, on the Island of 
Fyn, Denmark. He was the son of Hans and Marion 
Nielson. Hans Christian Anderson was a classmate. 
At nineteen years of age, he arrived at Mercer 
Island, New York, with $18.00 in his pocket. At the 
time he felt he was a rich man. 

Chris spent two years in Nebraska on a farm, went 
to the lumber mills in Oregon for a year, and was 
working on the Sunbeam Dam when Pete McKinney 
hired him as a manager of his ranches. He worked 
for Pete for seven years and then transferred to 


I I 4t 

Chris and Ina Nielson 

Salmon as the Foreman of the Shenon Land 

During the next ten years, Chris and John 
McKinney leased, and later purchased, the Shenon 
and the Barret ranches. He raised row crops on the 
Barracks Lane Ranch. One year, 1927, Chris did well 
on his potatos and the next lost a lot of money. 

When Chris bought the Shenon ranch, it was 
swampy, covered with thick brush, and not very 
productive. It took him twenty-five years to clear the 
brush and drain the fields so that they could be 
used. The channel of the Lemhi River was changed 
and then two or three years later, it would break 
through and follow the original channel. The Dahle 
brothers, Charles and Norman, were instrumental in 
helping to clear and drain the farm land. There were 
three big drain ditches dug to drain the swampy 
land. The last drain ditch was dug in 1948, right 
after World War II. This was on the south side of the 

Besides the cattle that the ranch supported, there 
was hay and grain raised on the ranch. Chris hired 
men to work on the ranch. There were always ten or 
more hired men to feed at the dinner table, of 
course during part of the year, there were more 
than that. Many of the local neighbors were hired to 
help with the crops and cattle. Neighbors speak with 
fondness and respect of Christian Nielson. He never 
embarrassed nor put down his workers. He was a 
wonderful farmer and good manager, brilliant in his 
business sense. He undertook a great farming 
project and made it profitable by hard work, good 
business sense, and honesty. 

Chris came to the U.S. by himself but later 
sponsored two of his brothers. John settled in 
Chicago and Kai came to San Francisco. One 
brother stayed in Denmark, also his sister Johnes. In 
1925, he married Ina Mae Kirk. She was working as 
a cook on the ranch. Ina had two daughters, Harriet 

Evelyn and Jeanne Elizabeth. Chris and Ina had a 
son. Christian Evald Nielson, Jr. Chris was a charter 
member of the Rotary here in Salmon, along with 
being active in the cattlemen's organization. In 1956, 
he sold the ranch to Mr. and Mrs. Emmett Reese 
and moved from the ranch to town. He passed away 
suddenly at his home July 9, 1963. 

— Evelyn Wester gar d 
— History Committee, Martha Nyborg 

Frederick and Ella Frary Niemann 

Frederick W. Niemann, my grandfather, was born 
in Hanover, Germany on April 14, 1854. For reasons 
unknown, he was raised in a military school. At age 
twenty-one, he emigrated to the United States and 
settled in St. Louis, Missouri, for five years. He 
learned English, speaking fluently, without an accent. 
He would not teach his children German as he said 
he was now an American. 

As mining was flourishing in the west, he decided 
to try his hand at that, and moved to Nicholia, 
Idaho. There he met, and on February 6, 1886, 
married Ella C. Frary, who was born January 23, 
1868, at Omaha, Nebraska. Ella had come west at 
age nine with her parents, Charles and Harriet Frary. 
The family settled in Eagle Rock, now Idaho Falls, 
Idaho. Times were hard so at fourteen, she went to 
work at Nicholia, Idaho. 

After their marriage, Fred and Ella moved to the 
Shoup Mining Camp. Five children were born to 
them: Minnie E., Frederick, Dewey, Effie M., and 
Frank, who died at age four. The miners had him in 
a wheelbarrow when it upset, throwing him out and 
broke his neck. 

In the late 1800's, they purchased a ranch on 
Boyle Creek from Tommy Boyle, who was married to 
Grandmother's sister, Arvilla Frary. They prospered 
there, with a large apple orchard, the seeds coming 
from Germany and the apples were shipped to St. 
Louis. They also raised registered Hereford cattle 
and managed a popular stage stop, that was located 
half way between Salmon and Gibbonsville. Travelers 
were served lunch and horses were exchanged for 
fresh ones. My mother, Minnie, said it kept her and 
her sister busy washing and ironing as Grandmother 
insisted on white linen tablecloths and napkins being 
used at each meal. My grandparents loved to 
entertain. An example, from The Recorder-Herald, 
April 12, 1893: "A social dance will be given at the 
residence of F.W. Niemann on Boyle Creek next 
Friday evening. Good music has been engaged and a 
bounteous supper will be served, everybody invited." 
This was an event held quite often as their home 
was large enough for a lot of people. 


Frederick W. and Ella Frary Niemann 

Before they left the ranch, they had two beautiful 
weddings for their daughters, Effie and Minnie, who 
married Joe and John Roske. Their son, Fred, 
married Edith Gable, and Dewey married Gladys Nell. 

By 1915, they had made their fortune, so sold the 
ranch and moved to Salmon on the bar. They had a 
few sheep for Grandpa to fool with and Grandma 
made donuts to sell around town, always taking first 
prize at the Lemhi County Fair for many years. She 
loved diamond rings and put her donut money into 

My grandfather had the first Dodge touring car in 
the county. He owned many Dodges before he gave 
up driving. My grandmother was still driving her little 
1937 Chevy Coupe into her eighties. 

Because of the Depression, my grandparents lost 
a great deal of money. What money they had left, 
they put into the dairy business. They bought a large 
brick house that still stands about one mile north of 
the Salmon Bridge (Robert Cramer residence). They 
operated the dairy for nineteen years with son, 
Dewey's help. Grandpa died in 1939, but Grandma 
and Dewey operated it for many years after that. 

Grandma was a longtime member of the 
Presbyterian Church, belonged to the Navy Mothers, 
and loved to play cards. She passed away at age 
ninety-four on November 24, 1962. 

Grandpa's obituary in The Recorder-Herald said he 

was one of the community's highly respected 
citizens and his cheerful, kindly disposition made for 
him many lasting friendships. 

Their six living grandchildren still cherish their 
memory as they were both kind and loving to us all. 

— Dorothy Roske Fi field 
H.F.W. and Lillie Wittenberg Niemann 

Henry Fredrick William Niemann and family didn't 
like the tornadoes in Iowa. Lillie Wittenberg, his 
sister, had let him know about her husband's cattle 
ranch on Carmen Creek. Wanting to buy a stock 
ranch, twenty-nine year old Niemann sold his farm 
near Manley, Iowa, and left for Red Rock, Montana, 
arriving there in late January. He looked for a ranch 
to buy. Finding none, he took the stage to Salmon. 

While visiting Lillie, he purchased the Ernest 
Benedict ranch on Big Flat and returned to Iowa to 
get his family. On their return trip, Winifred 
celebrated her third birthday on the Utah and 
Northern Railroad. Niemann, his wife Emma and two 
children, Arthur and Winifred, arrived in Salmon, 
February 20, 1902. 

Niemann was born November 14, 1873, the son of 
Henry and Irene Provost Niemann. He married 
Emma Louise Wittenberg, born July 1879. The 
Niemann couple had five children: Arthur, Winifred, 
Lester, Gladys, and Lloyd. Niemann was know by his 
closest friends as Will or Willie. Others called him Big 
Niemann, because another local person had the 
same surname and similar initials. Therefore, he was 
called Little Niemann. 

By purchase and proving up on a homestead, the 
ranch was increased to a total of about five hundred 
acres. It had water rights and a warm spring. 
Presently, the ranch is referred to as the Hot 
Springs Ranch. At the greatest, the ranch supported 
five hundred cattle and other livestock. 

The ranch was quite diversified, considering soil 
and climate. Hay and grain were the main crops 
followed by potatoes, a large garden, orchard, and 
berries. Niemann did all the irrigating and hay 
stacking. Hay sleds were used in hauling the hay. He 
hired a threshing crew to do the grain. He also 
hauled butchered beef and hogs to Leesburg to be 
sold to the miners. 

To operate the place, one steady hand and other 
local help were employed when needed. The 
Niemanns had the reputation of being a nice place 
to work. With the exception of chores, no one 
worked on Sunday or holidays, so the family could 
attend church. 

The Big Flat School, a neighborhood project, was 
built in 1907, and was located within walking 
distance of the children. Mrs. Gertson was the first 


Niemann's first automobile was a Kissel, which 
soon became his private car. Winifred was the first 
Salmon High School student to drive a car to school. 
She drove her father's Kissel. 

The Niemanns and a neighbor family liked to go 
camping only when huckleberries were plentiful. 
Each took a team and wagon loaded with necessities 
for a few days of camping. Two tents were pitched 
for sleeping quarters and privacy. One was Men's 
and the other Women's. Berries were generally 
found on one of the following creeks: Fourth of July, 
Hull, or Hughes. 

Mrs. Niemann was an excellent housekeeper, 
cook, and mother. She made most of the children's 
clothes and was their sole disciplinarian. Anyone 
there at mealtime was welcome. One day, as she 
was carrying a pan of freshly made jelly, in glass 
containers, to be placed on the cellar shelves, a 
neighbor's curious pet deer exploded out of the 
cellar and the jelly crashed to the ground. Who was 
most surprised was a toss-up! 

Mrs. Niemann passed away in 1944 in the old 
hospital, now occupied by the Shady Nook Supper 
Club. Internment was in the Salmon Cemetery. 

Mr. Niemann sold the ranch in 1945 and moved to 
town to live with Winifred. He passed away in a 
convalescent home in Vancouver, Washington, in 
1959. Internment was in the Salmon Cemetery. 

— Winifred Niemann Sassman 

H.F.W. and Emma Louise Niemann 

Floyd and Dexter Dawson Nilsson 

Floyd Nilsson was born November 21, 1912. He 
rode into Lemhi County to Baker, Idaho, on 
horseback from Fort Hall in 1932. It took him five 
days. He came to visit his brother, Roy Nilsson, who 
was married to Ruby Dawson. They owned a ranch 
up Wimpy Creek. It was in the fall and he nearly 
froze to death coming over Gilmore. 

The first job Floyd had was working for Tom KesI 
stacking hay, irrigating, and working cows for $1.00 
a day. In the spring of the next year, he rounded up 
a bunch of horses for Bert Wilson. He and Lee 
Wilson then drove them from Baker to Shelley, 

Floyd married Dexter Dawson on January 13, 
1934. They had three children: Jacqueline Elizabeth, 
born March 29, 1936; Stephen Floyd, born July 12, 
1937; and Barbara Jonalin, born October 24, 1938. 
They were all born at Baker. 

In summers, he worked in the Big Hole putting hay 
up for $1.0 a day plus $1.00 for each horse he 
provided. During the Depression, several of the big 
ranchers went broke. They needed help but had no 
money. Other men in the area had no work, no food, 
and no place to stay. Ranchers told the men they 
would let them come and live, but they could not 
pay them. Some offered to pay later on when they 
got on their feed again. 

When he was thirty-five, he worked for Steve 
Mahaffey for about four years. He was working for 
the Morgan Creek Association riding range, when 
Bert Wilson told him about a ranch in Leadore that 
was for sale. It was owned by Oliver Marron and 
Wilson's daughter, Irene. There was a shooting and 
Irene wanted her part of the ranch money so she 
could leave. Floyd had always wanted his own ranch, 
and he had half of the money saved. He borrowed 
the rest from Russell Benedict. He bought the ranch 
in 1955. A few years later, he bought an adjoining 
ranch from Bill Novack. 

At first they ran just sheep, but later changed over 
to cattle. Cattle were more interesting to Floyd, who 
always enjoyed rodeoing, especially bronc riding. 

Dexter had a stroke in 1985 and had to be taken 
care of in a nursing home. In 1984, Floyd decided to 
give up ranching and leased the ranch to a 
granddaughter Lisa, and husband, Kent Bird. 

Until Dexter's stroke, she was an active 
homemaker. In the late seventies, she still washed 
their clothes with an old ringer type washing 
machine and cooked meals mostly on her old wood 
stove. Her grandchildren loved her cinnamon rolls. 

Floyd continues to enjoy rodeo event. In 1970, 
when team roping started, he decided to give it a 
try. At seventy-eight, it is still a favorite pastime, 
when he can find someone to rope with. A grandson, 
Eric Matson, is a likely roping mate. He still rides 


horses and until about his seventy-fifth birthday, was 
taking the buck out of green ones. 

At the present time, Floyd is working as caretaker 
of the Lemhi County Fair and Rodeo grounds. 

— Nilsson Family 

Barbara, Floyd, Jacqueline, Dexter Dawson and Stephen Floyd 

George W. Noble 

Christmas festivities were everywhere. The 
Fireman's Ball was scheduled to be held at 
Anderson's Opera House. The community Christmas 
tree celebration, with a children's program especially 
prepared by the teachers, was all in order. All the 
churches were taking care of last minute details, but 
these things were beyond meaning now for George 
W. Noble. This once prominent businessman had 
passed away, nearly alone, at the Twelve Mile Farm 
up the Lemhi near Baker. He had been in poor 
health for a few years, steadily deteriorating until 
the last year was spent at the farm. He was only 
fifty-five years old, but time had taken its toll on 

George was born in Putnam County, Missouri, and 
had arrived in Lemhi County in about 1880, a bright 
young man with plenty of zeal, and entered into the 
excitement of this raw frontier. By 1890, a new two- 
story hotel was being erected at North Fork by 
Dodge and Robertson, builders. At this time, North 
Fork was known as Noble and is still called the Noble 
precinct at voting time. Not only was he having a 
hotel built, but he and partner, Mike Durkin, had a 
claim called the Merrimach, also known as the old 
Silver Lead Country and is on the old Salmon trail 
about two miles north of the Salmon River and two 
miles east of the North Fork and in the Dahlonega 
Mining District. Not only was he mining and building 
hotels, but George was busy in county affairs, always 
attending court proceedings, and once running for 

probate judge. From October 1895 to July 1897, 
George held the position of Deputy Recorder under 
J. P. Clough, the County Recorder. George was even 
Justice of the Peace for a while. 

But all good things must come to an end and while 
George lay sick and dying at the Twelve Mile Farm, 
Christmas gaiety abounded. George's son. Will, a 
miner at Butte, Montana, came for the funeral. 

— Julia Randolph 

Notes taken from Book of the Dahlonega Mining District, pages 50 
and 51; the Idaho Recorder December 22, 1916; and Gibbonsville. 
Idaho, The Golden Years, page 86.) 

Doc and Louise Norton 

The Nortons came to Lemhi County in 1956 
purchasing from Lake Manly the old Morton Place 
consisting of about three hundred sixty acres where 
the two forks of Tower Creek come together. Prior 
to that time, they owned and operated a bakery in 
Southern California. While living in California during 
World War II, they met Ralph and Blanche Cottrell, 
and in 1956, came to visit them on Tower Creek. 

C.E. Doc and Louise Norton 


They liked the area so much that they bought the 
property they now live on that same year. 

Doc Norton was born Carmen Edward Norton on 
March 9, 1909, in Bonanza, Arkansas. He was the 
son of Roy Edward Norton and Kate Fish. There 
were five other children: Carnie, William, Georgia, 
Ralph, and Ruth. Having attended school in 
Portsmouth, Arkansas, he later lived in Oklahoma 
from 1929 to 1939 when he went to California. Mr. 
Norton served in the Army from 1942 until 1945. On 
July 2, 1942, he married Verna Lou Neill Jackson in 
Waco, Texas. 

Verna Lou, (Louise,) Neill was born in Venus, 
Texas, on October 7, 1911, one of five children born 
to Samuel Luther Neill from Tennessee and Mary 
Kate Danby of La Grange, Georgia. The other 
children were Minnie Paul, Emma J, Byrd, and Ola 
Mae Neill. About 1915 the family moved to 
Oklahoma and Louise attended the Goodman School 
in Kenefick, Oklahoma. She married Lewis Jackson 
of Oklahoma, and to them was born a daughter, 
Margaret Louise Jackson, May 21, 1933. Margie 
passed away in California October 21, 1979, leaving 
a daughter, Toni Lynn Connon Hatfield, and husband 
Harold Hatfield. 

The Nortons are well known in the community as 
members of the Carmen Grange, Seventh Day 
Adventist Church, and former members of the 
Cattlemen's Association. 

— Doc and Louise Norton 
Charles and Mettie Morton Norton 

Charles A. Norton, son of Miles A. and Annis 
Congdon Norton, was born June 26, 1877 at Great 
Valley, New York. He attended school there and 
taught one term of school at the age of seventeen. 
He started working in his uncle's jewelry store where 
he learned his trade. 

In 1900, after finishing a course in engraving, he 
went to Butte, Montana, where he worked in a 
jewelry store. He came to the Salmon area the 
following fall to hunt and soon after opened a jewelry 
store in Salmon, Idaho. In 1909 and 1910, he 
purchased the ranches of Carl Pautzke and John and 
Emma Wheeler. He acquired more land in 1913 
which was United States patented ground. In 1923, 
he bought more property joining the ranch from 
James and Emma Ryan. Walter S. Brown, a cousin, 
Arthur Parsons, Mike Fraker, and Arthur Niemann 
were some of his foremen over the years. He 
became greatly interested in raising purebred 
Shorthorn cattle. Mrs. Arthur Parsons related that 
he often came to the ranch from his home in 
Salmon early in the morning to lead some of his 
prize bulls and to walk through his herd of cattle. At 
the time of his death, he owned one of the best 
purebred Shorthorn herds in the northwest. 

In 1910, he returned to Great Valley, New York, to 
marry Mettie Morton. Mettie was born in Great 
Valley, New York, March 30, 1882, the daughter of 
Robert and Helen Alexander Morton. Mettie attended 
Griffith Institute and taught in New York State for 
eight years. At the time of her marriage, she was a 
primary teacher in Great Valley. The newlyweds soon 
left for Salmon, Idaho. 

They had two daughters, Helen born in 1910, and 
Lois born in 1914. Charles died January 17, 1940, in 
Salmon. Lois continued to run the jewelry store until 
1946 when it was sold. The ranch had been sold in 
1943. Mettie passed away in Salmon May 25, 1959. 
She had been a resident of Salmon for forty-nine 
years, was an active member of the Presbyterian 
Church, having served as elder and treasurer for 
many years. 

Helen and Lois attended the local schools. Helen 
attended the College of Idaho at Caldwell, received 
her Masters Degree and also attended Mills College 
in Oakland, California. Lois attended the Southern 
Branch College of Idaho at Pocatello, Idaho, and 
graduated from the University of Montana, Missoula, 
Montana. Helen married Ned Hudson of Texas where 
she was teaching in a girls college in Dallas. They 
had two sons, Charles and Bill. Lois married Clay 
Merritt August 22, 1941. Clay, the son of Allen C. 
and Inez Minert Merritt, was born June 2, 1913, in 
Salmon. He lived his entire life in Salmon, attended 
local schools, Idaho State College at Pocatello, and 
the college at Logan, Utah. Clay was employed for 
awhile by Standard Oil Company and owned and 
operated the City News Stand from 1940 until his 
death in 1957. He received his pilots license in 1945 
and worked regularly to promote interest in flying 
and improvement of the municipal airport. Lois and 
Clay had one son, Allen Clay, born January, 1947. 
He passed away in Boise in 1979. 

Lois continued to operate the News Stand for 
many years. After selling it, she moved to Boise 
where she was secretary for the Idaho Outfitters and 
Guides License Board for many years. She still 
resides in Boise, and married Peder Jensen Nov. 9, 

— Doris Morton 
Clarence and Elizabeth Gillium Nutt 

Clarence Earl Nutt was born June 2, 1895, in 
Joplin, Missouri, to william Jackson and Mary 
Bennett Nutt. His mother died when he was small. 
Clarence was nine years old when his father and 
stepmother, Jack and Jane, moved from Missouri, 
headed for Idaho. 

The Jaspar Gillium family, with daughters Elizabeth 
and Lucky, left rose, Oklahoma, headed for Idaho. 

The two families met enroute and traveled in 
covered wagons, with horses and machinery, to 


work on the irrigation canal systems being built in 
Idaho. They stopped in Colorado for about two 
years. Arriving in southern Idaho the two families 
took up homesteads and went to work. 

On August 7, 1918, during World War I, Clarence 
joined the service. After returning home, he married 
Elizabeth Gillium March 8, 1921. In 1925, Clarence 
and Elizabeth, with their children, OIlie, Dorothy, 
Frank, and LeRoy, moved to Lemhi County. 

Times were tough, Clarence worked at any kind of 
job. Several summers he contracted stacking hay on 
the Spellman Ranch on Big Flat. All was done with 
horse-drawn equipment and a crew of men. They 
lived in tents and Elizabeth cooked for the hay 

In 1930, the family moved to Cren, where they 
purchased a small place. Tom, Jack, and Gene were 
born there. The older children attended the Carmen 
School. While plowing near the old Bonneville Fort, 
Clarence found a pocket watch. After research, it 
was believed to have belonged to a member of the 
Lewis and Clark Expedition. The watch is now on 
display in the Salmon Museum. Clarence also worked 
on developing the Wagonhammer Springs, which is 
still used and enjoyed today. 

In about 1938, the family moved to Salmon along 
the Lemhi River, the site which is now owned by the 
sawmill. One of the frequent visitors to their home 
was Chief Tendoy and other Indian friends with 
many stories. 

During that time, and until his death in 1953, 
Clarence worked for the state Highway Department. 
Elizabeth continued to reside in Salmon until her 
death in 1963. Tom, Jack, and their families still 
reside in Lemhi County. 

—Ruth Nutt 

^,.> tnt'"'"'! 



Hay crew at Spellman Ranch about 1928 


FRONT ROW: Charles Randolph, Charles Nutt BACK ROW: Bob 
Gillium, rest unknown 

-• -V 


FRONT ROW: Rick, John Lambert, Eric Nyborg BACK ROW: 
Katrina, Martha, Chris, Brent Nyborg. 

Brent and Martha Lambert Nyborg 

In 1977, Brent and Martha Nyborg and their 
children moved to Salmon. Brent was transferred to 
Salmon from Pocatello as a regional conservation 
officer for the Idaho Fish and Game Department. 
They bought and lived in a home by the airport that 
had been built by Val Franklin. 

Brent was born August 20, 1936, at St. Anthony, 
Idaho. He attended school there and graduated from 
high school in 1954. He served in the U.S. Navy 
from 1954 to 1959 and came back to Idaho. He 
graduated from Ricks College and then from 
Brigham Young University in 1967. He spent some 
time with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in South 
Dakota and then the opportunity to work for the 
Idaho Fish and Game became available and he was 
happy to come back to Idaho. He has worked as a 
game warden in several areas. Since 1967, he was 
stationed at Pocatello, Stanley, Swan Valley, back to 
Pocatello, and then to Salmon. He has devoted 
much of his energy and interest to his work. 

Martha was born in Kamas, Utah, June 21, 1937, 
to John A. and Martha A. Lambert. She attended 
school in Summit County, graduating from high 

school in 1955. She graduated from Utah State 
University in 1959 and taught school in Morgan 
County one year. She served an LDS mission to 
England and then returned home to teach school in 
the Salt Lake area. Martha has spent some of her 
time working with the 4-H program in the county 
and substitute teaching in the schools. 

Brent and Martha were married October 14, 1967, 
at Salt Lake City. They have four children. Katrina 
was born April 27, 1968, and recently married 
Joseph Scott Lyman. She attended school at Rick 
college in the pre-vet program. Kristina was born 
February 11. 1969, at Pocatello and married Rusty 
K. Hamilton of Pahsimeroi. They have two children, 
Kodi Wyatt and Kylie Breaa. Eric Brent was born 
August 6, 1972 at Hailey, Idaho, and Rik Aaron was 
born August 29, 1976, at Pocatello, Idaho. Martha's 
father, John Lambert, lived with them for four years 
before his death in February of 1989. 

— Martha Nyborg 



Daniel and Almira Ploghoft O'Connor 

Daniel Frank O'Connor was born in 1864 in 
Griswold, Iowa. Almira Belle was born December 14, 
1875 in Red Oak, Iowa. They were married in Red 
Oak, Iowa in 1891 and came west with the railroad. 
At the time Frank was employed by the railroad. One 
son, Francis, was born in Iowa with a second son, 
James, born in Moorcroft, Wyoming. 

The family moved to Red Rock, Montana, a 
terminus of the supply line for all the various 
enterprises in Salmon resulting from the Leesburg 
basin gold rush. In 1896, the O'Connors moved to 
Salmon, Idaho, where Frank first went to work for 
John Snook who had a freighting business from Red 
Rock to Salmon. 

They moved into the Geertson home a short 
distance from Salmon. Two more sons, Wayne and 
Thomas, were born here. Frank O'Connor had been 
raised on a farm in Iowa where draft horses were 
bred for the family farm, as well as to sell to other 
farmers. Being an experienced horseman, as well as 
an accomplished reinsman, Frank operated a freight 
wagon for Mr. Snook. 

Indian women did all of the heavy chores including 
washing and tending the garden. Their noon-day 
meal was prized by these women since it was free to 

Three years later, Frank bought a heavy draft 
team and wagon and moved to Wagonhammer 
Creek, approximately twenty miles north of Salmon. 
Here he was engaged in the sawmill business. Frank 
and Belle welcomed their first daughter, Maude, 
while they resided here. 

Their next move was west to the mouth of 
Blackbird Creek where the O'Connors operated a 
stopping place for the people going and coming from 
mines operating in the vicinity. A son, Walter, and a 
daughter, Mary, were born here. Frank had a mail 
contract for the Blackbird Mine. Returning to Salmon 
in 1907, a son, John was born before they moved to 
their final destination near Forney, Idaho. 

In the ensuing years four more children were born, 
Nellie, Daniel, Ann, and Jenny (Sue), and their one 
hundred and sixty acres were improved. Frank was a 
mail contractor for both the Yellowjacket Mine and 
Singhiser when he passed away in 1912. 

Belle patented the homestead about 1916 and 
resided here until her retirement as Postmaster and 
telephone operator after twenty-seven years of 
public service. All the O'Connor children reached 
maturity at the homestead. Two sons, Francis and 
James, served in World War I and two sons, Thomas 

Frank O'Connor and Belle O'Connor ■ 1890 

and Walter, and a daughter, Maude, served in World 
War II. 

In 1947, Belle purchased a home in Salmon and 
resided there until her death in 1955. During a short 
illness, preceding her death, she was cared for by 
family members in her home. Belle was seventy-nine 
years old at the time of her death and had never 
been a hospital patient; she just didn't have time for 
such luxury. 

The twelve O'Connor children produced thirteen 
grandchildren. Francis, Thomas, and Walter were 
never married. Anne was married but did not have 
any children. Four of the children, Wayne, Maude, 
Mary, and Nellie each had one child. James, John, 
and Daniel produced two children each. The 
youngest daughter, Jenny (Sue), had three children. 

Belle, even with her busy schedule, was always a 
gracious hostess. On most holidays her large dining 
room table was set more than once to 
accommodate family, friends, neighbors, and all of 
the bachelors in the Forney area. 

One of the girls once remarked that whenever 
someone arrived at their home for the first time, 
they would look around and with disbelief say, "Are 
all these children yours, Mrs. O'Connor?" 

— John 'Connor and Nellie Bunce 

Ora O'Farrell 

Ora Snyder O'Farrell was born in Foster, Oregon 
October 20, 1909. She was the third child of Aaron 
and Ina Snyder, both from Pennsylvania. When Ora 
was three years old her parents took their family to 
Canada to a Russian settlement that was four 
hundred miles north of Edmonton. There were only 
two other white families in the community. They 
sold during World War I, and moved back to 
McMinnville, Oregon. Here they had a prune orchard 


and raised wheat. After a few years they sold the 
ranch, bought a truck and went back to Canada 
ending up in Edmonton. It was on this trip that they 
went through the Yakima Valley where Ora's mother 
fell in love with the country. After being disappointed 
that Canada wasn't like it was before the war, they 
returned to the Yakima Valley. They bought land in 
Benton City, Washington and put in the first peach 
and cherry orchards there. The orchards are still 
being used and harvested by Ora's nieces and 

Ora married Mike O'Farrell in Idaho Falls, August 
30, 1928. After their marriage they moved to Buhl, 
Idaho where they lived in the high school. They 
worked on ranches, at the bean plant or at anything 
they could find to do. They heard of employment in 
the building of Sun Valley and moved to Ketchum. 
Contractors hadn't started employing yet so Mike 
went to work at the mines. He was one of the first 
to be employed at Sun Valley. He learned how to 
drive a cat from reading a book. 

While at Sun Valley the O'Farrells became 
interested in dogs and dog sledding. They entered 
the dog races held there and won their fair share of 
the winnings. At one time they had forty two dogs 
that were used for sledding. Hollywood came to Sun 
Valley and O'Farrells dogs were used in the movies. 
Mike and Ora were in the movie "Snow Dogs" and 
"Sun Valley Serenade", which is still being shown in 
Sun Valley. Ora had a lead dog that would not take 
to anyone else. When the other dogs were let loose 
to play, her dog would sit on the sled close by her. 
The dogs were sold to Sun Valley when they moved 
back to Washington. 

Ora inherited part of the ranch in Benton City and 
they moved back on the ranch. Those were good 
years. Besides the cherries and peaches, they raised 
black angus cattle along with two buffalo. One of the 
nice things they did was to work and show eight 
registered Belgian horses. They won prizes and 
enjoyed showing their prize horses and cattle. 

Mike and Ora made a move to a Lodge in Dayton 
in the Blue Mountains. They had summer range for 
the cattle and a hunting lodge. Ora especially 
enjoyed the work at the "Dude" ranch. At this time 
a previous injury made Mike ill and he had some bad 
spells. Ora then came to Salmon in 1958. She 
bought the Edmond Bills ranch by the airport. She 
brought some of her Black Angus cattle from 
Washington. The ranch was too much for her to 
work alone so she leased the ranch and cattle and 
eventually sold. 

Ora has spent her life working hard. She worked at 
Casabello Care Center for four years, until her back 
was injured. Then she worked at the kitchen in the 
hospital for seven years until she was seventy years 
old. She has enjoyed her work with animals and the 
out of doors. Hunting has been a great sport for her. 

She always enjoyed gardens and still does some 
canning for her family. She bought her home in town 
in 1968 and has made her home and yard very 

She has one daughter, Althea Hyde, three 
grandchildren, eight great grandchildren and five 
great, great grandchildren. She enjoys her family. 

—Ora O'Farrell 

Ora O'Farrell 

Bill and Helen Lish O'Neal 

Charles William "Bill" O'Neal was born at May 
Idaho November 22, 1922, the son of Edward 
Chisum O'Neal (1895-1971) who was born at May, 
Idaho and Nina B. Smith (1897-1979) born in 
Missouri. His grandparents, Edward Chisum (1845- 
1921) and Anna (1866-1928) were born in Canada. 
They were pioneers in the Pahsimeroi Valley. His 
maternal grandparents were Charles and Dolly 

Bill grew up on the O'Neal ranch, attending grade 
school at Hooper and May and high school at 
Challis, Idaho. 


About 1942 he attended one of the many basket 
socials held at May and purchased the basket of 
Miss Helen Lish. She was upset because she always 
thought he was a smart aleck. Shortly after this Bill 
started riding his horse five miles to court Helen. 

Bill became employed at Brewster, Montana as 
diamond driller for Lynch Brothers. He married 
Helen Lish at Missoula, Montana August 4, 1944. 
They made their home at Brewster for a short time. 

Helen Louise Lish was born May 31, 1924 at 
Challis, Idaho, daughter of Peter Everett and Iris 
Blanchard Lish. When quite young, she practiced the 
piano, even at school. At the age of ten she played 
for dances at May with her father and sisters. 

Bill and Helen returned to the county working at 
the Edson Ranch then the Ima Mine. In 1946 they 
moved to the Blackbird Mine. Helen and baby 
Carolyn went over in the grocery truck driven by 
Chuck Stull. They first lived in a one room log cabin. 
At night when Bill worked, Helen would be frightened 
by the thumping of pack-rat's tails and the gnawing 
on the logs by porcupines. There were no close 
neighbors, except at the bunk house. 

The mine put up two Quonset huts (four 





^ M 






apartments) and they lived in one for a time. Cobalt 
townsite developed and they finally got a house. Bill 
loved to fish and the family enjoyed picnics and in 
the winter sleigh riding parties. Helen learned to 
bowl at the new bowling alley and continues to enjoy 
this sport. Helen played for some of the dances at 

In 1958 they moved to Henderson, Nevada, 
working for the Silver King Mines. Next they went to 
Moab, Utah where he was employed for nine years. 
Bill worked with Morrison Knudsen, building a tunnel 
through the mountain for trains to haul the potlatch 
from the TGI Mine. Bill was crushed by a shuttle car, 
cutting off part of his lung and doing extensive 
damage to the liver. There was doubt that the liver 
could be saved but Dr. Mayberry gambled by placing 
it in a self dissolving gauze bag. Bill spent five 
months in the hospital and specialists came from all 
over to check the patient and the procedure that 
was used. The operation was a success because Bill 
went on to work at Green River, Wyoming, Tona 
Plant at Tiebor, Nevada and Ely, Nevada. They 
returned to Challis for a short time before 
purchasing and operating a peach orchard of five 
hundred trees at Grand Junction, Colorado, for three 

They semi-retired in Salmon, buying a home in 
1988. Helen loves gardening and keeps the home 
while Bill is still mining presently in Alaska. 

They had three children: Carolyn born in July 
1945 in Salmon. She now resides in Moab, Utah. 
Mickle (Charles William) born February 1947 in 
Salmon and now resides in Boise, Idaho. Mary Anna 
was born December 1950 and resides in Grand 
Junction, Colorado. 

— Wllma Williams 

George W. Oliver 

Bill and Helen O'Neal 

The year, 1910, seemed to be a popular date for 
emigration from the mid-west and the east to the 
Salmon River country. George W. Oliver, well known, 
colorful owner of the Oliver Ranch, west of Salmon 
on the high bar and now known as the Smedley 
Division, was one of the easterners to migrate west. 
He came with a wife, referred to as a "lovely lady" 
by the oldtimers of the county, and with a young 
son, George K., who became an outstanding polo 
player, head quartered and still living a portion of his 
time, in Florida. 

George W. Oliver purchased not only his property 
bordering Jesse Creek and Pollard Creek, but 
started buying and raising horses to be shipped east 
for carriage, polo, and riding uses in New York and 
surrounding area, and eventually to many eastern 
and southeastern states. In addition he was 
procurement officer for the Army remount station. 


nW r^ 

? ^-^■^': 


■ t 

George Oliver 

and where he raised two daughters, Mimi and 
Corelle. Mimi is married to one of the leading polo 
players of the world. 

George W. Oliver, sometime in the late 20's or 
early 30's, married Geneve Howard Wallick, who 
lived with George on the ranch for several years, 
renovating the old ranch house and playing an active 
part in the community. Her son, Barney Wallick, 
resided with the Olivers in the summer, and with his 
doctor father in the Ogden area in the winter. 
Eventually, Geneve Oliver divorced George and 
moved to the Salt Lake City area, where she owned 
apartments, sang in the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, 
and resumed her life in the Utah world. 

For many years while George Oliver lived in Lemhi 
County his car carried license plate #1. Many people 
impressed by the number asked him if he was the 
governor or the mayor. 

Later George W. Oliver sold his ranch property to 
Eldon Jolley and bought the old King Dairy ranch 
property on Highway 28, next to the present golf 
course. He finally sold that ranch to Kenneth Bailey 
and moved with his wife. Myrtle Davis Oliver, to 
California, where they bought horses and ranch 
property in Chatsworth. After selling this property, 
the Olivers purchased an acreage and lived in the 
Escondido, California area, and it was here that 
Oliver died in the early seventies. 

When one native of Salmon City was asked how he 
would catergorize George Oliver, he said: "Well, he 
was the Clark Gable of his day." 

— Phyllis Caples 

He was adequately versed in the buyer's needs, 
having been a freight driver, and later in full charge 
of the horses used by Lord and Taylor in New York 
City. At that time his other home was in Closter, 
New Jersey, and he returned there many times while 
transacting his "horse deals." Having a very loyal 
and knowledgeable foreman, Art McClain, George 
was able to spend as much time as he deemed 
necessary away from the ranch tending to his horse 
business here and there, in and sometimes out of 
the country. 

George W. Oliver was considered very "fickle", but 
his friends, of whom he had many, were loyal to him 
through the years. He was always willing to entertain 
the local's visiting dignitaries, to chauffeur friends or 
families to California or other destinations; he was at 
home with all levels of society. His first wife left after 
a very short stay in the Salmon vicinity, and took 
their son, George K, with her, although he returned 
frequently to see his father; later he came to 
oversee the buying of polo ponies, and to meet 
friends and classmates. Young George lived in North 
Carolina and Florida, where he had a cattle ranch, 

Dale C. and Tracy Vugrenes Olson 

Dale C. Olson was born on July 31, 1958 to Vergil 
Olson and Mary Virginia Olson in Salmon, Idaho. He 
was born fifth of six children. There were three 
brothers, Don, Ron, Verdell and two sisters, Kaye 
and Marlene. He was raised on a ranch near Salmon 
on the old Lemhi Road. The family had milk cows, 
pigs, sheep, and horses. They were a very close 
family. Their home was always open to anyone. You 
couldn't leave without first having a meal with them. 
Dale went to school in Salmon from first grade 
through graduation. He went to Eastern Idaho 
Vocational School in Idaho Falls and received a 
Degree in Diesel and Hydraulic. 

Tracy Denise Vugrenes was born October 9, 1959 
in Oroville, California. Her parents, David and Lois 
Vugrenes, with their older daughter, Debbie, and 
Tracy, moved to Salmon from California the summer 
of 1974. David Vugrenes taught school at Salmon 
Junior High School. Tracy attended school in Salmon 
from her sophomore through senior year. 
Graduating early her senior year, she attended a 


Dale, Eric, Lacey, Melissa, Daniel and Tracy Olson 

semester at Boise State University. She worked the 
summers at Rigby's Pharmacy and Shady Nook Cafe 
in Salmon. Then she went a semester at Chico, 

On April 14, 1978, Dale and Tracy were married at 
the home of Dale's sister, Kaye Sigman, in Mc Call, 
Idaho by an L.D.S. Bishop. Dale worked at his dad's 
John Deere Equipment business, Olson and Sons . 
Equipment. In 1979, when his brother, Don, went 
into ranching. Dale began managing the business. In 
the same year Dale and Tracy built their first home. 
Dale's grandfather. Bill Clark, gave them one acre of 
ground on the Lemhi backroad and FHA financed it. 
In 1982 they moved from Salmon to Terreton, Idaho 
where Dale went to work for Terreton Tractor as a 
salesman. They purchased a small, single wide trailer 
in Salmon and had it moved to Terreton on 
December 18, 1982. While in Terreton, Tracy and 
Dale sold their home in Salmon to Mike Ernest. Then 
they purchased a house at Challis from Cyprus 
Corporation and had it moved to Terreton. In 1988 
they moved back to Salmon where Dale felt at home 
again. He started his own business, Salmon Tractor, 
in his dad's building, formerly Olson and Sons 
Equipment. They purchased their fourth home which 
is located three miles out Highway 93 South. It was 
an unfinished home. 

Dale and Tracy Olson have four children. Three 
were born in Salmon, Daniel David, born February 
14, 1979; Melissa Anne, born October 9, 1980; and 
Lacey Denise, born February 15, 1982. Eric Stephen 
was born October 21, 1983 in Idaho Falls. Each child 
has brought joy to them. They are active members 
of the L.D.S. Church. 

Their hobby as a family is building, remodeling, 
landscaping and general fixing up of old houses. 

They have added to each home they lived in. 

The children are active in 4-H, taking sheep, 
sewing and rabbit. Daniel and Eric have participated 
in freestyle wrestling since Daniel was eight and Eric 
was five years old. They have all played on city 
baseball teams. 

Dale has been a volunteer firefighter, freestyle 
wrestling coach, Vice-President of the Salmon 
Freestyle Club and Little League Football coach. He 
supports the 4-H fair livestock sale. 

Tracy has served as chairman for the school's 
Campbell Soup labels committee, which helps the 
schools to earn free equipment. She has also served 
as a room mother. The Olsons are looking forward 
to living in Salmon for a good many years. 

— Tracy D. Olson 
Delos and Anna Gardner Olson 

Paul Delos Olson was the sixth child of Albert and 
Helen Olson and was born and raised in the Star 
Valley, Wyoming area. Albert Louis and his wife, 
Helen Mae Crook Olson moved to Salmon, Idaho in 
1946. On October 31, 1946 Paul Delos married Anna 
Beth Gardner of Grover, Wyoming in the Idaho Falls 
Temple. In March of 1947, Delos and Anna decided 
to move to Salmon to be near the family. Delos had 
raised sheep in Star Valley and remembered how it 
would get 40-50 degrees below zero, and that there 
were blizzards and big snow banks in June and 
September. Salmon seemed to have a better climate 
for farming. 

Delos and Anna bought eighty acres one and a half 
miles south of Salmon. They bought the land from 
Mr. Glen Beatty for $156.25 an acre. There was a 
small home up in the corner of the property that no 
one had lived in. They brought the home down to 
the front end of the property and made it 
comfortable and liveable. 

Over the years eight children were born to Delos 
and Anna. Six daughters in a row and then two sons. 
As the family grew, so did the little home. It started 
as a small two room home and ended up being a 
home with five bedrooms and two baths. All the 
building was done by Delos and Anna. After building 
on the family room and bedroom and enlarging the 
kitchen, Anna wrote in her journal: "Once we get 
this building mess cleaned up, I never want to build 
ever again!" 

Delos and Anna not only built their own home, but 
they worked hard raising cattle and pigs, grain and 
hay. They raised chickens too, sometimes five 
hundred at a time. 

To supplement their income, Delos went to work 
at the Salmon Valley Creamery. He worked there for 
five years and made $235.00 a month. Delos then 
went to work at the Intermountain Lumber 


Company. He was able to work the night shift so he 
could run the farm during the day. Intermountain 
Lumber was bought out by Champion Lumber and 
Delos worked for the company thirty-five years. He 
worked on a hyster and then in the office and back 
on the hyster. He retired in the fall of 1989. Lumber 
industry supported many families in the Salmon 
River Valley. 

Delos and Anna had many good years in Salmon. 
They also had some years that were harder than 
others. In 1972, Anna wrote in her journal: "In 
September of this year there were fires in the area. 
Forest Service planes were flying over our place 
from the airport and one of the planes had engine 
trouble so it dumped its load of fire retardent on our 
grain crop. It contains salt. To make a long story 
short, this hurt us financially, as it killed a lot of 
pigs." And in May of 1975 she wrote: "The weather 
is so terrible this year, snow and cold. We can't get 
our grain in the ground and everyone is out of hay." 

Delos and Anna were members of the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. They were active 
in many positions. Anna Beth passed away in 
October 1985 and Delos still owns and operates the 
eighty acres south of Salmon. He raises a few 
animals, hay and grain and twenty-two grandchildren 
love to come and visit their grandpa. 

— Delos Olson 


Deios and Anna Olson 

Vergil and Mary Clark Olson 

Vergil was born in Osmond, Wyoming in May 1926 
to Albert and Helen Crook Olson. He grew up on the 
family farm in Afton, Wyoming. His dad was a 
rancher and sheep shearer. Vergil was the seventh 
child. He has five brothers and three sisters. 

In 1945 Vergil joined the Army and was stationed 
in Alaska. He received training as a baker and 
became a Mess Sargent. Then in 1946 he moved to 
Salmon along with his parents, two brothers, Delos 
and Dallas, to ranch. Theirs was a close family. They 
still enjoy getting together for the annual reunions. 

Mary was born at Leadore June 4, 1930 to Bill and 
Minnie Vezina Clark. At the age of one month she 
was taken on her first fishing trip by horseback. 
Mary rode in front of her folks on a pillow to ease 
her ride. As a small child she spent her summers 
herding sheep with her family. 

When she was six years old her parents moved to 
a ranch at Lemhi. She attended grade school there. 
In 1944 Mary and her two sisters, Wilma, and Eileen 
and their parents moved to Salmon. She graduated 
from Salmon High School. 

Shortly after moving to Salmon, Vergil went on a 
blind double date with a girl friend of Mary's and her 
date. It didn't take them long to realize they were 
with the wrong dates and their courtship began. On 
May 26, 1948 at the home of her parents, Vergil and 
Mary were united in marriage. 

Shortly afterwards they purchased the old Charley 
Beers ranch. They ranched and milked cows. Vergil 
also worked at local service stations for eighteen 
years while ranching. 

Vergil and Mary have six children: Don, Ron, Kaye, 
Verdell, Dale and Marleen. In the old ranch house 
where they raised their family, there was no indoor 
bathrooom for the first four years. They bathed the 
kids in a big tin tub. 

In 1966 they purchased a Farm Equipment 
business from Pearl Bowen and then started the first 
John Deere Dealership in Salmon. It closed in 1987. 
Mary did all the book work for the business. 

All of their children grew up working on the ranch. 
Their home was a place where a stranger was always 
welcome. If you came to their home they wouldn't 
let you leave without having a full course meal. Mary 
was an excellent cook. In 1965 they purchased the 
Grant Williams place on Geertson Creek. In 1973 
they built their new long anticipated home where 
they lived for twenty eight years. In 1989 Vergil sold 
the Geertson Creek ranch to his son Verdell, who 
had been leasing it for several years. 

Vergil was raised a member of the L.D.S. Church. 
Mary joined and was baptized in 1956. 

In 1960 Vergil stepped on a rusty nail and was 
given a shot of cortisone which ate the lining out of 
his stomach. He had to stop ranching for two years. 


He kept working at the service station. 

Around 1966 Mary contracted staph infection and 
was hospitalized for months. She was semi-paralyzed 
and to the amazement of the doctors she regained 
full use of her arms. Her mother, Minnie Clark, took 
care of the three younger children while the older 
ones stayed at home. This was a trying time for the 

On April 3, 1977, Mary died unexpectedly of a 
brain tumor. Mary was able to enjoy five of her 
grandchildren. Since then twelve more have been 
added to the family. As of 1991 they have a total of 

Vergil received several awards from his military 
duty. Two of them were the good conduct metal and 
expert marksman. Mary was valedictorian of her 
high school class. As of 1991. Vergil is still running 
the home ranch and memories of Mary live with her 

— Tracy Olson 





BACK ROW: Don, Vergil, Mary and Ron Olson FRONT ROW: 
Verdell, Marlene, Dale and Kaye 

A. O. U. W. 

Salmon City Lodj^c^ No. 20, meets cTcrj 
Tucsdaji' cvcninjj in Grand Army Hall, xt 7:30 
P. M. Sojourniji£; work.:ncn in gO(jd standing; 
arc fra-ternally invited to meet wUh us. " 

Gio. V. Gros5, M. W. 

E. H.JcANjAQt/ET, lictorder. 

Sylvan Brown And Arlene Stoddard Orr 

Sylvan Brown "Brownie" Orr was born May 19, 
1936, son of Sylvan and Curtie Brown Orr, in the log 
home of Myrtle Boyce Brown, his grandmother. The 
old log house was located where Granny's Steak 
House stands today on Main Street. His father 
worked as a carpenter here from 1934-1941 when 
they moved to Utah. 

Brownie grew up in eastern Idaho, met and 
married Marion Arlene Stoddard on March 20, 1959. 
They made their home in Rexburg, Idaho until 1966. 
While traveling through the Salmon River Valley as a 
salesman for Keebler Cookie Company, he called on 
Swauger Market in Salmon. Genevieve Koester 
wanted to sell the little grocery store, so on March 
30, 1967, Brownie and Arlene purchased the 
Swauger Market. Thinking they would only stay five 
years, they set up a trailer house next to the 
Grocery Store and named the store "Service 

Some of their first friends were Sheriff Bill Baker 
and Ed Schaller, who informed Brownie that the 
greatest mistake in the county was when they paved 
the roads into Salmon, enabling riff-raff such as he 
to come in. 

Arlene operated the store under the management 
of Brownie (he was busy hunting and fishing?). The 
store did quite well. They met many friends and had 
varied experiences, good and bad. During this time 
Lori was born, making a family of four children: 
Michael Sylvan, born in Rexburg, Idaho on January 
11, 1960; Arlyn Val, born in Rexburg, Idaho July 24, 
1963; Leslie Ann, born in Rexburg, Idaho September 
30, 1965; and Lori Lee Orr, born in Salmon, Idaho 
October 17, 1970. This kept Arlene quite busy - 
operating a store and raising four kids. 

In 1975 LeRoy and JoAnn Fayle offered to 
purchase the store and the offer was accepted. After 
selling the store. Brownie and Arlene went into a 
partnership and managed the Double AA Western 
Wear and Sporting Goods, and also purchased the 
Bonnie and Clyde Car Wash, located on the corner 
of Union Avenue and U.S. Highway 93 South in 
Salmon. Realizing this was not keeping Arlene busy 
enough, Brownie's Burnt Bun was built adjacent to 
the car wash. This operation was managed once 
again, part time by Brownie, while Arlene burned the 
buns for approximately six years. "Show and Tell" 
was held there almost every morning with a group of 
the good ol' boys. Along in 1983 Arlene got wise to 
the manager and consequently this enterprize was 
sold to Ben and Merced Suarez and now operates 
under the name of Ben's Burnt Bun. 

Since 1984 through 1990, Brownie continued 
building fences, went back to being a Keebler Elf 
traveling the Snake River Valley, the Salmon River 
Valley and the Boise area as a relief salesman, found 


his wife a job at East Idaho Federal Credit Union and 
he continues to hunt from the road and fish from 
the bridge. 

Their children are now married: Michael married 
Judy Lynn Banta on April 24, 1981; Arlyn married 
Candace Lynn Olsen August 29, 1987 (they were 
divorced in 1990); Leslie married Cody Russ Rumsey 
October 24, 1987; and Lori married Paul Edward 
Fisher Jr. February 14, 1990. 

— Arlene Orr 

Brownie, Mike, Leslie, Arlyn, and Arlene holding Lori Orr 

Ostrander Family 

Some of the early settlers in Lemhi County were 
the Ostranders. They filed platts on the whole bar 
from the river to Williams Creek and sold farms and 
building lots. Christopher also farmed and Horace 
had a cement business and was a County 

William John was a long time resident of 
Gibbonsville, serving as a Judge in 1893 and as a 
County Commissioner in 1900-1902 with William 
Anderson and J. H. Hockensmith. His obituary in the 
(Salmon Herald) February 18, 1925 states, "He bore 
a good name in matters of honor and uprightness 
and was highly respected by all of the old timers of 
the county." 

In a 1937 Salmon newspaper an obituary for C. J. 
Ostrander says; "C. J. Ostrander, age ninety-seven, 
passed away at his home in Los Angeles on January 
23. He will be remembered by the older residents of 
Lemhi County as he spent thirty-eight years here, 
coming to this county in 1882 from Kansas. 

Mr. Ostrander was born in New York. Later he 
moved to Wisconson where he lived for a number of 
years. He decided to go to California and stopped off 
in Kansas for a visit with relatives. He remained 
there for four years and then again resumed his 
journey toward the west. At Denver he met a party 
from Lemhi County and their glowing tales of placer 
gold in the Salmon River country influenced him to 

come here. He arrived in Lemhi County in 1882 and 
remained until 1910, following the occupations of 
ranching, stockraising and mining. In 1910 he again 
resumed his journey to California. Arriving in that 
state he spent the remainder of his life in Los 
Angeles. Mr. Ostrander is survived by his wife, 
Henrietta, a daughter Mrs. Etta Odenwalder, both of 
Los Angeles; two sons, John W. of Reno, Nevada and 
Horace E. of Salmon. Preceding him in death was a 
daughter, Mrs. Charlotte Gertrude Harris of Salmon. 
As Mr. Ostrander was a Civil War Veteran, he was 
given full military funeral by Grand Army of the 
Republic Post of Los Angeles on Thursday January 
26. J.E. Clough, formerly of Salmon, is commander 
of that post. The body was laid to rest in the 
Inglewood Cemetery." 

When they moved to Salmon, he had with him, his 
wife, Henrietta and their four children, Horace E., 
John A. W., Henrietta, and Charlotte, and Gertrude. 
Also coming with them was his mother and father, 
John and Mary Ostrander, and his brother, William 
John. His sister, Abby, was married to A.D. King and 
they had already moved to the Kendrick area of 

In an 1897 Salmon newspaper obituary for Mary J. 
Ostrander "Born in New York, married to John 
Ostrander who died in Salmon in 1886. Funeral was 
at the M.E. Church, with the services by Reverend 
W. M. Crowther." 

Horace E. Ostrander married Miss Abbie M. 
McGorney in Salmon September 20, 1894. They had 
two girls, Lillian Gertrude, who married James W. 
Thompson in 1917 and Olive M. who married Lester 
P. Withington in 1918. Descendants of the C. C. 
Ostrander family are Billy and Judy King and Virginia 
Walchly. Billy and Judy King are also descendants of 
Abby Ostrander King. 

— Llla King 

FRONT ROW: Little boy Arnold, Henrietta and C. J. Ostrander (on 
crutches) BACK ROW: Maisie Harris, Henrietta Odenwalder, 
unknown man, Paul and Hazel Arnold 



John Henry Padgham 

John Henry Padgham, attorney, came to Idaho in 
1896. He was a leading member of the bar of Lemhi 
County for over thirty five years. He came to Idaho 
after a successful practice in Michigan. He was 
born near Palmyra, New York, son of John and Mary 
Newark Padgham. Both his parents were born in 
England. His father was one of twelve children born 
to Thomas and Elizabeth Underdown Padgham. The 
early generations of the family in England were 
farmers and laborers who earned their bread by the 
sweat of their brow. Members of the family in 
America who earned success in professional careers 
had to depart from the family tradition that manual 
labor was the only sure road to material prosperity. 

The day his father, John Padgham, was twenty 
one, he wrapped all his possessions in a red bandana 
handkerchief and started on foot for London. He 
walked the sixty miles and embarked on a sailing 
ship for New York. Landing after a thirty day's 
voyage, he started for the rural area and ended up 
at Palmyra. 

From New York State his father finally moved his 
wife and two sons to Cedar County, Iowa. There his 
father built a log cabin for the family. John Henry 
Padgham spent early years there, helping his father 
on the farm and attending the country school until 
he was seventeen. He then announced his decision 
of going away to school. His father made him an 
offer, including marriage to an attractive local girl 
and promised him eighty acres of land with the 
necessary outfit to run it. 

John Henry Padgham rejected his father's offer 
and went to Centerville, Michigan. His uncle, Phillip 
Padgham, was principal of the schools there and was 
eventually admitted to the bar. It was while living 
with his uncle that he decided to take up law and he 
was associated with him for twelve years. 

John Henry Padgham was engaged in his law 
practice and the public life of Western Michigan, 
when he was persuaded to join in a mining 
proposition at Gibbonsville, Idaho. He invested a 
considerable amount of his own funds and learned 
upon his arrival there that the promoters reaped 
their profits from gullible investors. Judge Padgham 
spent two years at Gibbonsville, finally being left 

About October 1, 1897, he moved to Salmon and 
directed his energies and talents in the line of his 
profession with great success. Despite his unhappy 
experience he always had faith in the possibilities of 
legitimate mining. 

Judge Padgham was married twice. He was twenty 
three years of age when he married his first wife in 
Michigan. She was the daughter of a lawyer. His 
second wife, also deceased, was a veteran school 
teacher. She had gone to Clinton, Iowa to take 
charge of a girl's grammar school, considered a 
difficult situation at that time. She showed her ability 
to control the pupils, and served thirty-three years 
as its principal, after she resigned. 

Judge Padgham had a son, Frederick, by his first 
marriage, who was an executive connected with the 
Northwestern Elevated Railway Company of Chicago. 
He attended the Orchard Lake Military Academy in 
Michigan and entered the Spanish-American War. 

— History Committee 

Edwin K. Abbott & Judge Padgham seated at his desk 


Dean and Juanita Palmer 

Dean was born in Rigby, Idaho March 11, 1927, to 
Henry and Pearl Palmer. He was one of ten children. 
Times were really hard for the family, but there was 
lots of love. When Dean was seventeen, his father 
died of cancer. Two months later he joined the 
Navy. Shortly after he joined the Navy, he received 
word that his older brother had been killed on 

Dean served eighteen months in the Service, was 
discharged in 1946, and went back to Rigby to work. 
He worked at various jobs during that year. In the 
meantime he met Juanita Clifford. She was born 
April 8, 1931 to LaVerl and Emily Clifford. She had 
an older brother and a younger sister. Dean and Nita 
were married May 1, 1948. Dean worked as a 
trucker and Nita as a waitress. On May 14, 1949 
they were blessed with a baby boy, Michael. They 
continued to live in Rigby, except for about three 
months when they lived on a ranch in Montana. 

On May 3, 1953 they were blessed with a little girl, 
Bonnie. They moved to California in 1955 and Dean 
went to work for Meyers Honey Company and 
proceeded to learn the bee business. Dean was not 
able to take the heat in California so in 1961 they 
moved back to Rigby and farmed with Nita's dad. 
But Dean had the bee business in his blood. Nita in 
the meantime was working as a bookkeeper and 
weighmaster for Idaho Fresh Pak and Mike had 
joined the Navy and was stationed in Florida. 

In 1969 Dean and Nita moved to Salmon and 
bought the bee business. Bonnie was still in school 
so she helped Dean and Nita take care of the bees. 
Nita was allergic to them, but thanks to Dr. 
Blackadar, that problem was solved. They lived in a 
small trailer for a while and then in April 1971 they 
moved to their present location. Mike was 
discharged from the service that same year and 

FRONT ROW: Tammy and Nita BACK ROW: Bonnie, Juanita, 
Dean, and IVIike Palmer 

married a girl from Florida and Bonnie was married. 

During the first two years in Salmon, Dean worked 
on a ranch and delivered freight for Garrett 
Freightlines as well as working with his bees. Nita 
worked as secretary for Garretts and later for 
Intermountain Lumber as well as helping Dean in the 
bees. From 1973 to 1981 Dean and Nita ran the bee 
business by themselves. 

On May 2, 1972 Mike and his wife, Judy, 
presented Dean and Nita with their first grandchild, 
a little girl named Tammy, who still remains special 
to them. Mike was divorced and remarried June 14, 
1981 and another little granddaughter arrived and 
was named after her grandmother, Juanita May 
Palmer. With Mike's new marriage came a ready 
made family - four more grandchildren, Kenny, 
Jimmy, Diane and Dustin. Bonnie had remarried and 
gave two more grandchildren, Johnny and Terri. 
Both Mike and Bonnie took nurses training at Steele 
Memorial Hospital. 

In December 1980, Dean had a heart attack and in 
February 1981 they sold their bee business. Dean 
spent all that year recuperating. He worked for his 
brother on a ranch in the Pahsimeroi the summer of 
1982. On August 16, 1982 he had another heart 
attack and was flown to Missoula for open heart 
surgery. Mike and Bonnie really stood by their 
parents in this crisis. 

Dean is doing well now and enjoys fishing, keeping 
up the yard and doing a little gardening. Nita is 
working in the school lunch program and as 
secretary for Hospice of Salmon Valley. They kept 
their granddaughter. Tammy, until she graduated in 
1990 when she went to Colorado to live by her dad 
and go to school. 

Both children are working at good jobs and call 
their folks every week. 

— Juanita Palmer 
George and Kittie Lue Hardwick Park 

My parents, Kittie Lue Hardwick and George Albert 
Park, along with my sister, Emmeline Joyce and I, 
Beva Lue, moved to Lemhi from Challis in the spring 
of 1938. My father worked for Emma Yearian for 
three years at Lemhi and Leadore before going to 
work for the State Department of Highways. During 
this time they purchased a log house in Leadore, 
which I now own. 

In his early adult life my father was a potato and 
grain raiser in the Rigby-Ririe, Idaho area. During the 
War years of 1943-1945 my mother and sister 
worked in defense plants and my father was 
employed by the Denver-Rio Grande Railroad in Salt 
Lake City, Utah. 

Upon their return to Leadore, Dad went to work 
for the crew that was extending the power line up 


the valley to Leadore. He continued with this job 
into several areas of southeastern Idaho and 
northern Utah as they constructed both regular and 
high tension lines for Idaho Power and Utah Power 
and Light Companies. 

They made many friends and had a great time 
seeing some new country as well as revisiting many 
familiar places and friends. When this part of their 
lives came to an end they returned to Leadore and 
Dad worked for the Forest Service in the summer 
months and drove the Gilmore-Birch Creek school 
bus route during the winter. 

My father became ill and passed away at Steele 
Memorial Hospital December 17. 1960, without 
having had the opportunity to travel as he had 

My mother continued to live in their house in 
Leadore where she died of a heart attack December 
22, 1976 after suffering several strokes. Both are 
buried in the Salmon City Cemetery. 

Kittie Lue Hardwick was born in Rich, Idaho on 
January 24, 1902, the fourth of ten children born to 
Emeline Larsen and George Samuel Hardwick. She 
was the first of the children to die with the 
exception of the last born who died four days after 
birth. She helped care for the younger children after 
her mother's death, when she was twelve, until the 
death of her father a few years later. Then the 
younger children went to live with the three older 
ones who were married. 

She worked hard most of her life, thinning and 
topping sugar beets, weeding and picking potatoes, 
and later sorting and picking the cull peas and beans 
out of the ones to be used as seed. She made most 
of our clothing on her White treadle sewing machine. 

She met my father at a dance, an activity she 
loved. She liked to play basketball during her high 
school years and later attended the Leadore High 
School games and followed the B.Y.U. games on the 

My father was born June 1, 1892 at LaBelle, Idaho 
to David Harvey and Lucy Jane Scott Park. He was 
the fifth of ten children. When dad was twenty-one, a 
load of wood, which he was hauling with a team and 
wagon, tipped over the Conant Hill dugway on top of 
him, crushing his pelvis and right hip. Rather than let 
the doctors amputate his leg, he suffered most of 
his life. He did manage to go about his life with a 
much shorter leg. He passed his love of fishing and 
the outdoors on to most of his grandchildren. 

— Beva Lue Clark 




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CENTER: Gail Ann and David Parmenter COUNTERCLOCKWISE: 
Eric, Emily, Jason, Mathew and Kristina 

David and Gail Ann Pabst Parmenter 

I was born in Salmon, Idaho on December 13, 
1951 to Jack and Shirley Parmenter. I was the 
oldest child, with brothers, Jeff, Kelly, Layne, Jan 
and one sister, Michelle. 

I lived my first years in a little log cabin on 
Carmen Creek, at the foot of the towering peaks 
which form the Continental Divide. 

When I was six years old, we moved to a larger 
ranch just south of Salmon. There we learned about 
farming and ranching, and grew up in a small home 
without television, indoor plumbing, or a telephone. 
We spent many hours reading and building projects. 
Our family was close, we acquired a good work ethic 
and a desire to be successful at whatever we did. 

In school I particularly enjoyed art, painting, 
French and playing basketball. I was a long distance 
runner and held the school record in the mile. After 
graduating from Salmon High School in 1970, I 
attended Brigham Young University. During my BYU 
studies, I left for two years for Venezuela and 
Colombia on an LDS mission. It was a tremendous 
experience from which I still draw strength. While on 
my mission I learned to speak Spanish fluently, a 
language I still use on a daily basis in my practice. 

Upon returning, I completed my studies in English 
and Spanish at BYU, and ran rivers as a commercial 
guide in the summer. I ran many different rivers, 
including the Salmon, the Colorado through the 
Grand Canyon, Green, Middle Fork, Selway and 


many other rivers over the western United States. I 
truly loved the experiences, particularly since all my 
brothers also worked as guides. I still continue 
running rivers with friends and my children as they 
become old enough. I just returned in February 1991 
from a trip to South America to run the Bio Bio 

After BYU I attended law school at the University 
of Idaho. It was there I met my wife, Gail Ann Pabst. 
We married in 1978, and we have five children - Eric 
(eleven); Emily (ten); Jason (nine); Kristina (six); and 
Mathew (four). After graduating from law school, I 
began practice in a firm in Moscow, Idaho, and 
taught business and constitutional law at Washington 
State University part time. After a couple of years, 
we moved to Blackfoot, Idaho and I started 
practicing solo. My practice was fairly general, but I 
soon specialized in civil and criminal trial work, in 
both state and federal court, and have handled 
many of the major drug and first degree murder 
cases and trials in eastern Idaho, either as a 
prosecutor or as defense counsel in the last ten 

In addition to my practice, I have become involved 
in other business interests, and have taken up flying 
and golf. My flying and law practice frequently take 
me back to Salmon, and with my parents living 
there, I still have many ties with my home roots. 

My children now enjoy sharing many of my 
pastimes, including art, flying and traveling, as well 
as running rivers. We live in a peaceful rural area 
near Idaho Falls, and keep busy in our various 
activities and our church, and enjoy a wonderful life. 

— David Newell Parmenter 
Frank and Mary McFarland Parmenter 

Frank Parmenter came to Lemhi County with his 
parents, Walter C. and Christina Parmenter from 
Lennox, Iowa in October 1932. 

I was twenty two years old and the Great 
Depression of the 30's was in full swing. Jobs were 
non-existent. The first winter we rented a house of 
Neph Johnson's up the Lemhi four miles from 
Salmon. My brothers and sisters went to school at 
Four Mile School. Pearl Roberts was the teacher. 

The next spring dad rented some land on the old 
Kirtley Creek ranch up near the gold diggings and 
that winter of 1933 we lived in a tent. It was a mild 
winter and we didn't suffer from the cold too much. 
We managed to have food and enough clothing to 
keep warm. 

We traded the truck that we had driven from Iowa 
for a team and wagon and a milk cow or two. That 
winter I used the team and sleigh and hauled wood 
off the Leesburg hill down to Salmon and sold it to 
storekeepers for food and clothing. Wood was $5.00 

a cord and I could get two cord a day. 

The next spring I got a job on the McFarland ranch 
on Carmen Creek. I worked there until fall when I 
joined the CCC's at their camp on Squaw Creek 
down the Salmon River. I was the camp barber and 
charged thirty five cents for a haircut, two bits for a 
shave, and cleaned the mess hall after meals to earn 
my thirty dollars a month. 

I had managed to buy a car during the summer - a 
Chevrolet Coupe with a rumble seat. On Wednesday 
and Saturday nights I would take a carload of boys 
from Camp to town and back for one dollar each. 

I was in camp there and worked on the road down 
the river under Dave Temple and other Forest 
Service supervisors. They transferred me to Challis 
that spring to a smaller camp and my barber 
business didn't amount to much so I quit the CCC's. 
I got a ride from Challis to Salmon with Billie Lewis 
who hauled gas for John Rand. Billie was later town 
cop in Salmon for a number of years. 

I went back to work for McFarlands. In 1935 I 
married Mary McFarland and we moved to Leadore 
where I had a job building the road up Railroad 
Canyon to the Montana border. 

Soon after that I drove stage between Salmon and 
Mackey for Tom Benedict. The railroad was taken 
out between Salmon and Armstead so a mail and 
passenger contract was put out for bids. I got the 
job with Tom Benedict's help. 

I bought an international truck and van and made 
a round trip each day - six days a week - to 
Armstead and back. I had taken over John Hull's 
school bus service to Gibbonsville. I also had the first 
school bus contract up the Lemhi for Salmon School 
District. When I lost the bid for the Armstead run to 
Miller Brothers, I decided to go to ranching. 

We leased the Jim Palmer place on Carmen Creek, 
traded the truck off, got an FHA loan and we were in 
the ranching business. I cut and sold wood out of 
Carmen Creek to help support us, using teams and 
sleighs on an old truck. 

Later on we bought the Newt Cooper place and 
later the George Cook place from Lon Allison - also 
the old Sandiland place which adjoined us. 

We built a new house as our family grew and we 
enjoyed a number of happy years on Carmen Creek. 
We had five boys: Bob, Max, Bill, Jerry and Lee. A 
baby son and our only daughter died in infancy. 

As our boys grew up and married we rented the 
Keystone ranch on Carmen and also some land in 
Dillon. Then we went into logging and road building 
for timber sales. Eventually this kept me so busy we 
sold the ranch and moved to Darby, Montana. 

We feel close to Lemhi County as we lived there 
so many years. Many of our family - parents, 
brothers and their children are buried in the Salmon 
Cemetery as well as having numerous relatives who 
still live in Salmon. —Frank Parmenter 


FRONT ROW: Ron, Belinda, Chris, Brett, Jed, and Paul Parmenter 
MIDDLE ROW: foster son, Caroline, Mary (holding Teri) Frank and 
Phyllis Parmenter BACK ROW: Lee, Bill, Max, Jerry, and Bob 

Jan and Lisa Bateman Parmenter 

I was born in Salmon, Idaho August 9, 1959. Most 
are not aware that I was a severely handicapped 
child. I was born with no clothes and no money! I 
was the fifth son of six children born to Jack and 
Shirley Parmenter. 

We lived on a small ranch near "S" Hill. My 
brothers and I spent many hours out playing in and 
exploring around the foothills near my parents' 
ranch. I attended school in Salmon and graduated 
from Salmon High School in 1977. 

A major portion of my life, growing up in Salmon, 
was involved in Scouting. We went on campouts to 
such places as Panther Creek, Hot Springs, Horse 
Creek on the Salmon River and Twelve Mile Creek. 

I always enjoyed working with my family on our 
ranch. Summers were always spent haying and doing 
other chores such as milking, feeding, and changing 
the notorious sprinkler pipe. We lived near the 
Salmon airport and most summer mornings we were 

awakened by the Forest Service "bombers" taking 
off to fight forest fires. 

In high school I was involved in sports playing both 
football and basketball. During my high school years 
I began training as a river guide on the Salmon and 
Colorado Rivers. My senior year I began worked for 
the Idaho Fish and Game Department. 

After high school, I attended Rick's College for two 
semesters and then returned to Salmon to work as a 
river guide. In 1978 I was called to serve a mission 
for the L.D.S. Church in Bangkok, Thailand. I spent 
two wonderful years in Thailand learning to speak 
Thai and serving the people there. After returning 
from Thailand, I returned to Ricks College and 
finished my degree in accounting. 

There I met the love of my life, Lisa Bateman, and 
we were married in September 1982. I attended 
Brigham Young University and finished a bachelors 
degree in Agricultural Economics. 

In 1984 we moved to Anchorage, Alaska where we 
lived for four years. I worked as an accountant 
there. Alaska was an exciting and fun place to live. I 
have many fond memories of fishing and camping on 
the Kenai Peninsula. Two of our sons were born in 
Alaska: Zachary July 20, 1984 and Jessie September 
29, 1986. 


We returned to the "lower forty eight" in 1988 
where I decided to pursue a graduate degree in 
Land-Use Planning. I was employed full-time at 
Brigham Young University at their Agricultural 
Experiment Station while I finished my Masters. 

Our third son, Justin, was born November 18, 
1989. We enjoyed living in Salem, Utah but now 
reside in Moab, Utah where I work for the State of 
Utah. We look forward to the time when we can 
return to Lemhi County - one of my favorite places! 

— Jan Kurtis Pa rm enter 

BACK ROW: Jeffrey and Marsha Parmenter MIDDLE ROW: Marc 
and Brian FRONT ROW: Megan, Jared, and Brittany 

Jeffrey and Marsha Johnson Parmenter 

I deeply appreciate the serenity of the Salmon 
River Valley. I was born February 17, 1953 to Jack 
and Shirley Parmenter. My parents were running a 
small ranch up Carmen Creek. The ranch belonged 
to my grandfather. I have memories of the log house 
and the wooden bridge suspended across the creek 
on the path to the "outhouse." There were corrals 
and granaries where a youngster such as myself 
could find a myriad of magical implements. My 
grandfather was a master blacksmith and his tools 
hung there on the walls. There were bellows, tongs, 
hammers, and a number of rusting objects which 
hung among the harnesses, saddles, and bridles. 

Horse drawn buckrakes and mowers were still in 
use then. I remember we put hay up loose, using a 
Jackson Fork. Dad would pitch hay on the horse 
drawn wagon by hand and the load would be picked 
up by the fork and dropped on the stack. There was 
an abundance of rattlesnakes and when dad yelled 
for us to "not move" we stood very still while he 
chased the malevolent serpent through the stubble 
with his pitchfork. The ranch up carmen Creek had 
the fields on a plateau and most farming was done 
on the hillside. 

When I was two or three years old, dad bought the 
only farm that could be watered from both the 
Lemhi and Salmon Rivers. It is a beautiful little ranch 
which overlooks Salmon Valley. At night Salmon 
looks like a pirate's treasure chest of sparkling gems. 
We put up a lot of hay and grain and dad kept a 
herd of black angus cows. 

Breakdowns of equipment were handled with 
ingenuity. The old forges and bellows came out. 
Shafts, pins, and gears were heated, welded and 
tempered. The new piece performed as well as a 
factory piece. Dad could solve any problem that 
came up or replace almost any broken piece of 

My brothers and I were best friends. We spent 
most of our time together. We loved hiking through 
the hills east of us where we found a lot of different 
caves. One day we came upon a baby antelope lying 
very still under some sagebrush. His mother came 
galloping towards him and we walked cautiously 
away from the calf without disturbing him. 

When I reached age nineteen, I received a call to 
serve a mission in French Polynesia for the L.D.S. 
Church. I found myself deep in the South Pacific on 
the Island of Tahiti. After living in the arrid and bitter 
cold of Idaho, I felt I had fallen into the Garden of 
Eden. In Tahiti fruits and vegetables grow wild. I was 
charmed by the black and white sandy beaches, the 
turquoise lagoons and the amiable natives. 

When I returned to Salmon, my brother, David, got 
me a job with a company that takes float trips down 
the Salmon. I learned to read the water, memorize 
rapids, identify rocks and all the things a guide must 
know. I also ran on the Middlefork and Colorado 
Rivers. I learned to use sweepboats, like the 
oldtimers, oar boats and J-Rigs. 

I learned more about Idaho's history on the river 
than from a book. I came to know and love Johnny 
McKay, Polly Bemis, Andy the Russian, and had the 
opportunity to hear Buckskin Bill tell stories aobut 
his life as a hermit on the river. I saw his guns, his 
fort, and his home while he was alive. 

I attended Rick's College for one semester and 
BYU for three years. I taught Tahitian and French at 
the Language Training Mission for two years. 

I met my wife, Marsha Johnson, in 1975 in 
Salmon. We were married in the Idaho Falls Temple 


and our children are: Jared, Brian, Marc, Megan and 
Brittany. I work as a Senior Manufacturing Engineer 
at Teleflex Defense Systems in Spanish Fork, Utah. 
We manufacture weapons delivery systems for the 
government, most notably the TOW missile launcher 
for the Bradley fighting vehicle and the BRU 32/A 
missile launcher for the F-18 Hornet. My work has 
taken me all over the United States and to Korea 
and Taiwan. 

My children have grown up in Utah but they still 
love to visit Salmon because that's where my roots 
are. I still picture the valley, mountains and river. I 
treasure my memories of Salmon. 

— Jeffrey Farm enter 

Jan and Lisa Parmenter 

Layne and Andra Howard Parmenter 

No matter how far I travel or go in this life or no 
matter what I do, one thing's certain: the Salmon 
River Valley will always be home in my heart. It's the 
place where I was born, grew up, roamed the hills as 
a kid, played basketball, football, ran track, listened 
to and learned 10,000 lessons, felt love, talked and 
laughed around the dinner table, rode ponies, walked 
the two miles from the highway to our house every 
day for years, floated the Salmon River, and learned 
to love and live. 

A lot of my memories of Salmon have been 
reduced to bits and pieces, but I still peer back in 
my mind and see the old sawmill where my dad 
worked and remember going over there late at night 
and crawling inside the big burner and sharing a 
sandwich and a drink of milk. I remember ice skating 
with my brothers at night in the winter on the ditch 
that ran by our house. We'd play hide-and-go-seek 
until we were too tired to skate another inch. I rode 
horses across the hills and fields by my family's 
farm. I bucked bales by the trillions, rode the old 
yellow school buses, fed cows, and learned how to 
stack bales. I remember the sweet anticipation of 
riding in the back of our old car up to the hot 
springs and looking out the window, hoping with all 
my might to see the row of poplar trees that 
signaled we were almost there. It felt good to dive 
off into the warm water and play "shark" with the 
other kids, then drag ourselves out a couple of hours 
later, exhausted, to have a weiner roast. 

And while I have a lot of memories of the places 
around Salmon, the thing that remains clearest for 
me is the people. Their names still rattle around in 
my head and every now and again I hear so-and-so 
died, or she got married, he went into the service, 
and sombody retired. So many people are an 
inextricable part of the fiber of my life; the ghosts of 
the people they were five and ten years ago are still 
with me, talk to me, influence me. I still hear Wynn 
Stokes, in his calm voice, telling his football players, 
"Move around you're killing the grass!" Or Wayne 
Holbrook in Algebra: "This problem is no lead pipe 
cinch." Perhaps the most important thing about the 
people in Salmon is that I sensed many of them 
cared about other people. Lois Gwartney and Kay 
Stone had a twinkle in their eye and I remember 
feeling protected in their presence. Dean Stokes had 
the gift of demanding his athletes' best - he wouldn't 
tolerate any less. I still remember him shouting after 
a three hour practice, "On the lines!" And we'd run 
wind sprints. Just one more and just one more and 
just one more until I could have sworn I didn't have 
anything left in me and somehow I'd find I could 
keep going. Since I left Salmon, I've gone to 
college, been on a mission to Italy and Switzerland 
for the L.D.S. church, taught English and Spanish, 
coached — still I have a tendency to want to say 
"Move around, you're killing the grass," even when 
I'm in a gym. Or "This problem's no lead pipe 
cinch," even though I teach English. I'm married 
now and have two beautiful daughters, Vanessa and 
Chelsea. My wife, Andra. and I like to bring them 
back to Salmon every now and again to visit 
grandma and grandpa. We go for walks down the 
lane where I used to catch the bus. We visit the 
graveyard and look out across the valley on foggy 
mornings and I try to explain what it was like for me 
to grow up in Salmon. Someday they will understand 


how I feel, if they grow up in a place where people 

I guess a place is only as important as the people 
who live there, and it seems as I grew up that 
Salmon, Idaho was the center of the universe. 
Maybe in a way it was, because its people are the 
best I know of anywhere. 

A hundred years from now my grave will be up in 
the cemetery overlooking the valley and the river — I 
hope somewhere close to friends and family and I'll 
know that some of my most precious times were 
spent here among the finest folk and in one of the 
best places ^ earth. 

— Layne Parmenter 

Layne and Andra Parmenter with their daughters, Chelsea and 

Ralph and Helen Whiting Parmenter 

Ralph Edgar Parmenter was born May 5, 1916 at 
Solo, Missouri. His parents were Walter Curk and 
Mary Christina West Parmenter. Ralph spent his 
childhood and school years in Lennox, Iowa. He 
moved to Lemhi County when he was sixteen years 
old. The depression was in full swing and times were 
hard for everyone. Ralph worked at whatever he 
could to make money to help the family. He worked 
in the timber and helped on the farms. 

He married Helen Ruth Whiting June 6, 1940. 
Helen was born July 10, 1917 in Chrystal, Idaho to 
Ralph A. and Katheryne Irene Snyder Whiting. Helen 
went to school at the Central School for three years 
and to the Whiting school five years. After finishing 
the eighth grade she went to McCammon, Idaho to 
start High School. Helen moved to Lemhi County 
when she was fifteen years old. The Whiting family 
moved to Salmon a couple of weeks after the 
Parmenters arrived there. 

Helen graduated from Salmon High School with 
the class of '37. The first year after Ralph and Helen 
were married, Ralph worked for a farmer. Then they 
moved to Montana and later to Washington. They 
moved back to Salmon in 1948 and bought a small 
acreage on the Lemhi River. Ralph drove duel tanker 
for Harold Havens for six and a half years. After he 
quit driving tanker, Ralph began working in the 
timber on Carmen Creek and Hayden Creek. He 
worked at this until 1959 when they moved to 

Ralph and Helen had one son. Kirk, born to them. 
They were unable to have more children of their 
own, so they adopted Kenneth Orin and later, 
Christina Helen, who was a Shoshone Indian. 

Kirk married Katherine Kington. They had three 
children: Mike, Mary and Victor. They were divorced 
and Kirk married Donna Savage. Donna had three 
children: Debbie, Connie, and David. Kirk and Donna 
are the parents of Christy and Kelly. 

Kenneth married Sandra Paul and their children 
are Tracy and Clint. Christina married Victor 

— Ralph and Helen Parmenter 

Ralph and Helen Parmenter 

Walter and Mary West Parmenter 

Walt Parmenter was unique. He always had a 
sense of humor and could laugh at any situation, no 
matter how serious it seemed at the moment. He 
was always champion of the "underdog", and helped 
anyone who seemed in need. 

Walt and his friends exchanged practical jokes. 
One day he drove seventeen miles to visit a friend. 
The friend wasn't home so he took hammer and 
nails and nailed his screen door shut. Another day 
the friend met him at the root beer stand and while 
they talked this same friend quietly paid him back 


Mary Christina West and Walter Curk Parmenter 

Walt was always handy with mechanics. He could 
fix any engine and make it run. He tinkered with 
machinery of all kinds and was a skilled blacksmith. 
During the thirties he worked in the C.C.C. Camp. 

Walter and the family lived up Kirtley Creek for a 
few years and later he purchased a ranch up 
Carmen Creek. He never remarried and raised the 
rest of the children alone. After his last daughter 
married, he lived alone. He kept active the rest of 
his life, working in the timber and helping others. On 
the last day of his life. June 30, 1971, he went 
fishing and died in his sleep that night. 

— Jack and Shirley Parmenter 
Walter Jackson and Shirley Whitehead 

for his practical joke by lifting Walt's gallon of root 
beer from the back seat. Walt drove home without 

Walter Curk Parmenter was born in 1889 in Texas 
County, Missouri to John Franklin Parmenter and 
Laura Belle Ferguson. His Parmenter grandparents 
came from England and the Scotch Irish Fergusons 
were early settlers in Tennessee, moving to Missouri 
after the Civil War. 

Walter married his childhood sweetheart, Mary 
Christina West, April 2, 1909. in Texas County, 
Missouri. Tina was born in 1889 to Benjamin Ryker 
West and Sarah Elizabeth Herndon. They lived on 
neighboring farms and went to the same school 
where Tina's aunt, Marie Herndon, taught them. 
Tina's grandparents came to Texas County, Missouri 
after the Civil War, from North Carolina, and 

Tina and Walt moved to Iowa about 1919 where 
Walt managed a large farm for the McGreer 
brothers. Their ten children were born in Missouri 
and Iowa. They were Frank, Ralph, Ruby, Lavora, 
Jack, Don, Bertha, Joan, Jeanie, and Dean. In 1933 
they moved to Lemhi County, Idaho. 

The effects of the depression were still being felt 
and times were extremely hard for the next few 
years. Tina cooked and baked and gave her family 
the best she could, but sometimes there wasn't even 
ten cents to buy a can of baking powder. She was a 
good cook and always raised a good garden and 
managed well with what little she had in those post 
depression years. She carded her own wool to make 
quilts for the family and a great luxury to her was 
her sewing machine. 

Walt and Tina joined the L.D.S. Church in Iowa. 
Tina loved Relief Society and attending church. It 
was a terrible shock to her family in July 1938 when 
she passed away unexpectedly after surgery in 
Hamilton, Montana, leaving most of her family still at 
home. Walter was left to raise the children alone. 

Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn had nothing on 
Jack Parmenter and his younger brother, Don. Their 
youthful days were filled with the joys of fishing and 
swimming in the Platte River in Iowa, using the back 
of their Shetland pony as the diving board. A well 
deserved spanking usually awaited them if they were 
gone too long. 

Walter Jackson Parmenter was born August 13, 
1920 in Red Oak, Iowa to Walter Curk Parmenter 
and Mary Christina West. He was eleven when the 
family moved from Iowa to Salmon. The trip west 
was one long camping trip for the boys. They slept 
under the stars and were fascinated by the rocky 
mountains. Adventures continued as the boys 
panned for gold, scoured the hills for arrow heads 
on Kirtley Creek, and swam in the Salmon River. 

Jack attended school at Kirtley Creek and Salmon. 
When he was eighteen his mother died leaving seven 
children still at home. Jack worked on ranches here 
and in Horse Prairie during his summers. He enlisted 
in the army in January 1940, spent a year in 
California and served forty eight months in 
Anchorage, Alaska where he was in charge of a five 
hundred man dining hall. Jack was training in Texas 
for combat when the War ended. 

After the War Jack worked with his uncle, Al 
Parmenter, in the dry cleaning business in Spokane, 
Washington. There he went to school to become a 
pilot. He had passed all the courses and lacked only 
flying time to obtain his commercial pilot's license 
when he returned to Salmon. 

On a trip home he met Shirley Whitehead and 
they dated for over a year. They were married 
September 28, 1950 in the Idaho Falls Temple. The 
desire to farm was still in Jack's blood so they 
leased his dad's ranch on Carmen Creek. 

Shirley was born July 26, 1931 in Virginia, Idaho, 
the daughter of Newell and Lula Homer Whitehead. 
She came to Salmon when she was three and grew 
up on their family farm on South St. Charles. 


Shirley and Jack Parmenter 

Summer work included washing with the wringer 
washer, weeding the garden, chasing blackbirds from 
the cornpatch, driving the derrick team, and 
tromping hay on the wagon as it was gathered in the 
fields. The old swimming hole provided welcome 
relief on hot afternoons. Shirley rode her horse or 
walked the two miles to town to pick up the mail 
and run errands. Evenings were spent reading by the 
coal oil lamp. With the advent of electricity came 
radio and the delightfully entertaining episodes of 
Fiber Magee and Molly and Henry Aldrich. 

Shirley began to give readings and character 
imitations when she was in sixth grade. She loved 
music, being in plays and writing in High School. 
After graduating as Salutatorian of her class in 1949, 
she worked for Garrett Freight Lines and J.C. 
Pennys', saving her money for college. She swapped 
her "college dreams" to become wife and mother. 

Three children were born to Jack and Shirley while 
they lived on Carmen Creek - David, Jeffrey, and 
Kelly, who died in 1955. They purchased the 
Mylander place in 1956. The house was old and 
delapidated but they patched, papered, painted and 
rolled out new linoleum on the floor. There was no 
power, no phone, and no bathroom. Three more 
children were added to the family there, Layne, Jan 

and Michelle. With no television or telephone to 
distract, after the chores were done, most evenings 
were spent reading aloud together. Jack worked 
nights at the mill to help pay off the mortgage. 

After Jack's dad died they moved the old Carmen 
Creek School House from the fork of the road to 
their new location and finished remodeling it into 
their new home. 

Shirley began researching family history when the 
children were small and spent thirty-five years 
piecing together Jack's "roots". In 1964 she 
compiled and published a history of her Swedish 
grandmother's family. In 1966 she became Branch 
Librarian in the Family History Library. Helping 
others to find their ancestors has been an 
interesting and exciting part of her life. 

Jack's calm, warm and caring personality has 
endeared him to everyone, especially his own 
grandchildren and nieces and nephews. He always 
has time for them. He loves to build from his scrap 
metal pile. Jack and Shirley joke about whether his 
scrap metal pile is bigger than her pile of scrap 
materials that she uses to make bright, colorful 
quilts. Their home resembles a hotel at times, 
overflowing with friends and relatives. 

Their children are the greatest joy of their lives 
and they've tried to teach them the value of hard 
work. The four boys became Eagle Scouts and 
served L.D.S. Missions in Venezuela, Tahiti, Italy and 
Thailand. All five children attended college and are 
now married and have families of their own. Michelle 
settled on a career as housewife and mother. 
Eighteen grandchildren provide the icing on the cake 
for the Parmenters. 

— Jack and Shirley Parmenter 
James Arnold and Nita Scott Parmer 

We moved to Salmon, Idaho in 1967. Jim went 
first to manage Salmon Auto Parts, Inc. for Key Line 
Automotive Warehouse in Idaho Falls, Idaho. The 
boys and I moved here in May because we were 
homesick for our dad and husband. 

After many hours of hard work the store opened 
for business on March 15, 1967. It was located at 
115 Andrews Street. The good people of Salmon 
supported us well and in 1974 we purchased it. Our 
business continued to grow and in March of 1980 we 
added a full machine shop - a valuable addition to 
the patrons in Salmon. Those we employed who 
moved on to other opportunities were: Richard 
Hunter, Tom Walrath, Jim Netland, Jerry Paul, Mike 
Bullock, Sherry Jones, Jo Ann Beers, and Betty 
Winters. Donald C. Hill, Randall L. Parmer, James Z. 
Parmer, James A. and I (Nita) Parmer, were working 
when we sold the store to Muffler Warehouse Inc. of 
Pocatello, Idaho on April 24, 1989. 


Rental houses were not plentiful and we lived in 
three before we were able to purchase our present 
home at 626 Lemhi Avenue. Now we are buying the 
L. Grace Wenzig property next door. Our home was 
great because each of the boys had their own 
bedroom: Larry Shane was in the basement and 
Randy and James were upstairs. 

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints 
plays an important part in our life. Jim was Bishop of 
the Salmon Second Ward from 1972 to 1979. He 
served on the High Council until 1979 when he was 
called to be first Counselor in the Stake Presidency. 
Jim was released in 1989 and now serves as 
executive Secretary. I have served as Relief Society 
President, Counselor in the Primary, and the young 
women program. 

Larry Shane got his GED and attended Boise State 
University where he received his degree in 
Horticulture. He married Kelly Jakovac but they 
were divorced in 1989. He received an Automotive 
Mechanics Certificate from Boise State. 

Randall Lane graduated from Salmon High School 
in 1975. He attended Ricks College the fall quarter, 
then on April 8, 1976, he received his call to fill an 
L.D.S. Mission to Tokyo, Japan. He went to work for 
his dad at Salmon Auto Parts and then attended 
B.Y.U at Provo, where he met his future bride, 
Jocelyn Parker. They were married August 2, 1979 
in the Idaho Falls Temple and they presented us with 
our first "daughter." They have five children: 
Michael Lane, Trenton Drew, Crystalee, Juliana, and 
Nathan DeRay. When we sold the store. Randy went 
to computer school and he is now employed by 
Word Perfect Corp. in Orem, Utah. They are 
presently living in American Fork, Utah. 

James Zane graduated from Salmon High School 
in 1976. Then he attended Ricks College at Rexburg, 
Idaho for two and a half years before he could go on 
his mission - because of a health problem. It was 
overcome and he was called to the Toulouse France 
mission on March 8, 1979. He returned home to 
work for Auto Parts. Lynda Welch, a special young 
woman from Salmon, captured his heart and they 
were married in the Idaho Falls Temple August 28, 
1981. They have two boys, James Golden and 
Zackery Scott, and a girl, Jourdan Alyas. James is 
attending Utah State University at Logan where he is 
majoring in Physcial Therapy. He has gained a 4.0 
GPA and was nominated to be Vice-President of the 
Honor Society. 

— Nita Parmer 



Arthur and Peggy Benham Parsons 

Arthur L. Parsons was born in Kansas on May 27, 
1905. He grew up and received his education at 
Elmdale, Kansas. He enjoyed music, especially good 
country music, and sports. Art was a member of the 
glee club, and played the violin in the high school 
orchestra. He also was on the track and baseball 

Art came to Salmon in February 1929, to visit his 
sisters, Emma Davis and Florence Parsons. He 
obtained a summer job working for Charley Norton, 
the jeweler, on Mr. Norton's ranch north of Salmon. 

In November, Art returned to Kansas, but said it 
"didn't look the same." He returned to Salmon, and 
worked for Mr. Norton the next three summers, 
working at various odd jobs during the winter 

Art married Peggy Benham on June 11, 1933. To 
this union, two daughters were born: Martha, (Mrs. 
Frank Sorenson of Great Falls, Montana) and Mary, 
of Idaho Falls, Idaho. 

Mr. Norton hired Art full time, as foreman on his 
ranch and Peggy cooked for the hired men. This 
arrangement lasted four years. Then Art decided 
he'd like to work for himself. 


rOM. asnuCMOHia suvicx to nxrm 

James A^cvrmar 

Arthur and Peggy Parsons 


Art and Peggy moved to the Boise Valley in the 
spring of 1938, buying forty acres of land. The desire 
to get home was too great, so they sold their 
holdings there and returned to Salmon, purchasing 
the south eighty acres of the old Harry Summers 
ranch. (Where Bob and Doris Morton now reside.) It 
was there that they started their dairy herd. 

The next move was to a small ranch, about two 
miles east of Salmon. Art was offered a small job of 
clerking, bookkeeping, or whatever turned up at the 
Stock Yards just across the road. This was the job 
he worked at for the next thirty years, along with 
farming and dairying. Peggy also took an office job 
at the Sales Yard to help Art. They clerked and 
cashiered sales all over Lemhi and Custer County - 
even into Montana. 

The Parsons did more buying and selling of 
ranches, and in 1960, bought the north eighty acres 
of the old Harry Summers ranch. They eventually 
sold the north sixty acres of that parcel. 

Art said "this is a good place to retire" as it was 
part way between the "Old Folks Home" and the 
"Cemetery." Arthur passed away at his home, on 
March 18, 1988. Peggy continues to reside in 

— Peggy Parsons 

Fred and Phoebe Pattee 

Frederick Benjamin Pattee was born September 1, 
1875. His mother was Henrietta Springer Pattee. His 
father, Joseph Benjamin Pattee, was the last fur 
factor for the American Fur Company at Fort Hall. 
Fred was born at the family ranch home at the 
mouth of Pattee Creek. Mrs. Emma Yearian was one 
of his teachers and she boarded at their house. 

Phoebe Chantry Snook was born May 22, 1884, at 
her family's home at Seventeen Mile where 
Swanson's now live. Her parents were John Wals and 
Emily Ellis Snook. Emily's father, George Ellis, settled 
the ranch at Ellis, named for him. When Phoebe was 
sixteen years old, Fred proposed to her but her 
father wouldn't let her marry that young. He sent 
her East to Quincy, Illinois, to a business school. 
What she learned there was practiced all her life. 
She was a good business woman. When she was 
nineteen, she and Fred were married on June 17, 
1903. To this union three children were born. 
Joseph John arrived in 1911 and only lived twenty 
two months. On December 8, 1914, Paul Frederick 
arrived; and on April 28, 1919, they had their only 
daughter, Gladys Margaret (Mrs. Edgar Whitson 

In the meantime, Fred and Phoebe bought his 
folks' ranch; and a few years later, they purchased 

the "Bar" ranch on the hill above them from the 
Carrol brothers. They ran around one hundred head 
of cattle and put up hay and grain. The Tendoy 
Store was part of their property and they rented it 
to Ray Pierce for many years. 

Fred and his brother, Joe, were partners in the 
ranching business for over fifty years. Joe was 
married to Beth Ball and they had Just the one 
daughter, Betty Jo. 

Fred was killed by a drunken driver on November 
19, 1955, and Phoebe passed away on March 4, 
1969. They had celebrated their fiftieth wedding 
anniversary on June 17, 1953. 

— Gladys Smith 

THURSDAY, JUNE 25, 1953 

Fred and Phoebe Pattee 

Joseph Benjamin Pattee 

Joseph Benjamin Pattee was born in upper New 
York on September 20, 1828, and died August 13, 
1904, at Springfield, Idaho. He was first married to a 
French Canadian woman named Payette. They lived 
at Fort Hall where he was the last fur factor for the 
American Fur Company. After the Company 
dissolved, he ran it for several years by himself. He 
then moved to Raft River. It was there his wife 


became ill and died. At the time of the death, his 
daughter Lizzie and her husband were visiting her 
cousin, Julia Payette, and he sent word to her to 
return. Lizzie was crossing the Raft River on her 
horse when he stumbled and she drowned. She and 
her mother were buried in the same grave. 

Mr. Pattee drove all his horses and cattle to Grant, 
Montana, and spent the winter with his friend Mart 
Barrett. The next Spring he moved to the D.C. Bar in 
Lemhi County and stayed with a Frenchman a few 
months. He then homesteaded the ranch at Lemhi, 
later known as the Yearian Ranch. He sold it to 
them in 1872 when he moved down to the center of 
the valley at what was later known as Tendoy. 

He married Henrietta Springer in 1872. Henrietta 
was born in Germany on December 22, 1847 and 
passed away in Salmon, Idaho, on May 27, 1933. 
Her parents were killed on the ship when they were 
immigrating to the U.S. She was adopted by a Mr. 
and Mrs. Stephenson and brought to Junction near 
Leadore. When she was a young woman, she went 
with Mr. Stephenson over to the Horse Prairie with 
vegetables to sell to the miners. She was raped and 
eventually bore a daughter named Annie. The man 
later came to Leadore looking for her and Mr. 
Stephenson shot and killed him. Later Henrietta 
married a man named Smith — her son William was 
the first white baby born in Lemhi County. He was 
later Treasurer in Salmon. His father was later killed 
in a gun battle in Salmon. She then married Mr. 
Pattee in 1872. To this union four children were 
born: Idaho Pattee, who was the mother of Doyle 
and Lysle Mulkey; Fred Pattee, father of Joe, Paul, 
and Gladys; Joseph Pattee, father of Betty Jo; and 
Ella Pattee, who had one daughter. Babe Blair. 

Sons Joe and Fred bought the ranch from him and 
operated it as partners for over fifty years. 

— Gladys Smith 
William and Lillian Sullivan Paul 

and put it on Lilly and it fit like a bracelet. Six weeks 
later they put her first clothes on her and she was 
still so tiny she fainted from the weight of the 

Before they were married. Will drove a freight 
team from the Red Bird Mine, west of Clayton, up 
Squaw Creek, to the Clayton smelter. The road 
down the side of the mountain was really steep. His 
wheel horse got nervous coming down with a load 
and was hopping around. Will thought his whole 
outfit was going to roll down the grade, so he 
jumped. He had the brakes set on all three wagons. 
Will landed beside the rear wheel close enough that 
the dragging wheel caught him by the ear and pulled 
it out of his head. They never found his ear and he 
spent the rest of his life with a hole in his head. 

Both of Lilly's brothers, George and Will, spent the 
last twenty years of their lives in wheelchairs. They 
started a mercantile store in Clayton and one day 
George and his nephew, Wilmot, were trying to 
repair a light plant for the store. They tried to start 
the generator and it backfired and started a fire. By 
the time Wilmot got his uncle and his wheelchair out 
of the building it was burning badly. They rebuilt the 
store and when they both died within an hour of 
each other the following year, they had the business 
built up again. When Will and George died in 1924, 
they left their store to Lilly and Will, who took their 
family and moved to Clayton. 

Will and Lilly had four children. Two are still living. 
Rosemary lives in Jerome, Idaho and Wilmot lives in 
Clarkston, Washington. 

Will had a mail contract from Stanley to Robinson 
Bar, twenty six miles west of Stanley. He took his 
youngest son, Wilmot, with him. One trip was a nice 
sleigh ride going down and on the way back a snow 
slide hit them and slid one horse off the road, down 
a very steep bank. The horse was lying on her side 
with her back down hill. Will always told his son that 
if a horse lay that way very long they would die. The 
poor horse was still in the harness and hitched to 

William Burgess Paul was born in Virginia City, 
Nevada on April 14, 1878. Lilly Sullivan was born 
October 6, 1886 in Crystal, Idaho. They were 
married June 26, 1905. 

Will came to Stanley, Idaho in 1905 with his 
parents and built a home where the miners, 
freighters and other travelers would have a good 
meal and a place to rest. To this day the place is still 
known as "The Paul Place." 

Lilly Sullivan only weighed two and a half pounds 
when she was born. Mrs. Bill Sullivan was the 
midwife. She didn't think the baby would live so she 
wrapped her in cotton, put her in a shoe box and set 
her in the oven. She went back to take care of the 
mother and when she got back to the tiny baby, she 
was still living. Lilly's mother took her wedding band 

Lillian Sullivan Webb Paul, Rosemary, Johnnie B, William B, and 
Wilmot W. Paul 


the sled. Will was trying to get her unhitched and 
Wilmot was helping by standing there crying his eyes 
out. Will finally got the horse loose from the sled and 
rolled her over. She slid into the river feet first. Will 
called her and she waded up the river where the 
bank wasn't so steep and she could climb back on 
the road. Will put Wilmot on her back and he rode 
her all the way back to Robinson Bar. The horse was 
on the outside near the bank on a very narrow road, 
walking very near the edge and all Wilmot could see 
looking over the side was the water and he knew she 
was going to slip again with him on her. 

Will and Lilly ran the store until Will passed away 
on March 29, 1949. She then sold the store to Fred 
and Catherine Leuzinger. Lilly moved to Salmon to 
live with her son and family, Wilmot and Bernice 

Lilly passed away May 21, 1963. Both Will and Lilly 
are buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 

— Wilmot Paul 

Wilmot W. and Bernice Meredith Paul 

I was born August 11, 1912 in Clayton, Idaho. I 
was the last of four children born to William and 
Lillian Paul. 

My first grade in school is hard to believe. We lived 
on a ranch in upper Stanley seven miles away from 
the school. My brother, John, sister Rose, and I 
drove a pair of donkeys to and from school and 
were never late. Later we moved to town and were 
late several times. Upper and lower Stanley were 
fighting over which town would have the school. One 
week we'd go to upper and the next we'd go to 
lower Stanley. When we went to lower Stanley we 
had to walk two miles and with snow three feet 
deep, my brother and sister had to break trail for 
little short me. 

I finished the fifth grade there and we moved to 
Clayton where I finished the eighth grade. A couple 
of buddies and I decided we would go to Challis for 
High School, which was O.K. with our parents. We 
rented a one room cabin in Challis and the three of 
us moved in. I won't relate all that went on there but 
one thing stands out that must be told!! The 
minster's son was always hanging around being a 
pest and we couldn't get ride of him. One day we 
really got fed up so we stripped all his clothes off 
except his "long Johns" and put him out the door in 
the snow. He was standing there pounding on the 
door with people walking by. We finally let him in but 
that didn't keep him away. 

I played basketkball in High School. I was so ill my 
senior year with mastoiditis that I spent most of my 
time in the hospital and a hotel in Arco. I still 
graduated with my class. 

Wilmot and Bernice Paul 

After High School I ventured to Boise where I went 
to work for Morrison Knutson Construction. In the 
spring we moved all our equipment to Sunbeam Dam 
where we built ten miles of Highway 93. I spent the 
summer there, then went back to Challis and worked 
for Keysers Mercantile and ran Bill Stratton's 
projectors in the theater at night. In 1936, Bill 
Hanmer came looking for projectionists for Salmon 
and I worked with him in his old theater in the Hart 
(now Herndon) Block, until he built the Main 
Theater, which later burned down. 

Next I worked for Rocky Mountain Creamery, for 
Leon Eldredge, gathering milk for making cheese. I 
had a different route everyday. One was up the 
Pahsimeroi River to Patterson, back down the back 
road and that is where I had an encounter with an 
eagle. It was lambing time and the eagle had gorged 
himself until he couldn't fly. I got out of the truck to 
get a closer look at him. When he got close, I kicked 
at him with my boot and he clamped one talon on 
the toe and the other one on my leg at the top of 
my boot. There wasn't a rock or stick to defend 
myself with! All I could do was try to stomp his head 
with the other foot. After several tries I finally hit 
him and got away from those terrible talons. They 


were about five inches from front toe to the back 

Renabelle Eldredge and I were married July 20, 
1937 in Challis. We had two children, Mona, born 
July 7, 1938, and Jerry November 4, 1941. Both 
were born in Salmon. We were later divorced. 

I went into the service and served in World War II. 
When I got back to the States, I was discharged at 
Fort Lewis, Washington. 

Bernice Riddle Meredith and I were married 
January 26, 1946 in Salt Lake City. Along with my 
wife and two boys, Gerald, born May 19, 1936, and 
Gene, born March 14, 1938, we moved to Big 
Timber, Montana. Not for long though. In the fall of 
1946 we moved back to Salmon. I worked for a 
private contractor for a while, then I went to work 
for McPhersons. 

On August 25, 1947 our beautiful baby daughter, 
Judy, was born in Salmon. Bernice and I worked in 
several places while living in Salmon. After 
McPhersons, I worked for the State Highway 
Department, then I was Deputy Sheriff for Jim Egge, 
then I worked at the Post Office with Bill Hanmer. 
Bernice worked at Jimmies Cafe (located where 
Colvins is now), the LaMar Club (across from the 
Airport), the Liquor Store with Cassie Christensen, 
Idaho First National Bank and she was the first 
female Deputy Sheriff in the State of Idaho under 
Jim Egge. 

We bought a motel in Arizona in 1959 and both 
kept working. I worked at Williams Air Force Base in 
the Defense Department and Bernice in the Bank. I 
retired and we bought fourteen acres in Oregon. 
Bernice still worked at Harry and Davidison, and I 
drove school bus for five years. 

We finally really did retire in 1990 when we moved 
to Clarkston, Washington in an apartment with not 
even a window box!!! 

— Wilmot Paul 
Garry and Peggy Woods Pedrow 

Garry Lee Pedrow was born February 14, 1945 in 
Butler, Missouri to Leonard and Wilma Pedrow. 
There were five children: Kay, Garry, Gordon, 
Richard, and Pat. 

Wilma and Leonard Pedrow raised their family and 
lived in Butler until 1960, when they moved to Filer, 
Idaho. They ran a laundromat, raised cows, and did 
custom farming in which all of the boys helped. 
Wilma and Leonard are now retired. 

Peggy Ann Woods was born September 28, 1944 
in Brooklyn, New York to Edwin and Alyce Woods. 
Edwin was in the Navy at the time and several years 
later moved to Twin Falls, Idaho. The Woods had 
seven children: Peggy, Steve, Sue, Jim, Bob, Kathy 
and Terry. After retirement from the Navy, Edwin 

worked for United Air Lines. About fifteen years 
later, United moved out of Twin Falls and Edwin 
went to work for the city as the City Engineer until 
his death in 1983. Alyce was a nurse and mother all 
of her life until her retirement in 1990. 

Garry and Peggy were married November 27, 
1964 in Filer, Idaho. After Garry's graduation from 
Boise State College with a degree in carpentry, 
Garry and Peggy and their new little daughter, Janet, 
born November 6, 1965, they headed for California. 
Garry began working for a Propane Company and 
Peggy began her banking career. In 1965, in the 
early hours of May 4th, Kevan was born. Garry and 
Peggy decided to raise their children in a less hectic 
pace, so they moved back to Jerome, Idaho and 
lived for twenty five years. Their last son, Jeffrey, 
was born on December 4, 1971. Garry continued to 
work for the Propane company, until he retired in 
1984 after twenty years of service. Garry went into 
construction work until moving to Salmon. Garry and 
the two boys have always enjoyed fishing and 
hunting down on the Salmon River. 

Peggy worked at the West One Bank as a teller, 
then went to work for the City of Jerome as a 
computer operator, until coming to Salmon. 

All three Pedrow children are now grown up. Janet 
is married, has one child, and works in the lab for a 
cheese factory in Jerome. Kevan has graduated and 
is going to College part-time. Jeff also graduated and 
is attending College of Southern Idaho. They all 
enjoy the outdoors and especially the beautiful area 

Peggy and Garry Pedrow 


up here. 

On January 1, 1990, Garry and Peggy moved to 
the Salmon River to the Shoup Store which they 
purchased in March 1989. Garry and Peggy were 
fulfilling a dream and loved the fact that nothing 
modern had touched this store. There were still the 
old hand-crank telephone, the old gas pumps from 
the 1920's and the old Pelton wheel that produces 
all the power for the store and cabins. The Pedrow's 
have remodeled the store and cabins, but they still 
look very rustic. Their momentous moment was 
when the old hand crank telephone line was cut and 
replaced with a new modern touchtone system. It 
was a sad, yet happy day as some history was lost. 
Time goes and things change, but the history and its 
people will always be remembered. 

— Garry and Peggy Pedro w 

Ralph and Edith Dean Pehrson 

Ralph and Edith Dean, and Karyn Patrice Pehrson 
arrived in Simon in February 1962. Alan Dean joined 
them June 27, 1963 and Leanne was born October 
24, 1964. Ralph came to Salmon as a Conservation 
Officer for the Fish and Game. In August of 1962 he 
became a Big Game Biologist, which meant he 
enjoyed being a passenger and photographer of 
many helicopter trips over the valley taking pictures 
of wild game. 

The family enjoyed the Salmon River, the 
Bitterroot Mountains and the many friends they 
made while living on Hope Street. 

Edith taught fourth grade for the 1966-67 school 
year. Karyn started first grade but was advanced to 
second grade after one week, and Edith taught the 
"best fifth grade ever" in 1968-69. The family 
moved to Boise in August 1969. 

— Edith Pehrson 

Ralph and Edith Pehrson with Alan Dean, Karyn, and Leanne 

Carl and Vicki Pence with Corey and Shelli 

Carl and Vicki Lee Capps Pence 

Vicki Lee Capps was a Christmas baby! She was 
born December 25, 1945 to Martin and Almira 
Capps at Blackfoot, Idaho. The family moved to 
Salmon in 1946. Vicki graduated from Salmon High 
with the class of 1964. She won a trip to Chicago 
with 4-H achievements and attended the University 
of Idaho. She met Carl Pence at the University of 

Vicki and Carl were married July 9, 1966 at 
Salmon, Idaho. Fred Carl Pence was born September 
30, 1943 at Mackay, Idaho. He was the son of Tom 
and Eva Pence. He spent his early years at Mackay 
High School playing football. He worked on the 
yearbook and helped in the family grocery store at 
Mackay. Carl graduated with a B.S. in Forestry from 
the University of Idaho in June 1965. Forest 
assignments took him to the Cobalt district with 
later transfers to Bridgeport, Lehman Caves, 
Nevada, Unity, Oregon and Jackson Hole for twelve 
years. In 1987 he was promoted to area Ranger for 
the Sawtooth Recreation Area. He was a leader for 
4-H and was active in community affairs. 

Vicki started a cottage business while they lived in 
Jackson, Wyoming. She taught Tole painting and sold 
hand painted items. 


Their son, Corey, was born October 23, 1968. 
During grade and high school he was a Nordic cross 
country skiier. He ranked nationally on the U.S.S.A. 
Team and won scholarships to the University of 

Their son, Craig Travis, was born January 11, 
1972. He died the same day and was buried at 
Salmon, Idaho. Daughter, Shelli, was born December 
19, 1972. She is active with horses, both English and 
Western. She has won many trophies in 4-H and was 
Junior Princess of Jackson Hole. 

— Vicki Pence 

Ned and Molly Pepper 

In June 1950, Ned Pepper, his wife, Molly, and 
three sons. Earl, twelve years old, Don, eight, and 
Dennis, seven, came to Salmon from the Pocatello 
area. They moved to the Rattlesnake Creek Ranch 
purchased from Wheelock, Wheelock, and Cook. The 
following November, their daughter, Linda, was born 
and was welcomed by her parents and three older 

Their ranch was in a beautiful setting and 
something different could be seen from each 
window. The ranch supported one hundred and fifty 
head of Hereford cattle. 

The children had to meet the school bus at the 
Rattlesnake Creek Bridge, which was more than two 
miles from home. It was a chore to get them up and 
down the canyon in winter weather so they sold the 
ranch to Vern Kelsey. They moved into the Lev 
Benson house on the bar. This was their home until 
the deal was completed on the Twelve Mile Ranch, 
owned by Chauncey Stroud and his wife, Pearl. 

This ranch was a larger ranch and supported a 
herd of cows as well as hay and grain for sale. 
Running the ranch was a full time job for the entire 
family. Linda started at an early age to drive the 
jeep around the fields while her dad threw off the 
bales of hay for the cattle. She was so small she had 
to sit on a pillow to see out and she would turn off 
the ignition if she had to stop. 

Molly started to work at the cafe in town that is 
now Johnny B's. At that time it was owned by Lena 
Purvis, then Jim Clutis, then Ed Sargent. Wally 
Richardson was cooking at the time it sold again, so 
he bought it and operated it for quite some time. 
Molly worked as cook and waitress during most of 
the time the Richardsons owned it. Molly also 
worked at Williams Lake in the summer for Melvin 
and Leanne Melton. 

On one of the many trips to town, Molly had a flat 
tire on the car and was fixing it when a plane flew 
over really low. It landed on the highway, and Mike 
Loening stepped out, helped finish changing the tire 
and then took off down the highway and on to the 


Ned and Melton operated a guide service for 
parties going into the Selway hunting and met many 
interesting people. 

Ray Olsen took Ned and a Geiger Counter with 
him in his plane to fly over the Spring Creek area 
and see what they could find. Ray flew too low and 
was unable to gain altitude and the plane crashed. 
Both men walked away from the wreckage that was 
later hauled out in the back of a pickup. 

On March 14, 1964, Ned was killed in an 
automobile accident on his way home from town. 
His body was found by his wife, Molly. He had been 
dead several hours. It was not a good time for Molly 
as her father passed away three days later on March 
17th. Ned was buried the 18th and her father on the 

For the summer of 1964, Don Pepper and his wife, 
Aloha, ran the ranch. Their first son, Stephen, was 
born in May 1964. Don and his family moved to 
Long Beach, California in November 1964. Since 
then they have had two more sons, David and Alan. 

Molly and Linda stayed on in Salmon until they 
moved to Pocatello so Linda could go to college. She 
went to college and then moved back to Salmon to 
marry Jack Sorensen. 

Molly met Carl Williams and they were married in 
November 1971 and lived in the Snake River area 
until they moved to Salmon in March 1983, where 
they still reside. 

Earl, the oldest Pepper boy, works for the Bureau 
of Public Roads and he, his wife, Lucille, and two 
children, Kenny and Patty and one grandchild, reside 
in the Lewiston area. 

Don and his wife, the former Aloha Smith, and 
their three sons, live in the Long Beach area where 
he works for McDonnell Douglas Aircraft. 

Dennis married the former Gertrude Michelle 
Barrett and they had a son, Mark, and a daughter, 
Monica. They were later divorced. At the present 
time, Dennis is married to Dr. Patty Hugely Pepper. 
They live in Cooperstown, North Dakota. 

Linda and Jack Sorensen had a little girl, Treva, 
and later divorced. Linda is remarried to Erin Robie 
and they have a little boy, Ben. They are active in 
the Real Estate Business and own Lemhi Title 
Company in Salmon. 

Molly says "Salmon is a great place to raise a 
family and I can't think of a better place to live." 

— Molly Pepper Williams 

' .,L .. ••• I 


TllOS. IT)rK. Proprietor. 


Joseph J. and Wanda R. Gaver Pern 

Joseph was born in Butte, Montana February 15, 

1919. His mother was Mamie Sullivan Pern, born in 
County Cork, Ireland on January 18, 1891, and died 
in Salmon, Idaho in 1987. His father was Michael 
Pern who was born in Germany in 1885 and died in 
Mackay, Idaho 1927. 

When Joe was young, the family moved to Mackay 
and he grew up and graduated from high school 
there May 13, 1938. After his father died, Joe 
worked on ranches and put a year in the C.C.C's. 
His mother had five children and at that time there 
was no help for widow's and children, each one did 
what they could. 

Joe married Wanda Gaver May 27, 1939. They had 
six children. They came to Salmon in 1941. 

Wanda Gaver Pern was born near Salmon April 5, 

1920, daughter of Cady and Edna Bates Gaver. Her 
father was a miner and until she was eight years old, 
they moved to many different mining towns. She 
went to school in Salmon, Gilmore, and graduated 
from high school at Mackay, Idaho May 13, 1938. 

Joe and Wanda had six children: Janice, Kay, 
Sharron, Sue, Joe, and Christine. Janice Gay was 
born and died in 1940. 

Kay Joann was born August 1, 1941. She married 
Roger Miller in 1963 and they have two children, 
Richard (1967) and Dixie (1970). Richard married 
Theresa Johnson in 1989 and they have one child, 
Katrina, born in 1989. 

Sharron Ray was born November 7, 1942 and 
married Sandy Sims in 1961. They have four 
children: Patricia, born 1963, married Bill T. Burke in 
1987 and they have one child, Joseph, (born 1989); 
Steve, born 1966, married Karen Graham 1989 and 
they have one child Sandon, (born 1989); Eric, born 

BACK ROW: Sharron, Kay, & Wanda Sue MIDDLE ROW: Joseph Sr. 
and Wanda Pern FRONT ROW: Cristine and Joseph Jr. 

1969; Janice, born 1971. Sharron and Sandy 
divorced and she later married John Simmons in 
1977. John was killed in a logging accident in 1990. 

Wanda Sue, born November 24, 1944 married 
Melvin Jensen in 1961. They had three children: 
Melvin Jr., born 1962, married Lacey Penrod in 
1979. They have five children - Josh (1980), Jordan 
(1981), Sherrill (1984), Jared (1986), Cadie Sue 
(1989); Lanor, born 1963, married Allen Osterhout in 
1984 and they have one child, Melonie, (born 1990); 
Connie Sue Jensen was born 1973. Wanda Sue and 
Mel Sr. were divorced in 1976 and she later married 
Norbert DeRewal. They were also divorced. 

Joseph James Jr. was born October 15, 1950 and 
married Beverly Meeks 1988. They have one step 
daughter, Mirya Sikka. Christine May was born 
January 21, 1954 and married Charles Andrews in 
1971. They have two sons: E. Christopher, (born 
1972) and Jason R., (born 1975). 

At this time, Joe and Wanda's children, 
grandchildren and great grandchildren live in Idaho, 
except grandson, Mel Jensen and family, who live in 
Ruidoso, New Mexico. 

Joe and Wanda lived first in Mackay where worked 
on construction and the W.P.A. In 1941 they moved 
to Salmon and ran a small store and service station. 
In 1942 he went to work for the Ima mine and they 
moved to Patterson. In 1943 they moved back to 
Mackay and Joe helped with the construction of the 
gun range on the Arco desert. (Now called the 
I.N.E.L.) They moved from there to Oregon, 
California, and back to Mackay in 1944 when Joe 
Joined the Navy. Wanda moved back to Salmon 
while Joe was in the service. She bought the house 
on Washington Street in 1945, where they have lived 
and raised their family. Joe went to work for the 
State Highway in 1946 and retired in 1979. 

The family is very close and like their ancestors, 
holidays are for family and friends, with twenty to 
forty attending a dinner or party. 

— Wanda Pern 
Reverend George Hazard Perry IV 

Reverend Perry was born in Hopkinton, Rhode 
Island on October 11, 1859, a descendant of 
Commodore Oliver Perry of Lake Erie - famous in 
the War of 1812. He received his Bachelor of 
Theology from Yale University in 1886 and on July 
22, 1886 married Grace M. Parker in Manhattan, 
Kansas. Grace was born in Wyandotte, Kansas April 
4, 1863. Her father, a minister, was the founder of 
Kansas Agricultural College - the second college of 
its kind in the world. Both Mr. and Mrs. Perry were 
graduates of Washburn College. 

Reverend Perry served several churches before 
coming to First Congregational Church in Pocatello, 


Idaho in 1897. When he resigned that pastorate 
seven years later, the congregation had built a new 
church and gained ninety-seven new members. His 
salary had been $650.00 annually plus the use of the 

During the next five years, while he developed his 
own property in Pocatello, he also engaged in civil 

He returned to the ministry in 1908, becoming 
pastor of the Presbyterian Church in Salmon. This 
writer was told by early residents who knew him that 
"besides being a really good preacher, he played a 
great game of baseball and attracted some of his 
younger congregation that way." Reverend Perry 
died in Salmon September 24, 1911, from heart 
failure following typhoid fever, acquired from a 
supposedly safe spring while on a hunting trip. He 
was buried in Mountain View Cemetery in Pocatello, 
Idaho. Mrs. Perry, who often visited her daughter, 
Anna, in Salmon, lived some years in Pocatello, then 
in Portland, Oregon, where she died December 1, 

Besides two daughters, who died in infancy, the 
Perry's had four children: Anna Farrand born 
January 1, 1889 in Capioma, Kansas, married 
William Charles Smith August 7, 1912 in Pocatello, 
Idaho and died November 1932; George Hazard V 
born July 24, 1890, married Joy Crockett December 
28, 1926, and died March 2, 1978; Rachel Elisabeth 
born December 11, 1894, married Lyie N. Clark, and 
died in Portland, Oregon; and Roswell Parker born 
January 20, 1898, married Winifred Niemann of 
Salmon, Idaho in Seattle, Washington, and died April 

— Willa Smith 



Reverend George Hazard Perry, Minister 1st Presbyterian Church, 
Salmon, Idaho 19081911 

Jerry and Virginia Yakovac Perry 

My name is Virginia Pauline Yakovac Perry. I was 
born on May 21, 1941, in Salmon, Idaho. I was the 
first of four children born to Mathew John Yakovac 
and Evelyn Gladys White. In my sophomore year of 
high school, I came down with ulsertive colitis that I 
was to battle with for four years. 

In my senior year I started dating a wonderful 
young man, Jerry Arnold Perry. We were married 
September 25, 1959 in the United Methodist Church 
in Salmon, Idaho. Jerry was born April 19, 1943 in 
Rexburg, Idaho, the fifth of five children born to Earl 
Elmer and Julia Roberts Perry. Three months after 
we were married I became pregnant. This caused my 
ulsers to go on a rampage. I went into the hospital in 
Salmon, in May and was transferred to St. Patricks 
in Missoula in June. Our son, Johnny Lee Perry, was 
born July 19, 1960. He was two months premature 
and only lived four hours. I was extremely weak and 
weighed only seventy five pounds. It took about two 
months for me to build up my strength for an 
operation. In October the Doctors did an llliostomy 
on me and I have enjoyed good health from then on. 

In 1966 we started looking for a child to be ours 
forever and on October 8, 1966, a beautiful baby girl 
was born in Boise, Idaho. We named her Pauline Rae 
Perry and brought her home on October 14th. What 
a joy she brought into our lives !!! 

I worked with my mother catering dinners for a 
while, then she turned it over to me. I worked at this 
about three years. I still cook for large groups when 
there are forest fires on the Salmon National Forest. 

In 1973 we decided to build our own house. I drew 
up the plans and we practiced by building the garage 
first. It looked okay so we built the house in 1974- 
75, with a lot of help from my parents. 

On September 18, 1980, Jerry, Pauline and I 
joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day 
Saints. On our twenty fifth wedding anniversay, we 
renewed our marriage vows for time and eternity in 
the Idaho Falls Temple. 

Raising a daughter is wonderful but the inevitable 
will happen. Pauline dated Barry Richard Young in 
her senior year in high school and they were 
married on August 10, 1984 in Salmon, Idaho. Barry, 
born September 10, 1964 in Idaho Falls, was the 
third of five children born to Richard Margetts and 
Barbara Weaver Young. 

I had more time on my hands so I tried out for 
summer theater. I've done three plays and found the 
experience rewarding and fun. Jerry, who has 
worked in the woods logging all our married life, 
wants to work for himself logging. It is too dangerous 
for him to go to the woods alone, so I work with 
him. He taught me to run the caterpillar and I skid 
while he cuts and loads. I didn't know what to think 


when he gave me a promotion to "Hooker", but it 
worked out all right. To make this wonderful life just 
perfect, Pauline gave us a delightful little grandson 
August 14, 1987 in Moscow, Idaho. His name is 
Michael Brant Young. Now who could ask for 
anything more? 

— Virginia Yakovac Perry 

Virginia and Jerry Perry 

Lars Peter and Caroline Jenson Petersen 

Lars Peter Petersen was born June 4, 1860 in 
Copenhagen, Denmark. After coming to the United 
States, he settled in Utah and married Caroline 
Jensen, who was born July 19, 1863 in Tolon, 
Denmark. They were married in 1882 or 1883. 

They moved from Utah to what is now Driggs, 
Idaho in 1894 then in 1905 they moved to Lorenzo, 

They were the parents of ten children. 
Caroline was born December 13, 1884 at Mt. 
Pleasant, Utah. She married and later settled in 
Canada. Caroline died April 13, 1909. Lars Peter 
Albert was born February 14, 1886 and died as a 
child July 7, 1896. Christjen was born May 8, 1888 
and also died as a child on July 26, 1896. 

James Olaf was born October 31, 1890. He was 
also known as John or Jack. He established a ranch 
on Lee Creek, where the family moved in 1914. 
Later he and his wife made their home about one 
half mile away where Everson and Stroud Creek join 
to form Lee Creek. On December 18, 1925, he 
married Mable Nelson. They had no children of their 
own, but raised Dare Robert and Bobby Edward 
Anderson, the children of his sister, Emma, who died 
early. James died November 20, 1972. 

Mary Anne Catherine was born June 20, 1893 at 
Mt. Pleasant, Utah as were all of the earlier children. 
She married Martin Lindstom October 21, 1914. 

They had no children of their own but adopted a 
daughter, Virginia, and raised her sister Emma's 
daughter, Ruth Hilma Anderson. She died December 
8, 1979. 

Nina Alberta Christine was born November 6, 1895 
at Darby, Idaho and remained single until October 8, 
1943 when she was wed to John Robert Anderson. 
She worked as a physical therapist in California 
much of her adult life. She died October 10, 1963. 

Dora Caroline was born March 13, 1898 at Darby, 
Idaho and married William Beckstrom Hill June 28, 
1924. They worked at sawmilling and ranching in the 
Leadore area until late in life when they moved to 
Utah. Their children were Lillian, who married 
Marcus George Mclntire, and Dorothy who married 
LaVon Pope. Both Lillian and Dorothy settled in 
Utah. Donald married Joyce Sager and lives in 
Salmon. Dora died May 24, 1987. 

Emma Kathryn was born April 11, 1900 at Darby, 
Idaho and married John Robert Anderson November 
6, 1918. They had four children: Dare Robert, Ruth 
Hilma, Russell Albert, and Bobby Edward. Emma died 
February 18, 1929. 

William George was born March 15, 1902 at 
Darby, Idaho and remained a bachelor. He worked 
on ranches in Lemhi County and also for the Forest 
Service. He did some trapping in Canada and proved 
up on a homestead near East Pine, B.C., Canada. 
Later he bought half interest in a ranch near 
Leadore with his brother, Albert. William died July 7, 

Albert Theodore was born May 27, 1904 at Darby, 
Idaho. He stayed on the ranch with his mother when 
Mr. Peterson went to Canada. He helped his mother 
raise Emma's youngest son, Russell. He married 
Frances Anderson and she died July 4, 1974. Albert 
died May 10, 1983. Lars Peter Peterson died in 
Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada January 77, 1924. 
Caroline Jenson Peterson died in Leadore, Idaho 
June 23, 1944. 

There were two separate Peterson families in the 
Leadore area. They were no relation until later when 
members married. The other Peterson family was 
descended from James Ephraim Peterson and were 
nicknamed the Bishop Peterson family. 

— Joyce Follett Peterson 
Robert and Coral Brown Petersen 

I, Coral Brown Peterson, was born July 26, 1940 
in Idaho Falls, Idaho to Scott and Doris Webb Brown. 

I attended grade School in Salmon. Our family 
moved to Pocatello in the early 1950's and after two 
years there, back to Salmon. 

Some of the fun times I remember most were 
family outings and fishing on the Salmon and Lemhi 
Rivers. We spent our summer vacations on trips to 


Coral and Bob Peterson 

Wyoming, Oregon, Yellowstone Park, Utah and 
Montana. On these trips we did a lot of camping out, 
cooking on Campfires and sleeping under the stars. 

I have three children: Sandra Kay Walchli who is 
married to Bob Barrett; Jeffrey Scott Walchli who 
married Laurie Lish from the Idaho Falls area; and 
Lisa Jo Svitak, who married Jerry Lee (Chip) Miller. 
Chip was killed in a logging accident in January 
1987. My children's marriages have given me three 
wonderful grandchildren, Mandi Kay Barrett, Erica 
Paige Miller and Steven Scott Miller. 

I worked as a waitress for Wally and Beuiah 
Richardson for several years at Wally's Cafe, two 
years at Prox Oil truck stop, and two years at the 
Shady Nook for Hazel Schofield. I now have many 
hours in which to enjoy oil painting classes, and 
collecting dolls and antiques. 

In December 1980, I married Robert Andrew 
Petersen of Frenchtown, Montana. Summers are 
spent at home in the Frenchtown Valley where Bob 
farms approximately 1,500 acres and raises cattle. 
Winter months are spent in Billings, Montana where 
Bob buys and sells cattle at the big cattle auctions. 

Bob is the youngest of eight children born to 
Christian Andrew and Elizabeth Andersen Petersen. 
He was born February 10, 1930 at Newton, Utah 
and he grew up there. His parents were farmers and 
he learned to love the farm and its operation. 

Bob was an honor student in school and his 
understanding of mathematics has served him well 

through the years, especially with his livestock 

He served in the military at Fort Lewis, Washington 
from April 1953 until April 1955, and was a Private 
First Class upon discharge. He earned a place on the 
rifle team, which competed with teams from army 
bases throughout the country, including Fort 
Benning, Georgia and Camp Perry, Ohio. Bob won a 
three day match at Fort Lewis with a score of 709 
out of a possible 750; the Colonel was second with a 
score of 702. At National Matches he was a recipient 
of a Distinguished Marksman medal. 

Bob has three children from a previous marriage: 
Debbie Thomas, who lives at Frenchtown and has 
three children; Danny, who is married to Kirsten and 
lives at Rexburg, Idaho; and Angle Smith, who lives 
in Rochester, New York. Bob's special hobbies are 
hunting, fishing, study of Civil War History, and 
watching old western movies. 

— Coral Peterson 
Bill and Merlene Morgan Peterson 

Bill and Merlene Peterson moved to Salmon in 
December 1960. Bill had been driving the Salmon 
River Stage bus line from Pocatello to Salmon for 
five years and decided it was time to move to 

Bill was born May 30, 1930 at Riverside, Idaho, 
the first child of Owen W. and Margaret Lewis 
Peterson. Bill has two brothers, Lynn and Jim and 
one sister, Sally. 

Bill graduated from Blackfoot High School in 1949. 
He drove a milk truck for his dad until he enlisted in 
the Navy in August 1950. He served during the 
Korean conflict on the Battleship Missouri. Bill was 
discharged from the Navy in June 1954. 

Merlene was born February 15, 1933 in Provo, 
Utah to Edward and Ora Lynne Jones Morgan. She 
was the first girl in a family of five brothers, Evan, 
Lynn, Merrill, Dean and Howard. One sister, Diane, 
was born when Merlene was two years old. 

When Merlene was one year old, she and her 
family moved to Blackfoot, Idaho. Her dad farmed 
for the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company. She attended 
school in Moreland, graduating from Snake River 
High School in 1951. 

Bill and Merlene dated clear through their high 
school years. They were married in the Idaho Falls 
Temple on November 16, 1951 on one of Bill's short 
leaves from the Navy. It wasn't until August of 1952 
that Bill and Merlene saw each other again. At this 
time Merlene joined Bill in Washington D.C. where 
Bill was stationed. 

They lived there for two years until Bill was 
discharged. Their first child, Sandra, was born at the 
Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland. Their other 


Merlene and Bill Peterson 

children are Larry, Janette, and Scott, born in 
Blackfoot, and Bart and Sharon born in Salmon. 

After Bill's discharge, they moved back to 
Blackfoot and Bill bought his own milk route and 
delivered milk to Kraft Cheese Company. 

In October 1955, Bill and his dad bought the 
Pocatello side of the Salmon River Stages from 
Russell Benedict. Bill started driving bus from 
Pocatello to Salmon. In May 1963 Bill and Merlene 
purchased the Idaho Falls side from Glen Wright. In 
1966 they were awarded the bid for the Mail 
Contract for the mail haul from Idaho Falls to 

They used several different types of buses. At first 
they had a twelve passenger "stretch" station 
wagon. Then a Suburban and had it stretched out 
for twelve passengers, hauling the freight on top of 
the bus. After that they had two twenty nine 
passenger Flixable buses. 

In 1969, floating the Salmon River in rubber boats 
became popular. Bill bought two used school buses 
and hauled people from Salmon to Corn Creek 
during the summer months. One of the more 
memorable trips was meeting Robert Kennedy and 
his family and John Glenn at the confluence of the 
Middle Fork and bringing them to the Salmon 

One of the most exciting charter trips was when 
Bill took a group of people in the Flixable Bus into 
the Big Horn Craigs camp ground. 

In 1985 Garrett Freightlines discontinued their 
service to Salmon and we started interlining freight 
with them on their dock in Pocatello. In no time we 
were interlining freight with twelve different freight 
lines. This was a good break for our business. 

Bill and Merlene have enjoyed working with so 
many good people of the Leadore, Arco, Mackay, 
Challis and Salmon area. They are active members 
of the LDS Church, both have served in many 
callings. They've enjoyed camping with their children 
and supporting their school activities. 

Both Bill and Merlene enjoy working in the yard 
and starting flowers and vegetables from a small 
greenhouse. Salmon and the Lemhi Valley has been 
good to them and they are looking forward to 
retirement and traveling to visit their children and 
nineteen grandchildren. 

— Bill and Merlene Peterson 
Carl L. and Dorothy J. Peterson 

Carl L. Peterson came to Salmon in 1945 and 
bought a ranch on the south fork of William's Creek 
which had belonged to Jim Sims of Salmon. 

Carl's parents were Emanual Edward and Jennie 
(Hansen) Peterson. Emanuel Peterson was born in 
Denmark in 1874. He moved, with his family, to the 
United States in 1882. They lived for a while in 
South Dakota before settling in Twin Falls, Idaho in 
1903. He ran a ranch and a hardware business there 
until 1919 when they moved to Los Angeles. 
California. Emanuel died in 1937. His wife, Jennie, 
died in the 1950's. 

Carl was born October 2, 1908. He started school 
in Twin Falls, then moved with his parents to Los 
Angeles in 1919. He graduated from Franklin High 
School in 1927. As soon as school was out, he 
packed everything he owned into one suitcase and 
left California, moving back to Idaho. He farmed near 
Murtaugh, Idaho, but always dreamed of owning a 
cattle ranch. So in 1945 he moved again, this time 
to the Williams Creek ranch near Salmon. In 1946 he 
married and brought his new bride back to his 
ranch. She was Dorothy J. (Langdon) Peterson. 

Dorothy was born in Twin Falls on January 8, 1924 
to Lambert L. and Myrtle L. Munn Langdon. Mr. 
Langdon's parents came by wagon train in the 
1800's from Illinois to Prineville, Oregon, where he 
was born. He was a cowboy and a logger in his 
youth. He married Myrtle Munn and the couple 
moved to Twin Falls in 1915 where he ran a hide 
and wool buying business. Later, during the war, he 
dealt in scrap metal. His wife. Myrtle, who was also 
an Oregon native died when Dorothy was four years 


old. He then married Marion 0. Smith who raised 
Dorothy and her brothers and sisters. Mr. Langdon 
died in 1946. 

Marion Landgon was born in Jamestown, New 
York, and lived in Bellevue and Hailey before settling 
in Twin Falls. Among her many other 
accomplishments, Mrs. Langdon was Idaho Mother 
of the Year in 1952 and runner-up for the National 
title, President of the Twin Falls Business and 
Professional Womens' Club, State President of that 
organization. Worthy Matron of the Eastern Star 
Chapter in Twin falls, and very active in the Baptist 
Church. After her husband's death, she ran the 
business for many years. 

Dorothy graduated from Twin Falls High School in 
1943 and moved to the William's Creek ranch when 
she married Carl in 1946. For their honeymoon, they 
took the famous Whitewater trip on the Salmon 
River from Salmon down to Lewiston. The guides 
were Don Smith and his father, Clyde. The cook was 
Dick Hammond. There were eight other couples on 
the wooden sweep-boat "City of Salmon", and it was 
a very thrilling fourteen day trip. 

Carl and Dorothy owned the Williams Creek ranch 
for two years, and then sold it to Merle Hoffman of 
Salmon in the spring of 1948. 

They then bought a ranch in the Pahsimeroi Valley 
from Fred Horn. The ranch was one mile Northwest 
of May, Idaho. They continued to raise cattle and 
horses and were active in the community; being 

members of Salmon River Cattle Association, 
National Cattle Association, PTA, Pahsimeroi Grange, 
and 4H, with Dorothy serving as a 4H leader. Carl 
was a member of the May School Board. 

While on the Pahsimeroi ranch, they had two 
daughters, Mary Louise and Jenny Marie. Mary 
Peterson was born April 23, 1949. She attended 
school in May and Patterson and graduated from 
Challis High School. She also attended the College of 
Southern Idaho in Twin Falls. She married Harold 
Bell of Denver, Colorado. He is an engineer for the 
Wyoming Highway Department and they live in 
Dubois, Wyoming. Mary and Hal have two children; a 
son, Matt, and daughter, Erin. 

Jenny Peterson was born March 9, 1951. She 
attended school in May, Patterson and Challis, 
graduating from Leadore High School in 1969. She 
went on to the College of Southern Idaho and 
graduated from Boise State University with a degree 
in Education. She married Leon Swensen of Boise on 
December 14, 1974. Leon is employed by Idaho 
Power Company and Jenny is a Special Education 
teacher. They live in Kuna, Idaho and have two 
daughters, Angela and Codi, and a son named after 
his grandfather, Carl. 

Both Mary and Jenny were involved with 4H and 
were part of an Idaho 4H Ambassador Tour to 
Europe in 1967. 

Peterson Family-Carl, Mary, Jenny and Dorothy 


i 1 

Carl and Dorothy sold the Pahsimerol ranch In 
1968 and moved to a smaller ranch on Hayden 
Creek in the Lemhi Valley, which they bought from 
Quinn Riggan. They raised Registered Angus cattle 
for two years, then devoted all their time to 
Registered Quarter Horses. Carl died in the spring of 
1973. Dorothy continues to run the ranch and raise 

— Dorothy J. Peterson 

Donald O. and Billie L. Peterson 

Donald 0. Peterson, son of Edna and Orion 
Peterson, was born in the Salmon Nursing Home on 
March 27, 1939. He grew up and attended school at 
Leadore, Idaho. He graduated from Leadore High 
School in 1958. 

In 1963, Billie Lynn of Amarillo, Texas came to 
Leadore to teach school. She and Donald began 
dating and in May 1964 they were married in 
Salmon, Idaho. 

Donald had been ranching with his father, but in 
the latter part of 1964, Faye and George Whittaker, 
long time ranchers in Leadore, asked Billie and 
Donald if they would be interested in buying their 
ranch. Their ranch was close to his father's place, so 
Donald was somewhat familiar with it. After checking 
things out a little more, they decided they would buy 
it if they could make financing arrangements. Things 
worked out, and in February 1965, they moved to 
their own place. 

They raised sheep, cattle, hay and some grain. 
Donald was very proud of his little ranch and loved 
living near the mountains. 

In time five children were born to them: Donald 
was born December 9, 1966, Tim was born March 2, 
1969, Martin was born January 12, 1970, Krista 

Back Row: Donald, Billie. Donald Jr., Tim, Marten, Front: Krista 
and Mark Peterson 

arrived April 24, 1974 and Mark made his presence 
known as a tax deduction on December 31, 1977. All 
the children were born in Salmon. 

As the children grew up they attended school in 
Leadore. Billie, though no longer teaching full time, 
continued to do substitute teaching. She also served 
a term on the school board. She took EMT Training 
and served in that capacity for six years. 

The place was small and Donald found he needed 
to do custom work on the side to supplement the 
family income. He did both custom grain combining 
and fencing. Often he took the family with him to 
get out the poles for fencing jobs. The children were 
a great help in getting their own work done and took 
on jobs helping neighbors with irrigating, fencing, 
haying and moving cattle. 

The family belonged to the Church of Jesus Christ 
of Latter Day-Saints and attended regularly. Donald 
served as Bishop of the Leadore Ward from 1977- 

In 1985, Billie felt she would like to get back to 
teaching, so she began taking classes at Western 
Montana College in Dillon, Montana. In 1986 the 
family moved to Dillon, Montana. 

Donald and the children continued driving back to 
Leadore to take care of the ranch, but after a time, 
found it quite an undertaking to keep things done as 
they should be done. In 1990, they sold the ranch to 
Allen Purcell. 

— Billie Peterson as told to Phoebe Bird 
Edward and Kim Roberts Peterson 

Edward Anthony Peterson was born to Alvin Carl 
and Grace Bernard Peterson on December 14, 1957 
in Casablanca, Morroco, Africa where his parents 
were both employed by the Morrison-Knudson 
Company. The family moved to Tehran, Iran where 
his brother, Michael Jens Peterson, was born March 
31, 1960. Later that fall the family returned to the 
United States. Edward's father, Alvin Carl Peterson, 
was born April 18, 1918 at Coleman, South Dakota 
and his mother, Grace Jean Bernard, was born 
February 25, 1922 at Pocatello, Idaho. .After 
returning to the United States they lived in Pocatello 
before moving to Salmon, Idaho in the summer of 

The family started a Western Auto Business, which 
they owned and operated until the year 1972. 
Edward's mother, Grace, passed away September 
15, 1973. 

Edward attended school in Salmon until his 
graduation in May 1976. Edward married Kimberly 
Susan Roberts in May 1981. Kimberly was born 
August 22, 1962 in Salmon, Idaho to Dan and 
Marilyn Roberts. Guy Dan Roberts was born 
September 15, 1936 in Salmon, Idaho and Marilyn 


Ruth Thayer was born May 17, 1938 in Hartford, 
Connecticut. There were two other children born to 
the Roberts: Kathy Lyn Roberts born July 22. 1964 
and Karen Rae Roberts born March 23, 1966 - both 
born in Salmon, Idaho. 

Kimberly's family made their home in the Salmon 
area and she lived on the "Big Flat Ranch" until the 
family moved to a home in Salmon City. Kimberly 
attended school in the Salmon Schools until 
graduation in May 1980. She is currently employed 
by Saveway Enterprises. Edward is employed in the 
timber industry. They have two children to date: 
Jacqueline Grace Peterson, born June 13, 1984 in 
Salmon, and Preston Edward Peterson, born August 
15, 1988 in Salmon. 

— Kim Peterson 




•^ '^^^^k 







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i ' 





Edward, Kim, and Jacqueline Peterson 

Harvey and Joyce Follett Peterson 

Harvey Earl Peterson was born August 24, 1926 in 
Leadore, Idaho. He is the fourth of six children born 
to Sarah Rosetta Carlson and LeRoy Peterson. 

Harvey Earl attended grade school in a one room 
school house in the Lee Creek district and high 
school at Leadore. The second world war was on 
while he was in high school and it was hard to get 
school bus drivers. Everyone was needed in some 
defense work. The School Board got a special permit 

for Earl to drive the bus while he was still in high 
school because he was just seventeen years old. He 
graduated in 1944. He helped with all the ranch 
work and also worked for the county highway 
department. In November 1944 he married Joyce 
Follett in Salt Lake City, Utah. 

He was drafted into the Army in January of 1945. 
After basic training in Camp Roberts, California, and 
Alabama, he was sent to Japan. He served in the 
Japanese Occupation for two years. 

After his discharge, he and Joyce made their 
home in Leadore where he worked for the State 
Highway Department. Later they moved to Buhl, 
Idaho where he leased a farm for a short time. Then 
he worked for a construction company. In 1953 they 
came back to the family ranch on Big Eight Mile 
Creek to help his father. 

His father died in 1958 and Earl stayed on in the 
old family home and started to buy the ranch from 
his mother. In 1962 they built a new home on the 
ranch where they still live. At least with a new home 
the family could have water in the house. No longer 
did they carry in all the water and carry it out again. 
Now at last there was a bathroom! 

Four sons and at last a daughter blessed this 
home. Gerald Earl, born December 22, 1945, 
married Paula Ann Torneton. They made their home 
in Boise, Idaho and have two children, Brenda Joan, 
and Kevin Jay. Kenneth James, born December 29, 
1948, married Janette Anderson. They are buying 
the home ranch now, but are also teaching school in 
Adak, Alaska. They have two children, Randee 

Joyce Follett and Harvey Earl Peterson 


Lanette and Jon Chance. Randy Ray Peterson, born 
March 10, 1952, married Jeannie Anderson. They 
live in Pocatello, Idaho and have three children, 
Tracy Tuck, and Clint Randy, and Kimberly Rachel. 
Dale Allen, born December 13, 1957, married 
Mevanwie Waters. They live in Leadore and have a 
welding and repair shop. They have three children, 
Tonya Rose, Jesse Wade, and Lyndsey Elizabeth. 
Karen Joyce was born January 31, 1966. She is a 
teacher and coach, teaching in Garden Valley, Idaho. 

Earl and Joyce brought her brothers, Russell and 
Jay Follett, to live with them when they settled in 
Leadore. They both died quite young. Jay Follett 
served in the Korean War and served in Germany. 
He died in Leadore in 1956. George Follett served in 
World War II in Belgium. He died in Leadore in 
November 1952. Russell Follett died June 4, 1973. 
Her sister, Ruth Bench, lives in Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Joyce Follett, born February 25, 1926, the 
daughter of Swen Baylis Follett and Chloe Barney, 
was the fourth child in a family of six children. They 
were born and reared in Centerfield, Utah. Her 
father died in 1937. Her mother died at age forty 
two in 1942. Joyce and her young brothers moved 
to Leadore, making their home with her eldest 
brother, Ray Follett, and his wife, Angela. She 
graduated from Leadore High School in 1944 with 
Harvey Earl. 

Joyce worked several months in the Ogden 
Arsenal, commuting from Salt Lake City. After her 
marriage, she went to California and worked as a 
dental assistant at Camp Roberts. 

Joyce has been active in the L.D.S. Church, 
serving as Relief Society President, Secretary and 
teacher in the Primary, as well as being active in 

Joyce has been active in Legion Auxiliary as 
president and secretary. Both Earl and Joyce helped 
build up the Legion Hall in 1975. 

Earl has served in all capacities of the American 
Legion as Vice Commander, Adjutant, and 
Commander. Earl has been active in agriculture 
organizations and Grange. He was a school trustee 
for several years. They are now retired, mostly for 
health reasons, but they try to stay busy as 
grandparents and helping some on the ranch. 

— Joyce Follett Peterson 
James E. and Caroline Peterson 

James Ephraim Peterson was the son of Jens K. 
Peterson, born May 19, 1915, in Norsthisted, 
Denmark, and Helena Christina Hansen of 
Fredericker, Veile, Denmark. They came to America 
and on to Utah in 1854. 

James Ephraim Peterson was born November 16, 
1855 at Ephraim, Utah. He married Caroline 

Caroline and James Peterson with their sons, Orion and Elton 

Gottfredson March 8, 1877. He was an L.D.S. 
Missionary to the Northern States from 1884-1885, 
counselor in the Ward Bishopric of the Marion Ward 
for two years and was ordained Bishop of the Marion 
Ward on March 18, 1887. 

In 1865 he went with his parents to Glenwood, 
Utah. He took part in the Black Hawk War. He 
moved to Grass Valley in 1880 and settled in 
Circleville, Utah. He was elected to the Utah State 
Legislature in 1904, was a county commissioner for 
eight years, Post Master, School Trustee, and a 
Notary Public. 

James Ephraim and Caroline Peterson moved to 
Lemhi County, Idaho in 1915. They were the parents 
of twelve children, with two sons having died while 
they lived in Utah. Only their three younger sons, 
LeRoy, (age 28), Elton, (age 19), Orion, (age 16), 
and youngest daughter, Leda, (age 14), were on the 
train to Leadore. Joining the family on the ranch the 
following July (1916) was their son, Arthur, (age 24), 
who had completed his mission to the Western 
States. The Petersons traveled on the same train as 
their oldest daughter, Caroline Rosalia, (Zaie), and 
her husband, John Whittaker, and their family. 

The main reason the Petersons and Whittakers 
came to Lemhi County was to expand their livestock 
raising business. When the family arrived in Leadore 
on September 1, 1915, Mr. Scoonover, who was 
selling his ranch to them, met them at the train 
depot in Leadore with a horse and buggy to take 
them out to the ranch they were buying. Before 
leaving Leadore, they went over to Wilbur Stone's 
Grocery Store to get their food supply to take to the 
ranch ten miles west of Leadore. 

That fall Orion and Leda went to school in the 
home of a bachelor named Andy Hath, located about 
two miles up Lee Creek from their home. They had 
to ride horseback in the winter because the snow 
was so deep. Later, Mr. Hoover built the first school 
house at Lee Creek, located a quarter of a mile 
across the creek from the John Whittaker home. 


The Whittaker children also attended the Lee Creek 
School. Later the children married and some 
remained at Leadore. 

On June 6, 1917 Arthur Peterson married Lola 
Backman from Spring City, Utah. Arthur and Lola 
lived on the ranch that summer and then went to 
work in the mines at Butte, Montana that fall. The 
next summer they came back to the ranch and 
worked in the Leadore area for several years. 
Eventually they settled in Los Angeles. They raised a 
family of four daughters and three sons. One son 
died in infancy. 

LeRoy Peterson married Sarah Rosetta Carlson on 
November 21, 1917 and they remained in Leadore. 

Elton married Florence (Floss) Stewart September 
30. 1922. Floss taught one year at the Lee Creek 
School. Elton farmed near Leadore until 1926 when 
he moved his family back to Circleville, Utah. They 
were the parents of four sons and one daughter. 

Orion married Edna Sims September 28, 1934. 
They continued to live in the Leadore area and 
raised a family of two sons and two daughters. 

Leda graduated from Leadore High School, then 
went to Albion State Normal that summer and 
earned a teaching certificate. She taught at Lee 
Creek School the year of 1921-22. She married 
William E. Dalby May 15, 1922. They lived in Leadore 
where Bill owned a garage. They had three 
daughters and four sons. One son died as a child. 

About two weeks before James E. Peterson left 
Utah to move to Idaho, he was kicked in the nose by 
a horse. It appeared to heal but later gave him 
trouble and he was a total invalid for several years 
following surgery for cancer in Salt Lake City. His 
wife, Caroline, and sons, Orion and Elton, cared for 
him at home until he died June 5, 1923. He was 
taken to Circleville for burial. 

— Joyce Follett Peterson and Melva Kauer 
Lee R. Peterson 

Lee R. (Pete) Peterson was born December 10, 
1913 in Idaho Falls, Idaho, the son of Carl and 
Floette Peterson. He grew up in Rexburg where he 
graduated from Madison High School in 1933. Pete 
was named to the All-State basketball and football 
teams while playing for Madison. 

He served in the U.S. Navy during World War II 
stationed in the Philippines and Hawaii. 

He married Lila Bateman. Two daughters were 
born to the marriage, Linda and Susan. The couple 
later divorced. 

The Petersons came to Salmon in the 1940's and 
they managed the old Main Theatre, which was later 
destroyed by fire, and the Roxy Theatre. 

Pete then began his long career as a night club 
operator. He operated the old Crescent Club, 

located back of the old Post Office on Main Street, 
with Kenneth Swift. 

He also operated a bar at Patterson during the 
Ima Mine boom. That bar was located in an old log 
building which is still standing today. Pete then went 
to Ely, Nevada where he purchased the Eagles Club, 
which later became the Flame and then the Chief. 
He spent five years in Ely before returning to 

Upon returning to Salmon, Lee and Met Barrett 
formed a partnership and built the new Crescent 
Club Bar which was located at the Main Theatre 
location on Main Street. The Crescent Club became 
one of the best known nightclubs in the 
intermountain area. 

Lee and Mel split their partnership, with Mel 
retaining the Crescent Club. Lee than took over the 
old Salmon River Inn from Kenneth Swift in 1972. 
The bar was then enlarged and remodeled into what 
is the present Salmon River Inn in the Herndon 
Hotel Building. This expansion eliminated the old 
hotel lobby and barber shop and resulted in a large 
bar with a nice bandstand and dance floor. 

Under Lee's direction, the Salmon River Inn, 
prospered for many years. "Pete" as he was known 
to his many friends, was the ultimate bar operator. 
In a profession where many have failed, he was King. 
Pete knew all the "ins and outs" of his business. He 
ran a tight ship, yet his bar always had a relaxed, 
friendly, atmosphere. He loved to gamble and card 
games were his specialty. During the 50's, 60's and 
early 70's, Pete always had a card game going at his 
Club, even though it was illegal under state law. But 
when the state law began to be enforced in the 
seventy's, he had the good judgement to voluntarily 
shut down rather than buck the system. When one 
went into his bar, he often bought the first drink, 
and usually his bar bought every third or fourth 
round. He was a contradiction in the sense that he 
operated a bar business in a wide open, western 
town, yet he was always well dressed, in city style 
slacks and dress shirts. Many of his customers were 
wild and rowdy, yet he was always quiet and soft 
spoken, never physical. If a customer became a 
nuisance, Pete would speak to them in private and 
quietly convince them to leave without a problem. 
He ran a public business, but was a very private 
person. Friendly but reserved. The bottom line is he 
was a success. 

Pete was an avid hunter and fisherman who chose 
to live in Salmon because of his love for the area. 

Pete passed away December 10, 1980 at Steele 
Memorial Hospital following a lengthy illness. True to 
his quiet style, no services were held and his 
remains were cremated. 

— Fred Snook 


LeRoy and Rose Carlson Peterson 

LeRoy Peterson was born September 11, 1887. 
When his father and mother moved to Leadore, 
several of the family members came. His brothers 
were Ephraim Alvin, James Lester, Arthur Marion, 
Leonard, Arnold Elton, and Orion. His sisters were, 
Rosalia Whittaker, Virginia Delton, Vivian Maude 
Steele, Maggie Helena Morgan, and Leda Dalby. 

LeRoy worked at the Gilmore Mines but most of 
the time he farmer. He loved to work with horses. 

He met Sarah Rosetta Carlson in 1915. They were 
married November 21, 1917. Rose was born 
November 9, 1890 to Nels and Clara Carlson. In 
1936 they bought the ranch up Big Eight Mile Creek 
and that's where their children grew up. They were 
all very busy because there were no modern 
conveniences and work had to be done by man and 
horse power. 

Six children were born to them. Naomi married 
Ralph Baxter in 1943. Clarence married Patricia 
Curtis in December 1945. Ralph married Veria 
Simonsen in June 1947. Harvey Earl married Joyce 
Follett in November 1944. Leora married James 
Nelson in July 1947. Elva died before her second 
birthday. Naomi was born in the Carlson home at 
Carmen. All the other children were born in Leadore. 

Rose worked hard during her life. She packed 
water from the creek, carried in wood, cooked on a 

LeRoy and Rose Peterson 

wood cook stove, raised a large garden, and canned 
a lot of food. They kept bees for honey for 
themselves and sold some. 

During World War II they had three sons and a 
son-in-law in the service. Clarence joined the Navy in 
1940 and made it his life time career. Ralph was in 
the Navy for two years and Harvey Earl was drafted 
into the Army for two years. Ralph Baxter, Naomi's 
husband, was in the Army. 

When the family could get to Leadore, they 
attended church. They were active in Grange and in 
A.C.S. in Salmon. In 1948, after they had electricity 
on the ranches, LeRoy and Rose built a small 
modern home. LeRoy was L.D.S. Branch President, 
and became Leadore's first Bishop. LeRoy passed 
away May 1, 1958. 

Rose was very talented. In her later years she 
made many, many beautiful quilts, and did 
crocheting and embroidering. She stayed on in her 
home on the ranch until her death January 16, 
1984. She was ninety three years of age. 

— Joyce Follett Peterson 

Orion and Edna Peterson 

My husband, Orion Peterson, was born on the first 
day of July 1899 in Circleville, Utah. He was the 
eleventh child of a family of twelve, having six older 
brothers and four sisters. His father, James E. 
Peterson, was bishop of the Circleville Ward. The 
farm on which he grew up consisted of eighty acres 
on one side of the county road and forty acres 
across the road which was inherited by his mother, 

Orion and his family moved to Leadore the first 
day of September 1915. Orion was sixteen years old 
at this time. They were met by Mr. Schoonover in a 
white topped buggy. Orion's father had purchased 
his ranch which consisted of two hundred and forty 
acres. This was quite an adventure for the Peterson 
children as they had never ventured far from 
Circleville before. 

Orion had not graduated from the eighth grade, so 
he rode horseback to the Lee Creek School. Mabel 
Pearson was his teacher. He graduated in the spring 
of 1915. 

After a long, lingering illness, and operations for 
cancer, James passed away in June 1923. Orion and 
his sister, Maude, accompanied his body to 
Circleville for burial. All of Orion's brothers and 
sisters were married by this time, so Orion took over 
the responsibility of caring for his mother, Caroline, 
which he did very capably. 

It was during this time that he met Edna Eva Sims. 
She was born in Milk River, Alberta, Canada, 


Edna, Orion with their children 

September 26, 1915. Her father, Harry Simms, was 
killed in Canada when Edna was three and her 
mother, Minnie Michaelus Simms, moved the family 
to Cottom Lane in Lemhi County in June 1918. 
There were four children at this time: Ralph, Harry, 
Hilda, and Edna. Later mother married Samuel 
Simms, a brother of Harrry, and eight more children 
were born. Edna attended school at the D. C. Bar 
and had to walk six miles to school, breaking trail in 
the snow, for her younger brothers and sisters. 
There were several encounters with wolves, while 
walking to school. One time all that saved the 
children was their faithful old dog. Brownie. A few 
days after this the wolves killed three cows for a 
neighbor, Mr. VanSickele. 

Samuel Sims, the stepfather, died August 13, 
1934. On September 28. 1934, at the age of 
nineteen, Edna married Orion Peterson. Orion and 
Edna made their home on Lee Creek until 1939 
when they moved to the Rosenthal place. On the 
Rosenthal place the home was a neat little three 
room log house. Later they moved a large frame 
house out of Leadore and that home still stands on 
the ranch today. Both Edna and Orion loved to 
ranch and it is evident because they added the 
Jones place. Brown place, and Vezina place as time 
passed. They also owned a few acres with Orion's 
brother, LeRoy. 

Orion and Edna are the parents of four children. 
Donald, the oldest, was born in 1939 when they 
moved to the Rosenthal place. Louise, the oldest 
daughter, was born in 1943. Shirley was born in 
1947 and Ed, the youngest, was born in 1950. Orion 
and Edna taught their kids the value of hard work. 
Donald bought the George Whittaker and the Stone 
places, which he later sold and moved to Dillon, 
Montana and later to Lewisville, Idaho. Ed bought 
the ranches Orion and Edna owned. Shirley and her 
husband farm in Ashton. Louise and her husband live 
in Las Vegas, Nevada where both have good jobs. 

There are fifteen grandchildren and two great 

Their beloved husband, father and grandfather 
passed away quietly on Christmas eve in 1974 with 
congestive heart failure at the age of seventy five. 
Edna lived alone at the ranch for a few years and 
then moved to Salmon, Idaho where she is very 
happy and grows a huge garden, quilts, and enjoys 
much better health. Edna married Paul Gentle in 
Dillon, Montana in June 1988. They are happy and 
keep each other company. 

— Edna Peterson Gentle 

Mary Ames Pierce 

Mary Ames was a Christmas baby, born December 
25, 1880, in Seattle, Washington. Her parents were 
George and Lucy Webster Ames and she was one of 
at least five children. The Ames family operated a 
sawmill in Maple Valley near Seattle. The father later 
died in a sawmill accident. 

George Ames took pride in his service in the Civil 
War, beginning when he was only seventeen years of 
age. Someone had paid him to serve in their place. 
He started out with General Sherman but contacted 
malaria. After his recovery, he spent four years as a 
doctor's aide in a Northern military hospital. 

Mary was married to W. F. Pierce on October 2, 
1909 in a minister's home on a Canadian island near 
Seattle. Her husband came to Salmon in 1919 to 
work at a ranch on Kirtley Creek and soon sent for 
his wife and their three children. 

Mary got a job cooking for a railroad crew, and 
later her husband was also employed by the railroad. 
They worked here for four years, but their combined 
wages were not enough to meet the living expenses 
for themselves and the children, Roger - twelve, 
Cora - ten, and Edward - eight. When Russell Ellis, a 
businessman from Gilmore, who was also on the 
school board, told them that the town of Gilmore 
needed a meat market, Mr. Pierce put one in. This 
was in May of 1923. Mary continued to work for the 
railroad until he found a place for them to rent, then 
she went to work in the market, which was known as 
the Owl Market. 

In 1925, Mary was approached by the post office 
inspector about taking the position of postmaster at 
Gilmore. Because she had only an eighth-grade 
education, she was reluctant to accept, but the 
inspector persisted so she agreed to do it. She held 
the position from August 1925 until December 1957, 
some thirty-two years later. She said that the 
general public gave her a good education. 

She saw the population of the Gilmore area reach 
one thousand people and then decline to only a few 
souls. At one time, there were three teachers and 
ninety children in the Gilmore school; the high 


school pupils went to school at Leadore. 

There was no electricity in Gilmore, but they had a 
battery-powered radio, gas and coal-oil lanterns, and 
a butane refrigerator. Mary considered the 
refrigerator to be one of the nicest things in her 
house. She could have ice cream if she wished, and 
she told her husband that he could even keep his 
fish in it. She didn't like fish and hadn't liked it ever 
since the time he ran out of bait and she had to 
stomp grasshoppers for him. She didn't go fishing 

She recalled that gold was shipped out through 
the post-office in little boxes that resemble those 
used for mailing watches. This went on until the gold 
more or less ran out. 

Souvenir hunters have packed off all but the 
concrete front step to the old Owl Market, the post- 
office and the Pierce home. The once thriving 
community of Gilmore has been deserted by the 
railroad and by the miners. Mary said of the town "I 
loved Gilmore, and I walked every trail in those 

The Pierces were still living in Gilmore when it was 
abandoned. Mr. Pierce died there in 1962 at the age 
of seventy-eight. Mary came to Salmon, where she 
still resides. 

Daughter Cora married Robert Lind and moved to 
Tacoma, Washington. She was the mother of eight 
children. Son Roger died in Salt Lake City, Utah in 
1970, and Edward died December 26, 1927, of 
injuries suffered in a skiing accident at Gilmore. 

At the age of ninety years, Mary Pierce attributed 
her good health and long life to good blood, handed 
down from her parents, and to taking good care of 
herself. Her only illness had been an earache, from 
the time she was born until a doctor gave her 
prescription much later in life. She still did all of her 
own housekeeping, except for the vacuuming, which 
was done by a girl who came in to help. She spent 
much of her time reading, crocheting, and working 
with the Dorcas Society of the Seventh-Day 
Adventist Church, of which she was a member. She 
had no time for gossip, and she had her fill of people 
while in the Post-Office. She said that she would 
rather read a good book anytime. 

While in the Post-Office, she was an independent, 
so far as politics were concerned, voting for the 
man, not the party, but she later voted as a 
Democrat because she "thought that her husband 

She sometimes walked to the library, and at 
ninety she walked to the courthouse to vote. She 
reported that a neighbor "bawled me out for doing 
it. She tells me what to do." 

— History Committee, Doris Brown 

Sophronia Pollard, Josephine Arendt, and Frank Pollard 

Frank and Sophronia Kenney Pollard 

Francis Marion Pollard, born January 6, 1854 at 
Lancaster, Missouri, came to Salmon, Idaho country 
in 1879 or 1880. For a while he carried the mail to 
Leesburg, on snowshoes in the winter time. 

Sophronia Arilla Kenney, born May 27, 1866 at 
Horseshoe Lake, Minnesota, to Dr. George A. and 
Lorette Olive Salisbury Kinney, and came to Salmon 
in 1874 with her parents and two younger sisters, 
Nellie Estelle and Carrie Cromwell Kenney. Dr. 
Kenney had accepted an assignment from the U.S. 
government to come to Salmon City, Idaho 
Territory, to administer to the Indians. He was the 
first doctor in Lemhi County and John W. Snook was 
the first white child he delivered in Salmon. The 
Kenneys homesteaded what is now the Seventeen- 
Mile House and is owned by Boyd Andrews. They 
established a stage-stop there for some time. 

Frank Pollard and Sophronia Kenney were married 
at Salmon December 2, 1881. Six children blessed 
this union. The first was Lorette Alice, born February 
9, 1884. She married Ed Cole, who died in 1900. On 
October 10, 1903, she married William Burker, and 
they had one daughter, Vivian, who married Charles 
Kane. She married a third time, to George Smith, 
who died at Mountain Home. Lorette died November 
3, 1935, at Chains, Idaho. 


Their second daughter, Virginia Grace was born 
October 23, 1885 and died March 3. 1890. 

The third daughter, Nellie Esther was born May 7, 
1888 and died October 17, 1962 in Minnesota. She 
married Garfield Murphy June 10, 1910. They had 
three daughters, Christine, Margaret Aletha, and 
Frances Dorraine. Garfield also died in Minnesota. 

Anna Josephine, fourth child, was born December 
19, 1893. She married Earl Gool in 1912; no 
children. She left Salmon in 1918, going to Los 
Angeles, where she owned and operated a beauty 
shop at 7th and Broadway for a number of years. On 
September 5, 1934, she married Charles Shutt, a 
lawyer in Riverside, California. She sold her Los 
Angeles property in 1960, returned to Salmon and 
purchased a home, but spends her winters in 
California. Early in life, she changed her first name 
to Jo-Ann; her reason - she said that "every cow she 
ever knew was called 'Annie'!" 

Fifth was Leslie, born August 31, 1897, the only 
son. He was the first Lemhi County boy to graduate 
from the Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, which 
he did in 1921. his naval career spanned twenty- 
eight years, and he retired with the rank of Captain. 
During World War II he served in the U.S.S. New 
York as a navigator. He held the Bronze Star and 
had a Letter of Commendation for his Naval service. 
Leslie married Isabelle Ward of New York, December 
12, 1926 and they had two children. Ward Kirby and 
Caroline Routh. He died March 4, 1966 and is buried 
in Arlington National Cemetery. 

Their daughter, Frances Merilyn, was born January 
1, 1905. She married first, John Edward Bashforth, 
and they had one daughter, Evelyn. Her second 
husband was Wayne Winbigler, who died January 25, 
1947. Donald E. Mowitt was her third husband. They 
were married in September 1947. He died May 7, 
1958, in Arcadia, California. She married Glen Reed 
June 30, 1963 in Salmon, and he died September 
12, 1969 at Sandpoint, Idaho. Frances spent many 
years as a legal secretary for her brother-in-law, 
Charles Shutt, and for other Los Angeles lawyers. 
When she returned to Salmon, she worked as a 
bookkeeper, did taxes, worked for a mining 
company, and as secretary to the Chamber of 
Commerce. She said that she and Jo-Ann had 
returned to Salmon to live because of the "California 
rat-race. I always knew this place was tucked away 
in the mountains. I don't know what it is about your 
birthplace that takes you back, but Salmon has 
never lost its own character. Civilization has not 
intruded to the point where it has lost its 

About 1889, the Pollards took out the homestead 
that later became the George Oliver ranch, about 
eight hundred acres at one time. Frank found a 
sandstone deposit on the east side of the ranch and 
he cut building blocks for the Episcopal Church, 

hauling them on a stone-boat. He then built the 
church, finishing about 1902. He discovered a clay 
deposit on the ranch and started the production of 
bricks, making most of the bricks for the buildings 
on Salmon's Main Street, and then laying the brick. 
The Courthouse was finished about 1910. 

Frank had a dry kiln on the ranch and in later 
years he had one on Carmen Creek. He discovered 
coal in Pollard Canyon, above the ranch about 1900 
and opened a coal mine. The coal was sold and used 
in the city. Later on, he discovered a huge lime 
deposit on the Lemhi River near where the Lemhi 
Store is no located. He built a kiln there and slaked 
the lime, shipping it to Salmon to be used for 
plastering. The lime was of fine quality and was a 
beautiful white in color. 

The Pollards raised mostly timothy and alfalfa hay 
on the ranch to feed their cattle. They also raised 
wheat and oats. They had a large garden and 
orchard, from which Sophronia canned hundreds of 
jars of fruit and vegetables each year. 

The ranch was sold to H.E. King in 1907, and a 
house purchased at Fulton and Lombard Street in 
town. The house burned in 1923. 

Frank Pollard died October 14, 1924, in Los 
Angeles. Sophronia died March 27, 1928 also in Los 
Angeles. As of this writing (September 29, 1991) 
both Jo-Ann Pollard Shutt and Frances Pollard Reed 
are still living and are reasonably healthy. They live 
in California; Jo-Ann with a niece, and Frances with 
her daughter, Evelyn. 

— History Committee - Doris Brown 
Marion M. and Alta R. Pontius 

Marion Montrose Pontius, son of Robert Grear and 
Sarah Lovinah Stout Pontius, was born January 31, 
1884, Peabody, Kansas. Alta Ursula Radmall, 
daughter of Samuel Henry Radmall and Fanny Bell 
Hadlock, was born December 18, 1903, in Vernal, 

They were married June 30, 1921 in Santa Cruz, 
California. After several moves, the family made 
their home in Salmon, Idaho, May 13, 1935. The 
family then consisted of Marion, Alta, and their 
children, Melvin, Veda, Robert, and Karl. Later three 
more children were born: Sarah, Ruth, and David 

The family established their home about a block 
and a half west and a little south of the Brooklyn 
School on the bar. Much of the time Marion was 
self-employed. His business consisted of hauling and 
selling firewood, garden soil and fertilizer. On one 
occasion he hauled the large truck scale from Idaho 
Falls for Vern Hovern's Lumber Company - today it 
is Lemhi Lumber. He also contracted and dug 


BACK ROW: Melvin, Veda, Robert and Karl FRONT ROW: Sarah, 
Marion, Gene, Alta, and Ruth Pontius 

trenches for water lines being installed under the 
streets of Salmon. Marion helped build Salmon High 
School which was completed for the fall 1939 school 
session. The hobby in which he took great pride was 
gardening. Marion was a gentle, kind, trusting person 
who loved his family and his fellow-man. 

Alta was very patriotic and had a great love for 
this United States. On the day she passed away, her 
home was the polling place with flags flying at her 
front door and many people coming in to cast their 
vote. Her hobbies were quilting, handicrafts, and 
genealogy. She worked for many years processing 
aircraft control panels at Hill Airforce base in Ogden, 
Utah. Her greatest love was for her family and 
friends whom she served daily. 

In about 1940, the home on the bar was traded 
for the island in the Salmon River that is just above 
the Carmen Bridge. Although this farm home was 
quite isolated by the river, it was a great place for 
the family and provided a greater measure of 
security. Until they built a road across the river and 
improved the land, a swinging foot bridge was used 
to cross the river. It was a welcome day when the 
family could drive to their door. 

Living on the river did provide some unusual 
excitement at times when the river gorged with ice 
and sent a flood of ice and water across almost the 
whole island, barely sparing the house. Also, high 
water during the spring run-off was a time when all 
the family was alert to the dangers of the river. 
Many times the river would not stay within its proper 

The three older children, Melvin, Veda, and Robert 
graduated from Salmon High School. Marion, Alta 
and the younger children moved to Utah in 
September 1950. Karl, Sarah, Ruth and Gene 
graduated from Utah Schools. 

Their children have all married: Melvin married 
Eleanor Ihle and they have five boys; Veda married 
Elden Stokes and they have five children; Robert 

married Ann Morrehead and had seven children; 
Sarah married Albert Feller and had ten children; 
Ruth married Gordon Doxey and they had six 
children; and Gene married Beverly Rooks and had 
seven children. 

Marion died in June 1969 at the age of eighty 
four. Alta died September 1982, at the age of 
seventy eight. Their home was in Hooper, Utah. 
Their children are all living anci they have many 
grandchildren and great grandchildren. Marion and 
Alta are remembered with much affection, love and 

— Veda Stokes 

Melvin M. Pontius Family 

After graduating from Salmon High School in 
1941, Melvin Pontius served in the US Army Medical 
Department as a Surgical Technician. He was in the 
European theater from July 1943 to January 1946. 
His military travels took him from North Africa to 
Germany via Italy and France. He served honorably 
and was spared, in some dangerous missions, from 
the ravages of war. 

Melvin and Eleanor corresponded during his 
military service. Upon Melvin's return their courtship 
resulted in marriage at the Idaho Falls Temple, 
Idaho, in January of 1947. They were attending 
Ricks College. 

They returned to Salmon to make their home. 
Their first son, Aaron, was a Christmas present to 
them in 1948. They rented a house in town from 
Dorothy and Roland McFredrick. Melvin worked in 
the Salmon Bakery and spent evenings and 
Saturdays building a house about a mile north of 
town. During the raw stages, they moved into it and 
finished it little by little. 

During the next few years, in Salmon, two more 
sons were born, Clifton and Richard. In 1956, the 
family sold their home and moved to Utah. Two 
more sonk Merlin and Gary, were born in Ogden, 
Utah. Property was purchased in Hooper, Utah, 
where Melvin and Eleanor still reside. 

Melvin and Eleanor are active members of the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Melvin 
has served in Young Men's organization on the ward 
and stake level, with genealogy classes, Sunday 
School Superintendent, Ward Clerk, Executive 
Secretary, First Counselor in the Kanesville First 
Ward Bishopric and is currently serving as a High 
Counsel Member in the Kanesville Utah Stake. 

Eleanoir served as Ward organist for over thirty- 
seven years while accepting positions as a teacher in 
the Primary, Sunday School, Relief Society, Primary 
President, Junior Sunday School Coordinator, and is 


currently First Counselor in the Kanesville Utah 
Stake Relief Society. At the end of February, 1991, 
they will serve in the Pennsylvania Pittsburgh 
Mission for eighteen months. 

In 1988 Melvin retired from working many years in 
Industrial Maintenance. After working at Roy High 
School in Roy, Utah for twenty-four years, Eleanor 
retired from work as a secretary in the high school 
library, then secretary in the office. 

The family now consists of five sons and their 
wives and twenty grandchildren. 

— Melvin Pontius 

BACK: Clifton and Aaron FRONT: Eleanor, Baby Gary, Richard, 
Melvin, Merlin - 1962. 

Wendell and Berniece Pope 

Wendell and Berniece Pope moved to Leadore with 
their three sons, Wendell LaVan, Ivan S., and Dale M. 
in the spring of 1932. They ranched with Wendell's 
sister and husband, Eva and Evan Jenson that 

When school started that fall, Wendell fixed up his 
Chevrolet truck with a canvas top and benches along 
the side for one of the first school buses for the 
district. He started at Tendoy, went up Hayden 
Creek a ways and on to Leadodre. 

The Holbrook boys and Frieda Clark were some of 
his passengers. Times were tough and money was 
scarce. The county paid him in script but they found 
it hard to spend. No one would accept it, even the 
county itself. 

Wendell told about a time the State Police stopped 
his school bus because its license was expired. Dad 
said, "Sure I'll buy a vehicle license," so the paper 
work was done and when he pulled out the county 
script to pay for it, the trooper said, "Hey, I can't 
accept that." That's why the bus ran the last month 

with no license. 

Wendell worked on road construction up Railroad 
Canyon - also on the railroad between Leadore and 
Salmon. The men lived in one rail car with 
equipment and supplies on the others. The bunk 
house car tipped over into the river and the men 
had to swim for their lives. 

Wendell worked away from home a lot in those 
early years, leaving his wife, Berniece, to cope with 
three small boys, severe cold winters, wood to saw 
and split, water to draw from the well with a rope 
and pail and the worry of house fires. 

While living in Leadore, two daughters were born 
to join the boys. They were named Gwendolyn M. 
and Beverly J. Beverly was born on Easter Sunday 
and Wendell had to wade the Salmon River south of 
Salmon to reach home. Wendell wasn't very tall and 
the river was rising with the spring run-off. 

The family left the Lemhi Valley in 1939 for the 
mining and logging at Phillipsburg, Montana. A fourth 
son, Ronald E., was born there before they moved 
on to Pocatello, Idaho. 

The family spent the war years there. Wendell 
worked in the oil refinery and Berniece ran an 
overhead crane in a defense plant. The oldest boy, 
LaVan, graduated at mid-term because he was being 
drafted into the Army. 

The Pope family moved back to Lemhi in 1947, 
where Wendell worked on the Sammy Amonson 
ranch for thirteen or fourteen years. Another son 
was born there, Keith E. He was always called 
"Chip". The rest of the children all graduated from 
Leadore High School. 

Wendell passed away in Chandler, Arizona in 1961 
and Berniece and Chip moved to Hyrum, Utah, 
where LaVan and family lived. LaVan was a math and 
computer professor at Utah State at Logan. She 
came back to the valley and worked for the 
Amonsons again. Then took care of Mrs. Charlotte 
Snook for a while. 

Berniece now resides in Logan, Utah, at eighty 
four years young. She is in good health, except for 
failing eyesight. Of the seven Pope children, only 
Beverly Shiner has remained in the Lemhi Valley. 
LaVan resides in Logan, Utah, although at this 
writing, he and his wife, Shirlene, are in Cairo, Egypt. 
Ivan lives in Lima, Montana, Dale in Las Vegas, 
Nevada, Gwen Horton, in Challis, Idaho, Ronald is 
deceased and Keith (Chip) resides in Bagdad, 


Ilxin Nlmrl, Rntinnil ('Mr. I'lulio. 

For n I'iisl-Cls^ii Sh«tB otul nn ArlU(ic 
Itoir Cm, go to 

— Gwen Horton 



lo "Idnbo Record.!" DaiUlluR. 

Ladies' and Children's Ilair-Cutting 


Clarence and Gladys Porter 

Clarence Porter was born March 1, 1898 to L.J. 
and Elizabeth Porter at his home in Blackfoot, Idaho. 
His school years were spent in Blackfoot. For several 
years after completing school, Clarence worked on 
ranches and farms in the area. 

In 1920 he married Cora Hull of Blackfoot. For 
awhile he worked for the Blackfoot Fire Department 
driving the fire truck. They moved to a farm at 
Upper Presto where they lived for fourteen years. 
She died June 14, 1942. 

Gladys Morse was born on March 23, 1910 in 
Wanship, Utah. Gladys was the oldest of four 
children of Richard and Emma Jane Morse. Her 
mother died when she was eight years old. It was 
her duty to care for the little ones with the help of 
friends and relatives. Knowing how hard it was on his 
small, young family to be without a mother, Richard 
separated the children among aunts and uncles. 
There was so much sadness and grief at being apart 
that he gathered them together within a year to be 
a family again. 

Gladys attended schools in Samaria and Malad. 
Her father married Bessie Parsons when Gladys was 
fourteen years old. Gladys loved to dance and did so 
on every occcasion. She was not allowed to attend 
the dances with boys until she was sixteen but that 
didn't stop her from dancing every dance when she 
attended with her parents. 

Gladys married Art Sager of Roy, Idaho on 
September 20, 1928. Art worked for several farmers 


* i^C^ 


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■ 1 


^HHt- ''^^jL 


Gladys and Clarence Porter 

in the Burley - Roy area. March 22, 1931 they 
welcomed their first child, William Nathan, into their 
home. At this time, they were working their own 
farm raising grain. It was in the depression years and 
a bushel of grain was selling for twenty eight cents. 
A baby girl. Donna Joyce, was born March 1, 1934. 
In 1940 the Sager family moved to Blackfoot, Idaho 
and bought a small farm. Times were very hard, 
problems arose, and Gladys and Art were divorced in 

Clarence Porter and Gladys Sager were married in 
August 1945. They, along with her two children. Bill 
and Joyce, moved to Lemhi County at this time. 

Clarence had sold a row crop farm south of 
Shelley, Idaho to try his hand at cattle ranching. 
They purchased the Chet Worthing holdings at 
Baker. To add to the shorthorn cattle they brought 
with them, they bought cows to be used as nurse 
cows. Letting each nurse cow raise four to six calves 
each year, they were able to increase their cattle 
herd in a short period of time. 

Clarence and Gladys had a lot of friends. At 
branding time in the spring there was always a big 
crowd of neighbors on hand to get the work done 
and enjoy their company. Clarence always had time 
for children and he could make up to kids of all 
ages, babies included. There were a lot of all-day- 
suckers bought at the Baker Store for his little 
friends. Gladys kept busy working in the Baker Ward 
of the L.D.S. Church. She served as Relief Society 
President, Visiting Teacher, Secretary and several 
teaching positions. 

Clarence loved to ride the range checking his 
cattle. He was a good cattleman. He had a sense of 
humor that everyone enjoyed and always had a 
story or joke to tell. The last five and one half years 
of his life were spent in sickness and suffering but 
his sense of humor never left him. Clarence died 
March 19, 1972. Gladys and John Rathjen were 
married January 9, 1975 and she moved into 
Salmon. They were married thirteen years. Mr. 
Rathjen died in 1988. Gladys has been living in 
Salmon at the home of Maryjo Shaw for the past 
two years. She still enjoys her grandchildren, doing 
fancy work and visits from her friends. 

— 8/7/ and Maxine Sager 
Irvin C. and Carrie Benjamin Porter 

Irvin C. (Abe) Porter was born March 15, 1900 in 
Blackfoot, Idaho. He died May 21. 1985 in Salmon, 

Carrie Estelle (Babe) Benjamin was born July 1, 
1914 in Salmon, Idaho. Her parents were George W. 
and Ivie Brown Benjamin. She was the great 
granddaughter of George Alexander Kenney, the first 


Indian Agency Doctor of Lemhi County. Babe passed 
away on February 28, 1985 in Salmon. Abe was 
married previously and had two boys named Leroy 
and Bret. 

Babe spent the majority of her life in Salmon. She 
graduated from the Salmon schools in 1931. Babe 
and Abe were married on July 21, 1937 at Poison, 
Montana. They had four children, L.J., Joan, George, 
and Deanna. 

Abe was very interested in Indians. He grew up 
near the Blackfoot Reservation, working the beet 
fields with them as a youngster. 

Abe was a carpenter and a master of his trade. 
Even in his "retirement years" he was still building 
cabinets and furniture for Salmon residents. During 
his early years he was a mule skinner in Oregon, 
worked on the railroad gang laying track in Oregon, 
and rode the rails as a "bum." He taught carpentry 
at Weber State Junior College in Ogden, Utah during 
the late 1940's before the family moved to Salmon 
in the summer of 1947. During the war he was a 
carpenter for the Continental Bakery in Ogden, Utah. 
He used to bring the kids "twinkles" as he could get 
them at a discount. After the family moved to 
Salmon, he spent a couple of years building "beaver 
slides" in Lemhi County for the large ranches. He 
then went to Oregon one summer to do the same. 

Abe was also a cooks helper and a cook at the 
Ranger Mine on Kirtley Creek. He helped haul mining 
machinery to the mine in the winter on huge sleds 
over the snow as it was easier than hauling it by 

In the 50's Abe and Babe were involved in trying 
to develop Thorium mining claims in the Lemhi Pass 
area. They had a business for a while treating 
arthritic and asthmatic people by sitting in a 
radioactive tunnel at the Buffalo Mine. 

Abe was a prankster and loved to spin a good 
yarn. An article in the May 1987 issue of Patchwork 
said "One spring the hands who worked the place 
near William's Lake were looking for someone to 
clean the ditches. Abe Porter, who was head hand, 
decided to go to town and find some help. On his 
way down he saw two fishermen out on the lake. 
During the later 20's and early 30's the upper end of 
the lake was closed year round by the Fish and 
Game for the spawning of Rainbows. A wire was 
stretched across the lake from the high rock island. 
On it were signs to inform fishermen of its closure. 
These fishermen were out in the closed waters. 
When they saw Abe coming they were scared and 
tried to hide. Abe had a booming voice and he said, 
"Hey, you guys are fishing in closed waters. I wanna' 
talk to you." Course they thought he was the Game 
Warden, but Abe was looking help on the ditches. 
Abe said, "Well, I could take you to town and get 
your fines, but if you don't have any money, I'll help 
you in that respect. I'll let you work out those fines. 

We got a little ranch up above the lake and we'll go 
up and do a little work there." So he got those guys 
shoveling ditch for three days before he took them 
back to their vehicle." 

Babe worked at J.C. Penneys for ten years until it 
burned in 1965. Then she worked at M & L V Store 
until she retired in 1976. She was active in the POE 
Women's Auxiliary. 

Abe and Babe loved gardening and they collected 
antiques and general junk. Their small home located 
between Saveway market and the present Post 
Office was quite a show place. The flowers and 
garden were beautiful. Their raspberry patch was 
unsurpassed with huge, sweet berries. The old 
garage and house were absolutely packed with 
antiques, bottles, rocks, Indian memorabilia, etc. 

Fishing, hunting, picnicking, and panning and 
looking for gold and staking claims in hopes one day 
to find the "Mother Lode" were the familiy's favorite 
activities. In their later years. Babe and Abe drove 
around the mountains with their dog. Tipple, in their 
Wagoneer Jeep enjoying the beauty of their 
surroundings. One of their favorite trips was to go 
"down river" past North Fork to see the goat, 
sheep, elk, and deer. For several years, they spent 
the winters in Wickenburg, Arizona. During the 
summers they would dress up in old-time clothing 
and drive their Model A in the Salmon 4th of July 
Parade. They were both characters in their own way 
and are still fondly talked about by the Salmon 

— Judith M. Hallett, Sharon D. Tipton and 

L.J. Porter 
William C. and Lola Sharp Poulsen 

William Christian Poulsen was born May 27, 1883 
at Franklin, Idaho, the son of Christian H. and 
Margaret Lowe Poulsen. He married Lola Bertha 
Sharp November 15, 1905 in the Logan L.D.S. 

Lola Bertha Sharp was born October 26, 1888 in 
Ogden, Utah. She was the daughter of Amanda Bair 
and George W. Sharp. She and Will had twelve 
children: Awanda, Phyllis, Phillip, Lester, Maxine, 
Max, William Leroy, Margaret, Clifford, Lenord, and 

Will Poulsen helped build some of the canals in 
Gentile Valley and in Caribou County. The family 
lived in Central, Grace, and Turner, Idaho as the 
family was growing up. Then they moved to Wapello. 
The children learned the meaning of hard work as 
they thinned and topped sugar beets and worked in 
the potato fields of southern Idaho. 

Will and Bertha Poulsen came to Salmon in April 
1929. Will worked around on different ranches and 
later bought a ranch up Kinney Creek and the family 


lived there. He also became the cream tester at the 
creamery. Later he worked as janitor in the L.D.S. 
Meeting House. 

Bertha Poulsen died in 1950 at the age of sixty 
one. After her death, Will Poulsen married Mrs. Mina 
Kirk on July 15, 1951. Mina was the daughter of 
Edward and Ellen Rishton. She was born July 14, 
1884 in Bountiful, Utah. She was the widow of 
Arthur G. Kirk. 

Mina Poulsen passed away September 26, 1963 
and William G. Poulsen died two months later on 
November 21st. 

— Beverly Cockrell 

William and Bertha Poulsen 

Eugene and Almetta Powers 

Florian Eugene (Gene) Powers was born in 
Wallowa, Oregon in 1904, the second of four 
children. He was raised on a ranch where all the 
machinery was horse powered, so he had early 
experience with horses. He rode four miles to high 
school. He was a member of the All State Football 
Team while he was in high school. 

Gene worked his way through college, where he 
majored in Forestry. He spent one summer driving a 
four horse team, working on the county road. He 
worked on trails for the Forest. He took care of 
cattle and hayed. He worked on a survey crew in 
Northern Idaho. 

Gene met Viola Almetta Hogue (Al) when they 
were both going to school at Oregon State College. 
They were married in 1929, the year after Gene 

Al was born in Oklahoma in 1910, the youngest of 
six children. Her family came west because of her 
mother's failing health. Her mother died when she 
was ten and her father moved to Corvallis, Oregon 
so he could send his children to college. He bought a 

farm and established a dairy. 

The Powers moved often the first two years of 
their marriage. They lived in an occasional 
apartment, but mostly in cabins and tents. They 
were delighted with Gene's first Ranger District. It 
was Paddy Flat, out of McCall. They only moved 
twice a year. It was on the Idaho National Forest 
(now Payette). 

One daughter, Peggy, was born in Idaho Falls, and 
the other, Jesse, was born in McCall. 

Gene was ranger in Warren and New Meadows. He 
was promoted to Fire Staff in McCall, where he 
worked with the development of the Smoke Jumper 
Program. A son, Richard, was born in 1941 while 
they were in McCall. 

Gene came to Salmon to take the assistant 
supervisor position in 1944 and in 1959 became 
Supervisor of the Salmon National Forest. He served 
in that postion for eleven years, retiring in 1970. 

Gene was an active member of the Rotary Club. 
Many of his spare hours were spent working the the 
Boy Scouts in various positions. 

Gene was detailed to Boise the summer of 1945 
to coordinate the work of the Army and the Forest 

Gene and Almetta Powers 1950 


Service in fighting the fires set by the Japanese 
incendiary balloons. 

In 1950 the Powers bought the acre of land, 
where they still live, and started rebuilding the house 
on it. When the stress of his job was great, Gene just 
pounded and dug harder, which was good for both 
he and his job. 

In 1955 another son, Lyie, was born. 

Gene nearly always had horses. He enjoyed them 
for his work and hunting. Elk hunting was his favorite 

Almetta was active in many organizations. She is a 
Past President of the Methodist Women; a Past 
Matron of Eastern Star; and a Past President of 
P.E.O. She spent several years as chairman of Lemhi 
County Red Cross, and was a member of the Library 
Board. Al and Gene both enjoyed dancing and 
playing Bridge. 

Their Peggy married Walter Youngstrom. They 
have four children and four grandchildren. They live 
in Bremerton, Washington. Jessie married Ted 
Gladsjo. They had a son and daughter and were 
divorced. She lives in Seattle, Washington. Dick 
married Stella Stout. They have two sons and a 
grandson. Both have remarried. Dick has a Fishing 
Lodge in Angoon, Alaska. LyIe works for the Forest 
Service in Portland, Oregon. He married Lynda Kay 
Miller and they have two daughters. 

After retiring, Gene built a house on the bar. He 
built an apartment for Jessie in the basement of her 
house. He helped Dick build an extension to his 
store, rebuilt a house in Salmon and built a two car 
garage at their home. Gene passed away in 1989. 

— Almetta Powers 

Keith Pratt 

Keith Raymond Pratt, born August 31, 1927, was 
the third child of Ray and Maude Pratt. Small in 
stature as a child, Keith made up for this in fighting 
and language skills. He didn't care how big or how 
many there were, he would tackle anyone, and 
outcuss them, too! Due to his small size, Keith was 
refused starting school at age six. At age seven he 
missed many days due to an 'abcess on his jaw' (an 
infected tooth?) which had to be lanced by the 
doctor. At age eight, he started to school with little 
sister, Julia (six), but was soon stepped up to the 
second grade. He proved to be a good student. 
When the family moved to Gibbonsville, Keith 
became good friends with Daryl Baxter, boy scout 
leader and teacher. Keith quit smoking! But he took 
up the habit again when his friend, Mr. Baxter, 
moved away and he was without his good influence. 

Soon after eighth grade, Keith went to work as a 
logger and a sawmill worker. He then traveled to 
Portland, Oregon with good friend, Lulu Fackrell, and 

her daughters, Helen and Fern. Lulu had gone there 
to work and help in the war effort. They both 
worked in the shipyards. On their return nearly two 
years later, Keith again took up falling logs and 
sawmill work. 

Singing was a natural for Keith. He could carry a 
tune before he could even talk. He learned to jig 
from the master fiddler of Salmon, Miles Turner. 
This was when Keith was age four or five. In due 
time Keith learned to play guitar, harmonica, alto 
horn, trumpet, and some piano. Many a Saturday 
night he played for dances. 

Keith married (1) Shirley Rolland and they had a 
son, Mark DeLayne; (2)Carol Jewett and they had 
twin sons, Timothy Wade and Michael Scott; 
(3)Bonnie Hughes and they had son Stanley Keith. 
Keith's step children are: Karen, Ron, Pat, and 

Keith met a tragic death by falling asleep in his 
pickup and running into the Salmon River where he 
drowned July 26, 1964. He is buried in the Salmon 

Keith will be remembered for his compassion for 
those less fortunate; as a friend no matter what; and 
his love for his children and step-children. 

An early day news item from the Recorder Herald 
April 22, 1936 "Amateur Contest Draws Big Crowd 
. . . .Following was the Saturday night program: 
Theaodore and Keith Pratt, harmonica and dance 
..." (Note: In this instance Theodore played the 
harmonica while Keith danced. One of the tunes 
could have been Under the Double Eagle. 

— Julia Randolph 

Keith Pratt 1952 


>-. , 

Benjamin Franklin Price 

Benjamin F. and Elizabeth Bent Price 

Benjamin F. Price was born in Parkersburg, 
Virginia. At an early age he moved to Missouri where 
he married Elizabeth Bent and successfully practiced 
law. While crossing the plains, their only daughter, 
Elizabeth, died. In 1865 they moved to Virginia City, 
Montana and in the spring of 1867, Mr. Price and his 
wife came to Lemhi valley where they took up land 
near Kirtley Creek. Five more children were born to 
the Prices, Frank, Charley. James, Mary, and Fannie. 
The Price family was well known and contributed 
much to the success of the Salmon valley. 

Two Federal Censuses give additional information 
about the family. In 1870 Benjamin F. Price was 
fifty-nine years old. He was born in Virginia and was 
a stock raiser here. His wife, Elizabeth, was fifty-four, 
born in Ohio and was a housekeeper. Their children 
listed with them were Charles, twenty-eight, born in 
Missouri; and Franklin, twenty-two and born in 
Missouri. These sons were listed as stock herders. 

The 1880 Census showed Benjamin F. Price to be 
sixty-nine. He was born in East Virginia, where his 
parents were also born. Elizabeth was sixty-five, born 
in Ohio. Her father was born in Massachusetts and 
her mother in East Virginia. Sons listed in the same 
census were Charles, thirty-seven, born in Missouri; 
Frank, thirty-two, born in Missouri; Luther Price, 
thirty years old, born in Missouri was also listed as 

their son. Charles and Frank were listed as stock 
herders while Luther was listed as a farm laborer. 

Elizabeth Price died in 1880 after the census was 
taken. Benjamin Franklin Price was born in 1811 and 
died in 1902. They are buried in the Salmon 

— Jean Johnson 

Albert and Annie Proksch 

Albert Proksch was born in Gliewitz, Germany. 
When he was thirteen years old his mother died. He 
went to trade school to learn the art of harness- 
making and upholstery. His uncle, Joe Proksch, 
sponsored him to come to the United States when 
he was nineteen years old. He remembers coming in 
on the G and P Railroad and stopping at Tendoy 
where his uncle owned a ranch. He worked for his 
uncle for a few years when he met Annie Kropach 
and they were married. 

Annie was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. When 
she was two years old her mother died during the flu 
epidemic and left a family of six. She was adopted 
by her Aunt Mary and Tom Kropach. Shortly 
thereafter, they moved to a ranch on Carmen Creek. 
She attended the country schools on Carmen Creek. 

After Albert and Annie were married, they lived at 
the Kropach ranch for a couple of years. Their first 
child, Joe, was born in the house on the ranch. 
Albert worked for several of the area ranchers and 
bought a homesite on South St. Charles Street. They 
erected a two room log cabin and were living there 
when Colleen was born. Albert did some trapping 
and also worked as custodian at the Lincoln school. 
He then started working in the area mines at 
Gilmore, Patterson, and Cobalt. The family also 
moved to Butte, Montana for a couple of years while 
he worked in the mines there. 

The family returned to Salmon and purchased 
seventy acres adjoining their home. In the summer 
Albert ran the ranch and in the winter months he 
returned to working in the mines. Mona and Dixie 
were born at this time. The home was enlarged to 
meet the growing needs of the family. A ranch on 
Big Flat was purchased and a couple of years later 
some more acreage in Gibbonsville. Albert quit 
working in the mines and concentrated his efforts to 
traveling back and forth keeping up with the 
properties. In 1955, the Big Flat property was sold. A 
new home was built and the old log house was 
moved to the side. 

Annie had learned of the family she belonged to 
before her adoption and was anxious for the families 
to be reunited. They traveled to Pittsburg where all 
but one of the sisters were gathered. It wasn't until 


Annie was in her sixties that this reunion finally took 

Albert's Uncle Joe passed away and left all the 
properties that he owned to Albert and his cousin 
Emerson Moodie. Albert managed this additional 
property along with his ranches. 

A cabin was built on the Gibbonsville property, 
fashioned by the hard work of Albert and Annie. 
They would stay overnight so they could keep up 
with the irrigating. 

Albert had two living brothers out of a family of 
eleven boys. After several attempts, Alfred, and his 
family were allowed to move out of communistic 
Poland, to Canada, where his other brother lived. 
They traveled to Winnipeg where Albert was reunited 
with his only living family. 

All of Albert and Annie's children were married: 
Joe married Hallie Havens, Colleen married Ralph 
Benedict, Mona married LaMar Cockrell and Dixie 
married Jim Puett. Albert and Annie continued to be 
busy tending the ranches and helping out with the 
new additions to each family. Albert remained active 
until he passed away in 1988. Annie worked by 
Albert's side all the days of their married life. She 
still continues to care for the home and ranch on St. 
Charles Street and keeps busy with the growing 

— Mona Cockrell 



Albert and Annie Proksch with baby Mona 

Joseph Proksch 

Joseph Proksch came to the United States as a 
young man, going to Milwaukee where he remained 
for a time. Shortly afterwards he came west to 
Salmon, arriving here here in about 1890. 

He worked in the mines around Leesburg and later 
had a shoemaking shop in Salmon. After a short 
time he went back' to Germany and brought his 

mother, Marie, and his sisters, Amalia and Marie, to 
Salmon to make their home. 

Mr. Proksch was in business in Salmon for many 
years, acquiring several pieces of property. He, also, 
had a ranch near Tendoy which was sold in 1930. At 
this time he retired and moved to Salmon. 

Marie Proksch, sister to Joseph, married Joseph 
Moodie in 1910. The young couple with their three 
month old baby, Emerson, lived in a cabin at the 
Copper Queen mine, about ten miles north of 
Salmon. While her husband was working in a nearby 
mine, the cabin caught fire. Marie removed the baby 
to a nearby tent and returned for some of their 
belongings when the door jammed and trapped her 
inside. She managed to get out somehow with all but 
her underclothes burned off. In freezing weather, 
she reached the mine where she called out to the 
miners. Upon finding her, she was rushed to town, 
but lived only a few hours before passing away on 
February 23, 1911. The baby was found safe inside 
the tent. 

The mother, Marie Johanna Proksch, had been 
born in Germany where she had eight children. Her 
husband, Anton, passed away shortly before the 
family left to come to the United States. She lived in 
Wisconsin for a few years before coming with her 
daughters to the Salmon area. She passed away May 
11, 1916 in Salmon, Idaho. 

Amalia Proksch, upon her arrival to the Salmon 
area worked for area ranches as a cook. She 
remained single until her death in 1931. 

Joseph Proksch, being first of the family to 
migrate to the Salmon area left behind his nephew, 
Emerson Moodie and also another nephew, Albert 
Proksch, who came from Germany in 1927. Joseph 
Proksch passed away in Salmon February 9, 1953. 

— Mona Cockrell 




Ol- ALI. KINDS. -:- -: 
-:- -:- CALL ON US. 


Joseph A. and Hallie Havens Proksch 

Joseph A. Proksch was born September 6, 1936 at 
Carmen, Idaho to Albert Anton and Anne Magdalena 
Bittner Proksch. He was the first child and the only 
son born to his parents. He later had three sisters: 
Colleen, Mona, and Dixie. He was born in a log house 
at the head of Freeman Creek up Carmen Creek, 
near Salmon, Idaho. 

Joe attended public school in Salmon with a short 
time, about two years, in Seventh-day Adventist 
school. He graduated from Salmon High School in 
1955 and shortly thereafter joined the U.S. Marine 
Corps. He did not have to serve any time overseas 
during his three year enlistment. He was in the air 
wing of the corp and trained in aerial photography 
and reconnaissance. 

While he was in his last year of duty, he was 
stationed at El Toro Naval Station in southern 
California. He started dating a former girlfriend, 
Hallie Havens, whom he had known back in Salmon. 
He also started investigating the Church of Jesus 

BACK ROW: Shannon Parmer, Jeff Parmer, Mathew Parmer, Erik 
Proksch, Tami Proksch, Pat Reagan holding Taylor Reagan, Polly 
Reagan, and Odette Proksch FRONT ROW: Laurel Proksch, Hallie 
Proksch holding Alex Proksch son of Erik and Tami Proksch, 
Joseph Proksch and Amy Proksch 

Christ of Latter-day Saints and was baptized into the 
church in July 1958. One year later, after his release 
from the Marine Corps and enrolling in Brigham 
Young University, he and Hallie were married in the 
Idaho Falls Temple. 

Hallie Julia Havens was born in Lewisville, Idaho on 
February 23, 1935 to Harold Curtis and lla Vivian 
Paulsen Havens. Her father had built and operated a 
service station there. At the age of three, Hallie 
moved with her family to Salmon, Idaho where her 
father had built another station. The family lived in a 
two-room apartment in the back. Hallie joined three 
older sisters, Marion, Virginia, and Patricia Jean. 
Later, in Salmon, a boy, Dennis, joined the family. 
Soon after he was born, the family built a house 
adjacent to the service station property on Union 



Hallie also attended all her years of elementary 
and secondary education in Salmon, beginning at the 
age of five. She began her music study early and 
continued it through out her school years, being 
active in band and chorus and small vocal 
ensembles. In 1952, she graduated from Salmon 
High School and attended Brigham Young University. 
She graduated with a B.S. in Elementary Education. 
After graduation, she took a teaching position in 
Garden Grove, California. 

It was here that Joe Proksch got in touch with her 
and they were soon engaged. After Joe's release 
from the service, he enrolled at Brigham Young 
University and Hallie took a teaching position in 
Orem, Utah. One year later they were married. Joe 
received his B.S. degree in Economics and was 
pursuing his Master's Degree when the opportunity 
came for them to return to Salmon and enter the 
petroleum business. They have lived there until the 
present time. 

Their first daughter, Odette was born in Provo on 
March 20, 1962. Four other daughters and a son 
were born in Salmon. All the children have graduated 
from Salmon Schools. At the present time, Odette is 
living at home, Shannon, the next daughter is 
married to Jeff Parmer and living in Idaho Falls. They 
have one son, Mathew. Erik is married to Tami 
Curtis and they are the parents of Joseph Alex. Erik 
is studying landscape architecture at Ricks College 
and going to Oregon State University next year. 
Polly is married to Patrick Reagan, who is in his 
second year of graduate school at BYU. They have a 
daughter, Taylor Michelle. Laurel is also studying at 
BYU, getting ready for medical school. Amy is a 
senior in high school and planning to attend BYU 
next year. 

— Hallie H. Proksch 
Don J. and Georgia Holgate Pyeatt 

Don J. Pyeatt was born to Thomas and Pelisha 
Pyeatt on February 19, 1884. He married Georgia 
Catherine Holgate, December 21, 1916 at her family 
home in Lemhi. 

The young couple built a new home on the family 
homestead and made their home there until 1945. 
Don was also a pharmacy graduate of Valparisa, and 
the San Jose Business College. He worked for three 
years in the drug store in Salmon with Will. 

His hobby was photography and he made many of 
the picture post cards they sold in their store. 

Their children were Dorothy Georgia and Donald 
James, who died of ptomaine poisoning in 1924. 

Don and Georgia cared for his father and mother 
at their home until their deaths. He built a purebred 
Shorthorn cattle herd which earned a national 

reputation among stock breeders. He received many 
ribbons and silver trophies in livestock competition 
in Ogden, Denver, Chicago, and Kansas City. 

When the family ranch was sold in 1945 to Sam 
McKinney, they moved to Salmon where they lived 
until their deaths in 1962 and 1969. 

— Marion B. Pyeatt 

Dorothy Pyeatt 

Dorothy Pyeatt was the daughter of Thomas Pyeatt 
and his wife, Pelisha. Dorothy married Darrell Baker 
November 28, 1937 and now they live in Idaho Falls, 
Idaho. Their oldest daughter, Dianne, is Mrs. Dan L. 
Robinson and with her husband and two sons, 
Darrell Dee and Donald Douglas, lives in Richland, 
Washington. Carolyn Dee is Mrs. Norman Lee 
Hancock and lives in Idaho Falls, with her husband 
two sons, Norman Mitchell and Timothy Lee. 

— Marion B. Pyeatt 

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Edwin Milton and Cornelia Ann Pyeatt 

Cornelia Ann Pyeatt was born to Thomas and 
Pelisha Pyeatt on June 28, 1868. She married Edwin 
Milton Yearian on June 28, 1888, the day she turned 
twenty years old. 

The young couple farmed at Junction and various 
other places on the Lemhi. At various times they 
lived in Dillon, Montana and in Salmon. "Eddie" was 


the third Indian agent at the Lemhi Reservation. 

The couple later moved to Orland, California 
where they made their home the rest of their lives. 
Eddie served as Probate Judge for several terms in 

Their children were Floyd, who died as a child in 
1891 and is buried in the Yearianville Cemetery. 
William Arthur, born in September 1896, lives in 
Orland, California with his wife, the former Mary 
Forbes. They had two daughters, Nadine, now 
deceased, and Yvonne (Mrs. Teddy) Cresna of 
Walnut Creek, California. Bill was with the Public 
School System and Mary taught there until their 
retirement. They are now happily seeing as much of 
the world as possible and usually make it back to 
Lemhi every summer to renew acquaintances. 

— Marion B. Pyeatt 

Florence Effie Pyeatt 

Florence Effie Pyeatt was born the daughter of 
Thomas and Pelisha Pyeatt at the family home May 
25, 1886. She attended a "Young Ladies Academy" 
in Chicago, and the University of Idaho in Pocatello. 

She married William A. Rice of Wyandotte, 
Michigan January 20, 1916. Their home was with 
their son, William Thomas, in Glendale, California 
where Florence passed away on May 7, 1932. Bill, a 
retired brick contractor, died September 6, 1971 
while visiting in Akron, Ohio and is buried in 

Their son, Tom, is an inspector for Orange County 
Schools and lives with his wife, Rosamond, at 
Mission Viejo, California. They have one married son, 

— Marion B. Pyeatt 

Hubert Jose Pyeatt 

Hubert Jose Pyeatt was the son of Thomas and 
Pelisha Pyeatt and was born at Lemhi in 1906. He 
married Beatrice Mason and makes his home in 
Lafayette, Indiana. 

They are both Physics professors at the University 
there. He is a retired Professor Emeritus of Physics 
at Purdue University. 

Their children are Mason and Leslie and there are 
several grandchildren. Bee is also a very talented 
artist and enjoys doing many lovely paintings. Hubert 
worked on the telescope lens at the Palomar 
Observatory when it was built. He had recently 
researched an electronic microscope. 

Their son, Mason, is a Professor of High Energy 
Physics at Stanford University. He and his wife have 

two children: Oleo, and Marianne. 

Their daughter, Leslie, and husband, Jim Masters, 
live in Birmingham, Michigan. She teaches Art at 
Detroit Art Center and Jim works for the Ford Motor 

— Marion B. Pyeatt 

Irene Gertrude Pyeatt 

Irene Gertrude Pyeatt was the daughter of 
Thomas and Pelisha Pyeatt. She was born in 
Junction on October 9, 1890. She was a teacher. 
She later married Oscar Williamson and made her 
home in various cities in California. She had one 
daughter, Patricia, married to Paul McMullen, of 
Walnut Creek, California. They have two daughters, 
Mabel Ann Guertin and Marie. Irene was active and 
busy almost to her final days, caring for others. She 
passed away on December 8, 1970. 

— Marion B. Pyeatt 

John Riley Pyeatt 

John Riley Pyeatt was born February 10, 1853 in 
Illinois, and came to Lemhi County in 1871, when he 
was eighteen years old. He settled in the Leadore 
(Junction) area, with a brother who was already 
here. He was one of the early day freighters and 
stage drivers from Junction to Sunfield and from 
Salmon to Red Rock, Montana. Sunfield was located 
between the MuleShoe Ranch and Tendoy. 

Riley as he was known, freighted with his two 
elder sons, Martin and Frank. Once, one of the boys 
brought over Lemhi Pass on a freight wagon, the 
base for a generator for the old power plant when it 
was located on the Lemhi River on the old back 
road. The base was so long, he had to put it on two 
wagons and it took two days to get around 
Horseshoe Bend. He had to jack the wagons up and 
slide them over, then move ahead and repeat the 
process to get around the sharp curve. 

Riley's wife. Marietta came from Marietta, Ohio. 
They arrived in Junction with her mother, Sarah 
Tidd, in the mid 1870's. They came to visit their 
sister and daughter who had married Mr. John 
Stroud. When their stagecoach came over Birch 
Creek, there were wagons still burning from the 
Indian Massacre that had occurred several days 
before. Marietta was born September 16, 1861 and 
was named after her home town. Marietta Tidd and 
Riley Pyeatt were married in Salmon on March 9, 
1879, when Idaho was still a territory. To this union 
there were fourteen children born: Anna, Martin, 
Frank, Arthur, Clarence, John, Edith, Guy, Raymond, 
William, Earl, Max, Lloyd and Heyburn. William died 


of scarlet fever when he was fourteen years old. 
John and Guy served in World War I and John was 
killed in France September 28, 1918. Heyburn 
served in the Army during World War II. 

On February 7, 1891, John and Etta filed on a 
homestead at Seventeen Mile. It was a 200 acre 
ranch and Riley sold four acres of it to the railroad 
for a right-of-way. Today the ranch is owned by Rex 
and Mary Andrews and their son, Mel, and daughter- 
in-law, Martha, live on the ranch. Martha is the 
granddaughter of Riley and Etta Pyeatt. 

In early October 1913, Riley was seriously injured 
as a result of an accident in Gilmore He was 
brought to Salmon, lived only a few days, and died in 
October 1913. The obituary read as follows. "In the 
passing of this old and highly respected pioneer, in 
the Great Uncharted, the valley loses one of its best 
citizens who having located in this valley in the early 
70's did much for the advancement of this country, 
through the dark days and severe hardships which 
were ever present to the sturdy men and women 
who are now termed as old pioneers." He was sixty 
one years old and left his wife and thirteen children. 
He was buried in Leadore in the Junction Cemetery. 

Etta had to raise the four youngest children by 
herself doing as many women did at this time, 
making their own clothes, canning vegetables and 
fruit, making quilts and doing handiwork. She earned 
money by selling eggs and butter and by taking in 
boarders who worked for the railroad. In the 
twenties, she moved to Salmon and purchased a 
home where she lived until her death on June 11, 
1946. She had outlived seven of her children and 
was survived by seven children and numerous 
grandchildren. There are still descendants of Riley's 
and Etta's still living in the Lemhi Valley. 

— Martha Andrews, Marjorie Barnett, Bea 


Marietta Tidd Pyeatt 

Leo Arthur Pyeatt 

Leo Arthur, son of Thomas and Pelisha Pyeatt, was 
born in DuQuoin, Illinois on August 3, 1874. He 
married Virgia Mae Lively in June 1900. He farmed 
part of his father's ranch and later moved to 
Anaheim, California, where he owned an orange 
grove and worked for Edison of California. Their 
children were: Hazel, Leona Todd, and Robert Lee - 
all now deceased. Leo passed away on December 6, 
1945 and Virgia in February 1962 at Bellflower, 

Earl, Ray, John Riley, bab^ Heyburn, Frank, with Lloyd and Max 
Pyeatte in front 

— Marion B. Pyeatt 

MacPherson Gilbert Pyeatt 

MacPherson Gilbert Pyeatt, the youngest son of 
Thomas and Pelisha Pyeatt, was born January 6, 
1891. He married Martha America Sprinkle of a 
Dillon, Montana, pioneer family on March 13, 1913. 
The young couple lived for several years on the 
ranch formerly occupied by Leo and Virgie Pyeatt. 
They later moved to Carmen, Idaho. 

Their first son, Thomas, was born January 1, 
1914. He married Alma Bay of Dillon, Montana and 
lives in Poway, California. 

Marion, born September 10, 1915, married 
Margaret Ferris and lives in Dillon. They have two 
grown sons, Mark and Mathew. 


Glenn and his wife, Alice, with their daughter, 
Denice, and son, Tracey, reside in Santa Ana, 

Mac was blessed with a great sense of humor and 
was the family clown. Many stories were told of the 
pranks he played on all the family. Mac died at his 
ranch home May 22, 1927 of Rocky Mountain Tick 
fever and his wife passed away December 10, 1935 
in Dillon, Montana. Both are buried in the Salmon 

— Marion B. Pyeatt 

Thomas Pyeatt 

Thomas Pyeatt was an early pioneer and highly 
esteemed resident of the Lemhi valley. He was born 
in Duqoin, Illinois, September 15, 1842 and died at 
his home near Lemhi, Idaho on November 1, 1927, 
at age eighty five. 

His father, Jacob Pyeatt, born in Pennsylvania, 
moved to Ohio, thence on to Illinois. His mother, 
Elizabeth Stewart Pyeatt, was a native of Vermont. 

When Thomas was twenty years of age, he 
enlisted in Company K 81st Regiment of Illinois 
Infanty in the cause of the Union and saw heavy 
duty during the war. His command, usually under 
General Grant, was marched all over the south and 

Pelisha and Tom Pyeatt, 1920 

saw a score of active engagements. They often had 
to face cold steel in the bayonet charge; and at the 
seige of Vicksburg, when on short rations, the Union 
soldiers would elevate their hats, hung on guns, 
above the breastwork in order to have their hats 
riddled by bullets. He was present at the surrender 
of Vicksburg, where his company was reprimanded 
for appearing in shirt-sleeves. 

After braving the hardships of real war, he was 
taken prisoner. He landed in Andersonville Prison to 
stay till the war was over, eating moldy and maggoty 
food and drinking water bailed out of a hog-wallow. 
He saw thousands of his compatriots die, when the 
surviving prisoners were hardly able to dig the 
graves. He saw prisoners, numerous times, dash 
through the cordon of soldier guards for the sole 
purpose of being shot to death. Daily rations were 
for weeks at a time, a handful of corn or a half-pint 
of moldy sour corn meal that contained worms. 

With the war behind him, Thomas Pyeatt 
emigrated with his family to Lemhi County where 
they proceeded to settle the land and build a new 
home. Thomas and his wife, Pelisha, raised a large 
family. Their children were: Don, Dorothy, Cornelia, 
Florence, Hubert, Irene Gertrude, Leo, William, and 

Pelisha suffered from dropsy in her later years. 
She passed away at their home on September 16, 
1922 and is buried in the old Yearionville cemetery 
at Leadore. 

Thomas was devoted to his wife and family. He did 
much for Lemhi valley. He served as County 
Commissioner, was a member of the State 
Constitutional Convention, and served Lemhi County 
in the legislature for two terms. He remained active 
in the Grand Army of the Republic veterans until his 
death in November 1927. 

— Marion B. Pyeatt 

William Butler Pyeatt 

The oldest son of Thomas and Pelisha Pyeatt was 
William Butler. He was born December 25, 1872 at 
DuQuoin, Illinois, graduated from the District #3 
School and then went to Valparisa, Indiana 
University where he graduated from the school of 
Pharmacy. He returned to Salmon and bought the 
Kenney Pharmacy, which he operated until the 

He married Esther Amonson April 28, 1913. They 
spent many winters traveling until she passed away 
May 30, 1948. "Will", as he was affectionately 
known, continued to make his home in Salmon until 
his death, October 19, 1958. 


Ada-Jane (Andree) Quarles 

Ada-Jane, better known as Andree, second child of 
G. B. Quarles and Rose Loring Quarles, had an 
unusually happy childhood. The Quarles residence 
was a paradise for children. She had two wonderful 
parents, both strongly Christian oriented, and 
neither one smoked or drank. 

There was one little fly in the ointment. Andree 
wanted more companionship than her brother, 
Monroe, was willing to give her. This was all changed 
when Andree reached her fifth year. Ve Harriett, 
much to the delight of Andree, put in an appearance 
at the Quarles home, beginning a bond between two 
sisters that has lasted throughout their lives. 

'Mama' was always a source of joy, but usually just 
a bit too busy, except for an occasional reading 
period. Rose Quarles particularly liked Charles 
Dickens and before Andree reached her seventh 
birthday she was introduced to the adventures of 
Mr. Pickwick, Snodgrass, Tupman, and Winkle as well 
as the perigrinations of little Nell and her 
grandfather in Old Curioslsty Shop. 

School was all right, but not as fascinating as the 
attic at home where there were trunks to be 
searched for fancy clothes to be put on for dress-up 

As for other children, she didn't relish their cliques 
or the intrigues that surfaced from time to time. On 
her sixth birthday, being asked by her mother if she 
wanted a party for children her age or for grown- 
ups, she replied she wanted the 'grown-ups', they 
were much less troublesome. 

After the family moved to North Hollywood, 
California, Andree studied piano. At the age of ten 
she started to play for church services. At fourteen 
she began what turned out to be a seven year 
introduction to hymns popular with the Episcopalians 
who initiated church services in North Hollywood at 
that time. She has kept her membership in the 
Episcopal church to this day although she is now an 
alto in the choir of an American Baptist Church 
located near her home. 

In addition to playing in church, Andree reviewed 
Hollywood Bowl concerts for a couple of summers 
for a North Hollywood newspaper. She also covered 
concerts for The Pacific Coast Musician, a monthly 
magazine featuring musical events. 

Unlike Ve Harriet, her sister, who was a good 
student, Andree had to study hard to keep her head 
above water for acceptable grades. It was necessary 
for her to repeat some of her high school studies at 
a Junior College before she could attend the 

University of California at Los Angeles. In 1936, she 
enrolled at UCLA majoring in French with Spanish as 
a minor. 

By the time she reached her senior year, she had 
to admit to herself that she had lost interest in 
French and gave up campus life to join the work 
force of the 'blue collars'. It turned out to be a short 
courtship. She was soon working as a clerical for the 
U.S. Employment Agency for Aircraft. She also spent 
time as a clerical and statistical typist for the Home 
Owners' Loan Corporation and for the Flood Control 
Department of the U.S. Corps of Army Engineers. 
When she tired of the routine involved, she left 
home, went to New York, and spent World War II 
years in Program Typing at CBS, 485 Madison. It 
was an exciting time to be in radio. Her chief 
contact at CBS was with the Latin Americans who 
were broadcasting in both Spanish and Portuguese. 

In 1946 she left New York, went to Brazil, stayed 
there a year, then moved on to Buenos Aires, 
Argentina. In Rio, she had many good contacts but 
not so in B.A. After six months of living precariously 
and having to write home for money, she said 
goodby to the Latin Americans and returned home. 
It was once more back to campus life. She settled 
for a B.A. at UCLA as a Spanish major and French 

Her working career from then on was largely with 
J.W. Robinson Store in the book department. 
Through this association she was able to add 
extensively to the Quarles library. 

Andree considers herself to be the family archivist 
since she is careful to see that family 
correspondence and genealogical references are not 

Andree Quarles 


thrown out. Bringing order out of the choas caused 
by stashing books and papers in every nook and 
cranny of the house has presented her with almost 
unsurmountable problems. Andree merely shrugs, 
sighs and says "Maybe, someday I'll get things 
straightened out." 

Andree has remained single. She is a Republican, 
and while her church affiliation is Episcopal, she 
makes the First Baptist Church of North Hollywood 
her home. 

— Andree Quarles 

Gustave Beauregard Quarles 

Born at Paducah, Kentucky in 1869 the third son 
of James Monroe Quarles and Nancy Jane Petty 
Quarles, Gustave Beauregard Quarles, known as 
"G.B." or "Gus", attended West Kentucky College, 
was judged to be head of his class in mathematics. 
He read law while teaching school and was admitted 
to the bar in Kentucky in 1894. He moved to 
Salmon, read law in the office of his brother, Ralph, 
and secured his license in 1895 to practice in all 
courts of Idaho. He became a law partner of Ralph 
Quarles, served as City Attorney for six years, and 
Probate Judge for two years. He served on the 
school board six years, also as ex-officio 
Superintendent of Schools for two years. 

G.B. was versatile and enterprising. Testimony of 
the fact has been established in that he and his 
brother, Bert Quarles, purchased and operated a 
hydro-electric power plant in Salmon. Albert Sidney 
Johnston Quarles joined his brothers, Ralph and 
G.B., and was married in Salmon in 1906. 

Like his brother, Ralph, G.B. became involved with 
mining interests and in 1905 acquired title from the 
U.S. Land Office in Washington, D.C. to the Red Bird, 

BACK ROW: Virginia and John Quarles FRONT ROW: Ada Jane, Ve 
Harriett and Monroe Quarles 

G.B., Ross, Virginia and John in the Salmon House. 

Annie, Katie, Katie Fractions, Junebug, and Comet 

He built and operated a wool warehouse close to 
the Gilmore and Pittsburg R.R. Station, bringing the 
sheep industry up from zero to $125,000. 

From capital he acquired from the sale of the 
Electric Company, he founded the Citizens' National 
Bank of Salmon. He was president of the bank 
twelve and a half years. After World War I, when 
wool dropped from fifty seven cents to seventeen 
cents per pound and the price of hay rose to $40.00 
a ton, a series of events beyond his control wiped 
him out. He left Salmon and moved to North 
Hollywood, California, residing there until his death 
in 1937. Two Salmonites followed G.B. to North 
Hollywood - Joe Vaughn and Tommy Atkins, one 
time Mayor of Salmon. The Quarles residence, 1991, 
is the home purchased by Atkins in North 

G.B.'s first marriage was in 1902 to Hope 
McCaleb, daughter of Jesse McCaleb and Anna Boyd 
Vernon McCaleb. Hope died in 1907 at the time of 
the birth of her second child, Hope Virginia (Jeanne) 
Quarles. Their first child was John Vernon Charles, 
born October 14, 1903. 

G.B. remarried in 1910 to Rose Elizabeth Loring of 
South Bend, Indiana, who had come to Salmon as a 
first-grade teacher. Three more children were added 
to his family through this marriage: Monroe Loring 
Quarles, Ada-Jane (Andree) Quarles, and Vera 
Harriet Quarles. 

G.B. was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, a Demorcrat and an Odd Fellow. G.B. was 
patient in adversity and ill health. He never gave up 
being concerned about the welfare of not only his 
own family, but of that of his community and his 
country. Considering himself the least, he used his 
resources to provide for the needs and education of 
his family. 

No higher praise could a man expect than that his 
children said "God was good in giving him to us as a 

— Andree Quarles 


Hope Virginia Qiiarles (Beatty) 

Hope Virginia, better known as Jeanne, was the 
second child of G.B. and Hope McCaleb Quarles. Her 
mother died when Jeanne was born. Brother John 
and the new born baby were taken in tow by their 
grandmother, Anna Boyd McCaleb. Emilia, a lady 
fresh from Genrmany, who became the housekeeper 
at the Quarles residence after Hope's death, also 
looked after them. 

When John started to school his first teacher was 
Rose Elizabeth Loring. Being much taken with Miss 
Loring, John invited her to dinner one night. This 
was the beginning of a romance between G.B. and 
the young teacher from South Bend, Indiana. It 
resulted in their marriage in 1910. The mourning 
period was over and the house regained its air of 
pleasant domesticity with Miss Loring accepted as 
'Mama'. The scenario was successively enlivened by 
the appearance of Monroe in 1912, Ada-Jane 
(Andree), and Vera (Ve) Harriet in 1919. 

With the second marriage, grandmother McCaleb 
took a back seat but will always be rememberd by 
the children because they went to her house for 
dinner once a week. Pie was the special delight of 
all, cherry coming in first, gooseberry next best and 
apple third. 

At an early age, Jeanne evidenced a flair for 
clothes, a talent demonstrated by her fabulous 
collection of paper dolls and their outfits. 

Grandmother McCaleb taught her to knit and she 
soon excelled in this ancient craft. As an adult she 
was considered professional but was such a 
perfectionist she made it a hobby rather than a 

In October 1928, she married Oscar Finn of North 
Hollywood. The marriage was of short duration. Her 
second marriage in 1935 to Harry E. Beatty of North 
Hollywood was a fortuitous one. It lasted until Harry 
died in 1969. 

Like the Quarles family, Mr. Beatty traced his 
ancestry back to colonial days and forebears who 
had important property in Washington D.C. Most of 
his career was spent as a representative of several 
large jewelry companies. He traveled extensively in 
the States, always taking Jeanne with him since 
there were no children to keep her busy at home. 

After Mr. Beatty's death, Jeanne fended for 
herself, occupying much of her time knitting fine 
garments, baby blankets, and afghans. 

Jeanne died June 10, 1983 leaving her two half 
sisters, Andree and Ve Harriet. They will always have 
fond memories of her for her many excellent 
qualities. She was loyal to family and friends. As a 
homemaker she was impeccable. Her marriage was 
a happy one. She and Mr. Beatty were born on the 
26th of July, both were perfectionists, 
complementing each other in their likes and dislikes. 

Harry was a good business man and Jeanne must be 
given credit for helping him to attain his reputation 
as such. 

Their permanent home was in North Hollywood as 
Jeanne always liked to be close to 'Mama', Andree, 
and Ve Harriett. 

Mr. Beatty was a Shriner, both he and Jeanne 
were Democrats. Jeanne, being a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in Salmon, never 
changed her church affiliation. 

— Andree Quarles 

Hope Virginia Quarles (Jeanne) 1929 

John Vernon Quarles 

John was the first child born to G. B. Quarles and 
Hope McCaleb. The date of his birth was October 
14, 1903. Of English, Irish, and Scottish descent on 
both his mother's and father's sides, John reflected 
the enviable characteristics of all three peoples. 

John attended elementary school in Salmon. His 
father then sent him to Exeter, a prep school for 
boys in New Hampshire. There he was active in 
many areas: Editor of the Exonian, Manager 
Basketball Team, member Senior Council, Cum 
Laude Society, Chapel monitor. Christian Fraternity, 
Nathanial Gordon Bible prize (first). 


After graduation, he went to Princeton where he 
continued to involve himself in various campus 
activities. At Princeton, John, as at Exeter, was one 
of the best-known and best-liked members of his 
class (1925). During his college years, John 
supported himself by working summers. As manager 
of the Cap and Gown Club, he was able to save on 
rooming expenses. 

John, like his father, had a flair for banking and 
after launching a career in that field as an employee 
of the California Bank's North Hollywood branch, left 
to become a member of the staff of the National 
City Bank of New York assigned to the international 
division. He spent four years in their Paris branch 
and one year in Nice, principally in the capacity of 
Personnel Manager. 

In 1932, he left France, resigned from the National 
City Bank, and started another career as 
representative of the Elizabeth Arden Company in 
South America. The responsibility for opening 
factories and salons in some of the more important 
cities of Latin America proved to be a heavier 
burden than he anticipated. Transportation, in Latin 
America in the 1930's was anything but good, and 
the red tape, he found, was almost unsurmountable. 
The whole project became a nightmare. In order to 
avoid a nervous breakdown, he left the Elizabeth 
Arden Company, returned to the States and engaged 
in selling equipment manufactured by the Standard 
Register Company to banks in New York City. 

When Roosevelt brought us into World War II, John 



attended the Naval Academy at Pensacola, 
completing enough courses to give him a start as an 
Ensign. Using his expertise in banking and finance, 
he was able to help bring the somewhat antiquated 
system of accounting of the Navy more in line with 
current practices of the 1940s. Before the war 
ended he acquired the rank of Lt. Commander. 

In 1953 John had a serious setback caused by a 
cerebral thrombosis which left him unable to do 
much beyond simple routine tasks. He was employed 
for a time by J.B. Lippincott Company. Later he kept 
himself busy giving his services as a volunteer at one 
of the New York hospitals and also at the 
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 

John never forgot the personal sacrifices made by 
G. B. to give him a first class education and he made 
some sacrifices on his part to help pay taxes, 
interest on a mortgage, and to contribute when 
emergencies arose within the family. 

John will be remembered for many reasons. Like 
the British, he had a love of flower gardens. When 
he was just a little boy his mother read him a poem 
about what the birdies say, "Come out, little boy, 
and play." "No Mama", responded John, "that isn't 
what they say. They say 'come out and plant 

At the time of his death in 1977, a friend wrote a 
tribute to him summing up those qualities which 
made him a very special person to all who knew 
him. "He was gallant; his manners were impeccable. 
During periods when he must have suffered 
considerable pain and frustration, he never 
complained nor played the martyr. If he knew you 
were upset or disappointed, he would be the first to 
express support. 'Now, everything is going to be all 
right,' he would say. During the last part of his life, 
in spite of his physical limitations, his strength of 
character never weakened. He had high standards 
for himself, but he was usually tolerant of others, 
careful to be gentle. 

In a world from which ceremony has all but 
vanished, John had a fine respect for it." In 
conclusion the lady added, "I am glad, and he would 
be glad, that we are all here to mark his final rites of 
passage." (July 17, 1977). 

John never married, he was a Democrat, and a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 


— Andree Quarles 

John Vernon Quarles around 1920 


Attorney- at -La\v^ 


— U'ill i.tactire in t^c Suprkroe. «nd Oit' 
inCtC'iitirU tif Ihe Slate. 


Monroe Loring Quarles 

Monroe Loring Quarles, born in Salmon on January 
22, 1912, was the first child of G.B. Quarles second 
marriage to Rose Elizabeth Loring of South Bend, 

Monroe attended elementary school in Salmon, 
studied music with the Salmon Band Leader and was 
playing cornet with the band at an early age. He was 
ten when the family moved to Lankershim, 
California, now known as North Hollywood. At the 
age of twelve, an aunt took him on a trip to Alaska. 
The experience broadened his perspective 

When Monroe was fourteen some older boys in his 
school were apprehended for an attempted robbery 
of a filling station. One of the boys shot and 
wounded the attendant. Monroe was with them, 
went on trial in Juvenile Court and was sent to 
correctional school for two years. It was a bitter pill 
for him to swallow. Thereafter he was careful to stay 
out of trouble. 

Feeling himself out of step with the routine of his 
life after his return from the school, Monroe 
disappeared and surprised the family by sending 
them a letter saying that he was working on the One 
Hundred and One Ranch in Oklahoma. For a boy his 
age, the work was hard. Consequently, he didn't 
stay on the ranch long but came back to North 
Hollywood to continue his schooling. Before 
graduating from high school, he "shipped out" again 
to work as a laborer on Boulder Dam. He hadn't 
been at the dam too long when a piece of steel flew 
into one eye. He was hospitalized and was 
incapacitated for some time. 

Better days arrived with his marriage to Pauline 
Rogers Lancaster of North Hollywood in 1936. 
Monroe bought and operated a Texaco filling station. 
In his spare time he served in the California State 
Guard as a bugler. 

Scar tissue in the wounded eye deprived him of 
vision to the extent that when he tried to enlist in 
the U.S. Army, he was rejected. 

However, in 1942, Monroe received word from the 
War Department that they had reconsidered his 
application and that he was to report for induction 
at Fort Ord, California, but not to be assigned to 
combat duty. Monroe remained in the Army from 
1942 to 1946, did light work in addition to being a 
bugler at Camp Roberts, California and at an Army 
camp in Seattle, Washington. At the time of his 
discharge, his rating was Technical Sergeant. 

Once out of the army, Monroe, who had given up 
the service station, was taken in tow by Cliff Reed, a 
Salmonite who was on the staff of MacMillan Oil 
Company. Monroe, who had made a hobby of 
photography, after his marriage, traveled as Reed's 
photographer. Among other places, they went to 

Salmon. Monroe was so excited at seeing the 'old 
sod', he returned taking his wife with him on a 
vacation trip. Monroe never lost his love for Salmon 
and it was only in his latter years that he was 
sufficiently accustomed to Southern California to say 
that the weather was better than in North 

The money he made as a photographer was not 
enough, so again he joined forces with Uncle Sam, 
this time in the Postal Department. He remained 
with the Post Office until he retired in 1973. 

In 1953 Monroe and Pauline were divorced. On 
November 16, 1957, he married Martha Katherine 
Seals of North Hollywood. A child, Monroe Loring 
Quarlels, Jr. was born of this union, November 9, 

Monroe Senior, died at the age of sixty four on 
March 9, 1976. He was an Elk, a Methodist, and a 
Democrat not averse to crossing party lines. His son, 
Monroe, Jr., is a specialist in computer science with 
Glendale Savings and Loan. He is married to Corinne 
Yeakel of North Hollywood. They have two children, 
Monroe Loring, III, born February 2, 1989 and Daniel 
Christopher, born August 20, 1990. 

— Andree Quarles 

Monroe Loring Quarles 

— l£j .Min^lo rcLurriiid from a visit to Butte 
i.-n i.iitevetunijs coach. Ho looks well and 
rt:po;ia t;iia,;s iivciy in that section of the 


George E. Shoup and Monroe Loring Quarles 

Ralph Petty Quarles 

Ralph Petty Quarles, first son of James Monroe 
and Nancy Jane Petty Quarles, was born in Marshall 
County, Kentucky. 

His progenitors are listed with the First Families of 
Virginia. London archivists have it that a certain 
John Quarles was a sixteenth century draper of that 
city and was married three times with the collective 
result that his household was encumbered with 
twenty three children. It is no wonder that several 
sons went to the New World to seek their fortune. 
Son Samuel going to Massachusetts and son John, 
accompanied by a couple of his brothers, signed up 
as a merchant with the London Company of Virginia. 

The Virginia Charter, dated 1609, had the 
signature of said John Quarles, merchant, indicative 
of the fact that, if he arrived later than John Smith, 
it couldn't have been much later since Smith helped 
settle Jamestown in 1607. 

This John of Virginia, or a brother, was the 

progenitor of the two Quarles brothers who 
established themselves in Salmon in the late 1800's, 
Ralph being drawn there by the lure of accounts of 
rich mines in the area. 

Having passed the Bar in Kentucky at age twenty 
one, he soon gained license to practice law in all the 
courts of Idaho, including Federal, and in 1889 put 
out his shingle in Salmon as open for business. 

In 1896 he was elected Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Idaho, served for six years, the last two as 
Chief Justice. 

In 1908 he opened a law office in Honolulu. He 
was appointed by Woodrow Wilson to serve in that 
city on the Supreme Court. He held office as an 
Associate Justice from 1914 to 1918. 

In 1918 he returned to Salmon and practiced law 
until his death in 1921. He was married to Ida May 
Strow of Benton, Kentucky in 1881. Five children 
were born of this union. Two of them married into 
Salmon families. Ralph Jr., married Madge Yearian. 
Their one daughter, Mary Margaret, was born 
February 16, 1922. Mary Margaret Quarles Hasy is 

Ralph Petty Quarles 



currently (1991) a resident of Salmon. Dorothy 
Quarles, born in Boise, Idaho December 4, 1897, 
married Francis Ramey Hall, lawyer, city attorney, 
and Probate Judge of Salmon. 

Ralph Quarles, Sr., was known as a formidable 
opponent in the courts because he was hard to beat. 
His reputation as a lawyer won the respect and 
honor at the bar. Ralph was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, he was a Democrat, 
and an Odd Fellow. He is buried in the Salmon 

-Andree Quarles 

Vera Harriett Quarles 

June 6th, 1919 was one of the happiest days in 
the life of Andree Quarles. Vera Harriet, a baby 
sister, was born. Not so for Monroe who threatened 
to go out to the barn and live with Nellie, the Jersey 
cow and her newly born calf, if the baby was a girl. A 
brother was what he wanted. 

However, the VIP soon proved that she was 
worthy of family acceptance. Monroe stoically waited 
for further developments that might bring him his 
wish to have another boy around. As for this 
important addition to the family, she thoroughly 
absolved her status of being of feminine gender by 
proving that she had a good head and would have 
little trouble in keeping both feet on the ground. 
Throughout her entire life, she took pride in being a 
member of the family and was always a source of 
joy to all parties concerned. 

Her father, pleased because she had a flair for the 
scholastic, showed his delight when she brought 
home good report cards. G. B. remarked many 
times, "If my children, through application to 
studies, can learn to support themselves and fend 
their way in this world, I'm happy." 

Ve Harriet largely paid her own way through high 
school and college by taking temporary jobs. At 
graduation in junior high, she was valedictorian of 
her class and in high school she was a member of 
the Honor Society. In 1936 she entered UCLA as a 
Business Administration major. In 1940 she 
transferred to University of California at Berkeley. 

In 1946, Ve Harriet married Sydney C. Arndt of 
Austin, Minnesota. Two members of the family, John 
Vernon and Andree, attended the wedding ceremony 
at St. Bartholemew Episcopal Church in New York 
City. Sydney Arndt, a Lieutenant in the QMC of the 
Third Army, had received his discharge papers by 
that time and the couple returned to North 
Hollywood. Sydney enrolled as a chemistry major at 
UCLA. While still a student, he started a life-time 
career in the Research and Development 
Department of Turco, an industrial soap company, 
later absorbed by Purex, Inc., remaining with the 

company until he retired in 1983. 

While Sydney worked and attended UCLA, Ve 
Harriet also worked, mostly as a secretary. During 
the war years she was employed at Vega, a 
subsidiary of Lockheed. Later she joined Pacific Bell 
Telephone. She has also worked as a secretary at 
Mutual and American Braodcasting Systems. 

Sydney and Ve intended to make their marriage a 
success and they have done so. Vacation time has 
kept them busy traveling extensively throughout the 
United States. They also went to Europe to cover 
ground familiar to Sydney because of his war-time 
sojourn there. 

Since retirement both have been active in 
agriculture and garden clubs, and both have 
continued to study. Sydney takes courses in his long 
suits, woodworking and gardening. Ve Harriet 
continues her study of French, one of her favorite 
subjects in college. 

The Arndts live next door to the family residence 
in North Hollywood which was occupied by 'Mama' 
from 1942 until her death in 1975. This has been an 
ideal arrangement for Andree who continues to live 
at the residence. 

Sydney was a Demolay when he attended school 
in Austin, Minnesota. Ve Harriet was a member of 
the Masonic Club at UCLA. Their church affiliation is 

— Andree Quarles 

Vera Harriet Quarels - 1990 



Chester Rackham 

Chester Rackham was born in Salmon, Idaho in 
September 1924, the second child of Henry and 
Dorothy Rackham. There was an older sister, Beth, 
and two brothers, Howard and Eugene. Beth was 
born in October 1922. Howard was born January 1, 
1926. Eugene was born March 27, 1927. All three 
were born in Salmon or Baker, Idaho. 

Henry and Dorothy Rackham moved Salmon in 
1919. Henry Rackham was born in Shelley, Idaho in 
1892. He was a World I Veteran and holder of the 
French Cross of Honor. He worked for Nick Burgraff 
in Salmon. He passed away in 1955 and was said to 
rest in the Veteran's Cemetery in Ogden, Utah. 

Dorothy Rackham was born in Dillon, Montana in 
1906 She was the daughter of Al and Beulah Brown 
who had made their home in Salmon. Mr. and Mrs. 
Brown passed away in Salmon and are buried here 
in the Cemetery. Dorothy Brown Rackham worked 
on ranches and cafes in Salmon and Lemhi County. 
These included Small Boys and the Old Smoke 
House Cafe. Dorothy passed away in 1984. She was 
buried in the Gibbonsville Cemetery. 

Howard married Helen Fackrell. They had three 
children, Clifford, Steve and Diane. All three children 
were graduates of Salmon High School. 

Howard served in the Navy during World War II. 
Most of his working years were spent on the Salmon 
National Forest, where he retired after twenty five 
years of service. 

Eugene married Joy Hurley. They have two 
children. Bill and Carol. Both children are graduates 
of Salmon High School. Eugene spent his time during 
World War II as a cook in the army occupational 
forces in Japan. He retired from the City of Salmon 

Eugene, Howard, Chester and Beth Rackham ca 1932 

Eugene, step-brother Jim, Chester and Howard Rackham 

where he worked as an equipment operator. 

Chester went to the third grade in Salmon, then 
the family moved to Ogden, Utah where he finished 
school and went on to College at Utah State 
University in Logan, Utah where he studied Air Craft 
Navigation Instruments. He graduated from Utah 
State and was called to Hill Air Force Base to work 
as an instructor in Navigational Equipment. In April 
1942 Chester joined the Marine Corp and was 
shipped overseas to join Major Gregory's (Pappy) 
Black Sheep Squadron. While with this Squadron, 
Chester received the Silver and Bronze Stars and 
was promoted to Gunnery Sergeant. He received the 
Purple Heart in action on Wotje Atoll in the Marshall 

Chester was honorably discharged on February 1, 
1946. He then returned to Salmon and went to work 
on ranches and as a packer and fire lookout for the 
Salmon National Forest. 

In 1955 Chester again joined the Marine Corp. He 
spent most of this time in Japan and Formosa. Upon 


his honorable discharge in 1964 as a gunnery 
Sergeant Chester returned to Salmon and 
immediately went back to work for the Salmon 
National Forest as a packer and fire lookout and 
patrolman. He spent fifteen seasons as a fire lookout 
on the Salmon National Forest. The seasons were 
spent on Long Tom Lookout on the North Fork 
District. Other lookouts he worked on were Bear 
Creek Point, Short Creek and Middle Fork Peak on 
the Cobalt District, and Ulysses on the North Fork 
District. Chester is a member of the VFW Post 5840 
in Salmon, the Lloyd Shaw Post of the American 
Legion in Salmon and the disabled American 
Veterans Chapter 20 in Salmon. 

Chester is currently working for the Salmon 
Ranger District in Salmon and the Salmon School 
District 291. 

— Chester Rackham 

Marion and Rose Jacobs Rainey 

Marion F. Rainey was born November 22, 1903 in 
Canyon City, Colorado, the youngest son and ninth 
child of Joseph and Mary Biggers Rainey. 

When he was six months old the family joined a 
wagon train of relatives and friends and set out for 
southern Idaho where they took up farming. Marion 
attended school there and did different kinds of 
work during the next ten years: farming, logging, 
construction work, and buckarooing for cattlemen. 

Rose Mable Jacobs was born July 1, 1907 at Belt, 
Montana, the first of five daughters born to Verdon 
and Bertha Bourne Jacobs. In 1908 her parents 
migrated to a farm in the Nampa area. 

She attended schools in Idaho, including twelve 
months at Lewiston Normal School. She obtained 
her first teaching position in 1926 in the little school 
at Browntee. 

Two years later, on October 18, 1928, she and 
Marion were married at Dent, Idaho where she had 
been teaching. On August 26, 1929 their only child 
Patricia Louise was born. 

The depression made farming unprofitable so 
Marion entered the construction field and became a 
shovel operator. He worked at that and as a dragline 
operator for Triangle Construction Co. of Boise until 
the spring of 1941. He then worked as a dragline 
operator on a gold mining venture on Grimes Creek 
out of Boise. Huge boulders caused difficulty so the 
owners moved the entire operation to the Leo Hagel 
place in Gibbonsville in August 1941. This was a 
boon to Gibbonsville as soon all of the vacant 
buildings were rented, stores prospered, and 
stirrings of life were soon felt. 

In 1943 the Rainey's moved to Boise, bought a 
home, and Marion worked for Morrison-Knudsen. In 
April of 1946 they returned to Gibbonsville to 

resume work on the dredge which had closed for the 
duration of World War II. That fall Rose began 
teaching at Gibbonsville. 

With various troubles arising Marion moved to 
Montana and on to well drilling. They returned to 
Gibbonsville in 1948, Rose to teach again and Marion 
to work on Assletis's road crew at the Carmen 
Bridge and for Gold Hill Dredging Company of 
California. In 1950 he began working for the Idaho 
Department of Highways where he continued for 
sixteen years until his retirement in 1967. Rose 
taught until her retirement in 1964, a total of 
seventeen years. Besides her teaching, family and 
community involvement. Rose was the inspiration 
and mentor in the cause of creating a community 
library. The first official site was a small frame 
building which sat on their property. This library has 
outgrown this small beginning many times over and 
is now operated by Norma Scarborough. 

Marion and Rose spent their retirement years 
touring Mexico in the winter and the summers in 
Oregon with their daughter and family Patty Lou, as 
Patricia was known. She and her husband Bob 
James have two children Marilyn and Dale. 

The final home of Marion and Rose was Woodburn, 
Oregon where Marion passed away in 1978. Rose 
died in March of 1987. She rests beside her husband 
in the Belle Passi Cemetery. 

— excerpts taken from The Gibbonsville Gazette September 8, 

— Julia Randolph 

Rose Rainey 


John Simon Ramey 

John S. Ramey was born August 12, 1834, in 
Cedar Grove, Kentucky, graduated from Eddyville 
Academy as a surveyor, could read and speak Greek, 
and taught school in Illinois for two years. He came 
West to Auburn, California in 1854, and moved to 
Pierce, Idaho Territory in 1862. 

In 1867 he was sent as an "under-sheriff," (his 
second term in that office), to collect the poll tax. 
He was guided through the Chamberlain Basin and 
Middle Fork country by a Lemhi Indian named 
Whistle-knocker. Later in 1867, he returned to 
Leesburg, the center of activity in what, in a few 
years, would become Lemhi County Idaho Territory. 

While in Leesburg, he built a cabin for himself, and 
later a store, and took an interest in mining, 
continued trapping, and took up several mining 
claims in company with several other men. 

In 1869 he was elected Sheriff of the newly 
organized Lemhi county, Idaho Territory, and in 
1871 he married Margaret DeMoss, daughter of 
William DeMoss, a restauranteur in Leesburg who 
later became a Justice of the Peace there, following 
the organization of the County. Following his term as 
Sheriff, on May 29, 1871, the Board (of Lemhi 
County Commissioners) appointed J.S. Ramey Road 
Supervisor in and for Leesburg District." 

Three children, Louis, (the first white child born in 
Leesburg) Lee and Irene were born in Leesburg; the 
fourth child, Mary, was born "between Bonanza and 

Margaret DeMoss Ramey, about 1871 

John S. Ramey about 1887 

Custer," according to the Yankee Fork Herald in 
1878 or 1879, During this period of time, John 
worked at the Custer Mill and at the Yellow Jacket 
Mine, where he was the Superintendent. Supplies 
were delivered to the Yellow Jacket by George 
Hyde's mule train, and the huge cable for the 
tramway was delivered by the company mule train 
under the supervision of George Hyde and other 

In 1879 also, John became a guide for Colonel 
Bernard during the Sheepeater War at the request of 
Chief Guide, Rube Robbins, having been sent to 
meet the Army at Loon Creek from the 
headquarters at Fort Boise. Prior to this, he was one 
of the members of the coroner's jury in the death of 
Richard King in Bonanza. 

In 1881 John built and operated a store in Custer 
for several years, and in about 1884 he and the boys 
moved to the Rabbit's Foot mine which remained in 
the family for a number of years. While living there 
the boys built the boarding house which is now 

On February 19, 1898, John died and is buried in 
the Salmon cemetery, as are Margaret, his two 
daughters and his oldest son. 

Louis F. Ramey, John's older son, was born in 
Leesburg March 25, 1872, and his early life spent in 
mining areas of Leesburg, Bonanza, Custer, Challis 
and the Rabbit's Foot mine. While in Custer, in 1881, 
he attended the first, new log school which was built 
the same year. 

Following his father's death, he lived in Salmon for 


a time, and later became a partner in the ownership 
of a livery stable; it later became a garage, and still 
later various other businesses moved in. It was 
located across main street in Salmon from the 
Haveman Hardware store, and together he and his 
brother-in-law, Thomas Kane, Mary's husband, 
owned "the corner." 

In June of 1909 Louis married Miss Clara Blume of 
Challis, and having purchased some farmland in the 
middle of the Salmon Valley from Thomas Kane, 
they made their home south of Salmon. 

Louis was active in the politics of the County and 
served as Chairman of the Board of County 
Commissioners in 1914 and 1916, the period of time 
when the route for Highway 93 was explored by 
himself and Allen Merritt. He was elected three 
times to serve as Representative in the State 
Legislature in Boise, in 1932, 1934, and 1936. He 
died December 13, 1957, and is buried in the 
Salmon cemetery. 

Two daughters, Marjorie and Rosemary, were born 
to this family and graduated from high school in 

(Editor's note) Ramey Creek and Ramey Ridge are 
named for John Ramey. He had an Indian guide 
named Whistle-knocker who helped him in many of 
his ventures as a lawman and guide. He has a 
number of descendants still living in Lemhi County 
and his granddaughter, Mrs. Marjorie Ramey Nelson 
of Blackfoot, Idaho, is writing a book on his life. 

— Marjorie L. (Ramey) Nelson 

Phillip Rand 

Phillip Rand 

Philip Rand was not born or raised in Lemhi 
County, but when he first saw it in 1904 or 1905, he 
fell in love with the mountains and valleys and vowed 
to remain a part of it for the rest of his life. Except 
for two years spent in Southern California he kept 
that vow for over forty years. He was born in 
Medford, Massachuesetts in 1872, son of John Clark 
Rand and Katharine Bates Rand. After graduating 
from the University of Chicago where he was active 
in track and champion tennis player in singles and 
doubles, worked his way west. As conditions of his 
health dictated, he ended up in Estes Park, 
Colorado. It was there he succumbed to gold fever, 
which led him in 1904 or 1905 to Salmon, Idaho. 

Philip Rand established the Big Creek Gold Mining 
Company Ltd. on Beaver Creek, which is now the 
Panther Creek drainage. He worked on several other 
mining projects in the county. In 1910 he married 
Mabel Adele Kadletz, who was a school teacher in 
the county. Quoting from A History of Cliffside 
House. 609 West 4th Street, Salmon, Idaho: 

In 1910. Philip Rand had a four room 
bungalow built for his bride, Mabel Kadletz 
Rand, on a bluff 500 feet over the Salmon 
River, on the outskirts of Salmon City. A few 
years later, Mr Rand, doing the work himself, 
added another three rooms, and remodeled 
the existing structure. Approximately ten years 
later, around 1925 and continuing through 
1928, he added an upstairs, which contained 
five bedrooms and three baths. The Rands 
called their home "Cliffside". 

During this period Mabel Rand, with help 
from her son and daughter and especially from 
Philip, who always encouraged her, was making 
a show place of the grounds with many flower 
beds, terraces, lily pools, an outdoor fireplace, 
a grape arbor, and of course, many trees. The 
grounds were constantly being expanded by 
the digging from the clay hills behind the 
house, and by dumping the dirt over the bank 
on the river side. Most of this work was done 
by young boys who were paid, by the hour, 
with show tickets (movie) for the Roxy 
Theater, which the Rands owned at that time. 

In 1948 Philip Rand died. Mabel Rand found 
the big house and the grounds too much for 
her to keep, and so with her children married 
and gone, she was forced to sell the home. 

In 1953, Mabel Rand sold her home to Shirley and 
Dr. Walter L. Blackadar. 

Before Philip Rand's last employment as head of 
the Department of Public Assistance, he held many 
positions in the community. Mr. Rand was, at 
different times. Post Master of Salmon; a high 
school teacher; superintendent of schools; U S Food 
Administrator; and owner manager of the Roxy 
Theater, during which time he wrote for many movie 


trade magazines. He was very active in the 
community and senior warden and Westry Man of 
the Church of the Redeemer, Episcopal. 

Phil Rand directed community plays, played on the 
Salmon baseball team, was a charter member of 
BPOE #1620 (Elks), was Rotarian, and was, for 
many years county historian. He was a writer, having 
had published many articles for the county in 
newspapers and magazines, and was working on a 
book on Sacajawea when he died. 

Mabel Kadletz Rand was born to John and Jenny 
Kadletz in Lemhi county in 1883 at what is now the 
Snook Ranch on the Lemhi River. She was raised on 
her father's ranch at the mouth of Kadletz Creek, 
went to the school on Poverty Flat. Then with her 
family she moved to Salmon where her father had 
built a home. She graduated from high school at 
Salmon, then attended Dillon Normal School (now 
Western Montana State College) and graduated in 
1903. She came back to Salmon and taught at 
Gibbonsville, Bohannon Creek, and Big Flat. She met 
and married Philip Rand and together raised their 
son, John Philip and daughter Phyllis Katharine. Mr. 
Rand died in 1948 while still a resident of their 
home. Mabel Rand continued to live at Cliffside 
until 1953 when she built a home on the Northeast 
side of the bar. She died in 1969. 

— Phyllis Caples 

C. Jean and N. June Randolph 

The year was 1929 and the Charles (Shorty) 
Randolph family was still growing. This fourth 
pregnancy of Lucy Gillium Randolph was to spell 
DOUBLE TROUBLE! Wayne was now four, Stella just 
three, and Charlotte about one and a half when the 
twins Chloe Jean and Nettie June were born June 
22, 1929. This event took place on what was then 
called the old 'Mosoff Place' (north of Carmen, 
Idaho and on the west side of the Salmon River). 

After attending schools at lower Carmen, Big Flat, 
Shoup and Salmon the girls worked at odd jobs until 
their marriages. 

Its hard to differentiate with twins. To mention one 
is to mention the other. And since June was the 
elder by thirty minutes her history needs must be 

June met Richard (Dick) T. Lemaster down the 
Salmon River at Indianola. Richard had served a 
hitch in the Army and was then on leave in the Navy 
and visiting his grandfather Tommy W. Boyle the old 
Irishman who was caretaker at the Ulysses Mine on 
Indian Creek. Dick and June were married at 
Hamilton, Montana June 8, 1947. 

Meanwhile Jean had already met and married Eli 
0. Lemaster. He, like Richard has also served in the 

•< '^s^f^-j^ '» 


Lucy Randolph with twins June and Jean about 1930. 

Army. Eli and Richard along with their two sisters 
Gaytha and Leatha, were children of Gladys (Boyle) 
and George Lemaster. 

Dick worked at many jobs. They lived in Dillon and 
Anaconda, Montana and many towns in Idaho before 
settling in Cataldo. They had four children: Sally Jo, 
Tommy William, Dixie Belle, and Ronald Wayne. They 
attended schools in Salmon and Cataldo. 

Sally never married. She died of cancer in 1986 at 
the age of thirty-nine. Tom, a career man in the 
Army, retired as a Sergeant and lives in Cataldo. 
Dixie married Dall Scott. They had two sons; Richard 
and Dell. She later married Harry Wilson and they 
had a daughter June. Dixie was brutally killed at her 
work place near Boise in April of 1981 while 
attempting to stop a robbery. Ron married Susan L. 
Gray. He is a career man in the Navy. They have two 
sons: Christopher and Joshua. 

Eli worked at many jobs also until finally settling in 
Moab, Utah. It was at Moab that Eli died by 
electrocution in a mining accident. Eli and Jean's 
children: Carol Rae, Gladys Jean, Owen Gordon, 
Lucy Ellen, Ruthie Ann, and Terry Eli. 

After Eli's death Jean married Charles (Chuck) 
Hoelzle who was the son of Leonard and Esther 
Hoelzle of Challis, Idaho. Chuck had four children by 
a former marriage: Zelpha Maxine (Jackie), Sharon 
Lee, Nancy Rae, and Cleo Esther. 

Carol married Roger Peterson. Their children: 
Jerry, Shawn, and Tara. Gladys married Ron 
Stevens. Their children: Scott, Ron, and Laura Jean. 
Owen married Joy White and the had son Michael. 


Ellen married Bill Bartlett and they had daughter 
Neely. Ruthie married Chris McCabe. Their children: 
Jeremiah and Michael. Terry is still single. Jackie is 
married and settled in Wyoming. Sharon married 
Don Lanier. Their children: Barbara. Melvin, and 
Barney. Nancy married Arden Westfall. Their 
children: Jerry and Dawn. Cleo married Larry 
Moultrie. Their children: Erin, Cory, and Lisa. 

At this writing June and Dick and son Tom reside 
at their home in Cataldo, Idaho. Jean and Chuck and 
son Terry reside at their home about three miles 
south of Salmon, Idaho. 

— Julia I. Randolph 


harles and Lucy Gillium Randolph 

Charles William Randolph, born September 9, 
1893 in Washington, and his wife Lucy Belle Gillium 
Randolph born April 22, 1901 in Rose, Oklahoma, 
first came to Lemhi County in about 1924. Traveling 
with them were Lucy's parents Jasper and Chloe 
Gillium. They were looking for new farm lands after 
suffering several years drought in the Snake River 
area near Gooding, Idaho. Two years later, in 1926, 
they returned once again. At this time they had a 
son. Wayne Albert, born April 28, 1925, and baby 
Stella, born May 28, 1926 (both born at Gooding). 

Charlie or "Shorty" as he was better known 
worked on many ranches along the Salmon River 
and also for the forest service in the ensuing years, 
with his last job as ranch manager for Fred Snook on 
the Lemhi before he retired in 1958. 

During the early years seven more children were 
born. They were; Charlotte Marie, February 12, 
1928; Chloe Jean and Nettie June (twins) June 22, 
1929; Homer Gordon, September 7, 1931; Merle 
Rebecca, December 11, 1934; Lila Belle, June 2, 
1938; and Virginia Rose (Rosie) October 13, 1941. 

Their schooling came by way of the little schools 
at Carmen, Boyle Creek, Big Flat, and Shoup. As a 
young man Charlie served in the Infantry in World 
War I, enlisting from Gooding, Idaho and going as far 
as France. His father, William Albert Randolph, born 
1870 in Iowa, owned a home and farm at Gooding. 
Charlie's three sisters were schooled there. Their 
names were Myrtle, Lois and Merle, Charlie's 
mother, Jennette (Nettie) Cramer, born in Iowa in 
1873, died of cancer at the early age of forty-eight. 
His father later re-married. Her name was Antoinette 
Webb waters. 

Upon Charlie and Lucey's marriage in December 
1923 they cared for Lois and Merle until the 
marriage of William and Antoinette. 

William A. Randolph died October 28, 1946 and 
Nettie died February 7, 1921. They are both buried 
at Gooding, Idaho. Antoinette died June 1, 1977 in 
California, Charlie died September 12, 1966 in the 

Veteran's Hospital at Boise, Idaho. Lucy died 
December 23, 1986 and Homer died October 30, 
1963. They are buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 

Wayne married Julia Pratt. His children: Christina, 
Cathleen, Colette. Chloe, and Charles. Stella 
married (1) John Plettenberg (2) Lester Munson. Her 
children: Sharon, Karen, Jim, and Luella. Charlotte 
married (1) Tom Ranard (2) Herbert Solle. Her 
children: Alvin, Linda, Randy, Susan, David, and 
Greg. Jean married (1) Eli Lemaster (2) Chuck 
Hoelzle. Her children: Carol, Gladys, Owen, Ellen, 
Ruth, and Terry. Her step children: Jackie, Sharon, 
Nancy and Cleo. June married Richard Lemaster. 
Her children: Sally, Tom, and Ron. Homer married 
Mildred Jaegers. His children: Debra and Ricky. 

Merle married LaMonte (Monte) Dole. Her 
children: Henry, Barbara and Glenn. Lila married 
Marshall Sullivan. Her children: Dristen and Heather. 

Rosie married (1) Gerald (Jerry) Dance (2) Bob 
Stephanishen. Her children: Donny, Robbie, Shellie, 
and Bart. 

— Julia Randolph 

Charles William and Lucy Belle Gillium Randolph 


Edward and Martha Webber Randolph 

Edward Bell Randolph came west about 1880 and 
began working in the mines around Virginia City, 
Montana. Word spread among the miners about the 
"rich diggings" over in the Salmon country so he 
came here to try his luck. He mined at Leesburg, 
then Gibbonsville. He use his earnings to buy a piece 
of land two miles south of Salmon and lying across 
the Salmon River against the hills. Soon after he 
purchased his farm, he returned to Wisconsin and 
married his sweetheart, Elizabeth Webber, on 
November 28, 1899. His bride, Martha Elizabeth was 
born in 1879. The couple came back to Salmon to 
live. They became the parents of six children: 
Richard Whitwell, Elijah Baldwin, Charlotte Elizabeth, 
Fred Webber, Theodore Virginia, and John Edward. 

E.B. as he was called raised a big garden and sold 
his produce in town to make a living. He had a green 
thumb and his fruits and vegetables thrived under 
his care. His vegetables were tasty, and the 
strawberries and raspberries were delicious. He grew 
different kinds of fruit trees - apples, cherries, and 
apricots. He kept bees and was fondly called the 
"the bee man" by his friends and neighbors. The 
honey from his hives was excellent and was sold to 
provide an income. It was also given quite often to 
neighbors as gifts. The Salmon River was deep and 
swift most of the year. If the elements permitted, he 
would ford the river with his horse and wagon or 
buggy and drive into town to peddle his produce. If 
the water was too high, he drove across the hills 
and down into town from the bar. He never did 
have electricity. During World War II, when his son, 
John, was flying missions in the Pacific, his neighbor, 
Newell Whitehead, would call him up each night after 
the late news report came on the radio. He related 
the war news to him over the old hand crank 
telephone. His wife died in 1924 when John, the 
youngest, was four years old leaving the children 

Edward Bell Randolph 

motherless. John was in the air force and flew 
many missions in the South Pacific during World War 
II. He came home on furlough in December 1944 
and visited his dad. Two weeks later word came that 
the private plane he was flying had crashed, killing 
him. E.B. bought many evergreen trees and had 
them planted in the Salmon Cemetery as a memorial 
to his son. E.B. Randolph cut wood off his island 
and sold it. His neighbor remembers one 
Thanksgiving day E.B. was trying to finish hauling the 
remaining wood to the mainland. Floating ice in the 
river hindered his progress and the horses tails were 
so iced up they were dragging and freezing in the 
water. Ice kept building up on the wagon wheels till 
they would barely turn. Mr. Whitehead invited him to 
come up to the house and eat a hot meal with his 
family but he said, "I must keep at it. I have to get 
the wood finished." And he continued on with his 
work. He lived alone on his little farm until he was 
in his late seventies, then moved to a small house up 
on the bar. He died there in 1950 at the age of 
eighty one. 

— History Committee 

Fred and Wilma Randolph 

After finishing the eighth grade I worked four 
summers at the Neimann Ranch on Big Flat, 
housekeeping, washing all the milk buckets and the 
separator, cooking and baking bread for about ten to 
twelve people three times a day. When fall came I 
had thrashers which made about twenty and all of 
this for a dollar a day from 5 a.m. until after supper 
at 7 p.m. 

The fall of 1931 I went to Horse Prairie, Montana 
to work as a housekeeper for Brenners. Fred was in 
Butte peddling honey as he did every winter. We 
were married on June 10, 1932 and moved to Butte. 
That was my first time to see minus sixty degree 
weather. We moved back to Salmon and Carlene was 
born June 10, 1933, our first anniversary. 

Two years later we bought two acres of land from 
Bill and Delia Boomer for twenty-five dollars an acre. 
We bought lumber for ten to fifteen dollars to build a 
honey house but decided to live in it and give up our 
tent house to be used as a workshop and honey 

During this time Bob, Dick and Jack were born. 
Not going to Butte anymore, Fred got a job in the 
Post Office. We were doing okay then came World 
War II. Uncle Sam came to Salmon and cleaned out 
the men. They took Fred even though he had four 
kids and another one coming. We named her Fritzi. 

When Fred returned from the army, he went to 
work at Havemann Hardware. My brother Bill, was 
old enough to drive and work so we bought a small 
dairy from Mrs. Larsen. We did not expect it to grow 


like it did and soon we needed help and more milk. 
Fred quit his job at Havemann's and we started 
buying milk. We turned the honey house into a dairy 
and from there we started pasteurizing milk. One 
day when I was cleaning up I had an accident which 
caused me to lose my right eye. We hired Dale 
Combs to run the dairy. We started making cottage 
cheese and ice cream. Then we started hauling milk 
to Missoula to Madson Brothers to be processed and 
brought back milk in cartons. Cobalt was going and 
we had a freight line into there. All was going great 
until the mine closed and all the people moved out 
and forgot to pay their bills. We got behind with 
Madsons and they took our business. 

Fred worked night shift at the sawmill and I 
worked as a waitress at Wally's Cafe on night shift 
too. Fred was elected county assessor and worked 
for about a year when he became ill. He died in 
Alaska, June 5, 1968 while visiting his sons. Dick and 
his wife Janice and Jack and his wife Suzanne. He is 
buried in Salmon. 

I later met and married Bert Ruotsala who was a 
diamond driller in Cobalt. We moved often on drilling 
jobs. In Hells's Canyon I went along as cook for the 
gang. We were there only about two weeks when 
there was an accident and one man was badly 
burned with propane gas. Bert took him to a doctor 
and while coming home that night was killed in an 
automobile accident. 

Fritzi and her husband, John Regarden, moved to 
Coeur d'Alene where she was going to nursing 
school and John was driving truck. They asked me 
to come care for their three girls, cook and keep 
house. I did this for three years. 

In this time I learned to love Coeur d'Alene. I 
started going to church and made many friends. I 
found the Lord and He came into my life to stay. 

— Wilma Ruotsala 

John Edward Randolph 

John Edward Randolph was the youngest child 
born to Edward Bell and Martha Webber Randolph. 
He was born June 6, 1920 in Salmon and spent his 
boyhood on his father's ranch. 

John graduated from high school and later 
attended Poly Technical Institute at Oakland, 
California. He volunteered in the army air corps 
November 18, 1941 and shortly after received his 
wings and a commission as second lieutenant. 

He was sent to the South Pacific where he flew a 
B-24 bomber over many islands in that war theater 
and bombed most of the important Japanese 
military installations. He was squadron leader and 
completed fifty two missions before being sent back 
to the United States for a rest and reassignment. 

John Edward Randolph 

From a letter written home to a friend, "You 
probably hear about the Zeroes on the radio. There 
are plenty of them come after us when we go on a 
bombing mission. We certainly go on some long 
rides. Some last nearly from daylight until darkness. 
Tell me all the news from around the old home town 
as I never see the Salmon paper and am missing a 
lot. The weather must be showing signs of spring. 
Are the bluebirds and robins around yet? Here in the 
tropics one day follows the other with no change." 

John came home on furlough at Christmas time in 
1944 to visit his dad. Less than two weeks later the 
following telegram was sent to his brother, Fred 
Randolph. "We regret to inform you that your 
brother, Lt. John E. Randolph, was killed in an 
aircraft accident at approximately 6:30 p.m. January 
14, 1945 near Orange, California. Your brother was 
piloting a privately owned plane between BIythe and 
Fullerton, California." 

It was learned that he was flying a privately owned 
cub plane from BIythe, California and had a three 
hour supply of gasoline. He left BIythe at 3:45 in the 
afternoon and crashed at 6:45 after hitting a high 
tension wire, while trying to make an emergency 



Following is a paragraph from a letter written by 
the commanding officer of the Santa Ana Army 
Base: "In expressing to you my sympathy, I also 
speak for the officers with whom your brother was 
associated at this station. Your brother's records 
prove that he conducted himself with outstanding 
courage and ability in combat in the South Pacific 
theater of operations, winning five combat stars for 
his participation in important campaigns, as well as 
the air medal. He was commander of his flight when 
he left to return to the United States." 

John Randolph was a young man of exemplary 
character and was a favorite with everyone who 
knew him. After a military funeral, he was buried in 
the Salmon Cemetery in the family plot. 

— History Committee 

Wayne and Julia Pratt Randolph 

Wayne Albert Randolph, born April 28, 1925 at 
Gooding, Idaho, was the eldest child of Charles and 
Lucy Randolph. At age one he came with his parents 
to Lemhi County via the Trail Creek route near 
Mackay. In his younger years he worked for many 
ranchmen such as Earl Pyeatt, Bill Webb, Thurst 
McCrackren, and John Long. He helped on several 
cattle drives going from the Salmon area over the 
old Gibbtown pass to Wisdom, Montana. When he 
was sixteen years old he went to Alaska with his 
Uncle Bob Gillium. While there he worked on the 
Alcan Highway, the Juneau Goldmine, and driving 
taxi in Juneau. On his return at age eighteen he 
entered the Navy in October 1943. He saw overseas 
duty at Guam, Saipan and Tinian in the South 

Wayne got his discharge from the Navy on April 
10, 1946 and coming home by way of Butte, 
Montana, stopped long enough to marry his 
childhood sweetheart Julia Irene Pratt on April 16, 

In the following years Wayne worked as a packer 
for the forest service and on highway construction, 
all in Lemhi County. He drove Uke (Euclid) at the 
Cabinet Gorge and Albeni Falls dams in northern 
Idaho, mined at Kellogg, Patterson, and Shoup, 
Idaho, Butte, Montana, and Moab, Utah, and worked 
in the Smelter at Anaconda, Montana. He retired in 
1986 after twenty-six years as maintenance man at 
Gibbonsville for the Idaho Department of Highways. 

Wayne was instrumental in the forming of the 
Gibbonsville Improvement Association and has 
worked continuously in that organization, for the 
good of the community and his family. At present he 
serves as fire chief and is cochairman of the 
Gibbonsville Cemetery. Wayne is noted for his 
hunting abilities due to his success at getting his elk. 

Wayne and Julia Pratt Randolph April 16, 1946 

He didn't fail for twenty-three consecutive years to 
bag his prey, not counting other years. 

Julia also helps in the Gibbonsville Improvement 
Association. She was instrumental in instituting the 
Gibbonsville Old Timer Dinners. Through oral 
interviews of Gibbonsville old timers she authored a 
book, Gibbonsville, Idaho: The Golden Years, for the 
Gibbonsville Improvement Association to perpetuate 
memory of the old timers. In the early 1980's she 
began researching old cemeteries in Lemhi County, 
which has resulted in a book called This Quiet 
Ground. In conjunction with this work, she has a 
forty-five minute slide show depicting cemeteries 
and grave sites in the county. Over the last two 
years she has worked on the Lemhi County 
Centennial Committee doing oral interviews of the 
Slavic community in Lemhi County. She helped on 
the Time Capsule Committee, and at present is 
assisting with the Lemhi County History Book 

Wayne and Julia have five children, all born in 
Salmon; Christina Marie, born March 10, 1948, 
Cathleen Rose, born July 17, 1951, Collette Mae, 
born June 19, 1962, Chloe Annette, born December 
13, 1963, and Charles Wayne, born November 9, 
1971. All of the girls are married. Charles graduated 
from Salmon High School in 1990 and is waiting to 


go into the Navy. 

Christine was married first to Chester Gale 
Raymond, second to Ira D.Taylor. Her first child 
Curtis Wade died July 16, 1986 at the age of 
nineteen. She has three stepchildren, Debra, Pattie, 
and Connie. Cathleen was married first to Donald L. 
Miller and then to Jim T. Bigelow. She has one son, 
Donald L. Miller, Jr., and six stepchildren, 
James(Sonny), Jason, Mathew, Alissa, Jordan, and 
Aaron (AJ). Collette married David Allen Carter Jr. 
Her children are Jessica and Christopher. Chloe first 
married Dan Fowler and then married Jeffry D. Ross. 

— Julia Pratt Randolph 

Chloe Randolph (Ross) 

I, Chloe Annette Randolph Ross, was born in 
Salmon, Idaho on December 13, 1963 to Wayne 
Albert and Julia Irene Randolph. I lived in 
Gibbonsville and attended Salmon schools until 
graduation in 1982. 

For the next couple of years I worked odd jobs in 
the Moscow, Idaho area and also around 
Gibbonsville. In October of 1983 I enlisted in the 
United States Air Force on the Delayed Entrance 
Program. While waiting to go to Basic Training I lived 
at home in Gibbonsville with my parents and then in 
Havelock, North Carolina with my sister Collette 

Jeffrey David and Chloe A. Randolph Ross 

Carter. I left for Basic on April 1, 1984. 

I attended Basic Training at Lackland Air Force 
Base, Texas. After six weeks of basic I reported 
direct duty assignment, to my first duty station, 
Minot Air Force Base, North Dakota, where I was 
stationed with the 19th Transportation Squadron. In 
November, 1985 I was sent to Taegu Air Base, 
Korea, where I spent one year with the 6168th 
Combat Support Group Transportation Squadron. 
Following my tour in Korea I returned to the United 
States and was stationed at Lowry Air Force Base, 
Colorado, with the 3415th Air Base Group. In May of 
1988 I cross-trained out of transportation into the 
legal career field. I attended a six-week paralegal 
training course at Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi 
and then was re-assigned to Lowry Air Force Base 
with the Lowry Technical Training Center Legal 
Office. In June, 1989 I went to Hahn Air Base, 
Germany and the 50th Tactical Fighter Wing Legal 
Office, where I am currently stationed. In June 1986, 
I married Daniel C. Fowler but this ended in divorce 
in November of 1988. On August 18, 1989, I married 
Jeffrey David Ross who was born in Melbourne, 
Florida and lived in the Brevard County area until he 
joined the Air Force in April of 1988. After basic 
training, he was stationed at Lowry Air Force Base 
until September 1990, when he was finally able to 
join me at Hahn Air Base, Germany. 

— Sgt. Chloe A. Ross 

Christina Randolph (Taylor) 

I, Christina Marie Randolph Taylor, was born on 
March 10, 1948 in Salmon, Lemhi County, Idaho. At 
this time my parents, Wayne Albert and Julia Irene 
Pratt Randolph lived at Shoup, Idaho. 

By the time I started school in 1954, my family 
lived at Patterson in the Pahsimeroi Valley, and my 
younger sister, Cathleen Rose, was three years old. I 
went to the first and second grades there and Mrs. 
Ella Turpin was my teacher both years. In 1956 we 
moved to Salmon. For about a year we lived on a 
dairy farm on South St. Charles Street. I rode the 
school bus to the Brooklyn School for the third 
grade and Mrs. Mable Pearson was my teacher. We 
then moved to a home on Roosevelt Ave. on "the 
bar" in Salmon. I could walk to school from there. 
The fourth grade classes were held in the Episcopal 
Parish Hall, next to the County Court House. My 
teacher was Mrs. Lois Snook that year. 

I think 1958 must have been our year for new 
things. I got a brand new bicycle for my birthday 
that year and later on my father bought a brand new 
car. It was a 1959 Rambler. Also in 1958, we moved 
to Utah. First to the little town of LaSalle, and later, 
to Moab where I attended the Helen M. Knight 
Elementary School for the fifth grade. My teacher 


was Mrs. Barton. I was a member of a drill team and 
a dance group that year, and at the end of the 
school year we performed for all the parents. Also, I 
had a perfect attendance that year, so my teacher 
rewarded me with a little pearl necklace. I was very 
proud of that. 

In July of 1959 we moved back to Lemhi County; 
specifically, Gibbonsville. Mom and Dad bought a 
house there from Marion and Rose Rainey. Mrs. 
Rainey was my teacher that year. I was in the sixth 
grade, and this was the only real "country school" I 
ever attended. That is, there were about twenty-five 
students who represented grades one through six. I 
think there were five students in my grade. After 
that year I started riding the school bus to Salmon 
where I attended junior high and high school until I 
graduated n the spring of 1966. During this time my 
second and third younger sisters, Collette Mae and 
Chloe Annette, and my only brother, Charles Wayne, 
were born. 

Early in 1965, Mom and Dad bought another 
house in Gibbonsville, this one from Mr. Ralph Dean. 
That is where they reside today. 

On April 15, 1967, I married Chester Gale 
Raymond. Our son, Curtis Wade, was born almost a 
year later on March 23, 1968, in Salmon. In 
December of 1969 we were divorced. 

I continued to live and work in the Salmon area for 
the next three years. In October, 1972, I met Ira 
Dean Taylor and we were married on October 31 in 
Salmon. Ira has three daughters by a previous 
marriage, they live with their mother, Mrs. Nancy 
Foster, in Salmon. For the first few years of our 
marriage we lived in Idaho, and later in Montana. In 
1976, we bought the home we live in today, next 
door to my parents in Gibbonsville. 

— Christina M. Randolph-Taylor 

Ira and Christina Randolph-Taylor October 31, 1972 

John and Mary Louise Rathjen 

Louise Mary Lee and John Rathjen moved to 
Salmon, Idaho in Lemhi county in 1934 from Idaho 
Falls, Idaho. Both John and Louise Mary (Mary 
Louise was what we who worked in the American 
National Bank for John, called her) passed away 
while living in Salmon. John passed away on October 
31, 1988 and was buried in Salmon, Idaho. He was 
born in Glenwood Springs, Colorado; the son of Hans 
and Anna Vurmahl Rathjen. When he was a small 
child, his family moved to Idaho Falls, Idaho and he 
received his schooling there, and graduated from 
high school in 1924. Mary Louise Lee married John 
on April 22, 1928 in Deico, and the marriage was 
later solemnized in the Idaho Falls Temple on 
February 14, 1970. Mary Louise passed away on 
March 1, 1974. She was born on February 11, 1907 
at Noble, Louisiana. She was also buried in Salmon, 
Idaho. Her parents were Torrance and Mattie Lou 
Buxton Lee. She and her parents lived in Texas until 
she was ten years old, and then the family moved to 
Idaho Falls, Idaho. 

Mary Louise and John moved to Salmon when 
John was made assistant manager of the American 
National Bank. The president of the American 
National Bank was D.F. Richards. The American 
National Bank was one of the few banks in the 
country that did not go broke in the crash of 1929. 
John worked for the bank until 1951, and then he 
retired from the bank and in 1952, he started a 
private accounting business in conjunction with the 
Farmer's Insurance Agency. John and Mary Louise's 
oldest son, Richard, joined him in this business in 
Salmon, and later purchased the business. Mary 
Louise taught elementary school for fifteen years in 
Salmon. Both John and Mary Louise were leaders in 
the community. John was a member of the Salmon 
Elks Lodge #1620, and was a member of the Odd 
fellows Lodge. He also served as president and 
secretary of the Salmon Branch of Rotary Club 
International. He was active in Boy Scouts and the 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. 

Mary Louise liked to read, and kept a record of 
the books she had read. When she told this writer 
about it, the last book she had read was number five 
thousand. When Mr. Richards and different bank 
officials came to Salmon to check on bank affairs in 
the Salmon Branch, Mary Louise always fixed a 
"home cooked" meal for them, and they looked 
forward to this, Mary Louise was a good cook, and a 
good housewife and a good homemaker. 

The 1930's were not all that civilized in Lemhi 
County, and John told about one "wild and wooly" 
cowboy who had the habit of coming to Salmon and 
getting drunk and then riding his pony down Main 
Street in Salmon, "shootin' up the town" with his 
six-shooter, and live ammunition to boot. John said 


that you could find the under side of a desk in a 
hurry when that happened so that you did not catch 
a stray bullet. 

While I was working for John in the A.N.B., there 
was a young man working there who never had 
much money, and to learn how to use money, you 
had to have some. His mother was a widow, and 
money was a scarce item in his home. This lad was 
a good employee, but he had a hard time with 
keeping his check book balanced, and sometimes he 
over-drew his account. As a bank employee this was 
not supposed to happen, and John talked to him 
about it and then one day we had Federal Bank 
Examiners. When the examiners came they were 
automatically in charge of everything. If they put a 
seal on the books that we had to "post", we had to 
get permission to work on the books, from the 
examiners. They had the power to fire anyone that 
they decided to fire, and this included the manager. 
Then one of the bank tellers had a check come in on 
the young man I mentioned earlier, and there was 
insufficient funds to cover it. John could have lost 
his job for doing this, but he made arrangements for 
this boy to have enough funds to cover the check so 
that he wouldn't have his name black-listed and 
never be able to hold a civil service job. As far as I 
know this young man is doing fine in some kind of 
clerical work. 

John and Mary Louise had three sons, Richard L. 
of Newhall, California, and John T. and James L. 
Rathjen of Kailua, Hawaii. They also had nine 
grandchildren, and five great grandchildren. Two of 
their sons gained much bank understanding from 
their father's profession and when one of the boys 
wanted to borrow some money from the other one, 
he was asked to sign a promissory note at so much 
interest, and payable on a certain date. Pretty 
astute for a youngster under twelve in the area of 
high finance. 

The American National Bank was guardian for a 
young man from Baker, after both of his parents 
passed away. The young mans name was Calvin 
Kuhn. For several years while Calvin was a teenager, 
the A.N.B. had John and Mary Louise take him into 
their home and take care of him and send him to 
school. Mary Louise said that one year at Christmas, 
she and John and some of their extended relatives, 
rounded up gifts for him just like one of the family. 
When he opened his gifts he could not believe 
anyone would do this for him, and he sat with his 
gifts all day looking at them. 

I always admired John and Mary Louise for taking 
this young man into their home, and they had three 
sons who were younger than Calvin. It couldn't have 
been easy for them. 

This history has been put together by Audrey B. 
Jenson. I worked in the American National Bank for 
John for eight years, and I learned to respect and 

appreciate both John and Mary Louise. They were 
good leaders and special people, and I am thankful 
to have known them. I learned a lot of good things 
from them. 

— Audrey B. Jenson 

Mary Louise and John Rathjen 

Eric Ravndal 

Eric Ravndal was born September 23, 1863, in 
southwestern Norway, the son of Olaf and Tomina 
Bie Ravndal. Eric received an excellent education in 
English grammar, penmanship and reading. He had a 
very fine mind all his life. 

When he was almost eighteen years old, he sailed 
for America, landing on Ellis Island. Working his way 
west from New York, he reached the Black Hills in 
Lawrence County, South Dakota. For a time he 
managed a small store at Brownsville. He purchased 
a ranch on Box Elder Creek near Nemo, South 
Dakota. Here he met and married Hattie Johnson, 
who was born in Ohio of Norwegian parents, July 19, 
1872. To them four children were born: Lillian, 
Hazel, Gerald and Claire. 

In June 1918, Eric purchased the Hughes Creek 
Ranch on the North Fork of the Salmon River, which 
had been settled on by David and Elizabeth August 1887. Eric arrived in Salmon, 
Idaho, via Emigrant Car on the railroad in August 
1918, together with household furniture, small farm 
equipment, harnesses and seven horses, including a 
Percheron stallion. Jerry and his sisters made the 
trip in a Model-T touring car. 

Eric loved America and the land, and felt a great 
privilege to live in such a good country. Times were 
difficult and many different jobs were done by the 
family to make a living. Lillian was a school teacher, 


eventually moving to Seattle to teach. Hazel became 
a nurse and in May 1932, was appointed head of the 
nursing staff in the hospital at Kellogg, Idaho. 

Jerry and Claire stayed on the ranch, helping in 
many capacities. Numerous coyotes were a constant 
threat to chickens and turkeys. For additional 
income, Jerry and Claire trapped them in winter 
when the pelts were prime. Hattie was an excellent 
cook. Fruit and produce from a large garden and 
fruit orchard was sold to people from the Big Hole in 
Montana. Large quantities of vegetables, fruit and 
meat were canned on a wood range. Dairy cows 
furnished milk and butter, and cream was sent to a 
creamery in Salmon by mail stage. 

In 1925, the Diamond L Guest Ranch came into 
being. Four small single log cabins were built, plus a 
larger one of family size. Hattie's cooking became 
famous, and people from many states came to the 
ranch. Claire helped her mother in the spacious 
kitchen and dining area, and showed guests where 
the best fishing holes were. Jerry took guests on 
summer pack trips into the Primitive Area, and 
packed hunters out for wild game in the fall. He 
freighted lumber to Salmon with two wagons and six 
horses, loading back with supplies for the North Fork 
Store, which at that time was on the hill where the 
present Forest Service Headquarters are. 

In the meantime, Eric and Jerry cleared more land 
of brush and timber by axe, cross-cut saw and horse 
power. The trees being utilized for fences, firewood 
and other ranch purposes. As more land was 
cleared, levelled and seeded to hay, more beef could 
be raised. 

There was no electricity and all ranch work was 
done by hand and with horses. In the winter ice was 
put up for summer use. Eric dearly loved working in 
the "clearings" until the end of his life at almost 
eighty four years. 

Claire married Ted Hisey in January 1940. Jerry 
and Velma Hillyard were married in September 
1941. They lived on the ranch at Hughes Creek until 
October 1957, when they sold and moved to a ranch 
near Salmon. 

Hazel had died in August 1936 at Seattle. Eric 
worked clear up to the day before his death in May 
1947. That particular morning he ate a hearty 
breakfast, remarked on its excellence, lit his pipe, 
picked up his cane and started for the mail. Outside 
the front gate his heart stopped. Hattie followed six 
years later in 1953 Ted in August 1969, and Jerry in 
February 1971. At this writing, Lillian is still living in 
Seattle; Claire near North Fork; and Velma at 
Nampa, Idaho, since April, 1990. Nampa is where 
she was born and grew up, and where her brother 
still lives. 

— Velma Hillyard Ravndal 

Gerald B. Ravndal 

Gerald B. Ravndal was born May 5, 1899, in 
Deadwood, South Dakota the son of Eric and Hattie 
Johnson Ravndal. He was raised on the family ranch 
on Box Elder Creek near Nemo, South Dakota, a 
short distance from the Johnson ranch where his 
mother grew up. After grade school, he was sent to 
the Agricultural College at Brookings, South Dakota, 
where he attended three terms. By then the United 
States was involved in World War 1, and he was not 
returned for a fourth term. 

Jerry was especially interested in horses and 
teaming. At age fifteen, he was skidding logs to be 
used by the Homestake Mining Co. at Lead, South 
Dakota. In August 1918, when he was nineteen, the 
family moved to Hughes Creek at North Fork, Idaho. 

Jerry became and expert horseman, teamster, 
farrier and packer. His packing career began in 
1924. In 1925, he and his helper took two New York 
ladies on a five week pack trip into the Primitive 

Jerry freighted lumber to Salmon from the Miller 
Sawmill on lower Ditch Creek, and from the Hoffman 
Sawmill on Wagon Hammer Creek, using two wagons 
and six head of horses over the old high narrow 
road. At Gueleke Point, the Salmon River was far 
below the road, almost straight down. One day Jerry 
and a friend had two outfits of lumber headed for 
Salmon. Turn-out points were far between, and cars 
needed to side-track and wait until approaching 
wagons passed by. 

One fellow in a new car kept on coming until he 
met the wagons face to face. The men explained 
why he needed to back his car up, but he was too 
frightened to do so. They asked if they could back it 
up for him. But, "No!", the wagons were next to the 
river side, and the drivers were as careful as they 
could be; but the six inside single-trees striped his 

Gerald Ravndal with El Khamis a young Arabian stallion 


car, which couldn't be helped. The eight outside 
heavily laden steel-tired wheels cut the outside of 
the dirt road, making it necessary for each team to 
go closer to the car. The teamsters apologized, but 
it was too late for the owner of the car to realize his 

Jerry also freighted potatoes to the Big Hole in 
Montana, over the old road through Gibbonsville up 
Dahlonega Creek to Wisdom. 

Since coming to the North Fork in 1918, Jerry and 
his father spent many years clearing brush and trees 
to enlarge existing fields and creating new ones. It 
was slow work with axes, cross-cut saws and horses. 
To supplement ranch income, four log cabins were 
built to accommodate guests, and the Diamond L 
Guest Ranch came into being. Jerry's mother was a 
fabulous cook, and his sister Claire had many talents 
to contribute. 

In the fall of 1931, Elmer Keith and Jerry took 
Zane Grey's party on an extensive pack and hunting 
trip into the Primitive Area, returning by the flooded 
ruins of the small mining town of Roosevelt, drowned 
when part of Thunder Mountain slid off and damned 
Monumental Creek. The Grey party had left their 
cars at Meyer's Cove. The entire trip took almost 
two months before Jerry and Keith returned to the 
North Fork with horses and pack outfits. Grey's 
book. Thunder Mountain, was published in 1935 . 

In 1932, Jerry registered the Rocking Horse Brand 
for his horses and packing business. Later it 
replaced the Diamond L Brand on the cattle. Jerry's 
father milked a small bunch of Shorthorn and Red 
Polled Durham cows. Jerry traded for the first 
Hereford bull coming to the North Fork area. From 
this humble beginning, with close culling and the 
purchase of good Polled Hereford bulls, a herd of 
range cattle was built which looked like purebred 
Polled Herefords. 

In September 1941, Jerry and Velma Hillyard, a 
stenographer and bookkeeper were married at 
Nampa, Idaho. Velma had been a guest at the 
Diamond L Ranch five years earlier. She was an avid 
horsewoman, having ridden since she was a small 
girl. Together, they did their own branding, 
vaccinating and range riding. 

A few years earlier, Jerry had purchased a one- 
eighth undivided interest in three large placer claims 
at a Sheriff's sale. The lower claim divided part of 
their ranch into two pieces. By 1941 the company 
had put a dredge in Hughes Creek. Against the 
advice of the engineer testing the ground, they put it 
two miles lower down from where the richest ground 
was, and they had to dig for flotation. Pearl Harbor 
and the war put a halt to any gold dredging. In 1947, 
dredging was resumed, ruining about forty acres of 
potential good farm land. All three claims were then 
quit-claimed to Jerry. But two large fields were 
developed to add to the ranch. 

Velma Ravndal at the ranch on Hughes Creek 

Jerry and his parents were partners on the ranch 
and cattle. In 1947 Jerry's father died, and 
arrangements were made for Jerry and Velma to 
purchase his mothers's share of the ranch and 

In 1948, Jerry and Velma joined the Salmon 
Sheriff's posse and Riding Salmonettes' Drill Teams. 
In 1952, Velma organized a boy's drill team, 
teaching horsemanship, care of horses, etc. One day 
the county agent came out to the ranch and asked 
why her group could not be made into a 4-H Horse 
Club. It would be the first one in Idaho. She wrote 
her own manual and record book, and had support 
from Russel Hillman in the projects she developed. 
Dean Caldwell, a nephew of Velma's, spent summer 
months with them and became an excellent 

Jerry continued with his hunting parties in the 
Square Top area, but in 1949 discontinued after 
twenty-five years of packing and devoted his time to 
ranching and upgrading his cattle. All ranch work 
was done with horse-power, and excellent saddle 
horses were raised. In 1953, a friend leased the 
Ravndals' Arabian stallion and two Arabian mares, 
affording them a start in breeding registered Arabian 
horses. Jerry then purchased a young Arabian 
stallion of his own. 

In October 1957 Jerry and Velma sold the Hughes 



Creek ranch and bought a ranch close to Salmon. 
The couple organized a 4-H Horse Club for both 
boys and girls. Velma continued to use her own 
manual and record book, and creating her own 
projects, since the Idaho Extension Service had not 
as yet printed their own. Jerry helped the 
youngsters with many areas pertaining to horses. 

The Ravndals' sold young Arabian horses to many 
states and three Provinces in Canada. Jerry's health 
failed, and in January 1970 the breeding stock was 
dispersed. He died February 26, 1971. Velma then 
sold the ranch and continued living in Salmon until 
moving to Nampa, Idaho, April 1, 1990, the place of 
her birth. 

— Velma Hillyard Ravndal 

Wallace and Norma Brown Raymond 

Wallace's parents were living on Birch Creek 
working for Wood's Livestock Company, as it came 
time for Wallace's birth, his mother went to Menan, 
Idaho by horse and buggy. The trip took three days. 
He was born at Menan on September 21, 1916. 

Norma was born at Garfield, Idaho on December 
25, 1922. She was born at her parents home with 
no doctor or midwife. She grew up near Rigby, 

Wallace grew up on Birch Creek and at Rigby. 
They met there and three years later were married 
at Rigby, Idaho by Bishop Leonard Graham on 
August 30, 1937. 

The couple had five children; Mean Raymond born 
May 3, 1963 at Rigby, Zelpha Ann Raymond born 
December 3, 1938 at Rigby died January 21, 1919, 
JoAnn Raymond born June 20, 1941 at Rigby, Janet 
Raymond born October 18, 1942 at Rigby, and 
Wallace Sam Raymond born March 4, 1945 at Idaho 

They lived in that area until they moved to the 
Lemhi Valley in April of 1947 with the Sterley Smont 
family. Norma took off in the car with seven children 
ages two to twelve. The men followed in the truck 
with their belongings. Norma did not really know 
how to drive at the time but felt like she learned a 
lot on the long drive from Rigby. She turned off the 
main road as she neared Leadore and went to the 
first house on the Skelton Ranch. It was muddy all 
the way, sometimes hub deep, but she kept moving 
and finally made it. 

That ranch is now called the Oxbow ranch. They 
worked there for Jack Haney. There were two 
ranches across the valley from each other, so they 
had to move twice a year. After eight years they 
moved into the town of Leadore in one of the Steele 
homes and Wallace worked for Lloyd Clark. 

The next move was to the Benson Ranch where 

they worked for Tex Schmidt on part of the 
Mahaffey Livestock Ranch. They were there for 
sixteen years, eight in the old house and eight in the 
new one. Norma did some cooking for the men on 
both ranches. 

April 1971, Wallace got sick so they moved from 
the ranch into Leadore. For awhile they lived in the 
Lindskog home then later in a house of Darrell 
Bagley's at Tendoy. 

In 1973 they bought a trailer house and moved 
back to Leadore. Ellen Stout sold them two and a 
quarter acres, they drilled a well, and started 
building around the trailer. 

Wallace had a very rare blood disease (periarteritis 
nodosa) which is related to the arthritis family. He 
passed away December 11, 1974. With the help of 
good friends and family the house was furnished, 
and Norma still lives there at this time (1991). 

Norma worked for the Whittaker family, helping 
Paula with the cooking, etc, for sixteen years until 
early 1989, when she became quite ill and lost the 
use of her legs. After hospitalization and therapy she 
was able to come home but still needed the help of 
a walker to get around. She had acute transverse 
myelitis, which is very painful. 

Mean married Tom Dudley and moved to Malad, 
Idaho. Tom had five children, and they later had 
three more. They live in Spokane, Washington, and 
Hamet, California. He is retired. JoAnn married 
Claude DeCora of Salmon and had two children. 
Claude passed away October 1, 1981. Later JoAnn 
married Don Archer and they live in Soda Springs, 
Idaho. Janet married Tom Fleming. The had four 
children and live on the Oxbow Ranch at Leadore. 
Their only son Wally, married Suzie Aldous. They had 
two children and live at Salmon on the Herb Aldous 
Ranch. They now have sixteen grandchildren, thirty- 
two great grandchildren, and six great great grand 

— Norma Raymond 

Helen Read 

I am Helen Read, age ninety one, now living in 
Salmon, Idaho. I had my ninetieth birthday in 
Salmon February 11, 1990. My lifetime has spanned 
the greatest time the country has ever known, so 
much knowledge has been gained, so many changes 
in life style have been accomplished. 

My family, consisting of our parents and two little 
brothers and myself, arrived in Idaho in 1916 with 
two horses and a mountain hack. We were 
practically penniless, having tracked across the 
country all the way from Kansas in a very small open 
sided one cylinder, yes only one cylinder Brush car. 
The little car gave out at Almo, Idaho and Dad 


worked for some Almo farmers to get money enough 
to travel on toward Washington, which we never 
reached. Idaho looked good to Dad. He acquired the 
team of mismatched horses at Almo and we traveled 
on only as far as Buhl in Twin Falls County, Idaho, 
that area known as Magic Valley. The little car we 
left at Almo was a great curiosity in that little 
Mormon community, as there was no other 
automobiles there in 1916. 

Dad settled on a piece of land which was said to 
be open for filing. He built a one-room shanty and a 
lean-to for the horses and a cow. I was ready for the 
second year of high school, but was not allowed to 
attend school that first winter in Idaho. Mother was 
ailing and I had to help her with the little ones. Our 
water supply was a small stream of water from 
which we had to carry all household water. When it 
froze solid and was covered deep with snow. Dad 
and I had to carry tubs of snow to be melted on the 
stove. The only fuel was sage brush and required 
much refilling of the stove. It was also very messy, 
as the bark and leaves littered the floor badly. Dad 
did some carpenter work or repair jobs to get 
money for groceries. Mother remarked in later years 
that he always managed to have money for bacon, 
oatmeal, coffee and flour for the delicious light 
bread which she baked. Our only light was a 
kerosene lamp. 

In the spring of 1917 Dad cleared the sage brush 
off of the land for a field of oats. He was delighted 
with irrigation and the land was loose and sandy. 
The oats grew as high as my four year old brother's 
shoulders. He had been used to dry land wheat in 
Missouri which depended upon rain and grew only a 
foot high in the hot summer when there was not 
enough rain. Of course, some years there was too 
much rain. We also had a big garden which I had to 
help cultivate. Not too bad, I did not mind. If I 
wanted to go to town, I could walk three and a half 
miles, or ride the small rough riding cow-pony. After 
we had our crops well established, a man came 
along and proved to us that he owned the land. 

As the years passed, my folks rented a farm eight 
miles out of Buhl and as there were no buses, only 
school wagons drawn by horses on a three mile 
route, I managed to attend high school by working 
for board and room in a home in Buhl. Buhl was only 
ten years old when we came and already had a high 
school and a grade school, three hotels, two banks 
three hardware stores and several other stores. The 
virgin land grew good crops. Potatoes thrived, also 
wheat, alfalfa and corn. There was not electricity on 
the farms until about 1940 when President Franklin 
Delano Roosevelt caused it to be extended to rural 

I came to Salmon in 1976 to be near my daughter 
and her family. Salmon exists on lumbering, mining, 
cattle ranching, and tourism. In 1916 we were 


Helen Read in 1987, the three hundred dollar doll is part of a 
private collection in San Jose. 

impressed with the fact that there were very few old 
people. Now seventy four years later there are many 
elderly citizens, and the life span expectancy 
increases every decade. 

We must not omit the River of No Return, the 
Salmon River that flows through the city of Salmon. 
It has been important in many ways, fishing, hunting, 
trapping, mining, traveling and just plain enjoyment. 

Idaho is truly the gem state. Amethysts, garnets, 
fine opals, jasper, agates, petrified wood and geodes 
with remarkable figures enclosed are found in Idaho. 
We went with the Gem Club to many locations where 
various kinds of formations were found or dug up in 
canyon and desert areas. 

About 1975 my husband passed a way and I 
moved to Salmon to be near my daughter, Evelyn 
Heidemann and her family. I found this little town to 
be friendly and hospitable with its residents very out- 
going and open-hearted. Here I have many friends 
and am welcomed into different organizations, such 
as Senior Citizens, different church groups and War 
Mothers. The weather here is on the average 
pleasant. We who used to live in southern Idaho 
where it is often very windy, appreciate the 
protection from wind that the mountains give. 

I went with the group of War Mothers one year to 
Boise, taking gifts for the veterans at the hospital, 
for the veterans to give to their wives or mothers on 
Mother's Day. The group goes every year to help 
arrange and distribute a room full of gifts which the 
vets choose. 

In this town I have been privileged to study oil 
painting and water coloring under the tutelage of a 
number of talented teachers. I enjoy this recreation 
so very much and never had the opportunity 
anywhere else. 



Thou too sail on, oh Ship of State. 

Sail on, oh Union strong and great. 

Humanity with all its fears, 

Is hanging breathless on thy fate. 

Sail on, nor fear to breast the sea. 

Our hearts, our hopes, our prayers, our tears 

Our faith triumphant o'er our fears, 

Are all with thee, 

Are all with thee. 

— Helen Read 

Benjamin and Phyllis Reagle 

Phyllis Jane Bates Reagle was born in Salmon in 
1923. Benjamin Leroy Reagle was born in 
Stevensville, Montana in 1920. Ben came to Salmon 
with his parents, Charley and Ella Reagle and two 
brothers, Leonard and Robert. They purchased a 
ranch at the mouth of Sandy Creek in 1928. The 
boys attended Sandy Creek School, with the teacher 
often boarding with them. 

Ben and Phyllis married in 1939. They did not 
have many assets and were very young, but they 
were determined. Their first business venture was 
buying an old truck that had surely seen better days. 
The good thing about it was it could be paid for in 
wood. Early and late they were on the old Stormy 
Peak until it was paid for. Little by little other 
equipment was acquired. About this time, 1940, Julia 
Ann Reagle was born. The birth was at the Rose 
Hospital with Dr. Stratton and Mrs. Rose officiating. 

The business was prospering and 1943 Sharron 
Lee Reagle was born, same place, same crew. The 
war was going by this time and tires as well as gas 
were rationed. Their business had been classified as 
essential so Ben was not in risk of being drafted. 
Instead of taking advantage of war time as so many 
did, Ben joined the Navy. 

When Ben was assigned to the Naval Base in 
Treasure Island, the family moved to Oakland. Ben 
was soon shipped out and Phyllis got a job with 
General Motors. The girls learned the impersonal life 
of a day care center and Ben and Phyllis learned 
what homesick meant. 

It was 1948 before the family came back to 
Salmon. Back to a very depressed economy, and 
one of the coldest winters in many years. That did 
not keep the stork from landing, Annette Jill Reagle 
was born in December. 

The next spring the family purchased Phyllis's 
family place. It was an ideal place for children to 
grow up. The girls had horses and lots of room to 
ride them. 

In 1952 Susan Joy was born. This little girl 
completed the family. When she was only nine 

months old her little hands were badly burned. By 
the time she was eleven, there had been eight 
operations to repair her injuries. She seemed to take 
them in stride however, and grew up to be a happy 
and outgoing child. 

Ben retired in 1983 after having tried and 
mastered about every job he ever tried his hand at. 
In 1989 their daughters and a host of friends 
honored them with a fiftieth Wedding Anniversary 

— Phyllis Reagle 

Leonard and Christina Reagle 

In 1870 John Franklin Wood left Missouri in a 
covered wagon. It took the family six months to 
reach the Bitterroot Valley in Montana. While 
crossing the plains they were attacked by Indians 
and hid their six month old son, Benjamin Franklin, 
in a water barrel. John and his wife Mary Louise 
Alford had ten children. They gave each child a 
ranch in the Bitteroot Valley. Benjamin Franklin 
married Myrtle Rosa Mize February 17, 1897. One of 
their children was Ella Agnus, she was born on Burnt 
Fork Creek outside of Stevensville, Montana on 
October 4, 1901. She married Charles Reagle who 
was born in Greenville, Pennsylvania in 1897. He was 
raised by his grandmother and traveled west with an 
older brother. They worked for the railroad and 
ranchers on their way west. While working for Ben 
Wood he met and married Ella Wood, Sept 1916 in 
Stevensville, Montana. They had three sons, Robert 
Raymond, Leonard Wood and Benjamin Leroy. The 
family moved from Montana to Sandy Creek in 
Lemhi County, Idaho, October 17, 1928. It took 
them from six in the morning to very late that night 
to make the trip, all on dirt roads. The boys started 
school in the Sandy Creek schoolhouse, the next 
day. Leonard was in the fifth grade at this time. He 
worked on the ranch and helped neighbors until he 
was in the eighth grade. He then went to High 
School in Stevensville, Montana. 

Leonard joined the army in 1940 and went to 
Europe in World War II. He was wounded on the 
Belgium, German line on December 18, 1944 by an 
artillery shell. While recuperating he went to 
Agriculture College in London, Edinburgh and 
Abdereen Scotland. He met Christina Ingle Scott 
waitressing in a cafe in Edinburgh in October 1945. 
She was born January 18, 1929. Her dad was 
William James Scott, born August 28, 1904, died 
December 14, 1989. Her mom, Christina Moffat was 
born September 28, 1908, still living, all born in 
Edinburgh. Chris has one brother James, four 
sisters. May, Jean, Morag, and Anne. Chris became a 
United states citizen June 11, 1955 after studying 
three months for the test. It was twenty two years 


before she went back to Scotland the first time. 
Leonard and Chris were married April 6, 1946 in 

Leonard finished his tour in the army and went 
back to Sandy Creek. Chris went to a war bride 
camp in Tidworth, England for ten days then sailed 
from South Hampton, England on the John J. 
Erickson. It took ten days sailing and the brides were 
two days in dry dock in New York. Chris took the 
train west, it took four days to get to Missoula, 
Montana where she was met by Leonard. They lived 
on the ranch at Sandy Creek where Lenore Anne 
and Kathleen were born, in Salmon. 

They moved to the Carlson Ranch in the 
Pahsimeroi Valley where they ranched until 1952. 
While they were there Christine and John Scott were 
born in the hospital in Salmon. Christine drowned in 
an irrigation ditch on the ranch October 10, 1951. 
She was one and a half years old. In January 1952 
the family moved back ot Sandy Creek. They had 
two more boys, Robert James and Danny Charles. In 
January of 1972 their house burned to the ground 
and everything was lost. After the school closed at 
Sandy Creek in 1957 they bought the school house 
and when their home burned the people of Lemhi 
County helped build a new house in the old school 
where they still live. 

They milked cows for many years. Bob and Ben 
hauled the milk from the Lemhi farmers from 1945 
to 1951 to Rocky Mountain Creamery. Leonard then 
hauled from 1951 to 1973. In 1964 the creamery's 
name changed to Salmon Valley Cheese. Leonard 
sold his cows on a government sellout in 1986 and 

— Kathy Reagle McDonald 
John Arthur Reddington 

John was born May 11, 1899, in the old town of 
Junction, Idaho. He was the second child and first 
son of John Burns Reddington and Cora Ellen 
Shelley. He had an older sister Olive Marie and 
younger brothers and sisters; Marvin Milton, Ivan 
Vanta (Cy), Wayne Marvin, Elsa Gertrude, and Mary 
Abigale (Maemie). 

John was called Buck when he was small, and the 
nickname remained with him throughout his entire 
life. The family operated a cattle ranch near 
Leadore, and Buck was raised on the family ranch 
and developed a love of working with livestock from 
his dad. 

The Reddington children went to the old Cottom 
School, receiving their early childhood education in 
this rural school. The building can still be seen, a 
solitary log structure near Highway 28. 

Buck was a member of the first graduating class 
from Leadore High School in 1918. There were three 

John Arthur Reddington 

graduated; William Yearian, Frances Benedict Owens, 
and John A. Reddington. They were honored at a 
fiftieth year dinner at Leadore High School on June 
29, 1968. 

After graduating from high school. Buck entered 
the University of Idaho, then left school in November 
of 1918 to enlist in the U.S. Army. After serving a 
short time in the service, he returned to Leadore to 
take up ranching again with his dad. 

During the depression, the cattle operation went 
broke, so he started working at whatever jobs that 
were available. He worked as a butcher, drove teams 
of horses for road construction in Lemhi County and 
was the janitor of the Salmon High School from 
about 1942 to 1965 when he retired. He also 
continued to milk cows, sold milk and eggs to 
neighbors and had a wood-hauling business. He 
continued to haul wood from the forest and deliver it 
until he was eighty-five years of age. He also worked 
during his retirement years for the U.S. Forest 
Service at North Fork. 

When the children were small the family moved to 
Galen, Montana, were Buck worked as a butcher. He 
was never happy living out of Lemhi County and 
returned to Salmon as soon as he could find suitable 


employment. Buck was always willing to help people 
who were less fortunate than he was. He served as 
chairman of the Elks' Lodge Christmas Committee 
for many years, and that meant something special to 

Buck was married three times, the first of which 
was to Edith Elizabeth Maes of Leadore. To this 
union were born four children: Peggy, Mary, Marvel, 
and Sam. Sam died as an infant. This couple were 
divorced in 1929, and Edith left the Lemhi Valley 
with the children. 

Late in 1929, Buck was married to Nellie Arilla 
Hirschy McLaughlin, who was the mother of Grover, 
Sylvia, Nook, Carl, Wesley (Dutch), and Al. One son, 
was born in 1930. Nellie died at the family home in 

He married Dottie Stephanishen Darrow in 1969 in 
Salmon. He and Dottie had a number of good years 
together. They could be seen attending card parties, 
Senior Citizen dinners; active in the Grange, Elks' 
Lodge, and Eagles' Fraternal Organizations, they 
spent many hours working and enjoying the social 
life of these Lodges. 

Buck was truly an Idaho Pioneer. He was a hard 
working, caring person who was self-reliant and 
loved the Lemhi Valley. He saw the valley grow and 
noticed the many changes that took place during his 
lifetime. He spent many hours reminiscing about the 
early history of the valley and was eager to share 
this knowledge with his family and friends. Buck was 
a devoted parent, grandparent, and a good friend to 
all who knew him. His legacy will live on with the 
history of this valley which he loved so much. He 
passed away on March 5, 1990. 

— Penny Jepperson 

John Reddington 

Cora Shelly Reddington 

John and Cora Shelly Reddington 

John Milton Burns Reddington was born in Kansas 
City, Missouri, June 26, 1873. In March 1886 he 
came West with his father, Milton Lloyd Reddington, 
and his mother Sarah Yearian Reddington, His sister 
Nellie Maggie and his brother Joseph Robert. They 
settled on Lee Creek Ranch in Junction Idaho 
(Leadore). Later it became known as the Reddington 
Ranch. After coming to Idaho, two more children 
were born, Minnie Maude and Clara Blanch. When 
their father passed away, they moved to Dillon, 
Montana. Later they moved back home to their 
ranch in Lemhi County, Idaho, where Sarah died. 

John Milton was united in marriage to Cora 
Shelley. To this couple seven children were born, 
OIlie, John, Wayne, Maemie, Elsa, Marvin and Ivan. In 
1949 they were all living in Salmon. 

Nellie Margaret was married to Columbus Mulkey. 
They had eight children, two of them died in infancy. 
Their names were Clarence, Edith, Blanche, Burrell, 
Maude and Cora. 

Joseph Robert was married to Alma McDevitt and 
they had three children, Julia, Nellie, and Theodore. 

Minnie Maude was united in marriage to George 
Shelley and to this union four children were born. 


Laverna and Dorothy died at an early age. Don and 
Betty Jane moved to Boise, Idaho. 

Clara Blanche was united in marriage to Frank 
Proulx and they had one son, Frank Donald. 

This part is the history of the children of John 
Milton and Cora Shelley Reddington. Olive married 
Milford Allred on December 21, 1914. They had two 
children, Lester John and Hazel Grace. They were 
both born in Leadore, Idaho. Lester was born in 
1916 and Hazel in 1919. Later they moved to 
Salmon. Lester married Wanda Lucille Hancock. 
Hazel married Virgil Earl Schofield. 

John Arthur Reddington married Edith Elizabeth 
Moes in October 1922. They were blessed with four 
children, Margaret Louise, Samuel Milton, Mary, and 
Marvell Joyce. They were later divorced and John 
(Buck) married Nellie Arilla Hirschy. A baby boy was 
born to them. Orville Arthur Reddington. Nellie 
passed away in Salmon August 29, 1959. 

Wayne lived with his mother Cora in Salmon. Mary 
Abigale, (Maemie) married Ted Ellis and they were 
blessed with one child, a boy. John Francis Ellis. 
Maemie was a school teacher for many years. 

Elsa married Vern Thomas Chandler and they had 
three children. The names of their children are 
Thomas Vern Chandler, Gerald Francis Chandler and 
LuAnne Chandler. Marvin married Opal Jones, and 
they had two children, Phillip and Faye Reddington. 
Ivan Vanta married Maudie E. Webb, they had one 
child, a girl , they named Penny Lee. Maudie also 
had three children from a previous marriage, Sharon 
Rae Noh, James Edward Noh, Jr. and Jerold Joseph 
Noh. Most of the time their step-father Ivan raised 
and provided for them. 

— Penny Jepperson 

Orville Reddington 

I was born September 21, 1930, at Leadore, 
Idaho, the youngest child of Nellie Hirschy and John 
A. Reddington. We moved to Salmon before I was 
old enough to go to school. Being the youngest child 
and living in Lemhi County near brothers, sisters, 
grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins made me 
feel secure and safe. 

At the age of six, I enrolled in the old Lincoln 
Elementary School, where my teacher was Gertrude 
Holgate. I still remember how hard she made us 
work and how happy we were when we could read 
the whole book. The next school I attended was the 
Brooklyn School on the bar. Some things I 
remember vividly were playing tackle football on the 
gravel field and playing basketball in the gym with 
the low ceiling. Ike Gutzman was the principal and 
my coach. He made us work in the classroom and 
motivated us to become good athletes. He was a 
fine teacher, and the kids respected him. 

When I entered junior high in the current Salmon 
Middle School, I felt like I had grown up and that 
that school building was the best place for kids in 
my day. Besides the gym had a high ceiling, and you 
could arch the basketball when you shot. Marjorie 
Sims was one of my favorite teachers, and I can still 
hear her saying, "You can do those tough math 
problems if you try. Now do it!" 

After junior high, it was on to high school, and 
they were wonderful years. I did not seem to miss 
out on much of the fun and remember so well the 
great bunch of people who went to high school with 
me. I continued to like sports and can still recall how 
great it was to play for the Salmon Savages. Phyllis 
Rand Caples was another one of those good 
teachers who made learning, especially literature, 
enjoyable and encouraged us to go on to college. 
Golden Welch was my coach and had a great effect 
on my decision to become a teacher and coach. 

During school I worked for Walt Harris in the old 
Economy Grocery Store and got to know people in 
Lemhi County even better. It also taught me a good 
work ethic, and I learned early that you have to 
work to live. 

I soon realized that I should have studied harder 

Orville and Elizabeth Ann Reddington 


and played less, but it was on to college and other 
pursuits for me. I did have the opportunity to return 
to Salmon to teach and do some coaching from 
1951-53. I remember what a good competitor Dean 
Stokes was and how he hated to lose. There were 
many more students I had the privilege to teaching 
who are now good solid, productive citizens; some of 
them still live in the valley. Kids have always taught 
me more than I have them, and I guess that's why I 
have enjoyed working Education the past forty 

I taught for one year in Mackay, two years in 
Salmon, two years in Wendell; was superintendent of 
schools for two years in Cambridge, and 
superintendent of schools in Bliss for two years 
before moving to Boise in 1962 and going to work 
for the State Department of Education. 

I married Elizabeth Ann Wright, and we have three 
children: Susan Elizabeth Johnson who is a student 
at Brigham Young University; John Grant, who works 
for Albertson's in Boise; and Randy Bruce, who is a 
coach and teacher at Minico High School in Rupert. 
Randy is the father of five children: Matthew, 
Crystal, Heather, Elisa, and Caitlin. 

The past sixty years have gone by rapidly, but I 
will always remember how great it was growing up in 
Lemhi County with a good family, friends and 
teachers to keep a guy like me going. Thanks for the 

— Orville Reddington 

Elizabeth McDonald Reed 

Elizabeth McDonald was born in Salt Lake City, 
Utah on September 24, 1880. When she was seven 
months old, the family came to Salmon, Idaho, 
where her father, John McDonald, set up a law 
practice. Elizabeth, called Bessie by her friends, was 
the oldest of four children. She attended eight 
grades of school in Salmon and her teacher was 
Anna McCaleb, a widow whose husband Jesse had 
been killed by Indians in the Bannock War of 1878. 

As a child, Elizabeth attended the Methodist 
Church and she liked it. Her early social life revolved 
around the church. She joined the church in 1898, 
even though her parents tried to discourage her. Her 
father was a Catholic and her mother was a 
Presbyterian. She was always a faithful and active 
member after joining. 

There was no high school in Salmon until 1900, so 
Elizabeth McDonald went to Logan, Utah to the 
Agricultural College to take her high school work. 
She then took the state teacher's exam in 1898, and 
taught in rural schools near Salmon for two years. In 
1900 she decided to go on with her own education, 
and departed for Northwestern University in 
Evanston, Illinois. She took the stagecoach one 

Elizabeth McDonald Reed 

hundred miles over the continental divide to Red 
Rock, Montana, where she caught the train. 

In 1902 she returned to Salmon to teach at a rural 
school ten miles from town, where she boarded with 
a family during the week. With her own horse and 
buggy, she went home to Salmon on weekends. The 
horse was difficult to manage at times, so in the 
interest of safety, she decided to make some divided 
skirts and ride astride. Needless to say, there were 
some raised eyebrows over this, as it just was not 
done by women in those days. 

Elizabeth was elected County Superintendent of 
Schools in 1908, and served as superintendent until 
1915. There were twenty-six schools in the county, 
the farthest being one hundred twenty five miles 
apart. She periodically visited each school. One visit 
to each of the four farthest schools meant over four 
hundred fifty miles of travel by horse and buggy or 

Elizabeth started the first 4-H program in Lemhi in 
1912, and their first display of work, along with an 
exhibit of local garden produce, was the beginning of 
the annual Lemhi County Fair. 

One of Elizabeth's goals as school superintendent 
was to develop the school as the social center for 
each local community, and while so doing for the 
North Fork School, she became acquainted with 
Elias Morse (Jack) Reed. They later married and 


moved to Bonneville County, where Jack farmed 
with his brother and Elizabeth taught school. One 
daughter. Katheryn, was born in 1920. Jack Reed 
died in 1939. 

In 1946, Elizabeth returned to Salmon, taught two 
more years, and retired after forty-three years of 
teaching. After her retirement she kept busy in the 
field of pioneer history, organized a local historical 
society in 1951, and sparked the construction of the 
first county museum in Idaho, which opened on 
March 4, 1963, one hundred years to the day from 
the establishment of Idaho territory by President 

Elizabeth Reed was always very active in her 
church and a great supporter of its programs. One 
of her many contributions was the church library, 
which she started in the early 1950's. The church 
bell that rings from the church does so because of 
her. When the old church was sold in 1941, 
Elizabeth bought back the bell and donated it to the 
church, which was built in 1951. The old bell was 
placed in the bell tower and was rung during the 
cornerstone services, October 25, 1951. Placed in 
the cornerstone, along with a Bible, hymnal and 
other church documents, was a history of the 
Salmon Methodist Church written by Mrs. Reed. 

The last several years of Mrs. Reed's life were 
spent at the Treasure Valley Manor in Boise, and she 
died there July 11, 1983. Funeral services were held 
in Salmon and she is buried in the Salmon City 

■History Committee 

John Rees 

John Rees was born January 17, 1868 in Duquoin, 
Illinois. His father, Robert Rees came with Mr. 
Pyeatt and homesteaded some land. They both went 
back to their homes in Illinois to get their families. It 
took them ten years to get their families back to 
Lemhi Valley. His parents Robert and Lexa Rees 
came to Idaho in 1877. John was nine years old 
when they arrived in Leadore. John was the oldest 
child in the family and was chosen to go back to 
school and get further education. He went to Indiana 
and graduated from Valparaiso University in law. 

John married Ruth Alice Dunlap, daughter of a 
prominent pioneer family, November 15, 1892. They 
had one son Theodore. 

For seventeen years Mr. Rees lived at the 
Lemhi Indian Agency, during twelve years of 
which time he was post trader, keeping the 
store for the Lemhi Indians during the closing 
years of their sojourn on the reservation. 

While engaged in the work of post trader, Mr. 
Rees began the study of the language, history 
and customs of the Western Indians, and as a 
result of his investigations along these lines, he 

John Rees 

John Rees foreground, unidentified man and Allen Merritt 

had been recognized for many years as the 
foremost authority on Indian life and ore, 
having been called long distances to deliver 
lectures on these subjects. 

According to the eleventh biennial report of the 
board of trustees of the State Historical Society of 
Idaho, December 31, 1928. 


John could speak the language and understand the 
Indians very well. The Indians in the Lemhi Valley 
had a lot of trust in John Rees. He helped Governor 
Shoup with the Indian problems in the Valley. 

Mr. Rees loved history and loved to write about it 
and teach it. He was a teacher for the High School 
when it was at the Brooklyn, the students really like 
him as a teacher and everyone seemed to have 
gotten along with him. He taught history, and 
science. He was a hard teacher, students heard that 
and were scared to go into High School and have 
him as a teacher. He taught school until close to his 

Everyone that knew John Rees seemed to have a 
lot of respect for him. He helped many people with 
the books that they were writing and many of the 
books he helped with have a "thank you", for his 
help in the front of their books. 

John gave a lecture about the Lewis and Clark 
Expedition and he also wrote a few books about it. 
He wrote books on the origin of Idaho and about the 
pronunciation of Sacajawea. One important work was 
Idaho, Chronology, Nomenclature, BIblllography 
published in 1918. He wrote a lot about Idaho. He 
wanted his books to help aid teachers in their work, 
and help students in their research and become a 
handy reference for the general reader. He was a 
man who would try to look ahead and find the 
material or history that would be needed in the 

He was admitted to the Bar of Idaho and practiced 
law. He served as a member of the Idaho State 
Senate from 1894-1897. He also served as county 
attorney from 1914-1917. 

He died in 1928 at the age of sixty. He was 
walking into the W.B. Pyeatt drug store and had a 
heart attack. 

John Rees seemed to have died in happiness and 
we are very grateful to him for the time he has put 
into the History of Lemhi County and Idaho. 

Upper Lemhi Valley, p. 22 quotes Dorothy Pyeatt 
Baker as to the origin of the Pyeatt and Rees 
families in Lemhi County as follows: 

The Civil War devastation had been great, and 
many of the young men were looking to the 
west for opportunities. 

Late in 1868, Thomas Pyeatt and Robert 
Gillihan Rees bade their families farewell and 
with one wagon and team, along with saddle 
horses, set out to find a new home and wealth. 
Having heard great tales of the gold fields at 
Leesburg, this was their intended destination. 

Upon finding unclaimed verdant farm land on 
the Lemhi River, they quickly decided to settle 
there. The two men staked out their lands 
adjoining each other, built a 'dug-out' to bring 
their families to, paid their taxes and 
assessments, then started their perilous 
journey back to Illinois. What little money they 
had left was gone so they worked for their 
'found'; on the trip home, taking many months. 

Arriving in Du Quoin, they set about 
assembling their stock, household goods, 
clothing and animals, and some farming 
equipment. Finally they started out, ... In May 
1877, they arrived at the 'dug-out' in time to 
start spring planting. 

Both families lived in the 'soddie' for sixteen 
months; then the men were able to build the 
first log cabins with dirt floors and dirt roofs. 
These poor cabins must have been like heaven. 
Yet the dirt roofs blew off, leaked and generally 
made housekeeping miserable. In 1878 
Thomas left his family in the protective care of 
Mr. Rees, and made the weary trip to Corinne, 
Utah for more tools and other supplies. 

When T. L McFarland purchased the Rees Ranch 
on Maiers Lane in 1934 from William Rees (son of 
Robert G. Rees) there was a small log cabin still 
standing, which was probably the first cabin built. 
Mr. McFarland tore down the cabin and that area 
became their large garden site. 

Information taken from the eleventh biennial report of the board 
of trustees of the State Historical Society of Idaho Boise, Idaho 
December 31, 1928, and Patchwork 1992. 

— Emily Herbst 
— History committee 

Robert G, Rees 

The first Rees to live in Lemhi County, according 
to Gilmore Denny, was his grandfather, Robert 
Gillihan Rees. who came from Du Quoin, Perry 
County, Illinois. Du Quoin was south of St. Louis in 
the southern tip of Illinois. Many of the earliest 
residents of Lemhi County came from this area, 
including the Pyeatt, Rees and Yearian families. 

Clara Proulx in her booklet. Early History of the 

Rees Store near Lemhi-part of it is still standing as of 1991 


In front of the Rees Ranch on Maier's Lane, spring 1915, Naomi 
Pees, Robert G. Rees, Joe Murphy, Ed Ellis, Bill Whitmyer. The 
Engleman Spruce Trees were planted about 1884 by Robert G. 

The Rees family had constructed a larger log 
house, as time and money permitted, and planted 
Engleman Spruce trees and Rocky Mountain Juniper 
trees in front of the house. They also planted a 
variety of apple trees (strawberry crab, yellow crab, 
sour crab) as well as native Cottonwood and quaking 
aspen. The main traveled road from Leadore to 
Salmon passed in front of the Rees home. 

There were five children born to Robert G. Rees 
and his first wife, Lexa. Lexa died and is buried in 
the Yearianville cemetery, near Leadore. Their first 
child was John who had one child named Ted Rees. 
John attended Valparaiso University in Indiana and 
became a lawyer. He served as a judge in Salmon, 
was a history teacher and historian of renown. He 
wrote a history of Idaho which was used throughout 
the state as the Idaho History text. He also operated 
the Indian Trading Post at Lemhi. His son Ted Rees 
was an expert at plastering and did the walls of 
many homes in the valley including the Rees home, 
when T. L. McFarland remodeled it, and also the Karl 

Spahn-Snyder home. Ted also stuccoed the outside 
on many homes including the old Rees home. Their 
second child was Robert who had two children. Their 
first daughter was Nell who had two children and 
next daughter was Bell who had two children. Their 
fifth child was Ida and she had one child. 

After his first wife Lexa died, Robert G. Rees went 
back to Illinois and got his first wife's cousin, Naomi 
Walker, to be his second wife. Robert and Naomi had 
the following children: William (Bill), attended 
Valparaiso University and remained a bachelor. Elvira 
and Eva were their daughters. Elvira married Roily 
(Roll) Denny and they had five children, Edmund, 
Evelyn, Bonita, Gilmore, a barber in Salmon, Everett 
(Happy)., a great musician with string instruments. 

Elvira and Roll Denny bought some land from Joe 
Murphey across the river and the railroad track from 
the Rees Ranch. There was no house on the land so 
the Denny's moved their log home down from 
Junction and put it on the property. The summer of 
1988 the Catholic priests moved this same log 
house (piece by piece) to a site up Hayden Creek 
and rebuilt it there. 

A note about Joe Murphey. He worked at the 
Spahn and Snyder Ranch for thirty-five years. He 
married for the first time when he was sixty years 


old to a girl whom he had known back home in 
Missouri. Her name was Barbara and they lived 
happily for ten years on a ranch below Hayden 
Creek until Joe passed away. Barbara then moved 
back to Fenton, Missouri. 

Eva married Murd McPherson. Eva was his second 
wife. They had one child, Sandy McPherson 
Johnson. (By his first marriage Murd had a son, Paul 

Gilmore Denny said his grandparents were all 
buried in the Yearianville Cemetery, so Lexa, Robert 
G. and Naomi Rees are buried there. 

— Melva Kauer 

Emmett and Eleanor Steele Reese 

A handsome cowboy and the beauties of Lemhi 
County opened up a whole new world for former 
opera singer, Eleanor Steele. Eleanor was born the 
daughter of Charles Steele, a lawyer and banking 
partner of J. P. Morgan, and enjoyed an early life of 
affluency in Connecticut and New York. Eleanor had 
two sisters, Katheryne (Mrs. F. Skiddy) Von Stade 
and Nancy (Mrs. Devereux) Milburn both of whom 
were older than Eleanor. Her grandniece, Frederica 
Von Stade, followed in Eleanor's footsteps in the 
music world. A portrait of Eleanor as a young girl, 
painted by her nephew Phillip Von Stade, hangs in 
Steele Memorial Hospital in her memory. 

Eleanor and Emmett Reese 

Her studies in music took Eleanor to Europe. She 
sang at LaScalla in Italy and lived in Paris for a time. 
In her early years she performed in Europe as a 
concert and opera singer, a career she abandoned in 
the early 1940's when she married Emmett Reese. 
Eleanor was involved with opera companies in the 
United States as well as singing before the crowned 
heads of Europe. Her career lasted twenty years and 
came to a halt when her third marriage ended. 

Eleanor's earlier marriages did not provide the 
lasting happiness that her marriage to Emmett 
Reese did. Emmett Pascal Reese was born on May 
7, 1907 in Laurel County, Kentucky. He was the son 
of Hiram Nathan and Susan Annie Ponder Reese. 
Emmett had nine brothers and sisters. 

Emmett received his schooling in Kentucky and at 
the age of nineteen moved to Oregon and then 
settled in Idaho. He trapped in this area and worked 
for the Forest Service. He was working on a dude 
ranch in Montana when he and Eleanor met. 
Eleanor's father brought her out west to visit several 
years in a row. 

Eleanor was serious about her studies and enjoyed 
her successful musical career to a point . . . but after 
she met and fell in love with Emmett her former life 
had little meaning for her. She still loved to sing and 
play the piano, but once she came west she knew 
this was where she wanted to live the rest of her 

In an interview Eleanor said "It was quite a change 
moving form Connecticut to Salmon, but I loved it 
from the moment I saw it. It was just the sort of 
place I had always dreamed of. It just heavenly down 
there (Pine Creek Ranch)." Eleanor did not like 
society and life in the west was a refreshing change. 

After their marriage Eleanor bought the Pine Creek 
Ranch as a wedding present for Emmett. She 
worked on the ranch herself, gardening, raising 
chickens, and helping on the range. She did the 
book work for the ranch and cooked for ranch hands 
for a while. Later they hired a cook. 

The Reeses started an exceptional cattle herd. The 
original Pine Creek Ranch consisted of one hundred 
eighty six acres and later two hundred twelve more 
acres were purchased from Will Poyner. They started 
out with twenty-two head of cattle and built it up to 
one hundred fifty. Eleanor was secretary for the 
business and handmade the sales bills. Emmett took 
care of the herd production. Their cattle were sold 
and shipped all over the world. 

They bought the Chris Neilson Ranch near Baker 
which contained over sixteen hundred acres and 
renamed it Pine Creek Ranch. At the lower end of 
the ranch they built a comfortable but unassuming 
home. Emmett and Eleanor later gave the original 
Pine Creek Ranch to the Girl Scout Organization. 

Eleanor was a kind, gracious, frugal, hardworking, 
private and very, very "giving" person. She loved 


birds and owls were a favorite. A lot of owls and 
other birds lived in the trees surrounding their 
home. Eleanor placed bird feeders around the house 
and in the evening she and Emmett enjoyed sitting 
outside to watch them. Her front room drapes were 
specially made locally from material containing a 
bird print. Carved wooden owls hung on her walls. 
Mrs. Reese gave her home and twenty eight acres of 
land at Greenwich, Connecticut to the National 
Audubon Society in 1942 for a bird sanctuary 
together with an endowment fund for its 

Her philanthropic efforts were endless. Salmon 
obtained their first real hospital through Eleanor 
Reeses' contributions. Since she did not like her own 
name attached to any charities the hospital was 
named "Steele Memorial" in memory of her father. 

She created the Steele-Reese Foundation to aid 
operating charities principally in Idaho and Southern 
Appalachia as well as medical, religious, and 
educational institutions including the College of 
Idaho. There was a list of over one hundred charities 
to which checks were written each year. The 
SteeleReese foundation made it possible for many 
young people to go to college. Eleanor paid the 
hospital and funeral bills for many. Her contributions 
made the library, animal shelter, and many 
educational programs a possibility for Salmon. She 
helped many people she knew were in need through 
personal funds, even though there was no "tax 
write-off." Contributions were made to many 
churches and eventually she donated her own well- 
loved piano to a local church. 

Emmett developed what apparently was 
Alzheimer's disease. Eleanor did not want him placed 
in a nursing home after her death, so round the 
clock home care was provided for him. He was able 
to live in his own home until his death. Eleanor 
passed away June 20, 1977 at her home and 
Emmett was cared for there until his death in 

September 1982. {Patchwork May 1991) 

— Tracy Charles 
— Edited History Committee 

Alden and DeLeath Rice 

The farm Alden Rice bought from his father-in-law 
George Arthur Hodges was part of the Colonel 
George L. Shoup Ranch. They built a log house 
which still stands. 

Alden started a dairy which later he sold to his son 
George. Alden was a hard worker, he hauled milk on 
a route lifting milk cans onto the back of a pickup 
and taking them to Salmon Valley Creamery. He had 
a wooden leg but many people did not know it 
because he was able to do so many things. 

Alden and DeLeath worked in town at the Salmon 
Bakery. He delivered to the stores and restaurants. 
She helped make the baked goods. DeLeath worked 
at Saveway wrapping meat for twelve years. She 
worked until she was sixty-nine, she was a hard 
worker too. 

George Rice moved to Salmon from Leslie, Idaho 
in 1943 with his parents, Alden S. Rice and DeLeath 
Hodges Rice, He attended school in the old Brooklyn 
School starting in the sixth grade. They lived in an 
old cabin with a sod roof the first winter they were 
here. He helped his dad and Uncle Gar Hodges tear 
down the old Lemhi Creamery which stood where 
the Steele Memorial Hospital stands today. Some of 
the materials were used in their new homes which 
they later built. George remembers helping his folks 
sell homemade ice cream at the rodeo and horses 
races which Audrey and Art Hodges held. 

Alden and DeLeath had four children Alden B. born 
September II, 1927 at Ukiah, California. George A. 
was born December 22, 1931 in Ogden, Utah. Their 
first daughter Gaylene was born in Arco on May 20, 
1940 and JoyAnn in Salmon on January 31, 1946. 

Alden S. Rice's parents were Hyrum S. and Laura 
Smith Rice, He was born July 22, 1905 in Garland, 
Utah. Alden died February 13, 1989. George Arthur 
Hodges and Chloe Elma Lisonbee Hodges were 
DeLeath's parents. Anna DeLeath was born on Flag 
Day June 14, 1906 in Monroe, Utah. They have 
ninteen grand children and thirty-eight great grand 

— Shirley Rice 

Clara Louise Brown Rice 

My family and I moved from Sheridan, Wyoming to 
Salmon in the spring of 1934. Being unable to find 
housing, we pitched a tent on Jesse Creek, close to 
an Indian home. This was no big deal because my 
family had been friends with the Indians wherever 
we lived. Dad and Mother were loved and respected 
by all of them. 

We lived in several places around Salmon before 
Dad and my brothers built a house on Main Street 
for us, just in front of the old fairgrounds and race 
track. The High School is on that property now. 

Dad and my brothers made our living by hauling 
and selling firewood for $5 to $7 a cord. I remember 
rows and rows of ricked wood that I helped stack 
(three hundred to five hundred cords at times). If 
people did not have the money for wood. Dad gave 
it to them. He was like that, always helping 

Wages were not very good, I baby-sat for five to 
ten cents per hour, and worked on a ranch as a 
"mother's helper" for less than a dollar a day. Later, 
I worked at the theater for thirty-five cents an hour 


and thought I was making great money. Back then, 
however, we could buy bread for ten cents a loaf, 
and a sack of candy for a nickel. 

School days in Salmon were great, I have many 
fond memories. The teachers were special and very 
dedicated. To name just a few, Mrs. Holgate, Mrs. 
Snook, Miss Donnaly, Mr. Allen, Mrs. Gutzman, Mr. 
Welch and Mr. Dickerson. I loved them all. 

My Dad died in 1940 and life was hard for mother 
and us kids. We all worked, earning what we could. 
We always had a big garden, raised chickens, and 
kept a cow. The boys got deer and elk meat during 
open seasons, so we never went without food. 
Mother took in washing and ironing. I think we are 
better people because of the hard work and hard 

My husband Bud came to Salmon in the fall of 
1943 with his parents, Alden and DeLeath Rice, who 
moved from Leslie Idaho to a ranch south of Salmon 
which was part of the Shoup Ranch. They bought 
the ranch from Bud's grandfather. Art Hodges, who 
owned and raced horses. His second wife, Audrey, 
was a great horsewoman; she had a horse named 
"Patches" that she trained and performed with at 

Bud and Clara Rice 

rodeos and horse shows. 

I soon met Bud at a church dance and we began 
dating. He went to high school in Salmon for a year 
before going into the Navy. He came home in the 
spring of 1946 and we were married May 24, 1946. 

We lived on the ranch about one and a half years, 
then moved into town. Bud worked at the laundry, 
drove the bakery truck, and ran the projectors at 
both the Main and Roxy theaters. We then moved to 
Missoula, Montana, where we stayed for ten years. 
Bud drove a produce truck, hauling potatoes to 
California, and vegetables and fruit back to a fresh 
produce market in Missoula. 

Idaho called us back in 1962 with Boise our 
destination. We bought a fastfood drive-inn, which 
we ran for eight years. We tired of the big city, sold 
out, and moved to Emmett. Bud is an insurance 
agent, with retirement coming up in a year or two. 
We love Emmett and probably will remain here. 

Two of our children were born in Salmon and two 
in Missoula. Three of them graduated from Boise 
High School and one married in Boise. The youngest 
son finished school in Emmett, and then went into 
the Air Force. These kids are, Alden, Jenneal Futrell, 
Mel and Craig. They live in the Boise, Emmett, and 
Seattle areas. We have seventeen grandchildren. 

— Clara Louise Brown Rice 
George and Shirley Rice 

My name is Shirley Rice. I am the wife of George A. 
Rice. We are the parents of seven children and grand- 
parents to twenty grandchildren. My parents were Wil- 
liam Charles MacRae and Leia May Tanner MacRae 
Wilson. They named me Shirley Mae, I was born Oc- 
tober 12, 1931 in Rupert, Idaho. 

George's folks were Alden Smith Rice and Anna 
DeLeath Hodges. He was born in Ogden, Utah on De- 
cember 22, 1931. We were married August 24, 1950, 
at my parents house on Highway 93. 

I came to this valley in 1946. We both attended high 
school here. We rode the river bus which used to pick 
up all of us. Eli Smith was one of the drivers. 

George and I have been married forty years. We have 
lived on the same farm seven miles from Salmon on 
Williams Creek, south of town. We have been dairy 
farmers most of those years. We lived one winter in 
Ogden, Utah and one in Cobalt. We enjoy Salmon and 
the many neighbors and friends we have in the valley. 
We are proud to have lived here in this part of Idaho. 
We raised our family here. The children were all born 
at Steele Memorial Hospital over a ten year span. All 
of our children graduated from Salmon High School. 
We have had a good life together. 

Our children are Staria Rae, born August 6, 1952. 
She lives in Wellington, Utah, She has been a kinder- 
garten teacher there for nine years. She enjoys teach- 


ing and has many hobbies, she tole paints and reads 
a lot. 

Robin Marie, our second was born January 29, 1954. 
She was married to Lynn Allen Herbst April 2, 1977. 
They have four children Emil, Alayna, Drew and Laura. 
They live at Tendoy on a cattle ranch. They work hard 
to make a good life for themselves and their family. 
They attend the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day 
Saints at Leadore where they are busy members. We 
are all members of this church. 

September 1, 1955 was the day our first son Evan 
J came into the world. He was married for fifteen years 
to Nileen Bowles, they have seven children. Jay, David, 
Anna Maria, Kathaleen, John Michael, James Aldon, 
and Irene. They were divorced in November 1989. He 
was married to Linda Stanger in March 1990. They live 
in lone, which is over by Idaho Falls. 

Kevin A was born June 17, 1957. He and his wife 
Tami Tracy live on the dairy and have leased it from 
George. He works hard with two hundred cows to milk 
and other chores. They have Scott, Tasha and Marty 
who go to school now. 

Chloe and Robert Walker live in Pocatello. She was 
born May 3, 1959. He is going to school and she teach- 
es at a Beauty School. She has had an interesting life, 
living one year in New Zealand and one in Germany. 

Born April 15, 1960 Rock A. lives in Rock Springs, 
Wyoming. He has been married to Brenda Lynn Put- 
nam for ten years and they have four children, Paula, 
Melissa, Matthew and Christina. They are busy people 
with their jobs and family life. 

Heather Littleford was born January 16, 1962, she 
lives in Wellington, Utah. She is going to college in Price 
to be a teacher. After her divorce and moving back 
from Chicago area, she is glad to be closer to home 
in Idaho. Heather has two little girls who enjoy school. 
DeeLana and CarolMae keep their mother busy with 
singing and tumbling. 

— Shirley Rice 

Kevin and Tami Rice 

Kevin A. Rice was born in Salmon, Idaho June 17, 
1957 to Shirley MacRae and George A. Rice. They 
owned a dairy, Kevin loves the outside and helped on 
the farm from a very early age. 

He likes riding motor cycles and horses. Kevin was 
in 4-H and took a dairy calf. He and others in the group 
were shown in a newspaper picture and were featured 
in a newspaper article. Kevin was in cub scouts for a 
few years. He attended Salmon Schools, graduating in 

Kevin attended Vo-Tech in Boise going into Auto Me- 
chanics. He worked at a fast foods place, gas station, 
worked with David Whiting fixing cars, then started his 
own dairy. He is leasing his father's place. Kevin bought 
his own ranch in Moore, Idaho, living there only three 

and a half years before getting home sick for Salmon. 
He is now leasing his father's and a few neighbor's 
places. He is running one hundred and twenty five or 
more cows through his dairy barn. 

Kevin is active in his church duties, was president of 
the Dairy Association and supports the 4-H Club. 

Kevin married Tamara Lee Tracy November 26, 1977. 
They have three children, a son Scott born December 
13, 1978, a daughter, Tasha, born September 4, 1980, 
and a daughter, Tamara, born July 28, 1982. All were 
born in Salmon. 

Tamara Lee Tracy was born November 12, 1958 in 
Salmon and was raised here. Her parents are Elwood 
Gary Tracy and Carolyn Gae Goodwin. Gary Tracy is a 
trapper and painter by trade. Carolyn is an artist and 
hair stylist. Tammy attended the Salmon Schools where 
she graduated in 1977. Tammy, a girl scout of ten years, 
is a cub scout leader and cub scout commissioner at 
the present time. Tammy helps her husband a little on 
the dairy and works at a cleaning business a few days 
a week. She likes to spend time with her children, fish- 
ing, taking them on picnics, going camping and doing 
crafts. Kevin and Tammy like getting out wood, helping 
their friends and neighbors. 

— Tami Rice 

FRONT ROW:Tamara BACK ROWrTasha, Scott, Tami, and Kevin 


Clell and Helen Smoot Riddle 

Clell came to Salmon in the spring of 1930 and 
worked tinat summer for the Forest Service. In 
August he was joined by his wife, Helen, and six of 
his seven children. The economy had not recovered 
from the 1929 stock market crash and Clell worked 
that winter for a dollar a day as a ranch hand on the 
Dell Fife Ranch. 

In the spring of 1931 they bought the Richard 
Holmes ranch on Fourth-of-July Creek and were 
joined by their oldest son, Mace, who came to help 
run the ranch. Times were still hard and the family 
worked long hours in the field. Helen raised an 
enormous garden. She canned many fruits, 
vegetables and meat since freezers were unheard of 
in those days. She dried apples and corn to help 
feed their large family. 

Mr. Riddle had bought dairy cows and although 
the price of butterfat was low, the monthly cream 
check was a source of much needed cash. With an 
old Model T Ford engine they rigged up a wood saw 
and cut wood to be sold in Salmon to further 
maintain the family. Although they worked hard it 
proved to be a losing battle, for in 1933 in what was 
to become know as the Bank Holiday, the Salmon 
bank closed its doors. All loans were declared due 
and payable. The dairy head and farm equipment 
was sold to satisfy the loan. 

The team of horses proved to be the families 
salvation since he was fortunate to hire out with his 
team on a WPA Project. In the spring he obtained 
work with the team on a road contract near the 
Sunbeam Dam on the Salmon River. During the 
intervening years they built a house on the east 
Main Street. By the year 1940 all their children, 
except their youngest son, had married and they 
sold the home to return to Utah 

After managing a farm for a year near Circleville 
and working a year in a plaster mill at Sigurd, they 

Clell and Helen Riddle 

moved to Nephi and opened a coal yard that he 
operated for the next five years before returning to 
Salmon in 1947. After returning Salmon they build a 
house on Daisy Street which he eventually sold to be 
a small acreage adjoining the Bill Clark Ranch. Here 
he kept a dairy herd until 1950 when he sold out 
and went to work as a skip operator at the Ima Mine 
in Patterson. He worked for the Ima Mine until his 
death on November 21, 1952 at the age of sixty- 
four. He was buried November 25, 1952 in the 
Salmon Cemetery. 

Helen passed away in Clarkston, Washington, 
November 20, 1981 at the age of ninety-three. 
Helen's body was returned to Salmon for burial. 
Their oldest son Mace, passed away September 11, 
1952, and their youngest son Kenneth died in 
September 1970. Another son Garn passed away 
July 7, 1962 and is buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 
Riddle's daughters, Bernice, Madora and Margie 
reside at Clarkston, Washington and Keith lives in 
Laurel, Montana. Fourteen of their thirty-one 
grandchildren were born in Salmon. While none of 
the family live at the present time in Salmon they 
still think of it as the old home town and return 
every other year for the Riddle Reunion. 

— Bernice Paul 
John Wilmer and Ruth P. Rigby 

John Wilmer Rigby and Ruth P. Rigby became 
residents of Salmon, Idaho along with their two 
children, Nancy Lyn and John Dale, September 3, 
1962. The massive fire that destroyed the old 
Steven's Drug Store along with other businesses of 
the town proved to be the reason for their arrival. 
With an invitation from Ralph and LaVonne Bartschi, 
former owners of Steven's Drug, to become 
partners, they established Ralph's Pharmacy at 519 
Main Street. In 1965 Mr. Bartschi and his family 
moved to Meridian, Idaho and the business resumed 
operation under the partnership of the Rigby's and 
Wilmer's brother, Sherman, and his wife, Virginia. 
The name of the store then became Rigby's 
Pharmacy. In 1970 Wilmer and Ruth purchased all 
the interests in the business when Sherman and 
Virginia left for opportunities in Reno, Nevada. 

Born November 7, 1931, in Montpelier, Idaho, 
Wilmer graduated from the former Montpelier High 
School in 1950 and received a degree in Pharmacy 
in 1954 from then Idaho State College. He was a 
married man at graduation with a child, Nancy, born 
January 19, 1954. Ruth Price became his wife 
August 1, 1952 in the Logan, Utah L.D.S. Temple. 
Ruth was born in Paris, Idaho, December 3, 1932, 
graduated from the former Fielding High School in 
Paris in 1951, and immediately began working for 
Dr. Spencer Rich in Paris. She moved to Pocatello, 


Idaho after her marriage. Ruth became a Licensed 
Practical Nurse in 1975, a member of the last L.P.N. 
Course given in Salmon. The class was taught by 
Diane Ellis, R. N. and training occurred in the Steele 
Memorial Hospital. 

The Rigby's moved to Evanston, Wyoming in 1954, 
where Wilmer served his pharmacy internship at the 
Warner Drug Store and received his pharmacy 
license in 1955. He then accepted employment with 
the Walgreen Drug Company at Price, Utah where 
their son, John Dale was born September 4, 1956. 
Wilmer was offered a position with Lowe Drug 
Company in Montpelier, Idaho in 1957, where the 
family remained until June 1960, when they moved 
to Challis, Idaho, and purchased half interest in the 
Challis Drug, becoming partners with the Ralph 
Bartschi's in this venture. They moved to Salmon 
two year later after selling the business to Wilmer's 
brother, Clyde, and his wife, Lois. 

Nancy graduated from Salmon High School in 
1972, and then went to Brigham Young University 
and Idaho State University, receiving her degree in 
secondary education in 1977 from Idaho State. She 
married Keith Lynn Allen December 27, 1975, the 

Idaho Falls Temple. Keith received a degree in 
sociology from Idaho State University in 1978. They 
have four children: Natalie, Shane, Brandon, and 
Patrick. Nancy is currently (1991) pursuing a 
Registered Nurse Degree at Ricks College. 

In 1974 Dale finished high school in Salmon and 
that year began studying electronics at the trade 
and technical school at Idaho State University. He 
left school January, 1976 to serve a mission for the 
L.D.S. Church in Northern Italy, being released in 
January 1978 He then resumed and completed his 
schooling in Pocatello, receiving a 3-year certificate 
in electronics in 1980. That same year he married 
Marilyn Jones on May 29th in the Idaho Falls 
Temple. Marilyn received a Registered Nursing 
Degree from Idaho State University also in 1980. 
They have three children: Ryan, Jed, and Megan. 
Dale obtained a bachelors degree in electrical 
engineering from Cal State University Northridge in 

FRONT ROW: Ryan Rigby, Megan Rigby, Ruth and Wilmer, 
Brandon Allen, Jed Rigby BACK ROW: Natalie Allen, Dale Rigby, 
Marilyn Rigby, Nancy Allen, Patrick Allen, Keith Allen, Shane 



Ruth was president of the L.D.S Relief Society 
eleven years and has been active in the L.P.N. 
Association, presently serving s treasurer. She 
enjoys handiwork, quilting, camping, hiking, music, 
and her grandchildren. 

Wilmer has been active in the L.D.S. Church, 
serving as Bishop of the Salmon First Ward. He 
spent eight years on the school board, has been a 
board member of the Hospice Organization and is a 
charter member of the Salmon School Foundation 
board. He enjoys steelhead fishing, reading western 
history, and presently is researching Captain William 
Clark's Reconnaissance Trail down the Salmon River. 

— Ruth RIgby 

Clark and Harriet Riggan 

Clark and Harriet Riggan, along with Quinn and 
Orpha Riggan, came to Lemhi Valley in 1940. Clark 
and Quinn were the oldest sons of Edmond Frank 
and Ida Clark Riggan. They were raised on the family 
ranch in Teton Valley, Idaho. Ed Riggan (1880-1952) 
and Ida (1885-1963) owned one of the oldest herds 
of purebred Hereford cattle in the state. 

Clark Harold Riggan was born December 5, 1910. 
He received his education in Victor, Idaho. As a 
young man he worked in the mines in Utah and 
worked for Shell Oil Co. In 1932 Clark was married 
to Harriet Conger. Her father, William James, and 
mother, Harriet Moore Conger, owned a grocery 
store in Victor. Harriet received her early education 
in Rigby and graduated from Victor High School. She 
then attended Idaho State College for a short while. 

After their marriage, the young couple lived on the 
family ranch, while Clark and Quinn helped their 
father. The winters in Teton Basin were very severe, 
and feeding a herd of cattle in the deep snow was 
difficult, so the decision was made to move to an 
area where the winters were milder. In 1940 Clark 
and Quinn traveled to Lemhi Valley and purchases 
the Billy Mulkey and adjoining Clark ranches. The 
cattle were brought by truck and the families moved 
here in the fall of 1940. At that time there were no 
oiled roads. The railroad had quit running that year, 
but the track was still down. The houses on the 
ranch had no electricity and no running water. 

Clark and Harriet had two sons, William Clark, 
born 1933, and James Edmond, born 1936. A 
daughter, Susan was born in 1942. In 1944 Clark 
and Harriet moved to the Joe Pattee ranch at 
Tendoy. This ranch was leased. Quinn and Orpha 
remained on the Mulkey Ranch. They continued to 
raise and sell purebred hereford cattle. 

Another move was made in 1948 when Clark and 
Harriet purchased the Holt Craft place at Baker. This 

was three hundred acres and they later added more, 
buying government land. They would remain on this 
place, continuing to improve and prosper. In addition 
to the cattle, they crop leased land at different 
times to Ray Skinner, Dick Stokes and Dale Jolley 
for raising potatoes. In 1958 they bought four 
hundred acres on Wimpey Creek from Elmo and 
Wanda Crook to use for hay and pasture. 

Each of the Riggan children had the opportunity to 
attend "country" schools. Bill graduated from the 
eighth grade at Tendoy, Jim from the eighth grade 
at Baker, and Susan went to the first three grades at 
Baker. Many great memories come from their 
experiences at these schools. All three graduated 
from Salmon High School. 

Bill went on to receive an education in electronics 
at Idaho State College. He is a senior member of the 
technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories in 
Albuquerque, New Mexico. Sandia is involved in 
electronic research and development. Bill works in 
radiation detection. Bill and his wife Leora have 
three daughters, Karen Anderson, Kim Morgan and 
Susan Podine. 

Jim was involved in the mining industry, living in 
Wyoming and Oregon. He then came back and lived 
on the ranch helping his father. He is now involved 
in construction, real estate and mining. Jim has 
three children, Bret Riggan, Shelly Allred and Bette 
Haddon. He is married to the former Deborah 

Susan is married to George Blodgett of Salmon. 
They are the owners of B and B Foods and Imperial 
Apartments. They have two children, David Blodgett 
and Lisa Blodgett Brown. 

Clark Riggan died in 1971. The Baker ranch is now 
owned by Galen and Norma Kossler. Harriet still 
owns the Wimpey Creek place. It is leased by Bill 
Swahlen. Harriet makes her home in Salmon. 

— Harriet Riggan 
— Susan Riggan Blodgett 

Quinn and Orpha Riggan 

Quinn Edmond Riggan was born on May 20, 1902 
in Teton Valley, Idaho. Quinn was the oldest of five 
children born to Edmond Frank and Ida Clark Riggan. 
He was raised on the family cattle ranch. Ed Riggan 
raised purebred hereford cattle. 

Quinn's grandfather, Frank Riggan, trailed horses 
to the Utah Territory from Texas. He met and 
married Mary Ann Haines in Vernal, Utah and they 
then settled in Teton Valley, Idaho. Quinn's mother, 
Ida, was the daughter of James Israel Clark and 
Annie Thompson Clark. Her grandfather, Israel 
Justus Clark, born in 1821, in Dansville, New York 
came west with the Mormons and was one of the 
volunteers that Brigham Young called to go to the 


Salmon River Mission to establish Fort Lemhi and 
preach the gospel to the Indians. This was in 1855. 
He spoke Shoshoni and helped to teach the Indians 
to speak English. One daughter was born to him and 
his wife while at Fort Lemhi. 

Quinn received his education in Teton Valley and 
as a young man traveled to Chicago and went to 
mechanics school. He then returned to Teton Valley 
and married Orpha Cover in 1923. 

Orpha Cover Riggan was born May 5, 1904 in Big 
Horn, Wyoming to Samuel and Clara E. Pritchett 
Cover. The family moved to Teton Valley in 1912. 
Their property adjoined the Riggan ranch. 

In 1940 Quinn and Orpha, with his brother Clark 
and his family, moved to Lemhi Valley. They 
purchased the Billy Mulkey and adjoining Clark 
acreage at Tendoy. Quinn and Orpha continued to 
live on the ranch until the early 1950's. They then 
sold the ranch and moved into Salmon. Quinn at 
that time was involved in various mining properties 
and also owned an acreage on Bohannon Creek, 
which he purchased from Bill Crews. In 1955 they 
sold their home in Salmon to Bernard Blodgett and 
bought a ranch at Lemhi from Max and Lois Clark. 
When they bought this place, there was a herd of 
sheep on it, so Quinn continued to raise sheep and 
also had a herd of Black Angus cattle. Quinn also 
bought additional land on Hayden Creek. 

At about this time Quinn was one of the group of 
people that was responsible for getting television 
brought into Lemhi County. In 1967 Quinn retired 
and the ranch was sold the Carl and Dorothy 
Peterson. Quinn and Orpha bought a home in Baker. 
This home was once the Baker schoolhouse. Quinn 
died in 1968. Orpha moved to town and lived there 
to her death in 1987. 

— Susan Riggan Blodgett 

Irene Rinker Olson was born in Robert, Idaho, 
August 23. 1933. She is now retired and living in 
Salmon Idaho. Robert Rinker was born in Roberts, 
Idaho, February 23, 1934. He married Leroice Ann 
Wheeler March 28, 1955, in Anaconda, Montana. 
Robert worked in Anaconda Smelter for five years, 
then moved to Salmon, Idaho. Robert worked at 
Champion Sawmill from 1959 to 1984 and then had 
to retire. Leroice Ann Wheeler was born March 31, 
1939, in San Francisco, California. She worked at 
Wally's Cafe for twenty-three years. She passed 
away August 26, 1988, from cancer. 

Robert and Leroice had three children. Robert 
Wayne Rinker was born December 26, 1955, in 
Salmon, Idaho and is still living in Salmon. He has 
three children, Robert Wayne Rinker, Jr., born in 
McCall, Idaho, October 8, 1976. Amanda Irene 
Rinker was born in Pasa Robles, California, July 10, 
1981. Justin Thomas Rinker was born in Idaho Falls, 
Idaho December 25, 1986. Their second son Rickey 
Dean Rinker was born in Philipsburg, Montana, July 
8, 1957 and is still living in Salmon. He has one child 
Rickey Dean Rinker, Jr., born in Salmon, Idaho, 
November 24, 1980. Their daughter Sandra Dee 
Rinker was born in Philipsburg, Montana, August 17, 
1959 and is still living in Salmon. She has one child 
Cody Ray Halle, born in Salmon May 3 1982. Sandra 
works at the Salmon River Coffee Shop and is living 
with Steven R. Gott, Manager of American Land 

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John E. and Elsie M. Rinker 

Father was John Ernest Rinker born in Buffalo, 
New York, February 2, 1894. He married Elsie May 
Simeton, born November 16, 1903. They got 
married in Lancern, Michigan, in 1921. John worked 
as a steel worker. They moved to Wyoming, he 
worked as a rancher for three years. Then moved to 
Butte, Montana where he worked as a miner. There 
were nine children in the family. 

John E. Rinker was born in New York, June 19, 
1925 and married Beverly Cox, both are living in 
Boise, Idaho. John is working as the County Deputy. 
Earl Rinker was born in Wyoming December 26, 
1929. He lives in Salt Lake City, Utah and is retired 
now. Bessie Rinker Croft was born in Wyoming 
February 28, 1930 and passed away June 12, 1971, 
in Idaho Falls, Idaho. 

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Richard Rinker was born in Roberts, Idaho, 
January 30, 1935. He married Elberta May Wheeler 
August 10, 1954 at Fort Hood, Texas. Richard was in 
the Army there for three years and then moved to 
Salmon. Richard worked at Champion Sawmill for 
thirty-one years. He had to retire because of a heart 
condition. Elberta works at the Smokehouse Cafe as 
a waitress. They have two daughters and six 
grandchildren, all of them boys. 

John and Elsie's seventh child was Edward Rinker 
born in Roberts, Idaho, January 17, 1937. He is now 
living in Burley, Idaho. Their youngest daughter Elsie 
May Rinker Tracy was born in Pocatello, Idaho, 
February 13, 1939. She passed away in 1986 in 
Heyburn, Idaho. Their youngest child, James Rinker 
was born in Pocatello, Idaho, November 13, 1941. 
He works as a chef at Hilton in San Francisco, 

— Rinker family 

Gilbert and Birdine Risbon 

I was born August 25, 1911 in Waverly, Nebraska 
and was named Bertha Birdine Kephart. My 
husband, Gilbert Joseph Risbon was born March 18, 
1904 in Langdondale, Pennsylvania. We met when I 
was eleven years old and he was eighteen. He and 
two other friends had "ridden the rails" out west 
looking for work. The main occupation in the area 
where he resided was coal mining and during the 
summer months many men were without work. 

My father hired Gilbert to work in the wheat 
harvest. He proved to be a proficient and willing 
worker so my father offered him employment during 
corn harvest in October. He and his two friends 
spent the balance of the summer following the 
harvest arriving back in Nebraska for corn picking 
time then returning to Pennsylvania for winter work 
in the coal mines. This was his yearly schedule the 
next six years. 

We were married on Labor day, September 6, 
1927, and we laughingly commented, that "We had 
labored ever since". We enjoyed fifty five years of 
married life before his passing August 24, 1982 here 
in Salmon. 

I guess you would have to call Gilbert a gypsy at 
heart, for he was never content to put down roots in 
one place for very long. New vistas always beckoned 
and for the next twenty years we traveled across 
country, living in several states for short periods of 

Our first address in Idaho was Eagle. We moved 
from Grainton, Nebraska to Eagle in August 1931. 
Our last two daughters were born there. We lived 
there from 1931 to 1936. Those were the 
depression years and although money was almost 
non-existent, we were always able to have food in 

The Risbon family 


Five children were born to us in six years, four 
daughters and one son, Margie, Eugene, llene, 
Adeline, and Patricia. They could lay claim in later 
years of having been in well over half of the forty 
eight states. My correspondence with my family was 
very sparse. Often times several months would go by 
without a letter. They told me that they would make 
bets among themselves as to whether the next letter 
to arrive, would contain a new address. 

Our traveling experiences were far from over. We 
lived in Pennsylvania at two different times, in 
Denver, Colorado and in Carbondale, Colorado 
where Gilbert operated his own welding and repair 

In October 1951, we returned to Thompson Falls, 
Montana where we resided until we made our move 
to Salmon, Idaho in May 1958. By this time our 
children were married and were busy rearing their 
own families. Suddenly we realized we were middle 
aged and the time had finally arrived for us to make 
the final choice for our permanent address. 

We had often passed through Salmon in our 
travels and had commented on the beautiful 
mountains and the green valley where town was 
located. Because of the distance between larger 
towns we were skeptical about locating here. After a 
final trip to Colorado, we came back to Salmon and 
purchased an acre of ground one mile North of 


Salmon on Highway 93. It was a bare acre of ground 
so after having a well dug by Charlie Dahle, 
electricity brought in and other arrangements for 
permanent living made, we moved here July 7, 

We had more enthusiasm than financial means. 
The money we had went much faster than we 
though in the purchase of material for the Welding 
Shop Gilbert planned on opening. We rolled up our 
sleeves and did most of the work ourselves. Working 
together we built the thirty by forty Welding Shop 
which opened in January 1959. It was known as 
Highway 93 Welding and Repair for the twenty three 
years Gilbert operated it. 

Steelhead fishing on the Salmon River was proving 
a profitable occupation for several residents of the 
area. Among them was Joe Scoble, who was 
interested in obtaining more information about the 
new jet pumps which both the Buehler and Berkely 
Company were trying to perfect. 

Charles Dahle had ideas along the same line. 
Some experiences he had with a pump which would 
produce a large volume of water for the horsepower 
it took to drive it lead him to believe a pump could 
be designed and built which would enable the fishing 
boats to travel with more ease and speed on the 
Salmon River. Dahle approached Gilbert about 
building a jet pump. With their combined ideas, the 
pump was built. When the ice went out of the river 
in the spring of 1960, it was ready for testing. It was 
installed in a twenty seven foot hull which Joe 
Scoble had built. On the trial run it proved to work 
very well. It had power and speed and Joe was able 
to transport ten people in a fishing party up and 
down the river. This was the first jet boat to operate 
on the Salmon River. 

From 1964 through 1967, I cooked for Joe Scoble, 
both spring and fall season of steelhead fishing, at 
his camp on Stub Creek. Gilbert, loving steelhead 
fishing as much as he did, was not to be left behind 
when an opportunity such as that presented itself. 
He made a large sign which read "On Outside Job". 
It provided many a chuckle from his customers. 
Most of them knew he was steelhead fishing. 

The caption beneath our family picture taken on 
our youngest daughter's twenty-fifth wedding 
anniversary reads like this "Mom and Dad, a product 
of your life. Here we are, all five of us, Looks fairly 
good to me - Love you all, Pat." 

— Birdine Risbon 
Curtis and Pearl Curtis Roberts 

Curtis W. Roberts passed away November 2, 1931, 
at the Veteran's Hospital at Hines, Illinois. He was 
thirty-seven years of age and had been a resident of 
Salmon, Idaho for the greater part of his life. For 

several years his health had been poor and he was 
taken to the Veteran's Hospital in Illinois September 
10. His wife. Pearl, accompanied him. 

He was born in Central City, Colorado September 
28, 1894. He came to Lemhi County with his 
parents at the age of two years. In 1917, he enlisted 
in the Army and became a wagoner in the 91st 
Division. He served overseas until April 25, 1919, 
when he received an honorable discharge. He was 
awarded a Victory medal while in the service. 

On July 6, 1927, he was married to Pearl Curtis, 
who was well known in the area as a school teacher. 

He was awarded a full military funeral by the Lloyd 
Shaw Post, the American Legion, with a large crowd 
of World War I and Spanish-American War vets 
present to take charge of the rites at the grave in 
the Salmon Cemetery. 

His wife, his mother, two sisters, and four brothers 
survived him. 

— History Committee 
Dan and Marilyn Thayer Roberts 

Guy Dan Roberts was born September 15, 1936, 
in Salmon, Idaho. He was the son of Guy Dan 
Roberts, born July 26, 1901 and Opal Estell Wilson 
born September 19, 1910. Guy had a half sister 
Gwendlyn Aileene Hall born May 3, 1929. At the time 
of his birth, the family resided on the "Rose Ranch", 
at Carmen, Idaho. 

Guy attended his first year of school at the 
Carmen School, now the Carmen Grange. The family 
then moved to a ranch on the Big Flat where he 
graduated from the Salmon Schools in 1955. 

Upon graduating, Guy signed on with the Armed 
Forces in October 1955. He was stationed with the 
Guided Missile Battalion in Colorado, Texas, and 
Connecticut. While serving in Connecticut, he met 
Marilyn Ruth Thayer born May 17, 1938, Hartford, 
Connecticut, daughter of Louis Reginald Thayer born 
October 31, 1899, Torrington, Connecticut, (died 
October 18, 1989, Hartford, Connecticut) and 
Beatrice Mabel Pearl born January 9, 1907, 
Hampton, Windham, Connecticut. Marilyn resided in 
Newington, Connecticut and attended schools there. 
She also obtained a diploma at Middlesex Memorial 
Hospital School of Nursing, Middletown, Connecticut. 
Guy and Marilyn were married on November 28, 
1959, in Newington, Connecticut. They made their 
first home on the Roberts Ranch on Big Flat, later 
moving to Salmon. 

Guy was employed in ranching and logging in and 
around Lemhi County and Montana. Both have been 
active with American Red Cross, Search and Rescue, 
Ambulance Service and Grange. They currently 
reside in Salmon. 

Their children are Kimberly Susan born August 


22, 1962, Salmon. She was married May 16, 1981 to 
Edward A. Peterson in Salmon and they still reside 
here. They have two children. Their second daughter 
is Kathy Lyn born July 22, 1964 at Salmon. She is 
currently residing in Missoula, Montana. Karen Rae is 
their youngest daughter born March 23, 1966 at 
Salmon. She is a member of the Air National Guard 
and currently residing in Boise, Idaho. 

— Marilyn Roberts 

Guy and Opal Wilson Roberts 

Guy Roberts was born on the Benedict Ranch on 
Carmen Creek in 1901 to James Roberts and wife 
Margaret. The family moved to the Big Flat in 1902. 
Guy went to the Big Flat School. He later worked on 
ranches in the Salmon valley until leasing the Tom 
Wend Ranch near Shoup in 1932. 

Opal Wilson married Bill Hall in 1928. Bill worked in 
the mines at Ulysses, and they lived on a ranch 
across the Salmon River near Shoup, which was 
reached by crossing the river in a cage. It was during 
this time their daughter Gwendlyn was born. In 1932 
Bill died and Opal married Guy Roberts in 1934. 
They ranched there until 1936 when they moved to 
the Rose Ranch on Carmen Creek. They ranched 
there for seven years. Their son, Guy Dan, was born 
the year they moved to the Rose Ranch. Gwendlyn 
went to the Carmen school. 

During the time they lived on the Rose Ranch they 
were buying a ranch on the Big Flat. In Opal's words, 
"It was like taking it up from the Indians." It was 
covered with trees and brush and no fences. They 
lived in three houses put together; one had a pump 
that served as water for the house, one was 
Cottonwood logs with a dirt roof, and the other had 

two rooms that served as a bedroom and living 
room. They loved it as it was their own home, and 
home was taking baths in a wash tub, and having an 
outhouse out back. Guy had the wood pile between 
the house and the outhouse so the wood would be 
handy. The school teacher, Virginia Arwine, came to 
live with the Roberts while teaching on the Big Flat. 

Guy and Opal had beef cattle, some milk cows, 
chickens, and raised turkeys for sale with orders for 
them ahead of time. For seventeen years they 
trailed their cattle, along with those from two or 
three other ranches, through Gibtown over the old 
road to summer pasture in the Big Hole. In 1950 
they built a new house and bought a tractor. Opal 
took up making cakes for weddings and birthdays. 

Daughter Gwendlyn graduated from Salmon High 
School, went to school in Lewiston for one year and 
then taught school at Sandy Creek for two years. 
She married Bill Morgan and moved to Nampa, 
Idaho. Their children are Connie, Cindy, Robert, 
Byron, and Maureen. 

Dan ended up in the Army when he was eighteen 
years old and met his wife Marilyn during that time. 
Their children are Kimberly, Kathy, and Karon. 

Later Guy and Opal sold their ranch to Bill Loudy, 
who has kept it looking very much like a beautiful 
ranch. The Roberts built a new home on two acres 
across the highway from their old ranch, where Opal 
continues to live since Guy's death. 

— Opal Roberts 

James William Roberts 

FRONT ROW: Dan and Gwendlyn BACK ROW: Guy and Opal 
Roberts with Uncle Ralph Mark at side 

James William Roberts, also known as James 
William Alexander Robertson was born July 1862 in 
Tingwick, Quebec, Canada his parents were William 
Robertson and Lucinda King Robertson. 

James Robertson married Logie Isabella Harold in 
Leeds Village, Quebec, Canada. There was a son 
born to this union, December 24, 1889, in Leeds 
Village. Then something happened that James 
Robertson moved to Colorado by himself. About this 
time, he changed his name and remarried in 1894 to 
Margaret Hastie in Cheyenne, Wyoming, moving to 
Central City, Colorado where Jim worked at mining. 

Two of their seven children were born in Colorado. 
In 1896 they moved to Lemhi County, Idaho. Five 
more children were born in and around Salmon. 
Their oldest son Curtis W. Roberts, born September 
28, 1894, in Colorado (died February 11, 1931) was 
married to Pearl Curtis. She was born July 6, 1927 
and died in 1983. They had no children. Their 
second son, Horace R. Roberts "Bo" born March 
13, 1896 in Colorado, (died January 4, 1975 in 
Idaho) married Helen Morrison at Salmon. Their 
children are Mike and Rose. 


James Newell Roberts born June 15, 1898, 
married Ruth Ellen Nughen born September 26. 
1896. They had one child, James Andrew Roberts 
who lives in California. 

The fourth son of James and Margaret was Guy 
Dan Roberts born July 26, 1901 (died November 16, 
1978) married Opal Estell Wilson born September 
19, 1910. Opal already had a daughter Gwendlyn 
Aileene Hall and together they had one son Guy Dan 
Roberts born September 15, 1936. Their youngest 
son, John Forrest Roberts was born June 6, 1903 
and died in 1976. He married Lilly Marshall, they had 
no children. 

Their two youngest children were twin girls, Jessie 
Roberts was born February 6, 1906 and married 
Ralph Mack in Salmon, Idaho. Jennie Roberts was 
born February 6, 1906 and married James Yenney. 
Her children are Curt and Lorraine Yenney. 

When the family first arrived in Lemhi County, Jim 
Roberts worked for the Benedict Ranch on Carmen 
Creek. Later they moved to Big Flat where some 
land was purchased and the family lived for years 

Jim worked as a mail carrier for a while between 
Gibbonsville and Bannock, Montana. Later, he 
obtained equipment and horses and began a freight 
business of his own. He hauled freight to Leesburg 
from Salmon and lumber from local saw mills. He 
was instrumental in putting up most of the cable 
tram-ways for the mines at Gibbonsville and Ulysses. 
Some of the mining equipment that he delivered to 
the mine locations was large and heavy. Having 
witnessed some of these places, makes it hard to 
visualize that he and his help could have succeeded, 
especially with what they had to work with at that 

After delivering lumber to a lumber yard in 
Salmon. Jim Roberts's freight team was spooked by 
the first car in Salmon. They ran, and Jim was 
injured when the wagon crashed. Jim Roberts died 
of those injuries February 28, 1912. The car 
belonged to Dr. Wright, and the crash occurred on 
the corner where the museum now stands. 

The Roberts name lives on here in Salmon with 
the members of the family. 

— Guy Dan Roberts 

Marvin and Betty Wolff Roberts 

Marvin Duane Roberts, son of Ray Marion and 
Viola Melba Wood Roberts of Harlowton, Montana 
was born January 9, 1943 in Harlowton, Montana. 
He married Betty Eleanor Wolff, daughter of Edward 
Francis and Dorothy Anna Olson Wolff of Ryegate, 
Montana. They were married September 4. 1960 in 
Marvin's parents ranch house, seven miles west of 
Harlowton. Montana. Marvin was in the Army, home 

on a thirty day leave before he went to Germany on 
September 11, 1960. He was stationed near 
Stuttgart, West Germany September 1960 to 
January 1963. Betty joined him in Germany August 
2, 1961. Their first child Lisa Kay was born at Bad 
Constatt army hospital near Stuttgart October 30, 

1962. In December 1962 Betty and Lisa left 
Germany for the States. Marvin joined them January 

1963. They resided in Harlowton, Montana until the 
spring of 1963 when we moved to Yellowtail Dam. 
near Hardin. Montana. Marion Diane was born in 
Hardin. June 12, 1964. Shortly afterwards we moved 
to Harlowton, then Judith Gap, Conrad, then to 
Libby, Montana in March 1966. Marvin worked on 
Libby Dam and at the St. Regis Paper Company 
sawmill. On April 28, 1970 Viann Marie was born in 
Libby. On March 22 1971 we moved to Wendell, 
Idaho where Marvin's parents now resided. 

From March 1971 to May 1978 we lived in 
Jerome, Glenns Ferry. Twin Falls, Filer, Pocatello and 
Shoshone where Marvin and Betty worked various 
jobs. While living in Filer Mary Joan and Marsha 
Ellen, twins were born in Twin Falls on Jan 3, 1973. 
On May 9, 1974 Matthew Edward was born in Twin 

In May 1978 we moved to Montpelier, Idaho. 
Marvin worked for Idaho State Highway Department. 
In August 1982 Marvin moved to Gillette, Wyoming. 
Betty and family moved there in October 1982. 
Marvin worked for the Wyoming State Highway 
Department. In July 1985 Marvin transferred to 
Patrick Draw, Wyoming. 

On August 5. 1986 we moved to Gooding. Idaho. 
In September 1988 we moved to Malta, Idaho where 
Marvin worked for the Idaho State Highway 
Department. September 1. 1989 we moved to Declo. 
In November 1989 we moved to Gibbonsville, Idaho 
where we now live. 

Matthew is a sophomore at Salmon High School. 
Mary is attending Trapper Creek Job Corp near 
Darby, Montana. Marsha married William "Bill" 
McNeeley August 9, 1990 in Bliss where they now 
live. Viann married David Floyd January 7, 1988 in 
Gooding. They now live in Bliss. 

Marion Duane married Jeaneth Olvido Roberts 
April 17. 1990 in San Carolnegas, Philippines where 
his wife was born and raised. Jeaneth came to the 
United States September 11, 1990 to live with 
Duane in Twin Falls. Idaho. 

Lisa married Robert "Bob" Robbins February 4, 
1982 in Montpelier. Idaho. They lived in Caldwell. 
Later they moved to Ridgecrest. California where 
they now live. A son was born to them on April 20 
1988 in Ridgecrest. His name is Benjamin Daniel 

Marvin and Betty Roberts are Baptists. We 
became born again Christians in September 1968 in 
Libby Montana. 


Marvin's parents, Ray and Viola Roberts botln 
passed away in 1988 and their ashes were scattered 
on the Sawtooth Mountains in Idaho. Betty's parents 
are both buried in Lavina, Montana Cemetery. 

—Betty Wolff Roberts 

Frank and Hazel Rood 

Franklin Horace Rood was born at Carmen, Idaho 
on September 25, 1908. His parents were Willard 
and Fannie Mae. His grandparents were Franklin and 
Emma McCracken and Horace and Sarra Rood. He 
grew up in and around Salmon, Carmen, and 
Leesburg. His dad owned and operated the butcher 
shop at Leesburg. 

Willard Sr. married Fannie Mae McCracken in 1907 
and they took up a homestead on Big Creek which is 
now Panther Creek. They raised hay, cattle, and 
fruit. They had three children: Franklin (1908), 
Willard Jr. (1910), Velma (1914). There was no 
school down there at that time and their mother 
brought the children to Carmen to go to school. 
Also, there were no roads at that time so everything 
was transported by pack horses. At packing horses, 
Willard Sr. was the best. He did all kinds of packing 
for the Thunder Mountain Mining Company, from 
Salmon, to Custer and up the Yankee Fork. 

Frank grew up mostly on Panther Creek. He 
helped his dad on the ranch, trapped, worked for 
the Forest Service, and chased Cougar. He would 
get as high as $75 for a cougar hide. Also, he got 
lots of bear, coyotes, bobcats, and muskrats. That 
was his only spending money when he was going to 

Frank took to bigger things as he grew up. In his 
time he captured three hundred cougar and got to 
be know as "King of the Kitties". That is why Big 
Creek was changed to Panther Creek, because so 
many cougars were taken from there. 

On December 5, 1956 Frank married Hazel Bevan 
in Challis. They had no children. Frank had an 
undeveloped piece of land of fifty acres on Beaver 
Creek. They moved there and took a small trailer 
house over rough road to the ranch. It was their 
home until they could build a house. They cleared 
the land of brush and rocks, fenced, ditched, and 
planted three hundred fruit trees as that was to be 
their livelihood later on, along with cattle and placer 
mining. All the work was done by hand with picks 
and shovels and hard work. Year by year the fruit 
trees started to bear. They cleared more land for 
hay and got cattle. They got the house built, water 
piped in, sprinklers for the lawn, and had lots of 
pretty flowers. There was lots of trouble with the 
bear and deer getting into the fruit. They nearly had 
to night-herd them. 

The ranch had almost everything, a nice fish pond, 
tame ducks, turkeys, chickens, and a cabin for rent, 
just about anything to add a dollar for the grocery 
bill. Frank and Hazel went to Salmon twice a year to 
buy groceries and things they needed. They would 
have a list of things to do and get each time and if 
they forgot anything, it would have to wait till the 
next time out. They had a nice vegetable garden. 
They worked the famous Rood Placer Mine at odd 
times when they had extra time from the ranch, 
which wasn't often, but they did good at it. 

By now they were getting too old to do heavy 
work and decided to sell the ranch, which they did 
in 1972 and moved to Salmon. Again, there was lots 
of hard work. They built their own house in town, 
cleared the half acre of rocks and trees, planted fruit 
trees and a garden; just got it so they could retire 
and rest a bit, go fishing and so on. 

Frank died May 17, 1988 and is buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery. His widow still owns the placer 
mine and the house in Salmon. 

— Hazel Bevan Rood 
Horace and Loretta Rood 

Horace Greeley Rood was born at Bristol, 
Wisconsin, June 19, 1850, the son of Abram and 
Elizabeth Baker Rood. He had one sister and six 
brothers. His brother Calvin was killed in the Civil 
War in 1861. Horace and his brother, Harvey, came 
west to Salmon City, Idaho Territory with the 
covered wagon trains. 

On the way, the wagon master sent two of the 
men out to get fresh meat for the people on the 
train. They saw some Indian women bathing in a 
creek, and one of the men shot and killed one of the 
women. That night the Indians descended on the 
wagon train, and if the wagon master hadn't turned 
the guilty man over to the Indians, they would have 
killed everyone on the train. 

Horace Rood returned to Wisconsin and married 
Loretta Dodge, who was born December 25, 1848, 
at Otsego, Wisconsin. To this union four sons were 
born at Clear Lake, Iowa. Burell was born August 13, 
1874. He was shot and killed by and insane man, 
October 2, 1903 at Custer, Idaho. Willard Rood was 
born January 30, 1876. Grant was born February 21, 
1878, and Frank was born February 3, 1881. Frank 
was accidently shot and killed in British Columbia, 
Canada, April 25, 1933. 

The Rood family came to Salmon in 1882, with the 
covered wagon trains. Their daughter Lola, was born 
December 20, 1888, in Salmon, Idaho. She died 
August 1, 1968 at the Steele Memorial Hospital. 

One night in 1891, a drunken Indian shot through 
a window in the Horace Rood home and hit Loretta 
in the breast. She never recovered from the shot. 


and died January 12, 1892. Mattie and Tom Andrews 
took Lola into their home and cared for her. 

The Rood brothers packed into Thunder Mountain. 
On one trip they had twenty mules loaded with sixty 
cases of eggs. They bought the eggs for ten cents a 
dozen and sold them for a dollar a dozen. 

Willard Rood, with the help of his brothers, had a 
store and butcher shop in Leesburg. He was a 
wholesale and retail butcher. He sold beef steak for 
thirty cents a pound, beef roast for thirteen cents, 
and boiling meat for ten cents. Leesburg had been a 
gold town of approximately one thousand people. 

Burell and Frank Rood never married. Grant 
married Rose Slater, August 25, 1902. They lived in 
Salmon and on Phelan Creek. Grant died April 25, 

Lola was married three times but never had any 
children. Her last husband was Bob Gay. 

Willard Rood married Mae McCracken November 
10, 1907, at the McCracken home at Carmen, 
Idaho. To this union, Frank, Willard, and Velma Rood 
were born. 

Horace Rood died June 21, 1943, at Sandpoint, 
Idaho. Interment was in the Salmon Cemetery. 

— Velma O'Connor 
August and May Belle Rose 

August Fredrick Rose was born October 31, 1862 
in Canton, Missouri to John Henry Rose and Bertha 
Bandhauer. They married July 4, 1857 at LaGrange, 
Missouri. He was the third of nine children. His 
brothers and sisters were: Charles, William, Herman, 
John, Mary, Anna, Bertha and Lillian. 

His father and mother came from Germany about 
1855 and settled in Missouri. He was a butcher by 
trade and was naturalized in St. Louis, Missouri. 
They were members of the German Lutheran 

Fred Rose entered Lemhi Valley with Trapper 
Johnson, down the Salmon River to Salmon City. 
They continued down the river to Shoup. He later 
went to California where he met his brother, 
Charley. After wandering to Mexico, they returned to 
Lemhi Valley. They bought a ranch a mile below 
Noble (Northfork) from Mr. Donnelly. To fund this 
project, Fred hired out to work at the Kentuck Mine 
at Shoup. Charley hired out to the A. D. and M. mine 
in Gibbonsville. 

They married the girls they had met on their first 
arrival in the valley. Fred married May Belle Long 
September 4, 1895 and Charley married her sister, 
Bertha Long. There was just a cabin on the ranch 
and in future years they built houses, barns, and 
sheds. They cleared land and raised huge gardens 
and fruit orchards. Between 1900-1919, Charley and 
his nephew, Fred Jr. would come through 

Gibbonsville with two wagons loaded with produce 
and fruit to sell to people along the line between 
Noble, Wisdom and Bannock, Montana. They had 
one son, Charles Fredrick, and a daughter. May, who 
died at age three. They also raised a granddaughter, 
Dorothy. They lived on the Manfull ranch, Dick 
Johnson ranch and later on the Finster ranch before 
moving to Salmon. 

They lived just above Viel's grocery store (now 
IGA). They had one acre of ground and raised 
vegetables and fruit which he sold to the grocery 
stores in return for meat and staples. In 1928 they 
moved to the house above the one they lived in and 
continued to raise vegetables and fruits at both 

Fred died June 5, 1941 in Missoula, Montana and 
is buried in Salmon. May died January 29, 1957 at 
Santa Barbara, California and is buried in Salmon. 

— Dorothy Hodges 

May Long Rose, August Frederick Rose, and John Wilson 

Bertha Nancy Long Rose 

Bertha Nancy Long was one of the younger 
children of a family of fourteen. She was born near 
Oskalaoosa, Kansas on September 24, 1879 and 
came with her parents to live on a ranch located 
two miles north of Salmon when she was nine years 
old. Here she grew to become a beautiful brown 
eyed, auburn haired young woman with a bubbly and 
friendly disposition. She was a person full of energy. 
As a young person, she enjoyed dancing, and was 
often found whistling and singing as she worked. 
Bertha was a very compassionate person and had a 
profound devotion to her family and relatives. She 
also had a quick temper. 

At the age of seventeen, she and her niece, Maud 
McCracken, were married in a double wedding 
ceremony. Bertha married Charles Henry Rose and 
Maud married William Hoffman on Christmas day in 
1896. The wedding was performed by W. H. 



g :i; 

Bertha and Charles Rose 

The old Rose Hospital, circa 1920's, now the Shady Nook 

Gaunaway, the Methodist minister, for a charge of 
five dollars each. This was fitting because Bertha and 
Maud grew up together and were like sisters. 

The first sixteen years of married life were spent 
on a ranch one mile below North Fork. The C. H. 
Roses lived on one of the prettiest ranches in the 
valley. When her daughters, Margaret and Ernestine 
reached high school age, the family moved to a 
ranch near Salmon so the girls could continue their 
education. Later, the family moved to what is, at the 
time of this writing in 1991, known as the Shady 
Nook located on the north edge of Salmon. 

Bertha joined the Salmon Methodist Church on 
April 7, 1912 and was an active member until her 
passing in 1959. Through the many years, she gave 
generously to the upkeep of the church. She also 
donated dairy products and much of the produce 
from their garden to the ministers and their families. 

In 1917, Bertha went to Butte, Montana to study 
nursing. After completing her training, she remained 
in Butte to help out with the flu epidemic which 
occurred in 1918 and early 1919. For twenty seven 
years, she cared for the area's sick in her large 
home which later became known as the Rose 
Hospital. In so many cases she proved to be the 
good Samaritan; working tirelessly and unselfishly for 
long hours to relieve the suffering of those who 
came to her. When patient numbers increased, she 
employed the service of a registered nurse and 


others to help. 

When Charles and Bertha thought the time was 
right, they sold their large house and moved to a 
smaller home situated just above the present I.G.A. 
grocery store located on the west side of the river. 
This home had been owned by Fred and May Rose, 
his brother and her sister, for many years. Here 
they had a large garden with fruit trees and berries 
to keep them active and happy their remaining days. 

Charles passed away suddenly at their home on 
Sunday morning March 8, 1953 at the age of eighty 
three. Bertha continued to keep the home and spent 
some winters in Santa Barbara, California with her 
daughter and son-in-law, Ernestine and Merle Drake, 
until her death. Bertha passed away in Santa 
Barbara after a short illness on March 3, 1959 at the 
age of seventy nine. Charles and Bertha Rose are 
busied side by side in the family plot located in the 
Salmon cemetery. 

— Rose Snyder Corum 

Julia Minnie Rose 

Julia Minnie Rose, 1885-1932, was the daughter of 
Charles H. and Lavissa Pons Rose. She married John 
Chriswell (1874-1942) at Kanaka, Lincoln County, 
Idaho on January 17, 1899. His parents were James 
and Nancy Chriswell from Kentucky. Julia and John 
had nine children, two that died as small children. 
Their children were Lawvisia Bessie, born June 5, 
1900, Ethel Dolly, born August 15, 1904 and died 
June 5, 1905. Next was Maude Leota who was born 
July 15, 1906, then Gladis Leola born August 29, 
1908. Their first son was Truman Victor, born 
January 15, 1911 then another daughter Thelma 
Florier, who was born October 30, 1912 and she 
died in 1917. Lillian Twila was born January 13, 
1917 and then Velma Floressa was born October 28, 
1919. Their youngest son Ernest Manly was born 
July 19, 1922. 

Julia M. and John divorced. Julia came to Lemhi 
County about 1926 to reside near her daughter 
Maude. She died on July 3, 1932 and is buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery. John died May 19 1942 at Buhl, 
Idaho and is buried there. 

The picture is Julia with her good friend Miles 
Turner of Salmon. He was noted for his wonderful 
fiddling and dancing. 

Maude Leota Chriswell was the third child of Julia 
and John. She married Raymond Harris Pratt who 
was born May 11, 1876 in Kentucky. They were 
married at Buhl, Idaho July 20, 1921 at the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Andrews, with family and friends 
gathered near. Reverend N. Sherman Hawk, of the 
Methodist Church officiated. Their children were 
Theodore Harris born August 3, 1922, Thelma 
Eugene (Jean), born March 16, 1924, they were 

Miles Turner and Julia Minnie Rose Chriswell 

both born at Buhl. Keith Raymond was born August 
31, 1927 at Burley and Julia Irene was born August 
2, 1929 at Nyssa, Oregon. 

Maude and Ray's marriage was a difficult one. 
First was the difference in their ages. Then there 
was the difference in their background. She was of 
Irish, French descent, a pretty green eyed redhead. 
He was English, Cherokee Indian descent. Then 
came the religious differences. She served for 
several years in the Salvation Army. He was true- 
blue Catholic. 

The year was about 1926 when the Pratt family 
first came to Lemhi County. They spent some time 
that summer at Gibbonsville but that winter was a 
rough one with them camping somewhere along the 
Lemhi River just above Salmon. Their main food 
supply was the white fish from the Salmon and 
Lemhi Rivers. They left and returned again about 
1930-31. They lived in a frame house near the 
Salmon River just below the old creamery. They 
became very good friends with another poor family 


that lived next door. They were Sam and Ruth 
Crawshaw and their children were Charles (Tex), 
Janie, and Juanita. 

It was along about this time that the last big break 
came in Maude and Ray's marriage and they 
divorced. He went to Montana. He died at Deer 
Lodge, Montana February 14, 1963 and is buried 

— Julia Randolph 
C. W. and Sarah Genung Roske 

This is the life story of my paternal grandparents. 
C. W. Roske was born in Prussia, May 25, 1845. He 
was educated in France as a teacher and studied for 
the Lutheran ministry. He immigrated to the U.S. as 
a very young man settling in Wisconsin, where he 
met Sarah Augusta Genung who was born in Steuben 
County, New York, April 8, 1845, later moving to 
Wisconsin with her parents. They were married in 
1863 and moved on to a homestead in Fairbault 
County, Minnesota the same year. The 25th of 
January, 1865, Grandfather enlisted in the Union 
Army. The Civil War was winding down but still 
wasn't over. Somewhere in the South he was on 
guard duty and contracted pneumonia so was 
discharged honorably September 27, 1865. 

While he was gone to war. Grandmother was alone 
on the prairie in a sod house with a straw roof that 
blew off during a wind storm and while there they 
lost three little boys from some children's disease. 
There were still a lot of Indians roving around but 
Grandma said she was never afraid of them, but was 
terrified of the cowboys that would come by. They 
had nine more children, all born on the homestead 
where they lived for twenty-two years. 

In 1887 they moved to Great Falls, Montana 
settling at Stockett, southwest of Great Falls on a 
ranch. Grandpa worked for the Northern Pacific 
Railroad as a telegrapher. They lived there for 
several years, raising their large family of seven boys 
and two girls, Edward, Herman, Willard, Danial, 
Charles, Joe, John, Mary, and Minnie. The boys were 
all good cowboys that worked on large cattle 
ranches in the area. 

The boys rode through the mountains from Great 
Falls to Missoula and discovered the Bitteroot Valley, 
so persuaded their father to move there, settling at 
Florence, Montana on a farm. Edward and Mary 
married there but the rest were still single. In 1903, 
Spotted Fever was on the rampage in the Bitterroot, 
many families loosing several members. Grandfather 
contracted it, also one of Edward's girls and they 
both died, June 24, 1903. His funeral was conducted 
by Garfield Post #26 G. A. R. of Florence of which 
organization Grandfather was commander. He buried 
in a military section at the Missoula Cemetery. After 
his death. Grandmother applied for a widows 
pension and after many months she was awarded 
thirty dollars a month. 

Not being able to keep her large family on that, 
she sold the Great Falls and Florence farms and 

Grcaf Atfracflons in... 

Sarah Genung Roske 

Hoiiday Goods. 

Yoo w^ni'maWe no mIslaWc by buying 
your Holiday Trcjcnfa thl« year of... 

...All the lafesf Novelties in. 

' Glass and 
' Medallions, 

Toilet Cases, 
Card Cases. 
Work Baskets. 
Toys. . 

Finest Line of Books and Periodicals 
In the City. 

C»-WATCtI CtVE.V.AWAY— A b«t*iW (sM «I1«I -iieh (!«<l»'i of e«"<'» •i" 
b« e<»«« •••r. E.trr ptnan p«r«hult>e sf* dollif't worth oi to«4< »lll nttiit > 
ri<kt< •Bllilirc 'I*" loost'ehiact In ih«dravl«t.'*tiKl< •^'lo^'P'*" 0«e.:](N, i.m. 


moved to Carmen, Idaho, where she purchased a 
store and the Post Office. She raised canaries and 
collected plates that were displayed in a rack around 
her dining room. She saw her daughter Minnie, 
(Little Min), marry Tom Palmer and they had a large 
family, many of them living in the Salmon area. She 
also saw her sons, Joe and John, marrying the two 
Niemann girls, Effie and Minne. Grandmother passed 
away October 3, 1931 at the age of eighty six. 

The grandchildren and their families hold a Roske 
reunion every year at various places in the 
Northwest. The clan has well over a hundred 
decedents from C. W. and Sarah Roske. 

— Dorothy M. Roske Fi field 
Chester and Ruth Rowe 

Chester Rowe born April 4, 1895 in Sheridan, 
Montana, son of William and Lucy Rowe, he came to 
Salmon when he was twenty-one years old. His folks 
bought one hundred sixty acres on Carmen Creek in 
1917. It is now part of the Neal Ranch. Chester 
joined the army and was stationed at Camp Lewis, 
now know as Fort Lewis. After serving stateside in 
the service he came back to Salmon. He married 
Ruth Manfull daughter of John and Marion Crouch 
Goodell Manfull in 1919. They had three children, 
Virginia born in 1922, William, "Bill" in 1924 and 
another son who drowned at age eighteen months. 

Chester worked at Green's Grocery Store for 
several years. He also worked in the mines in Butte, 
Montana. He bought a ranch on Bohannon Creek in 
1930. The ranch is now owned by Gordon 
Kirschenmann. They lived there until both children 
were grown. The children Virginia and Bill went to 
Baker for grade school and then bussed to Salmon 
for high school. Virginia graduated in 1941 and Bill in 

Chester and Ruth lived on the Bohannon Creek 
Ranch until 1944 when they sold their place and 
moved to Dayton, Washington. Chester worked on a 
Dayton wheat farm until he retired in 1960. Chester 
died in 1964 and Ruth in 1975. 

Virginia married George Depew in 1941. They 
moved to Wendell, Idaho, where they lived for awhile 
then bought a ranch at Shoshone, Idaho. They 
raised their family there. They had five children. 
Their oldest boy was lost in a car accident, the other 
boy now lives in Wendell, Idaho. The oldest and 
youngest girls live in Oregon and middle daughter in 
Washington State. Virginia had eleven grandchildren 
and three great grandchildren. George passed away 
in 1983. Virginia lives in Jerome and works at St. 
Benedict's Family Medical Center as L.P.N. 

Bill joined the Navy in December 1943. He and ten 
others from the Salrnon area went at this time to 
the Farragut Naval Training Center. He served in the 

Pacific area during World War II. Bill moved to 
Washington State when he returned from the 
service. He got married, had four children, two boys 
and two girls. Bill worked for the Government at 
Hanford in Richland, Washington. He raised his 
family there and now has eight grandchildren. 

— Doris R. Morton 
— Virginia Rowe 

W.D. Rusk 

W. D. or better known as Bill Rusk was born 
August 15, 1863 in Solom Springs, Arkansas. His 
mother died when he was very young so he went to 
live with his Uncle John at Joplin, Missouri. John was 
the son of David Rusk who was a U. S. Marshall and 
also a Captain in the Confederate Army. 

When Bill was fifteen years old he came to Idaho 
with some miners to work at Nichola Mine. He also 
drove stage from Agency to Red Rock, Montana for 
eight years. 

In 1910, he moved to Junction, now Leadore, and 
married Leia Daniels Boyce. They had two children, 
Mamie Allred and Joe Rusk. LeIa died four years 
later. He went into the cattle and horse business and 
homesteaded on Eighteen Mile. He discovered the 
Leadville Mine and traded it to the Patten Brothers 
for one hundred head of heifers. 



W. D. (Bill) Rusk with wife Polly 


He bought the Eight Mile Ranch and the Swartz 
Ranch. Gathering wild horses, he sold one thousand 
head to the Canadian Government for twenty dollars 
a head. He was called the Horse King of Idaho, 
having so many horses. 

In 1915, he married Polly Walters, who at that 
time was taking care of his children, Mamie and Joe. 
Polly was born April 26, 1889 at Rexburg, Idaho, the 
daughter of Daniel and Ann Walters. The couple 
made their home on a ranch on Little Eight Mile 
near Leadore, what is now the Powers Ranch. 

They had three children; Ray, born January 18, 
1918, Helen born May 5, 1920, and Grace, March 
19, 1922. Polly died March 23, 1958 at Price, Utah 
where she was with her daughter Helen. She was 
buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 

In 1924, Bill closed the sale in Salmon of two 
thousand acres of land and six hundred head of 
cattle to the Phillips Brothers of Leadore for 
$150,000.00. The land area is in two farms on the 
upper Lemhi River and comprised the largest 
individual holdings in Lemhi County. The farms have 
been devoted to raising both cattle and horses. He 
also sold land to Pete Veeland and Van Scylin (Idaho 

Bill became very wealthy, owning and operating 
five ranches with large herds of cattle and horses. In 
1924 he sold all his land because of illness and 
bought property in Leadore. He was a director in the 
Lemhi Valley Bank. In 1929, when the bank closed, 
he and Mr. Yearian paid off all bank depositors. They 
both went broke. 

He had very good health but lost his eye sight. 
Most of his time then he was confined to his home, 
where he sat and smoked a corn cob pipe. He was 
one of the most colorful pioneers of his time. 

He was ninety two years old when he died in 
Salmon on March 23, 1955. He is buried in the 
Salmon Cemetery. 

— Grace Williams 


Bill and Maxine Sager 

Bill Sager and Maxine Crook were married August 
16, 1950 in Missoula, Montana. They lived on Bill's 
parents' ranch at Baker until he entered the army in 
1952. Bill served two years as a paratrooper, 
stationed in Ft. Benning, Georgia. At the end of his 
tour of duty, they returned to Salmon to make their 
home. In June a baby girl was born. They named her 
Shawna Dell. 

Bill worked for Val Black at Northwest Propane for 
the next three years. In May 1957, Bill transferred to 
Montpelier, Idaho to work for Vangas Propane. The 
Sager Family lived in Montpelier for three years and 
in Idaho Falls for one year before they decided they 
had to come home to Lemhi County. 

Bill's dad, Clarence Porter, was in failing health 
and for several years they leased the ranch at 
Baker. Clarence died in 1973 and Bill and Maxine 
bought the ranch from his mother. 

Both Bill and Maxine have been active in 
community affairs. They have held offices and 
worked in the local cattlemen's and cattlewomen's 
organizations and led a 4-H Club for ten years. Bill 
has held various positions on the SCS Board (Soil 
Conservation Service), The Woolgrowers, and the 
State and National Cattlemen's Boards. He also 
served on the FHA County Committee and the BLM 
(Bureau of Land Management) Advisory Board. 

In 1980-81, Maxine was State Cattlewomen's 
President. She traveled throughout the state 
promoting beef. 

In 1987, Bill was named Rancher of the Year by 
the Salmon Chamber of Commerce and the Lemhi 
County Cattlemen's Association. Bill and Maxine 
raised Hereford cattle and at one time also ran one 
hundred fifty head of Suffolk sheep. They have been 


C53E" T-*T T .-r . «^1>J ^ytHO'Sff'P.AJI^.A. 

Capital and Surplus, 
Authorized Capital, 


B.'F. WHITE, Cashier. 


Ho>A^ard Sebree.Tif^UT? Geo. L. Shoup, 
Olho Klemm, Henry Burflend, 

Henry Knippenberg. 

John C. Branner, 
Leonard Eliel, 

Rick, Maxine, Bill and Shawna Sager 


FRONT ROW: Rick and Shawna Sager BACK ROW: Bill and Maxine 

active in herd improvement practices and have 
participated in several university studies. 

in recent years, Maxine has been involved in what 
started out as a fun hobby, but has grown into a 
sizable craft business. She weaves wheat into 
interesting and lovely home decorations. They tried 
growing their own wheat for this enterprize, but 
found they are better cattle raisers than wheat 
growers. She now buys her supply from growers in 
the Power County area. 

Bill and Maxine's daughter, Shawna, and her 
husband, Gary, also a Lemhi County native, live in 
American Falls, Idaho. Gary teaches math in the high 
school there. Shawna runs a baby sitting service. 
Their children, Becky, Rochelle, and Dustin are 
delightful grandchildren. 

The Sager's son. Rick, with his wife. Tammy, and 
their two girls, Brittney and Nicole, live just across 
the river from the ranch. Brittney is growing into 
grandpa's right hand girl and Nicole, who is five, is a 
reader and writer. 

Summertime fun on the Sager Ranch includes 
having huge barbecues in a small park they have 
made on the ranch. They have cooked for church 
groups, friends and neighbors, weddings and 
receptions, state and local cattlemen's picnics, and 
cooked four hundred pounds of buffalo for Salmon 
River Days. 

— Bill and Maxine Sager 

Ed Snook presenting Bill Sager with the Rancher of the Year 

Rick and Tammy Sager 

Rick Sager was born October 8, 1956 at Steele 
Memorial Hospital in Salmon, the son of Bill and 
Maxine Sager. The family lived in Salmon until Rick 
was six months old and then moved to Montpelier, 
Idaho. In 1961, when Rick was four years old, the 
family returned to Baker to his grandfather's ranch. 

Rick was already in love with fishing poles, (long 
sticks with strings attached). Some days his mom 
would find him at the spring ditch really trying to 
bring in the dinner. He also had a Shetland pony 
named Soapy, that he would not get very far from. 

Rick attended school in Salmon and graduated in 
1974. He worked on several ranches in the valley, 
five years for Joe Williams at l-Supply and nine years 
in the Lemhi Post and Pole Plant. Rick enjoys the 
outdoors and still packs that fishing pole everywhere 
he goes. 

Tammy Jean Sheppeard moved to Lemhi County 
with her family from Twin Falls, Idaho when she was 
nine years old. Her parents are Ross and Carole 
Sheppeard. She has two sisters, Julie and Valerie, of 
Salmon and a brother, Mike, of Challis. 

Tammy also attended school in Salmon and 
graduated in 1980. Tammy is an accomplished 
horsewoman. She loves to ride and takes every 
opportunity to help move cattle for anyone needing 
help. Most animals can find a home with Tammy as 
she likes all of them. Tole painting is her hobby. 

Rick and Tammy were married in Salmon on 
January 30, 1981. They made their home just above 
Baker on the banks of the Lemhi River. On 
September 15, 1982, Brittney Jean was born. She 
has dark hair and brown eyes, just like her dad. 
Brittney, like her mother, has a love for horses and 
all animals. Nicole Angel was born in Salmon on June 
29, 1985. She was the opposite of Brittney with 


blonde hair and blue eyes. Nicole's favorite things 
are cats and coloring. Both girls enjoy school and 
dance class. 

The Sager Family spends as much time as they 
can in the mountains. 

— Maxine Sager 


Nicole and Brittney Sager 

Patricia Jo Stoddard Sales 

Patricia Jo Stoddard Sales was born April 4, 1937 
in San Francisco, California, the eldest daughter of 
George and Jo Stoddard. Her grandparents, William 
Henry and Catherine Stoddard, owned the Barracks 
Ranch, located seven miles up the Lemhi River. 
George and Jo purchased a fourteen hundred acre 
cattle ranch five miles further up Bohannon Creek. 

The spring of 1943 found Patty trading sidewalks, 
roller skates and dresses for horse back riding, cow 
punching and blue jeans. Her first recollections were 
learning to drink raw cow's milk, and adapting to no 
electricity or telephone and outdoor plumbing. This 
was an enormous adjustment, especially for her 
mother. Within a year, the house had been 

remodeled and a cistern installed on a hill, producing 
gravity flow water to the house. The hot water tank 
was heated by a water jacket in the cook stove so 
all bathing, washing clothes and etc. could only be 
done while the stove was hot. 

It was five miles over dirt roads to the mailbox and 
unless someone was going to Salmon, the mail 
would accumulate, often for days at a time. 
Consequently, news was normally late. From time to 
time. Uncle Smith Stoddard, a World War II flying 
ace, who owned the Salmon Air Park, would buzz the 
house flying very low, dipping his wings and waving, 
which never ceased to be a thrill. Patty and her 
sister, Judy, knew if Smith circled three times, it 
meant he was dropping a special delivery message, 
(remember there was no phone). The message came 
in the form of a brown paper bag with a rock for 
weight, and a long crepe paper streamer. Talk about 
excitement!! Hearts pounding, the race was on to 
see who could reach the message first. 

Patty was a charter member of the first 4-H Club 
in Lemhi County, the Golden Growers, lead by Verne 
Santos. She was active through high school and took 
honors with her black Angus cattle at the Lemhi 
County Fairs. The whole family were avid fair 
participants, often winning the Twenty-five Dollar 
Grand Prize for the family receiving the most 

Four of her grade school years were at the 
Geertson Creek School which was a typical one 
room country school located five miles from her 
home. One side of the room was all windows, the 
front wall and one side wall held the blackboards and 
the back wall contained the library shelves. One 
teacher taught all eight grades and normally there 
were only thirteen students. The first teacher lived in 
a small teacherage adjacent to the school. There 
was an old barn for the horses of those who rode to 
school. Favorite outdoor games were ante-i-over, 
steal the sticks, kick the can, hop Scotch and work- 

Patty transferred to Salmon Schools in the eighth 
grade. Even though she was only twelve years old, 
each morning about 7:15 you would find her dashing 
out the door amid the routine words of her mom, 
"Hurry up Patty, you're going to be late!" She raced 
the jeep five miles over winding dirt roads, taking 
Judy and a load of milk to the bus stop. No matter 
how late she was running, Leonard Reagle, bless his 
soul, would always wait for the milk. School was out 
at 4:00 PM, and after the bus ride and driving the 
jeep home it was 5:00 PM — a long school day. 

1950 - What a super year! The Stoddards finally 
got electricity and a telephone, modernization- 
civilization at last!! Patty was thirteen and high 
school was the greatest. She was active in Home 
Economics Club, Pep Club, and choir, singing in 
many musicals. Other interests were 4-H, Theta Rho 


and being Honored Queen of Job's Daughters in 
1954. Art and Peggy Parsons always made her 
welcome and she frequently stayed over night with 
Martha, who has remained her life long friend, so 
they could take part in school activities, games and 
dances — such good giggly times. 

With no television or radio reception after dark, 
numerous hours during the long winter months were 
spent playing games. Both Patty and Judy were 
playing Bridge and Pinochle at ages eight and five 
respectively. Many, many wonderful hours with the 
family and friends were spent singing three part 
harmony and listening to her mother play rag-time 
music on the piano. 

Following high school, were two years at the 
University of Idaho, where she was a member of 
Alpha Phi and Kappa Phi. 

In 1956-57, Patty taught grade school on a 
provisional teaching certificate at Dietrich, Idaho. 
During this year she met Ray Sales. They were 
married September 1, 1957 at the Salmon 
Methodist Church. They attended Idaho State 
University, where Patty received a B.A. in 
Elementary Education and Ray a degree in 
Electronics. During this time a daughter, Aleta, was 
born August 27, 1958. 

Following graduation, Ray was employed by the 
Federal Aviation Administration in Douglas, Wyoming. 
Their son, Scott, was born there July 26, 1960. In 
1962, the Sales were transferred to Boise, Idaho 
where twin daughters. Barbie and Beverly, were born 
November 7, 1969. 

Ray retired from the FAA in 1991 and is devoting 
full time to his electronics firm, where he 
manufactures and installs business surveillance 

Aleta, Miss Boise 1979, gained an Education 
Degree from Boise State University in 1981 and 
received her Masters in Dance Education from 

Barbie Sales, Patty Stoddard Sales, Ray Sales, Aleta Sales, and 
Beverly Sales 

Brigham Young University in 1982. 

She and her husband, Doug Pottenger, a chemical 
engineer with Chevron, and daughters, Ashley age 
three and Brittney age one, live in Baton Rouge, 

Scott received an Industrial Business Degree in 
1982 and Sandie, his wife, a Communications 
Degree in 1988 from Boise State University. They 
are employed by electronics firms and make their 
home in Boise, Idaho. 

Currently Beverly is majoring in Elementary 
Education at Boise State University, and Barbie is 
finishing a Dental Hygiene Degree at Idaho State 

— Patty Stoddard Sales 
Anthony and Verne S. Santos 

Anthony Mathews Santos was born on September 
21, 1908 at Mt. Eden, California. He was the fifth 
child in a family of nine children born to Maria 
Cubral and Mannuel Antone Santos. 

Before he was ten, his mother died in the 1918 flu 
epidemic. His father died about four years later. 

The children remained in their family home. The 
three oldest girls kept house and the older boys got 
jobs, bringing their wages home. The two youngest, 
Irene and Lenard, were given to their Godparents to 

Anthony (Buck) worked at the Moura Dairy Farm 
and went to school. When his brother became old 
enough to take over his job, he decided to see what 
was beyond the California border. 

He rode the rails east and found a job on a cattle 
ranch in Estes Park, Colorado. Here he learned to 
ride and drive horses. He learned to keep up his end 
of the feeding, calving, and all the other things 
involved in cattle ranching. This was when cattlemen 
and sheepmen were having private wars over the 
range and water holes. Buck learned to take care of 
himself, to ride and shoot, and to tend his own 

The Estes Park area was turned into a lake. Buck 
then worked for Harry Knight on his guest ranch. 

In 1931, Buck and Asher Free, an electrician he 
had met on the Knight ranch, came through Salmon 
on their way to Alaska. Because their funds were 
running low, they took a job on the Pabst Blue 
Ribbon Ranch on Bohannon Creek, working for 
Charley Marshall. Asher later went on to Alaska, but 
Buck married Verne Schofield, daughter of Walter 
Earl and Louise Sampson Schofield, in 1933. 

Buck and Verne made their home on the William 
Beattie Ranch at the mouth of Geertson Creek, 
renting it at first and later buying it. They gave Mr. 
Beattie a home with them, taking care of him until 
his death. 


They raised Angus cattle and also had a milking 
herd. They began with a mixture of milking stock, 
mostly brown Swiss, which raised good looking black 
calves when bred to a black Angus bull. They later 
had a Holstein herd. 

Their four children are: Laura Jean, Richard 
Anthony, David John and Donald Walter. 

Jean married Ray Stockton of Greenville, South 
Carolina in 1956. She was teaching at Mountain 
Home Air Base and he was serving in the Air Force. 
After his discharge, he worked for Van Gas at 
Challis, Idaho. They now reside in Rupert, Idaho and 
own a recreational vehicle business. Their children 
are: Brenda, Teresa, and Judy. 

Richard (Dick) married Sandra Bradley in 1961 
while in the Air Force in Arkansas. One daughter, 
Christine, was born there in 1962. After a divorce in 
1963, Dick did duty at Goose Bay, Labrador. He 
married Marlene Williams in Salmon in 1967. One 
son, Richard Scott, was born in 1969. 

David married Elaine Hoff of Arco. They now reside 
in Blackfoot, Idaho. She teaches and he works at 
LN.E.L. They have two children, Tonianne and David. 

Don married Joyce Williams in Salmon in 1972. 
They had two daughters. Angela and Heidi. They 
divorced in 1988 and Don resides in Bagdad, 
Arizona, working for Cyprus Mines. 

Buck's health failed, so Dick took over the 
management of the ranch, quitting his police force 
job in Salmon. 

Buck passed away December, 1981 in Salmon and 
was buried on the ranch. Verne lives in the family 
home, spending most of her time there, except for 
the last two years when, during the winters, she 
visits Don in Arizona where the climate is kinder to 
her arthritis. She is active in the American War 
Mothers and the Episcopal Church. 

— Verne Santos 

'h \M t 

Leona Sayer and Drew Sayer 

Drew and Leona Sayer 

Drew M. Sayer was born in Rigby, Idaho, on 
November 26, 1916. His parents were Thomas Alma 
Sayer of Cooper, Utah, and Luzella Morgan of 
Menan, Idaho. Drew was raised on a dry farm at 
Bone, east of Idaho Falls, Idaho. He attended Rigby 
and Salt Lake City Schools. 

Leona Nebel was born in Poplar, Idaho, on April 3, 
1920. Her parents were John Nebel of Goshen, 
Utah, and Elizabeth Bassett of Clarkston, Cache 
County, Utah. Leona was raised on a dry farm at 
Antelope, Idaho. She attended schools in Poplar and 

Drew and Leona were married in Bishop Sweder's 
home in lona. Three children were born to them in 
Idaho Falls. Leona Beth was born April 22, 1939. 
Ronnie Drew was born July 4, 1942 and Robert 
Steve was born May 7, 1944. 

In 1947, the Sayer Family moved to Salmon and 
have been here ever since. Drew worked in sawmills 
for ten years, farmed for twenty-five years, and sold 
real estate for eight years. 

Drew and Leona have ten grandchildren. Beth has 
four children: Betty Drew, Susan Drew, Jamie Lee, 
and Michael. Ronnie has five children: Ronnie Lyn, 
Elizabeth, Troy, Angle and Robin. Robert has one 
child: Camille. There are seven great-grandchildren: 
Kristin, Troy, Eleysha, Andrew, Alexandra, Tara and 

FRONT ROW: Dick, David and Don Santos BACK ROW: Jean, 
Verne and Anthony Santos 

— Leona Sayer 



Elwood and Nolda Gerrard Sayer 

Elwood Sayer was born July 9, 1913 in Bybee, 
Jefferson County. Idaho to William Martin and Sarah 
Simmons Sayer. He had five brothers and five 
sisters. Elwood was raised in Bone, Idaho, and 
received his schooling in Glenore and Ucon, Idaho. 
On November 6. 1936, he married Florence Nolda 
Gerrard in St. Anthony, Idaho. 

Nolda Gerrard was born February 14, 1914 in 
Clifton, Idaho, the daughter of Alexander and 
Margaret Cotterell Gerrard. She was one of six 
children. Nolda was raised and attended school in 
Lava Hot Springs and St. Anthony, Idaho. She later 
attended Henegers Business College in Salt Lake 
City, Utah. 

Two children blessed this union; Gary Elwood 
Sayer, born May 29, 1940 and Gloria Dawn Sayer, 
born March 30, 1946. 

Elwood and Nolda farmed for two years in Bone, 
Idaho, and then moved to Leslie, Idaho, and farmed 
for two years. In 1948, they moved to Salmon, 
where Elwood was a partner at Daniel's Sawmill. 
They bought a home in Salmon on what is now 
Broadway Street. 

Elwood worked for Idaho Lumber Company, Art 
Johnson owner and Ed Waldal, manager from 1950 
to 1962. He worked for Bev Robinson Lumber 
Company for about ten years, and served as potato 
inspector from 1962 to 1972 in Salmon and 
Blackfoot, Idaho. He retired at the age of sixty-five 

Nolda Sayer worked in the M.H. King Store for 
Harold Embree for five years. She did bookkeeping 
for several years, including five years at Lemhi 
Lumber for manager Don Weeks. She was also active 
in the LDS Church as a teacher and secretary- 

Gary Sayer graduated from Salmon High School 
and attended Idaho State University and later 
graduated from Utah State University in Logan, Utah 
in Land Management and Forestry in 1964. He 
received his commission in 1964 and has been 
employed by the Forest Service for twenty-seven 
years. Gary married Jordyce Ann Deacon on 
September 3, 1960. Their children are: Wendy Ann 
(Baker), David Gary, James Elwood, and Laura May. 

Gloria Sayer graduated from Salmon High School 
in 1964. She attended Ricks College in Rexburg, 
Idaho and worked for the Forest Service and the 
Walker Bank. In 1966, she married Michael Lund in 
the LDS Temple. They have four children: Kelli Dawn 
(Jensen), Randi Lynn, Brandon Michael and Tara 
Lee. Michael is affiliated with Benton Engineering in 
Idaho Falls, Idaho. 

— Nolda Gerrard Sayer 


Gloria Dawn, Nolda Gerrard, Elwood, and Gary Elwood Sayer 

Emil Henery and Olga Lehman Scheihing 

Emil Henery Scheihing married Olga Lehman 
October 9, 1915, in Twin Falls, Idaho. They made 
their home in Dietrich, Idaho, where they had a 
ranch and raised their four children. 

First born was Frank Harold, on September 1, 
1916. Fred Emil was born October 15, 1918: Matilda 
Pauline (Tillie) born November 25, 1921: and David 
Henery was born on December 29, 1924. 

They had a hard life working on the ranch in 
Dietrich. Frank could remember one time they went 
to town for groceries, and as they passed the bakery 
window they could see the maple bars. They asked if 
they could have one, but were told "No, we don't 
have money for such things." The next time Mom 
baked, she made them maple bars. Frank 
remembers them as being as good or even better 
than the ones in the bakery. 

Around 1933 or sooner, they moved to Salmon, 
Idaho, and bought a large ranch on Highway 28. The 
highway divided the property boundaries. The ranch 
boundaries went clear to the old Lemhi Road. 

Olga was a great one for fishing. If you said "Let's 
go fishing", she could have everything ready to go 
within a few minutes. That would include having 
lunch ready for a group also. Emil took care of the 
ranch: he wasn't much on fishing. 

Around 1950, they moved to New Plymouth, 
Idaho, where they purchased a small ranch. That is 
where they are laid to rest. The children married as 
follows: Frank Harold Scheihing to Marion W. 


Alexander on October 30, 1946; Fred Emil to Twila 
Wilson on October 28, 1944; Matilda Pauline (Tillie) 
married Grant Ziemer on June 1, 1945; and David 
Henery married Lyia Copland on March 23, 1951. 

— Sherry Ann Jacobs 

Emil Henery Scheihing and Olga Lehman Scheihing 

Frank Harold and 

Marion Alexander Scheihing 

Frank Harold Scheihing was born on September 1, 
1916, in Dietrich, Idaho, the son of Emil Henery and 
Olga Lehman Scheihing. Frank attended school in 
Shoshone, Idaho. In 1933, he went to train to be a 
jockey. He then rode horses at Tanforan Race Track 
in San Bruns, California. He rode for Pauline Sawyer. 
He rode horses all over the United States. 

In 1944, he came to Salmon to make his home. 
While he was riding, he met Marion W. Alexander in 
Akron, Ohio. Frank then sent for Marion in 1946, to 
come to Salmon. Marion rode the bus out to Idaho 
to meet her husband-to-be. They married on 

October 30, 1946, in Hamilton, Montana. Frank's 
brother and wife, Fred and Twila Scheihing, stood up 
for them. They made their home in Salmon. Frank 
still rode horses here and there before they settled 
down to raise their family. 

They purchased a house on 705 Union Avenue, 
which they paid Fifteen Hundred Dollars for. The 
house had a bedroom, kitchen and living room, and 
a path out back. 

Sherry Ann was born August 15, 1947, Larry Emil 
was born September 15, 1948. Both the children 
were born in Salmon and attended school here. 

Frank worked at the Cobalt Mine as a carpenter 
for several years. He helped build the mine and 
some of the living quarters at the old Cobalt 
townsite. He worked for the bakery as a delivery 
person. He worked for twenty-two years at 
Intermountain Lumber Mill. Marion cooked and 
waited tables in the Smoke House Cafe for Hank 
Benson for several years. She also worked in several 
of the other cafes in Salmon. 

Frank's hobbies were hunting, fishing, gardening 
and camping. Marion's hobbies were fishing and 
camping, crocheting and making craft items. 

Sherry Ann married Walter Edd Jacobs on August 
20, 1966. Larry Emil married Cindy Evans on July 
31, 1971. They both have made their homes in 
Salmon, Idaho. 

Frank Harold Scheihing passed away May 13, 
1977, and was buried in Salmon, Idaho. Marion W. 
Scheihing passed away April 15, 1987, and was also 
buried in Salmon, Idaho. 

— Sherry Ann Jacobs 

Larry Emil, Marion W., Frank Harold, and Sherry Ann Scheihing 


Elby and Jane Mahaffey Schmidt 

Jane Mahaffey was born in Tendoy, Idaho, the 
daughter of Steve and Hazel Mahaffey. In 1943, Jane 
was married to Elby R. "Tex" Schmidt of Emory, 
Texas. Following his discharge from the Air Force in 
World War II, they moved to the old Idaho Livestock 
(Van Sicklin) Ranch with headquarters at the 
confluence of Big and Little Eight Mile Creeks, eight 
miles north of Leadore, which they operated until 

Both of them were active in state and county 
organizations and community affairs. Tex is a York 
Rite Mason and a Shriner. 

Having sold their Idaho interests, they are 
presently ranching in the Red River Valley area of 
Northeast Texas. 

Their three children attended Leadore School, 
grades one through twelve. 

Dr. Stephen Paul Schmidt is Associate Professor of 
Animal and Dairy Science at Auburn University, 
Auburn, Alabama. His wife, Dr. Margaret Craig- 
Schmidt of McComb, Mississippi, is a faculty 
member of the Nutrition Sciences Department at 
Auburn. They have two daughters. 

Janelle Rae received her Bachelor of Arts Degree 
in Special Education at Western Montana College in 
Dillon, Montana. She has taught Special Education 
classes in Oklahoma Schools and presently does 
tutoring from her home in Clarksville, Texas. 

James Walker (Jim), resides in Moses Lake, 
Washington with his wife, the former Denise Holland 
of Plains, Montana, and their three children. Denise 
manages a social services program, particularly 
involving teen-agers. Jim continues to hold his 
commercial and rural realtor and appraisal licenses, 
while working full-time as Review Appraiser for the 
State of Washington. 

— Jane Mahaffey Schmidt 
Bert Donald and Zona Cook Schneider 

Miles and Stella Schneider with their son, Bert, 
traveled for several days from Grays Lake, Idaho, to 
reach a new home. They stopped at the Corbetts' 
part of the Shoup Ranch on Williams Creek. Bert 
remembers it was the evening before his twelfth 

They lived in a one-room log cabin, and later with 
the Corbett Family. Miles began construction of a 
house, which was to be their home for the next 
eighteen years. During this time, Stella created a 
beauty spot with her garden and flowers. Miles 
operated a small sawmill on their property. 

A daughter, Lila Joy, arrived to bless their home. 

During World War II, Bert served in the United 

FRONT ROW: Stella and Miles Schneider, MIDDLE ROW: Zolene, 
Bert and little Polly, Zona, Jean, Jill, Howard BACK ROW: Wallace 
Mund, and Cleve Schneider 

States Navy aboard the USS Idaho. Miles worked for 
a time with a construction crew at Adak, Alaska. His 
mother and Lila raised a garden in the summer, 
living in Salmon during the winter, until Bert and 
Miles returned. 

Zona B. Cook first met Bert on a blind date 
arranged by a friend. She was completing her final 
year of a three year course to qualify as a 
Registered Nurse. When it became necessary to 
break the date, Bert told friends he was determined 
to marry her. Later, involvment in an auto accident, 
resulted in a discolored eye of many colors. Bert 
told everyone that was what persuaded Zona to 
agree to a wedding. They were married November 6, 
1946, at his aunt's home in Ririe, Idaho. The 
following year, it was solemnized in the Idaho Falls 

They were blessed by the arrival of three 
daughters: Jean, Jill, and Zolene, and then came a 
long awaited son, Cleve Miles, named for his 

Zona's father, Cleve Cook, spent most of his time 
with them during the last six years of his life. He was 
an expert gardener and a loving baby sitter to Jean 
and Jill. 

Bert was recalled to the Naval Reserve at the 
beginning of the Korean Conflict in 1950, but 
received a medical discharge the following spring. 

In the summer of 1952, Bert, his father, and Bill 
Walker sold their homes and began construction of a 
drive-in movie theatre, which they operated. 

The family spent nearly two years at Cobalt, 
Idaho, where they operated a movie theatre. Bert 
was employed by Calera Mining Company as an 
electrician. Zona worked for a time as company 
nurse at the clinic. 

Bill Walker sold his share of the drive-in. Later, 


Bert's parents and Lila opened an A & W Root Beer 
Stand, which they operated for many years until his 
mother's poor health made a sale necessary. They 
later repurchased it from the new owners. 

Bert qualified as an electrical contractor, later as 
Lemhi County Appraiser. For a time they were 
engaged in electrical work, A & W, and movie theatre 
operations, in addition to Bert's position as tax 
appraiser. They were mainly family enterprises, with 
Bert, Zona and the children doing the work. Zona 
worked briefly, through the years as a Registered 
Nurse at Steele Memorial Hospital and Casabella 
Nursing Home, but mainly was involved with family 
and business. 

In 1978, Gayle and Maria Anderson purchased the 
drive-in theatre, which they continued to operate. 

Bert retired as tax appraiser in 1984. That 
summer he was diagnosed as having malignant 
lymphoma, and in 1987, chronic myeloid leukemia. 
After a courageous struggle with illness, he passed 
away in leukemic crisis on September 23, 1989. 

In addition to their three daughters, Jean, Jill, 
Zolene, and son, Cleve, they have two sons-in-law. 
Howard Kemp is married to Jill. They are parents to 
Jason and Brian. Zolene married Wallace Mund. They 
are parents to Polly, Gina, Amber, and Anya. They 
are proud of their family. Cleve is in retail 
management in Orange County California. Howard 
and Jill are Forest Service employees. Jean is an 
L.P.N, in Idaho Falls. Wallace has a career with the 
Marine Corps and Zolene enjoys her work as a 
laboratory technician. 

— Zona Cook Schneider 

Miles and Stella Schneider 

Miles and Stella Schneider and their twelve year 
old son, Bert, moved to Salmon from Grays Lake, 
Idaho, in May 1934. A nine year old son had died 
two months earlier from heart problems. They 
purchased part of the two thousand acre ranch that 
had belonged to Governor Shoup, by Williams Creek 
eight miles south of Salmon. They cleared away 
sagebrush, built a house, planted a garden, fruit 
trees, berry plants and lots of flowers and trees. 
During the first winter. Miles worked for the CCC's 
(Civil Conservation Corps) helping build a road along 
the Salmon River below North Fork. 

A daughter, Lila, was born to the couple October 
15, 1935. Later, Miles set up a sawmill. He went up 
the William's Creek Canyon to get logs. With some of 
the lumber, he enlarged their home. 

During the Second World War, Bert Schneider 
joined the Navy and served aboard the battleship, 
the USS Idaho. Miles helped the war effort by 
working as a carpenter. He worked at Camp Adair, in 


Miles, Stella, Bert and Lila Schneider about 1950 

Oregon and at the Geneva Steel Mill in Utah. He also 
worked for the Army Engineers constructing 
buildings and bridges along the Alaska Highway, and 
on the Aleutian Islands. While he was in Canada and 
Alaska, Stella and Lila spent their summers taking 
care of the farm, but lived in town during the 

Miles and a partner. Bill Walker, bought a piece of 
land on the north end of the bar in Salmon. They 
divided it into building lots, built homes and sold 
them. They each built a home for themselves. Miles 
sold the farm on Williams Creek and in the spring of 
1952, he, Bert, and Bill built the Sunset Drive-in 
Theatre, just north of town on Highway 93. Their 
wives and Lila also helped with the construction and 
operation. Lila also worked for the National Laundry 
and Dry Cleaners. In 1953, she graduated from 
Salmon High School and married K.L. Morgan. 

During the summer of 1957, Miles and Stella built 
an A & W Root Beer Drive-in on Highway 93 on the 
north edge of town. 

After spending some time in California, Lila and K. 
Morgan came back to Salmon in 1957. K. operated a 
Union 76 Service Station for awhile. Then, after Bill 
Walker dissolved his partnership with Miles, K. 
helped Miles with his construction company. He also 
built a store on Main Street and poured lots of 
sidewalks. Lila and K. built a house on the hill behind 
the A & W. Lila worked as secretary for the County 
Agent. K. was JC Chairman of Salmon River Days in 
1959. K., Lila, the Queen and her attendant, flew 
with Mike Loening around the state to advertise 
Salmon River Days. 

In 1961, K. and Lila moved to Pocatello. Three of 
their four daughters were born in Salmon. 

In the spring of 1962, Miles and Stella sold their 
home and the A & W Stand. Stella's doctor had 
advised her to move to a lower altitude. They spent 
two and a half years in Laie, Oahu, Hawaii, where 
Miles helped build the popular Polynesian Culteral 


Center. Next they lived in Escondido, California for 
eight years, where Miles worked in a wooden toy 
factory. Then, they moved back to Salmon and had 
a home built by the drive-in theatre. Miles continued 
building and selling wooden toys. 

In 1981, Miles and Stella sold their home and 
moved to Nampa, Idaho, to be near Lila and K. 

Miles died November 5, 1987 and Stella passed 
away March 15, 1990. 

— Lila Schneider Morgan 

Stella, Miles and Lila Schneider 1942 

Paul T. and Toiny E. Schneider 

The Paul Schneider Family moved to Salmon on 
October 29, 1985. Paul had, earlier in the month, 
taken the job as District Manager of Idaho Power 
Company for the Salmon District. At this time, the 
family consisted of his wife, Toiny Erickson 
Schneider, and five sons: Aric Paul born March 9, 
1971; Layne Thomas born August 10, 1974; Kyle 
Stacy born December 27, 1976; Neil Robert born 
August 14, 1980; and Darin Anders born December 
10, 1981. Paul's adopted daughter, Marcy, was 
married and living in Salt Lake City, Utah. 

BACK ROW: Kyle, Layne, Aric, and Marsha Schneider FRONT 
ROW: Neil, Paul, Toiny, and Darin Schneider 

Paul Thomas was born on October 8, 1941 in 
Chicago, Illinois, to Paul James and Evelyn Marie 
Gogstad Schneider. Another brother, James Robert, 
was born in November of 1948. His family was 
raised in Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. After graduating 
from high school, Paul attended the University of 
Wisconsin, Oshkosh, and Brown Institute in 
Minneapolis, Minnesota. After graduation in 1966 
from Brown, he took a job with KLIX Radio in Twin 
Falls, Idaho. 1968 found him in Pocatello, Idaho, 
working at KSEI Radio and finishing his Bachelors of 
Arts Degree at Idaho State University. In February 

1972, he started working at Idaho Power Company 
as a Residential Service Representative. 

Toiny Erickson was born on March 24, 1949 in 
Pocatello, Idaho, to Werner Arnold and Arlene Stacy 
Erickson. Other siblings were Karia Sue, Stacy Lynn, 
and Mavis Nan. After high school graduation, she 
went to Brigham Young University and graduated 
with a Bachelors of Science Degree in Family 
Economics and Home Management. In February 

1973, she started work as the Home Economist for 
Idaho Power Company and at this time, met Paul. 
They were married in December of that year. In 
November 1974, they were transferred to Blackfoot, 
Idaho, where they lived for eleven years and Paul 
worked as an Energy Management Representative. 

Paul has been active in Rotary International, Boy 
Scouts of America, and the L.D.S. Church. He has 
been active in Chamber of Commerce and served as 
President in 1989. He has been in charge of 
installing the Christmas lights in downtown Salmon 
for several years. In 1989-1990 he helped chair the 
Lemhi County Centennial Committee for the Idaho 
State Centennial Celebration. 

Toiny has been active with Parent-Teacher 
Organization, Boy Scouts of America, 4-H, and work 
in the L.D.S. Church. Over the years, the Schneiders 
have enjoyed hosting many foreign exchange 


students and sharing American ways with them. No 
matter where they live, they try to get involved in 
the area. 

At the current time, Paul is serving as Bishop of 
the Salmon 3rd Ward of the L.D.S. Church and is 
President-elect for the Salmon Rotary Club. Toiny is 
now a den leader for Cub Scout Pack 116 and 
working two days a week for Dr. Scott Taylor. Marcy 
is living in Elko, Nevada with her husband, Bobby 
Brown, and their children, Bryan Ray and Samantha 
Lyn. Aric is a missionary for the L.D.S. Church in the 
Portugal Lisbon South Mission. Layne spent his 
junior year of high school as a Rotary International 
Exchange Student in Kariya, Aichi, Japan. Kyle is 
playing on the 8th grade basketball team and serving 
as a class officer. Neil is in the 4th grade at Brooklyn 
School in Rose Morphey's class and Darin is a 3rd 
grader at Pioneer School in Chris Casterson's class. 
Paul's Mother, Evelyn, moved to Salmon, Idaho in 
1987 and is enjoying the area also. 

Toiny Schneider 

Elijah Stimpson Schofield 

Elijah Stimpson Schofield was born January 3, 
1852 in Manchester, England. He was the fourth son 
of Joseph Schofield and Elizabeth Hinchcliff 
Schofield, who came to America before the Civil 
War. They had another child, a girl, in 1854. 

In New York, Joseph joined the Union Army. In his 
second hitch, he was taken prisoner at the Battle of 
Cold Harbor, Virginia, and sent to Andersonville, 
Georgia, where he died August 15, 1864. His wife, 
despite being ill, took her children and joined the 
Mormon Horton Height Wagon Train. At Immigration 
Canyon, Utah, she died on October 18, 1862. The 
children made their home with three of Elizabeth's 
sisters who had moved to Salt Lake previously. 

Elijah, being young and interested in mining, 
bought a horse and came to Lemhi County in 1868, 
where he worked at various mines. Eventually, he 
met and married Eliza Jane Holbrook on December 
19, 1883, in Salmon. The Holbrooks were the 
second family group to settle in Salmon in 1867. 

In 1887, Elijah and Eliza moved to Geertson Creek, 
where over a period of years, they homesteaded and 
desert entried three hundred and sixty acres. They 
had three children, Elijah Jr., Walter, and Estelle. 

When Eliza died in 1923, Elijah kept ranching until, 
due to ill health, he leased the ranch to his children 
and their families. When he died in 1933, the 
children inherited the land they had leased. 
Eventually, Walter bought his sister's share, making 
two hundred acres. 

Walter married Mary Louise Sampson Cheal of 
Brigham City, Utah, on January 24, 1914 in Salmon. 
They had six children: Louis, Verne, Virgil, Ruby, 

Walter Schofield, Elijah Schofield Jr., Elijah Schofield Sr., Estelle 
Schofield, and Eliza Holbrook Schofield 

Betty, and Donna. Walter and his family ran the 
ranch until he leased it to Frank and Betty Kohl in 

Betty Schofield, born February 5, 1927, married 
Frank Kohl of Carmen, Idaho, on June 15, 1945, in 
Missoula, Montana. Frank was born September 13, 
1921. They have five children: Cheriene, Michael, 
Rhonda, Eden, and Lance. Frank and Betty bought 
the ranch in 1959 and later bought eighty more 
acres. Besides ranching, Frank was Deputy State 
Brand Inspector from 1959 through 1985. 

On March 23, 1968, Michael married Karin Whiting 
of Kuna, Idaho. In 1979, they leased the ranch from 
Frank and Betty. They have three children, Jason, 
Justin and Kristyn. 

Frank and Betty still live on the ranch and Frank 
helps where and when he can. Michael is the fourth 
generation to run the ranch. Frank and Betty's 
grandchildren and one great-grandchild make the 
sixth generation to live on the ranch. 

Four generations have raised the same crops and 
kinds of livestock with the exception of pigs, 
chickens, alfalfa seed, and peas. 

There were twenty-two acres of dry land pasture. 
Frank and Betty decided to divide it among their five 
children, so they could have homes on the ranch 
some day. 

Cheriene Kohl married Dick Howard on October 
10, 1970. They have one daughter, Tamara, but are 


now divorced. 

Rhonda Kohl married Michael Crismon on April 3, 
1976. They have two children, Jedediah and Kendra. 

Eden Kohl married Edgar Stark on May 26, 1984. 
They have three children: Daniel, Desiree, and 

Lance Kohl married Lori Wiederrick on December 
14, 1982. They have four children: April, Wendell, 
Whitney, and Ethan. 

Tamara Kohl married Richard Andrews on 
September 25, 1987. They have one son, John, and 
live in Walter and Louise's house on the ranch. 

Justin Kohl married Patricia Mitchell on April 14, 
1990. They have one daughter, Tristynn. 

The fall of 1990, Frank and Betty were honored at 
the Lemhi County Fair for having one of the five 
Centennial Ranches in Lemhi County. They own only 
forty-nine acres of her grandfather's original 
homestead, but forty acres qualified. 

—Betty Schofield Kohl 
Virgil Earl and Hazel Allred Schofield 

Virgil Earl Schofield was born February 22, 1916, 
on the family farm on Geertson Creek east of 
Salmon, Idaho. He was the only son of Walter and 
Louise Schofield. He had one half brother, Louis, and 
four sisters. His sisters were Verne, Ruby, Betty and 
Donna. Virgil attended grade school on Geertson 
Creek and then graduated from Salmon High School 
in 1934. He worked on the family farm in his 
younger years and on December 11, 1937, he 
married Hazel Allred. 

Hazel was the daughter of Milford Allred, who was 
born in Spring City, and Olive Reddington Allred, who 
was born in Junction, Idaho. She has one brother, 
Lester Allred, who lives in Idaho Falls. Hazel was 
born May 5, 1919, in Leadore, Idaho. She attended 
school in Leadore and graduated from high school 
there in 1937. Serving the public in local restaurants 
for twenty-eight years, she is a familiar and friendly 
face to many. Her primary interest has always been 
in being a mother and then a grandmother. 

Virgil and Hazel had three children. Milford (Bing), 
born August 3, 1938, married Lydia Jent on August 
3, 1977. They live in Salmon and he teaches in the 
Salmon School system. 

Clifford (Bang), was born January 13, 1942. He 
married Margaret Gohmes and had one child, Lewis, 
who married Sandy Bjiorn. Lewis and Sandy had a 
daughter, Brandi. Clifford married Donna Benson in 
January 1987; they live in American Falls with their 
son, Logan. He is in Aquaculture. 

Kaye, born January 22, 1944, married Dean 
Nebeker and had three sons: Joe, Don and Tom. 
She later married Stanley Swanson and they had a 
son, Levi. Kaye is living in American Falls, Idaho, at 

this time. 

Virgil worked most of his life in Lemhi County 
except for a brief time in the Blackfoot and Coeur 
d'Alene areas and Butte, Montana. He served in the 
armed forces in World War II. He also worked for a 
time in the Ima Mine at Patterson, Idaho. He worked 
for Lemhi County before going to work for the 
Cobalt Mine in 1949. The Cobalt Mine closed in 
1960, and Virgil moved his family to Salmon, where 
he was employed as Superintendent of Roads and 
Waterworks for the City of Salmon. He retired in 
1979, after working for Lemhi County. He died in 
1981. Hazel Schofield continues to live in the house 
they purchased in Cobalt and had it moved to it's 
present site in Salmon. 

Virgil was well known in Salmon, and it was often 
said he had never met a stranger. His nickname was 
Windy. He was a man to depend on; if Windy 
Schofield said it, you could count on it. If anyone 
needed any help. Windy was there. He is still fondly 
remembered and many stories are told of his life. 

—Hazel Allred Schofield 
—Milford Schofield 

Virgil, Hazel, Milford (Bing), Clifford (Bang), and Kaye Schofield 

Judith Ann Capps Scholten 

Judith Ann Capps Scholten was born in Salmon, 
Idaho, on December 20, 1948. She is the third of 
four children of Martin and Almira Capps. 

Judy grew up on Happy Hollow Ranch located 
eleven miles south of Salmon. She attended Pioneer 
and Brooklyn Elementary Schools and graduated in 
1967 from Salmon High School. 

She was active in the Theta Rho, 4-H Club, was 
Royalty in the Salmon River Days celebration, and 
worked as a guide for her father. 

Some of Judy's memories are of horseback riding 
in the mountains, visiting the hunting camps in the 


primitive areas, floating the Middle Fork and just 
enjoying the outdoor life. 

She attended the University of Idaho, where she 
met her husband, Gerald Scholten. Jerry is a native 
of Grangeville, Idaho. They were married March 21, 
1970, at the Presbyterian Church in Salmon. 

Jerry is an employee of the Idaho Fish and Game 
Department. The Scholtens live in Boise, Idaho, with 
their daughters. Danielle and Melissa. 

— Cammie Nebeker 

Jerry, Judy, Danielle and Melissa 

Myron and Anna Schrader 

Jessie Schrader was born in 1877, to Myron and 
Anna Schrader. Two more sisters were born later, 
Bernice, and Georgia who died when she was three. 

Myron Schrader had a horse ranch at the mouth 
of Kirtley Creek. He had come to the Salmon area 
from Pennsylvania. 

Myron went to Salt Lake on business for his ranch; 
there he met Anna Goodwin, who had come west 
from Ohio to visit with a cousin. She had lost her 
husband, but had a baby son named Harry. Myron 
and Anna fell in love and he brought his young bride 
back to Salmon. She thought Salmon was the end of 
the world, until she got acquainted with a lot of the 
early settlers in Salmon. She learned to ride and 
drive a horse and buggy. 

Her sister came west and married Monte White, 
who had a ranch on Carmen Creek. 

Myron had a claim at Leesburg, and had to make 
frequent trips to work his claim. They say he had a 
horse to ride, but led it more than he rode. The trip 
was fourteen miles one way. He was a big man, 
measuring six foot four inches tall. 

Myron had been married before, but his wife had 
died, leaving him with a son and two daughters back 
in Pennsylvania. His son, Lon, later joined him here 
in Salmon. 

When Jessie was six years old, she and Bernice 
went with their mother up Carmen Creek to visit her 
Aunt Emma. While there, news was brought that 
Myron Schrader had been thrown from his horse 
and was badly hurt. He had landed on his head in a 
rock pile. He lived just three days. The little six year 
old Jessie was broken-hearted; her beloved Daddy 
was dead. She remembers going into a closet and 
crying her heart out. 

The young widow, Anna, had to hire help to run 
the ranch. The years passed; the young girls were 
now able to help their mother on the ranch. Jessie 
loved the outdoors and loved to ride over the hills 
with her red hair in braids flying in the wind. She 
was a lot of help to her mother, working the garden 
and doing outside work. Bernice was better at 
working inside, doing the housework. They both had 
to go to school. 

Their mother, Anna, married Ted Wright in Salmon 
and Florence and Wilda were born here. Anna Wright 
loved to get in her buggy and take the children 
visiting. Once when she was going someplace where 
there was sagebrush along the side of the road, 
something frightened the horses and they ran away. 
Jessie jumped out of the buggy and landed by the 
side of the road unhurt, but the baby, Wilda, was 
thrown out. Anna was frantic when she finally got 
the horses stopped and turned back to where she 
had lost the kids. The baby had landed on top of a 
large sagebrush and was smiling when found. 

When Jessie was seventeen years old, she married 
Charles Holbrook. 

Anna and Ted Wright sold their ranch and moved 
to Texas, because Ted thought the climate would 
help his rheumatism. Their two sons, Lee and 
Hershal, were born in Texas. Jessie was broken- 
hearted that her mother was moving so far away. 
Her mother did get back to see them once, when 
Bryan was small. 

— Mrs. Boyd Holbrook 

William Willard and 
Loney Coffman Schultz 

William Willard Schultz (1860-1917) son of David 
and Maria Fidler Schultz, was born in Erie Co., 
Pennsylvania. He later moved to Carbondale, 
Kansas. He married Loney D. (Lona) Coffman in 
December 1890. Lona, the daughter of John and 
Henrietta Baker Coffman was born in 1871 and died 
in 1963. 

They made their home near Carbondale, where 


five of their children were born. Viola Marguerite was 
born in 1892 and died in 1980. Jessie Helen was 
born 1893 and died in 1979. Florence Mae was born 
in 1896 and died in 1980. Dora Mildred was born in 
1897 and died in 1984. John David was born in 1899 
and died in 1961. Clarence William was born in 
Salmon in 1904 and died in 1939. 

Mr. Schultz built many school houses. After 
completing one in Lexington, Missouri, he came to 
Salmon to build the Lincoln School in 1899. It was 
ready for occupancy in 1901. 

Since his health seemed to improve while in Idaho, 
he moved with his family to Salmon in 1902. They 
lived in several places in Salmon, one being a log 
house where the Steele Memorial Hospital stands. 
Lona ran a boarding house and soon became famous 
for her wonderful meals. 

Bill's next project was the Redwine Building, which 
is where the Baldree Electric is. 

When the community was stricken with small pox 
in January 1903, the family was living where the 
Shady Nook now stands. Lona's boarders plus the 
whole family were stricken except Lona, so she 
became nurse and cook. They had purchased a 
ranch about twenty miles south of Salmon in 
January 1903, but were unable to move until the 
epidemic was over in the spring. 

Lona loved to farm and since Bill was a carpenter, 
she had plenty of chances to farm. With her 
children, she ran the ranch plus tending the Lime 
Kilns, which Bill built to supply lime for his building 
work and to sell. It was a lot of work to get the 
wood and lime rock and to keep the fires going. 

Since there was no school in the area. Bill got the 
neighbors together and built a log school house. It 
was the first Iron Creek School. 

Lona ran a way station for the people coming from 
the Challis and Pahsimeroi areas to Salmon for 
supplies. Sometimes they even left their children 
while they went to Salmon. 

In 1908, Bill started construction on the Lemhi 
County Courthouse. It was completed in 1911. He 
built many other buildings in the area. He was 
working on the Tendoy School when the Great 
Builder called him in 1917. 

Lona continued to run the ranch with the help of 
her family. She served Sunday dinners also as a 
source of income. 

Viola married George Waetzig in 1910 and had 
seven children: Walter, Don, Bill, Florence, Doris, 
Marjorie, and Elizabeth, who died at the age of eight. 

Jessie married Floyd Goodell in 1913 and had 
three children, Kent, Lona and Philip. 

Florence became a school teacher and later went 
back to school to become a Home Demonstration 

Dora married Gardner Manfull and moved to 
Laramie, Wyoming, in 1919. They had three children, 

Donna, Colleen and Duane. 

David married Ruby Lathrop in 1925. They lived 
on the home ranch for several years, then sold it 
and bought the Spellman Ranch on Big Flat in 1945. 
He served from 1942-1945 as a State 
Representative from Lemhi County. They had three 
sons, David Leon, Clarence and Lonnie. 

Clarence married Elsie Birdzell in 1930. They had 
two children, Marlene and Willard. He was working 
for the Forest Service as a foreman of F-401 CCC 
Camp, when he was killed by lightning as he was 
returning from a fire on July 11, 1939. 

Lona moved to Salmon and purchased a home in 
1927. She still cooked dinners and had boarders. 
She was a member of the Methodist Church. She 
passed away in 1963, at the age of ninety-one. 

— Doris Waetzig Morton 

William Willard and Lona Schultz 

GEO. STEELE, Proprietor. 


Cassius Elliott and 
Josephine Pietrowski Scofield 

Cassius came to Salmon in 1886, by stage from 
Red Wing, Minnesota. He was born and educated in 
LaCrosse, Wisconsin. His mother was Mary A. Tullett 
Scofield. Josephine Pietrowski, or Jose as she was 
known, was born in Luxembourg in 1849. Both 
Cassius and Josi had childhood illnesses that caused 
them to become deaf. They met at the Institute for 
Deaf and Mute in Faribault, Minnesota, where they 
were teachers and were married in 1877. Cassius 
continued in his teaching profession. Two children 
were born who died in infancy, Cassius and 
Gertrude. Grace Blanche was born June 11, 1880, 
and Clarence on June 11, 1882, both in Red wing, 
Minnesota. Jose brought the children to Salmon by 
stage in 1887. 

Cassius Scofield died in 1917. His son Clarence 
died March 1925, and Josi on June 19, 1925. 
Clarence worked in the Big Hole haying as a youth. 
Grace married Ira Gable and raised her family in 

— Madge Slavin 

**1Wr iK* 





Josephine Pietrowski Scofield Cassius Elliott Scofield 

Robert and Evelyn ScoUick 

Robert Scollick was born on March 6, 1907, in 
Butte, Montana. He attended Butte Schools. Robert 
met and married Evelyn Wynn, from Michigan. 
Evelyn worked for a Jewish family in Butte before 
their marriage. Robert was in business with his 
family in trash hauling and mining in Butte. 

They have four living children: Roberta Scollick 
(Goodman), Betty Scollick (Jakovac), both living in 
Salmon; Gwen Scollick (Batterton), living in Jackson, 
Montana; and Tim Scollick of Sealey Lake, Montana. 

Robert moved his family to Salmon in 1945, from 

Robert and Evelyn Scollick 

Gilmore, where he did mining. While in Gilmore, one 
son, Robby, drowned while skiing. He skied into a 
pond and a large piece of ice broke off, floating over 
him. They brought the body to Salmon for burial. 
The family moved to Salmon at this time. 

Robert began a trash hauling business in Salmon, 
which he operated up until the time of his 
retirement. He also did excavating and landscaping 
in the area. He was an active member of the 
Masonic Lodge in Salmon. Evelyn worked for several 
families in Salmon and as a teacher's aid in the 
Seventh-Day Adventist School. She was an active 
member of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church. They 
both died and are buried in the Salmon Cemetery. 

— Roberta Goodman 

George Henry and 
Laura Dell Wilson Seaton 

George Henry Seaton was born July 19, 1901 in 
Steamboat Springs, Colorado. After traveling 
Colorado, Montana, and Wyoming, he, his Dad 
Oscar, and brother Alva, settled in Jackson Hole, 
Wyoming, where he went to school and grew up. 

Laura Dell Wilson was born November 12, 1902 in 
Rexburg, Idaho, where her grandparents lived. Her 
parents, John and lone Carter Wilson, were one of 
the first families to homestead Jackson Hole, 
Wyoming, but came to his parent's home in Rexburg 
for her birth. She grew up in Jackson and went to 
school in Jackson and Logan, Utah. 

The Seatons were married May 16, 1922 in 


Jackson, Wyoming. George did many varied jobs: 
cowboy, built trail up the Tetons, and ran an electric 
plant that furnished electricity for Jackson. He 
removed the electric plant from a mine in Forney, 

Finally, they bought a run-down ranch in the South 
Park area of Jackson Hole. They later bought the 
ranch joining theirs to make a good size operation. 
By the end of World War II, the area was becoming a 
tourist spot, so they began looking for similar cattle 
country with less people, and came to Lemhi 
County. April 1947, they bought the Thurst 
McCracken Ranch at the mouth of Carmen Creek. 

A son, Bert Oscar Seaton, and a daughter, Leiia 
Dell Seaton Smith, were married and had families. 
They stayed in Wyoming, but their other daughter, 
Georgene Helen (Genie), came with them. 

June 1947, the Salmon River was in a flood stage 
and going most anywhere it wanted. It cut through 
the Larry Bill's field, just north of the Carmen River 
Bridge and the Carmen Slough Bridge, taking part of 
the highway, and ran back into the river at Fackrell 
Island. Those concerned, gathered each morning to 
"check the river". They watched the mail come 
across on a cable. One morning a power pole was 
washing out and threatening to break the line, so 
George suggested they shoot the insulator, to free 
the line. He was a terrific shot, so it wasn't a 
problem. (He loved guns and-often bought his wife 
one as a gift). After the runoff was over, they put a 
dike in from the Carmen Canal to the river bridge. 

George was very active in the lOOF Lodge in 
Jackson and Salmon. Laura, enjoyed the Methodist 
Ladies' Circle, but the main social activity was the 
Carmen Grange. The Grange met on Friday nights, 
and after the meeting, the men always played 
penny-ante. The women played cards or just visited, 
but there was always a good desert and coffee 
served. They had dinners and other money making 
projects to pay for the building or to improve it. and 
that was a good time too. The kids were always 
included, especially for the Christmas Program. Each 
lady would out-do herself with treats, and the 
entertainment was super. 

Haying was a cooperative thing, with the neighbors 
going from one place to the next, until the hay was 
all in stacks, and ready for the cattle, which were 
out on the BLM Range. The Seaton range was 
between the Carmen Creek drainage and Kirtly 
Creek. For awhile, they milked cows. The milk truck 
would come every morning to pick up the cans of 
milk and return yesterday's empty cans. 

In 1950, the Seatons bought the Carmen Store 
and Post Office from Arch McFarland. Laura Dell was 
named Postmaster, running the store and post office 
for twenty-three years. She had to retire in 
December 1972. 

For some time they had been looking for a place 

to spend the winters. They decided Arizona and the 
Mohave Valley, by the Mohave Reservoir with it's 
good fishing, was the place. Later, they bought a 
place in Riviera, Arizona. 

Their grandson, Kim Call, watched the ranch in 
Carmen and fed the cattle, until he was killed 
coming down Carmen Creek Road. This was 
probably the saddest time of their lives. They loved 
to have the grandkids, Kim, Lynn, and Ann Call, stay 
with them and go to the mountains fishing, hunting 
or picnicking. 

George died in a car accident February 1986, at 
Riviera. Arizona. Laura still spends her winters there 
and the summers in Salmon. They had sold the 
lower fifty acres to Florin and Mitzie Beller, so she 
sold the rest of the ranch in 1990. At eight-eight, 
she is still active and enjoys going to Senior Citizens. 

— Genie Call Quinn 

Laura Dell and George Henry Seaton 



^fccts tiic first and thirtl Wcdncsdiy nijjhts 
of each month at ihc I. O. O. F. Hall, xl 8 
D*clock, p. u\, 

Miss M.vttii Stokes, N. G. 

E, M. j£ANJ,\QUCT. Secretary. 


William and Ethel Shanafelt 

With his tools of the carpenter trade — hammer, 
saw, chisel, and plane — Will Shanafelt made 
cupboards, tables and chairs, what-not-shelves, even 
barns and houses. Will wasn't afraid of any building 
project; he was always constructing something new 
or improving something old. 

Ethel Shanafelt was a builder, too, yet she 
generally constructed things from materials other 
than wood. She often took old, worn clothing apart,, 
washed the material, turned the unworn fabric to 
the front and created new garments in a different 
style. She crocheted, embroidered, quilted, 
gardened, canned, and was always able to put a 
delicious meal on the table, from almost nothing, in 
just minutes. 

William Herbert Shanafelt was born in Nesbitt, 
Dawson County, Nebraska, February 7, 1880. He 
came with his family to Idaho late in the 1800's in a 
horse-drawn wagon. Ethel Emily Wells was born in 
Woodruff, Oneida County, Idaho, on May 17, 1887. 
Her family too, came to Lemhi County, around the 
turn of the century. 

Ethel and William Shanafelt 

Ethel, a beautiful, strong-willed, young woman, 
married handsome Will shanafelt November 24, 
1904. Their early married years were lived at Cow 
Creek (up the Salmon River). Will and Ethel raised 
some cattle, and Ethel even cared for and sold 
chickens and turkeys. The Shanafelts always had a 
large, flourishing garden. 

The stage from Challis to Salmon regularly passed 
the Shanafelt Place. Industrious Ethel soon arranged 
for the stage to stop at their place, where she fed 
the passengers before they went on their journey. 
When road crews worked on the road along the 
Salmon River, they soon found out they could 
arrange for good meals at the Shanafelts'. 

Three children were born to Will and Ethel on the 
place up Cow Creek: Pansy Vera (Patricia), Arthur, 
and Leona. The children attended a country school 
and during the school season, their teacher stayed 
with them. Pat, Arthur, and Leona, along with their 
teacher, rode four miles on horseback to the school 
each day. 

Eventually, because of lack of school children in 
the area, the school was closed. Because the 
Shanafelts wanted their children to be educated, 
Ethel and the children moved to Salmon, where they 
lived and the kids attended school during the winter, 
while Will stayed behind on the place to care for the 
stock. Ethel was an excellent seamstress and kept 
busy sewing for others while the children were in 
school. Each spring, Ethel and the kids returned to 
Cow Creek, where the children were delighted to be 
united again with their dad, their horses, and pet 
calves. This continued until each of the children 
finished high school and went his or her separate 

In 1932, the Shanafelts sold out and moved to 
salmon. Here they purchased a good-sized piece of 
land and built a big four-bedroom, two-bathroom 
home, on what later was named Shanafelt Street. 
Will and Ethel took in boarders. Some long-time 
Lemhi County residents, such as Gilmore Denny and 
Rose Demick Becker once boarded with them. 

Using her good business skills, their good names, 
and Will's skills in carpentry, Ethel embarked on 
another business enterprise. She began to borrow 
money and purchase lumber and supplies. Will then 
commenced to build small homes. One by one, Will 
built six rentals which were called Shanafelt 
Cottages. Soon they were paid for, and the income 
from the cottages provided for the Shanafelts all the 
rest of their lives. 

Will and Ethel were loved by all who knew them. 
Their posterity, friends, and extended family 
members enjoyed being with them. Will was a very 
kind, considerate man. His honesty is also 
remembered by those who knew him. His skills in 
carpentry were remarkable, and if Will had the kinds 
of tools we have today, he could have been a 


professional cabinet maker. Ethel's skills in 
homemaking and management were a great asset to 
the Shanafelts all their lives. Ethel wasn't afraid to 
try anything, she could paint and hang wallpaper. 
She loved to visit and play cards. 

Will died in Salmon, April 17, 1954. Ethel passed 
away in Salmon, February 17, 1970. They are both 
buried in the Salmon Cemetery. Their daughter, Pat 
Miller, is now living in Michigan. Their son, Arthur, 
passed away and their youngest child, Leona Lee, 
still resides in Salmon. The original home and the six 
rental houses still stand in Salmon, a monument to 
the builder who erected them. Their children, 
grandchildren, and great-grandchildren are proud of 
the Shanafelt name and heritage. 

— Teri Wilson DInnell 
Barney Sharkey and Frank S. Sharkey 

Life in the new west was a romantically lonely 
place for many men. There were very few women, 
until civilization arrived. Frank B. Sharkey had a one 
night encounter with a young Indian woman, Mary. 
The result was a son, named Barney Sharkey, born 
about 1874. When the boy was a few years old, 
Sharkey and his wife took Barney in, and raised him. 
Barney's mother was called Barney Mary and she 
later married a white man. 

Barney Sharkey married, and he and his wife 
Kathryn lived in the Horse Prairie area near Grant, 
Montana. Their son, Frank S. Sharkey was born near 
Grant on May 15, 1914. They soon moved back to 
the Salmon area where Barney was employed in 
many different occupations. 

In 1924 Barney was employed at the road camp 
on the Lemhi river. He became ill with a high fever 
and Dr. Wright was called to treat him. Dr. Wright 
ordered him sent to the hospital, where he became 
delirious from the high fever, and died. The Salmon 
paper described his death with the story headline 
reading, "Gets Out of His Bed, and Drops Dead on 
the Floor". His funeral was held in the Old 
Methodist Church on Main Street. His pallbearers 
included Joe Kadletz, W. L. Mulkey, Matt Stewart, 
Mel Howe, J.M. McPherson and W. C. Smith. Barney 
Sharkey was described in his obituary as, "the 
oldest son of F. B. Sharkey, the pioneer discoverer 
of gold at Leesburg. His age was fifty-nine. He was 
an upright man, a good citizen, a hard worker, and 
possessed of a very kind and generous heart." 

Barney's son, Frank S. Sharkey, grew up in the 
Salmon area and lived in Salmon until 1940. He then 
moved to Washington state where he was an 
operating engineer in heavy construction. Frank S. 
worked on most of the dams on the Columbia and 
Snake River systems and settled in Clarkston, 
Washington. He married Wilma L. Williams in Walla 

Walla, Washington on May 13, 1963. 

Frank S. Sharkey died at Clarkston on August 1, 
1980 at age sixty-six. He was survived by his wife 
and three children. A son, Franklin B. Sharkey, Jr., 
another son, Daryle J. Sharkey, and a daughter 
Kathleen A. Searing. 

Frank S. Sharkey was laid to rest beside his father, 
Barney Sharkey, in the Salmon City Cemetery. 

— History Committee 

Sharkey Family 

Frank Sharkey is considered to be the Father of 
Lemhi County. He was one of the original five 
discoverers of gold at Leesburg; of those five men, 
he accomplished the most in Lemhi County; was the 
last to pass over the Great divide; and he was the 
father of ten children. This history deals with his 
descendants in Lemhi County. 

Daughter, Margaret Sharkey Kirkham, remained in 
Lemhi County and was a tireless "doctor" and 
midwife for countless area residents over the years. 
Mr Sharkey passed away at her home near Tendoy 
in 1919. Two of Margaret's granddaughters, Joyce 
Langfitt Frazee and Elaine Langfitt Wing, live in 
Salmon today. 

Daughter, Claire Sharkey McNicoll, was a lifetime 
resident of Lemhi County. She was born in Salmon 
on January 16, 1892 and attended school in Salmon 
and Moscow. In 1913 she married Murdock M. 
McNicoll, son of Leesburg pioneer merchant, Robert 
McNicoll. After a honeymoon in Scotland, they 
settled on and operated the Sharkey ranch for 
several years, until it was sold in 1921 to Steve 
Mahaffey. While at the ranch a daughter, Barbara 
Claire, was born. The McNicoll's then purchased 
and operated a sawmill on Pattee Creek. In 1931 
they were employed by the Forest Service. One of 
Murdock's first jobs was to rebuild the pack bridge 
at Shoup. Afterwards, he and Claire packed in to 
several mountain tips and built fire lookouts at 
Napoleon, Long Tom, Oreana, Skunk Camp, Butts 
Point, Stoddard Peak and West Horse. In 1938 they 
settled in Salmon where he worked at Home Lumber 
Company until he retired in 1959. 

Barbara Claire Murdock is a third generation 
Sharkey and a lifetime Lemhi County resident. She 
also attended school in Salmon and in Moscow. In 
1937 she married Clinton Quesnel. From 1936 to 
1938, Barbara taught school at Four Mile School on 
the Lemhi where she earned a handsome $80 a 
month for both teaching and janitorial work. Clinton 
was a forest ranger at Lemhi and at Indianola for 
several years. 

In 1946, the Quesnels bought the Tendoy Store 
which they operated for a year. After a short time 


with the State Highway Department, they purchased 
the oldest frame building on Main Street and started 
Clinton's Shoe Store. They operated that business 
until their retirement in 1974. 

Clinton and Barbara have two children, Robert and 
Elizabeth, both born in Salmon. Robert now lives in 
Coeur d'Alene and Elizabeth lives in Salmon. She 
attended school in Salmon and in Moscow. In 1963, 
she married Richard R. Smith, also a Salmon native. 
Their children are William Ray and Kathryn Ann, fifth 
generation native Lemhi County descendants of 
Frank B. Sharkey. 

•Richard R. Smith 

Frank Barnett Sharkey 

Frank Barnett Sharkey, leader of the party of 
frontiersmen who made the first discovery of placer 
gold in Leesburg on July 16, 1866, was born in 
Maine in 1838. At age fourteen, he began a three 
year career as a sailor before going to California to 
work at placer mining. Mining took him to Oregon 
and then Montana. 

In June, 1866, he, with Elijah Mulkey, Joe Rapp, 
Ward Girton and William Smith, outfitted at 
Cottonwood (now Deerlodge), Montana for a 
prospecting trip into the Salmon Area. Their 
discovery brought into existence Leesburg, Salmon 
and Lemhi County. 

While at Leesburg, he met and married Rebecca 
Ann Catey on September 14, 1871. Soon after, they 
purchased a ranch near Tendoy, Idaho. The Sharkey 
Ranch is the present Muleshoe Ranch. Here six 
children were born: Margaret, Frank, William, Mary, 
Charles, and Edward. 

Margaret remained in Lemhi County and was a 
tireless 'doctor' and midwife for countless area 
residents over the years. Two of her 
granddaughters, Joyce Langfitt Frazee and Elaine 
Langfitt Wing, live in Salmon today. 

Rebecca Sharkey passed away on December 3, 
1881. Frank remarried the following year to Anna 
Belle Pyeatt and to this union was born four 
daughters: Claire, Adele, Helen and Olive. 

In addition to raising ten children, Frank ranched 
and served as a county commissioner. He lived on 
the Sharkey Ranch until the time of his death, on 
January 29, 1919. 

Frank Sharkey's daughter, Claire, was a lifetime 
resident of Lemhi County. She was born in Salmon 
on January 16, 1892, and attended school in Salmon 
and Moscow, Idaho. In 1913, she married Murdock 
M. McNicoll, son of Leesburg pioneer merchant 
Robert McNicoll. 

After a honeymoon in Scotland, the McNicoll's 
settled on and operated the Sharkey Ranch for 

several years, until it was sold in 1921 to Steve 
Mahaffy. While at the ranch, a daughter, Barbara 
Claire, was born. 

Murdock and Claire McNicoll purchased and 
operated a sawmill on Pattee Creek for a while after 
the sale of the Sharkey Ranch. Then, in 1931, they 
were employed by the Forest Service. One of 
Murdock's first jobs was to rebuild the pack bridge 
at Shoup. Afterwards, he and Claire packed into 
several mountain tops and built fire lookouts in the 
area, including Napoleon, Long Tom, Oreana, Skunk 
Camp, Butts Point, Stoddard Peak and West Horse. 

In 1938, Murdock and Claire settled in Salmon, 
and he began to work at Home Lumber Company. 
He retired there in 1959. 

Barbara Claire, Murdock and Claire's daughter, 
born on the Sharkey Ranch, is a third generation 
Sharkey and lifetime Lemhi County resident. She 
attended school in Salmon and Moscow. In 1937, 
she married Clinton Quesnel. During the years 1936- 
1938, Barbara taught school at Four Mile School on 
the Lemhi River, where she earned a handsome 
Eighty Dollars per month (including the janitorial 
work). Clinton was a forest ranger at Lemhi and at 
Indianola for several years. 

In 1946, the Quesnels bought the Tendoy Store, 
which they operated for a year. After a short time 
with the State Highway Department, they purchased 
the oldest frame building on Main Street and started 
Clinton's Store. They operated this business until 
their retirement in 1974. The building is now the 
Hallmark Store. 

Clinton and Barbara have two children, Robert and 
Elizabeth, both born in Salmon. Robert lives in Coeur 
d'Alene and Elizabeth is a Salmon resident. She 
attended school at Salmon and Moscow, Idaho. In 
1963, she married Richard R. Smith, also a Salmon 
native. To this union were born William Ray and 
Kathryn Ann, fifth generation native Lemhi County 
descendants of Frank B. Sharkey. 

— Richard R. Smith 

Benjamin Alvin and 

Isabel Frances Walker Shaw 

Benjamin A. Shaw was born at Logan, Utah to 
James F. And Nannie Ellen Broadbent Shaw, on 
October 5, 1903. He was raised in the Springfield- 
Sterling, Idaho Area. Leaving home at age 
seventeen, he traveled many places, eventually 
arriving in Salmon. He worked, among other places, 
for Chet Mathewson at the livery stable. 

He married Isabel Frances Walker on April 11, 
1928. The newlyweds traveled to Hayden, Colorado, 
where they worked on a ranch belonging to Horace 
Hyde. Their daughter, Jean Isabel, was born there 
on November 16, 1928. 


In the spring of 1929, they returned to Idaho, 
renting land on the Reservation at Fort Hall. The 
family came back to Salmon in 1931, where their 
second child, Philip Wade, was born on July 27. He 
was born with a heart defect, and passed away 
January 15, 1933. 

The family worked and lived on ranches in the 
valley, until they moved into town, and Ben took up 
carpentry. Ben was very talented with his hands and 
did silversmithing, masonry, and leather working, as 
well as carpentry. Many homes and businesses in 
the area show his skill. 

Isabel stayed at home raising the children. Two 
more sons, Douglas Leo and Clinton Walker, were 
born to them on May 26, 1935 and February 18, 
1942 respectively. 

Ben and Isabel were later divorced, with Isabel 
staying in Salmon. She passed away on August 19, 
1954. Ben moved to Moore, Idaho, where he 
married Phyllis Haney. They later returned to 
Salmon and lived on Lovers Lane. Ben passed away 
March 12, 1974 and Phyllis on September 10. 1977. 

— Jean Johnson 

Yvonne Neal Shaw 

I was born at Tendoy, Idaho on September 18, 
1924. My father, Henry Frank Neal, born December 
7, 1888 in Salmon, delivered me via telephone 
assistance from my Great-Aunt Bertha Rose, who 
owned the Rose Hospital. 

My father's parents were Mead McClellan Neal, 
born August 5, 1863 in Richland County, Ohio and 
Jessie Alice Long, born in Linn County, Iowa to John 
Long and Nancy Kelsey. Mead and Jessie were 
married October 12, 1884 and resided at the 
Carmen, Idaho ranch until their deaths. 

My mother was Sarah Drucilla Blasingame, 
daughter of William Thomas and Cordelia Isadora 
Cooper Hinchey Blasingame, early settlers. 

My parents had two sons prior to my birth, 
Norman, who was killed by lightning when he was 
nine and a half years old, and Edgar Thomas (Tut or 
Red), who grew up to become a famous jockey and 
track executive. He married Beatrice Regenhoff on 
January 28, 1945 in San Francisco, California. Of 
this marriage, came five children: William Edward 
(Bill is a noted western painter who resides at 
Baker), Henry Thomas, Donna Jean, Joanne Rey and 
Cheryl Lynn, who with their families reside in 
Phoenix, Arizona. 

My sister, Sharon Lee was born December 23, 
1943 at Salmon. She married Carl Edward 
Neuswanger, son of Frank Russel Neuswanger and 
Marguerite (Holland) on August 14, 1963 in Salmon. 
Both Sharon And Carl attended the University of 
Idaho and now reside in Bainbridge Island, 

Washington, where Carl is an executive with HUD. 
Sharon became a teacher. They have two daughters, 
Sabrina Marie and Tara Lee, both of whom are at 
present attending college. 

I attended Four Mile School for one year and then 
Salmon Public School. I attended the University of 
Idaho, where I was a member of Pi Beta Phi and my 
name is listed on the Veteran Memorial there, for 
my service in World War II as a Navy Wave. I married 
Paul Hughes Shaw of New Philadelphia, Ohio on 
March 9, 1946 at the Mount Vernon Place Methodist 
Church in Baltimore, Maryland. One of my ancestors 
worked on this church and my husband is a direct 
descendant of the Carrol Family who founded 

We have four children: Sandra Yvonne, who owns 
a Postal Annex Store in Redlands, California, Andrea 
Willene and husband James Aaron of Ventura, 
California, Neal Page and Jeffrey Paul of Whittier, 
California. Jeffrey has three children: Julie Kristene, 
Shawn Paul and Vernon Jeffrey. 

I worked in the newspaper business for twenty-five 
years and was active in community affairs, earning 
the coveted "Citizen of the Year" award. For the 
past eleven years, I have owned my own business, 
"Cherished Memories". I teach the art of making 
reproduction antique dolls; sculpt, paint and restore 
antique dolls. My husband, Paul, is a retired deputy 
sheriff and now owns his own private investigation 

My parents, Henry and Sadie Shaw, were both 
active members of the Salmon community. My 
father was a rancher and later county deputy sheriff. 
He ran for the state senate in 1946 and lost by fifty 
votes. He is a Past Commander of Lloyd Shaw 
Legion Post and was always active in veterans' 
affairs. Mother was active in the Legion Auxiliary, 
Garden Club and BPW. They also owned the Rainbow 
Dance Hall. 

My mother's family came here because my Great- 
Uncle Riley Cooper fell in love with the valley while 
serving in the Army and fighting at the Battle of the 
Big Horn. (The monument at the top of the divide 
has his name on it). He vowed that he would return 
to settle here and he did. The Blasingames followed. 

— Yvonne Neal Shaw 
Ross and Carole Sheppeard 

Ross Sheppeard was born in 1932 to Earl and 
Mattie Sheppeard. He and his four brothers and one 
sister grew up in Jerome, Idaho. Ross met Carole 
Kaufman in 1952 and they were married two years 
later in Elko, Nevada. 

Carole Angel Kaufman was born in 1934 to Wallace 
and Helen Kaufman. She and her four sisters and 
one brother were raised on a farm in Wendell, Idaho. 


Ross and Carole raised four children together. The 
oldest was Julie, then came the twins, Mike and 
Valerie, and the youngest was Tammy. 

Ross started out working at the Idaho Power 
Company as a meter reader in Jerome in 1957, and 
in 1971, asked to be transferred to Salmon, where 
he worked his way up to his present position of 

Carole has been employed at Arfmann's Four 
Seasons clothing store for eight years. 

The Sheppeards have a beautiful home on five 
acres near the Lemhi River. They enjoy being 
outdoors, and especially enjoy steelhead fishing and 
metal locating. They have a valuable collection of 
arrowheads and antique insulators that they have 
gathered over the years. Ross also enjoys reading 
and can read a thick book in just a couple of hours. 

Carole is a great seamstress and is always sewing 
for her children and her eight grandchildren who all 
live here in Salmon. Their names are: Mandy, Beth, 
and Heather Olson, Lindsay Mikel and Doss Barrick, 
and Brittney and Nicole Sager. 

— Tammy and Rick Sager 

Carole and Ross Sheppeard at 1954 Wedding Reception 

FRONT ROW: Tammy Sheppeard BACK ROW: Julie, Micheal, and 
Valerie Sheppeard 

Ross Sheppeard with Record Steelhead taken in 1980 

Charles and Deena Joyce Briggs Shiner 

Charles Stephen Shiner was born on March 18, 
1957 in the Salmon Steele Memorial Hospital. He 
was the second child born to Charles Dean and 
Beverly Pope Shiner. His two brothers are James 
Dean and Mark Blaine. He has one sister, Robin 
Elaine Lufkin. All live in Lemhi County and are 
involved in ranching. 

Stephen attended grade school and high school at 
Leadore, Idaho and graduated in 1975. He then went 
to work in Idaho Falls, Idaho at a saddle making 
shop for six years. 

In 1980, he married Deena Joyce Briggs of Rigby, 
Idaho. They moved back to Lemhi County in 1982 to 
ranch with his dad and brothers. Stephen and Deena 
live on the Amonson Ranch which the Shiners run. 
They have two daughters, Katee and Stacy. 

Stephen still does leatherwork, along with the 
ranching. Both Stephen and Deena are members of 
the Leadore Roping Club. Deena enjoys following the 
rodeo circuit where she is involved in barrel racing 
and breakaway roping. 

— Deena Briggs Shiner 
Richard M. and Rose Manfull Shoup 

Richard Marvin Shoup was born June 27, 1900 in 
Salmon, Idaho, the son of W. H. Shoup and Jessie 
Richardson Shoup. He was the grandson of Governor 
George L. Shoup. The house he was born in was 
located on the site of the present IGA Economy 

When the Golden Spike was driven on May 18, 
1910, marking the arrival of the Gilmore and 
Pittsburgh Railroad in Salmon, ten year old Dick 
Shoup was there. He was impressed by the 
ceremony, and the crowd was the largest he had 


ever seen. His father had the privilege of handling 
the Golden Spike, valued at $600. When the train 
engine was finally all fired and steamed up, the 
pressure valve opened and steam shot out the side. 
There were nervous teams of horses nearby, and 
when the steam blew, many of them tried to run 
away from it, causing much excitement. 

Dick attended school in Salmon and then served in 
the Infantry during World War I. After training in San 
Diego, California, he was shipped to Siberia, but 
before they landed, the Armistice was signed. He 
was only seventeen when he enlisted, so after his 
discharge in 1918, he returned to high school to 
complete his Senior year, graduating in 1919. Dick 
Shoup and Rose Manfull were married July 17, 1922 
at the home of his brother Walter, on River Street. 

Rose Anna Manfull was born in Salmon on May 5, 
1901, the daughter of John and Marian Crouch 
Manfull. She attended Salmon High School and 
graduated in 1920, after which she attended the 
University of Idaho for one year. She was a clerk at 
McPherson's and J. C. Penney stores in Salmon and 
later helped her husband in the management of the 
feed and grain store. She was past president of the 
American Legion Auxiliary, past Nobel Grand of the 
Rebekahs, and a member of the Patrons of 

Dick and Rose were the parents of two children. A 
son, Richard G. Shoup, who moved to Montana 
where he was elected to the U. S. Congress. He now 
lives in Washington, D. C. where he is a 
representative for Union Pacific Corporation. Their 
daughter, Elizabeth (Mrs. John Dillingham), now lives 
in Spokane, Washington, where she is administrator 
for the North Town Hospital and Rest Home. 

Dick lived in Salmon most of his life except for a 
period when he worked for the Wyoming Highway 
Department and then for Rocky Mountain 
Transportation Company in Butte, Montana. He also 
worked in Wallace, Idaho where he was employed in 
a hardware, foundry, and machine shop office. He 
returned to Salmon during the Depression and 
served as Manager of the Salmon Office of the 
National Re-employment Service. After working at 
several jobs in the area he started his own business. 
He owned and operated the Shoup Feed Store on 
North St. Charles until he sold it in the 1960's, when 
he then developed the Shoup Trailer Park on 
Highway 93 North. 

Dick enjoyed mining and prospecting and in his 
retirement years he kept very busy with "the family 
claims" in the Leesburg area, where he maintained a 
summer home. He also enjoyed summer fishing in 
Alaska. He was recognized as the historical authority 
on Lemhi County. 

Dick was active throughout his life in the American 
Legion. He was a charter member and served as 
Commander of Loyd Shaw Post 67, and also served 

as District Commander. 

Dick said he remembered when the wooden 
sidewalks were all that Salmon had; not very 
effective when it rained. There was a long hitching 
rack for teams and horses in front of the Shoup 
Building, built by his grandfather, and there was also 
a well with a pump. He remarked that in those days 
everyone enjoyed life. "We didn't have thing to 
worry about, such as crime and communism. No one 
had enough money to be robbed, but we made a 

Dick died July 24, 1985 at St. Patrick's Hospital in 
Missoula, Montana. Ironically, it was in Missoula that 
his father had passed away thirty years before. 

Dick Shoup was a fine gentleman, who was liked 
and admired by all who knew him or did business 
with him. He was very proud of his pioneer family 
heritage and truly loved Lemhi County. 

— History Committee 

William Henry and 
Jessie Richardson Shoup 

William Henry Shoup was born April 7, 1869 at 
Salmon, Idaho, the son of George L. and Lena 
Darnutzar Shoup. His father was the last territorial 
Governor of Idaho, the first state Governor and the 
first U. S. Senator from the Gem State. 

Will was the first white child born in Salmon City 
township. He was educated in the Salmon 
elementary schools and was then sent to Dubuque, 
Iowa for his high school education. After graduation, 
he returned to Salmon at age nineteen. 

He married Jessie Richardson at Salmon on 
August 27, 1891. Eight children were born to the 
couple: Richard M., William R., G. Elmo, Walter J., 
Roy Laird, Nelson, Mary and Elizabeth. 

He operated the mercantile firm in Salmon for 
many years until about 1921. In 1922 he was 
appointed Salmon Postmaster. Then in 1925 the 
family moved to Wallace where he was employed in 
the hardware business. They then returned to 
Salmon where he ranched. He next went to 
Leesburg in 1931 where he operated the placers for 
several years. 

The family later went to Great Falls, Montana and 
Eugene, Oregon for employment, returning to 
Salmon in 1945. 

Will died May 28, 1955 in a Missoula, Montana 
hospital after undergoing surgery. His pallbearers 
were: Ralph Thrasher, Vern Bell, W.J. Lewis, Donald 
E. Martin, Charles Snook, John W. Snook, Fred Carl, 
Tom Kane, W.W. Simmonds, John Cole, Bill Nieman, 
Walter Schofield and Ben Dillon. 

His obituary described Will as ". . . one of Lemhi 
County's best known native sons; a respected 


pioneer merchant, rancher and miner. 

Five children preceded him in death: Walter J., 
Roy Laird, Nelson, Mary and Elizabeth. He was 
survived by his wife and three children. 

— Fred Snook 

Jacob William and 

Lois Sorenson Shulenberger 

Jacob William Shulenberger was born in Salmon, 
Idaho on March 9, 1937. He spent his childhood, 
until the age of three, at Shoup, Idaho. The family 
moved to Salmon and he finished school here. He 
joined the Army in 1954 and spent most of it in 
Panama and Puerto Rico. 

He married Lois Sorensen in 1957, and worked in 
the printing trade for ten years. He moved with his 
family to Salmon in 1969, and worked for the 

FRONT ROW: Karen Jean holding Catherine, Lois holding Shelley, 
Martha holding Bruce, Rebecca and Marta MIDDLE ROW: Lori, 
Pamela, William A. Steven and Dorothy BACK ROW: Axel 
Sorensen, Franklyn Sorensen, Jacob William Shulenberger, Henry 
Harter III 

Recorder Herald. He later started building and has 
been doing that ever since. 

Bill and Lois have four children: William Axel, Lori 
Ann, Pamela Jean (Hanson), and Shelley Rae 

William A. has four children and lives in Texas; Lori 
Ann has one child and lives in Washington; Pamela 
Jean lives in Washington and has two children; 
Shelley Rae has two children and lives in Salmon. 

— Bill Shulenberger 

John Donald Shulenberger 

John Donald Shulenberger was born May 1907, 
the first child of five children born to Stella Rape and 
John Beatty Shulenberger. 

Viola Mae Sauerwein was born June 24, 1906 at 
the family home near Crookston, Nebraska, to Henry 
and Bryl Sauerwein. She was the first of five 

Donald and Viola were married in Valentine, 
Nebraska on January 22, 1926. They moved to 
Phoenix, Arizona and Donald worked at odd jobs 
during the depression. 


In 1934, Hacksaw Tom talked Don into coming to 
Idaho. Don worked for the Gold Hills Mine for eight 
years and helped build the mine and barracks. 

They enjoyed the social events at Shoup and had 
many life long friends from there. Don loved the 
mountains and fishing and always had a pipe in his 

Viola always felt closed-in after coming from the 
plains of Nebraska. 

The family now consisting of Donita (Brown), Mona 
(Van Overen), John Richard and Jacob William, 
moved to Salmon and he continued to carpenter and 
mine. Don built many of the lovely homes in the 
area. Viola was very active in all services of the 
Methodist Church and Rebekah Lodge. Don and 
Viola built a home on the bar at Bitteroot Lane, 
where the Florin Bellers now reside. 

Viola died of cancer at the age of sixty-one. 
Donald remarried Carol Ulenin in 1970 and they 
moved to Challis. 

Donald died at the age of sixty-five of heart failure. 
Donald and Viola are buried in the Salmon 

Three of the four children are still living. Mona Van 
Overen died of cancer in 1990 at the age of sixty. 

— Bill Shulenberger 


Viola and Don Shulenberger 1939 

Virginia Shumate 

Virginia Shumate 

Virginia Shumate was born on November 1, 1901 
at Rea, Idaho in Fremont County, to John and 
Gertrude Bishop Reber. Her father was born in 
Switzerland in the 1800's and her mother was born 
in Petersburg, Virginia, also in the 1800's. Both 
came to Idaho as teenagers. Soon after their 
marriage, her parents became caretakers for the 
G.S. Myers Estate at Rea, Idaho, a position her 
father held for fifty-one years. 

Virginia attended school at home with hired 
teachers until she was nine years old. She was then 
boarded out for school in Kilgore and Spencer, 
Idaho. One of her teachers at Spencer was Kate 
Burgraff, a sister to Nick Burgraff, who was a Lemhi 
resident. Virginia attended high school in Ashton, 
Idaho, where she graduated in 1917. She then 
attended Gem State Business College in Idaho Falls. 

She later moved back to Ashton, where she 
worked as a teller and bookkeeper for Security State 
Bank until the 1920's, when the small banks in Idaho 
were taken over by the McCormick System in Salt 
Lake City (Walker Brothers Bank). She was 
transferred to Walker Bros. Bank as Collection Teller, 
a position she held for many years. 

In 1924, she married Paul Elieson. Her first child. 


a boy, was born in 1928, and died at birth. Her 
second son, Robert J. Elieson, was born in 1930. He 
is employed in the accounting department of J. R. 
Simplot Company, a position he has held for twenty- 
seven years. 

Virginia moved to Lemhi County in 1930, owning 
several places on Panther Creek and the Salmon 
River. In 1942, she married Ray Mahoney. They lived 
at Owl Creek for many years. After Ray's death, she 
sold her ranch and moved to Salmon in 1954. 

She took the Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) 
training given by Steele Memorial Hospital. After 
passing the State Board Examination, and many 
hours of special training, she became a Surgical 
Nurse, a position she held for seventeen and one 
half years. She was honored as " LPN of the Year 
for the State of Idaho" and received an all expense 
paid trip to Los Angeles, California to the National 
LPN Convention. 

She married Charles Shumate in 1960. Mr. 
Shumate died in 1966, and in 1972, nearing her 
seventy-first birthday, she retired from nursing. At 
age eighty-nine, and living alone, she does all her 
own work about the house. She grows a large 
garden each year, raises beautiful flowers and enjoys 
playing cards. 

Virginia has three grandchildren: Robert Elieson, 
John Elieson and Linda Elieson Tigert. She also has 
three great- grandchildren: Robert Neal Elieson, and 
Zachary and Merin Tigert. 

— Jean Benton 

Charles William Shutter 

Charles William Shutter 

Charles William Shutter was born June 11, 1908 at 
or near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, of Pennsylvania 
Dutch lineage. He therefore had a heavy Germanic 
accent. Charlie was raised in Old World fashion; his 
formal education was minimal, and instead of going 
to school, he went to work to bring money into the 
family. His first job, at ten years of age, was mucking 
full time, in a coal mine. From his wages, his 
allowance was a quarter a week, which equated to a 
bus ride to the movie, and a seven mile walk home, 
or a candy bar and movie with a fourteen mile walk 

Charlie's mother died of cancer when he was ten 
(which undoubtedly explains the family's need for 
money), and his father died during a goiter operation 
three years later. Charlie then lived with an uncle for 
a short time before running away. 

Little is known of Charlie's remaining early life, but 
the assumption must be made that mining continued 
to be the main activity. Many mines had a bonus 
system based on the most material moved per shift. 
He prided himself in always winning the bonus. He 

and his partner never lost a double jacking contest. 
The purpose of mentioning the above is to indicate 
his attitude toward whatever he did; he tried to do 
everything better than anyone else. He gave an 
employer his money's worth. In fact, he did 
everything the hard way. To go hunting with Charlie 
meant being on your feet and moving at dawn, with 
no stops or breaks; rations were one Hershey Bar. 

A coal mine explosion caused Charlie to go bald, 
and also burned the back of his hands to where the 
bones were exposed. He was told both would be 
unusable, but he exercised them until full use was 
regained. His hands were always sensitive to the 
cold after that. Due to the premature baldness, few 
ever saw him without a hat. 

Charlie served a hitch in the United States Marine 
Corps prior to World War II, when civilians and 
congress saw no need for the military, and therefore 
treated them as second class citizens, and paid 
them accordingly. He again enlisted in 1942, just 
before the age deadline of thirty-three. While 
stationed at Camp Pendleton, he was third highest 


with the rifle in the USMC for 1942. He shot two 
hundred twenty-nine bull's eyes of a possible two 
hundred forty. This ability was apparent with moving 
as well as stationary targets. A running rabbit didn't 
stand a chance, with Charlie hardly appearing to 
aim. His first experience was with a target he 
attached to the screen door. It yielded a kill of his 
mother's lamp in the living room. 

He worked copper mines in Miami, Arizona, then 
Ely, Nevada. A magazine article about Gibbonsville, 
Idaho, helped Charlie decide to take a look on a 
move to Alaska. Alaska was aborted, and Charlie 
found a job operating the shaker table at the Shoup 
Mine. He subsequently owned a bar-cafe, logged, 
trapped, and worked for the United States Forest 
Service, both on lookout and as muleskinner. In later 
years, he cooked for hunting camps, did leather 
working, and could be found up and down the river 
visiting with friends. 

Charlie liked to live on vacant ranches as irrigator, 
where he could distance himself from people. He 
was an avid reader, and through the years, became 
self educated. His handwriting was labored and the 
syntax old fashioned, but nothing was misspelled. 

Due to his stringent upbringing and being 
completely on his own so early in life, Charlie 
developed quirks not easily understood by post- 
depression folks. Sincerity, craftiness, 
bullheadedness, intense independence, etc. were all 
mixed, and one never knew which would surface. He 
had his friends; the rest didn't matter. 

-J.E. Hoy 

William H. Silbaugh 

Born in Brewston Mills, West Virginia, January 1, 
1884, he spent his early life there. "Bill" was the 
son of Frank and Lucy Silbaugh, and had six 
brothers and sisters: Herb of Jerome, Idaho; Charlie 
of Boise, Idaho; Laurn of Kingwood, West Virginia; 
Laura of Pennsylvania; Eva Benson of Bructon Mills, 
West Virginia; and Nell Fergerson of Connutt Lake, 

In 1907, he lived in North Dakota, where he 
owned and operated a thrashing machine, but 
decided to come out West because of his asthma. 
The doctor thought a dry hot climate would be good 
for him, so he spent most of a year in Arizona. 

He returned to West Virginia and got Charlie to 
come back with him. They worked their way across 
the country building a building here and there or 
doing what ever they could to earn money. They 
would work a place long enough to ship their tools 
by train and they would ride in the box cars. It took 
them most of a year to get across country, then 
they worked around several cities in Idaho. Later, 
they went back to Jerome and helped clear sage 

brush for the town of Jerome. 

Bill sent for Phoebe Marie Harrington, who was 
born in Greensboro, Pennsylvania on July 20, 1893. 
She had seven brothers and sisters: Ivan, Frank, 
Lou, Richard, Roxy, Katie and Susan Harrington. 

Bill and Phoebe were married in Shoshone, Idaho 
in 1911 and had seven children, all of whom were 
born in Jerome, Idaho. Robert lives in Bellview, 
Washington; Frank in Jerome, Idaho; Russel in 
Corvina, California; Ivan in Payette, Idaho; Donnley 
in Post Falls, Idaho; Jean Cockrell in Spokane, 
Washington; and Betty Studebaker of Salmon, Idaho. 

They farmed in Jerome until 1935, when they 
moved to Salmon. Here, they engaged in farming on 
Fourth of July Creek and Big Flat. They raised cattle 
and hay and in 1935, started taking care of elderly 
people. In 1939, they left the ranch and built the 
Silbaugh Nursing Home east of Salmon. He also 
owned and operated Wagonhammer Ranch and 
raised huge strawberries to sell locally. 

He built a large pond and raft on the Big Flat 
Ranch, where he took the old folks fishing. 

Bill was good to everyone — fed anyone who 
came along hungry. He was always on the run. Bill 
died March 30, 1958 and Phoebe died November 
22, 1976. They had twenty-eight grandchildren, 
sixty-three great-grandchildren, and thirteen great- 

— Alice Miller 

Phoebe and William Silbaugh 


Boyd and MarRue Simmons 

Boyd K. Simmons was born October 7, 1926 at 
Driggs, Idaho, the second child of Alma Simmons 
and Sara Klingler. The family moved to Ucon, Idaho 
during the depression years and later to the Mud 
Lake area, where Alma farmed and raised cattle. 
Boyd attended grade school at Monteview and 
graduated from Roberts High School. 

On the Fourth of July 1945, he met his future 
wife, MarRue Keller, who was born October 3, 1928 
in Whitney, Idaho. 

Boyd attended Ricks College, then entered the 
Army and served in Korea. 

In 1948, he married MarRue in the Salt Lake 
Temple. Ezra Taft Benson, her uncle, performed the 
ceremony. Eight children were born to them: Kerry 
Boyd-October 29, 1949, Judith Kay-September 8, 
1951, Robert Alma-January 18, 1953, Debra Dee- 
March 13, 1954, Kathleen-February 4, 1956, James 
Daniel-May 31, 1957, Rulon David-January 22, 1960. 
and Sara Jean-November 30, 1964. 

The couple graduated from Brigham Young 
University, in Provo, Utah in June 1950, Boyd in 

Boyd K. Simmons Family 

Chemistry and MarRue in Food Science and 

Boyd was accepted to Medical School at George 
Washington University in Washington D.C. He 
received his Dr. Degree in 1954. The family moved 
to Seattle, Washington where Boyd took his 
Internship Program at the Public Health Hospital. 

Medical practice opportunities were very good in 
Seattle, and he entered private practice across the 
street from the Ballard Hospital. His practice grew 
rapidly, and in 1964, he purchased a clinic in North 

They bought their first home on Magnolia Bluff and 
later, a larger home for their growing family, in 
North Seattle, Innis Arden Community. Boyd and 
MarRue served in many leadership positions in the 
fast-growing Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day 

Boyd took flying lessons and joined an airplane 
club. He loved to fly. He also enjoyed deep-sea 
diving. The family water skied, snow skied and did a 
lot of boating on the lakes and Puget Sound. Family 
fun was a priority. 

June 1970, the family moved to Lemhi County, 
where Boyd went into family practice with Dr. Walt 
Blackadar. He bought a small farm on Big Flat from 


/ . 

.. ''i* 




Boyd and MarRue K. Simmons 

Floyd Lindberg and built a home for the family. Boyd 
taught his family how to work hard on the farm — 
milking cows, hauling hay, working cattle, calving and 
all the skills new to city kids. 

The beautiful Salmon Valley became home to 
them as they adjusted to the new schools and found 
many wonderful friends. They all enjoyed the 
hunting, fishing, floating the Salmon River, and hiking 
the mountains. 

MarRue was active in the Salmon Arts Council, 
taught in the Salmon Schools as a substitute teacher 
and grade school librarian, served as Chairman of 
the Lemhi County Republican Party, and wrote and 
produced many productions involving both youth 
and adults. She still enjoys writing and reading. 

The Simmons Family love the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ and continued in Salmon as leaders in their 
church, using most of their available time in church 

Boyd found medical practice in the small ranching 
community very rewarding after the hectic, busy 
schedule of the city. As the years have gone by, 
government harassment and the inevitable march 
toward socialized medicine have ruined the private 
practice of medicine, and taken most of the joy out 
of serving the community medical needs. 

Kerry Boyd married Sandra Taylor on December 
29, 1967. They had one child, Justin Daniel, then 
Kerry died of cancer on July 3, 1971. Judith married 
David E. King on April 6, 1972. They have nine 
children: Kelani, Cija, Levi, Katie, Camaya, Kisha, 
Kerissy, Jacob, and Brian. Robert Alma married 
Julynn Morin on January 27, 1978. They have five 
children: Julia Maree, Joseph, Samuel, Spencer, and 

Jenessa. Debra Dee married Daniel Olie Noorlander 
Jr. on November 26, 1975. They have seven 
children: Jamison, Daniel, Spencer, Jennica, Reed, 
Nathan, and Katlynn. Kathleen married Todd J. 
Christensen on November 28, 1977. They have four 
sons: Toby, Tory, Trevor John, and Teren. James 
Daniel married Colleen Clawson on April 21, 1982. 
They have five children: Rebecca, Rachael, Julianna, 
Krista, and James Taft. Rulon David married Pamela 
Noland on September 5, 1986. They have two girls, 
Aerin and Aelix. Sara Jean married Cliff Stephenson 
on December 28, 1984. They have two children. 
Beau Jay and Kelli. 

— MarRue Simmons 
Farrel R. Simonsen Family 

Farrel and Alta Simonsen started married life in 
1924. They farmed in Idaho and Utah before moving 
to Lemhi County with their family in 1934. They 
rented the Tage Place, then moved onto the Hanson 
Place across the river, neighboring with Ernest 
Benedict and others, and soon grew to love the 
country and people. They returned to Utah because 
of family need, but Lemhi County soon called them 
back. They resided on the Gib Yearian place owned 
by Russell and Bob Benedict in 1942. The girls, 
Armese, Veria, Bonnie and DeVon, attended Leadore 

Leasing a ranch above Leadore from Emma 
Yearian, The Simonsens raised sheep and cattle until 
their dream of owning a ranch came true with the 
purchase of the George Smith Ranch on Texas 
Creek in 1948. They later bought an adjoining 
property from Floyd Whittaker, making their "Hidden 
Valley Ranch" with it's six hundred and three acres. 

Farrel and Alta worked together to raise their girls 
and run the ranch. He was an expert horseman and 
cowboy, breaking horses both to harness and rein — 
many that were considered outlaw. When he finally 
bought a tractor, he'd still yell, "Whoa". 

A good irrigator, Farrel put water over ground 
others said couldn't be irrigated. Alta milked cows 
and sold cream to provide ready cash. An excellent 
seamstress, she sewed for the girls. No stranger to 
chopping water holes for the stock in winter and 
lambing out sheep, she also drove a team of horses 
on the mower and hand stacked loose hay. She was 
more at home on the back of a horse than in a car. 
Hard working and honest, they saw their family 
didn't do without necessities. The girls recall a good 
life with a home abounding in love. The oldest and 
youngest girls, followed a career in nursing. The first 
daughter, Armese, with her husband, Devon Gilbert 
make their home in Corinne, Utah. VerIa and Ralph 
Peterson, Bonnie and Ted Whittaker, and DeVon and 
Howard Bielby all live in the Salmon area. 


In 1964, the Simonsens sold the ranch to Ed 
Smith and bought twenty-two acres on the Lemhi 
River east of Salmon, from Rex Piper. They kept 
sheep and Parrel's pinto horses. If you heard sleigh 
bells and the clop of hooves on a Christmas Eve, it 
may not have been Santa and his reindeer. Parrel 
was still riding those paints and irrigating at the age 
of seventy-two. Parrel, sometimes known as P.R. 
Simonsen, passed away in 1973. 

Alta gave up ranching in 1980, and took an 
apartment in Salmon, where she raises beautiful 
flowers. They have twelve grandchildren and thirty- 
some great-grandchildren. Alta is known for her 
poems. One titled "The Lemhi Trail", she set to 
music. The following poem gives a glimpse of the 
feeling Alta and Parrel had for the place they called 
home for sixteen years. 

There's a trail a'leading yonder, 
to these mountains that we love. 
Por there beneath their shadows 
lies the home you see above. 
It was here we started living 
and our hearts were full of joy 
Por we had found the answer 
to the call of long ago. 
Long, the trail that leads us 
to this heaven here on earth. 
May the photos in this album, 
bring it yet another birth. 
May our memories all be glad 

as we travel through the years 
Por we have loved this Valley, 
in it's sunshine and it's tears. 

— Bonnie Whittaker 
— DeVon Bielby 

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Alt2 and Farrel R. Simonsen 

James Howard Sims 

James Howard Sims, was born May 12, 1904 in 
Salmon, Idaho, the son of James G. and Ella May 
Sims. He attended school in Salmon. On June 18, 
he married Marjorie Burnham in Salmon. They are 
the parents of four children: Beth, Sandy, Tom and 
Jimmy (deceased). 

He operated the Sims Ranch south of Salmon and 
the Shoup Ranch, where he raised cattle. 

He was an active mining operator and engaged in 
mining activities at Cobalt. This was a family 
operation. Por several years, he operated the Pope 
Shenon Mine, as well as being active in the Gilmore 

James Howard Sims was active in community 
affairs, being chairman to various committees, and 
served eight terms in the Idaho Senate (1937-1939- 
1941-1955-1957-1959-1961-1963), representing 
Lemhi County. He was a member of Lemhi Masonic 
Lodge A P and A M, Idaho Consistory of Boise, El 
Korah Shrine of Boise, and Elks Lodge. 

He died January 10, 1971, at the age of sixty-six, 
in an airplane crash. Puneral services were held at 
the Methodist Church. 

— History Committee 


Ralph Edward Sims 

Ralph Edward Sims was born July 14, 1918 in Milk 
River, Alberta, Canada. His parents were Minnie 
Cristine Michaelis Sims of Glencoe, Minnesota and 
Harry Ralph Sims of Austin, Texas. Ralph was the 
fourth child of this marriage. The other three 
children were: Harry, Edna, and Hilda. His father was 
killed in a one car accident on Thanksgiving Day, 
1917, just a few months before Ralph was born. 
After a year, Ralph's mother had an auction sale 
with the help of Samuel W. Sims, who was the 
brother of H.R. Sims. In January, 1919, Minnie and 
Samuel were married and decided to move to Idaho 
with the four children and what livestock and 
machinery they had left. 

They moved by train to Cottom Lane Stock Yards, 
and then by wagon and horses up Cottom Lane to 
Samuel's homestead, which was located fourteen 
miles west of Leadore, Idaho. They lived in a one- 
room log cabin until they added two bedrooms. In 
later years they moved into a larger house. 

When the children were of school age, they walked 
three and one half miles to the D.C. School and later 
to the Lee Creek School. They took their dog. 
Brownie, along to help protect them from the 

After moving to Idaho, Minnie and Samuel had 
nine more children: Elmer, Ella, Minnie, Bud, Esther, 

Ethel, Evelyn, Don and Violet. The older children had 
to help with the chores, garden, farm work, and take 
care of the younger children. Ralph's step father, 
Samuel, died August 13, 1934 from a heart attack, 
leaving his mother to finish raising the big family. 
There was a bad drought and depression then, so 
Ralph's mother had to get help from the Federal 
Emergency Relief Administration to feed the family. 
When Ralph got older, he worked part time for Floyd 
Whittaker and the W.P.A. to help with the expenses 
and the feed for the livestock. 

When Ralph was twenty-four, he met Ruth Anna 
Parker, from Pocatello, Idaho, who had come to visit 
his mother and sisters and do some deer hunting 
too. Ruth was born December 20, 1923 in Pocatello 
and graduated from Pocatello High School in May 
1942. On November 6, 1942, Ralph and Ruth eloped 
at Dillon, Montana. They lived one year on what was 
called the Proulx Place on Cottom Lane, ten miles 
from Leadore. On November 6, 1943, they moved to 
the Phillip Hays Ranch, one mile east of Leadore. 
Ralph's mother moved to Blackfoot, Idaho about the 
same time, with some of the children that were still 
at home. 

The Sims Family FRONT ROW: Ethel, Samuel with Don MIDDLE 
ROW: Baby Violet with Michaelus (Minnie), Bud, Evelyn and 
Elmer BACK ROW: Esther, Minnie, Ella, Ralph, Hilda, Edna and 
Harry Sims 


Ralph and Ruth milked cows, sold cream, raised 
sheep, cattle, pigs, turkeys, chickens, hay and grain 
to pay for their ranch. They used their horses to put 
up the crops and feed livestock. They lived in an old 
log house for several years until they built a new 
home in 1955. 

In May 1964, Ralph's mother died. On January 3, 
1967, Ralph and Ruth had a son, Dennis Edward 
Sims. He made a wonderful change in their lives. On 
November 6, 1967, they celebrated their Twenty- 
fifth Wedding Anniversary, when Dennis was a few 
months old. 

July 1973, they sold their ranch and moved to a 
new home and smaller ranch at Seventeen Mile. 
Their son started school in Salmon, Idaho in August 
1973, going by bus. He graduated in 1985 from 
Salmon High School and was one of the three 
Valedictorians. He then went to the University of 
Idaho at Moscow, Idaho for three years to study 
Computer Science. Later Dennis went to Bellevue, 
Washington for a ten month internship with a 
microsoft corporation. He then returned to the 
University of Idaho for his fourth year. Ralph and 
Ruth still run the Seventeen Mile Ranch, but are 
looking forward to selling out and retiring. 

— Ruth Sims 

Ellis Ray and Ruble Morgan Skinner 

Ellis Ray Skinner was born on January 22, 1917 in 
Soda Springs, Idaho. He was the third of six children 
of Smith J. and Lena Rasmussen Skinner. Therma 
Dale and Virginia are deceased. Gene is retired and 
lives in Snohomish, Washington and Marlow lives in 
San Diego, California. 

Ray attended grade school at Soda Springs until 
the family moved to Idaho Falls, Idaho. He finished 
his formal education at Roberts, Idaho. 

Farming-ranching is the profession Ray has 
followed all his life. He is a life-long resident of Idaho. 

During the time Ray was farming in Bonneville 
County, he met and married Ruble Louise Morgan. 
Ruble was born in Jefferson County at Labelle, 
Idaho. She was the first of four children of W. 
Leonard and Leona Eddie Morgan: Ruble, Ray, 
Blaine, and Dee. Ray and Dee are deceased, Blaine 
is retired and lives at Menan, Idaho. 

Ray and Ruble have three children: Lyie Ray, 
Janice Kay, and Jimmie. 

LyIe is married to Eve Bennett. They have two 
sons, Jeffrey LyIe and Ryan Lee, and live in 
Lewiston, Idaho, where LyIe is County Weed and 
Solid Waste Supervisor, and Eve teaches in the 
Junior High School. They also have a boarding 

Kay is married to Steve Feldtman, and has two 

Ray and Ruble Skinner 1967 

sons, Patrick Ray and Travis Lee. Patrick is in the 
United States Air Force, stationed in Michigan. Travis 
attends college in Twin Falls. Kay also has a 
grandson, Zachary. The Feldtmans own and operate 
Feldtman Realty in Twin Falls, Idaho. 

Jimmie married Judy Allen. They live and work on 
the ranch on Wimpey Creek. Jim has two children, 
Andrea and Jim Todd. Andrea lives in Salmon and 
Todd lives in Lewiston, Idaho. Jim also has two 
grand daughters, Brittney and Mikenna Summers. 
Judy works for Lemhi Seed and Fertilizer in Salmon. 

During the time the children were small, Ray and 
Ruble ranched on Big Flat, and two ranches on the 
Lemhi, then finally in 1957, they moved to their 
present ranch on Wimpey Creek. When they first 
moved to Baker, the Skinners leased the ranch from 
Henry and Mary Weigand, but bought it in 1966. 

Before moving to the Weigand Ranch, Ray 
purchased a small herd of registered Angus cattle, 
which has grown and is now a lucrative and 
enjoyable enterprise. The skinners have always 
encouraged the children in their endeavors and in 4- 
H Club work. 

Among the organizations Ray has been privileged 
to be associated with over the years are: The 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, The Elks 
Lodge, The Eagles Lodge, The Lemhi County Fair 
Board, The Lemhi County, State, and National 
Cattlemen's Association, American Angus Association 
and the Carmen Grange. 

In 1986, Ray was honored as "Lemhi County 
Rancher of the Year". 

A highlight of 1987, was on November 16, when 
Ray and Ruble's families honored them with a 


beautiful Golden Wedding Celebration held at the 
Elk's Hall in Salmon. All of the immediate family 
were present, with the exception of one grandson, 
who was unable to attend. 

Ray was inducted into the Idaho Agricultural Hall 
of Fame on March 24, 1988, for outstanding service 
and leadership in his community. 

Ray and Rubie built a new home on their ranch on 
Wimpey Creek in 1981. They continue to make their 
home there, where they both enjoy the cattle and 
ranch activities. 

— Ruble Morgan Skinner 

' ( / 


Lyie, Kay and Jimmie Skinner 

Smith and Lena Skinner 

Smith Skinner was born at Ovid, Idaho on 
February 23, 1892. His wife, Lena, was born at 
Gentile Valley on December 10, 1892. 

The family moved to Lemhi County, Idaho on 
March 1, 1934. The Smith Skinner family consisted 
of: Smith, Lena, Therma (married to Byron Cook), 
Dale, Bobbie, Bonnie, Ray, Gene, Virginia and 
Marlow. They farmed on the Hagel Ranch. When 
they finally decided to quit farming, they sold out 
and purchased a place in Kuna, Idaho. They didn't 
stay in Kuna very long, and always found themselves 
longing for the beautiful Salmon River Valley and 
finally returned to make it their home. They built a 
home in Salmon, where they raised beautiful flowers 
and a huge garden. 

Nothing pleased Lena more than to find a needy 
family she could help. This she did for many years. 

Smith was always ready to help Dale, Ray or 
Byron whenever they needed a helping hand. He 
spent a great deal of time working for the L.D.S. 
Church. He died on December 27, 1963. 

Lena lived in their home for a short time before 
she had a stroke, then unable to live alone, she 
spent about eighteen years in hospitals and 
resthomes before she died on September 8, 1980. 

This family truly loved Lemhi County! 

— Ray Skinner 

FRONT ROW: Virginia, Smith, Lena, and Therma Skinner BACK 
ROW: Dale, Marlow, Gene, and Ray Skinner 

Leonard T. and Ilona Skunberg 

Leonard (Lenny) Thomas Skunberg was born Sep- 
tember 14, 1952 in Pelican Rapids, Minnesota. He is 
the fifth of five children born to Leonard Oliver and Ida 
Cecila Dalagar Skunberg. 

Lenny has been working as an aircraft mechanic since 
1970. In 1978, he moved to Salmon from Montana. In 
1980, Lenny started Lenny's Airmotive, an aircraft 
maintenance facility at the Lemhi County Airport. 

June 24, 1982, he married Ilona Christa McCarty. 
Ilona was born in Freiburg, Germany on January 7, 
1961. A son, Landon Thomas, was born July 18, 1987. 

In the fall of 1987, Lenny received the Aviation Main- 
tenance Technician of the Year Award for the entire 
United States. This was quite and honor for him. The 
Federal Aviation Administration decides who is to re- 
ceive these awards. The FAA and various aircraft man- 
ufacturers flew Lenny and Ilona to Washington D.C. to 
receive the award. 

August 12, 1989, another son, Leif Evan, was born. 

Lenny, Ilona, and their boys presently reside in Salm- 
on, and still operate Lenny's Airmotive. They enjoy 
maintaining the aircraft that fly in Idaho's beautiful back 

— Lenny Skunberg 


Derrold and Madge Slavin 

Derrold Theodore Slavin was born in Salmon on 
September 16, 1933 to Leitha Irene Gable and 
Theodore Clarence Slavin. His sister, Gayle, was 
born on March 12, 1930. The family lived on a small 
ranch near North Fork, later moving to the William 
Wallace Ranch on Carmen Creek. 

The little log homes at North Fork and Carmen 
were cozy and the closeness was comforting. When 
Grandfather Slavin died in 1941, they moved into 
the large home with it's big upstairs bedrooms. 
Derrold's grandmother, Frances, would gather the 
children (often cousins too) into her feather bed and 
tell stories of when she was a little girl in Missouri 
and there were Indians to run from. 

Derrold attended the one-room school at Carmen 
for eight grades, the Salmon High School, and the 
University of Idaho at Moscow, Idaho, where he 
studied agriculture for two years. Derrold met 
Madge, who was also studying at the University. 

Madge Letitia Foster was born in Memphis, 
Tennessee to Frances Miller and Myron Dale Baker. 
Dale's folks lived in Olathe, Kansas on a farm. The 
Millers and Bakers on Frances's side were early 
settlers in Emmett, and are included in Hailey's 

Madge and Derrold Slavin 1953 

three volume History of Idaho. Madge's stepfather is 
Lowell Foster and she grew up in Salt Lake City, 
Utah and Boise, Idaho. 

Derrold and Madge were married in Salt Lake City, 
Utah on August 29, 1953, and moved to the ranch 
on the Big Flat owned by Derrold's parents. Bruce 
Theodore was born June 18, 1954, Tracy Ellen on 
November 26, 1956, Chad Lowell on April 25, 1961, 
and Theodore Frank on March 26, 1963. 

During his early years of ranching, Derrold was in 
the National Guard, he cut and hauled Christmas 
trees to California and was an outfitter in the Indian 
Peak area near North Fork. 

Beginning in 1965, Derrold contracted 
construction jobs with his cousin, Don Shafer, as 
"Shafer and Shafer". They built trails and train 
bridges as well as other unusual structures on 
government contracts. They contracted a series of 
foot bridges at the Great Falls of the Potomac near 
Washington D.C. for the National Park Service. Other 
structures are in Idaho, Washington, Oregon, 
Arizona, Montana and Alaska. Don has remained in 
the construction business in Salmon and married 
Elaine Gutzman Green. 

The Frontier Office Building and Bella Vista 
Apartments were both constructed with Derrold as 
the general contractor. He has been interested in 
mining, and buying and selling ranch property. 

In 1972, Derrold and Madge purchased the Big 
Flat Ranch. 

Bruce, after taking highest honors in Art History, 
went back to the University of California at Berkeley 
to become a Doctor of Optometry. He currently 
practices in Bakersfield, California, where he lives 
with his wife, Nancy Shaeffer Slavin, and sons, Adam 
Michael born December 21, 1984, and Nicholas 
Theodore born September 25, 1990. 

Tracy pursued a university degree in Design and 
works as an interior designer doing principally, 
commercial installations in Anchorage, Alaska, where 
she lives with her daughter, Kimberly Anne Kelley, 
born March 9, 1979. 

Chad died on May 1, 1981 at home. He was 
clinically depressed and took his own life. It was a 
great tragedy and the family is very sad because 
they loved him very much. 

Ted attended the University of Idaho, where he 
was a member of the Vandaleers' singing group and 
toured with them throughout Idaho. He married 
Maria Hooks, who teaches junior highschool English 
and drama. Ted owns and manages an antiques shop 
in Morro Bay, California. They are expecting their 
first child in May 1991. 

Derrold and Madge own and manage the Bella 
Vista Apartments and their ranch property. Their 
hobbies involve studying and buying antiques, 
traveling to auctions, museums and galleries. 

— Madge Slavin 


Milton A. and Roberta Aldrich Slavin 

Jock was born June 30, 1945 in Salmon, Idaho at 
Stine's Maternity Hospital, which was located across 
Main Street from the present Steele Memorial 
Hospital. He spent his early years growing up in 
Salmon and on the Big Flat Ranch near Carmen. 

After graduating from Salmon High School in 
1963, he entered the University of Idaho at Moscow, 
Idaho, where he pledged the Tau Kappa Epsilon 
(TKE) Men's Fraternity and enrolled in the combined 
business-law program. During his Junior Year, he was 
accepted by the University of Oregon to study 
International Business in the exchange program with 
Nijenrode of the Netherlands near Amsterdam. The 
1965-66 academic year was spent studying in 
Holland and touring Western Europe. During the 
summer of 1966, he studied Spanish at the 
University in Santander, Spain, whereupon he and a 
classmate from the University of Oregon, returned 
to the U.S. via an ocean voyage aboard the Queen 
Elizabeth I, then on to Idaho by driving across the 
continental United States. Jock received a degree in 
Business Administration in the spring of 1967. 

After graduation, he traveled to California, where 
he was employed for three years by Lockheed 
Missiles and Space of Sunnyvale. After working for 
Lockheed, Jock returned to Idaho and the University 
of Idaho Law School. Upon graduation from Law 
School, he returned to Salmon and practiced law 
with James C. Herndon. 

Jock met Roberta A. Aldrich during the summer of 
1961, while she was visiting her cousins, Joyce and 
Leah O'Connor. They were later married in Seal 
Beach, California. Roberta is the great- 
granddaughter of W.S. and Julia Andrews of Salmon, 
and Frank and Belle O'Connor of Forney, Idaho, and 
the granddaughter of Alvin and Maud O'Connor 

In 1976, Jock was selected to serve as the first 
Lawyer Magistrate for Lemhi County. He returned to 
private practice in January of 1983, serving as Public 
Defender for Lemhi and Custer Counties and 
currently as Salmon City Attorney. 

The Slavin's enjoy skiing with their three sons, 
Matthew Robert, Milton Chace and Michael John, 
the fifth generation of Slavins to live on Carmen 
Creek. Matt graduated from Salmon High School in 
1990 and is currently in the U.S. Army. Chace and 
John are students at Salmon Junior High School. 

Jock and Roberta work together in Slavin Law 
Office and serve as co-leaders of the Salmon United 
Methodist Youth Fellowship. Jock is the Chairman of 
the Administrative Board of the United Methodist 
Church and Roberta is the recording secretary. They 
served as Worthy Matron and Worthy Patron of the 

Order of the Eastern Star, Hugh Duncan Chapter #2, 
during the 1986-87 term. Roberta is also a member 
of Chapter A.F. of P.E.O. Jock has served several 
times as Master of Lemhi Lodge #11 A.F. and A.M., 
and is currently High Priest of Royal Arch Masons, 
Chapter #14. He is a member of Salmon 
Commandery #9 and St. Charles Conclave of the 
Order of the Red Cross of the Constantine, and is 
currently serving as President of Salmon Rotary 
Club, Salmon Elk's Troop Boy Scout Committee 
Chairman, and as Carmen Precinct Committee 
Chairman of the Republican Party. 

— Milton A. and Roberta A. Slavin 

John, Jock, Matt, Chace and Roberta Slavin 

Milton Charles and Janice Edwards Slavin 

Milton Charles Slavin was born on July 2, 1901, in 
Carmen Idaho, the son of William W. and Frances 
Kadletz Slavin. He attended school at Lower Carmen 
and Salmon High School. He married Janice Edwards 
on August 31, 1920, at the Church of the Redeemer 
in Salmon. 

Milt and Janice, as a young couple, made their 
home on the Slavin Ranch at Carmen until 1924, 


when they purchased their own ranch a couple miles 
up Carmen Creek, where they remained together 
until his death on March 23, 1976. There they raised 
a son, Milton Edwards, and two daughters. Norma 
(Kobe) and Dona (Barsalou). 

Milt and his brother, Ted, worked on the family 
ranch near Carmen. Together, they purchased a 
ranch on the Big Flat and expanded their ranching 
operation with both sheep and Hereford cattle. 

Milt was a charter member of the Carmen Grange 
and served as Master on more than one occasion. 
Both he and Janice were active in the Idaho Wool 
Growers Association, the Idaho Cattlemens 
Association, and helped to organize the Lemhi Cattle 
Horse Growers Association, serving as President 
more than once. He also was a member of Lemhi 
Lodge 11, A.F. and A.M. Royal Arch Masons, Salmon 
Chapter #14, and Salmon Elks 1620 BPOE. 

Janice served as president of the Lemhi Cow 
Belles, was active in the Eastern Star, and served as 
Worthy Matron in 1965. She also helped on the 
ranch, feeding ranch hands along with the chickens, 
turkeys, ducks, bum lambs and calves. The summers 
were spent moving the sheep or the cattle to the 

Janice and Milt Slavin 

summer range and putting up the hay to feed them 
during the winters. 

Milt and Janice were one of the first families in the 
area to have hydro-electric power produced on their 
ranch; however, Idaho Power proved to be a more 
reliable source of power in the winter when the ice 
froze tight, so the "power house" was converted to 
a granary. They worked hard side by side and 
enjoyed their friends and neighbors and getting 
together to quilt and play a game of pitch whenever 

— Janice Edwards Slavin 

Milton Edwards and 
Helen Grohosky Slavin 

Born in the Rose Hospital (currently the Shady 
Nook Restaurant), in Salmon, Idaho on August 2, 
1921, Milt Jr. went to grade school at the Lower 
Carmen School and graduated from Salmon High 
School. While in High School he earned spending 
money and gas money for the commute to Salmon, 
by milking several cows and selling the cream at the 
local creamery. After graduating from high school, 
he worked on the family ranch and neighboring 
ranches, and spent a couple seasons packing 
supplies on horseback to the back country for the 
Forest Service. 

Milt Jr. met Helen Gail Grohosky, a school teacher 
from Burley, Idaho, in 1941. Helen had graduated 
from the Albion Normal School in Albion, Idaho, and 
had taught at the Geertson Creek School and later 
in the Salmon Schools. They were married in 
Missoula, Montana, on June 2, 1944. They became 
partners with Milt's parents in the ranching business 
and Helen continued to teach for a few years to 
supplement their income. They moved onto the Big 
Flat Ranch, after it was purchased with Ted and 
Leitha Slavin. Milt Jr. and Helen had three sons: 
Milton Arthur (Jock), Patrick Sam and William 
George (Bill). 

Milt and Helen eventually purchased a ranch near 
Leadore, Idaho, to provide additional pasture and 
hay for the Carmen and Big Flat operations. They 
later purchased a home near the Carmen Post 
Office, where they now reside. 

Milt and Helen served as co-presidents of the 
Salmon PTA (Parent-Teacher Association)in 1957-58. 
They were active in the Idaho Cattlemens 
Association, where Milt served on the Board of 
Directors and Helen served as treasurer of the Idaho 
Cow Belles Association in 1963, (the year that Ethel 
McFarland was state president). Milt is a member of 
the Salmon Elks BPOE 1620, and Lemhi Lodge #11 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons (serving as 


Worshipful Master during 1968), Royal Arch Masons 
Chapter #14, Salmon Commandery #9, Shrine and 
was elected to the Order of the Red Cross of 
Constantine of the St. Charles Conclave on June 16, 
1989. Helen in a member of P. E.G., the Order of 
Eastern Star (serving as Worthy Matron during 1961- 
62), and the Salmon United Methodist Church. 

— Helen G. Slavin 

Milt and Helen Slavin 1944 

Theodore Clarence and Leitha Irene 
Gable Slavin 

Theodore Clarence Slavin was born August 27, 
1903 to Frances Kadletz and William Wallace Slavin 
of Carmen. His mother was Bohemian and, his 
father said," A blue-blooded Yankee and proud to be 
one." They lived on a ranch on Carmen Creek. 
Frances recalled that Ted was a quiet, easy going 
child. She told the story of Ted selling an owl for 
fifty cents to buy bon-bons from Frank Tingly's store 
as a gift for her. They were so stale that she could 
hardly bite into them. 

Ted, who attended school at Carmen and Big Flat 

Schools, was raised with three sisters and four 
brothers: Beatrice, Gladys, Evelyn, Otis, Milton, 
Daniel and Oliver (Pete). Ted and Gladys used to ride 
a horse double, to the Salmon River to spear 
Salmon to feed the hay crew. When barely sixteen, 
he exaggerated his age in order to enlist in World 
War I, but the war ended before he finished boot 
camp. He often said the cross country train ride to 
Columbus, South Carolina, and the return via Fort 
Douglas for his discharge, was trip enough to last his 
lifetime. He had seen nothing to compare with the 
beauty of Lemhi County and he found few reasons 
to leave again. 

He purchased lambs from local ranchers and sent 
them to Chicago, Illinois, on the Gilmore and 
Pittsburgh Railroad. 

Leitha graduated from Salmon High School in 
1925, giving the salutatory address. That summer, 
she, along with a group of her friends, climbed to 
the top of Freeman Peak just for the fun of it. She 
and her best friend, Olga Johnson Smith, attended 
Normal School in Lewiston that fall and received 
teacher's certificates. Ted and Leitha were 
married on May 22, 1926. They purchased a new 
Buick and spent their honeymoon in Salt Lake City, 
Utah, where they bought the latest in wicker 
furnishings. Leitha taught at Four Mile School in the 

They lost all but ten cents on the dollar of their 
savings following the 1929 crash and subsequent 
bank failures. Money they borrowed to establish 
credit and buy a wood kitchen range, had to be 
repaid in full with interest. 

They acquired the North Fork Ranch for taxes 
owed when W.W. Slavin lost money he had loaned 
against the property. 

Gayle Carolyn was born March 12, 1930 and 
Derrold Theodore on September 16, 1933. They 
moved to the W.W. Slavin Ranch on Carmen Creek 
in 1937, and purchased the ranch on the Big Flat in 

Leitha Irene Gable Slavin 

Theodore Clarence Slavin 


1947. Ted built a home on the bar overlooking the 
Salmon River. Leitha decorated it with antiques and 
kept a beautiful flower garden. The North Fork was 
used for pasture, family picnics, fishing and fall apple 

Ted was urged to run for the Idaho State 
Legislature and was elected in 1955 and again in 
1957. He returned to Salmon and ranched with 
Derrold until shortly before his death. He passed 
away at age sixty-seven on December 4, 1971. His 
funeral filled the Methodist Church, with many left 
standing. It was said that he didn't have an enemy in 

Leitha married Louis Cunan in 1978. She died 
suddenly, when her heart failed July 13, 1989 at her 
home in Salmon. 

-Madge Slavin 

William Wallace and 
Francis Kadletz Slavin 

three bedrooms, where they had eight children. The 
first born was Otis, who married Virginia Gautier and 
became a U.S. Forest Ranger. Next came Beatrice, 
who later married Hans Walchli. Gladys came next 
and worked in the bank before marrying Frank 
Edwards. Milton Charles was the fourth child and 
grew up to marry Janice Edwards and became a 
prominent rancher in Carmen. Theodore (Ted) 
married Leitha Gable and went on to become a state 
legislator and cattleman. Daniel, the sixth child, 
became a well respected dentist in the Rupert area. 
Evelyn (Mimi) married Larry Bills and lived on the 
Slavin homestead near Carmen. The youngest, Oliver 
George (Pete) married Florence Keys and proceeded 
to live most of his life in Billings and Dillon, Montana. 
After sixty-six busy years in Lemhi County, packing 
supplies to the mines, developing his ranch near 
Carmen, raising his eight children and serving on the 
local school board, joining the Oddfellows Lodge and 
enjoying playing cards with his friends and 
neighbors, William Wallace Slavin died on December 
22, 1941, in Salmon. 

William Wallace Slavin first arrived in Lemhi County 
in the spring of 1879. Wallace Slavin was born in 
Malone, New York on September 6, 1859, the oldest 
son of Mary Lewis Slavin and John Slavin. During his 
teen years he worked in Essex County, New York in 
the iron mines — saving his money to come West. 
Having left home and headed West by railroad to 
Corrine, Utah, at the age of twenty, Wallace met up 
with new friends; Charlie Pautzke, Ira Minert, Tom 
Fenton and Bud Bigelow, who talked of the Salmon 
Country. They hired an old freighter, Ira Earhart, 
with his four horse team (some say it was oxen) and 
wagon to take them north up along the Snake river 
to Eagle Rock, on to Birch Creek, then Junction; 
they arrived in Salmon twelve days later. 

In 1880, W.W. Slavin worked for Dick Johnson 
packing supplies into the Leesburg mining camps. In 
1881, he mined at Shoup, hauling ore to the mill 
until 1885, when he and Roscoe Dodge became 
partners in a restaurant and a ranch at Carmen. A 
couple years later, Wallace bought out Dodge's 
interest in the ranch and sold his interest in the 
restaurant to Dodge. 

From 1887-1890, W.W. Slavin and Charlie Spinney 
bought Eli Minert's and George Hyde's pack string 
and ran a pack string together, packing supplies to 
the mining camps in Shoup, Pine Creek, Gibbonsville, 
Leesburg and Challis, returning to Salmon with gold 
bricks or dust. He retained this treacherous business 
along the icy trails and cliffs of the Salmon River 
until 1891, when he decided to take a bride and 
settle down on his ranch at Carmen. On December 
31, 1891, Wallace and Frances (Fannie) Kadletz were 
married by the Reverend E.G. Hughes. 

Wallace soon built a one story log house with 

— Milton A. (Jock) Slavin 

W.W.SIavin Family 1941 FRONT ROW: Fannie and Wallace Slavin 
MIDDLE ROW: Dan, Evelyn, Beatrice, Gladys Slavin BACK ROW: 
Ted, Milton, Otis and Pete Slavin 


Aubrey E. and Marsha Smith 

Aubrey E. Smith was born on December 25, 1929 
in St. Petersburg, Florida. He is the second son of 
Eurie and Versie Gunter Smith. His brother, Troy 
Lee, lives in Brandon, Florida. 

Aubrey attended local schools, graduating from St. 
Petersburg High School in 1948. At Florida Beacon 
College, he received his B.A. of Theology in 1951. He 
joined the U.S. Army in 1953, going to U.S. Army 
Chaplain School at Ft. Slocum, New York. 

In 1950, he married Ardyce teaming in Des 
Moines, Iowa. They had three sons: Aubrey Randall, 
Allan Troy and Stephen Michael. The couple divorced 
in 1967. 

Aubrey served overseas in Korea, Okinawa, 
Vietnam and Germany. Stateside assignments were: 
Ft. Bragg, North Carolina; Ft. Campbell, Kentucky; 
and Ft. Lewis, Washington. Most of his service was 
with paratrooper units, including: the 82nd Airborne 
Division, 101st Airborne Division, and Special Forces. 
He was awarded several medals including: The 
Legion of Merit, Purple Heart, and Air Medal. 

Following retirement in 1974, he returned to 
Florida and opened a counseling business. During 
this time, he became reacquainted with his cousin, 
Marsha Gunter Merkle and on December 27, 1975, 
they married. Marsha is the eldest daughter of Lee 
Adon and Ann Bennett Gunter. Her sister, Lynda, 
lives in Florida. Marsha had married Charles W. 
Merkle Jr. in 1961. After giving birth to David John 
in 1964, and Deborah Ann in 1966, the marriage 
ended in 1969. 

Marsha had trained as a physical therapist, but 
being recently divorced, she took a job as 
receptionist in a law firm. After taking extra courses, 
she became a legal secretary. 

She joined Beta Signa Phi Sorority in 1959, where 
she is still active. In addition, she was involved in 
church. Legal Secretary Association, Boy Scouts, Girl 
Scouts, and St. Petersburg Boy Choir activities. 

In 1978, becoming uneasy with the rapid growth 
of their city, the Smith's put an ad in several 
Western newspapers for a home exchange. After a 
long, slow and dusty ride, they arrived at Ted and 
Barbara Maestretti's home in Shoup. The site lies 
twenty-nine miles from North Fork on the left side of 
the road. Today four families have built homes on 
the property. 

The winter of 1978, was the coldest in thirty 
years. Everything was so different from Florida, that 
even the hardships were enjoyable. 

Being unable to find any patented land for sale, 
the Smith's were preparing to return, when they 
were asked to operate the Ramshead Cafe nearby. 
By staying, they met E.E. Groff. He agreed to sell 
three acres at Poverty Flats. Land was cleared and 
construction began, but winter hit with only the 

FRONT ROW: Deborah Merkle BACK ROW: Marsha and Aubrey 
Smith 1978 

foundation of the basement floor finished. 

The two story log home is the Smith's dream 
home. Their three older sons raised the logs while 
extra river hands placed the ridge beam. Since 
1980, they have planted fruit, shade and ornamental 
trees. A small vineyard, asparagus and berry patches 
provide high yields. 

In December 1981, the Smith's were awakened at 
three A.M. by strange sounds outside. Marsha 
opened the door and called to their dog, Sheba, but 
not seeing her, she picked up the flashlight and went 
downstairs and opened the front door. Her scream 
woke Aubrey, who grabbed his rifle and went to her 
rescue. About ten feet from the door stood their dog 
with her head inside a cougar's mouth! A series of 
adventures followed, but after about twenty minutes, 
Aubrey was able to get a shot as the cougar reared 
a bit. Marsha checked Sheba, while Aubrey made 
sure the cat was dead. They decided to try and 
obtain medical help by calling Dr. Heckendorf. After 
a two hour drive to his office, he began treatment. 
Sheba had two deep puncture wounds to the head 
and numerous minor cuts, but fortunately, no artery 
was affected. After leaving the dog at the clinic, they 
realized they had no gas to get home and it was 
Sunday morning. The good doctor put gas in their 
tank and sent them on their way. Sheba, in time 
recovered, but was extremely gun shy. In addition, 
the Fish and Game confiscated the cougar as Aubrey 
didn't have a cougar tag. After a series of meetings, 
it was decided the Smith's could keep the cougar 
since this was such an unusual case. It hangs today 


on their wall as evidence of that horrible event. 

Not to be dismayed, and seeing a steady increase 
in tourists and sportsmen to the Salmon River, they 
opened their home in 1987 as a bed and breakfast. 
A double wide modular home was moved onto the 
property to give additional room. Each offers a 
different decor, and guests rave about the delicious 
country fare. 

In June 1989, subscribers of the North Fork 
Telephone Corporation were informed that as of 
December, their hand crank phone service would be 
terminated. Marsha was appointed media 
chairwoman. A brisk letter writing campaign started. 
Press releases followed and the Idaho Public Utility 
Commission had a hearing in Salmon. Rural 
Telephone Company of Glenns Ferry, Idaho bid on 
laying a new buried cable. The system was 
completed and official switch over was made on July 
12, 1990. 

Being active in community life, the Smith's devote 
much time to improving conditions. They take pride 
in Idaho, now calling it "home". The clean fresh air, 
beautiful scenery, wild animals, kind hearted people, 
and quality of life are unbeatable! 

— Aubrey and Marsha Smith 

Blair and Joyce Bohannon Smith 

Joyce Lee Bohannon was born June 28, 1951 at 
Salmon, Idaho to Oscar and Adellia Marie Lund 
Bohannon. She was welcomed into the family by 
three sisters and one brother from her mother's first 
marriage and two brothers and one sister from this 

Oscar's first marriage was to Olive Safford and 
produced three children: Warren, Margaret, and 
Lyie, who go by the surname of McLaughlin. Oscar's 
second marriage to Adellia Marie Lund, was blessed 
with four children who survived: John Oscar, Ray 
James, Helen Adelle and Joyce Lee. Adellia Marie 
Lund's first marriage was to Elbert Wheeler. They 
had the following four children: Clara Marie born 
May 27, 1936; Elberta May born September 26, 
1937; Leroice Ann born March 31, 1939; and Walter 
Melvin born November 7, 1942. 

John Oscar was born June 14, 1944 and married 
Marcella Lee Harrison in Crescent City, California. 
They have two sons. Ray James was born 
September 26, 1945. He was first married to Janie 
Stephanishen and had one son, Raymond. They later 
divorced. He remarried and lives in Crescent City, 
California with his wife and four children: LeRay, 
Danielle, Russell, and Loreta. 

Helen Adelle was born February 17, 1947. She 
married Roy Darrah. They have two children, Daniel 
and Barbara. 

Joyce Lee married twice. Her first marriage was to 
John Arbuckle, the son of June Bielby and Fred 
Arbuckle. Her second marriage was to Blair Smith on 
September 24, 1971. Two children were born: 
Thomas Oscar, who lived only two days, and Tami 
Lee, who lives in Salmon where she attends high 

Joyce's father died of a heart attack on Jolley's 
Hill in September 1958. Her mother died in April 
1963. Twelve year old Joyce was taken into the 
home of Ann and Bob Pinker. (Ann was her half 
sister). The Rinkers already had three children of 
their own, but gave Joyce a loving home. Joyce felt 
that even though the Wheeler children were only half 
brothers and sisters, the feeling was very much full! 
They were very close for which she was very 

Joyce was the only one of the children to 
graduate from high school, and felt very thankful 
that she had the opportunity and encouragement to 
do so. 

Bohannon Creek was named after her grandfather, 
Isaiah (Tick) Bohannon. The ranch was very beautiful 
and is now owned by W.B. and Marion Swahlen. 
Salmon is Joyce's hometown and she is very proud 
to live here and enjoy the beauty of the mountains 
and valley. 

Blair came to Salmon in 1970, to help his brother. 
Dale, at the local radio station (KSRA). He was 
raised in Rexburg, Idaho on a farm, with one brother 
and one sister. Dale is now deceased and his sister 
lives in Shelley, Idaho. 

Blair served his country in the United States Air 
Force. He enjoys horses, and can talk for hours 
about rodeo, farming, truck driving, and rodeo. 

When Blair was growing up, his parents bought 
him a steel guitar. The old guitar is gone, but he has 
since bought a new one, and enjoys playing when he 
has the time. The Smiths recently were able to 
locate the business that originated steel guitar 
music. They had moved from New York to Arizona, 
but were going out of business. They felt very 
fortunate to locate this company as they were able 
to get a lot of music they were afraid had been lost. 

In November 1990, the Smith Family had the 
opportunity to have their marriage solemnized in the 
Idaho Falls Temple. Blair's father, who was eight-five, 
was able to stand in as proxy for their son, as Blair, 
Joyce, Thomas Oscar, and Tami were sealed as a 
family unit. A large group of well-wishers attended 
this special day. It was very spiritual. 

Blair continues to work at the KSRA Radio Station 
and Joyce is employed as a teller at a local bank. 

— Joyce Lee B. Smith 



Bob and Dorothy Bansky Smith 

Bob (Sasa) Smith was born January 26, 1924 at 
the Hamilton Ranch on Highway 93 South near 
Salmon, Idaho, the tenth child of fourteen children 
born to Pete (Petra Sasa) and Amelia Radonovich 
Smith. Bob's parents came to the United States in 
1902 from Brubno County, Klosmica, Yugoslavia in 
the District of Glina. 

Bob's first memory is in 1928 when the family 
moved from the Hamilton Ranch to the Mulkey 
Creek Ranch near Baker, Idaho. Bob was on a hay 
wagon and watched the rear wooden wheels of the 
wagon, with one wheel higher than the other. His 
sister, Mary, was driving while Bob rode on the hay, 
watching the cows follow. 

He remembers area ranchers putting their cattle 
together to trail them to the Big Hole. The herd 
stretched out for two or three miles with a chuck 
wagon and eight to ten men driving the cattle. 
People could hear the cows bellow for a mile before 
they came by. 

His first day of school was quite an experience. 
The family talked in Serbian at home, so when Bob 
was asked a question in school he would answer in 
Serb. All the children would laugh and think it was 

Bob attended school at the Four Mile School on 
Highway 28. Mrs. Pearl Roberts was his teacher. 
Mrs. Roberts had a 1930 Chevrolet Coup. One day 
as she turned into the school-yard, her car quit. She 
ran the self-starter quite awhile and the car still 
wouldn't start. Bob asked if he could lift the hood 
and see anything. Mrs. Roberts look at him kinda' 
funny and said he could, but not to touch anything. 
Bob looked and saw a loose wire from the round 
black thing (the coil). He told her that a wire had 
fallen off and it looked like it belonged in that hole. 
She told Bob to install it and then she got in her car 
and it started. 

At age seven. Bob and a neighbor boy went 
swimming in the Lemhi River. His friend challenged 
Bob to a race. Bob's brother, George, yelled "Go!" 
and the boys took off. The friend was running and 
laughing with his mouth open, because he was a 
little way ahead. All of a sudden he came to an 
abrupt stop and started pointing to his tongue and 
yelling "BEE! BEE!" Bob stopped and looked, sure 
enough, there was a bee stinger on his tongue. Bob 
pulled the stinger out and packed his tongue in mud. 
Bob considered himself the winner of that race. 

In 1933, Bob's father, Pete, passed away leaving 
his wife Amelia and eleven children. Amelia kept the 
family together while irrigating the fields, and milking 
the cows by hand. In 1934, the family home on 
Mulkey Creek burned down and the family lost 
everything. Bob was herding sheep up Dutch John 
Creek the night of the fire. The next day, a man 


, \- 

Bob's business on Corner of Main and intersection 28 

walked up to his camp to tell him. Bob had his 
father's forty-four forty rifle with him and that was 
the only thing they saved. 

Bob was blessed as a natural mechanic and tore a 
Model T apart at age ten. His theory was, "If 
someone else could build it; he could repair it." 

In 1940, at age sixteen. Bob went to work for the 
Portland Iron and Steel Company removing the G & 
P Railroad tracks. His duties were firing on Number 
11 engine. (See photo) Bob and his brother moved 
to Pahsimeroi in 1941, and leased the Ed Peck 
Ranch. Bob also leased a garage in May, Idaho from 
Harvey Boring. Bob employed two full-time 
mechanics and one person that would grease and 
lube cars. In 1945, and through the summer of 
1946, Bob herded one band of sheep in the 
Yellowjacket for the Bauman Brothers. 

In the fall of 1946, Bob moved to Warren, Ohio for 
employment at Youngstown Press Steel, as a mill- 
wright and welder. There Bob met Dorothy Banksy 
and they were married in Vienna, Ohio in 1947. 

March of 1949, Bob and Dorothy moved to May, 



Brother Pete, and Bob at the Bridge by 28 Club— 1939 

Number 11 Engine at Cottom Lane 

Idaho where he was employed with Ima Mine as a 
timber-framer. Bob next went to work at Dee Motors 
in Anaconda, Montana; then was employed with 
Union Construction in Livingston, Montana as a 
mechanic. In 1952, the family returned to the Ima 
Mine in Patterson, Idaho and stayed until the mine 
closed in 1957. 

They moved to Salmon, and Bob worked for his 
brother, Eli, at Smitty's Auto Sales until 1962, when 
Bob started his own business, a partnership, named 
Smith and Johnson Auto Repair. (See Photo) In 
1967, Bob sold the business. During the next five 
years, bob was shop foreman for Smith International 
Sales and later for Bill Goodman at Goodman's 

In 1972, Bob started his own business again as 
Bob Smith Welding and Auto Repair and Used Car 

Bob and his wife, Dorothy are semi-retired now 

and enjoy walking, fishing, camping and their 

Four children were born to Bob and Dorothy: 
Barbara Ann (Morrison), Jean (Stokes), Joan 
(Jenson), and Linda (Andrews). 

— Bob and Dorothy Smith 
Clarence O. Smith 

Clarence 0. Smith was born in Duquoin, Illinois, 
March 24, 1891 to Mary J. (Molly) Yearian and 
William Clarence Smith. He was the second of five 

His mother died when he was ten years old. After 
that, he worked and lived several years on the 
Mulkey Ranch with his Uncle Bill and Aunt Ida Pattee 
Mulkey. Later he went to work on the Whittenberg 
Ranch on Carmen Creek, (now the McFarland 
Ranch). While there he met Winnifred (Winnie) 
Niemann. They were married June 17, 1908. From 
this marriage three sons were born: Marvin William 
Smith in 1909, Glen Charlton Smith in 1911, and 
James Clinton Smith in 1915. 

They lived on Upper Carmen on what is now the 
Parmenter Place. The family later moved to the 
Bank Ranch, where they raised potatoes and sheep. 
Clarence had several Indians working for him in the 
potatoes. The Indian village was south of Salmon; (at 
that time, all the Indians still lived in tepees). 
Clarence knew a lot of the Indian language and 
enjoyed talking and trading with them. One Indian, 
Judy Quanda, made silver rings for the boys out r^ 

Clarence 0. Smith and Olga Smith 


James C, Glen C. and Marvin W. Smith 

quarters. Fred Walchli and family now live in the 
house Clarence had built for his family. 

From 1922 to 1925, the family moved to Kelso 
and Longview, Washington, then to Portland, Oregon 
and finally back to Salmon. 

In 1926, Winnie died. 

Marvin Smith married Shirley Silver in 1927. Glen 
Smith married Laura Stine in 1932, and James 
Smith married Norma Clausen in 1954. 

Winnie and Clarence had five grandchildren: 
Gordon Clarence Smith-1929, Clinton Douglas Smith- 
1933, Marilyn Winnifred-1934, Margery Carol-1934, 
and Glen Michael-1942. 

In 1929, there was a 5th Generation Celebration. 
This consisted of: Henrietta Springer Smith Pattee, 
born in 1848, (died in 1933); William Clarence Smith, 
born in 1868, (died in 1948); Clarence Ora Smith, 
born in 1891, (died in 1966); Marvin William Smith, 
born in 1909, (died in 1984); and Gordon Clarence 
Smith, born in 1929. 

November 23, 1927, Clarence married Olga E. 
Johnson. Olga was born in Virginia City, Montana, 
October 17, 1909 to Mathilda Person Johnson and 
Edward Holgar Johnson. Clarence and Olga met 
while she was teaching school at Big Flat north of 
Salmon. They were married in a log cabin on the 
Slavin Ranch on Carmen Creek by Rev. C.A. Hawley, 
a Presbyterian Minister and good friend. Their 
friends, Ted and Leitha Slavin stood with the couple 
during the ceremony. 

Clarence ran the Pioneer Grocery, which was 
located in the Shoup Building on Main Street. His 
sister, Ivia Smith Jbpling, ran the dry goods 

department in the same store. The "Great 
Depression" caused the store to close. 

Clarence was known to have "Grubstaked" miners 
in the area. He told the story about Zane Grey, 
author of many great Western books, coming into 
the store, buying supplies and with a guide, going 
into the Primitive Area to write the book Thunder 

Times were hard, and in 1933, the forest 
supervisor, Kinney, hired Clarence to work for the 
Forest Service. He worked at several jobs, and was 
warehouseman for many years before retiring in 

In 1954, the U.S. Department of Agriculture 
awarded Clarence the "Certificate of Merit", 
commending him for performance substantially 
exceeding the requirements of his position. 

When Olga's mother died, they bought the 
Johnson Rooming House, which was later named 
Smith Apartments. Because of the location of the 
property, the house was like Grand Central Station 
with friends all the time. 

Olga belonged to the Anna Rebekah Lodge and 
received her Fifty Year Pin in 1978. She was active 
in the Presbyterian Church and served as treasurer 
for many years. She enjoyed playing Bridge and 
Clarence was an avid "Pan" player. 

Two children were born to Clarence and Olga: 

Joanne Smith Tingle and William Edward Smith 


William Edward in 1929 and Joanne (Tingle) in 1934. 
They have three grandchildren: Stacy Smith Tingle- 
1956, Kris Tingle-1958, Lisa Ann Tingle Woolsey- 
1967. They also have three Great-grandchildren: Alix 
Mackenzie Tingle-1987, Kaz Skyler Woolsey-1989, 
and Jantzen Roz Woolsey-1991. 

— Glen C. Smith 
— William E. Smith 
— James C. Smith 

— Joanne Tingle 

Clyde and Anna Smith 

Clyde Smith made a vacation trip to the Salmon 
River Area in the early 1920's. He liked what he saw 
and decided if he ever lost his means of livelihood, 
this is where he would end up. This was exactly what 
happened during the height of the depression. In 
1931, Clyde and his wife, Anna, and three sons, Don, 
Jack, and Leon, arrived at North Fork. They built a 
boat and headed down the river to placer mine. 
After several mishaps on the river, they tied up at 
the Middle Fork and started mining. When winter set 
in, they logged trees off the hillside and built a cabin 
for headquarters. The cabin still stands today. They 
placer mined along the river until about 1935. 

They would walk out to Salmon twice a year to sell 
their gold and buy supplies. A new boat was 
constructed for each trip back down the river. These 
were built at a sawmill on Sage Creek, owned by 

Donald L. Smith and Clyde Smith 

John Moore. 

In 1935, they went hard rock mining up Fourth of 
July Creek in Sheep Creek Basin. This proved to be 
a losing proposition, so they took various jobs 
working for the Forest Service, mining and tending 

In 1939, they all left the country. Clyde, Anna, and 
Leon went to Spokane. Don and Jack went to 
Nevada to work the mines. 

Clyde and Anna returned to Salmon in 1941, and 
Don and his family joined them in 1942. They 
worked at the Pope Shenon Mine. They spent two 
winters at Cobalt working for the Bureau of Mines. In 
1944, Clyde and Anna went to California, where 
Clyde worked for the war effort. Jack and Leon 
entered the service during World War II. Don went to 
Portland to work in the shipyards. 

Clyde and Anna returned to Salmon in 1945. Clyde 
and his son, Don, started a boat business on the 
Salmon River. Don bought Clyde out in 1948. Clyde 
then went to work at Cobalt until his retirement. He 
retired in Salmon where he enjoyed gardening. 

Anna was born February 8, 1895 in Stearn County, 
Minnesota and passed away in 1988. Clyde was born 
February 8, 1889 in Knox County, Nebraska and 
passed away in 1963. Don passed away in 1987. 
Jack now lives in Arizona and Leon in California. 

— Marian Smith 
Dale and Renee Erickson Smith 

Dale and Renee Smith purchased the KSRA AM 
Radio Station in August 1969, from David Ainsworth. 
They moved to Salmon with their three boys: Jason 
born October 4, 1962, Colby born December 9, 
1966 and Daron born March 25, 1968. Dale became 
very active in the community and he loved the 
people here. He worked hard to make the radio 
station a success, doing most of the work himself. 
He announced the ballgames, and worked well with 
the young people. He spoke at graduation, was 
president of the PTO (Parent-Teacher Association), a 
member of Chamber of Commerce, Rotary, Idaho 
Broadcasters, and was on the city council. He did 
the engineering and kept the radio station in good 

In 1979, he added the FM station. He was very 
optimistic and everyone loved his attitude. 

Dale and Renee were members of the Church of 
Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Dale was a 
member of the High Council for eight years, a 
counselor in the Bishopric for three years and 
Bishop of Salmon Second Ward for three and one 
half years. Renee' was a counselor in the Relief 
Society and Laurel Advisor among other jobs. 

Dale was born on November 14, 1937 to Eli and 
Alice Smith in Rexburg, Idaho. He had an older sister 


Dale and Renee Smith 

Norma, and one brother, Blair. Blair came to Salmon 
to help Dale with the radio station. 

Renee Erickson Smith was born July 27 1939 in 
Rexburg, Idaho to Henry and DeVeda Erickson. She 
had and older brother, DeVon, and a younger 
brother, Blaine, along with two sisters, JoAnn and 
LaTawn. LaTawn married Monte Wolfley from 
Salmon. Blaine moved to Salmon and opened 
Erickson Glass. 

Dale and Renee both graduated from Madison 
High School in Rexburg. After one year at Ricks 
College, they were married November 14, 1958 in 
the Idaho Falls Temple. 

Dale had been in the Army Reserve. He attended 
college at Idaho State University in Pocatello. Renee 
worked at the AEC Site, while Dale went to college. 

After moving to Salmon, two girls were added to 
the family of boys. Krista was born December 8, 
1971, and Erika was born on June 3, 1974. They 
lived on the bar in Salmon, near the Brooklyn 
School, in a house called the Old Pattee House on 
300 West 2nd Avenue. They added on to the house 
in 1980. 

Dale died with cancer, on November 8, 1986. 
Before his death he had made arrangements for a 
translator to be added in Challis to serve that area. 

Renee now manages the radio station. 

1990, Idaho's Centennial Year, was an eventful 
year for the Smiths. Krista graduated from Salmon 
High School and began attending Ricks College. 
Colby married Shauna Walker on June 7 and on 
November 1, they opened a new business, 
Garbonzo's Pizza. Daron married Melody Capps on 
May 31, following their graduation from Ricks 
College. They then moved to Boise, Idaho to 
continue their education. Erika, sixteen, and in her 
Junior Year at Salmon High School, had the 
opportunity to dance in the Centennial Dance at the 
Mini-Dome in Pocatello, Idaho. 

Jason is in Ely, Nevada with his wife, the former 
Lori Atkinson and their two children, Kayla and 
Tayler. He graduated from Brigham Young University 
in Provo, Utah in Accounting and recently passed his 
Certified Public Accountant test. They plan to move 
to Twin Falls, Idaho, and they can hardly wait to get 
back to good old Idaho. 

— Renee Smith 

BACK ROW: Jason, Colby, and Daron Smith FRONT ROW: Erika, 
Dale, Renee and Krista Smith 


^ T0\S0f|IAL7\RT!ST. 


"Hockanannliacic" and 
"Hyiis-Kuiiilux" Hair 

Coke's Dandruff Cure. 
Kocli's Quinine Hair 

Subegosh or Cream Rum 

Hot, Gold, and Steam BATHS. 


Don and Marian Smith 

Don Smith was born on a homestead in Montana 
January 4, 1915. He moved to the Salmon River 
Country in 1931 during the depression. His family 
built a scow at North Fork and headed down the 
river to placer mine. They built the cabin at the 
mouth of the Middle Fork River. In 1935, the Smiths 
left the river and went up Fourth of July Creek to 
hard rock mine. In 1939, Don went to Nevada. 

Don married Marian Wootan in Winnemucca, 
Nevada in 1940. They returned to Salmon in 1942 
and Don mined with his father, Clyde, at the Pope 
Shennon Mine. They spent two winters at Cobalt 
working for the Bureau of Mines. Don went to 
Portland, Oregon in 1944 to work in the ship yards. 
During this time. Don and Marian had three sons: 
Bob born in 1941, Jack in 1943 and Kenneth in 

While Don was in Portland, the Army Corps of 
Engineers contracted him to haul them down the 
Salmon River to survey it from Salmon to Lewiston 
for dam sights. Don and his father, Clyde, built two 
scows, one for sleeping and one for cooking and 
eating. They also built a small motor boat. When 
moving the crew, they would run one scow down 
river, then use the motor boat to go back up-river, 
so they could run the other scow down. With this 

method, they were the first ones to actually run the 
river back upstream. This had never been done 
before. Until then, it had been known as the "River 
of No Return". 

This trip gave Don and Clyde the idea of taking 
parties down the river. They began this business in 
1946. Two years later, Don bought out his father. 

Don started with a wooden scow for these trips. 
Marian would drive around to either Riggins or 
Lewiston, Idaho to pick them up. In 1948, Don had 
an aluminum scow built, which was more durable. It 
was equipped with a galley, refrigerator and bunks 
for sleeping. About 1950, Army surplus rubber rafts 
were used which were easier and lighter to handle. 
At that time, Don built his first permanent camp on 
the Salmon River at Squaw Creek. He used the 
aluminum scow for a kitchen and built bunk houses. 
Don built his first power boat using two outboard 
motors and was able to come back up the river. 
From this camp, he took out hunting and fishing 
parties in the spring and fall. He continued to make 
trips through to Riggins and also down the Middle 
Fork during the summer. 

In 1955, Don and Jack Cook bought the North 
Fork Store and ran it in conjunction with the river 

Alice Powers, Dyke Powers, Jack Smith, Al Tice, Marian Smith, 
Don Smith, Kenneth Smith, Bob Smith 


trips. Don sold his hunting outfit in 1967. He then 
built a camp at Arctic Creek just above Salmon Falls, 
which he operated for five years. In 1971, Don and 
Marian sold the store and turned the boating over to 
their oldest son. Bob. 

Don's three sons started running the river at an 
early age. Bob had started in the boating business 
when he was fourteen. He built his first power boat 
when he was seventeen. After serving in the National 
Guard, Bob established his own camp at Barth Hot 
Springs. He eventually moved his camp down to 
China Bar on Lemhi Creek. He sold his business in 
the spring of 1990. He continues to design and build 
boats. He is one of the best known and most 
capable boatmen on the river today. 

Jack served in the navy from 1961-65. He worked 
in Alaska until 1975, when he took over the Arctic 
Creek Lodge from his father, which he continues to 
operate today. 

Bob and Jack now haul parties who float down the 
river back up from Riggins, thus saving the long drive 
around. They have specially built boats which Bob 
has designed. 

Kenneth served in the Marines from 1962-67. 
Kenneth took over the Middle Fork float trips which 
his father began. He sold the business. Middle Fork 
River Expeditions, in 1980. 

Don passed away in 1987. Today Marian lives in 
Salmon. Their three sons all live in the North Fork 

and Cobalt. Circles of the church's Women's Society 
of Christian Service were organized in six different 
rural areas of the county. The Lemhi Circle 
eventually developed the United Methodist Church 
at Lemhi. 

A daughter, Heidi E. Smith was born in Salmon in 

In 1964, the Smiths moved to Laurel, Montana, 
where Don was pastor of the Methodist Church for 
two years. In 1966, the family returned to Salmon 
for two years, while Don taught in Salmon High 
School. At that time, the family lived on Withington 

After fourteen years as pastor of Hillview United 
Methodist Church in Boise, Idaho, Don retired and 
he and Betty now live in Boise. Their daughter 
Heather, and husband Lynn Thomas live on 
Withington Creek where they ranch. Son Rockwell 
and family live in Boise where he is employed at 
Micron Technology. Daughter Heidi, and husband 
Mark Winger live in Terrebonne, Oregon. Heidi is a 
veterinarian in Madras, Oregon. 

Don Ian Smith is the author of: By The River of No 
Return, Wild Rivers and Mountain Trails, Sagebrush 
Seed, The Open Gate, and Ranchland Poems. 

Elizabeth M. Smith is the author of: History of The 
Salmon National Forest (1971) and History of the 
Boise National forest (1905-1976). 

— Elizabeth M. Smith 

— Marian Smith 

Don Ian and Betty Smith 

Don Ian and Elizabeth (Betty) Smith with baby 
daughter, Heather, came to Salmon in July 1944, 
when Don was appointed pastor of the Federated 
Church, (Methodist-Presbyterian). 

Don was born October 16, 1918, and moved to 
Rupert, Idaho at an early age. His parents were 
Arthur T. and Elizabeth Symon Smith. Betty was 
born in Tacoma, Washington, daughter of Noah D. 
and Lila Swafford Moser. Don and Betty met at 
Willamette University. 

A son, Rockwell Dix Smith, was born in Salmon in 

After three years in Salmon, Don was appointed to 
the Methodist Church in Burley, Idaho, but he 
returned to Salmon in 1949 to pastor and build the 
new Salmon Methodist Church. The Methodist 
Church in Salmon had been established in 1873, and 
the old church built in 1884. 

Rev. Smith developed an extended parish, and 
preached and/or held Sunday School regularly in 
various parts of the county, including Buckhorn 
Ranch on the North Fork, Lemhi School, Leadore 
Silver Dollar Saloon, Leadore American Legion Hall, 

FRONT ROW: Heidi Smith BACK ROW: Heatlier, Betty, Don I. and 
Rockwell Smith 

— E.Stroud, '-vife and daughter are c^ •:. 
(i-Qin tlxc Jur.ctior. and took in the New Vc:u.r 


Dorothy Marie Smith 

Dorothy was born in Salmon, Idaho on November 
19, 1915 to William Charles and Anna Perry Smith. 
She attended Salmon Schools and was graduated 
from Salmon High School in 1933. She then 
attended Link's Business School in Boise, Idaho. 

Dorothy returned to Salmon where she worked at 
Salmon Motor Company. Sitting at her desk one 
day, she realized that a settler from down the river 
had placed his live rattlesnake on the business file, 
uncomfortably close to her head. She had heard he 
milked their venom glands, and knew that if he got 
much response from her about his "prank", he 
would repeat it again, so she (in her words) "sat 
very quietly, pretending to work, and hoped the cold 
garage would keep the snake inert". She reports, "It 
seemed an eon before he took the snake and left". 

She also worked at J.C. Penny Store as a 
bookkeeper. Dorothy then became Lemhi County 
Deputy Assessor and Deputy Treasurer, a position 
which she held for many years. 

She was a member of the Presbyterian Church, 
teaching Sunday School. She was a member of PEO 
Chapter AF until she demitted to Chapter BA in 
Pocatello, Idaho. For more than fifty years, she has 
been a member of Anna Rebekah Lodge #14, where 
she served as Noble Grand, and then for eight years 
was the recording and corresponding secretary. She 
was also a member of Salmon Branch of the 
Business and Professional Women's Club. 

Dorothy did free-lance typing, and can remember 
several times when she worked all through the night 
typing essential and detailed legal documents 
needed by morning. She remembers Larry McGivney 
bringing in one document that involved change of 
ownership of the Telephone Company. Many were 
mining deals. 

Dorothy won many ribbons at the county fair for 
her handiwork and canning. 

After a period of prolonged illness, Dorothy moved 
to Pocatello, Idaho to be near her family. She 
worked for several years there, but ill health limited 
her involvement. In 1988, she moved to Caldwell, 
Idaho where her sister, Willa now lives. 

Dorothy still has warm memories of her "home 
town", and maintains letter communication with 
family and friends in Salmon. 

—Willa Smith Chaffee 

Edgar Frederick and 
Kay Thompson Smith 

Edgar Frederick Smith was born September 14, 
1944, the second child of Edgar Whitson Smith and 
Gladys Pattee Smith In Salmon. He graduated from 
Salmon High School in 1962. and joined the Air 

Force. He was stationed at San Angelo, Texas, and 
was sent to Syracuse University in New York, where 
he studied the Russian language. He was then 
stationed a Rhein Main Air Force Base in Frankfurt, 
Germany. He married Kay Ann Thompson of Salmon 
in 1965, shortly after she graduated from Kinman 
Business University in Spokane, Washington. 

Kay was born August 19, 1946, in Spokane, 
Washington, and lived with her parents, Jim and 
Agnes Thompson in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, until the 
family moved to Salmon in 1957. Kay graduated 
from Salmon High School in 1964. 

Ed and Kay made their home in Germany, where 
their first child, Kathleen Marie (Kathy), was born in 
Wiesbaden on May 15, 1967. After five years in the 
Air force, they returned to Idaho to attend the 
University of Idaho. Ed graduated with a Business 
Degree in 1970. While in Moscow, Kay worked for 
the Department of the Army at Washington State 
University. Their second child, Eric Whitson, was 
born May 11, 1970 in Moscow. The family moved to 
Southern California, where Ed went to work for Guy 
F. Atkinson Construction Company. Kevin Edgar 
Smith, the youngest child, was born September 24, 
1971, in Chula Vista, California. 

The family moved to Salmon in 1973. Ed started 
his own business, Ed Smith Insurance Agency, 
presently located at 117, North Daisy. He has also 
worked as a real estate broker and is presently an 
appraiser. Kay has worked for the Forest Service 
and is presently the librarian and art teacher at the 
Junior high school. 

The three children are graduates of Salmon High 
School. Kathy was a Rotary Exchange Student to 
Japan. She is a junior business major at Boise State 
University and is fluent in the Japanese language. 
She is also a cosmetologist working part time for 
J.C. Penney Company. She married Ronald Radford 
of Rockland, Idaho on December 29, 1990. Eric 
joined the Army and is in his third year of service, 
presently in Saudi Arabia. He plans to attend Boise 
State when the war is over. Kevin is a sophomore 
business major at the University of Idaho. 

— Kay and Gladys Smith 

Edgar Whitson and Gladys Pattee Smith 

Edgar Whitson Smith was born April 29, 1910 at 
Lewistown, Montana. His parents were Eva Mary 
Loveland and William Lathan Smith. 

Ed helped on the family ranch and worked with his 
father and two brothers. Will and Sam, with the 
farming operations. He had four sisters: Bessie, 
Maggie, Mary and Hattie. 

For several years, Ed had his own place and ran a 
few head of cattle plus worked for neighbors. 
Because of the drought in the 1930's, he moved to 


Salmon in 1934, where he worked for the Forest 
Service and the county for a short time. In 1939, he 
took the test for State Policeman, which he passed 
with one hundred per cent. 

In 1940. he married Gladys Pattee. Gladys was 
born on April 28, 1919, at Tendoy, Idaho. Her 
parents were Frederick Benjamin and Phoebe Snook 
Pattee. Gladys had several winters of schooling at 
Oakland, California, where her grandfather John W. 
Snook resided. Gladys's mother and brother Paul, 
would spend the winter taking care of him in his old 

Gladys attended high school in Salmon from 1932- 
1936. boarding in Salmon during the week and 
returning to Tendoy on weekends. She had a 
brother. Joe, who died when he was two. 

Upon graduating from high school, she attended 
the University of Idaho Southern Branch at 
Pocatello, (Idaho State University), after that, she 
attended Albion Norman School, where she received 
her Certificate of Education. 

After teaching at Boyle Creek for one year, she 
married Edgar Smith. Three children were born to 
this union: Ann. Edgar Frederick and Jordan Paul. 

Ann was born in 1942. She received her Registered 
Nurse Degree from St. Patrick's Hospital in Missoula, 
Montana. She married Lee Barron and they had 
three children: Lloyd Edgar. Christopher Charles 
(Kit), and Pamela Ann. They were divorced and Ann 
presently lives in Boise, Idaho. Her sons are both in 
college and Ann is nursing. 

Histories for Edgar Frederick, born September 14. 
1944 and Jordan Paul, born December 3. 1946 
appear elsewhere in this history book. 

After serving six years on the State Police Force, 
Ed joined the Army, where he served for fourteen 
months before receiving an honorable discharge 
because of his age. He came home and went to 
work for the Idaho State Bank in Salmon. In 1948, 
he became manager of the bank in Mackay, Idaho. A 
year later, he and Gladys bought Maureen McBride's 
Insurance Agency In Salmon and operated it for ten 
years. Ed was president of the Salmon Chamber of 
Commerce and Commander of the American Legion. 
Gladys raised her family and taught school while Ed 
was in the Army. She substituted at school for 
several years. 

Ed has been active for many years in the 
Oddfellows Lodge and the Masonic Order and 
Shrine. Gladys has received her Fifty Year Jewel as a 

They bought their present ranch in 1955. They 
sold most of it in 1981, but kept seven acres where 
they built their home. They celebrated their Fiftieth 
Wedding Anniversary July 17. 1990. in son. Jordan's 
yard. It was attended by all their children, 
grandchildren and many friends. 

— Kay and Gladys Smith 

Gladys and Edgar Smith 

Eli and Helen Bean Smith 

Eli Smith was born June 30. 1919 on a ranch 
south of Salmon. His parents were Pete and Amelia 
Radonovic (Sasa) Smith. His father worked as a 
blacksmith when he arrived in the United States 
from Yugoslavia and changed the family name from 
Sasa to Smith. Eli was one of fourteen children. 

Eli spent his early years working on the ranch and 
attended Salmon Schools. This was a major 
accomplishment, because he knew very little English, 
having spoken only Serbian in his formative years. 

At the age of thirteen, he set off on his own 
working for several local ranches and mining 
companies until he was employed by the Gilmore 
and Pittsburgh Railroad. He had worked his way up 
to Engineer when they took up the rails in 1938-39. 

After being injured in a mining accident at the Ima 
Mine in Patterson, Eli went back east to Warren 
Ohio, where he worked in the steel mills until 
returning to Salmon. 

He served in the U.S. Army during World War II in 
the Railroad Battalion Corps in North Africa. 

Eli worked at Valley Chevrolet, where he learned 
auto body repair from Lanty Heffner. He continued 
to work in local garages. Pioneer and Quality Motors. 

He married Helen Grace Bean in Hamilton, 
Montana on September 18, 1943. Helen was born in 
Monida. Montana on January 29. 1925 to Andrew J. 
and Annis Burwell Bean. The family lived in 
Centennial Valley at Clover Creek in a log cabin. 


Helen learned to ride horses at an early age and 
spent a lot of time with her father checking trap 
lines and snaking poles to help build fences. The 
family, which now ha